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Full text of "The fisheries exhibition literature .."

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THE LIBRARY 

OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 
OF CALIFORNIA 

PRESENTED BY 

PROF. CHARLES A. KOFOID AND 
MRS. PRUDENCE W. KOFOID 



NOTICE. 

The price of this Catalogue per post is ONE 
SHILLING AND FIYEPENCE. 

All orders for copies should be addressed to 
Messrs. WILLIAM CLOWES & SONS, Limited, Fisheries 
Exhibition, South Kensington, London, S.W., accom- 
panied by a remittance, or they cannot be executed. 



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"REVERSE. 



OBVERSE. 



PRIZE MEDAL. 



International Fisheries Rxhibition 

LONDON, 1883 



THE 



FISHERIES EXHIBITION 
LITERATURE. 



VOLUME XII. 



OFFICIAL CATALOGUE. 
AWARDS OF THE INTERNATIONAL JURIES. 



LONDON 
WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED 

13, CHARING CROSS, S.W. 
1884 



LONDON : 

PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED, 
STAMFORD STRFET AND CHARINfi CROSS. 



CONTENTS OF VOL. XII. 



PAGE 

OFFICIAL CATALOGUE ..... i 

THE AWARDS OF THE INTERNATIONAL JURIES, 
CONFIRMED AND ISSUED BY THE COMMISSIONERS 
ACTING ON BEHALF OF HER MAJESTY'S GOVERN- 
MENT .... 383 




INTERNATIONAL 

FISHERIES EXHIBITION 

1883. 



OFFICIAL 



CATALOGUE. 



FOURTH EDITION. 



LONDON: 

WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, LIMITED. 

1883. 



iv Advertisement. 



THE 



FISH EXCHANGE 



LIMITED. 

Incorporated under the Companies Acts of 1862 to 1879. 



CAPITAL 600,000 IN 60,000 SHARES OF 10 EACH. 

A large number of Shares have already been applied for. 

Payable : 1 per Share on Application ; 2 on Allotment ; and the remainder in 
Calls of 1 each. No Call to be made at less intervals than three months. 
Jf no allotment be made the Deposit will be returned in futt. 



DIRECTORS. 

THE EIGHT HONOURABLE THE EARL OF ONSLOW, Clandon Park, Guildford, Chairman. 
W. W. B. BEACH, Esq., M.P. (Director of the London and South- Western Railway). 
ALBERT B. BROOKS, Esq. (Chairman of the Capital and Counties Bank). 
SIR STUART SAUNDERS HOGG, (Director of the General Steam Navigation Company). 
E. LEIGH PEMBERTON, Esq., M.P., (Director of the London Chatham and Dover Railway). 
(With power to add to their number.") 

BANKERS. 
THE CAPITAL AND COUNTIES BANK, LIMITED, 39, Threadneedle Street, E.G. 

BROKERS. 

Messrs. BRUNTON, BOURKE & CO., 18^ Finch Lane, E.G., and Stock Exchange. 
Messrs. HODDING & KING, 14, Angel Court, E.G., and Stock Exchange. 

SOLICITORS. 

Messrs. BURCHELL & CO., 5, The Sanctuary, Westminster. 

SECRETARY. EDWARD C. MOORE, Esq. 
TEMPORARY OFFICES : MANSION HOUSE CHAMBERS, 11, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, E.C f . 

nMHIS COMPANY has been formed to provide an independent Fish Exchange for London. The 
vast and ever-increasing population of the Metropolis has long since proved the insufficiency 
of Billingsgate. The public demand a central building for supplying and delivering Fish, a most 
important article of diet alike a necessity and a luxury at a minimum cost. 

The Company will be their own salesmen for all fish directly consigned to them, in accordance 
with the recommendation of the Committee of the Corporation appointed to inquire into the subject 
of the Fish Supply. This will be a reliable test of the actual wholesale price. 

On the lower floors of the Exchange'," Cold " or Refrigerating Rooms will be constructed, in 
which Fish not required for immediate sale may be kept without deterioration. 

The Directors propose to make arrangements with the London Chatham and Dover Railway 
to run fish trucks direct into the Fish Exchange from their new line, which will be on the same 
level as the Upper Exchange, and also with the District Railway, thus allowing the trade, whose 
business is contiguous to this great circle of communication, to attend the Exchange at all reasonable 
hours and convey their purchases direct to their places of business, avoiding the delay of driving 
through London. 

The importance and completeness of the site, and of the arrangements for the purpose of this 
undertaking, will be obvious on reference to plans, which may be seen at the Offices of the Ctirn- 
pany. A considerable area, both on the land side and on the river, is ready to be handed over to 
the Company. It is the intention of the Directors to have this Exchange free and open, thoroughly 
independent of any so-called " ring." 

Copies of the Agreements, Memorandum and Articles of Association may be seen, and 
Prospectuses with full particulars, Plans, reprints of Opinions of the Press, and every informatioi) 
may be obtained, on application to the Secretary at the Offices of the Company. 



xivi 



TABLE OF, CONTENTS. 



PLAN OF THE EXHIBITION BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS 

TITLE-PAGE . ''. ' ^ 

Patron, President; and Vice-Presidtents : 

The Special -Commissioners appointed by Her Majesty's Government' 

Council of Foreign and" Colonial Commissioners '. 

The General Committee *.*.*. .'*/ 

The Executive Committee : ; ; 

The Executive Staff . 

The Special Commissioners appointed for the Colonies and Foreign Countries 

Delegates appointed by Foreign Governments trf represent them at the International 
Congress 

Classification . -. . *. ' [ / .* ' Xviil 

Kegulations . . . 
List of Subjecte for Prize Essays . 
The Special-Prizes . \ . ' ( 
Index to British Exhibitors . 
Subject Index . 

List of Firms who have rendered special services . ' 

Electric Lighting -arrangements for the Exhibition '. 

Catalogue of Pictures Lent to the Executive Committee .' 

The British Exhibitors arranged according to their Eotation Numbers 

INTRODUCTION showing design and growth of International Fisheries Exhibition of 

583, by the Editor of the Official Catalogue . . . xxxiii 

PREFACES ON GENERAL SUBJECTS written by experts at the request of the Executive 
Committee. 

SEA FISHING, by E. W.HOLDSWORTH, F.L.S., Author of Deep Sea Fishing," 

formerly Secretary to the Fisheries Commission . 3 

FRESH WATER FISHING, by FRANCIS FRANCIS, Angling Editor of the < Field ' .' 49 
* THE ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHERMEN, by LEONE LEVI, Professor of 
Commerce and Commercial Law, King's College, Xondon. ... 58 

ON THE PREPARATION/PRESERVATION, AND UTILISATION 6 F FISH, by*E.w! 

' HOLDSWORTH 

MACHINERY as applied to Fishing, by W. M. ADAMS, Formerly Fellow of 
New College, Oxford. Designer and Compiler of the Fisheries Map of the 
British Islands a m ?9 



Table of Contents. 



PACK 

FISH CULTURE, by Sir J. B. GIBSON MAITLAND, Bart 86 

AQUARIA, by H. W. TOWSE 87 

NATURAL HISTORY, by DR. FRANCIS DAY 97 

THE HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF FISHING, by W. M. ADAMS . . .119 
PREFACES showing the Condition of Fishermen and Fisheries in British Depend- 
encies and Foreign countries, written by experts appointed by their respective 
Governments, at the request of the Executive Committee together with Catalogues 
of the Colonial and Foreign Exhibits. 

ISLE OF MAN 130 

INDIA ... 137 

CANADA 156 

COLONIAL 

BAHAMAS 160c 

CEYLON 163 

GOLD COAST COLONY 166 

HELIGOLAND . . . . , 168 

JAMAICA 170 

NEWFOUNDLAND 171 

NEW SOUTH WALES ........... 176s 

SAINT LUCIA 179 

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS 181 

TASMANIA 181 

FOREIGN 

AMERICA, UNITED STATES OF 189 

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY ........... 236 

BELGIUM 239 

CHILI ............. 245 

CHINA 251 

DENMARK . . .255 

FRANCE . 258 

GERMANY . 265 

GREECE i 269 

HAITI 272 

HAWAII 273 

ITALY .'277 

JAPAN 288 

MOROCCO 289 

NETHERLANDS. ........... 290 

NORWAY 302 

PORTUGAL ....... ..... 329 

RUSSIA 336 

SPAIN 342 

SWEDEN 355 

SWITZERLAND ............ 377 

VENEZUELA .....* 379 

ZANZIBAR . 1 380 




THE 

|niirnatbnal Jfisjmies 

LONDON, 1883, 

UNDER STATE RECOGNITION. 

HELD AT THE 

GARDENS OF THE ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY, SOUTH KENSINGTON. 



PATRON. 

HER MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY THE QUEEN, 

PRESIDENT. 
His Royal Highness THE PRINCE OF WALES, K.G. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS. 
DUKE OF EDINBURGH, The DUKE OF ST. ALBANS. 



H.R.H. the 
K.G. 

H.R.H. the DUKE OF CONNAUGHT, K.G. 

H.R.H. the DUKE OF ALBANY, K.G. 

H.R.H. the DUKE OF CAMBRIDGE, K.G. 

H.R.H. the PRINCE CHRISTIAN of 
SCHLESWIG HOLSTEIN, K.G. 

H.S.H. the DUKE OF TECK, G.C.B. 

H.S.H. COUNT GLEICHEN. 

The EARL SPENCER, K.G., Lord Lieu- 
tenant of Ireland. 

'The DUKE OF NORFOLK, Earl Marshal 
of England. 

The DUKE OF RICHMOND and GORDON, 
K.G. 

The DUKE OF BEAUFORT, K.G. 



The DUKE OF HAMILTON, K.T. 

The DUKE OF BUCCLEUCH, K.G. 

The DUKE OF ARGYLL, K.T. 

The DUKE OF ATHOLE, K.T. 

The DUKE OF ROXBURGHE. 

The DUKE OF PORTLAND. 

The DUKE OF MANCHESTER, K.P. 

The DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND. 

The DUKE OF SUTHERLAND, K.G. 

The DUKE OF ABERCORN, K.G. 

The DUKE OF WESTMINSTER, K.G. 

His Excellency the Hon. JAMES RUSSKLL 

LOWELL, United States Minister in 

London. 
The MARQUIS OF SALISBURY, K.G. 



Vlll 



Vice-Presidents. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS continued. 



The MARQUIS OF WATERFORD, K.P. 
The MARQUIS OF EXETER. 
The MARQUIS OF ORMONDE. 
The EARL PERCY, M.P. 
The MARQUIS OF HAMILTON. 
The EARL OF SHAFTESBURY, K.G. 
The EARL OF JERSEY. 
The EARL OF BREAD ALBANE. 
The EARL OF ROSEBERY. 
The EARL OF HOWTH. 
The EARL GRANVILLE, K.G., H.M. Secre- 
tary of State for Foretgn. Affairs. 
The EARL OF KIMBERLEY, H.M. Sec- 
retary of State for India. 
His Excellency The EARL OF DUFFERIN, 
K.P., G.C.B., G.C.M.G., H.B.M. Ambas- 
sador at Constantinople. 
The EARL OF NORTHBROOK, G.C.S.I., 

H.M. First Lord of the Admiralty. 
The EARL OF WEMYSS. 
The EARL OF FIFE, K.T. 
The EARL OF KINTORE. 
The LORD HENRY J. M. D. SCOTT, M.P. 
The LORD ALGERNON PERCY, M.P. 
The Right Hon. LORD GEORGE F. HA- 
MILTON, M.P. 

The VISCOUNT COMBERMERE. 
His Excellency VISCOUNT LYONS, G.C.B., 
G.C.M.G., H.B.M. Ambassador at Paris. 
The LORD LOVAT. 

The LORD COLVILLE OF CULROSS, K.T. 
The LORD WALSINGHAM. 
The LORD RENDLESHAM, M.P. 
Lieut-General LORD ABINGER, C.B. 
The LORD ELCHO, M.P. 
General LORD ALFRED PAGET. 
The Right Hon. LORD RICHARD GROS- 
VENOR, M.P., Secretary to the Treasury. 
The BARONESS BURDETT-COUTTS. 
The LORD ABERDARE. 
The LORD ALINGTON. 
The LORD ARDILAUN. 
The LORD COLIN CAMPBELL. 
The LORD TWEEDMOUTH. 
Admiral LORD ALCESTER, G.C.B. 
The Right Hon. the SPEAKER OF THE 

HOUSE OF COMMONS, G.C.B. 
The Right Hon. Sir W. VERNON HAR- 
COURT, M.P., H.M. Secretary of State 
for the Home Department. 
The Hon. EVELYN M. ASHLEY, M.P., 

Secretary to the Colonies. 
Admiral of the Fleet the Hon. Sir HENRY 
KEPPEL, G.C.B 



His Excellency the Right Hon. Sir HENRY 
GEORGE ELLIOTT, G.C.B., H.B.M. 
Ambassador to the Court of Vienna. 
The Right Hon. W. E. GLADSTONE, M.P 

H.M. First Lord of the Treasury. 
The Right Hon. Sir STAFFORD HENRY 

NORTHCOTE, Bart, G.C.B., M.P. 
The Right Hon. GEORGE OTTO TRE- 
VELYAN, M.P., H.M. Chief Secretary 
for Ireland. 

The Right Hon. JOHN BRIGHT, M.P. 
The Right Hon. W. E. FORSTER, M.P. 
His Excellency the Right Hon. Sir EDWARD 
THORNTON, K.C.B., H.B.M. Ambassa- 
dor at St. Petersburg. 

Admiral the Right Hon. Sir JOHN 
CHARLES HAY, Bart, C.B., F.R.S., 
D.C.L., M.P. 

His Excellency the Right Hon. Sir 
AUGUSTUS BERKELEY PAGET, 
K.C.B., H.B.M. Ambassador at Rome. 
The Right Hon. Sir JOHN ALEXANDER 
MACDONALD, K.C.B., Premier of 
Canada. 
The Right Hon. WILLIAM HENRY SMITH, 

M.P. 

The Right Hon. ANTHONY JOHN MUN- 

DELLA, M.P., Vice-President of the 

Committee of Privy Council on Education. 

The Right Hon. HENRY FAWCETT, M.P. 

Postmaster-General. 
The Right Hon. the LORD MAYOR OF 

LONDON. 
The Right Hon. the LORD MAYOR OF 

YORK. 
The Right Hon. the LORD MAYOR OF 

DUBLIN. 

Sir FRANCIS BURDETT, Bart. 
Sir HARRY PAUL BURRARD, Bart. 
Sir JOHN LUBBOCK, Bart, M.P. 
Sir JAMES GIBSON MAITLAND, Bart. 
Sir J. WHITTAKER ELLIS, Bart. 
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir JAMES McGAREL 
HOGG, Bart, K.C.B., M.P., Chairman of 
the Metropolitan Board of Works. 
Sir NATHANIEL MEYER DE ROTHS- 
CHILD, Bart., M.P. 

Sir JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE, Alder- 
man, Bart., M.P. 

Sir RICHARD WALLACE, Bt, K.C.B., M.P. 
The Hon. THOMAS HOLT. 
The Hon. CHARLES ELLIS. 
Col. Sir HOWARD CRAUFORD ELPHIN- 
STONE, R.E., K.C.B., C.M.G., #.(, 



Vice~Preeidente Specia I Commissioners. 



VICE-PRESIDENTS continued. 



Gen. Sir CHARLES ELLICE, G.C.B., laie 
Adjutant-General. 

Admiral Sir ASTLEYCOOPERKEY,K.C.B., 
F.R.S., First Naval Lord of the Admi- 
ralty. 

Sir THOMAS BRASSEY, K.C.B., M.P., 
Junior Lord of the Admiralty. 

Sir ALEXANDER T. GALT, G.C.M.G., 
late High Commissioner for the Do- 
minion of Canada. 

Sir CHARLES TUPPER, K.C.M.G., High 
Commissioner for the Dominion of 
Canada. 

Sir WILLIAM V. WHITEWAY, K.C.M.G t , 
Premier of Newfoundland. 

Sir DONALD CURRIE, M.P., K.C.M.G. 

Sir THOMAS CHAMBERS, the Recorder 
of London, Q.C., M.P. 

'Sir SAMUEL WILSON. 

Sir ALLEN YOUNG, C.B. 

Admiral Sir E. A. INGLEFIELD, C.B.,F.R.S. 

Sir B. T. BRANDRETH GIBBS. 

Major-General CHARLES PASLEY, R.E., 
C.B., Chairman of Board of Advice to 
the Agent-General of Victoria. 

JAMES A. YOUL, Esq., C.M.G. 

Sir SAUL SAMUEL, C.M.G., Agent-General 
for New South Wales. 

Admiral ALFRED P. RYDER. 

His Excellency SPENCER WALPOLE, 
Lieut.-Governor of the Isle of Man. 

Professor HUXLEY, P.R.S., H.M. Inspector 
of Fisheries. 



ARCHIBALD YOUNG, Esq., Inspector of 
Salmon Fisheries for Scotland. 

HENRY GORDON CUMMING, Esq., late 
Commissioner of Scotch Salmon Fish- 
eries. 

JAMES LESLIE, Esq., C.E., late Commis- 
sioner of Scotch Salmon Fisheries. 

Major HAYES, Inspector of Irish Fisheries. 

THOMAS F. BRADY, Esq., Inspector of 
Irish Fisheries. 

W. JOHNSTON, Esq., Inspector of Irish 
Fisheries. 

JAMES BRYCE, Esq., M.P. 

W. S. CAINE, Esq., M.P. 

OCTAVIUS E. COOPE, Esq., M.P. 

J. DODDS, Esq., M.P. 

DANIEL GRANT, Esq., M.P. 

MONTAGUE J. GUEST, Esq., M.P. 

JOHN HOLMS, Esq., M.P., Secretary to the 
Board of Trade. 

Alderman Sir WILLIAM MAcARTHUR, 
K.C.M.G., M.P. 

A. PEASE, Esq., M.P. 

J. E. THOROLD ROGERS, Esq., M.P. 

EDWARD BARING, Esq. 

Dr. GUNTHER, British Museum. 

Baron HAMBRO. 

DORIEN SMITH, Esq. 

THE PRIME WARDEN, WARDENS, AND 
COURT OF ASSISTANTS OF THE 
FISHMONGERS' COMPANY. 






Foreign and Colonial Commissioners. 



COMMISSIONEKS APPOINTED BY HER MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT 

TO RECEIVE AND APPROVE THE AWARDS OF THE INTERNATIONAL JURY. 

H.R.H. the PRINCE OF WALES, K.G., President. 
H.R.H. the DUKE OF EDINBURGH, K.G. 
The DUKE OF ROXBURGHE. 
The DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND. 
The DUKE OF ABERCORN, K.G. 
The MARQUIS OF HAMILTON. 
The EARL OF DUCIE. 
The VISCOUNT POWERSCOURT, K.P. 
The LORD LOVAT. 
SIR JOHN ROSE, Bart., G.C.M.G. 
SIR ALEXANDER GALT, G.C.M.G. 
SIR SAMUEL WILSON, K.C.M.G. 
EDWARD BIRKBECK, Esq., M.P. 
PROFESSOR HUXLEY, P.R.S. 
HENRY G. CALCRAFT, Esq. 

JOHN HAMPDEN FORDHAM, Esq., late Prime-Warden of the Fishmongers' 
Company. 

FOREIGN AND COLONIAL COMMISSIONERS APPOINTED TO ASSIST THE SPECIAL COMMISSION KI!- 

His Excellency The COUNT CHARLES DE BYLANDT. 
His Excellency BARON SOLVYNS. 

His Excellency The COUNT CHARLES EDWARD PIPER. 
His Excellency The MARQUIS TSENG. 
His Excellency The Hon. J. RUSSELL LOWELL. 
His Excellency Vice- Admiral POLO DE BERNABE. 
The Hon. A. W. M. McLELAN. 
Sir SAUL SAMUEL, K.C.M.G. 
Sir CHARLES TUPPER, K.C.M.G. 
.Sir AMBROSE SHEA, K.C.M.G. 
Sir ROBERT HART, K.C.M.G. 
Sir GEORGE BIRDWOOD, C.S.I., M.D. 
OSCAR DICKSON, Esq. 



General Committee. 



XI 



THE GENERAL COMMITTEE. 
Chairman The DUKE OF RICHMOND AND GORDON, K.G. 



H.E.H. the DUKE OF EDINBURGH, K.G. 

H.S.H. COUNT GLEICHEN. 

The DUKE OF ST. ALBANS. 

The MARQUIS OF EXETER. 

The MARQUIS OF HAMILTON. 

The EARL OF ABERDEEN. 

The EARL OF DUCIE. 

Lord HENRY J. M. D. SCOTT, M.P. 

The LORD WALSINGHAM. 

The LORD SUFFIELD, K.C.B. 

Major-General LORD ABINGER, C.B. 

The Hon. Sir ALEXANDER HAMILTON 
GORDON, K.C.B.,- M.P., Commissioner 
of the Fisheries Board for Scotland. 

Capt. the Hon. J. M. YORKE, R.N. 

Hon. A. T. FITZMAURICE. 

Hon. E. C. MARJORIBANKS, M.P. 

The Hon. L. SACKVILLE-WEST, Minister 
at Washington. 

The Right Hon. Sir JOHN ALEXANDER 
MACDONALD, K.C.B. , Premier of 
Canada. 

The Right Hon. GEORGE JOHN SHAW 
LEFEVRE, M.P., First Commissioner 
of Works and Buildings. 

Sir JAMES GIBSON MAITLAND, Bart. 

Sir JOHN ST. AUBYN, Bart., M.P. 

Sir HENRY PEEK, Bart., M.P. 

Sir EDWARD W. WATKIN, Bart., M.P. 

Sir JOHN WHITTAKER ELLIS, Bart. 

Vice-Admiral the Hon. HENRY CARR 
GLYN, C.B., C.S.I. 

W. G. PEDDER, Esq., Under Secretary, 
India Office. 

Sir ARTHUR BLYTH, K.C.M.G., Agent- 
General for South Australia. 
Sir FRANCIS DILLON BELL, K.C.M.G., 
Agent-General for New Zealand. 

Sir ALEXANDER T. GALT, G.C.M.G., 
late High Commissioner for the Do- 
minion of Canada. 

Sir CHARLES TUPPER, K.C.M.G., High 

Commissioner for the Dominion of Canada. 

Sir PHILIP CUNLIFFE OWEN, K.C.M.G., 

C.B., C.I.E. 
Sir WILLIAM V. WHITEWAY, K.C.M.G., 

Q.C., Premier of Newfoundland. 
Sir SAUL SAMUEL, K.C.M.G., Agent-Gene- 
ral for New South Wales. 
The Hon. BOUVERIE FRANCIS PRIM- 
ROSE, C.B. 



Sir ALLEN WM. YOUNG, C.B. 

General Sir HENRY NORMAN, K.C.B., 
C.I.E. 

Sir FREDERICK BRAMWELL, C.E., 
F.R.S. 

Sir JAMES CAIRD, K.C.B., F.R.S. 

Colonel the Hon. W. J. COLVILLE. 

Colonel CHRISTOPHER C. TEES DALE, 
R.A., C.B., U.d. 

Lieut.-Col. STANLEY DE A. C. CLARKE. 

Vice-Admiral AUGUSTUS PHILLIMORE. 

Vice-Admiral JOHN CORBETT, C.B. 

THE PRIME WARDEN AND WARDENS 
OF THE FISHMONGERS* COM- 
PANY. 

EDWARD BIRKBECK, Esq., M.P. 

JOHN A. BLAKE, Esq., M.P. 

R. K. CAUSTON, Esq., M.P. 

W. J. R. COTTON, Esq., Alderman, M.P. 

L. L. DILLWYN, Esq., M.P. 

J. DODDS, Esq., M.P. 

R. W. DUFF, Esq., M.P., Junior Lord of the 
Treasury. 

R. N. FOWLER, Esq., Alderman, M.P. 

EDWARD HENEAGE, Esq., M.P. 

H. E. H. JERNINGHAM, Esq., M.P. 

WM. LAWRENCE, Esq., Alderman, M.P. 

C. MAGNIAC, Esq., M.P., President of the 
London Chamber of Commerce. 

C. M. NORWOOD, Esq., M.P. 

Captain WILLIAM HENRY O'SHEA, M.P. 

JOHN PENDER, Esq., M.P. 

C. C. ROSS, Esq., M.P. 

CHARLES HENRY WILSON, Esq., M.P. 

A. PENDARVES VIVIAN, Esq., M.P. 

Sir CHARLES WHETHAM, Alderman. 

Sir REGINALD HANSON, Alderman, M.A. 

T. RIGBY, Esq., Alderman. 

S. C. HADLEY, Esq., Alderman. 

THOMAS ARCHER, Esq., Agent-General 
for Queensland. 

MURRAY SMITH, Esq., Agent-General- 
for Victoria. 

His Excellency SPENCER WALPOLE, 
Lieut. -Governor of the Isle of Man. 

Professor HUXLEY, P.R.S., H.M. Inspector 
of Salmon Fisheries. 

ARCHIBALD YOUNG, Esq., late Commis- 
sioner of Scotch Salmon Fisheries. 

HENRY GORDON CUMMING, Esq., late 
Commissioner of Scotch Salmon Fisheries. 



Xll 



General Committee Executive Committee. 



THE GENERAL COMMITTEE continued. 



-JAMES LESLIE, Esq., C.E., late Com- 
missioner of Scotch Salmon Fisheries. 

Major HAYES, Inspector of Irish Fisheries. 

THOMAS F. BRADY, Esq., Inspector of 
Irish Fisheries. 

WILLIAM JOHNSTON, Esq., Inspector 
of Irish Fisheries. 

Capt. G. S. AUSTIN. 

JOHN BAR WELL, Esq. 

E. LONSDALE BECKWITH, Esq. 

Mr. Deputy JAMES BELL. 

S. W. BLACKITH, Esq. 

W. BURDETT-COUTTS, Esq. 

C. LOUIS BUXTON, Esq. 

JOHN T. CARRINGTON, Esq. 

W. OLDHAM CHAMBERS, Esq. 

J-E. COLMER, Esq., Secretary to the Domi- 
nion of Canada. 

THOMAS CORNISH, Esq. 

JAMES H. CROSSMAN, Esq. 

T. CRUMPLEN, Esq. 

Colonel F. CUSTANCE. 

FRANCIS DAY, Esq., F.L.S. 

EDWARD EDWARDS, Esq. 

HENRY FFENNELL, Esq. 

Professor WILLIAM H. FLOWER, F.R.S. 

FRANCIS FRANCIS, Esq. 

W. H. GRENFELL, Esq. 

Lieut. H. P. HARRIS, R.N. 

ROBERT HEWITT, Esq. 

HENRY HOLDEN, Esq. 

E. W. H. HOLDSWORTH, Esq. 

apt. H. M. HOZIER. 

ALFRED JARDINE, Esq. 

EDWARD JEX, Esq., C.C. 

J. J. KANNE, Esq. 

HENRY LEE, Esq. 



Professor L. LEVI. 

BENJAMIN LOMAX, Esq. 

T. J. MANN, Esq. 

R. B. MARSTON, Esq. 

Colonel J. MAWSON, President of the Man- 
chester Anglers' Association. 

S. HOPE MORLEY, Esq. 

T. DOUGLAS MURRAY, Esq. 

Colonel J. C. D. MORRISON. 

Commander ST. VINCENT NEPEAN, R.N., 
Dist. Inspector of Life-boats. 

RICHARD D. ODELL, Esq. 

Major FLOOD PAGE. 

H. CHOLMONDELEY PENNELL, Esq. 

Commander JAS. F. PROWSE, R.N. Inspec- 
tor of Life-saving Apparatus. 

F. PHILBRICK, Esq., Q.C. 

CHARLES POLAND, Esq. 

T. R. SACHS, Esq. 

JOHN LAST SAYER. Esq. 

ROBERT H. SCOTT, Esq., M.A., F.R.S., 
Secretary to the Meteorological Council. 

THOMAS SPRECKLEY, Esq. 

JAMES STEVENSON, Esq. 

Lieut.-Col. H. STUART- WORTLEY. 

R. W. C. REEVES, Esq. 

A. K. ROLLIT, Esq., LL.D., D.C.L., F.Z.S. 

I. O. HOWARD TAYLOR, Esq. 

HENRY TOOZES, Esq. 

JOHN TREMAYNE, Esq. 

C. CECIL TREVOR, Esq., C.B. Assistant 
Secretary to the Board of Trade. 

J. W. WILLIS-BUND, Esq., LL.D. 

W. H. WILLIAMSON, Esq. 

FREDERICK WISEMAN, Esq. 

W, FELL WOODS, Esq. 



THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
Chairman EDWARD BIRKBECK, Esq., M.P. 



The MARQUIS OF HAMILTON. 

The EARL OF DUCIE. 

Sir JOHN ST. AUBYN, Bart., M.P. 

Sir ALEXANDER T. GALT, G.C.M.G., 

late High Commissioner for the Dominion 

of Canada. 
Sir FRANCIS PHILIP CUNLIFFE OWEN, 

K.C.M.G., C.B., C.I.E. 
J. H. FORDHAM, Esq., late Prime Warden 

of the Fishmongers' Company. 



Sir THOMAS DAKIN, Prime- Warden of 

the Fishmongers' Company. 
R. W. DUFF, Esq., M.P., Junior Lord of the 

Treasury. 

W. BURDETT-COUTTS, Esq. 
JAMES H. CROSSMAN, Esq. 
ALFRED JARDINE, Esq. 
JOHN LAST SAYER, Esq 
W. FELL WOODS, Esq. 



Executive Staff. 



Kill 



SECRETARY TO THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
, E. CUNLIFFE-OWEN, B.A. 

EXECUTIVE STAFF. 

GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT ...... GEORGE GORDON HAKE. 

E. L. Box. 

, HENRY A. HEDLEY. 
DISTRICT SUPERINTENDENTS 



ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENTS . . 

RESIDENT SUPERINTENDENT AND SUPERINTENDENT 
ENTRANCES ....... 

ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT OF ENTRANCES 

GENERAL SUPERINTENDENT FOR ALLOTMENT OF SPACE 



JOHN NURSE. 

JOHN OWEN. 

HARRY W. TOWSE. 
j WILLIAM F. LIDDELL. 
.] E. W. SEARLE. 
| CHARLES T. TOWNSHEND. 

OF ^ J. DOUGLAS DICK. 

G. BEOWNING. 
JAMES RICHARDS. 



SPECIAL COMMISSIONER FOR JURIES E. W. H. HOLDSWOBTH. 

(BRINSLEY PLUCKNETT. 
ASSISTANTS .....{ THOMAS WINTER. 

( W. GuiLDF-ORD ]V^ATCHWICK. 

n HERBERT A. P. TRENDELL. 

ASSISTANTS TO LITERARY SUPERINTENDENT AND COMMIS- p RANK CUNDALL 

SIGNER FOR CONFERENCES FREDERICK^. SCOTT. 

SURVEYOR AND DIRECTOR OF WORKS .... WILSON BENNISON. 

ASSISTANT CHARLES GREENMAN. 

DRAUGHTSMAN . . . . . . . . JAMES W. DONALDSON. 

ENGINEER ......... ARTHUR CAREY. 

ENGINEER FOR ELECTRIC LIGHTING . . . . W. D. GOOCH. 



FINE ART SUPERINTENDENT 
ASSISTANT . 

ACCOUNTANT 

ASSISTANT 



CLERICAL ASSISTANTS 



CITY AND OFFICIAL AGENT 



CI/ERICAL ASSISTANTS 



C. W. DESCHAMPS. 
A. E. KEMPLEN. 

G. F. DICKIE. 
FRED. NICHOLLS. 

/E. D. ADCOCK. 
C. D. BARBER. 
W. H. BEDWARD. 
S. T. B. CURTIS. 
W. DAVISON. 
G. EVANS. 
J. E. GEAR. 
H. S. LAMB. 
E. H. LLOYD. 
W. J. LLOYD. 
JOHN MILNER. 
FRANK NORTHCOTT. 
\FRANK H. SEEAR. 

J. R. SOMERS VINE, F.S.S. 
J. H. KEW, Principal. 
P. H. RANDS. 
A. C. A. LOVEGROVE. 
J. BARTLEY. 
H. J. PUSEY. 



BANKERS. 

Messrs. COUTTS & Co., 59, Strand, W.C. The IMPERIAL BANK, 6, Lothbury, B.C. 
OFFICES EXHIBITION ROAD, SOUTH KENSINGTON. 

CITY OFFICES 27, GREAT WINCHESTER STREET, E.G. 



xiv Special Commissioners. 



THE SPECIAL COMMISSIONED APPOINTED FOR FOREIGN COUNTRIES 
AND THE BRITISH COLONIES AND DEPENDENCIES. 

AMERICA, UNITED STATES OF. 

Professor SPENCER F. BAIRD,* U.S. Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries. 
GEORGE BROWN GOODE, Commissioner to the Exhibition 

STAFF. 

TARLETON H. BEAN. LIEUT. FRANCIS WINSLOW, U.S.N.* 

MARSHALL McDONALD.* JOSEPH W. COLLINS. 

RICHARD RATHBUN.* A. HOWARD CLARK. 

R. EDWARD EARLL. WILLIAM V. COX. 

REUBEN WOOD. 

Hon. EDWARD MEIGS SMITH, Delegate from the New York State Fishery Commission. 
LT. CHARLES H. McLELLAN, U.S.R.M., in charge of Life-Saving Exhibit. 
MAX HANSMAN, in cliarye of Lighthouse Board Exhibit. 
SEBG. JAMES MITCHELL, U.S. ARMY, in charge of Signal Service Exhibit. 

* Not in attendance at the Exhibition. 
AUSTRIA HUNGARY. 

ARTHUR DIOSY, Esq. 

BAHAMAS. 
Local Committee. 

Hon. E. A. B. TAYLOR, President. 
Hon. R. H. SAWYER. 
Hon. W. E. ARMEBRISTER. 
SAMUEL P. SAUNDERS, Esq. 
P. YOUNG, Esq. 
JOSEPH BROWN. Esq. 
Executive Commissioner. 

AUGUSTUS ADDERLEY, Esq. 

BELGIUM. 

Mous. F. H. LENDERS, Consul for Belgium in London, 118, Bishopsgate Street Within. 
Mons. A. ROMBKRG, Director General of Agriculture and Industry, Brussels. 
Mons. JULES LE LORRAIN, Secretary. 

CANADA. 

Advisory Commissioners. 

HONBLE. A. W. McLELAN, Minister of Marine and Fisheries. 

HONBLE. HUGH NELSON. 

Sir CHARLES TUPPER, K.C.M.G., High Commissioner for the Dominion. 

Sir ALEXANDER T. GALT, G.C.M.G., late High Commissioner. 

Sir PHILIP CUNLIFFE-OWEN, K.C.M.G., C.B., C.I.E. 

HENRY COPPINGER BEETON, Esq. 
Executive Commissioners. 

SAMUEL WILMOT, Esq., Chairman. 

Professor HONE YM AN, D.C.L., F.R.S.C. 

LOUIS Z. JONCAS, Esq. 
Joint Secretaries. 

W. D. DIMOCK, Esq., A.B. 

J. G. COLMER, Esq. 

CEYLON. 

His Excellency Sir J. R. LONGDEN, K.C.M.G., Colombo, Ceylon. 
H. P. BAUMGARTNER, Esq., Nettlebed, Henley-on-Thames. 

CHILI. 

Commissioner. 

His Excellency Sr. Don MARCIAL MARTINEZ, Envoy Ext. and Min. Plen. 
Executive- Commission ers. 

Major G. S. SEWELL-GANA, 20 Murloes Road, Cromwell Road, S.W. 

MATEO CLARK, Esq., 1 St. Mary Axe, B.C. 



Special Commissioners. 



xv 



LIST OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONERS-c<mttrme<i. 
CHINA. 

President ex-ojficio. 
Sir ROBERT HART, K.C.M.G., Inspector-General of Chinese Imperial Maritime 

Customs, Poking. 
Commissioners in London 8 Storey's Gate, St. James's Park. 

JAMES H. HART, Esq. / Commissioners of Chinese Imperial 

JAMES DUNCAN CAMPBELL, Esq. \ Maritime Customs. 
Secretary, 
J. NEUMANN, Esq., Assistant, Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs. 

DENMARK. 

D. HOWITZ, Forest Conservator. 

FRANCE. 

Mons. BLANCHARD DE FARGES, Consul-General for France. 

Mons. E. MANGEL, Naval Superintendent at Dunkirk. 

Mons. Commandant DE LA CHAUVINIERE, Naval Attache' to the French Embassy, 

in London. 

Mons. AUGUSTE VIDOR, Member of the Chamber of Commerce at Boulogne-sur-mer. 
Mons. G. ANDRE MONDE HARE, Attache to the French Consulate, London. 

OLD COAST COLONY. 

Captain MOLONEY, C.M.G., Westerford, Church Road, Richmond, Surrey. 

GERMANY. 

Dr. RETTICH, Vice Consul-General of the German Empire London. 

Herr MAX VON DEM BORNE, Berneuchen, near Berlin. 

Professor Dr. BENECKE, of Konigsberg. 

Dr. LINDEMANN, of Bremen. 

Dr. Fr. ZENK. 

Herr JESERICH, Head Fishing Master of Stralsund. 

GREECE. 

ALEXANDER A. IONIDES, Esq., Consul-General for Greece, 1 Holland Park, W., 

and 19 Great Winchester Street, E.G. 
NICOLAS CHR. APOSTOLIDES, Esq., Dr. Sc., Paris. 
Commander E. PH. CANELLOPOULOS, H.R.N. 
NICOLAS E. LOURIOTIS, Esq., Secretary. 

HAITI. 

W. E. ROBERTS, Esq., Consul for the Republic of Haiti, Liverpool. 

HAWAII. 

MANLEY HOPKINS, Esq., Consul-General, St. Michael's Buildings, Cornhill, E.G. 
Messrs. CHARLES ATKINS AND NISBET, Agents, 1 Water Lane, Great Tower Street, E.C. 

HELIGOLAND. 

Lieut.-Col. O'BRIEN, C.M.G., Governor. 

ALLAN CAMPBELL, Esq., 43 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, W. 

CECIL FANE, Esq., 43 Pall Mall, S.W. 

INDIA. 

Dr. FRANCIS DAY, Kenilworth House, Cheltenham. 

ITALY. 

Baron HEATH, Consul-General. 

JAMAICA. 

His Excellency E. NEWTON, C.M.G., Lieutenant-Governor and Colonial Secretary, 

Chairman. 

Hon. H. G. KEMBLE. 
Dr. J. C. PHILLIPS. 
AUGUSTUS ADDERLEY, Esq. 
A. MUSGRAVE, Esq., Jun., Secretary. 

JAPAN. 

SONODA KOKICHI, Esq., Consul, 84 Bishopsgate Street, E.C. 

Messrs. CHARLES ATKINS AND NISBET, Agents, 1 Water Lane, Great Tower Street, E.C. 



xvi Special Commissioners. 



LIST OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONERS-conttntted. 
MAN, ISLE OF. 

His Excellency SPENCER WALPOLE, Lieutenant-Governor, 

Sir JAMES GELL, Attorney-General. 

WILLIAM BELL CHRISTIAN, Esq., Receiver-General. 

MOKOCCO. 

CHARLES A. PAYTON, Esq., H.M. Consul, Mogador. 

NETHERLANDS. 

Commissioners. 

His Excellency Count C. DE BYLANDT, Envoy Ext. and Min. Plen., Hon. President. 

E. N. RAHUSEN, Esq., President of the Netherlands Sea-fisheries Board. 

Professor J. T. BUIJS, Secretary to the Netherlands Sea-fisheries Board. 

A. E. MAAS, Esq., Member of the Netherlands Sea-fisheries Board. 

Professor A. A. W. HUBRECHT, Member of the Netherlands Sea-fisheries Board. 

Baron P. F. VAN HEERDT, Marine Superintendent Royal Dutch Meteorological 

Institute, Member of the Netherlands Sea-fisheries Board. 
Executive Commissioners. 

A. E. MAAS, Esq., President. 

Professor A. A. W. HUBRECHT, Vice-President. 

Baron P. F. van HEERDT, Secretary. 
Sub- Commissioners. 

JHR. J. W. MAY, K.N.L., Consul-General. 

Hon.-Cfonsul JAN VAN DRUNEN. 

Vice-Consul H. S. J. MAAS, Secretary. 

NEWFOUNDLAND. 

Hon. Sir AMBROSE SHEA, K.C.M.G., Commissioner. 
T. HARRISON RIDLEY, Esq. Secretary. 

NEW SOUTH WALES. 

Executive Commissioner. 

Sir SAUL SAMUEL, K.C.M.G., Agent-General, 5 Westminster Chambers, S.W. 

Secretary in Charge of Exhibits. 

EDWARD PIERSON RAMSAY, Esq., F.L.S., Curator of the Australian Museum, 
Sydney, and Commissioner of New South Wales Fisheries. 

NEW ZEALAND. 

Sir F. D. BELL, K.C.M.G., Agent-General, 7 Westminster Chambers, S.W. 

NORWAY. 

General Commissioners in Norivay. 
JOHAN AMELN, Esq., President. 
J. THUESEN, Esq., Vice- President. 
JOH. A. MOWINCKEL, Esq. 
Captain N. JUEL, R.N. 

Executive Commissioner in London. 
FREDRIK M. WALLEM, Esq. 
H. L. BR^EKSTAD, Esq., Honorary Secretary. 

PERSIA. 

Commissioner. 
Baron HENRY DE BARRETO. 

RUSSIA. 

General Commissioner. 
Mons. N. DE SOLSKY. 

Commissioners. 
Dr. O. GRIMM. 
Baron TSCHERKASSOFF. 

General Superintendent. 
CHARLES SCHCENEICH, Engineer. 



Special Commissioners. 



LIST OF SPECIAL COMMISSIONERS continued. 

SALVADOR. 

L. CAMPBELL, Esq., Consul-General. 

SPAIN. 

^Excellency Admiral/. POLO DE BERNABE, President. 

Commodore Z. S. OCANA. 
Captain P. PEREZ SEOANE. 
Lieutenant-Colonel S. K. LAGUNILLA. 
Captain F. ALEMAN. 
EDUARDO YEVES, ESQ. 
ALEJANDRO GLESSER, Esq. 
A. SIERRA, Esq. 
Executive Commissioners. 
Captain A. A. COMERMA. , 
Lieutenant-Colonel F. G. SOLA. 

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS (including the MALAY STATES). 
Local Committee. 

Hon CECIL C. SMITH. C.M.G., Colonial Secretary, Straits Settlements. 
Hon. J. SWINBURNE BOND. 
Hon. A. CURRIE. 
Dr. DENNYS. 
Hon. J. GRAHAM. 
W. A. PICKERING, Esq. 
F. A SWETTENHAM, Esq. 
Commissioner, Hon. CECIL C. SMITH, C.M G. 
Hon. Secretary, NOEL PENROSE TREVENEN, Esq. 



OSCAR DICKSON, Esq., Boyal Honorary Correspondent. 
Professor F. A. SMITT, Boyal Commissioner. 
Dr. MALM, Assistant. 

TASMANIA. 

"R PHILPOTT. Esq., Ac/ent for Tasmaman Government. 

K P RAMSAY, Esq., F.L.S, Corresponding Member of the Royal Society, Tasmania, 
Acting Commissioner. 

TTTNTS 

Mons E MANGEL, Naval Superintendent at Dunkirk. , 

Mons S ANDRE MONDEHARE, Attache to the French Consulate General, London. 

VENEZUELA. 

El Seuor Don RAFAEL SEIJAS, Foreign Secretary, Caracas. 

ZANZIBAR 

S. B. MILES, Esq., H.M. Acting Agent and Consul-General, Zanzibar. 



xviii Delegates. 



DELEGATES 

APPOINTED BY FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS TO REPRESENT THEM AT THE 

INTERNATIONAL CONGKESS, 
Held in June, July and August, 1883, in connection with the International Fisheries Exhibition, 

AMERICA, UNITED STATES OF. 

Hon. EDWARD MEIGS SMITH, Member of New York Fish Commission. 

ARGENTINE CONFEDERATION. 

His Excellency Sr. Don MANUEL GARCIA, Envoy Ext. and Min. Plen. 
AUSTRIA HUNGARY. 

Dr. STEINDACHNER, Director of the Zoological Department of the Imperial Museum 
Vienna. Special Commissioner to report on the Exhibition. 

Baron HAAN, Naval and Military Attache to the Embassy. 

Chevalier Dr. F. KRAPF VON LIVERHOFF, Acting Consul-General. 

ARTHUR DI6SY, Esq., Hon. Commissioner. 

BELGIUM. 

Mons. ALBERT LECOINTE. 

Mons. WILLEQUET. 

Dr. GENS. 

Mous. VAN IMSCHOOT. 

Mons. SYMON. 

Mons. DECLERCQ. 

CHINA. 

JAMES H. HART, Esq. 

JAMES DUNCAN CAMPBELL, Esq. 

DENMARK. 

Dr. D. HOWITZ. 

HARAL D VALDEMAR FIEDLER, Esq. 

FRANCE. 

Mons. BLANCHARD DE FARGES, Consul-General. 

Mons. E. MANGEL, Naval Superintendent at Dunkirk. 

Mons. le Commandant DE LA CHAUVINlERE, Naval Attach^ to the Embassy. 

Mons. AUGUSTE VIDOR, Member of the Chamber of Commerce at Boulogne-sur-Mer. 

Mons. G. ANDRE MONDEHARE, Attache' to the Consulate General. 

Mons. ALFRED SIRE. 

OERMANY. 

Herr MAX VON DEM BORNE. 
Professor Dr. BENECKE. 
Dr. LINDEMANN. 
Herr JESERICH. 
Dr. F. ZENK. 

HAWAII. 

MANLEY HOPKINS. Esq., Consul-General. 
Colonel the Hon. CURTIS P. JAUKEA. 

ITALY. 

Dr. HENRY HILLYER GIGLIOLI, Professor of Zoology in the Royal University, 
Florence. 

MORBIHAN. 

L. A. MARSILLE, Chamber of Commerce. 



Delegates. 



DELEGATES continued. 
NETHERLANDS. 

Professor HUBRECHT, Member of the Netherlands Sea Fisheries Board. 
E. N. RAHUSEN, Esq., President of the Netherlands Sea Fisheries Board. 

NORWAY. 

TOBIAS U. BORTHEN, Esq. 
S. A. BUCK, Esq. 
ALBERT GRAN, Esq. 
. OTTO S. JERVELL, Esq. 
Captain N. JUEL, R.N.N. 
GRAM. PARELIUS, Esq. 

PERSIA. 

His Excellency Prince MIRZA MALCOM KHAN, Envoy Ext. and Min. Plen. 

ROUMANIA. 

His Excellency Prince JON GHICA, Envoy Ext. and Min. Plen. 

SWEDEN. 

Professor F. A, SMITT. 
Professor O. M. TORELL. 
Dr. MALM. 
C. A. SAHLSTROM, Esq. 

SWITZERLAND. 
Dr. ASPER. 

SPAIN. 

His Excellency Admiral J. POLO DE BERNABE. 
Captain A. A. COMERMA. , 
Lieutenant-Colonel F. G. SOLA. 

TUNIS. 

Mons. E. MANCEL, Naval Superintendent at Dunkirk. 

Mons. G. ANDRE MONDEHARE, Attache' to the Consulate General of France. 

TURKEY. 

PAUL GADBAN Effendi, Consul-General. 



Classification. 



CLASSIFICATION. 



CLASS I. 



SECTION I. 



FISHING. 
SEA FISHING. 



1. GEAR OF EVERY DESCRIPTION AND OF ALL NATIONS USED IN TRAWL, 

HERRING, LONG LINE, HAND LINE, AND EVERY OTHER MODE OR 
SYSTEM OF FISHING, INCLUDING ALL NETS, LINES, HOOKS, 
HARPOONS, TACKLE, &c., EMPLOYED IN THE SAME. 

2. OYSTER DREDGES, CRAB, LOBSTER, PRAWN, &c., POTS, AND OTHER 

APPLIANCES FOR CATCHING FISH OF THIS DESCRIPTION. 
3. FISHING CRAFT OF ALL NATIONS ; MODELS AND REPRESENTATIONS OF 

THE SAME. 

(i.) Steam Fishing Vessels and Steam Carriers. 

(ii.) Fishing Vessels and Boats other than Steam Vessels. 

4. HOPES AND CANVAS SUITABLE TO FISHING VESSELS. 

5. STEAM AND HAND CAPSTANS, COMPASSES, UAROMETERS, TELESCOPES, 

LIGHTS, LAMPS, FOG HORNS, SYSTEMS OF SIGNALLING AT NIGHT 

FOR FISHING FLEETS AND VESSELS, ELECTRIC LIGHTS, LUMINOUS 

PAINT, AND OTHER EQUIPMENT OF FISHING VESSELS, CHARTS FOR 

FISHERMEN. 

6. MODELS OF HARBOURS, PIERS AND SLIPS, FOR FISHING PURPOSES. 

7. FISHING TACKLE AND NETTING IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF PREPARATION 

AND MACHINERY USED FOR WORKING UP THE RAW MATERIAL. 
8. LIFE BOATS, THEIR EQUIPMENT, AND LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS OF EVERY 

DESCRIPTION. 
9. APPLIANCES AND METHODS FOR BREAKING THE FORCE OF THE SEA AT 

THE ENTRANCE OF HARBOURS AND ELSEWHERE. 
10. METHODS OF COMMUNICATION FROM THE SHORE TO LIGHTSHIPS AND 

FISHING FLEETS BY SUBMARINE CABLES ; TELEPHONE OR OTHER 

MEANS OF SIGNALLING. 
11. METHODS OF PROTECTING SUBMARINE CABLES FROM INJURY BY 

FISHING OPERATIONS (ILLUSTRATED BY MODELS AND DRAWINGS). 

SECTION II. FEESHWATEE FISHING. 

, l. SALMON NETS AND FIXED APPLIANCES FOR CATCHING SALMONID2E IN 

ALL THEIR VARIETIES. 
2. SALMON RODS, REELS, LINES, ARTIFICIAL FLIES AND BAITS, GAFFS, 

SPEARS, CREELS, &c. 
3. TROUT RODS, REELS, LANDING NETS, LINES, ARTIFICIAL FLIES, BAITS, 

BASKETS, BAGS, &0. 
4. PIKE, BARBEL, AND OTHER COARSE-FISH RODS, REELS AND TACKLE, 

ARTIFICIAL SPINNING BAITS, &c. 
5. TRAPS, NETS, BUCKS, WHEELS, AND ALL KINDS OF APPARATUS FOR 

CATCHING EELS, LAMPREYS, &o. 

6. HOOKS, &c. 

7. ANGLERS' APPAREL OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

8. BOATS, PUNTS, COBLES, COLLAPSIBLE, PORTABLE, &c., IN MODELS OR 

OTHERWISE. 

NOTE. It has been found convenient to include Division 20 with 
Section 3 of Division 2, and with Division 9. 



CLASS II. ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHERMEN, 

1. APPAREL AND PERSONAL EQUIPMENT. 

...... 2. FOOD AND MEDICINE CHESTS. 

' ' t \ 3. MODELS AND PLANS OF DWELLINGS. 

. ', . 4. CONTRACTS OF PARTNERSHIPS ; INSURANCES OF LIFE BOATS, GEARS, 
&c. ; BENEFIT SOCIETIES. 



Classification. 



xxi 



CLASS III. 



COMMERCIAL AND ECONOMIC. 



1. PREPARATION, PRESERVATION, AND UTILISATION OF FISH, AND ALL 

FORMS OP LIFE INCLUDED IN CLASS V. 
(a) For edible purposes 

i. Models of fish-curing establishments. Methods of, and 

models and other representations of any appliances for 
drying, curing, salting, smoking, tinning, cooking, &c. 

ii. Fish dried, smoked, cured, salted, tinned, or otherwise pre- 
pared for food. 

iii. All products prepared from fish, such as oils, roes, isinglass, &c. 

iv. Antiseptics suitable for preserving fish for food. 

(fo) For other than edible purposes 

i. Oils, manures, and other products prepared from fish. 

ii. Methods of, and models, and other representations of ap- 
pliances for, preparing oils and manures from fish. 

iii. Sea and fresh water pearl shells; mother-of-pearl manufac- 
tured ; pearls sorted. 

iv. Preparation and application of sponges, corals, pearls, shells, 

and all parts and products of aquatic animals, &c., to pur- 
poses useful and ornamental, with specimens. 

2. TRANSPORT AND SALE OF FISH. 

* (a) Appliances for carrying fish and for preserving fish during 

transport or otherwise, and models of the same. 
(6) Models of fish markets, and appliances connected with the same. 

CLASS IV. FISH CULTURE. 

1. MODELS OR DRAWINGS OF FISH HATCHING, BREEDING AND REARING 

ESTABLISHMENTS, INCLUDING OYSTER AND OTHER SHELLFISH 
GROUNDS; AND ALL APPARATUS AND IMPLEMENTS CONNECTED 

WITH THE SAME, AND FOR TRANSPORTING FlSH AND FlSH OVA. 

FOOD FOR FRY. 

2. REPRESENTATIONS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRES- 
SIVE GROWTH OF FISH. 

3. MODELS AND DRAWINGS OF FISH PASSES AND FISH LADDERS. 

4. SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION. 

i. Models and drawings of diseases of fish, with special reference 

to their origin and cure. 

ii. Processes for rendering streams polluted by sewage and 

chemical or other works innocuous to fish life (illustrated 
by models and drawings). 

iii. Physico-chemical investigation into those qualities of salt 

and fresh water which affect aquatic animals; investi- 
gation of the bottom of the sea and of lakes, shown by 
samples ; aquatic plants in relation .to fishing, &c. ; 
researches into the aquatic fauna (animals of the several 
classes, preserved in alcohol or prepared, &c.) ; apparatus 
and implements used in such researches. 

5. ACCLIMATISATION OF FISH. 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

CLASS V. [AQUARIA.] 

1. SPECIMENS, LIVING (MARINE AND FRESH WATER), FRESH STUFFED OR 

PRESERVED, CASTS, DRAWINGS, AND REPRESENTATIONS OF 
(a) Algse to be arranged under genera and species with localities 

appended. 

(&) Sponges, in their natural state. 

(c) Corals, in their natural state, polyps, jelly-fish, &c. 

(d) Entozoa and epizoa. 

(e) Mollusca of all kinds and shells not included in Class III. 

(/) Starfishes, sea urchins, holothurise. 

(#) Worms used for bait, or noxious; leeches, &c. 

(/i) Perfect insects and larvae of insects which are destroyers of 

spawn, or serve as food for fish. 
(t) Crustacea of all kinds. 



XX11 



Classification. 



i 



NATURAL HISTORY. continued. 



Div. 51 (7r) FISH OF ALL KINDS. 

Div. 52 (I) Reptiles, such as tortoises, turtles, terrapins, lizards, serpents 

frogs, newts, &c. 

Div. 53 (m) Aquatic and other birds hostile to fish or fishing. 

Div. 54 (n) Aquatic and amphibious mammalia (otters, seals, whales, &c.) 

and others detrimental to fish. 

Div. 55 2. WORKS ON ICHTHYOLOGY. MAPS ILLUSTRATING GEOGRAPHICAL DIS- 
TRIBUTION, MIGRATION, &c., OP FISHES AND SPAWN. 

Div. 56 3. SPECIMENS AND REPRESENTATIONS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE RELATIONS 

BETWEEN EXTINCT AND EXISTING FISHES. 

HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF 
CLASS VI. FISHING FISHERY LAWS FISH COMMERCE. 

Div. 57 1. ANCIENT FISHING IMPLEMENTS OR THEIR REPRODUCTIONS MODELS 

PICTURES BOOKS EMBLEMS CHARTERS AND SEALS OF AN- 
CIENT FISHERMEN GUILDS. 

Div. 58 2. FISHERY LAWS OF DIFFERENT COUNTRIES. 

Div. 59 3. COPIES OF TREATIES, CONVENTIONS, &c., DEALING WITH INTERNATIONAL 

FISHERY RELATIONS. 

Div. 60 4. REPORTS, STATISTICS AND LITERATURE OF FISH, FISHING, AND 

FISHERIES. 

Div. 61 5. REPORTS ON ACCLIMATISATION OF FISH, AND or ATTEMPTS IN THE 

DIRECTION. 



LOAN COLLECTIONS. 

CLASS VII. COLLECTIONS WITHIN THE SCOPE OF THE 

GOING CLASSES. 



Regulations. 



xxm 



Royal 
Patronage 



Date. 
Objects. 

Rewards. 



All expenses 
to be borne by 
Exhibitors. 



Applications. 



Allotment. 



Loan 
Department. 

Foreign 
Countries. 



Foreign 
Countries. 

Foreign 
Countries. 

Railway Rates. 



Railways, etc. 



Marks on 
Packages. 



Waybills. 

Exhibitors or 
Agents to 
Receive own 
Goods, etc. 



Foreign 
Packages. 



REGULATIONS. 

1. An International Fisheries Exhibition, under the patronage of Her 
Majesty the Queen and the Presidency of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, will 
be held in London in 1883. 

2. The Exhibition will be opened on the 12th of May by Her Majesty the 
Queen, and will be closed on Oct. 31st. 

3. The principal objects to be admitted are comprised in the annexed 
Classification, which is intended to include all kinds of specimens of fish life, 
and to illustrate all the modes by which the MARINE and FRESH WATER animals 
of economic value are captured and utilised, together with the commercial, 
scientific, social, historic, and legislative aspects of such fisheries. 

4. Government and other Medals in Gold, Silver, and Bronze, and State 
Diplomas of Honour, will be awarded by a Jury, the composition of which 
will be settled later. 

5. No charge will ' be made for space, but Exhibitors will have to pay every 
expense of transit, delivery, fixing, and removing their Exhibits, and they must, 
either personally or by their Agents, superintend the reception and installation, 
and at the close of the Exhibition, the removal of their goods ; in default 
thereof, the Committee reserves to itself the right of doing whatever may be 
considered necessary, and at the expense of the Exhibitor. 

6. Applications for admission must be made on printed forms, which will 
be supplied on application ; these are to be sent to the Secretary in London on 
or before the 1st November, 1882. 

7. The General Secretary will, as soon as practicable, notify to applicants the 
decision of the Committee, and will indicate the space, if any, which has been 
accorded to them, and give to each a number. 

8. Contributors to the Loan Department are requested to communicate with 
the Secretary, who will supply forms to be filled up by them. 

9. The Foreign Correspondents that may be appointed are invited to enter 
as soon as possible into communication with the Secretary. The Correspondent 
will be charged with the consideration of all questions relative to the distribu- 
tion of the space allotted to his country. The Committee will therefore not 
correspond directly with foreign Exhibitors, except in those countries where no 
Correspondent is appointed. 

10. The Committee will place at the disposal of Foreign Correspondents all 
information and plans that may be useful for their arrangements. 

11. The applicants for space from countries in which no Correspondent has 
been appointed will correspond directly with the Secretary of the Committee. 

12. The Committee will endeavour to obtain, from the various English Rail- 
way Companies, special terms for the conveyance of exhibits to and from the 
Exhibition, and should they succeed in doing so, such arrangements will be 
communicated to intending Exhibitors. 

13. The Committee will not interfere in any way between the Kailway 
Companies, the Carriers and the Exhibitors, with reference to the dispatch, 
transmission, reception, management, or return of goods exhibited. 

14. All packages containing_goods intended for exhibition must have painted 
on them the distinctive mark (iTF. E.) in red paint, and they must also have 
painted on them the name and number of the Exhibitor. 

15. The waybill accompanying all packages must contain the name of the 
Exhibitor, his number and address. 

16. Each Exhibitor must provide, either personally or tbjough an Agent, for 
the dispatch, transmission, reception, unpacking, and arrangement of his gocds, 
and for the verification of their contents when unpacked. If neither the Exhibi- 
tor nor his Agent be present to receive the packages on arrival at the Exhibition 
the Carrier will be directed to take them away; but should any goods be 
deposited in the Exhibition premises during the absence of the Exhibitor or 
his Agent, the Committee will not be responsible for any loss or damage frcm 
whatsoever cause arising. 

17. Packages from Foreign Countries must likewise have painted on them 
in distinctive marks the letters (1. F. E.) in red paint. They must be addressed 
to the Exhibitor himself or his Agent. They must all be marked in such 
a way as to show distinctly from whence they come, the name of the country 
and the number of the Exhibitor being painted legibly thereon, 



XXIV 



Regulations. 



Passages. 
Show Cases. 



Railings. 
Floors. 

No Obstruc- 
tions. 

Decorations. 
Signs. 

Placards. 



Exhibitors' 
Offices. 



Empty Cases, 

immediate 

removal. 



Empty Cases. 

Exhibitors to 
keep Stands 
clean. 

Non-transfer. 



Exhibitor's 
Name. 

Selling Price. 



Non-removal 
and Perish- 
able Articles. 

Water, Gas, or 
Steam Ma- 
chinery in 
Motion. 



Dangerous 
Substances. 

Eeceptftcles. 



18. EXHIBITION SPACES. The space granted to an Exhibitor within the 
Building is available for floor space exclusive of the passages for the public. 

19. SHOW CASES. No particular form or design is prescribed for cases, 
counters, platforms, &c., but they must not exceed the following heights without 
the special written permission of the Committee : 

Show cases and partitions 10 feet above the floor. 
Counters .. .. 3 tlo. do. 

Platforms .. 1 foot do. 

20. Exhibitors may place Railings of a uniform height of 2 feet 6 inches 
above the floor level. In every instance the railings must be within the area of 
the " stand," i.e. the space allotted. 

21. The flooring must not be altered, removed, or strengthened for the con- 
venience of arrangement, except by sanction of the Committee, and at the 
expense of the Exhibitor. 

22. No Exhibitor will be permitted to display exhibits in such a manner as 
to obstruct the light or vistas through the avenues, or to occasion inconvenience, 
injury, or otherwise disadvantageous^ affect the display of other Exhibitors. 

23. DECORATIONS. In order to ensure uniformity of decoration and general 
good effect, no Exhibitor will be allowed to put up any flags, banners, or other 
kind of decoration without permission. 

24. SIGNS. No sign or name-board may be placed otherwise than parallel 
with the main passages, that is, parallel with the frontage of the respective 
stands, and should be as near to the back of the space as possible, so as not to 
interfere with the vista. The signs to be black and gold. All signs must be 
hung subject to the approval of the Committee. 

25. No printed or written bills may be displayed unless they are neat in 
design. 

26. OFFICES. Any Exhibitor who may obtain permission to erect an office 
on his allotted space must conform to the following rules : 

The office must not exceed 8 feet in height : must be placed at the 
back of the stand, unless otherwise sanctioned ; and must be 
painted black and varnished, with gilt headings. 

27. The spaces outside the allotments for Exhibitors being required for 
the necessities of circulation, packages and empty cases will not be allowed to 
remain there. Cases must be unpacked as fust as received, and the empty cases 
taken away by the Exhibitors or their agents. The Committee decline to 
accept any responsibility with reference to empty cases, which must be at once 
removed from the building at the expense of Exhibitors. 

28. The Committee will have nothing whatever to do with warehousing 
or the preservation of empty cases, or reserve any space for the purpose. 

29. Exhibitors will be required to provide all necessary attendance and to 
keep their stands and exhibits properly cleaned and in good order during the 
whole period of the Exhibition. 

30. No Exhibitor will be allowed to transfer any allotment, or to allow any 
other than his own duly admitted exhibits to be placed thereon, except by 
permission of the Committee. 

31. All goods exhibited must be in the name of the person who signed the 
application form. 

32. Exhibitors, being traders, are requested to mark the selling price of the 
articles exhibited complete, so as to facilitate the judgment of the Jury, as 
well as for the information of visitors. 

33. Objects sold cannot be taken away before the close of the Exhibition, 
without the special permission of the Committee. Special arrangements will 
be made with regard to perishable exhibits. 

34. Exhibitors of apparatus requiring the use of water, gas, or steam, must 
state on applying for admission the quantity of water, gas or steam which they 
may consider necessary. Those who wish to show machinery in motion must 
state the rate of speed at which the machine is to be driven. The furnishing 
of all counter shafting, pulleys, gas, water, steam, &c., must be at the entire 
expense of the Exhibitor, but under the direct control of the Committee or 
their appointed officer. 

35. All fulminating and explosive substances and all dangerous substances are 
absolutely forbidden to be sent. 

36. Spirits, alcohol, oils, essences, corrosive substances, and generally all 
substances which might spoil other articles or inconvenience the public, can 
only be received in solid and suitable vessels of small size. 



Regulations. 



XXV 



Catalogue. 



Hand-bills. 



No photo- 
graphs, etc. 

Non-liability 
for Loss or 
Damage. 



Future 

Arrangement as 
to Date of Recep- 
tion and Jur-y. 
Right to alter 
Rules. 
All Rules 
binding. 



Non-liability 
for Accidents. 



37. The Committee reserve the sole right of compiling a catalogue of the 
exhibits under regulations which will be duly notified. Each nation will, how- 
ever, have the right to produce, at its own expense, but in its own language 
only, a catalogue of all the objects in its own Section. 

38. All hand-bills, printed matter, &c., for gratuitous distribution, connected 
with exhibits, will be under special regulations, and must first receive the 
approval and permission of the Committee, which may be withdrawn at any" 
time. 

39. No article exhibited may be photographed, drawn, copied, or reproduced 
in any manner whatsoever, without the special sanction of the Committee. 

40. The Committee will not hold itself responsible for any loss or damage 
occurring to any exhibit from any cause whatsoever, but, while declining any 
responsibility, it is the intention of the Committee to take such precautions as 
they deem necessary. 

41. Future regulations will settle in due time the arrangements for the date 
of reception, location of goods, tickets of admission for Exhibitors and assistants, 
and the formation and working of the Jury. 

42. The right to add to, alter, amend, or expunge, any of these Kules is 
reserved by the Committee. 

43. Both Englishmen and Foreigners in becoming Exhibitors declare by 
so doing their compliance with the whole of these Regulations, together with 
such other Kegulations as the Committee may issue from time to time. 

44. The Committee reserve the right to remove the objects belonging to 
any Exhibitor who shall not conform to the Regulations. 

45. If any damage or injury shall be caused or occasioned during the 
Exhibition by any exhibited machine, implement, or article to any visitor or 
other person, or to any officer, servant, or others then and there employed by 
the Committee of the Great International Fisheries Exhibition, 1883, then the 
Exhibitor to whom such machinery, implement, or article may belong shall 
indemnify and hold harmless the said Committee from and against all actions, 
suits, expenses, and claims on account or in respect of any such damage or 
injury which may be so caused or occasioned. 



XXVI 



Subjects for Prize Essays. 



LIST OP SUBJECTS FOR PRIZE ESSAYS. 



SUBJECTS FOR PRIZE ESSAYS. 



NAME OF DONOR. 



L The Natural History of Commercial Sea Fishes 






of Great Britain and Ireland, with special re- 






ference to such parts of their natural history as 
bear upon their production and commercial use 


100 


Sir HENRY PEEK, Bart.,M.P 


NOTE. This would include Natural His- 






tory, Food, Habits, and localities Fish fre- 






quent at different seasons, and artificial pro- 






pagation. 






(This will not include the SalinonidsD.) 






IL The effect of the existing National and In- 




\ 


ternational Laws for the Regulation and Pro- 






tection of Deep-sea Fisheries, with Sugges- 






tions for Improvements in said Laws 


100 




IIL Relations of the State with Fishermen and 






Fisheries, including all matters dealing with 







their Protection and Regulation . . . . 


100 




NOTE. This would relate to Home Legis- 






lation affecting Regulations for Fishing ves- 






sels, Protection of Spawning beds, Close Time 






(if any) fur Salt-water Fish. 






IV. On Improved Facilities for the Capture, Eco- 






nomic Transmission and Distribution of Sea 






Fishes 


100 




NOTE. On improved Nets and Modes of 






catching Salt-water Fish, the Application of 






Steam to Deep-sea Fisheries, the Advan- 






tages of Steam Carriers, greater facilities to 






be given by Railway Companies in regard to 






Rates, Refrigerating Vans, new and improved 






Fish Markets, Cold Storing-rooms for ditto. 






V. On Improved Fishery Harbour Accommoda- 
tion for Great Britain and Ireland, indicating 
the localities most in need of such Harbours, 




THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
\ INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 

E XH IBI Tl ON. 


the general principles on which they should 
be constructed, and the Policy the State should 






adopt in aiding and encouraging Harbour Ac- 






commodation for Fishing purposes 


100 




NOTE. The effect of the Passing Tolls Act, 






1861, the causes which led to its failure, 






grants to supplement local efforts, loans at 






low rate of interest, period to which they 






should be extended. 






"VI. The Best Appliances and Methods of Break- 






ing the Force of the Sea at the Entrance to 






Harbours and elsewhere 


100 




TIL On the Food of Fishes both in Fresh and 






Salt Water, accompanied by Illustrations and 






Preparations 


50 




SECOND-CLASS PRIZES. 






L On the Legislation at present applicable to 
the Salmon Fisheries in Scotland (including 






the Rivers Tweed and Solway), and the best 






means of Improving it , 


25 





Subjects for Prize Essays. 



xxvi i 



SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL PRIZES. 



NAME OF DONOR. 



II. On the Legislation at present applicable to the 
Salmon Fisheries in England and Wales, and 
the best means of Improving it 

III. On the Legislation at present applicable to the 
Salmon Fisheries in Ireland, and the best 
means of Improving it 

IV. On the Introduction and Acclimatisation of 
Foreign Fish 

V. On the Propagation of Fresh-water Fish, ex- 
cluding Salmonidse .. 

VI. On the Propagation of the Salmonidse .. 

VII. On Salmon Disease: Its Cause and Prevention 
VI1L On Oyster Culture 

IX. On the best Method which has been prac- 
tically tested of cultivating Crustacea . . 

X. On the best Means of increasing the Supply 
of Mussels and other Molluscs (Oysters ex- 
cepted) used either for Bait or Food 

XI. On the best System of Life Insurance for 
Fishermen, and of Insuring Boats, Gear, 
Nets, etc 

XII. A Descriptive Account of the Angling So- 
cieties of the Metropolis, showing their Origin, 
Extent, and Constitution ; as well as of the 
Benevolent Organisations attached to them .. 

XIII. On the Currents, Temperatures, and other 
Physical Conditions of the Sea in relation to 
Eeproduction, Growth, and Migrations of Fish 

XIV. On the History of Dutch Sea Fisheries, their 
Progress, Decline, and Kevival, especially in 
connection with the Legislation on Fisheries 
in earlier and later Times .." 

XV. On the Herring Fisheries 

XVI. On the Natural History and Cultivation of 
the Sole 



25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 
25 

25 

25 
25 



25 
25 

25 



THE COMMITTEE OP THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERII s 
EXHIBITION. 



Sir HENRY PEEK, Bart, M.P. 

Sir HENRY PEEK, Bart., M.P. 

!THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

THE MARQUIS OF HAMILTON 
(THE LIVERPOOL FISH TRADE 
\ ASSOCIATION. 

{THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

JW. AMHERST TYSSEN-AM- 
\ HERST, Esq., M.P. 



THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



(THE LIVERPOOL FISH TRADE 
\ ASSOCIATION. 



REGULATIONS. 



I. All competitors shall enclose their names and addresses in a cover to the Secretary ; the 
subject of their Essays and their motto to be clearly written on the outside of such cover. 

II. Jurors will be appointed to adjudicate upon the various Essays, and, where possible, it 
is proposed to secure the aid of foreign experts for this purpose. 

III. After the Jurors have awarded the Prizes, the covers above referred to shall be opened 
in the presence of the Chairman of the Essay Committee and the Secretary, who shall declare 
the names of the successful Competitors. 

IV. The Committee of Management have power to publish the whole, or part of any, that 
may be submitted to competition. Essays not published will be returned on the application 
of the writers, but the Committee of Management do not make themselves, or any of the 
officers of the Exhibition, liable for the loss of any Essay or Essays. 

V. The Judges are not bound to award a Prize unless they consider one of the Essays 
deserving of it. 

VI. No Prize shall be given for an Essay which has already appeared in print. 

VII. All Essays, with the motto attached, must be addressed to the Secretary of the Great 
International Fisheries Exhibition, 1883, London. 

VIII. Every Essay must be written in the English language, or must be accompanied by a' 
English translation, and must be sent in, so as to arrive at the offices of the Exhibition, on or 
before May the 1st, 1883. 



xxvm 



Special Prizes. 



LIST OF SPECIAL PRIZES SUPPLEMENTARY TO THE 
REWARDS DESCRIBED IN PARAGRAPH 4 OF THE 
REGULATIONS. 



SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL PRIZES. 


VALUE. 


NAME OF DONOR. 


SEA-FISHING. 

1. Apparatus and Gear complete for a Trawler 


15 


THE LOWESTOFT FISH 


2. Apparatus and Gear complete for a Drifter 

2A. Collection of Bowls, Buoys, and Bladders, 
for Drift and Surface Fishing 

3. Model or Specimen of an Improved Trawl Net, 
capable of allowing immature Fish and Kef use 


15 
10 

52 10s 


TBADEBS. 

THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

(THE MAYOR AND CORPORA- 


4 Herring Net . . . . . . . 


10 


I TION OF YARMOUTH. 
J. L SAYER Esq 


5. Mackerel Net 


10 


J. L SAYER, Esq. 


6. Stow Net 


5 




7. Bratt Net 


5 





g. Sprat Net 


5 




9. Collection of Rope suitable for Fishing Vessels . 
10. Collection of Long Lines, Hand Lines, and 


10 
5 




11. Collection of Long Line Gear, Complete .. 
12. Collection of Hand Line Gear, Complete .. 
13 Collection of Hooks .. 


5 

5 
10 


T*HE COMMITTEE OF THE 


14. The Best and most Improved Mode of Curing 
Pilchards so as to make them an Article of 
Food for Home Consumption. Trial to take 
place as soon as the Pilchard Fishing com- 
mences in 1883, for Home Consumption within 


. 20 


INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 


15. For Improvements in the Method of capturing 
Pilchards at a Distance from the Land with 
Seine Nets 


10 




] 6. For the Best and most Economical Mode, con- 
sistent with efficiency, of Preserving Nets 
and Tackle from Eotting 
17. For Lobster and Crab Pots, permitting the 
escape of those undersized .. 
18. Model of a Steam Trawler 
19. Model of a Steam Fishing Vessel, best adapted 
to Herring and other Fisheries 
20. Model of a Steam Fish Carrier 

21. Model of a Sailing Trawler 
22. Model of a Drifter for the Herring Fisheries . . 

23. Model of a Well Vessel adapted for Cod and 


20 

10 

25 

25 
52 10s. 

25 
25 

10 


B. M. BRADBEAR, ESQ., 10. 
THE TOWN OF LOWESTOFT, 
10. 
THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

JLOWESTOFT TOWN COMMIS- 
\ SIGNERS. 

LONDON FISH TRADE ASSO- 
CIATION. 
(K. D. ODELL, Esq., 20. 
Mr. Deputy JAMES BELL, 
10. 

!THE COMMITTEE OF THE 


24. Model of a Stow Boat as used for Sprat and 


10 


INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 


25. Model of a Shrimp Boat. 
26. Boat, full size, complete with all fittings, for 
Off-shore Fishing in rough weather, requiring 
not more than four hands the first considera- 
tion being stability in a surf ; the second, cost ; 
the third, weight .. 


10 
15 


Messrs. LYNN & GIBSON. 
CAPTAIN H. M. HOZIEEU 



Special Prizes. 



XXIX 



SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL PRIZES. 


VALUE. 


NAME OP DONOR. 


27. Model of a Boat with a handier and safer 
rig than the Lug-sail, and not requiring to be 
dipped at every tack in beating to windward . . 
28. Eowing Coble (full size) 
29. Model of Boat used in the Whale and Seal 
Fisheries, together with all kinds of Apparatus 
and Tackle used in those Fisheries 
30. Model of a Fishing Boat of not less than 45 feet 
keel, adapted to the Fisheries on the East Coast 
of England and Scotland (having special re- 
gard to the rig and prevention of shifting of 
Ballast) 


10 
10 

20 

25 


i 

THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTEENATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

("The Hon. E. MABJORIBANKS, 


31. Boat best adapted for conveying Fish from the 
Catcher to the Carrier 
No Prize will be awarded unless the Boat is 
especially adapted to preserving the lives of her 
crew. 
32. Model of a Boat adapted for the Drift 
Fisheries both of Mackerel and Pilchard 
33. Collection of Canvas suitable for Fishing 
Vessels 


60 

10 
10 


{ M.P. 

GEORGE EDWARDS, Esq. 

}THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL EXHIBI- 
TION. 


34. Steam Capstan for Fishing purposes 
35. Hand Capstan for Fishing purposes 

LIFE-BOATS, LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS, 

&c., &c. 

36. For the best full-sized Life-boat, fully equipped 
and on a carriage, adapted to aid stranded or 
wrecked Vessels, from the Shore, in Gales of 
Wind, and through heavy broken Seas and 
Surf 


10 
10 

600 


THE TOWN OF LOWESTOFT. 

\ THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
(INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 


36A. For the best Model of a Life-boat, to be made to 
u scale not exceeding lg inches, nor less than 
half an inch to the foot, each Model to be 
accompanied by a certificate of the scale to 


75 


HEYWOOD LONSDALE, Esq. 


Competitors for Prize No. 36 are not eligible for this 
Prize. 

37. Life-Saving Apparatus of every Description . . 
37A. For the most suitable Life-Jacket, or Dress, for 
preserving the lives of Fishermen engaged in 
ferrying or transporting Fish from Smacks to 
Carriers. The principal requisites are, that it 
should be of such a nature as to be of as little 
encumbrance as possible to the wearer, and 
also available at all times when he is engaged 
on that duty ... 


25 

25 


THE MABQUIS OF EXETER, 
HEYWOOD LONSDALE, Esq. 


38. Illustrations, by Models or otherwise, of Methods 
of Breaking the Force of the Waves at the 
Entrance of Harbours 
39. The Best Method of Communication from the 
Shore to Fishing Fleets 
40. The Best Method of protecting Submarine Cables 
from injury by Fishing operations .. .. .. 


50 
25 
(10 


!THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



XXX 



Special Prizes. 



SUBJECTS FOB SPECIAL PHIZES. 



NAME OF DONOR. 



FRESH-WATEB FISHERIES. 

In awarding Prizes in this Section, 41 to 59, 
regard will be had rather to the excellence than to 
the number of Exhibits in each Collection. 

1. FLY-FISHING. 

41. Collection of Salmon Rods .. .. 10 

42. Collection of Trout Rods 10 

43. Collection of Split-cane Rods 5 

44. Collection of Salmon or Trout Reels 5 

45. Collection of Salmon Lines 10 

46. Collection of Trout Lines .. .. 10 

47. Collection of Salmon and Trout Gut Casts .. 10 

48. General Collection of Flies 10 

49. General Collection of Salmon or Trout Flies for 

England 5 

50. General Collection of Salmon or Trout Flies for 

Scotland 5 

51. General Collection of Salmon or Trout Flies for 

Ireland 5 

52. Collection of Materials used in Dressing Salmon ! 

and Trout Flies 5 

2 FISHING OTHER THAN FLY-FISHING. 

53. Collection of Rods other than Fly Rods .. .. 10 
54. Complete Collection of Tackle and Angling 

Appliances 10 

55. Complete Collection of Tackle and Angling 
Appliances for Bottom-Fishing, comprising 
minimum of Cost with excellence .... .. 10 

N.B. For this Prize each Exhibitor must quote 
the price at which he will guarantee to supply any 
number of his Exhibit. 
56. Collection of Artificial Baits 10 

3.MISCELLANEO US. 

57. Collection of Gut in successive stages of manu- 
facture 5 

58. Collection of Hooks of all Descriptions for Fresh- 
water Fishing i 10 

59. Collection of Boots, Waders, Fishing Stockings, j 

Brogues, &c 5 

60. Suit of Angler's Apparel, including Hat . . . . 5 
61. Eel Trap for Rivers, not to interfere with other 

Fisheries 10 

62. Salmon Net 10 

63. Punt for Fishing purposes 10 

64. Rowing Boat for Fishing purposes 10 

65. Portable or Collapsible Boat 10 

ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHERMEN. 

66. Exhibit of Waterproof Clothing for Sea Fisher- 
men ; 10 

67. Exhibit of Sea Fishermen's Clothing,. othrx than 

Waterproof 10 

COMMERCIAL AND ECONOMIC. 

68. Model of Fish-Curing K^tablishment .. .. 75 

09. Collection of Si nuked Fish 20 

70. Collection of Pickled and Salted Fish .. .. 10 

71. Collection of Dry Salted Fish 10 

72. Collection of Tinned Fish of all Kinds 10 



W. BURDETT-COETTS, Esq. 



THE COMMITTEE OP THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 

D. VIGO, Esq. 
Messrs. SAYER & Co. 



THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



TOWN OF YARMOUTH. 

!THE COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



Special Prizes. 



xxxi 



SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL PRIZES. 



NAME OF DONOR. 



73. For the best Apparatus for the Conveyance of 
Yearling Salmonidse, by Koad and Rail . . 

74. Refrigerating Apparatus for Fishing. Vessels . . 

75. The Best and most Economical Machine for 
the Manufacture of Ice for Fishing purposea .. 

7 5 A. Designs for a Fish Market . . . . . . . . ' : . 

76. Model and Plans of a Fish Market 



FISH CULTURE. 



77. 



For the best Hatching Apparatus for Salmo- 
nidse 

77A. For the best Coarse Fish Hatching Apparatus 

77B. For the best Deep-sea Hatching Apparatus . . 

77c. For the best Rearing Apparatus . . . . . . 

77 Dt For the best Living Specimens of Yearling 
Trout, not less than twenty-five in number . . 

78. For the best Fish Culture Establishment for 
Hatching and Rearing 100,000 Salmonidse, 
combining Efficiency with Economy 

79. For the best Fish Culture Establishment for 
Hatching and Rearing 300,000 Salmonidai and 
upwards, combining Efficiency with Economy 

80. For the Best and Most Practical Model or Plan 
of a Series of Fish Ponds for the Culture of 
Freshwater Fishes, the scale to be not less 
than 1 inch to the yard, and not to exceed 3 
inches to the yard 

80A. For the Best Description of the way in which 
Fish Ponds can be Constructed, and Guidance 
for their Management 

81. For the best Apparatus for, or Method of, pro- 
tecting Young Brood and Oysters against Dog 
Whelks and other natural enemies 

82. For the Best and most Economical Invention or 
Improvement of any Implement or Apparatus * 
for use in the Culture of Shell-fish ... 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

83. A Collection of Stuffed Freshwater Fish, taken 
with Rod and Line within the United Kingdom, 
bond fide the property of London Angling 
Clubs, and caught by their present or past 
members only 

84. A Collection of Stuffed Freshwater Fish, taken 
with Rod and Line within the United Kingdom, 
bond fide the property of Provincial Angling 
Clubs, and caught by their present or past 
members only 

85, -A Collection of Stuffed Fish, shown by and the 
bond fide property of a private Exhibitor, all 
being taken with Rod and Line within the 
United Kingdom 

86. Collection of Fresh-water Fish, made and ex- 
hibited by private individuals 

87. Collection of Thames Trout, caught by Exhibitor, 
with Rod and Line 

88. Collection of Salmo Fario, in all varieties, caught 
by Rod and Line, and caught by Exhibitor . . 

88A. Best Specimens of Taxidermy, more par- 
ticularly with regard to Stuffed Fish 
* These terms are used in their widest sense. 



10 
20 

10 

52 10s, 
20 



5 
5 
5 
5 

3 



15 



25 



12 



3 



10 



10 



THOMAS JAMES MANN, Esq. 
COMMITTEE OF THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 
("THE CORPORATION OP LIVER- 
\ POOL. 

THE BARONESS BURDETT- 
COUTTS. , 



COLONEL CUSTANCE. 



THE COMMITTEE OP THK 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



JAMES H. CROSSMAN, Esq. 



THE COMMITTEE OP THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 
EXHIBITION. 



20 



20 



20 
5 
10 
10 
10 



THE COMMITTEE OP THE 
INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES- 
EXHIBITION. 



XXX11 



Special Prizes. 



SUBJECTS FOR SPECIAL PUIZES. 


VALUE. 


NAME OF DONOB. 


INDIVIDUAL SPECIMENS OF LOAN COL- 
LECTION, CAUGHT BY ROD AND LINE. 

89 Salmo Salar ........ 


5 




90. Salmo Ferox .. .. 


5 




91. Salmo Eriox 


5 




92. Salmo Trutta 


2 10s. 




93. Salmo Fario, in any variety , 
94. Thames Trout 


5 
5 






2 10s 




96. Pike 


5 




97. Perch 


2 10s 




98. Carp 


2 10s. 


THE COMMITTEE OF THE 


99 Tench 


2"JOs 


INTERNATIONAL FISHERIES 


100. Barbel 


2 10s 


EXHIBITION 


101. Bream 


2 10s 




102. Chubb 


2 10s. 




103. Koach 


2 10s. 




104. Rudd 


2 10s. 




105. Dace 


2 10s. 




106. Burbolt (Eel-Pout) 


2 10s 




107. Eel 


2 10s 




108. Black Bass 


2 10s 




109. Sturgeon 


5 




N.B. Prizes will be awarded for Specimens ol 
Fresh-water Fish not included in this List. 


: 





( xxxiii ) 



INTRODUCTION. 

FISHING and Fishermen are subjects which peculiarly commend themselves to 
those who are interested rather in the foundations than in the surface of 
society, for they are by their very nature unobtrusive and remote from view. 
No huge chimneys poison the air as a necessary accompaniment to their 
labours ; no great cities rise up to contain their manufactures ; no gigantic 
hoardings advertise their importance. Fishermen do not meet us at every 
turn like agricultural labourers in the country, or the tradesmen and mechanics 
in the cities ; nor, except in the presence of a shop here and there, does their 
occupation leave the slightest perceptible trace in a provincial or a metro- 
politan town. As for the fish themselves, they not unnaturally prefer the 
quiet depths of the ocean to the most luxurious slab of a fishmonger's shop, 
or the most delicate attentions of a west-end cook. Everything connected 
with the industry is, in fact, almost wholly concealed from the view of those 
not directly employed in carrying it on. Its principal scene of maintenance 
is on the desolate ocean, out of sight for the most part, not merely of the 
dwellers upon the shore, but even of the passing ships which traverse the 
watery wastes. The towns and villages which its pursuers inhabit are 
frequented by few except the masters and the workmen of the craft ; the 
markets are rare, and their surroundings by no means inviting ; and even the 
shops receive but passing notice or recognition. To many persons all that 
represents the fisherman's craft consists of a single dish in the course of an 
elaborate dinner ; and not many years have elapsed since the habitual use of 
fish, except on festive occasions, was considered in a middle-class household as 
a symptom of extravagance rather than of thrift. And yet how vast an 
interest is overlooked by so superficial a view will be evident upon very slight 
reflection. For in fact neither hunting, nor shooting, nor agriculture itself, 
nor any mode whatsoever of obtaining the necessaries of existence for the 
mouths which clamour for them can vie with this ancient and wide-spread 
industry. Fishing, so far as the prime object of all labour, the sustentation 
of human life, is concerned, is an occupation which claims one entire element 
of the terraqueous globe for its undisputed province. There is scarcely a 
country throughout the world, from Greenland to Carpentaria, and ..from 
America to Japan, to the shores of which the fishing-boat is a stranger. Nor 
does this statement by any means exhaust the whole case. Not in the sea 
alone can this interesting and remunerative occupation be pursued with 
advantage, for lakes and rivers in every land teem with superabundant 
resources prodigal of food and wealth. However much therefore the increase 
and multiplicity of devices for the capture of fish may have escaped general 
notice, there can be little wonder that they should have attracted the 
attention of such as give their minds to the furtherance of the welfare of their 
countrymen, and more particularly to the development of such resources and 



xxxiv Introduction. 

industries as may most conduce to the support of a constantly increasing 
population. 

Suggestions for the furtherance of these interests have been made in Blue 
Books over and over again, as in the endeavours to obtain the establishment of 
a Government vessel for the instruction and assistance of fishermen, repeatedly 
made by the late Mr. Frank Buckland ; to whose memory no monument could 
be erected either more in accordance with his own desire, or more worthy of 
the debt of gratitude owed to him by the nation, than such an institution. 
But Blue Books are easily read, and still more easily left unread, and nothing 
speaks so forcibly in behalf of a reform as a practical example of its utility 
made patent to the eyes of all men. It is in carrying out such objects as 
these that Exhibitions, National and International, discharge their most dis- 
tinctive and salutary functions. They collect in a single focus the scattered 
rays which illuminate the recesses of the body politic; they present in a 
visible and striking form those features of our industrial and social life which 
almost of necessity escape common observation, and so to speak, they place 
beneath a hive of glass the operations and domestic habits of our human bees. 

Few articles connected with Fishing were displayed at the World's Fair of 
1851 ; and such as there were came almost entirely from the United Kingdom. 
Angling, in fact, was but little known or appreciated in foreign parts, and 
there was probably no other country where the manufacturers of tackle con- 
stituted in themselves a distinct trade. Twenty-five British Exhibitors 
contributed such sportsman's gear as rods, lines, artificial flies, and baits ; 
while, with the exception of some apparatus for float-fishing emanating from 
France, no foreign manufacturer sent an exhibit illustrative of fishing, either 
in salt or fresh water. The model of a smack, however, fitted with auxiliary 
screw propeller attracted general notice, as the principle had not been pre- 
viously applied to this class of vessel. Nor were matters performed on a 
much larger scale when, eleven years later, a second opportunity was afforded 
in our metropolis, though some ingenious machinery was shown for the manu- 
facture of nets, together with a fine assortment of tackle, and models of vessels 
for service at home and abroad. In 1867 the Imperial Commissioners at Paris 
offered a reward for co-operating societies in connection with the Exposition, 
and amongst the successful competitors was the Free Fisheries Society of 
Whitstable, incorporated in 1793, and established as a ^working fishery guild 
long before. At Vienna in 1873 models of Swedish and Norwegian fisheries 
were displayed, and at Philadelphia three years later was presented a capital 
machine, invented by Messrs. Baron, and subsequently improved by Poecqueur, 
for making nets. Another most noticeable feature in Philadelphia was a 
complete collection of Models, in papier mache, of the varied and valuable 
Marine Fauna, of North America. 

Like all vigorous and well-conceived ideas, the notion of a Great Inter- 
national collection of works of industry like the World's Fair of 1851, gave 
birth to similar enterprises of a more limited and partial scope. Beneath the 
wonderful influence exercised by the first and most beautiful of them all, local 
and special exhibitions grew up almost from year to year for all sorts of 
objects and in all sorts of places. In these specialities Cork led the way in 



Introduction. 



xxxv 



1852 with a collection of Irish Arts and Manufactures, and in the following 
year New York, New Brunswick, and Madras gave illustration of their native 
productions. Munich and Madrid, Christiania and Brussels, Berne, Sardinia, 
Hanover and St. Petersburg, promptly took up the cue thus given. Within 
the last thirty years scarcely any land has been without the advantages 
derived from a public display illustrative of national life. There have been 
Exhibitions from Thurso to Ballarat, and from Paris to Nagasaki. There have 
been Exhibitions of particular industries, Exhibitions of Arts, Exhibitions of 
Treasures, Exhibitions of the Apparatus of Labour, Exhibitions of the Ap- 
paratus of Science, Exhibitions of Corn, of Wine, and of Needlework. The 
Dairies of Europe have vied with each other at Hamburg ; Casques and 
Bronzes have met in assembly at Kioto ; even the Bees have had their own 
Exhibition in London, and the very Fungi have held a Congress all to them- 
selves at Aberdeen. 

At last, fourteen years from the commencement of this magnificent series 
of industrial, art, and scientific triumphs, Fishing and Fisheries asserted 
their claim to a special display. Boulogne, with its semi-aquatic inhabitants 
and its frequent memorials of those who have perished in the waters, was the 
first to open its doors, though both Arcachon and Havre followed its example 
at a subsequent period. Especial prominence must be given to the important 
Maritime Exposition held at the former of these two last-mentioned towns ; 
an enterprise which resulted as we trust will be one of the results of our 
own Exhibition in a great development and improvement of pisciculture. 
The Hague also was the scene of a similar collection in 1867, as was Naples 
in 1871. But the International Fisheries Exhibition held at Berlin in 1880 
eclipsed all others in extent and variety. Nine great divisions were not more 
than sufficient for the multiplicity of the ol ' 3cts collected, which ranged from 
the specimens of corals and oysters, and from dried, salted, and smoked pre- 
parations, to documents and emblems, and seals, and all the multifarious 
statistics bearing upon the history of the fishing ndustry. 

It would be foreign to our purpose to dwell upon the particular specimens 
exhibited at Berlin, yet one class of objects was of so striking a character as 
to give an excellent example of the incidental illustrations of nature which 
are, as it were, the perquisites and rewards of those who endure the labours of 
such multifarious tasks as are involved in the establishment of an International 
Exhibition. The magnificent collection of sea- fowl was in itself found worthy 
of prolonged attention. There were the Falconidse, the Fagins of aquatic 
fowl, who get their prey through the medium of less subtle but more active 
birds ; the PandionidaB, haunters of salt and fresh water alike, but lovers in 
particular of the rocky islands in the Tuscan sea ; the ArdeidoB (the herons), 
to which the Egretta Alba of Venice belongs; the Phoenicopteridse (tlie 
flamingoes), which pass in flights year by year over the Sardinian chores; the 
Procellaridse (the petrels), including that unique bird the Oceanides Wilsoni, 
whereof a single specimen alone in the world is preserved in the Museum of 
Cagliari; and with them were many other different kinds of fowl which 
follow the human fashion of feeding upon the inhabitants of the waters. 
From Germany this admirable and most politic conception parsed over into 



XXXVI 



Introduction. 



England. We are indebted to Norwich, the capital of the county distinguished 
for its fishing enterprise from time] immemorial, for first localising it within 
these islands. The germ of the idea was due to the Yare Preservation and 
Angling Society, and more specifically to one of its most distinguished 
members, Mr. Howard Taylor. At the Annual Meeting of this Association in 
1879, Mr. Taylor suggested the institution of a Fish Museum at Norwich ; 
while, at the same time, an Act was passed for the protection and preservation 
of fish in relation to the county through the instrumentality of the same 
Society. From the legislation arising out of this movement sprang the 
important Society for the Acclimatization of Fish; and when the project 
of a museum was found difficult of execution, their Secretary, Mr. Oldham 
Chambers, conceived the happy notion of holding a Fisheries Exhibition 
in the county capital a proposition warmly accepted and endorsed by their 
President, Mr. Birkbeck, the Member for the Northern Division of the county. 
A small and energetic Executive soon threw themselves into the work, and 
just as the project of a Museum had been superseded by that of an Exhibition, 
so now the local character of the institution gradually widened into a 
national undertaking. Several public bodies quickly recognised the value of 
the design, and assistance flowed in from many quarters. A handsome donation 
was voted for the purpose by the Corporation of London, and that ancient 
City guild, the Fishmongers' Company, then as now lent their powerful 
influence. 

Government recognition was also obtained, chiefly through the agency of 
Mr. Birkbeck, and an official sanction was procured for holding the Exhibition 
at Norwich, and for granting medals and diplomas of merit. From the 
moment of its inception, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh took 
a lively interest in furthering the project, and its happy execution was in no 
small degree owing to the assistance afforded by their Koyal Highnesses. 

The success attained at Norwich at once put in motion the enterprise of our 
Northern neighbours. At the instance of the Highland and Agricultural 
Society, Mr- Menzies paid a visit to the Norwich Exhibition, and his report 
was so favourable that the Scottish Society resolved upon following suit in 
the succeeding year. Amongst the objects especially noticed at Edinburgh 
was the Swedish collection of fish and fish-derived products, such as isinglass 
and gelatine. One young lady in particular exhibited a most ingenious and 
beautiful set of brooches and ornaments made entirely of fish-scales. Much 
interest also was felt in the exhibits contributed by Professor Nordenskjold, 
of the fishing-tackle used by the tribes frequenting the borders of the Arctic 
Ocean, and by the .Esquimaux of the Port of Cloimu. Some valuable con- 
tributions to our knowledge upon points connected with these matters were 
obtained in the essays presented by various experienced writers, notably in 
that contributed by Mr. George Sim upon the " Natural History of the 
Herring," in an account of the " Harbour Accommodation of Scotland," given 
by Mr. Young, Inspector of Salmon Fisheries, and in a disquisition upon the 
different methods of Oyster Culture. 

Meanwhile a movement was set on foot again under the auspices of 
Mr. Birkbeck, for repeating, upon a grander scale in London, the experiment 



Introduction. * xxxvii 



so admirably initiated at Norwich. A very influential meeting, under the 
presidency of the Marquis of Exeter, was held in the month of July 1881, at 
the Hall of the Fishmongers' Company, when resolutions were adopted to tho 
effect : That it was desirable to hold a Grand International Fisheries Exhibi- 
tion in London in the year 1883 ; that a communication should be addressed 
to the Members of Her Majesty's Government, informing them of the proposal, 
and requesting their kind co-operation ; that a Committee should be requested 
to draw up, at the termination of the Exhibition, a Eeport on the Fisheries of 
the British Empire and the best method of improving them ; and that cor- 
responding Committees should be formed round the coast. The Chairmanship 
of the Executive Committee was accepted by Mr. Birkbeck, and a Committee 
of twelve was formed representing the various fishery interests of the United 
Kingdom. Canada gave the services of Sir Alexander Gait ; and the Marquis 
of Hamilton, upon whom, in conjunction with Mr. Birkbeck, the onus of the 
responsibility and the stress of the laborious daily executive work have fallen, 
was added to represent Ireland ; while the Aquarium Department was placed 
under the management of Sir James Gibson Maitland ; and the construction 
of the building was confided to the care of General Scott, whose recent decease 
is so greatly mourned at South Kensington. The buildings for the Exhibition, 
admirably adapted as they are for their respective uses, bear no slight 
testimony, were any needed, to General Scott's exceptional skill in architectural 
construction. Nor at the inauguration of this Great International enterprise 
will his colleagues fail to remember the high scientific attainments the 
thoroughness of purpose and the endearing sweetness of disposition of him 
whose labours are ended. 

A second important meeting was held at Willis's Rooms in February 1882, 
when the Duke of Richmond and Gordon read the Report of the Committee, 
and their Royal Highnesses the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh 
expressed a strong interest in the undertaking. The support of Royalty was 
again readily granted for the scheme, Her Majesty graciously consenting to be 
Patron, and the Prince of Wales becoming President, while the Duke of 
Edinburgh, the Duke of Connaught, the Duke of Albany, and the Duke of 
Cambridge, accepted the position of Vice-Presidents, and the Duke of Richmond 
and Gordon that of Chairman of the General Committee. Of this Committee 
the Prime Minister and Lord Granville are members, together with most of 
the Ministers of the present and late Administration. Every facility also was 
afforded by the various departments of the Government for forwarding the 
business of the Exhibition. Various means have been adopted to spread 
among the public a knowledge of the subject connected with this industry. 
Prizes are offered for the best exhibits as well as for the best essays upon 
selected and appropriate topics; Authorities of distinction have been invited 
to compile a series of popular Shilling 1 (andbooks upon subjects with which 
they were specially acquainted, and Conferences are arranged to be held 
during the continuance of the Exhibition for the discussion of important 
questions, the first of which will be held on the 12th of June, when a paper 
contributed by His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh will bo read. 
Nor is the practical side of the matter neglected. A fish market has been. 



xxxvi i i Introduction. 



established within the precincts of the building, to which the great salesmen 
of our principal ports will send their wares direct. Arrangements, too, have 
been made for the supply of cheap fish dinners, under the able and experienced 
direction of Mrs. Clarke, the Lady Superintendent of the National School of 
Cookery, while lectures upon the treatment of fish will be given daily by an 
experienced instructress. 

The sentiments animating the promoters will best be illustrated by certain 
words spoken by the Prince of Wales at the inaugural banquet at Norwich. 
" It is particularly gratifying," said His Eoyal Highness, " to see that at last 
an interest is being taken not only in our fisheries, but in our fishermen, 
whose lives are so frequently exposed to risk through the severity of weather 
and the dangerous character .of the Eastern coast. Among a very interesting 
display of specimens, I especially observed the apparatus for saving life, and 
a variety of models of life-boats, which cannot fail to bring before the public 
generally their duty in regard to the protection of the fishing interests of our 
country. Whilst thinking over the probable results that may attend this 
Exhibition, I could not fail to reflect upon the labour it has cost more minds 
than one ; and I do trust, having regard to the importance of our national 
fishing interest, and the value of our fishermen's lives, that a sort of National 
Society may be instituted which will maintain those who are unfortunately in 
want, and help to assuage the grief and misery of the widows and orphans of 
those who perish at sea. I believe it is only necessary to throw out the hint 
to see established in this country a National Fishermen's Aid Society, which 
shall command the support not only of those living upon the line of our 
fishing coast here, but of all concerned in fishery throughout our dominions." 

In these pregnant sentences, well befitting the Heir oi (he British Crown, 
are contained the whole force and design of the great Fisheries Exhibition, 
not merely as presented at Norwich, but as developed in its International form 
in the present Exhibition at South Kensington. To this end the Exhibits, the 
Prizes, the Conferences, the Handbooks, the Market, the Cookery, the Dinners, 
the Lectures, are all, in a systematic and carefully elaborated plan, har- 
moniously directed. It is much to defend the natural wealth of our rivers and 
seas from the rapacity of greed and the recklessness of pollution ; to provide 
improved harbour accommodation, and greater facilities for transport and com 
merce ; to render the meals of the million more palatable, more wholesome, 
and, at the same time, more economical. But all these things sink into 
insignificance when compared with the safe-guarding of our fishermen's lives 
and the improvement of our fishermen's homes. These are objects in which 
all nations can cordially co-operate because all mankind is interested in the 
result; and in noway can our island kingdom more gracefully or beneficially 
exercise the historic preeminence conceded to her upon the seas than by 
promoting these interests in connection with such an enterprise as that of the 
International Fisheries Exhibition. 



7 May, 1883. 




Advertisement. 



THE GULCHER ELECTRIC LIGHT 

AND POWER COMPANY, LIMITED 



Works and Offices; BATTERSEA FOUNDRY, 
WELLINGTON ROAD, BATTERSEA. 

SOLE PKOPRIETOKS OF THE 

GULCHER LOW TENSION ARC LAMP 

and DYNAMO MACHINE, and of the 
CROOKES INCANDESCENT LAMP, 

For the United Kingdom, India and Colonies. 

The Special Features of this system are STEADINESS 
OF THE LIGHT, ECONOMY, AND SAFETY. 



GOLD MEDAL, PARIS 1881. 
ONLY MEDAL FOR HIGHEST EXCELLENCE, VIENNA 1882. 



Estimates given on application for all kinds of light- 
ing by Arc and Incandescent Lamps, either separately or 
in combination from the same Dynamo Machine. 



THE CHINESE, JAPANESE, AND STRAITS 
SETTLEMENTS DEPARTMENTS in this Exhibition 
are lighted BY THE CROOKES INCANDESCENT 
LAMPS, and THE MACHINERY DEPARTMENTS 
by GULCHER ARC LAMPS. 



Advertisements. 



CROSSLEY BROS., LIMITED, 



E.G. 



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to 100 H.I*. 



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! ^ = 





If 53 




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, CEOSSLE Y BEOS., Limited, Manchester, & 24 Poultry, London. 

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ELEVEN GOLD AND PRIZE MEDALS FOR EXCELLENCE. 

SPRING STEEL FISH HOOKS, 

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FISHING RODS AN|lAl| IN GENERAL. 

IMPORTERS OF FISHING GUT, Strongest Salmon, Extra 
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WHOLESALE AT OUR LONDON HOUSE, 

H. WALKER, 53 Gresham Street, E.G., 

(Where a Large Stock can be inspected.) 

RETAIL AND WHOLESALE FROM ALL DEALERS THROUGHOUT THE WORLD, 



( xxxix ) 



INDEX TO BEITISH EXHIBITORS. - 



PAGE 

ABBOTT, J., & Co., Newark-on-Trent 85 

Aberdeen Harbour Commissioners 35 

Abrahams, Arthur, Crystal Palace, Sydenham, S.E 75 

Acheson, Joseph, Ballyane Park, New Koss, Co. Wexford 37 

Adams, G. G., 126 Sloane Street, S.W , xcii 

Adams, W. A., Gaines, Worcester 114 

Adams, W. M., 23 Percy Circus, W.C 30 

Adie, Thomas M., & Sons, Voe, Shetland 69 

Adlington, W. B 504 

JEolus Water Spray Company Ixxxiii, 23, 29 

Albert Dock Shipwright, Boat-Building, and Mast and Block-Making Co., Limited, Hull 19 

Aldous, J., F.R.H.S., 57 High Street, Kensington Ixxxix 

Aldred, Thomas, 258 Oxford Street, W 55 

Alexander & Co., 190 Westminster Bridge Eoad, S.E 

Alfred, H. J., 20 Moorgate Street, E.C xcii 

Alfred & Son, 20 Moorgate Street, London 51 

Allan, D., & Co., Granton, near Edinburgh 16 

Allen, Edward Ellis, 111 Cheyne Walk, S.W 63, 66, 125 

Alward, G. L., and Eskriett, J. & C., Fish Docks, Grimsby 10 

Amherst, Margaret, 88 Brook Street, W 115 

Anderson, Abbott & Anderson, 37 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 18, 57, 60 

Anderson, K., and Son, Dunkeld, and 56 Princes Street, Edinburgh 54 

Andrews, Thomas, Westgate House, Guildford 90, 95 

Andrews, Thomas Leo, High Street, Uppingham 54 

Anglo-Norwegian Guano, .Phosphate and Isinglass Co., Limited, Dashwood House, New 

Broad Street, E.C 123 

Anglo-Swedish Company, Limited, 23 Old Change, E.C 75 

Ansdell, Kichard, K.A., Lytham House, Kensington, W Ixxxiv 

Antitropic Company, W. F. Grier & Co., Glasgow, and 20 Stamford Street, Blackfriars, 

S.E 74 

Appleyard, J. F., 110A Waterloo Koad, S.E 73 

Archer, Thomas, Jun., Dunstan Engine Works, Gateshead-on-Tyne 

Arkwright, R., 8 Cadogan Place, S.W 14 

Armistead, Joseph John, Solway Fishery, Dumfries, N.B 95 

Arnold Harry, 162 Conningham Road, W xcii 

Arnold Edward, Campbell Yard, High Street, Huntingdon 1 4 

Arnold, John William, 9 Park Street, Deal 13, 121 

Artz, D. A. C xcii 

Ascroft, Robert Lamb, 17 Barratt Street, Southport 

Ashe, J. W. L., Heathside, Bexley Heath xcn 

Ashmead, G. B., & Co., 35 Bishopsgate Street, E.C 104, 115, 116 

Ashton & Green, Limited, 15 Bury Street, St. Mary Axe, B.C., Temple Gate, Bristol, and 

Festiniog, North Wales 

Atkins, Charles and Nisbet, 1 Water Lane, E.C 

Atkins Water Softening and Purifying Co., 62 Fleet Street, E.C Ixxxm, 9C 

Atkins, William, & Elias Parsons, Lime Cottage, Battersea Rise, S.W 

Attye, Miss Guyseliff, Milberton, Leamington 

Ayling, Edward, Auckland Street, Vauxhall, S.E 

Bacon, W. H xcl1 

Badcock, Thomas, Newlyn ^ 

Baharie & Adamson, 7 Lawrence Street and 3 Nile Street, Sunder laud rf 



xl Index to British Exhibitors. 



Bailey, H., 14 Cunningham Place, St. John's Wood, N.W xcii 

Bain, Mrs. G., Eaton Road, Hampstead, N.W 60 

Baker, F. W., 115 Belsize Road, Abbey Eoad, N.W xcii 

Baker, J. M. B., Hammersmith, W 41 

Balch, W., 6 Haddington Terrace, Greenwich , 41 

Ball, 223 Evering Koad, Upper Clapton, E 15 

Ball's Unipolar Company xc 

Ballardie, D., 41 Robertson Street Glasgow 42 

Banks, George, 1 Henrietta Court, St. Thomas Street, Scarborough 17 

Bannatyne, J. J., 5 Albert Street, Regent's Park, N.W xcii, xcvii 

Bapty, S. L., G5 Blackheath Road, Greenwich 31, 48 

Barber, S. L., & Co., Ill Lower Thames St., E.C 72 

Barber, W., 19 Sincil Street, Lincoln 104 

Barbour, William, & Sons, Hildeu Flax Mills, Lisburn 36 

Barker, J., & Co., High Street, Kensington, W 58, 77 

Barker, R. E., 15 Brookland Road, Shepherd's Bush, W 20 

Barnard, Bishop & Bamards, Norwich ; 95, Queen Victoria Street, E.C Ixxxiii 

Barnett, James, Kirkwall, Orkney 47, 121 

Barron, R., Macduff 66 

Barrow, George, 118 Lower Thames Street, E.C 68, 72 

Barrow, H., & Co., 45 Botolph Lane, E.C 72 

Barry & Co., 71 Biskopsgate Street, E.C 31, 126 

Bartleet, B. 0., Ramsgate 11 

Bartleet, William, & Sons, Abbey Mills, Redditch ; and London. (Walker, Agent, 53 

Gresham Street, E.C.) .' 56 

Bartlett, A. D., & Sou, Zoological Gardens, N.W 104, 115 

Barton, Charles Emerson, Providence Works, 56 & 58 Eastgate, Great Grimsby 82 

Batcman, O. H. & Co., Limited, East Greenwich 83 

Bates, W., Publisher, " Land and Water," 176 Fleet Street, E.C 121 

Baxter, Alfred, Fish Docks, Grimsby 18 

Bayley, Matthew, Flamborough 58 

Baylis, William H., 35 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, W.C 101 

Beasley, A. W., 14 Greville Place, Maida Vale, N.W 104 

Beavor-Webb, J,, 7 Albemarle Street, W 15 

Beck, J., & Co., Limited, 130 Great Suffolk Street, Southwark, S.E 31, 84 

Beeching Brothers, Great Yarmouth 18, 40 

Beeson, William L., 78 Stirling Street, New Clee, Grimsby 12 

Belfast Ropework Company, Limited, Belfast, Ireland .. 24 

Bell,E. . .. , 16 

Bell-Coleman Refrigerating Company, 45 West Nile Street, Glasgow 83 

Bellis, Thomas Kerrison, 10 Jeffreys Square, St. Mary Axe, E.C 68 

Belshaw, Frank, 13 Sherwin Street, Nottingham xcii 

Beningfield, Arthur 109 

Beningfield, T., Broxbourne 108 

Benjamin, Joseph, 67 Cambridge Road, Mile End, E 104 

Berinondsey Brothers Angling Club, Alscot Arms, Alscot Road, Berrnondsey, S.W 104 

Bernard, J., & Son, 5 Church Place, Piccadilly, S.W 54 

Berney, George Duckett, Morton Hall, Norwich 8, 40, 53, 95, 123 

Berthon Boat Co., Limited, Romsey, Hampshire, and 72 Aldersgate St., E.C ". 19 

Bertram, J., 241 King's Road, Chelsea, S.W 22 

Bertram & Roberts, Crystal Palace ... 73 

Berwick Salmon Fisheries Company, Limited, Berwick-on-Tweed 51 

Biglioschi, V., 101 Ledbury Road, Bayswater, W 75 

Bingham, G. T 95 

Bird, C., 106 High Street, Lowestoft xcii 

Birmingham and Midland Piscatorial Association, James Gregory, Hon. Sec., 39 Vyse 

Street, Birmingham 104 

Birt, J. & A. W., 42 Dock Street, London Docks, E Ixxxiii, 42 

Bishop, E., Portland Road, South Norwood . : 31 

Bishop, S., Fernbank Road, Redland, Bristol 20 

Bishop, W. R., 5 Union Square, Islington, N xcii 

Blackwater, Coytrahen, Bridgend, South Wales 57 

Blake, A. W. & H. P., Great Yarmouth, and Lytton Road, Ley toustone, E 16 

Blanckflower & Sons, King Street, Great Yarmouth 68, 69 

Blcwitt, John, Newlyu 327 

Blogg, Mrs. Nellie, 5 Mount View Villas, Crouch Hill, Hornsey, N xcii 



Index to British Exhibitors. xli 

PAGE 

Bloomer, H. K., Cookham Dean, Berks xcii 

Blundell, Spence & Co., Limited, 9 Upper Thames Street. E.C 30, 74 

Board of Trade, Whitehall Gardens, S.W 45 

Bodill, Parker & Co., Great Hampton Row, Birmingham 31 

Bolton, Thomas, 57 New Hall Street, Birmingham 93, 100 

Bond, J., & Son, 10G Narrow Street, Limehouse, E 30 

Borough Leather Warehouse Company, The 75 

Bostock, F.,-London 128 

Boult Brothers & Co., 38 King William Street, E.C Ixxxiii 

Bowman, James, 22 Square, Huntly, Aberdeenshire, N.B 28, 48 

Boyd, William, F.R.S.E., Peterhoad, N-B 37 

Boyes, William, 28 High Street, Peokham, S.E 10 

Boyle, J. S., Forfar, and Gourdon by Bervie, N.B G9 

Boyle, Robert, & Son, 64 Holborn Viaduct, E.C 28 

Bracey & Sou, Yarmouth 23 

Bradford, W. H., Great Saughall, near Chester 23, 47 

Braiue, Frank, Kensington 114 

Brand, H. & E., Broad Bow and Trinity Quay, Great Yarmouth 60 

Brand, H. W., 58 Charlwood St., S.W 69 

Brassey, Lady, Normanhurst Court, Battle, Sussex 43, 79, 100 

Braydon, Thomas, Ramsey , ' 131 

Brazenor, Charles, 39 Lewes Road, Brighton -100 

Brazier, Albert, South wick, Brighton, Sussex 90, 101 

Breauski, Gustave D., Cookham, Berks xcii 

Brebner, Thomas, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire 63 

Brewetnall, 1 The Mall, Haverstock Hill , N.W xcvii 

Bridgman, H. H., F.R.I.B.A., Cayley, J. J., and Boyes, J., 42 Poultry, E.C 71 

Brighton Aquarium Company Ixxxiii, 105, 114 

Briscoe, W. W., 2 Walters Road, South Norwood xcii 

Britannia Steam Shipping Company, Limited, 4 Princess Street, Scarborough 15 

British and Foreign Bible Society, 146 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 64 

British & Foreign Boat-Lowering Apparatus Co., 11 West India Dock Rd., Limehouse, E. 39 

British Electric Light Company, Turk's Head Yard, Turnmill Street, E.C xc 

Bromell, William, 8 Egerton Grove, Hulme, Manchester 45 

Brooke, J. W., Adrian Works, Lowestoft 82 

Brooks, C. & R., 10 Edgcunibe Street, Stonehouse, Plymouth 11 

Brooks, H. F., 60 South Quay, Great Yarmouth 12 

Brooks, Thomas, 3 St. Helen's Terrace, Alexandra Park, N xcii 

Brookwell, H. G., 15 Belrnont Villas, Leyton Road, Leyton 

Brotherston, Andrew, Shedden Park Road, Kelso, N.B 100, 105 

Brown, Alfred H., 1 Waterloo Place, Pall Mall, S.W 15 

Brown, J. M., Haddington, Scotland 95 

Browning, Robert Barrett, 19 Warwick Crescent, W xcil 

Bruntou, John, M.A., M.D., 21 Euston Road, N.W 55, 105 

Bryer, J., & Sons, 104 Minories, London, E.C 

Buchanan, James, 58 to 62 Dales Street, Tradeston, Glasgow 13 

Budge, W. H., 1 Queen's Gate Place Mews, S.W 105 

Buik, J. H., & Co., South Rope Works, Wick 

Bullivant & Co., 72 Mark Lane, E.C 2 * 

Bumsted & Co., D., 36 King William Street, London Bridge, E.C 74 

Bundock, Thomas A., Leigh, near Southend-on-Sea, Essex 23 

Bunn, Henry Howard, Palmerston House, Ventnor, Isle of Wight 1 J 

Burdett-Coutts, W., 1 Stratton Street, Piccadilly, W 

Burgess, John,& Son, 107 Strand, W.C 

Burgoine, C. & A., Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey 

Burroughs, Lieut.-Gea. F. W. Traill, C.B., Rousay, Orkney, N.B 100, 11 

Burt, F. A., 56 Grosvcnor Road, Westminster, S.W 2 

Burton, J., Plymouth Jj 

Burton, H. J., & Son, 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, W 14 !1 

Burwood, James, & Co,, South Denes Road, Gt. Yarmouth 

Busb, Mrs. Isaac, Alma Street, Wivenhoe, iir. Colchester, Essex 

Bussell, Charles, Gibbs & Co., 76 Wells Street, Oxford Street, W Ixxxll 3 

Butler, Joseph, True Waltonian Society, White Horse, 80 Liverpool Road, L 

Butt, George F., 49 Wigmore Street, W ll1 *' "J 

Bygrave, John, Fish Dock Road, Grimsby 

Cafe, T. W., 46 Clifton Hill, St. John's Wood , x 



xlii Index to British Exhibitors. 



Call, Kichard, Newcastle-on-Tyne 90 

Calcott, W. J., 48 Flanders Road, Chiswick xcii 

Calderwood, Robert, Greenock, Scotland 69 

Callaghan, James, 36 St. Mary-at-Hill, E.C 105 

Callender Bitumen Telegraph and Waterproof Company, Limited 105 

Galley & Co., 148 Fenchurch Street, E.C 60 

Cameron, H., R.S.A., 22 West Cromwell Road, S.W xciii 

Cameron, Major E. H., 106 Herbert Road, Woolwich 31 

Campbell, Lord Colin, 79 Cadogan Place, S.W , 105 

Campbell, Robert, 13 Breadalbane Crescent, Pulteneytown, Wick, N.B 71 

Campion, Robert, 3 Comber's Terrace, Brixham 105 

Capel, Charles Cecil, Cray Fishery, Foots Cray, Kent 90, 95, 121 

Carey, William Henry, 9 London Street, E.C Ixxxiii 

Carr, Holmes, Sons & Co 71 

Carr, Mrs. Walter Paterson, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 105, 116 

Carr, William Graham, & Son, 63 High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 73, 74 

Carrington, J. T., F.L.S., Royal Aquarium, Westminster 104 

Carter, A., & Sons, 137 St. John Street Road, E.C 55 

Cartwright, W. C., 27 St. Mary Axe, E.C 105 

Casella, L., 147 High Holborn, E.C 34 

Cathcart, Lady Gordon 35 

Cator, Rear-Admiral R, P., Langley Farm, Beckenham, Kent 30 

Chadburn & Son, 96 Fenchurch Street, E.C 31 

Chamberlin, W xcv 

Chambers, George, 37 Fenchurch Street, E.C 105 

Chambers, Oldharn & Willins, Bank Plain, Norwich 63, 71 

Chambers, W. Oldham, F.L.S., Lowestoft 90, 92, 123 

Chard, John, Falmouth , 127, 128 

Charles, J. S., 9 Lower Grosvenor Place, S.W 72 

Chisim, Angus, 140 & 144 Corporation Street, Belfast 60 

Cholmondeley-Pennell, H., 5 Cadogan Terrace, S.W Ill, 122 

Chorlton & Dugdale, 19 Blackfriars Street, Manchester ,.,.. 32 

Chubb & Son's Lock & Safe Company, Limited, 128 Queen Victoria St., E.C Ixxxiii 

Clack, T., Vernon Lodge, Wellesley Road, Turnham Green xcvii 

Clarbour, F., 150 Wellington Street, Glasgow 29 

Clark, Bunnett & Co., Limited, Rathbone Place, W 85, 86, 123 

Clark, Joseph, 396 Camden Road, N.W xciii 

Clark, John, 17 Royal Exchange Square, Glasgow 94, 101 

Claxton, Marshall xciii 

Clay, Sir Arthur, Bart., Burrows Lea, Gomshall, Surrey xciii 

Clifford, J. W., Three Colts, Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green, E 105 

Climo, Joseph E., Fowey 126, 127, 128 

Clowes & Sons, Duke Street, Stamford Street, S.E. Ixxxiii, 82 

Coalbrookdale Company, The, Limited, Holborn Viaduct, E.C Ixxxiii 

Cobbold, Spencer, T., 74 Portsdown Road, Maida Hill, N.W 105 

Cobura, Frederick, 7 Holloway Head, Birmingham 105 

Cochrane, A. L xciii 

Cocks, A., Heneage 116 

Coker, J., Paragon Railway Station, Hull 106 

Collins, Leonard, Port Isaac 121 

Collinson, H. L., 20 Hereford Square, South Kensington, S.W xciii 

Collinson, R., 20 Hereford Square, South Kensington, S.W xciii 

Col well, Charles, Rothsay Villa, Southtown, Great Yarmouth 45 

Constantino, S. J., 61 Fleet Street, E.C 34 

Convivial Angling Society, Bull and Bell, Ropemaker Street, Finsbury, E.C 106 

Cook, James, 3 Moss Street, Paisley, N.B 100 

Cook, J. W xcvi 

Cooke, Arthur, 339 Oxford Street, W 56 

Cooke, T., & Son, 30 Museum Street, W 116 

Cooper, A. W., 7 Manor Road, Twickenham xciii, xcviii 

Cooper, Davis, 103 Gower Street, W.C xciii 

Cooper, T. W., & Son, 10 Answell Street, Clerkenwell 27 

Cooper, W. R 20 

Copeman, E. S., Downham Market, Norfolk, and 4 Victoria Street, Westminster, S.W. ... 40 

Corbett, John, M.P., Stoke Works, Worcestershire 74 

Cording, George, 125 Regent Street, and 231 Strand, W.C 18, 58 



Index to British Exhibitors. xliii 

PAGB 

Cording, J. 0., & Co., 19 Piccadilly, W 22, 57 

Cormack, John, Lybster, N.B 71 

Cormack, Thos., & Sons, Eyemouth 73 

Cornilleau, L., La Trinite-sur-Mer, Morbihan 89 

Cornish Sardine Company, Mevagissey 69, 128 

Cornwall County Committee 11, 25, 34, 62, 126 

Corrin Brothers, Peel 131 

Cotton, Miss, Newlyn 128 

Court, Charles, Plymouth Works, Kedditch 57 

Cowper, R., 3 The Residences, South Kensington, S.W xcviii 

Cox, F. E., St. John Street, Bedford Bow, W.C xciii 

Cox, John, Cadgwith 126 

Craft, Percy R., Stanmore Lodge, Penge Lane, Sydenham xciii 

Cragg, J. S., Lowestoft 12 

Craib, James, & Son, 20 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B 60 

Craine, John, Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

Crawford, A. O., Wick 71 

Creasy, R. G. N., 27 Clement's Lane, Lombard Street, E.C 20 

Cresswell, Henry, Liverpool Road, Islington 106 

Creswell,R. & Co., Red Lion Square, W.C 77 

Critchfield, A. C., 1 Pownall Road, Queen's Road, E 106 

Crittcn, Henry, Cobholm, Southtown, Yarmouth 21, 45 

Crofton Commander the Honourable F. G., R.N., Harbour House, Kingstown, Ireland... 47 

Crosse & Blackwell, Soho Square, W i Ixxxiv, 68 

Crossley Brothers, 24 Poultry, E.C Ixxxiv 

Grossman, James H., 31 Curzon Street, Mayfair, W 126 

Crowley, J. William, 20 Cloudesley Square, N 109 

Cullin, J. R,, 18 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, W Ixxxv 

Cullum, H. J., 10 Harley Street, Battersea 106 

Cummins, William John, Bishop Auckland 51 

Currie, Sir Donald, K.C.M.G., M.P xciv 

Curtin, Fergus, Mucknish Castle, Burren Oranmore, Ireland 

Curtis, E., Jun., Mortimer Lodge, Upton, Essex 106 

Da Costa, Hyman, 18 Peter Street, Tyssen Street, Bethnal Green 106 

Dales, John T., 287 Crystal Palace Road, S.E 

Damon, Robert, 4 Pulteney, Weymouth 1^ 

Darnell, James W., 123 Lower Thames Street, E.C 72 

Davey, Paxman & Co., Colchester Ixxxiv, 82 

Davidson, George & William, 18 Regent Quay, Aberdeen 12, 51 

Davidson, John, Wick, N.B 78 

Davidson, Pirie & Co., Leith , 71 

Davidson, William, Jun., Pulteneytown, Wick 72 

Davie, John Hunter, of the West London Angling' Club, 49 Shaftesbury Road, Hammer- 
smith, W ; ; 

Davies, James, Newlyn 126 

Davis, A. A., 46 Buckingham Road, Southgate Road, London, N 76 

Davis & Co., 24 Moorgate Street, London, E.C 

Davis & London, 135 Tottenham Court Road, W 42 

Davis, Frederick, 5 Wentworth Terrace, Forest Road, Nottingham 7 

Davis, John, 6 King's Terrace, Back of Walls, Southampton 

Davis, Joseph, & Co., Fitzroy Works, Kennington Park Road, S.E Ixxxiv, 34 

Davis, J. T., Coborn Road, Bow, E 2 

Davis, Stephen, 50 Fann Street, Aldersgate Street, E.C 7.8 

Day, Dr. Francis, Kenil worth House, Pitville, Cheltenham 106, 117 

Day, William, & Co., Blackheath, S.E 

Dean, G. A., Ramsey, Isle of Man 1 *J 

Dean, John R., 424 Strand, W.C. l 

Dean, Mrs. Elizabeth, Godwin Road, Hastings 
Deards, W. & S., Harlow, Essex 

De Caux, J. W., Great Yarmouth 7 > ~J 

De Corbigny, H., Auray, Morbihan 

De Giovanni, G., Cavaliere, 38 Wellington Street, Camden Town, N. W ' ? 

De Jacobis, Rinaldo, 215 St. John Street, Clerkenwell, E.C 'J 

De la Richerie, G. G., 4 Rue Cale Ory, Lorient 

Dent, E., 61 Strand, W.C 

Dent, Edwin, 6 New St. Mark Street, Dansome Lane, Hull 

Derby, C. II xcvm 



xliv Index to British Exhibitors. 

PAGE 

Dickenson, J. E., 33 Peter's Lane, Liverpool 30 

Dickson & Kenwick, of London, Liverpool, and Glasgow 66 

Dilnot, G., Hayling North, Havant, Hants 

Dixon, Corbitt & Spencer, Gateshead-upon-Tyne 24 

Dobb, Henry, Westbonrne Grove, W Ixxxiii 

Dockar, Alexander, Garmouth by Fochabers, N.B 20 

Dodman, Alfred, Higbgate Foundry, King's Lynn 83 

Dohrn, Dr., Naples 101 

Dollond & Co., St. Paul's Churchyard, E.C 32 

Donaldson, Robert, 5 Quay, Dumbarton, N.B 22 

Dore, J. W., George Street, Hanover Square, W 58 

Doull, George, Fish Carer, Wick, Caithness, Scotland 72 

Doulton & Co., Lambeth, S.W 57 

Downing, T. H. & Co., Leicester 58 

Drake, J., 37 Burghley Road, Highgate Road, N 100 

Dreevar, George, 78 Well Street, Oxford Street, W 115 

Drew & Cadrnan, 245 & 246 High Holborn, W.C 34 

Drew & Son, 30 Piccadilly Circus, W 56 

Droitwich Salt Co., Limited, 8 & 9 Lower Thames Street, E.C Ixxxiv, 74 

Duke, James, Bethlehem Street, Grimsby 9 

Duncan, Brothers, 32 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 84 

Dunn, Moses, Mevagissey 128 

Dyer & Robson,East Greenwich , 29 

Dyne & Evens, York Road, Limehouse, E 8 

Earl's Shipbuilding & Engineering Company, Limited, Hull 21 

Earlswood Asylum, Redhill, Surrey 126 

. Eastern Telegraph Company, Limited 124 

Easton, Edward; & William Russ 96 

Eastwood, G. J., Cheshunt, Herts 106, 116 

Eaton & Deller, 6 & 7 Crooked Lane, London Bridge, E.C 54 

Edgar, James, & Co., 23 Rood Lane, E.C.; and North End Factory, Deal 68 

Edgington, Benjamin, 2 Duke Street, London Bridge, S.E 25, 29, 36 

Edinburgh,.H.R.H. the Duke of, K.G xcvii, 11, 20, 41, 101, 113 

Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh : Prof. T. C. Archer, Director 93 

Edinburgh Roperie & Sailcloth Co., Bath St., Leith, and Dennistown Ropework, 

Glasgow '. 10, 25 

Edmiston & Son, 14 Cockspur Street, S.W 58 

Edmunds, Henry, Victoria Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W xc 

Edmunds, Joseph, 134 Pentonville Road, N Ixxxiv, 63, 69 

Edwards, Edwin (the late), care of Mrs. Edwards, 26 Golden Square, W xciii 

Edwards, Henry, 100 High Street, Kingslaud, E 106 

Eedle, J., 40 Goldsmith Row, Hackney Road, N 103 

Eedle, Thomas, 40 Goldsmith Row, Hackney Road, N 106, 115, 116 

Eiloart, E. G., 33 George Street, Hanover Square, W 106 

Electrical Fuze and Sound Signal Co 35 

Electric Light Supply Company, Limited, 28 York Street, S.W xc 

Electric Motor Syndicate, I & 3 Copthall Buildings, E.C 27 

Electrical Power and Light Contract Agency, 57 Gracechurch Street, E.C xc 

Electrical Power Storage Company, The, Great Winchester Street Buildings, E.C xc 

Elkington & Co., Regent Street, W., and Birmingham Ixxxiv 

Ellis, John, Pritchard's Arms, Hackney Road 106 

Elphinstone-Vincent, Messrs xc 

Emery, Lewis, Sherringham, Norwich 23, 41 

Engine House 124 

English, Joseph, Crumlin, co. Antrim, Ireland 51 

Erne Fisheries, Ballyshannon, co. Donegal, Ireland 57, 94, 106 

Erskine, Nicol, A.R.A., 24 Dawson Place, W xciii 

Excelsior Tin Plate Company, Gravel Lane, S.E 27 

Exeter, The Marquis of, Burghley House, Stamford 21, 90, 100, 121, 123 

Extended Trawl Net 124 

Eyre, Henry Binford, Elgin Lodge, Weybridge 116 

Eyre, J., 24 Beaufort Street, Chelsea xc 

Faber, G. L., H.M.'s Consulate, Fiume 121 

Fagg Brothers, 29 Haymarket 58 

Fail-brass, Herbert W., Canterbury 23 

Fairman, Frances C., Frognal, Sunuinghill, Berks xcviii 

Fairs, J xcvi 



Index to British Exhibitors. 



PAGE 

Faithful, James, Houghton, Hants ...................................................................... 57 

Farlow, Charles, & Co., 191 Strand, W.C ................................................................ 52 

Farren, W .............................................................................................. -....'..'.'.'. xciii 

Featherstone, K., Aldershot .............................................. ................................. .. 109 

Fellows, H. & Son, Great Yarmouth ............................................................... 15, 19, 127 

Ferguson, Mary, Millhill House, Musselburgh, N.B ................................................. 7g 

Ferranti, Thompson & luce, 3 Fenchurch Avenue, E.C ........................................ xc 

Ffennell, Henry, 8 Powis Gardens, W ................................................................ 57 

Field, Basil, 36 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C ............................................................. 54 

Findlay, George, Whitehills, Banff, Scotland .......................................... xcvi, 12, 20, 101 

Fisher, A. E., care of Mr. Hensman, 33 Harley Street, \V ........................................... xciii 

Fisher, Dan, Wheeler Street, Witley, Surrey ......................................................... xciii 

Fisheries Preservation Association, H. A. Kinloch, Secretary, 11 Seymour Street, 

Portman Square, W .................................................................................. 51, 94 

Fishery Board for Scotland, Edinburgh ............................................................... G6, 121 

Fishmongers Company .............................................. , ..................................... Ixxxix 

Fitzgerald, Major Purefoy, North Hall, near Basingstoke ........................... . .............. 1H 

Fleming, James, 10 Grant Street, Inverness, N.B .................................................... 15 

Flett, James, Queen Street, Branderburgh, Morayshire ............................................. 12 

Folkestone (Mayor of) ...................................................................................... 7 

Foot, W., 21 Waterside North, Lincoln .................................................................. 106 

Foote, Henry G. B. W., Millfort, Mallow, Ireland ................................................... 50 

Forbes, Annie A., 10 Coburg Place, Bayswater Eoad, W ........................................ xciii 

Forbes, J. S .................................................................................................... xciv 

Forbes, William, 33 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B ....................................................... 60 

Fordyce, John, Garden stown, Banfishire ............................................................... 13 

Forrest & Sons, 35 Square, Kelso, N.B ................................................................... 52 

Forrestt & Son, Norway Yard, Limehouse, and Britannia Yard, Mill wall, E ................ 17, 40 

Forrow, A. J., 12 Pulford Street, Pimlico, S.W ....................................................... 57 

Forster, D. & W. H., Ashbourn, Derbyshire ......................................................... 53, 121 

Foster, Major Robert, 10 Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin ....................................... 106 

Fowler, William, Rose Street, Peterhead ............................................................... 8 

Fox, Captain H. C., Royal Thames Yacht Club ...................................................... 26 

Foyle and Bann Fisheries, Fishery Office, Londonderry, Ireland ................................. 51 

Francati and Santamaria, 65 Hatton Garden, W.C .................................................... 79 

Franck, S. M., 55 St. Mary Axe, London, E.C ................................................. 101, 104 

Fraser, A. B., & Co., 6 New Quay, Liverpool ......................................................... 34 

Fraser, Simon, 11 Huntly Place, Inverness, N.B ....................................................... 115 

Friendly Anglers' Society, The Albion, Albion Street, Hyde Park, W ......................... 106 

Frost, Brothers, 11 London Street, E.C ................................................................... 24 

Frost, E .......................................................................................................... xcvii 

Frost, Edwin D., Hackbridge, Carshalton, Surrey ................................................ Ixxxiv 

Frost. Mrs ................................................................................................. xcvi, xcvii 

Fry, C. E .......................................................................................................... xcvii 

Fryer, C. E., Home Office, S.W .............................................. . .......................... 73, 123 

Gage, Thomas, 53 Tyndall Street, Brixton, S.W ....................................................... 25 

Galbraith, W. R .............................................................................................. xcvi 

Galloway, William, Inveresk bv Edinburgh ............................................................ 117 

Gant,J. W ......................... .*. ............................................................................ 309 

Gardner, James, 29 Oxford Street, W ............................................................. 114, 116 

Gardner, Miss, Hampstead, N.W ......................................................................... 100 

Garland, H., 3 Woodfield Terrace, Harrow Road, W ................................................. xciii 

Garriock & Co., Shetland .................................................................................... 72 

Garrood, Charles, South Lodge, Forest Hill, S.E .................................................... 21 

Gathercole, George, 112 Akerman Road, Brixton ................................................... 307 

Gaynor & Son, 10 Royal Terrace, Richmond-on-Thames, .......................................... 56 

Geard, Mrs., Newlyn .......................................................................................... 127 

Gearing, Arthur, 12 Werrington Street, N.W ......................... . ................................ 15 

Geddes, James, Macduff, Scotland ..................................................................... G9, 72 

Geddes, Wm., Gowanbrae Cottage, Blairgowrie ...................................................... xciii 

Gedney, C. W., Bromley, Kent ........................................................................... 107 

Gehrling & Son, 32 Pembroke Street, Caledonian Road, N ........................................ 55 

Gems & Co., 94 East Street, Manchester Square, W ................................................. 51 

General Horticultural Company, The (John Wills) Limited, 54 Regent Street, W ....... Ixxxix 

George, Alfred, 2 Dempsey Street, Commercial Road, E .......................................... 107 

George, J. B., St. Mawes .................................................................................... 326 

George, M., Land's End .............................. .,, ................................................... 12 7 



xlvi Index to British Exhibitors. 

PAGE 

Gerard Electric Light and Power Company, Limited, Paris xc 

Gerhard, Haas, Cleve, Germany 14 

Gerrard, Edward, Jim., 31 College Place, Camden Town N.W 118 

Gibbs, Florence, M 121 

Gibson, J., Penzance 127 

Gilding and Silvering Company, 89 Edgware Koad, W 35, 83 

Giles, B., & Co., Hotwater and Sanitary Engineers, Blackheath, S.E Ixxxiv 

Gill, Alexander, Selwyn Koad, High Cross Lane, Tottenham N 107 

Gillett, John, 40 Fetter Lane, Holborn 107 

Gillig, F xciii 

Gillings, James, 19 Havelock Koad, Great Yarmouth 48, 72 

Gillon, John, & Co., Leith, N.B 68 

Gillow & Co., 406 Oxford Street, W hxxv 

Giobertini & Co 77 

Gold, G. J., 82 Leonard Street, Finsbury, N xcviii 

Gold, John Edwin, 284 Waterloo Road, S.E 56 

Goldsmith, H., Ramsey, Isle of Man 131,133,134 

Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' Company, 112 Regent Street, W 78, 79 

Good Intent Angling Society, The Crown Inn, Church 107 

Goode, Thomas, & Co., 17, 18 & 19 South Audley Street, W Ixxxv 

Gordon, Lord Granville, 1 Queen Anne Street, S.W 107 

Goundrey, John, 109 High Street, Oxford 107 

Gow 73 

Graham, T., Stanhope Yard, Delancey Street, N.W xciii 

Graves, Henry, Peel, Isle of Man 132, 133 

Gray, Henry, 55 Charlotte Street, Portland Place W 107 

Gray, J., & Son, 153 Edgware Road, W 42 

Gray, J. W., & Son, 115 Leadenhall Street, E.C 37 

Great Eastern Railway Co. : A. A. Langley, Chief Engineer, Liverpool St. Station, E.C. 35 

Great Northern Brothers Angling Society, 67 Southampton Street, Pentonville, N 107 

Greek & Co., 9 Rathbone Place, Oxford Street, W 75 

Green, Joseph, The Docks, Lerwick, Shetland 46 

Greenway, Clive, Vale, & Co., Birmingham 31 

Greenwood & Co., William, 60 Market Street, Manchester 63 

Gregory, James, Portland Works, Lincoln 32 

Gregory, James, 39 Vyse Street, Birmingham 56 

Gregory, James R., 88 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, W, 118 

Gresham Angling Society, Masons' Tavern, Masons' Avenue, Basinghall Street, E.C. 

xciv, 107, 122 

Gressy & Ezanno, Carnac, Morbihan 89 

Griffith, Rees Morris, Bridlington, East Yorks 37 

Griffiths, Berdoe, & Co. (The Sanitary Paint Company, Limited), 34, Leadenhall Street, 

E.C 29 

Griffiths, Robert, 54 Gresham Street, E.C 16 

Griffiths, Tom, 31 Rochester Road, N xciv 

Grimsby Coal, Salt, & Tanning Company, Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby 10, 15, 25, 35, 37 

Grimsby, Committee for * 9 

Grimsby Company 73 

Gulston, G. S., Bembridge Hall, Fareham 23 

Gulch er Electric Light Company, Limited, Battersea Foundry, S.W Ixxxix 

Gunn, E. W., Jun., 47 Upper St. Giles Street, Norwich 107 

Gunn, John, The Hermitage, Golspie, N.B 19 

Gunn, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich 107, 115, 116, 121 

Gurr, John, 5, Egbert Street, St. George's Road, Regent's Park, N.W 23 

Guy, J., Newlyn 128 

Hall, Dunbar & Co., St. Ninian C-olour Works, Leith, near Edinburgh 28 

Hall, John, 20 Shore, Macduff, N.B 62 

Hall, John, 15 High Street, Kensington W 73 

Hall, J. & E., 23 St. Swithin.''s Lane, E.G., and Dartford Iron Works, Kent ; 82 

Hall, W. H 47 

Haly, E. Falmouth 127 

Hamblin, Nathaniel, Jun., 57 Bow Lane, Poplar, E :>. 38 

Hamilton, Daniel, Upper Main Street, Duubar, N.B 17 

Hamilton, The Marquis of, 2 Belgrave Square, W 18, 107 

Hammond, R. C., 11 Stourcliffe Street, Edgware Road, W 42 

Handyside, Andrew & Co., Limited, Britannia Iron Works, Derby, and 32 Walbrook, E.C. Ixxxv 
Harding, Charles W., Assoc. M. lust. C.E., King's Lynn, Norfolk 107, 122 



Index to British Exhibitors. xlvii 



PAGE 

Hardy Brothers, Feukle Street, Alnwick, Northumberland 53 

Harland, H. S., Staubridge, Staplefield^Crawley 47 

Harper & Co., Albion Iron Works, Aberdeen 35 

Harrison, Richard, Port St. Mary 132 

Harrison, W., 128 Portland Street, Manchester 36 

Harvie, W., & Co., Broomielaw, Glasgow 29 

Haslam Foundry and Engineering Company, Limited, Union Foundry, Derby 85 

Haslett & Thompson, 122 Southampton Eow, W.C 30 

Hawkins and Tipson, 52 & 53 Crutched Friars, E.C 24 

Hawksley, A., 2 Queen's Koad Studio, St. John's Wood, N.W xciv 

Hawthorns & Co., Leith, N.B 15 

Haycock, W. E xciv 

Hayes & Son, Stamford 69 

Hayes, Edwin, R.H.Ai, Briscoe House, Steele's Koad, S.W xciv 

Hayes, John, 27 Leadenhall Street, E.C 96 

Hayes, Mr., Agent for Fromentin's Patent Ixxxv 

Haylhear, J., Castle Priory, Wallingford xciv 

Haylock, L., 272 Victoria Street, Grimsby 58 

Hayne, James, Port Isaac 128 

Hayward, Richard, & Co., Crewkerne, Somerset, & 93, Minories, E 25 

Hay ward, Richard, & Sons, West Chinnock, and Tail Mills, Somerset 25 

Hayward, Thomas, 275 Kennington Road, S.E 107 

Hazeland, S. S., Fowey 127 

Head, Henry, & Co., 85 Gracechurch Street, E.C Ixxxv 

Hearder & Son, 195 Union Street, Plymouth 10 

Hearns, Jim, Mill Street, Ballina, co. Mayo 53 

Heath & Co., Limited, 28 Fenchurch Street, E.C 32 

Heath, Henry, 105 & 107 Oxford Street, W 58 

Heathorn, Capt. T. B., 10 Wilton Place, Knightsbridge, S.W 28 

Hedgcock, F. J., 34 Great Ormond Street, Queen's Square, W 38 

Helstrip, 0., 13 St. Saviour's Place, York 115, 117 

Helyear, Thomas, West Street, Bridport 36 

Hemming, T. & Son, Windsor Mills, Redditch 13, 57 

Hemy, C. N., 1 Park Terrace, Falmouth xciv 

Hemy, C. N., Myrtle Lodge, North End, Fulham, S.W xc 

Hemy, T. M., 6 Alma Square, Abbey Road, N.W xciv, xcviii 

Henderson, J., 227 Hope Street, Glasgow xciv 

Hendrick, Edward, Douglas 133 

Henry, Alexander, 12 South St. Andrew Street, Edinburgh ,. 8 

Henry, James Hay, The Pharmacy, Macduff, N.B 60, 62, 73 

Her Majesty the Queen 120 

Herkomer, Herbert, A.R.A., Dyneham, Bushey xcviii 

Hermann, James, 12 Edward Street, Hampstead Road, N.W 79 

Heron, T., Pump Street Works, London Road, Manchester 28 

Hewitt, Sir Harold, Bart., Salcombe 128 

Hicks, John, 6 Breed's Place, Hastings 37 

Hicks, William, Looe 128 

Hill & Clark, 6 Westminster Chambers, S.W 41 

Hills & Honey, Port Isaac 126 

Hilton, William Henry, 130 Victoria Street, Bristol 71 

Hindley, Edward. Bourton, Dorset 

Hine, Parker, & Co., 14 Milk Street, E.C 

Hoad, James C., jun., Rye, Sussex 17 

Hoban, William, Callan, Ireland 55 

Hobbs, Hart, & Co., Cheapside, E.C lxxx v 

Hodges, W. J., Aucuba Villa, Lavender Hill, S.W xcviii, 107, 115 

Hodgson, J. E., R.A., 10 Hill Road, Abbey Road, N.W xciv 

Hodgson, J. W., 48 Redbourne Street, Hull, 

Hogarth, Ronald, Saltcoats, near Manchester 1^ 

Holdsworth, E. W. H., 40 Pall Mall, S.W m 

Holloway, C. E., 36 Gloster Road, Regent's Park, N.W xciv 

Holmes, N. J., 8 Great Winchester Street, E.C 

Holmes, R. & Son, Berwick-on-Tweed 73 

Holroyd, E. A., 59 Gracechurch Street, E.C 5 . J 

Holroyd, E. A., 2 Cricklewood Lane, N.W XC1 J 

Holt, Eardley Chauncy, The Cottage, East Sheen, Mortlake, Surrey 



xlviii Index to British Exhibitors. 



Home, Miss, Hampton Park, Hereford 56 

Hopkins, A., 22 St. Ann's Villas, Netting Hill, W xcviii 

Horsley, Charles W., Fakenham, Norfolk 108 

Horticultural Company, The General, Onslow Crescent, S.W Ixxxv 

Hovell, Bexfield W., Bedford Street, Norwich 56 

Houghton, Rev. William, M.A., F.L.S., Preston Rectory, Wellington, Shropshire 117 

Hounsell, Herbert E., Bridport, Dorset 11 

Hounsell, William, & Co., North Mills, Bridport 11 

Howard, G. W., 85 High Street, Battersea, S.W xciv 

Howarth, Samuel, 181 and 185 Station Street, Burton-on-Trent 56 

Hewlett, W., High Street, Newmarket Ixxxv, 77, 108, 116 

Hoxton Brothers Angling Society, Cherry Tree, Kingsland Road, N 108 

Hubbuck, Thomas, & Son, 24 Lime Street, E.C 80 

Hudson, Robert, Blyth 37 

Hudwell, Clark, & Co., Leeds Ixxxv 

Hughes, H. P : 108 

Hughes, Henry, & Son, 59 Fenclmrch Street, E.C 26 

Hughes, T. S., Foxley Road, North Brixton, S.W 108 

Hugrnon, J. 0., 1 Montague Street, Church Lano, Hammersmith, W 95 

Humble, William, & Son, Limekiln Shore, North Shields, Northumberland 38 

Humphreys, W., Newlyn 126 

Hume, E., South Harsing, Petersfield xciv, xcviii 

Humphreys, J. C., Albert Gate, High Road, Knightsbridge Lxxxvi, 78, 123 

Hunt, A. A., Blackheath Park xcviii 

Hunter, G. S., 209 King Street, Aberdeen xciv 

Hunter, John, 14 Melbury Road, Kensington, W xciv 

Hurd, Richard, 6 York Buildings, Eastbourne, Sussex 14 

Hutchinson, A., & Co., 4 Great Winchester Street, E.C 28, 58 

Hyde, W., Derby, Witney, Oxoii 56 

Ide, William, Boguor, Sussex 14 

Ihlee & Home, 31 Aldermanbury, E.C 27 

Indestructible Paint Building United Asbestos Co., 161 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 123 

Indestructible Paint Company, 27 Cannon Street, E.C 30 

Ingram, R., Brock Farm Cottage, North Shields 17 

Inspectors of Irish Fisheries, Dublin Castle, Dublin 122 

Insular Government of the Isle of Man 134 

Irvine, Francis, 14 Skene Street, Macduff, N.B 17 

Irving, William, Loch Fishery, Annan, N.B 11 

Isle of Man Steam Packet Company 132 

Israel, Joseph, The Hague, Holland xciv 

Izaak Walton Angling Society (The), the " Old King John's Head," Mansfield Street, 

Kiugsland Road, N ; 108 

Jablochkoff Electric Light and Power Co., Limited, 1 Gt. Winchester Stieet Buildings, E.C. xc 

Jackson (Agent), J. T. Grindrod, 2 Marine Terrace, New Brighton 22 

Jackson, R., Little Marlow, per Alfred G. Jardine 109 

Jacobs, E 108 

Jacobs, J., 80 Lower Thames Street and Billingsgate, E.C 73 

Jacques, John, Royal Aquarium, Westminster, S.W 76 

James, C. J., Newlyn 126 

James, E. C., British Yacht Fleet, Hythe, Hants 25 

Jamieson, William, 15 Pitt Street, Liverpool G9 

Jaques, R. D , 27 Bedford Row, W.C 46 

Jardine, Alfred George, 38 Old Change, E.C xcii, xciii, xcv, xcvi, 108, 116 . 

Jardine, Frederic, Jun 108 

Jardine, G. A ,. xciii 

Jardine, Mrs. Alfred, 18 Albion Square, Dalston, N 75 

Jarvis, W., Anstruther, N.B 16 

Jeans, John, 57 North Street, Poplar, E 18 

Johnson, Frank C., The Lodge, Brixham 21 

Johnson, J. W., & Sons, Great Yarmouth ; G2 

Johnson, W 126 

Johnston, William, Scalloway, Shelland, N.B 22 

Jones, Captain A. J., 2 Sandown Terrace, Chester 13 

Jones, C. M., 145 Chesterton Road, W xciv 

Jones, E. Percy S., Rother Ironworks Company, Limited, Rye, Sussex 15 

Jones, F., & Co , 84 



Index to British Exhibitors. xlii 

PACK 

Jones, John, Queen Street, Filey, Yorks 13 

Jones, W., 10 Eastbro', Scarborough 11, 36 

Jopling, J. M., 28 Beaufort Street, Chelsea, S.W xcviii 

Jopling, Mrs. Louise, Beaufort Street, Chelsea, S.W xciv 

Joughin, John, Peel, I.M 131 

Kelly & Sons, Wick, Scotland 73 

Kelson, George M., Colville Mansions, Bayswater, W 57 

Kemp, Kobert, Juu., Mutford Bridge, Lowestoft, Suffolk , 22 

Kennedy, C. N., 192 Alexandra Road, N.W xciv 

Kerans, L. C xcv 

Kerkin, J., Mevagissey 127 

Kermode, P. M. C., Kamsey, Isle of Man 134 

Kessell & Son, 11 Southwark Street, Borough, S.E 94 

Kew, Thomas John, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk ; 47 

Keymer, H. J. C., The Fisheries Iron Works, Great Yarmouth 20, 84 

King, George Hoadley, 165 Great Portland Street, W.'. 14, 95, 96, 109 

King, Haynes, Camden Studios, Camden Street, N.W xciv 

King, J., & Co., Boat Builders, 3 Colt Street, Limehouse, E 21, 41 

King, Kobert, Teddingtou (per Alfred G. Jardine, Esq.) 109 

King, Kobert, 32 Sussex Place, South Kensington, S.W 68, 69 

King, W., 30 Hard wick Street, Dublin 77 

King, W., 1 New Road, Commercial Road, E 74 

Kingsford, Courtney, Lea Chemical Works, Victoria Park, E 82 

Kinvig, T. H., Capetown, Isle of Man t 134 

Kitchen, H. F., Newlyn 126 

Kite, C., & Co., Chalton Street, N.W 28 

Kitto & Sons, Porthleveu 126 

Kneale, William Hardy, Ramsey, I.M 133 

Knechtli, John, 6 Carey Lane, E.C '. '. 109 

Knell, A., 15 The Grotto, Cliftonville, Margate . xciv 

Knell, W. C xciv 

Knight, A. R., Summerwell Place, West Green, Tottenham, N. xciv 

Knight, Mrs. Carmel 124 

Knowles & Knowles, Zebu Works, Southcoates, Hull 7 

Knowles, Davidson, 11 Munster Terrace, Fulham, S.W xciv 

Knowles, James, Cambridge 122 

Knowles, James, Stonehaven, Scotland 71 

Knowles, W., 53 Moscow Road, Bayswater, W , 124 

Knox, William, Douglas 132, 133 

Lacey, Linch, & Son, Custom House Station, Victoria Docks, and 4 Goulden St., Battersea 11 

Lacey, Richard G., 27 Wayford Street, Battersea, S.W ; 45 

Lafargue, Alphonse, Palace Chambers, 9 Bridge Street, Westminster, S.W 28 

Lamarzelle, G. de, Vannes, Morbihan 89 

Lamb, C. S. (Mrs.), 76 Clifton Hill, St. John's Wood, N.W 77 

Lamb, J. M., & Co., 119 Finchley Road, N.W 25 

Lambart, Lieut-Col. Hon. O. G., 10 Cliff Parade, Southend-on-Sea 43 

Lancaster, C., 151 New Bond Street, W 31 

Larkin, S., 12 Billingsgate Market, E.C 15 

Lascelles, W. H. & Co., 121 Bunhill Row, E.C Ixxxvi 

Latham, A. W., & Co., as Agents, 17 Philpot Lane, E.C 68 

Laughrin, William, Polperro, Cornwall 74, 101, 103, 109, 117, 126, 129 

Laurence, John Robert, Fair Isle, Shetland '. 46 

Law & Son, Great Berkhamsted, Herts Ixxxix 

Lawrence 73 

Lawrence, W. T., 26 Old Compton Street, Soho, W xcviii 

Lawrenceson, L., Lerwick, Shetland 63 

Layard, J. G., 40 Millson Road, W. Kensington, W 109 

Lea, H., 24 Arthur Street, W.C xcv 

Lee and Wight, Tweedmouth, Berwick-on-Tweed 20 

Lee, Charles, & Son, Royal Vineyard Nurseries, Hammersmith, W Ixxxix 

Lee, George Henry, & Co., 22 to 34 Basnett Street, Liverpool Ixxxvi 

Lee, Henry, Margate 13, 75, 100, 102, 103, 117, 118 

Leeds, Lewis W., 38 Old Jewry, E.C 

Leeman, Joseph, Aberdeen 33 

Lefevre, L. H xciii, xcvi 

Leigh-Smith, R., 64 Gower Street, W.C , 18 

d 



1 Index to British ExUUtors. 



Le Boux, Dr. Les Sables d'Olonne, Vendee 89 

Leslie, John, Ropeworks, Macduff 12 

Leslie, W., & Hainblin, N., New Road, Black wall, E 38 

Levack, Donald, Aukengill by Wick, Caithness, N.B 14 

Lever, Charles, Culcheth Hall, Bowden, Cheshire Ixxxix 

Lewis, Abel, Photographer, Douglas 134 

Lewis, A., Cheyne House, Chelsea, S.W xcviii 

Lewis, Arthur, 2 Upper Cheyne Row, Chelsea, S.W xcv 

Lewis, C. J., Cheyne House, Chelsea, S.W xcv, xcviii 

Lewis, J. H , xcv 

Lewis, Marcus Hedges, Ham, near Newbury, Berkshire 109 

Liardet, John Evelyn, 8 Breakspears Eoad, Wickham Park, Brockley, S.E 34, 35 

Liardet, Leslie, 14 Fenchurch Street, E.C 35 

Liggins, H., 3 Ladbroke Square, Notting Hill, W 63, 115 

Lightfoot, Charles,-19 Dover Street, Sittingbourne 19 

Lindsay, W. N., Leith, N.B . 23 

Linklater, James, 60 Hotspur Street, Tynemoutb, Northumberland 39 

Linton, Andrew, 87 High Street, Edinburgh 13 

Linton, Kalph Tait, Edinburgh and Leith 63, 73, 75 

Little, G., & Co., 15 Fetter Lane, E.C 51 

Lodder, Captain xcv 

London and Leicester Hosiery Company, Limited, 41 Charterhouse Square, E.G., and 

Winifred Street, Leicester 35 

London Steam Ropery Company, 12 Upper East Smithfield, E 24 

London Stereoscopic Company Ixxxvi, 124 

Long, James, 14 Southwark Street, S.E 1G 

Looney, Edward, Ramsey, Isle of Man 132 

Louise, H.R.H. the Princess (Marchioness of Lome) ]09 

Love, J., & Son, Deuburn Rope Works, Kirkcaldy N.B 25 

Lovegrove, J., Slough Ixxxvi, 78 

Lovell, Matilda Sophie, Calke Abbey, Derby 101, 122 

Lovett, Edward, 55 George Street, Croydon -. 104 

Low & Duff, Albert Machine Works, Dundee 39 

Low, Sampson, Marston & Co., 188 Fleet Street, E.C 122 

Lowdon, James & Co., Frazerburgh, N.B 36 

Loynes, John, Elm Hill, Norwich 22 

Lucas, J. M., Tintern Lodge, Kew Gardens 22 

Lucas, Joseph, & Son, Little King Street, Birmingham 29 

Lucas, Kellor, Ramsey 132 

Ludovici, A., 24 Mornington Road, Regent's Park, N.W xcv 

Lumsden, Captain Robert, 12 Maiden Street, Peterhead 35 

Macarthur, Miss Blanche, 30 John Street, Bedford Row, W.C xcv 

Macarthur, Miss Mary, 30 John Street, Bedford Row, W.C xcv 

Macbeth, James, care of Mr. C. W. Deschamps, IA Old Bond Street, W xcv 

Macbeth, Robert W., A.R.A., 2 Wychcombe Studios, Englands Lane, -N.W xcv 

McCall, John, & Co., 137 Houndsditch, E.C 63 

McCarthy, Thomas, William Street, Cashel, co. Tipperary, Ireland 55 

McCombie, James, & Co., Peterhead, Scotland 69, 73 

McCreadie, G., Fort House, Ayr, N.B 51 

McCubbin, James, Port Street, Annan, N.B 23 

Macdonald, John H. A., 15 Abercromby Place, Edinburgh 33 

McEuan xciii 

Mclntosh, Harold Blyth, 98 Kent Street, Great Grimsby 9 

Mclntosh, Professor, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., University of St. Andrews, and Murthly, N.B. 102 

Mclntyre, J. W., 2 Market Place, Sheffield xcv 

Mackay, Andrew, 8 Crook o'Ness Street, Macduff, N.B 11 

Mackenzie, Capt. H. Somerset, R.N., 4 Gt. St. Helens, E.C 34 

Mackenzie, R., Master of Works, 48 Holborn Street, Aberdeen 63 

Mackenzie, W., 69 Ludgate Hill, E.C 122 

McLachlan, W. B., 21 McDowell Street, Edinburgh ; 101 

McLachlan, William, & Co., 42 East Clyde Street, Glasgow 16 

Maclean, Andrew, 51 Duke Street, Leith 69 

Maclean, J. Archibald, of Pennycross, Argyleshire, N.B 63 

McLennan & Owen, 67 Finsbury Park Road, N 29 

Macleod, B. B., 46 Clarges Street 23 

McMillan, Andrew, 33 Eton Street,, Hessle Road, Hull 20 



Index 16 British Exhibitors. 



PAGE 

McMullen, Walter James, 1 Ilkeston Villas, Ashbourne Grove, East Dulwich, S.E ... 54 

Macnab, P., 219 Maida Vale, N.W. xcv 

Macnee, James, Loch Tummel Side, Pitlochry, Perthshire 56, 110 

Maconochie Brothers, Raglan Works, Lowestoft, Suffolk 08 

Maculloch, James, 9 Harrington Square, N.W xcviii 

McTaggart, William, K.S.A., 24 Charlotte Square, Edinburgh xcv 

Maidenhead, Cookham and Bray Thames Angling Association 110 

Maignen, P. A., 22 and 23, Great Tower Street, E.C Ixxxvi 

Maitland, Sir James Karnsay-Gibson, Bart., Barnton 93 

Malcolm, G., Invergarry, Inverness 95 

Malloch, P. D., 209 High Street, Perth 7 55 

Manchester Cotton Twine-Spinning Company, Director, John Wilcock, 51 Corporation 

Street, Manchester 35 

Maim, T. J., The Grange, Bishop Stortford, Herts 15, 95, 110 

Mann, William, Newlyn 127 

Mantua and Montferrat, The Prince of 118 

Manufacturers' and Millowners' Mutual Aid Association, 5 Sanctuary, Westminster, 

S.W 96,124 

Maples, H. & E., Elmsford House, Spalding 77 

Mappin Bros., 222 Regent Street, W 75 

Mappia & Webb, Mansion House Buildings, City, and Oxford Street, London; & 

Sheffield 78 

Marchant, Mrs. H., 29 Tabor Grove, New Wimbledon 63 

Marks, William, 6 Highbury Quadrant, Highbury New Park, N 15 

Markwald & Co., 2 Talbot Court, Gracechurch Street, E.C 77 

Marriott, Mrs. E., 46, Raydon Street, Dartmouth Park Hill, Highgate, N 79 

Marsh, John Victor, 175 Piccadilly, W 78 

Marshall, John, 92 Peckham Park Road, S.E 78 

Martin, Alphonse, Kerrgurionne, Morbihan 89 

Martin, John Wm., 4 Northern Buildings, Lovers Lane, Newark-ori-Trent 56 

Massers, Albert, 30 Golden Square, W 100 

Massey, H., 41 Park Street, Grosvenor Square, W xcri 

Massey, J. Edward, 17 Chad well Street, E.C 32 

Matheson, Murdo, Scornie, N.B 8 

Mathews, Staverton, 105 Great Russell Street, W.C 110 

Matthews, Edward David, Windsor Castle Hotel, Hammersmith, W 110 

Matthews, W. J., Railway Tavern, Hampstead Heath, N.W 109 

Maude, C. J., Royal Mews, Hampton Court 110 

May, W. W., 34 Percy Street, W xcv, xcviii 

Meiter, C. W., & Co., 87 Gracechurch Street, E.C 19 

Melillo, G., Brighton 78 

Merryweather & Sons, Greenwich Road, S.E Ixxxvi 

Messum, E., & Sons, Lansdowne Boat House, Lower Road, Richmond, Surrey 19 

Mestag, H. VV., The Hague, Holland xcv 

Metaxa, Count and Countess, 9 Norwood Terrace, Southsea 15 

Metcalf & Wood, Albert Dock Locks, Hull 13 

Meteorological Office, 116 Victoria Street, S.W 43 

Methuen & Co., James, Leith, N.B 69 

Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association, 111 Victoria Street, 

Westminster, S.W Ixxxvi 

Miles, T. R., Camden Road Studios, N.W xcv 

Milne, William, Union Street, Aberdeen 54 

Milward, Henry, & Sons, Washford Mills, Redditch 52 

Mitchell, Andrew, & Co., Princes Square, Glasgow 25 

Mitchell, John, Whitby 71 

Mitchell, Robert, Port Isaac 127 

Mitchell & Muil, Aberdeen G3 

Mitchell & Son, Kirkcaldy, N.B 85 

Moir, James, 11 Upper Grove Place, Edinburgh 21 

Moir, John, & Son, Limited, 148 Leadenhall Street, E.C. Factories : London, Aberdeen, 

Seville (Spain), and Wilmington (Del. U.S.A.) 6 6 

Moloney, Alfred, C.M.G., Church Road, Richmond 

Monckton, Colonel F., Carlton Club, S.W 

Montalba, Miss Clara, 20 Stanley Crescent, W xcv 

Montalba, Miss Hilda, 20 Stanley Crescent, W *y 

Moore, A. W 

d 2 



lii Index to British Exhibitors. 



Moore Brothers, 36 Newsham Drive, Newsham Park, Liverpool 110 

Moore, H., 4 Sheffield Terrace, Kensington, W xcv, xcviii 

Moore, John, & Sons, 38 Clerkenwell Close, E.C Ixxxvi 

Moore, Josiah, & Sons, Sekfords Works, St. James's Walk, Clerkenwell, E.C Ixxxvi 

Moore, Robert L., D.L., Moleman, Londonderry 106 

Moore, Thomas, C. S., Peel 132 

Moore, W. F. & Son, Isle of Man 133 

Morgan, James Whisson, 277 Amhurst Road, Stoke Newington, N 110 

Morris, C. W., Harbour View, Lowestoft 7 

Morrison, William, & Sous, Engineers, Jane Street, Leith, Scotland 34 

Mortimer, M. A., 1'Blessington Street, Dublin 78 

Mowat, R., Lybster, N.B 71 

Mumford, A. G. & Co., Colchester Ixxxvi 

Mundahl, C. M., Fish Docks, Grimsby 18 

Murray, Alexander, Lossiemouth, Morayshire 11 

Murrish, J., Newlyn 126 

Myddelton, Sir Hugh, Angling Society, "Empress of Russia," St. John's Road, Clerken- 
well, E.C xcv, 110 

Nalty, T.'K, 46 St. German's Road, Forest Hill, S.E 110 

National Fish Culture Association 123 

National Industrial Home for Crippled Boys ' . 1 IK 

Native Guano Company, Limited, Sowa-re Works, Aylosbnry !"> 

Nautilus Club, Penzance ' 125 

Neal, John, 44-8 Edgware Road, W 78 

Needham, A. J., 14 The Terrace, Hammersmith, W 31, G2 

Negretti & Zambra, Holborn Viaduct, E.C 20 

Nestle, Henri, 9 Snow Hill, E.C 62 

Nestor, Augustine, 33 George Street, Limerick 110 

Newbury Angling Association .' 117 

Newbury & District Angling Association : 62 Northbrook Street, Newbury, Berks 109 

Newman, A., 19 Maddox Street, W 96 

Newton & Eskell, High Holborn 121 

Nibbs, R. H., 7 Buckingham Place, Brighton xcv, xcviii 

Nicholas, J., Land's End 127 

Nichols, Edward, Market Place, Norwich 118 

Niemann, G. F xcv 

Noble, Alexander, 55 Hanover Street, Fraserburgh. Aberdeenshire 30 

Noble, James, Wick, N.B 51 

Noel, Ludovic, 43 Frith Street, Soho,, W 68 

Norfolk and Suffolk Fish Acclimatisation Society, London Road, Lowestoft 92 

Norman, Phillip, 76 Onslow Gardens, S.W xcviii 

North- Western Angling Club : W. Hillier, Secretary, " Lord Southampton." Maitland 

Park, Haverstock Hill, N.W 110 

Nouge, Henri, Marennes , .'.. 89 

Nunn, Wm., & Co., 206 St. George Street, E 31 

Nuthall, Alfred, Thames Street, Kingston Ill 

Nutting & Co., 70 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham Ill 

O'Connor, 28 Abercorn Place, Maida Vale, W xcv, xcviii 

O'Fea, Daniel, Raslarkin, co. Antrim, Ireland 55 

Ogden & Scotford, 7 Portland Terrace, Pittville, Cliel tenhani 54 

O'Keefe, M. T., M.I.C.E.1 90 

Oldfield & Walton, Glasgow Ixxxvii 

Olsen, 0, T,, Fish Dock Road, Grimsby 27, 121 

Oisen, T., Fish Dock Road, Grimsby 122 

Olver, D., Looe 127, 128 

Orchar, J. G .- xcv 

Orchard, William, St. Austell ......''.......... 127 

Orkney, The Commissioners of Supply for 46 

Osborne, Charles & Co., 12 & 13 Whittall Street, Birmingham, and 3 Broad Street 

Buildings, Liverpool Street, E.C 9 

Osier, F. & Co., 100 Oxford Street, W Ixxxvii 

Oulman, Fils, & C., 1 Ely Place, Holborn Circus, E.C 77 

Overall, S., Son, & Co., 102 Lower Thames Street, E.C xcvi, 68, 69 

Overton, , Victoria Station, S.W 73 

Owen, Mo.styn 57 

Oyster Merchants' Company f ....,,'/........, f 94 



Index to British Exhibitors. liii 

PAGE 

Pain, James, 1 St. Mary Axe, E.C 33 

Palmer, Enoch., Cleethorpes Road, Grimsby 9 

Park, John, Fraserburgh, N.B 20 

Park, J. & T., Fraserburgh, N.B 66 

Parker, H. Ill 

Parker, William, Chairman of the Board of Conservators of the Eden Fishery District, 

Carlton Hill, Penrith 51 

Parrett, J. W., Forest Hill and Brockley Ixxxvii, 125 

Partridge and Cooper, 192 Fleet Street, E.C 31 

Patent Automatic Knitting Machine Co., 417 Oxford Street, W 35 

Patent Ferrule Company, Sheepcote Street, Birmingham 28 

Patent Victoria Stone Company, 283A Kingsland Koad, N Ixxxvii 

Paterson, Alexander, 8 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

Paterson, Andrew, 6 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

Paterson, George, 4 Market Street, Macduff, N.B , 14 

Paterson, William, 5 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 11 

Patrick, Stephen Melton, 103 Westborough, Scarborough 55 

Patton, Captain A. J., Alpha House, Alpha Koad, Regent's Park, N.W Ill 

Paynter, J., Bocastle 127 

Peacock & Buchan, Southampton and London 34 

Peel, Mrs., Trenant Park, Duloe 128 

Peneau, Joseph, 6 Martin's Lane, Cannon Street, E.C 68 

Penhey, William H., 4, Sherland Villas, Twickenham , 45 

Pennington, F., M.P xcv 

Perrin, Charles, Selsey, near Chichester, Sussex 14 

Perry, W. T. L., Penzance 68, 128 

Peterkiri, J. C. & Co., Lossiemouth, Elgin 17 

Pettie, J.,R.A., The Lothians, St. John's Avenue, N.W xcvi 

Pezzack, William, Newlyn 127 

Phillips, Brothers, and Son, 23 Cockspur Street, S.W 76 

Phillips, Thomas, & Co., 8 John's Market, Liverpool , 94 

Phillips & Pearce, 155 New Bond Street, W Ixxxvii 

Pickering, W. A., Special Commissioner, Straits Settlements 19 

Pichler, S. F., 162 Great Portland Street, W 47 

Pickhardt, G., 45 Crogsland Road, N.W Ill 

Pickwell, Robert, C.E., Bowlally Lane, Hull 33 

Pilkington, W, 180 East India Dock Road, Poplar, E C2 

Pilley, William, Jun., & Co., Upper Highgate, Birmingham ; 28 

Pilsen-Joel Electric Light Company, Telegraph Street, E.C xc 

Pintscli's Patent Lighting Company, Metropolitan Chambers, New Broad Street, E.C. ... 25 

Piscatorial Society, Ashley's Hotel, Covent Garden, W.C xciv, 111 

Piston Freezing Machine and Ice Company, 30 1 & 303 Oxford Street, W 82 

Platel, John, 64 Fore Street, Brixham 23 

Plummer, Lewis, Mast Yard, Sandside, Scarborough 14 

Pocock Bros., 235 Southwark Bridge Road, S.E 37, 58 

Pocock, L. L. 12, Warwick Road, Maida Vale, W xcvi 

Poland Brothers, Billingsgate 104 

Portland, His Grace the Duke of, Welbeck Abbey, Worksop 92 

Post and Telegraph Office 123 

Potter, R xcii 

Pozzy, Sarzean, Morbihan 

Praag, Alexander Van, & Son, 9 Crown Street, Soho, W 56 

Preist & Co., 518 Oxford Street, W 62 

Prevet, C., & Co., late Chollet & Co., 134 Fenchurch Street, E.C r ^ 

Price, P. E. B U\ 

Priestman, E. .^ X'' 11 

Prichard, Erasmus B. Pryce, Noyadd House, Llangorse, Talgarth, R.S.O., Breconshire. . . 5o 

Prickman, E. F., 12 North Street, Exeter >2 

Priestman Bros., 52 Queen Victoria Street; and Hull .. of 3 

Primrose & Company, Church Street, Sheffield Ixxxvii, 123 

Prout, S., Silver Street, Regent Street, W d i 

Pugh, Robert L., 16 Comeragh Road, West Kensington, W.... 

Pulham, James, & Son, Broxbourne, Herts ' y?o 

Putnam * 

Pyne, T., 56 Upper Park Road, Haverstock Hill, N.W 

Qualtrough & Co., Douglas 



Index to British Exhibitors. 



PACK 

Qualtrough, Edward, Net Manufacturer, Fort St. Mary ............................................. ]32 

Qualtrough, Joseph,Port St. Mary .... ....... ............................................................. 132 

Quane, C. B., Douglas ..................... .................................................................. 132 

Quaritch, Bernard, 15 Piccadilly, W ...................................................................... 117 

Quiggin & Co., Douglas .................................................................................... 132 

Quinton, A., 12 New Courf, Lincoln's Inn, W.C ........................................... xcvi, xcs iii 

Itadclyffe, Dick & Co., 128, 129, High Holborn, W.C ........................................... Ixxxvii 

Rae, C. S., Allesley, Coventry .............................................................................. 96 

Rac, John, 4 Addison Gardens, South Kensington, W .............................................. 23 

Kaglau, W., 15 Moraington Koad, New Cross, S.E ................................................. 94 

Bainey, W., 12 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C .................................................... xcvi 

Rarusbottom, K., 81 Market Street, Manchester ...................................................... 53 

Eauiome, Allen, & Co., King's Road, Chelsea, S.W ................................................. 83 

Rapp, L. F., 4 Grove Place, West End, Hammersmith, W ........................................ 100 

Rashleigh, E. W., Kilmarsh ........................................................................ 126, 127 

Rawle, J. S., 155 Great Tichfield Street, W .......................................................... xvci 

Read, George, Byrom House, St. Patrick's Road, Deal, Kent ............... . .................... 11 

Reading and District Angling Association, Great Western Hotel, Reading .................. Ill 

Redpath & Co., Tweedside Works, Kelso, N.B .......................................................... 56 

Reeves, Robert W. C ..................................................................................... 106, 117 

Reid, A. D., St. Luke, Kepplestone, Aberdeen ...................................................... xcviii 

Renshaw, Jaines, Northwich, Cheshire .................................................................. 74 

Richards & Co., Aberdeen ..... A ............................................................................. 25 

Richard*, B., Penzance ....................................................................................... 127 

Richards, Hy., Mousehole ................................................................................. 126 

Richardson & Fletcher, 5 Beresford Place, Dublin ................................................... 12 

Richmond Piscatorial Society, East Sheen, Surrey ................................................... Ill 

Ridley, Sir M. W., Bart., M.P .......... . ................................................................. xciv 

Ridley, W. Wells, Hohnewood, Kenilworth ............................................................ 53 

Ritchie, William, 9 Mid Street, Rosehearty, Aberdeenshire ....................................... 14 

Robbins, John, Latimer Place, Latimer Street South, Birmingham .............................. 45, 56 

Roberts, Henry, Mevagissey ............................ . ................................................. 127 

Roberts, Samuel, Llangollen, North Wales ............................................................ 22, 53 

Roberts, Thomas, Castle Meadow, Norwich ................................................ Ill, 116, 117 

Robertson, H. R., 1 Steele's Studio, Haverstock Hill, N.W ..................................... xcvi 

Robertson, William, Central Arcade, Hope Street, Glasgow ....................................... 57 

Robinson, A. & Lowin, B. J., Edmonton and Tottenham Angling Society, Upper 
Edmonton, Middlesex .................................................................................... 112 

Roe, J. T., Rosehill House, Wamlsworth, S.W ....................................................... xcvi 

Rogan, Michael, Ballyshannon, co. Donegal ...................................... ...................... 54 

Rogers, John Banting, Richmond House, Holloway Road, N ..................................... 42 

Rolfe, A. F .................................................................................................... xcvi 

Rollo, James, Fraserburgh, N.B ......................................................................... 30 

Roper, Richard, 143 Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E .................................. 17, 40 

Roscoe, S.;G. W., 57 Caversham Road, N.W .......................................................... xcix 

Rose, Downs, & Thompson, Old Foundry, Hull, and Kington Works, Grimsby ............... 84 

Rose, R. & Co., 72 Leadenhall Street, E.C ................................... . ......................... 40 

Rosher, Charles Henry, 23 Fulham Park Gardens, S.W ........................................... 17 

Ross, Captain, 174 Cromwell Road, Sonth Kensington, S.W ........................................ 112 

Ross, John, Jun., Muchalls, near Stonehaven ................................................... 11, 69, 71 

ROBS, W. R., 23 Longate Street, Peterhead, N.B ....................................................... 60 

Ross & Duncan, Whitefield Works, Govan, Glasgow ................... ............................. 16 

Routledge, W., & Son, 219 Gallowgate, Aberdeen ................................................... 11 

Rowe, James, Mousehole .................................................................................... 128 

Royal National Lifeboat Institution, 14 John Street, Adelphi, W.C ............................ 41 

Royslon, Robert, Cambridge ............................................................... r. ................ 54 

Rudd, W. H., Queen's Road, Great Yarmouth ......................................................... 28 

Ruffo, W, 142 Hampstead Road, N.W ................................................................... 77 

Ruse, Percy H., Sligo, Ireland ...................................................................... ........ 89 

Russell, Cameron, 30 Little Trinity Lane, Queen Victoria Street, E.C ......................... 3G 

Russell, Charles, 1 Lynton Terrace, East Dulwich ................................................ xcvi 

Ruston, Proctor, & Co., Lincoln ........................................................................... 83 

Rutherfurd Brothers, Ingram Street, Glasgow ......................................................... 24 

Sachs, Alice, 22 Hyde Park Place, W ................................................................... 112 

Sachs, Florence, 22 Hyde Park Place, W ............................................................. 112 

Sachs, Thomas Ransom, 22 Hyde Park Place, W. . ................................ xciii, xcvi, 112, 116 



Index to British Exhibitors. lv 

PAGE 

Sadler, W. Dendy, 28 Fincbley Road, N.W xcv i 

Sailors' Home, Cape Town M> , 19 

Salmon, R., Gorlestou, Gr. Yarmouth 47 

Salviati, Burke & Co., 311a Regent Street, W. 79 

Sample & Co. (English Agent, H. J. Adams) , Ixxxvii 

Sample & Ward, Blyth ". 45 

Samson, Gerard & Son. Grove Iron Works, Bridport, Dorset 36 

Samuel, M. & Co., 31 Houndsditch, E.C 75 

Sandeman, Lieut.-Col - f xciv, xcviii 

Sandeman, Major A. G xcir 

Sanders, S 109 

Sanitas Company, Limited, Three Colt Lane, Bethnal Green, London, E 74 

Satchell, W., 19 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C 122 

Saimders, George, Selsey, Chichester 14 

Sax, Julius, 108 Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, W.C 31 

Sayer& Co., 100 Lower Thames Street, E.C 18,66,72, 104 

Schell, Felix, 81 Wiginore Street, W 72 

Schreiber, Carl G. von, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft 12, 15, 48, 71 

Schuster, S xcv 

Scott, D xciii 

Scott, David, Kinnaird Head Lighthouse, Fraserburgh 36 

Scott, Harry, Forbes House, Surrey, 28 Belgrave Square, S.W 114 

Scott, J. R. Knowle, F.S.A., The Drive, Walthamstow 112 

Scott, W. S., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth 69, 71 

Searle & Sons, Stangate, Lambeth, S.W 19 

Searle, E. W., 11 College Place, N.W 96, 112 

Seasalter and Ham Oyster Company, Whitstable, Kent 94 

Self-Opening Tin Box Company, 19 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden, E.C 33 

Severn Fisheries Board, J. Willis Bund. Hon. Sec 51, 125 

Severn, Walter, 9 Earl's Court Square, W xcix 

Sexton, Joseph, 3 and 4 Great Winchester Street, E.C 40 

Shaud & Mason, 75 Upper Ground Street, Blackf'riars Road, S.E Ixxxvii 

Sharp & Murray, Cellardyke, Fifeshire Ixxxvii, 13, 18, 69 

Shaw, John, Soho Street, Sheffield 25 

Shaw, W. J. Salcombe, Kingsbridge, South Devon xcvi 

Sheffield Manufacturers' Collection, Sheffield 57 

Shepherd, H. C. W., Hull House, Raglan Street, Lowestoft 12, 38 

Shields, John & Co., Wallace Works, Perth 85 

Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society, Hibernian Chambers, 

London Bridge, S.E Ixxxviii, 19, 64 

Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Home 124 

Siddeley & Co., 14 Upper William Street, Liverpool 86 

Siddell, Joseph, Sunderland 16 

Siebe, Gorman & Co., 187 Westminster Bridge Road, S.E Ixxxviii, 62, 85, 124 

Siemens Brothers and Company, Limited, 12 Queen Anne's Gate, S.W Ixxxix 

Silver Trout Angling Club, Star and Garter Hotel, St. Martin's Lane, W.C 112, 116, 117 

Simmons, F. E., Concameau, Finistere, France xcvi 

Simon, John, Rue Pouderense, St. Martin, Guernsey 37 

Simpson, J., Wick, N.B 71 

Simpson, Robert & Co., 20 Redcross Street, Liverpool 69 

Sims & Toozes, 10 Park Street, Hull 15 

Sinclair, James, 104 Leadenhall Street, E.C Ixxxviii 

Sinclair, William, Drumbeg, Donegal 75 

Skene & Goodbrand, Mouuthooly Ropework, Aberdeen 57 

Skynner, H xcvi 

Slater, D., 9 and 10 Portland Street, Newark-on -Trent 55 

Small & Sons, W. T., 37 Brecknock Road, 48 King's Road, and 100 Newington Green 

Road, N 95 

Small, J. W., Beith, Ayrshire 78 

Small, W., 294 Camden Road, N X( ' ix 

Smith, J. Whittet, Fairseat Cottage, Baling xcix 

Smeeton, George Fred., Stoney Royd Mills, Halifax, Yorkshire 3G 

Smith, D., 16 Guildford Street, Wilmington Square, Clerkenwell, N 112 

Smith, E. H., 22 Struttou Ground, Westminster 112 

Smith, George & John, Rock Channel Shipyard, Rye, Sussex 

Smith, John, Beighton House, Winehester Road, Kilburn, N.W 122 



Ivi Index to British Exhibitors. 



PAGE 

Smith, Ogden, 4 Stanley Terrace, St. John's Hill, Clapham Junction, S.W 52 

Smith, T xcvii 

Smith, Thos. Jas., 10 and 11 North Church Side, Hull 73 

Smith, W. Anderson, Benderloch, N.B 101 

Smith, W., & Sons, Newmill Ironworks, Elgin, N.B 33 

Smithers, George, & Sons, Cannon Street Station, E.C 72 

Smitt, F. A., Sweden 73 

.Smout, Mrs. Mary, 9 Trinity Street, Hastings 100 

'Smythe, Lionel P., 36 Gloucester Crescent, Regent's Park, N.W xcvi 

Snoulter, W. G., 96 High Street, Poplar, E 46 

Snowdon, J. P., 59 Queen's Road, St. John's Wood, N.W 121 

Snowie, Hugh & Sous, Church Street, Inverness 112, 116 

Society of Caxtonian Anglers, Falcon Hotel, Gough Square, Fleet Street, E.C 112 

Softley, R. T., Central Works, King Street, Great Yarmouth 14, 66, 94 

Solomon, L. & A., 162 to 174 Queen Victoria Street, E.C Ixxxviii 

South London Angling Society 113 

Southall Bros, and Barclay, Birmingham 73 

Speedie, Alexander 12 

Spiers, R. Phe'ne, Carlton Chambers, 12 Regent Street, W xcix 

Spink, T., 87 Newgate Street, E.C xcvi 

Spratts' Patent Food, Henry Street, Bermondsey, S.E 94 

Squire, Frederick W. W., 13 Radnor Place, Plymouth 112 

Stacy- Watson, C., & Co., Yare Fishery Works, Great Yarmouth 72 

Stanford, Edward Charles, F.C.S., Dalmuir, Dumbartonshire 79 

Stanley Anglers' Society, 51 Camden Park Road, N.W. : Geo. E. Walker, Hon. Sec 112 

Starkey, James, 28 Albion Road, Stoke Newington 112 

Stavers, G., The Jerusalem Exchange, Cornhill, E.C 30 

Steedman & McAlister, Cathcart Street, Glasgow 13,42 

Steele, Henry, Schoolhill, Macduff 29 

Stephen, Robert, King Street, Peterhead 71 

Stephen, William, & Sons, Marine Parade, Dundee, and St. John's, Newfoundland 18 

Stephens, J. & Son, Ashfleld, Falmouth ". 128 

Steven Bros. & Co., 35 Upper Thames Street, E.C Ixxxviii, 34 

Steven, George, Gardenstown, Banffshire, N.B 22 

Steward, J. H., 406 Strand, W.C Ixxxviii 

Stewart, Mrs xciii 

Strachan, William, 29 Main Street, Inverrallochy, Aberdeen shire, N.B 11 

Stocks, W. F., 192 Haverstock Hill, N.W xcix 

Stuart & Co., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh 35, 73, 92 

Stuart- Wortley, Col., Rosslyn House, Grove End Road, St. John's Wood; & Patent 

Museum, South Kensington 13, 92, 96 

Sturgiss, Me., 113 Westbourne Park Road, Hyde Park, W 113 

Sugden and Faulkner, Lords Chambers, Corporation Street, Manchester, and Granville 

Mills, Walkden, near Bolton *, 36 

Sugden, Lieut., S. S., R.N., Woodford, Essex 40 

Sullivan, A., Newlyn, Cornwall ." 68, 75, 128 

Summers, Andrew, 42 Caimbulg, Fraserburg, Aberdeenshire 21 

Sutton Brothers, Lopen Mills, near Ilminster, Somerset 25 

Sutton, G. F., & Co., White Horse Yard, 100 High Holborn, W.C 66 

Swan United Electric Light Company, 9 St. Mildred's Court, E.C Ixxxix 

Swansea Waggon Company, Swansea 86 

Sweeting, J., & Co., 158 & 159 Cheapside, E.C 113 

Swinburne, Thomas A., Eilan Shona, Salen, Ardgour, N.B 16 

Tagg, T., 8, The Island, Hampton Court 20 

Taplin, F., Wimbledon 113 

Tardiff, J. R., St. Martin's, Guernsey 47 

Targett, G. T., Stanhope Villa, Wilton Road, Salisbury xcvi 

Tamer, G. Edward, 35 High Street, Marylebone, W 21 

Tarry Mill Company, per John Muckart, Tarry Mill by Arbroath, N.B 11 

Tate, H xcv, xcvi 

Taylor, Alexander, Landhaven, Fraserburgh 21, 35 

Taylor, E. R., 26 Highfield Road, Edgbaston. Birmingham xcvi 

Taylor, George Galloway, 11 Tranton Road, Jamaica Road, Bermondsey, S.E 113 

Taylor, Matthew, Cookridge Street, Leeds 113 

Teasdel, William, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk , 22, 38, 48, 113 



Index to British Exhibitors. Ivii 

PAGE 

Tegetmeier, William B., "Field" Office, 346 Strand, W.C 36 

Telegraph Construction and Maintenance Company, 38 Old Broad Street, E.6! .. 48 

Tellet, F. S., Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

Temple, Captain E., 51 Queen Victoria Street, E.C j 83 

Teniers, David, Junior xcvi 

Thames Church Mission to Seamen, Fishermen, &c., 31 New Bridge Street, E.C .'..'.'...'.... 64 

The Electric Motor Syndicate, Limited 27 

Thomas, E. C. G., National Club, Whitehall, S.W 32, 86 125 

Thomas, E. C. G., care of Messrs, King & Co., 65 Cornhill, E.C !. 35, 48 

Thomas, J. J., & Co., 87 Queen Victoria Street; 285 and 362 Edgware Eoad, W 14 

Thomas, J., Land's End 128 

Thomas, James, Porthleven 127 

Thompson, Hartley, Girvan, N.B 13, 14 

Thompson, Henry James, Upper Walmer, Kent 79 

Thompson, Peter, 9 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

Thomson, John, 1 Main Street, Inverallochy, Fraserburgh 103 

Thomson, Leslie, 76 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, W xcvi 

Thomson, M. C, 67 Great Clyde Street, Glasgow ; and 18A Basinghall Street, London, 

E.C 24 

Thomson, William, 8 Lowshore, Macduff, N.B 14 

Thorneley, C., Hastings House, The Park, Highgate, N xcix 

Timmis, Illius Augustus, 17 Great George Street, Westminster, S.W 41 

Tipping, H. G. I., K.N 48 

Tippitt Sons & Co., Plymouth 60 

Toppin, Percy, Glan-yr-Afon, Strawberry Hill 53, 113 

Tough, George, Salmon Fishings, Portmahomack, Ross-shire 51 

Towell, H. J., 33 Strand, W.C 72 

Traquair, R. H., 8 Dean Park Crescent, Edinburgh 113 

Treloar & Sons, 68, 69 & 70 Ludgate Hill, E.C Ixxxviii 

Tremaine, William Henry, Member of the West London Angling Club, Windsor Castle 

Hotel, Hammersmith 113 

Trent Conservators' Board 122 

Trickett, John, 16 Bennett Street, High Fields, Sheffield , 54 

Trinity House, Elder Brethren of 44 

Trotman, Samuel, 55 Lillie Road, Fulham, S.W 78 

Trotter, John, & Co., 7 Great Winchester Street Buildings, E.C 30 

Tudor, John R., St. Leonards-on-Sea 47, 101 

Tulloch, C., 12 Rodolph Road, Maida Hill, W , 123 

Tulloch, William, & Son, 26 and 27 Bury Street, London, E.C 68 

Turner Gas Engine Company, St. Albans 86 

Turtle & Pearce, 13 Duke Street, London Bridge, S.E 28 

Tudor, John R., 5 Magdalen Road, St. Leonards-on-Sea 101 

Tyzack, B. C., Preston Road, North Shields 20 

Unite, John, 291 Edgware Road, W Ixxxviii, 24, 26 

United Asbestos Company, 161 Queen Victoria Street, E.C Ixxxviii, 85 

United Society of Anglers, "Wellington," Shoreditch, E 113 

United Telephone Company, Limited, 36 Great Coleman Street, E.C Ixxxviii 

Upham, J. W. & A., Brixham, Devon 20 

Utley, Thomas, 79 Cameron Street, Liverpool 32 

Vale, John, 27 Hammersmith Road, London, N.W 113 

Valentine, George, 77 High Street, Perth 57 

Vesey, 34 Yonge Park, N xcvi 

Vigo, D., Belgravia 73 

Vincent, Robinson & Co., 4 Wigmore Street, W Ixxxviii 

Vokins, J. & W xcv 

Vivian, Mackenzie, Tuckingmill, Camborne 128 

Vokins, William, 1 Porchester Terrace, Hyde Park, W '. 51 

Votieri, John, 315 Camden Road, Holloway 76 

Vowles, S. T., King's Mill Road, Milton, Sittingbourne 53 

Vulcan Iron Works Company, Scott Street, Hull 83 

Wales, H.R.H. The Princess of 21 

Walker & Harrison, Phoenix Biscuit Works, Ratcliff Cross, E 62 

Walker, Thomas, & Son, 58 Oxford Street, Birmingham 31 

Walker, William, & Son, 22 Netherkirkgate, Aberdeen 

Wallis, Miss, 4 The Residences, South Kensington Museum, S.W 



Iviii Index to British Exhibitors. 

_z . . .... _,_ . , 



PAGE 

Wallis, W., Newlyn 127 

Wallis, Whitworth, 4 The Residences, South Kensington Museum, S.W xcvii, 20 

Wallscourt, Lord, Ardree, Oranmore, co. Galway 90 

Walsh, J. W., Soho Glass Works, Birmingham 31 

Walsiflgham, Lord, Morton Hall, Thetford Ixxxviii 

Walters, G. S., 134 Adelaide Road. N.W xcvii, xcix 

Walton, P., Holmsbury, St. Mary, Dorking 1 xcix 

Ward, Alfred, Kilburn Baths, Kilburn, N.W 42 

Ward, H. S., & Co., 58 Holborn Viaduct, E.0 69 

Ward, Rowland, & Co., 166 Piccadilly, W 23, 76 

Ward, T. Wilson, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft 15 

Warner, John, & Son, The Crescent Foundry, Cripplegate, E.C 31 

Warrington Wire Works, Limited, 13 Goree Piazzas, Liverpool 24 

Wuterer, Anthony Knaphill, Nursery, Woldng Ixxxix 

Waterlow & Sons, Limited, 26 Great Winchester Street, E.C Ixxxix 

Watkins, C., Woolwich, Invicta Angling Club 113 

Watson & Fox, Great Western Docks, Plymouth 21 

Watson, John, 29 North Portland Street, Glasgow 21 

Watson, T., Peel 132 

Watson, W., & Sous, 308 High Holborn, W.C 55 

Watt, Charles, Jun., Pennan, Fraserburgh, N.B 14 

Way, W. C., 83 Park Road, Newcastle-on-Tyne xcvii 

Way the, William E., Echline House, Princes Road, Gt. Yarmouth 42 

Weatherhead, James, Eyemouth, Berwickshire 20 

Webb John, W., Captain R.N., Kongo House, Hythe 114 

Webb, T. S., 56 Burton Street, Burton Crescent, W.C 113 

Webb, James, 6 William Street, Lowndes Square, S.W xcvii 

Webster, Francis, & Sons, Alma Works, Arbroath, N.B 24 

Webster, William George, 1 Bedford Court, Old North Street, Red Lion Square, W.C.... 113 

Welch, H. J., 1 Fitzroy Street, Fitzroy Square, W xcvii 

Wells, William, 50 Commercial Street, Leitb, N.B 30 

Wentworth, Messrs., 12 Museum Street, W.C 39, 62 

West, David W xcii, 114 

Westbourne Park Piscatorial Society, The Pelican, All Saints' Road, Westbourne Park, W. 114 

Whale, J., 74 Leadenhall Street, E.C 113 

Wheldon, John, 58 Great Queen Street, W.C 121 

Whetham, S., & Sons, 40 Gracechurch Street, E.C 13 

Whipple, J., 4 Chichester Street, St. George's Square xcvii 

White, F 114 

Whitfield & Hakes, Commercial Road, Hull 28 

Whiting, H. G., A.P.S., U.S.A 62 

Whitmore, Bryan, HaUiford, Shepperton xcix 

VVhitstable Company : of Free Fishers and Dredgers, in the County of Kent, known as 

"Whitstable Oyster Company" Thomas G. Browning, Clerk, Whitstable 90, 100, 121 

Whitstable Oyster Company .- 94 

Wigley, William H., St. George's Road, Cheltenham 53 

Wilkins, Frederic C. E., 55 Poland Street, W 21, 48, 123 

Wilkins, William, Queen's Road, Tuubridge Wells 42 

Willans & Robinson, Ferry Works, Thames Ditton, Surrey 83 

Willard, F. L., 85 Hoxton Street, N xc 

" Willesden " Waterpreof Paper and Canvas Company, Limited, Willesden Works, 

Willesden Junction, N.W 7, 123 

Williams, Alexander, 97 Victoria Road, Dundee, Scotland 117 

Williams, A. H., 1 St. Mary's Road, Peckham 41 

Williams, F. T., & Co., 10 Great Queen Street, W.C 54, 114 

Williams, Mrs. Charles, 61 Cambridge Road, Hammersmith, W xcix 

Williams, R. A., 29 Woodstock Road, Chiswick xcvii 

Williams, William, Mousehole 127 

Williamson, L., Burravoe, Shetland, N.B 72 

Wilson Engineering Company, Holborn, W.C 35 

Wilson, Henry, 32 Southside Street, Plymouth 12 

Wilson, Peter, Office of the Fisheries, Girvan, Ayrshire 20 

Wilson, Stanley, 28A Manchester Street, Manchester Square, W xcvii 

Wilson, T., & Co., Stowmarket 32 

Wilson, William, Albert House, High Street, Benvick-ou-Tweed... GO 

Wiseman, Frederick, Paglesham, Rochibrd, Essex 19, 9! 



Index to British Exhibitors. 



JMGE 

Withorwick, J., Hull / 22 

Wolff, M Ixxxix 

Wolff, S. W., 75 & 76 High Street Southampton 29 

Wood, John William, 34 Great St. Helen's, E.C 42 

Woodcock, J. P., 23 Abingdon Street, Westminster, S.W 22 

Woodger, Edward & Son 72 

Woodger, Henry Lamble, 9 Haddo Terrace, Scarborough, Yorks 17 

Woodhouse & Rawson, 11 Queen Victoria Street, E.C xc 

Woodhouse, C. Obins, 41 Abingdon Villas, Kensington, W 89 

Woodman, G., 60 Camberwell New Road, S.E 114 

Woodrow, A 114 

Woods, W. Fell, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E 15, 89, 94, 101, 104, 123 

Woolf, Yeatman, & Co., 119 New Bond Street 86 

Woolfe, F. W., & Son, 46 Lower Shad well, E 43 

Wootton Oyster Fishery, Isle of Wight 95 

Workshop for the Blind of Kent 41 

Wright, Bryce, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., &c., 204 Regent Street, W 101, 117 

Wright, James, Sprouston, near Kelso, Roxburghshire, Scotland 52 

Wright, James, 15 Jamaica Road, Bermondsey, S.E 43 

Wright, J. P., 3 Park Road, Red Hill, Surrey 18 

Wright, Miss, 23 Sutherland Gardens, W xciv 

Wright, Robert, 16 Princes Street, Edinburgh 114 

Wyatt, James, 123 Glo'ster Road, South Kensington, S.W 73 

Wyllie, C. W., 2A Fulham Place, Maida Vale, N.W xcvii 

Wyllie, W. L., 70 Carlton Hill, N.W xcvii, xcix 

Wynn, Sir Watkin W., Bart, M.P., Wynnestay, Ruabon 114 

Yeomans, Matthew, & Co., Wincham, Northwiok, Salt 74 

Yglesias, V. P., 9 Fitzroy Street, Fitzroy Square, W xcvii 

Youl, J. A., C.M.G., King's Road, Ciapham Park, S.W 96, 123 

Young Archibald, Advocate, 22 Royal Circus, Edinburgh 101 

Young, Maurice, Milford Nurseries, Godalming, Surrey Ixxxix 

Young, Lambton, C.E., 16 Harcourt Terrace, Redcliffe Square, S.W 37 

Young, Sir Allen, 5 St. James's Street, S.W 17 

Zoological Society, Hanover Square, W 124 



SUBJECT INDEX. 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. 

ACCLIMATIZATION OF FISH. 

1029. Chambers, W. Oldham, F.L.S., Lowestoft 123 

102911. National Fish Culture Association 123 

10296. Youl, I. A., C.M.G., Waratah House, King's Road, Clapham Park 123 

ANCIENT FISHING IMPLEMENTS, &c. 

989. Galloway, William, Inveresk by Edinburgh 117 

Quane, C. B., Douglas, Isle of Man 132 

32fc. Kashleigh, W., Kilmarth 126 

ANTISEPTICS FOR PRESERVING FISH. 

654. Antitropic Company (W. F. Grier & Co.) Glasgow ; and 20 Stamford Street, Black- 
friars, S.E 74 

651. Bumsted, D., & Company, 36 King William Street, London Bridge, E.C 74 

649. Corbet, John, M.P., Stoke Works, Worcestershire 74 

650. Droitwich Salt Co., Limited, 8 & 9 Lower Thames Street, E.C 74 

654a. King, William, 1 New Road, Commercial Road, E 74 

648. Renshaw, James, North wich, Cheshire 74 

653. Sanitas Company, Limited, Three Colts' Lane, Bethnal Green, London, E 74 

652. Yeomans, Matthews, & Co., Wincham, Northwich 74 

COMPLIMENTARY LIST Ixxxiii 

DISEASES OF FISH, MODELS, &c. PHYSICO-CHEMICAL 

INVESTIGATIONS. 

799. Rae, C. S., Allesley, Coventry 96 

DRIFT NETS AND SEINES. (See also p. Ixxxi.) 

Cornwall County Committee 125 

14. Grimsby, Committee for 9 

14*. Grimsby Coal, Salt and Tanning Co. (Limited), Fish Docks, Grimsby 10 

26. Hounsell, Herbert E. (Limited), Bridport, Dorset 11 

28. Hounsell, William, & Co., North Mills, Bridport 11 

EDIBLE : MODELS OF FISH-CURING ESTABLISHMENTS 
AND METHODS OF CURING, &c. CURED FISH OF 
ALL KINDS. 

576. Adie, Thomas M., & Sons, Voe, Shetland 69 

551, 1051. Allen, Edward Ellis, 111 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea 66, 125 

633. Appleyard, J. F., 110A Waterloo Road, S.E. ; 77 Bishop's Road 73 

Barren, R., Macduff, N.B 66 

614. Barrow, George, 118 Lower Thames Street, E.C 68, 72 

618. Barrow, H., & Co., 24 Botolph Lane and Billingsgate 72 

565. Bellis, Thomas Kerrison, 8 & 10 Jeffreys Square, St. Mary Axe, London, E.C 68 

570. 588. Blanchflower & Sons, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk 68, 69 

582. Boyle, J. S., Forfar, and Gourclon by Bervie, N.B 69 

577. Brand, H. W., 58 Charlwood Street, Pinilico 69 

599. Bridgman, Cayley, and Boyes, 42 Poultry, E.C 71 

571. Burgess, John, & Son, 107 Strand, W.C ; 68 

564. Bush, Mrs. Isaac, Alma Street, Wivenhoe, nr. Colchester, Essex 68 

584. Calderwood, Robert, Greenock 69 

601. Campbell, Robert, 13 Breadalbane Crescent, Pulteneytown, Wick, N.B 71 

646, 647a. Carr, W. G., and Son, 613 High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 73 

6o2a. Carr, Holmes, Sons & Co., Limited, Berwick-on-Tweed 71 

59Oa. Chambers, Oldham & Willins, Bank Plain, Norwich 71 

644. Cormack, Thos., & Sons, Eyemouth 73 



Subject Index. Ixi 



KOTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGB 

5720. Cornish Sardine Company, Mevagissey 69, 128 

592. Crawford, A. O., Wick 71 

568. Crosse and Blackwell, Soho Square, W.C., and Morrison's Quay, Cork 08 

597. Davidson, Pirie & Co., Leith 71 

608. Davidson, William, Jun., Pulteneytown, Wick 72 

556. Dickson & Renwick, 39 Lombard Street 66 

619. Doull, George, Wick, Caithness, Scotland 72 

562. Edgar, James, & Co., 23 Kood Lane, E.G., and North End Factory, Deal 68 

573. Edmunds, Joseph, 134 Pentonville Koad 69 

552. Fishery Board for Scotland, Edinburgh 66 

639. Fryer, C. E., Home Office 73 

609. Garriock & Co., Shetland 72 

573a, 621. Geddes, James, Macduff, Scotland 69, 72 

610. Gillings, James, 19 Havelock Koad, Great Yarmouth 72 

566. Gillon, John, & Co., Leith, N.B 68 

587. Hayes & Son, Stamford and Peterborough 69 

604. Hilton, W. H., 130 Victoria Street, Bristol 71 

640. Kelly & Sons, Wick, Scotland .* 73 

589a. Jsimieson, W., 15 Pitt Street, Liverpool 69 

572, 585. King, Kobert, 32 Sussex Place, S.Kensington, S.W 68, 69 

591. Knowles, James, Stonehaven, Scotland 71 

559. Latham, A. W., & Co., as Agents, 17 Philpot Lane, E.C 68 

573/>. Maclean, Andrew, 51 Duke Street, Leith 69 

). Maconochie Brothers, Raglan Works, Lowestoft, Suffolk 68 

58o. McCombie, Jas., & Co., Peterhead, Scotland 69 

Methuen, James, & Co., Leith, N.B 69 

Mitchell, John, Whitby 71 

Moir, John, & Son, Limited, 148 Leadenhall Street, E.C 6G 

Mowat, Robert, Lybster, N.B 71 

567. Noel, Ludovic, 43 Frith Street, Soho, W 68 

569, 575. Overall, Son, & Co., 102 Lower Thames Street, E.C 68, 69 

553. Park, J. & T., Fraserburgh,N.B 66 

558. Peneau, Joseph, 6 Martin's Lane, Cannon Street, E.C 

572a. Perry, W, T. L., Penzance 68 

595 59 Ia Ross, John, Jun., Muchalls, near Stonehaven 69, 71 

3266. Rowe, James, Mousehole 128 

550, 617. Sayer & Co., 100 Lower Thames Street, and Billingsgate, E.C 66, 72 

611. Schell, Felix, 81 Wigmore Street, W 72 

605. Schreiber, C. G. von, Saint Margaret's College, Lowestoft 71 

590a, 6026. Scott, William S., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth 69, 71 

578. Sharpe & Murray, Cellardyke, Fifeshire 69 

594. Simpson, J., Wick, N.B 71 

586a. Simpson, Robert, & Co., 20 Redcross Street, Liverpool 

635. Smitt, F. A., Sweden 73 

642. Smith, Thos. Jas., 10 and 11 North Church Side, Hull 73 

625. Smithers, George, & Sons, Cannon Street Station, E.C 72 

554. Softley, R. T., 63^A King Street, Great Yarmouth GG 

641. Southall Bros. & Barclay, Birmingham 73 

613. Stacy-Watson, C., & Co., Yare Fishery Works, Great Yarmouth 72 

595. Stephen, Robert, King Street, Peterhead 71 

629. Stuart & Co., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh 73 

572?). Sullivan, A., Newlyn, Cornwall 68, 128 

557. Sutton, G. F., & Co., White Horse Yard, 100 High Holborn, W.C 

623. Towell, H. J., 33 Strand, W.C 72 

561. Tulloch, William, & Son, 26 & 27 Bury Street, E.C 68 

632. Vigo, D., Belgravia Trf 

586. Ward, H. S., & Co., 58 Holborn Viaduct, W.C 69 

616. Williamson, L., Burravoe, Shetland, N.B 72 

612. Woodger, Edward, & Son, Lowestoft, Scarborough, and Peterhead 7^ 

629. Wyatt, James, 123 Gloucester Road, South Kensington, S.W " 6 

ELECTRIC LIGHTING. 

Ball's Unipolar Company 

British Electric Light Company, Turk's Head Yard, Turnmill Street, E.C 

Edmunds, Henry, Victoria Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W 



Ixii Subject Index. 



ROTATION 
KUMBBKS. 

Electric Light Supply Company, Limited, 28 York Street, S.W ? xc 

Electric Power Storage Company, Limited, Great Winchester Street Buildings, 

E.C xc 

Electric Power and Light Contract Agency, 71 Bishopsgate Street, Within, E.C. xc 

Elphinstone- Vincent, Messrs -. xc 

Ferranti, Thompson & luce, 3 Fenchurch Avenue, E.C. , xc 

Gerard Electric Light and Power Company, Limited xc 

Giileher Electric Light Company, Limited, Battersea Foundry, S.W Ixxxix 

Jablochkoff Electric Light and Power Company, Limited, 1 Great Winchester 

Street Buildings, E.C xc 

Lever, Charles, Culcheth Hall, Bowden, Cheshire Ixxxix 

Pilsen, Joel, and General Electric Light Company, Telegraph Street, E.C xc 

Siemens Brothers & Company, Limited, 12 Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster, 

S.W Ixxxix 

Swan United Electric Light Company, 9 St. Mildred's Court, Poultry, E.C Ixxxix 

Willard, F. L., 85 Hoxton Street, N xc 

Woodhouse & Rawson, 11 Queen Victoria Street, E.C .... c xc 

FINE ARTS. 

Oil Paintings xcii 

Water Colours xcvii 

FISH. 

947. Adams, W. A., Gaines, Worcester 114 

83ia. Arkwright, R., 8 Cadogan Place, S.W 104 

832. Arnold, Edward, Campbell Yard, High Street, Huntington 101 

834. Ashmead, G. B., & Co., 35 Bishopsgate Street, E.C 104 

615. Barber, S., & Co., Ill Lower Thames Street, E.C 72 

835. Barber, W., 19 Sincil Street, Lincoln 104 

836. Bartlett, A. D. & Son, Zoological Gardens, Regent's Park 104 

837. Beasley, A. W., 14 Greville Place, Maida Vale, N.W lOt 

8866. Beningfield, T., Broxbourne, per Alfred G. Jardine 108 

837a. Benjamin, Joseph, 67 Cambridge Road, Mile End 104 

838. Bermondsey Brothers' Angling Club, Alscot Arms, Alscot Road, Bermondsey 104 

638. Bertram & Roberts, Crystal Palace 73 

839. Birmingham and Midland Piscatorial Association, 39 Vyse Street, Birmingham ... 104 
943. Braine, F., Kensington 114 

8390. Brighton Aquarium Company 105 

840. Brodkwell, H. G., 15 Belmont Villas, Leyton Road, Leyton 105 

841. Brotherston, Andrew, Shedden Park Road, Kelso, N.B 105 

842. Brunton, John, M.A., M.D., 21 Euston Road, N.W 105 

842a. Budge, W. H., 1 Queen's Gate Place Mews, South Kensington 105 

843. Bunn, Henry Howard, Palmerston House, Ventnor, Isle of Wight 105 

948. Burton & Son, H. J., 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, W.C 114 

844. Butler, Joseph, " True Waltonian Society," " White Horse," 80 Liverpool Road, N. 105 

845. Callaghan, J., 36 St. Mary at Hill, Eastcheap 105 

845a. Callender Bitumen Telegraph and Waterproof Company, Limited 103 

846a. Campion, Robert, 3 Comber's Terrace, Brixham, Devon 105 

847. Carr, Mrs. Walter Paterson, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 105 

847a. Cartwright, W. C., 27 St. Mary Axe 105 

8476. Chambers, George, 37 Fenchurch Street 105 

624. Charles, J. S., 9 Grosvenor Place, S.W 72 

Cholmondeley-Pennell, H., 5 Cadogan Terrace, S.W Ill 

Clifford, J. W., Three Colts, Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green 105 

t. Cobbold, Dr. Spencer T., 74 Portsdown Road, Maida Hill, N.W 105 

849. Coburu, F., 7 Holloway Head, Birmingham 105 

849. Coker, Jabez, Paragon Railway Station, Hull 10(5 

850. Convivial Angling Society, "Bull and Bell," Ropemaker Street, Finsbury 106 

851. Cress well, Henry "True Waltonian Society," White Horse, Liverpool Road, 

Islington, N 106 

8510. Critchfield, A. C., 1 Pownall Road, Queen's Road, Dalston, E 106 

886/. Crowley, J. William, 20 Cloudesley Square 109 

8516. Cullum, H. J., 10 Harley Street, Battersea 106 

852. Curtis, E., Jun., Mortimer Lodge, Upton, Essex 106 

854. Da Costa, Hyman, 18 Peter Street, Tyssen Street, Bethnal Green 106 






Subject Index. Ixiii 



BOTATJON 

HUMBKBS. PAGE 

620. Darnell, J. W., 123 Lower Thames Street, E.C 72 

855. Davie, John Hunter, 49 Shaftesbury Koad, Hammersmith 106 

853. Day, Francis, Kenilworth House, Cheltenham 106 

856. Eastwood, G. J., Cheshunt, Herts 106 

932. Edinburgh, H.R.H. the Duke of, K.G., Clarence House, St. James's, W 113 

857. Edwards, Henry, 100 High Street, Kingsland, E 106 

858. Eedle, Thomas, 40 Goldsmith Row, Hackney Road, N.E 106 

859. Eiloart, E. G., 33 George Street, Hanover Square, W 106 

860. Ellis, John, Pritchard's Arms, Hackney Road 106 

861. Erne Fisheries, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland 106 

1030. Exeter, the most Honourable the Marquis of, Burghley Park, Stamford 123 

886c. Featherstone R., Aldershot 109 

941. Fitzgerald, Major Purefoy, North Hall, near Basingstoke 114 

862. Foot, W., 21 Waterside North, Lincoln 106 

863. Foster, R., 10 Upper Fitzwilliam Street, Dublin 106 

864. Friendly Anglers' Society, The Albion, Albion Street, Hyde Park, W 106 

8860. Gant, J. W 109 

942. Gardner, James, 29 Oxford Street, W 114 

865. Gathercole, George, 112 Akerman Road, Brixton 107 

867. Gedney C. W., Bromley,Kent 107 

866. George, Alfred, 2 Dempsey Street, Commercial Road, E 107 

990. Gerrard, Edward, Jun., 31 College Place, Camden Town 118 

868. Gill, Alexander, Selwyn Road, High Cross Lane, Tottenham 107 

869. Gillett, John, 40 Fetter Lane, Holborn 107 

Goldsmith, Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

870. Good Intent Angling Society, The, Richard Murphy, Secretary, The Crown Inn, 

Church Street, Shoreditch 107 

870rt. Gordon, Lord Granville, 1 Queen Anne Street, S.W 107 

871. Gouiidrey, J., 109 High Street, Oxford 107 

634. Gow 73 

872. Gray, Henry, 55 Charlotte Street, Portland Place 107 

873. Great Northern Brothers' Angling Society, 67 Southampton Street, Pentonville, N. 107 

991. Gregory, James R., 88 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, W.C 118 

874. Gresham Angling Society, Masons' Hall Tavern, Masons' Avenue, Basinghall 

Street, E.C 107 

626. Grimsby Company 73 

875. Gunn, E. W., Jun., 47 Upper Saint Giles Street, Norwich 107 

876. Gunn, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich 107 

628. Hall, John, 15 High Street, Kensington 73 

876a. Hamilton, The Marquis of 107 

877. Harding, Charles W., Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., King's Lynn 107 

878. Hayward, Thomas, 275 Kennington Road, S.E 107 

879. Hodges, W. J., Aucuba Villa, Lavender Hill, S.W 107 

636. Holmes, Robt., & Son, Berwick-on-Tweed 7% 

880. Holt, Eardley Chauncy, The Cottage, East Sheen, Mortlake, Surrey 108 

881. Horsley, Charles W., Fakenham, Norfolk 108 

882. Hewlett, W., High Street, Newmarket 108 

88-?. Hoxton Brothers' Angling Society, "Cherry Tree," Kingsland Road, N 108 

88 3 . Hughes, H. P 108 

884. Hughes, T. S,, Foxley Road, North Brixton 108 

885. " Izaak Walton " Angling Society, The, " The Old King John's Head," Mansfield 

Street, Kingsland Road : 

886e. Jackson, R., Little Marlow, per Alfred G. Jardine 109 

637. Jacobs, J., 80 Lower Thames Street, E.C 73 

885a. Jacobs, E : 

886. Jardine, Alfred George, 38 Old Change, E.C : 

886a. Jardine, Frederic, Jun., 38 Old Change, E.C 

886fc. King, G. H., 165 Great Portland Street, W 

886d. King, Robert, Teddington, per Alfred G. Jardine 

887. Knechtli, John, 6 Carey Lane, E.C 

32^, 888. Laughrin, William, Polperro, Cornwall 1 9 

630. Lawrence 'j; 

888a. Layard, J. G., 40 Millson Road, West Kensington, W : 

889. Lewis, Marcus Hedges, Ham, near Newbury, Berkshire ; 

889(1. Louise, H.R.H. the Princess (Marchioness of Lome) , 



1 xiv Subject Index. 



NUMBERS. PAGE 

891. Macnee, James, Loch Tuinmel Side, Pitlochry, Perthshire 110 

892. Maidenhead, Cookharn, and Bray Thames Angling Association, Skiudle's Hotel, 

Maidenhead 110 

893. Mann, Thomas James, The Grange, Bishops Stortford, Herts Ill 

093. Mantua and Montferrat, H.M.S.H. Prince of, 16 Elgin Road, St. Peter's 

Park, W , 118 

896. Mathews, Staverton, 105 Great Russell Street, W.C 110 

895. Matthews, Edward David, Member of the " West London Angling Club," Windsor 

Castle Hotel, Hammersmith 110 

8896. Matthews, W. J., Railway Tavern, Hampstead Heath 109 

897. Maude, C. J., Royal Mews, Hampton Court 110 

897. Monckton, Colonel F., Carlton Club, Pall Mall, W 110 

898. Moore Brothers, 36 Newsham Drive, Newsham Park, Liverpool 110 

86ia. Moore, Robert L., D.L., Moluman, Londonderry 106 

899. Morgan, James Whisson, 277 Amhurst Road, Stoke Newington, N 110 

900. Myddelton (Sir Hugh) Angling Society, Empress of Russia, St. John's Road, 

Clerkonwell, E.0 110 

901. Nalty, T. E., 46 St. German's Road, Frest Hill, S.E 110 

9OI. Nestor, Augustine, 38 George Street, Limerick 110 

890. Newbury and District Angling Association, The. Secretary, Mr. J. Smith, 62 

Northbrook Street, Newbury, Berks 109 

9810. Newbury Angling Association 117 

992. Nichols, Edward, Market Place, Norwich 118 

902. North-Western Angling Club, W. Hillicr, Secretary, " Lord Southampton," Mait- 

land Park, Haverstock Hill, N.W 110 

904. Nuthall, Alfred, Thames Street, Kingston Ill 

903. Nutting & Co., 70 Edgbaston Street, Birmingham Ill 

627. Overton, Victoria Station 73 

O04a. Parker, H. C , Ill 

904?;. Patton, A. J., Alpha Road, Regent's Park, N.W Ill 

32&c. Perry, W. T. L., Penzance 128 

906. Pickhardt, G., 45 Crogsland Road, N.W Ill 

909. Piscatorial Society, Ashley's Hotel, Covent Garden. James Lander, Hon. Sec. ... Ill 

907. Pugh, Robert L., 16 Comeragh Road, West Kensington, W Ill 

908. Reading and District Angling Association, Great Western Hotel, Reading Ill 

8616. Reeves, Robert, W.C 106 

909a. Richmond Piscatorial Society, East Sheen, Surrey; J. H. Gaunt, Secretary Ill 

910. Roberts, Thomas, Castle Meadow, Norwich Ill 

911. Robinson, A., & Lowin, B. J., Edmonton and Tottenham Angling Society, Upper 

Edmonton, Middlesex Ill 

giia. Ross, Captain, 174 Cromwell Road, South Kensington, S.W 112 

912. Sachs, Alice, 22 Hyde Park Place, W 112 

913. Sachs, Florence, 22 Hyde Park Place, W 112 

914. Sachs, Thomas Ransom, 22 Hyde Park Place, W .'. 112 

8867*. Sanders, S 109 

945. Scott, Harry, Forbes House, Surrey, 28 Belgrave Square, S.W 114 

916. Scott, J. R. Knowle, F.S.A., The Drive, Walthamstow 112 

917. Searle, Edmund, William, 11 College Place, Great College Street, N.W 112 

9i7a. Silver Trout Angling Club, Star and Garter Hotel, St. Martin's Lane, W.C 112 

918. Smith, D., 16 Guildford Street, Wilmington Square, Clerkenwell 112 

9i8a. Smith, E. H., 22 Strutton Ground, Westminster 112 

919. Snowie, Hugh, & Sons, Church Street, Inverness 

920. Society of Caxtonian Anglers, The, Falcon Hotel, Gough Square, Fleet Street 112 

925. South London Angling Society 113 

923. Stanley Anglers' Society, 51 Camden Park Road, N.W. ; George E. Walker, Hon. 

Sec ; 112 

924. Starkey, James, 28 Albion Road, Stoke Newington 112 

. 925. Sweeting, J., & Co., 159 Cheapside, E.C 113 

926. Taplin, F., Wimbledon 

927. Taylor, George Galloway, 11 Tranton Road, Jamaica Road, Bermondsey, S.E 113 

928. Taylor, Matthew, Cookridge Street, Leeds 

928a. Teasdel, W., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth ' 

929. Toppin, Percy, Glan-yr-Afon, Strawberry Hill - 

9290. Traquair, R. H., 8 Dean Park Crescent, Edinburgh 

930. Tremaine, William Henry, Windsor Castle Hotel, Hammersmith ?... 113 






Subject Index. 



NUMBERS. PAGK 

931. United Society of Anglers (The), The "Wellington," Shoreditob, E 113 

933- Vale, J., 27 Hammersmith Eoad, W 113 

933. Watkins, C., Woolwich Invicta Angling Club ]13 

946. Webb, John W., Captain E.N., Kongo House, Hy the 11-1. 

934. Webb, T. S., 56 Burton Street, Burton Crescent 113 

935- Webster, William George, 1 Bedford Court, Old North St., Ked Lion Square, 

W.C 113 

936. Westbourne Park Piscatorial Society, " The Pelican," All Saints' Koad, We^tbourne 

Park, W. ; H. Thompson, Secretary 114- 

935. West, David W 114 

9340. Whale, J., 74 Leadenhall Street, E.C 113 

93<5a. White, F 114 

737. Williams, F. T. & Co., Great Queen Street, W.C 114 

938. Woodman, G., 60 Camberwell New Koad 114 

938a. Woodrow, A 114 

939. Wright, Eobert, The Willows, Harlesden, Middlesex 114 

940. Wynn, Sir Watkin W., Bart., M.P., Wynnstay, Kuabon 114 

FISH CULTURE. 

744, 786. Andrews, Thomas, Westgate House, Guildford 90, 95 

784. Armistead, Joseph John, Solway Fishery, Dumfries, N.B 95 

791. Ashton & Green, 11 Bury Street, St. Mary Axe, E.C 95 

738. Atkins Water Softening Co., Bouverie Street, Strand 89 

779. Berney, George Duckett, Morton Hall, Norwich 95 

789. Bingham, G. T 95 

756. Bolton, Thomas, Naturalist, 57 Newhall Street, Birmingham 93 

7480. Brazier, Albert, Southwick, Brighton, Sussex 90 

790. Brown, J. M., 33 High Street, Haddington, N.B 95 

749. Cail, Eichard, Newcastle-on-Tyne 90 

744a, 787. Capel, Charles Cecil, Cray Fishery, Foots Cray, Kent 90, 95 

745, 752. Chambers, W. Oldham, F.L.S., Lowestoft 90, 95 

759. Clark, John, 17 Eoyal Exchange Square, Glasgow 94 

765. Corbigny, H. de, Auray, Morbihan 94 

732. Cornilleau, L., Mons., La Trinite sur Mer, Morbihan 89 

748. Curtin, Fergus, Mucknish Castle, Burren Oranmore, Ireland 90 

775. Diluot, G., Hayling North, Havant, Hants 95 

755. Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art, Edinburgh; Prof. T. C. Aicher, 

Director 93 

776, Erne Fisheries, Ballyshannon, co. Donegal, Ireland 95 

743, 750, 800. Exeter, The Most Honourable Marquis of, Burghley House, Stamford... 90, 100 
75<5a. Fisheries Preservation Association, per H, A. Kinloch, Secretary, 17 Seymour 

Street, Portman Square, W 94 

730. Gressy & Ezanno, Carnac, Morbihan 89 

757. Kessell & Sou, 11 Southwark Street, Borough, S.E 94 

780. King, George Hoadley, Sea Horse House, 165 Great Portland Street 95 

733. Lamarzelle de G., Vannes, Morbihan 89 

731. Le Eoux, Dr., Les Sables d'Olonne, Vendee 89 

755. Maitland, Sir James Eamsay- Gibson-, Bart., of Barnton 93 

785. Malcolm, G., Invergarry, N.B 95 

783. Mann, T. J., The Grange, Bishop Stortford, Herts 95 

735. Martin, Alphonse, Kerrgurionne, Morbihan 89 

796a. Newman, J., 19 Maddox Street, W 96 

753. Norfolk and Suffolk Fish Acclimatization Society ; W. Oldham Chambers, F.L.S., 

Honorary Secretary, Lowestoft 92 

736. Nouge, Henri, Marennes 89 

7 49 a. O'Keefe, M. T., M.I.C.E.I 90 

772. Oyster Merchants' Company, Hampstead -, 

763. Phillipps, Thomas, & Co., St. John's Market, Liverpool 94 

751. Portland, His Grace the Duke of, Welbeck Abbey, Worksop 92 

734. Pozzy, Mons., Sarzean, Morbihan 

1031. Primrose & Company, Sheffield 123 

762. Eaglan, W., 15 Mornington Eoad, New Cross 

766. Eicheiie, G. G., De la, 4 Eue Cale Ory, Lorient 

727. Euss, Percy H., Sligo, Ireland 

767. Seasalter & Ham Oyster Co., Whitstable, Kent 



Ixvi Subject Index. 



.ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGE 

1048. Severn Fisheries Board 125 

778. Small fe Sons, W. T., 37 Brecknock Road, 48 King's Road, and 100 Newington 

Green Road, N 95 

769 Softley, R. T., Central Works, Row C3| King Street, Great Yarmouth 94 

758. Spratts' Patent, Henry Street, Bermondsey, S.E 94 

754. Stuart & Co., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh 92 

75ia. Stuart- Wortlcy, Col., Rosslyn House, Grove End Road St. John's Wood ; and Patent 

Museum, South Kensington 92 

7486. Wallscourt, Lord, Ardree, Oranmore, co. Galway 90 

741, 768. Whitstable Oyster Company 94 

773. Wiseman, Frederick, Paglesham, Rochford, Essex 95 

729. Woodhouse, C. Obins, O'Meath, co. Louth 89 

774. Woods, W. Fell, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E 15, 89, 95 

792. Wootton Oyster Fishery, Isle of Wight ..., 95 

795. Youl, James A., Waratah House, Clapham 96 

FISHING CRAFT (STEAM AND SAILING), ROPES 

AND CANVAS. 

I054. Her Majesty the Queen 126 

130. Albert Dock Shipwright, Boat Building, and Mast and Block-making Co., Limited, 

Hull 19 

93. Allan, D., & Co., Shipbuilders, Granton, near Edinburgh 16 

in. Anderson, Abbott & Anderson, 37 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 18 

121. Ayling, Edward, Auckland Street, Vauxhall, S.E 18 

85^. Ball, Mrs., 223 Evering Road, Upper Clapton 15 

101. Banks, George, 1 Henrietta Court, St. Thomas Street, Scarborough 17 

148. Barker, R. E., 15 Brooklyn Road, Shepherd's Bush 20 

113. Baxter, Alfred, Fish Docks, Grimsby 18 

80. Beavor Webb, J., 7 Albemarle Street, W 15 

115. Beeching Brothers, Great Yarmouth 18 

201. Belfast Ropework Company (The), Limited, Belfast, Ireland 24 

94a. Bell, E 16 

123. Berthon Boat Company, Limited, Works, Romsey, Hampshire ; London Office, 

72 Aldersgate Street, E.C 19 

172. Bertram, J., 241 King's Road, Chelsea, S.W 22 

144. Bishop, S., Fernbank Road, Redland, Bristol 20 

196. Blake, A. W., Great Yarmouth 16 

32a. Blewett, John, Newlyn 126 

94. Bracey & Son, Yarmouth 23 

181. Bradford, W. H., Great Saughall, near Chester 23 

Brayden, T., Ramsey, Isle of Man 132 

82. Britannia Steam Shipping Company, Limited, 4 Princess Terrace, Scarborough ... J5 

83. Brown, Alfred, H., 1 Waterloo Place, S.W 15 

207. Bullivant & Co., 72 Mark Lane, E.C 42 

178. Bundock, Thomas A., Leigh, near Southend-on-Sea, Essex 23 

116. Burdett-Coutts, W., 1 Stratton Street, W 18 

no. Burgoine, 0. & A., Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey 18 

147. Burt, F. A., 56 Grosvenor Road, S.W 20 

S6a. Burton, J., Plymouth , 15 

J36a. Cooper W. R. 20 

114. Cording, George, 125 Regent Street, and 231 Strand, W.C 18 

166. Cording, J. C., & Co., 19 Piccadilly, W 22 

225. Cornwall, Committee for .' 25 

136. Creasy, R. G. N., 27 Clement's Lane, E.C 20 

155. Critten, Henry, Cobholm, Southtown, Yarmouth 21, 45 

222. Davis, J. T., Coborn Road, Bow, , E 25 

204. Dixon, Corbitt, & Spencer, Teams Hemp and Wire Rope Works, Gateshead-upon- 

Tyne... 4l ... 24 

134. Doekar, Alexander, Garmouth, by Lochaber, N.B 20 

165. Donaldson, Robert, 5 Quay, Dumbarton, N.B 22 

155. Earl's Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Limited, Hull 21 

1057. Earlswood Asylum, Redbill, Surrey ". 12C 

209. Edgington, Benjamin, 2 Duke Street, London Bridge, S.E 25 

135. Edinburgh, H.R.H. the Duke of, K.U 20 

22$<ib. Edinburgh Roperie and Sailcloth Co., Bath Street, Leith, and Denistown Ropework, 

Glasgow, per James Pringle, Managing Partner 25 



Subject Index. Ixvii 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGE 

363. Emery, Lewis, Sherringham, Norwich 41 

191. Fail-brass, Herbert Wynne, Canterbury 23 

145. Findlay, George, Whitehills, Banff 20 

127. Fellows, H., & Son, Great Yarmouth 19 

193. Fleet, Dartmouth 23 

103. Forrestt & Son, Norway Yard, Limehouse, E ... 17 

198. Frost, Brothers, 11 London Street, E.G., and at Shadwell 24 

158. Garrood, Charles, South Lodge, Forest Hill, S.E '. 21 

32c. Geard, Mrs., Newlyn 127 

84a. Gearing, Arthur, 12 Warrington Street, N.W , 15 

Graves, Henry, Boadbuilder, Peel, Isle of Man , 133 

Green, Joseph, The Docks, Lerwick, Shetland 46 

91. Griffiths, Robert, 54 Gresham Street, E.C 16 

225a. Grimsby Coal, Salt and Tanning Company 25 

182. Gulston, G. S., Marston Lodge, Cheltenham 23 

131. Gunn, John, The Hermitage, Golspie, N.B 19 

180. Gurr, John, 5 Egbert Street, St. George's Road, Regent's Park, N.W 23 

32ag. Haly, E., Falmouth 127 

104. Hamilton, Daniel, Upper Main Street, Dunbar, N.B , , 17 

117. Hamilton, Marquis of, 2 Belgrave Square, S.W 18 

Harrison, Richard, Port St. Mary, Isle of Man 132 

205. Hawkins & Tipson, 52 & 53 Crutched Friars, E.C., and Globe Rope Works, 

Milwall, E ". 24 

81. Hawthorns & Co., Leith, N.B 15 

220. Hayward, Richard, & Co., Coker Sailcloth Works, Crewkerne, Somerset, and at 

93 Minories, London, E 25 

219. Hayward, Richard, & Sons, West Chinnock and Tail Mill, Somerset 25 

99. Hoad, James C., Jun., Rye, Sussex 17 

98. Hodgson, J. W., 48 Redboume Street, Hull 17 

96. Ingram, R.. Brock Farm Cottage, North Shields 17 

Isle of Man Steam Packet Company , 132 

97. Irvine, Francis, 14 Skene Street, Macduff, N.B 17 

176. Jackson (Agent), J. T. Grinrod, 2 Marine Terrace, New Brighton 22 

213. James, E. C., British Yacht Fleet, Hythe, Hants.. 25 

92. Jarvis, W., Ship and Boat Builder, Anstruther, N.B 16 

112. Jeans, John, 57 North Street, Poplar, E 18 

1055. Johnson, W 126 

167. Johnston, William, Scalloway, Shetland, N.B ... 22 

84. Jones, E., Percy S., Rother Ironworks Company, Limited, Rye, Sussex 15 

175. Kemp, Robert, Jun., Mutford Bridge, Lowestoft, Suffolk 22 

146. Keymer, H. J. C., The Fisheries Iron Works, Great Yarmouth 20 

164. King, J., & Co., 3 Colt Street, Limehouse, E. ., 21 

2. Knowles & Knowles, Zebu Works, Southcotes, Hull 7 

1047. Knowles, W., 53 Moscow Road, Bayswater 114 

78. Larkin, Samuel, 12 Billingsgate Market, E.C 15 

Laurence, John Robert, Fair Isle, Shetland 46 

139. Lee & Wight, Tweedmouth, Berwick-on-Tweed 20 

109. Leigh-Smith, R., 64 Gower Street, W.C 18 

gia. Liddell, Joseph, Sunderland 16 

125. Lightfoot, Charles, 19, Dover Street, Sittingbourne 19 

183. Lindsay, W. N., Leith 23 

206. London Steam Ropery Company, 12 Upper East Smithfield, E.; Bermondsey 

Wall, S.E.; and Admiralty Wharf, Lowestoft 24 

89. Long, James, 14 Southwark Street, S.E 16 

224. Love & Son, John, Denburn Rope Works, Kirkcaldy, N.B 25 

174. Loynes, John, Elm Hill, Norwich 22 

I70a. Lucas, J. M., Tintern Lodge, Kew Gardens 22 

Lucas, Kellor, Ramsey, Isle of Man 132 

32acZ. Mann, William, Newlyn 127 

184. McCubbin, James, Port Street, Annan, N.B ,. 23 

90a. McLachlan, William & Co., 42 East Clyde Street, Glasgow 1C 

192. MacLeod, B. B., 46 Clarges Street, W 23 

150. McMillan, Andrew, 32 Eton Street, Hessel Road, Hull ,.*,. 20 

32tZ. Mann, W., Newlyn 127 

87. Marks, William, 6 Highbury Quadrant, Highbury New Park, N 15 

2 



Ixviii Subject Index. 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PACK 

124. Meiter, C. W., & Co., 87 Graceclmrch Street, E.C 19 

133. Messuin, E. & Sons, Lansdowne Boat House, Lower Road, Richmond, Surrey 19 

85. Metaxa, Count and Countess, 9, Norwood Terrace, Southsea 15 

108. Metcalf & Wood, Albert Dock LOCKS, Hull , 18 

215. Mitchell, Andrew, & Co., Princes Square, Glasgow 25 

yzai. Mitchell, Robert, Port Isaac 127 

161. Moir, James, 11 Upper Grove Place, Edinburgh 21 

133. Moore, W. F., & Son, Tromode, Douglas, Isle of Man 7 

120. Mundalil, C. M., Fish Docks, Grimsby 18 

32r. Nicholas, J., Land's End 126 

Orkney, the Commissioners of Supply for 46 

141. Park, John, Fraserburgh, N.B. 20 

IOO. Peterkin, J. C., & Co., Lossiemouth, Elgin 17 

32/. Pezzack, William, Newlyn 127 

I27. Pickering, W. A 19 

218. Pintsch's Patent Lighting Company, Metropolitan Chambers, New Broad Street, 

E.C 25 

Qualtrough & Co., Douglas, Isle of Man 132 

Qualtrough, Joseph, Port St. Mary, Isle of Man 132 

Quiggin & Co., Douglas, Isle of Man 133 

189. Rae, John, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., &c., 4 Addison Gardens, South Kensington, W. ... 23 

yah. Rashleigh, E. W., Kilmarth 127 

216. Richards & Co., Aberdeen 25 

Richards, B., Penzance.... 127 

Roberts, Henry, Mevagissey 127 

106. Roper, Richard, 143 Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E 17 

102. Rosher, Charles Henry, 23 Fulham Park Gardens, S.W 17 

90. Ross & Duncan, Whitfield Works, Govan, Glasgow 16 

202. Rutherfurd Bros., Ingram Street, Glasgow ' 24 

118. Sayer & Co., 100 Lower Thames Street, E.C 18 

132. Searle & Sons, Stangate, Lambeth, S.E 19 

129. Shipwrecked Fishermen's and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society, Hibernian 101 

Chambers, London Bridge, S.E 19 

107. Sharp & Murray, Cellardyke, Fifeshire, N.B 18 

22L Shaw, John, Soho Street, Sheffield 25 

79. Sims & Toozes, 10 Park Street, Hull 15 

169. Smith, George & John, Rock Channel Shipyard, Rye, Sussex 22 

32cm. Stephens, J., & Son, Ashfield, Falmouth 128 

119. Stephen, William, & Sons, Marine Parade, Dundee 18 

173. Steven, George, Boatbuilder and Fisherman, Gardenetown, Banffshire, N.B 22 

159. Summers, Andrew, 42 Cairnbulg, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire 21 

88. Swinburne, Thomas A., Eilan Shona, Salen, Ardgour, N.B 16 

208. Sutton Brothers, Lopen Mills, near Ilminster, Somerset 25 

138. Tagg, T. G., The Island, Hampton Court 20 

160. Tamer, G. Edward, 35 High Street, Marylebone, W. ..' 21 

151. Taylor, Alexander, Boat Builder and Fish Curer, Sandhaven, Fraserburgh 21 

170. Teasdel, William, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk 22 

199. Thomson, M. C., 67 Great Clyde Street, Glasgow, and ISA Basinghall Street, 

E.C 24 

Tudor, John R., 5 Magdalen Road, St. Leonards 47 

137. Tyzack, B. C., 13 Preston Road, North Shields 20 

102. Unite, John, 291 Edgware Road, W 24 

143. Upham, J. W. and A., Brixham, Devon 20 

152. Wales, H.R.H. the Princess of 21 

142. Wallis, Whitworth, 4 The Residences, South Kensington Museum, S.W 20 

32*. Wallis, W., Newlyn 126 

8ia. Ward, T. Wilson, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft , 15 

188. Ward, Rowland, & Co., Naturalists, 166 Piccadilly, W 23 

200. Warrington Wire Rope Works, Limited, 13 Goree Piazza, Liverpool ; and War- 

rington 24 

163. Watson, John, 29 North Portland Street, Glasgow 21 

Watson, T., Shipbuilder, Peel, Isle of Man -. 132 

148. Weatherhead, James, Eyemouth, Berwickshire , 20 

Webster, Francis & Sons, Alma Works, Arbroath 24 

Whetham,jS., & Sons, 40 Gracechurch Street, E.C., and Bridport, Dorset 13 



Subject Index. Ixix 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGE 

162. Wilkins, Frederic, 55 Poland Street, W 21 

32ae. Williams, W., Mousehole 127 

126. Wiseman, Frederick, Paglesham, Rochford, Essex 19 

149. Wilson, Peter, Offices of the Fisheries, Girvan, Ayrshire, Scotland 20 

32cte. Williams, William, Mousehole 127 

168. Witherwick, J., Hull 22 

177. Woodcock, J. P., 23 Abingdon Street, Westminster 22 

95. Woodger, Henry Lamble, 9 Haddo Terrace, Scarborough, Yorkshire 17 

122. Wright, J. P., 3 Park Koad, Eed Hill, Surrey 18 

105. Young, Sir Allen, 5 St. James' Street, S.W 17 

INVERTEBRATES. 

764. Armistead Joseph J., Solway Fishery, Dumfries, N.B 94 

771. Austen, A 94 

816. Baylis, Wm. H., 35 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, W.C 101 

804. Bolton, Thomas, 57 New Hall Street, Birmingham 100 

810. Brassey, Lady, Normanhurst Court, Battle, Sussex 100 

811. Brazenor, Charles, 39 Lewes Koad, Brighton 100 

817. Brazier, Albert, Southwick, Brighton, Sussex 101 

805. Brotherston, Andrew, Shedden Park Road, Kelso 100 

812. Burroughs, Lieut.-Geu. F. W. Traill, C.B., Rousay, Orkney, N.B 100 

831. Carrington, J. T., F.L.S., Royal Aquarium, Westminster 104 

814. Clark, John, 17 Royal Exchange Square, Glasgow 101 

765. Corbigny, H. de, Auray, Morbihau " 94 

806. Cook, James, 3 Moss Street, Paisley, N.B 100 

8i5. Dohrn, Dr., Naples 101 

808. Drake, J., 37 Burghley Road, Highgate Road, N 100 

8i6. Edinburgh, H.R.H. the Duke of, K.G., Clarence House, St. James's, S.W. ..; 101 

825. Eedle, J., 40 Goldsmith Row, Hackney Road, N.E 103 

818. Fiudlay, George, Whitehills, Banff. 101 

823. Franck, S. M., 55 St. Mary Axe, E.C 101 

Soga. Gardner, Miss (the collection of the late Mrs. Gardner) 100 

Goldsmith, H., Ramsey, Isle of Man 133 

Kermox, P. M. C., Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

8o8a, 8230, 823?), 826(1 Henry Lee, Margate 100, 102, 103, 129 

819. 827, 32bh. Laughrin, William, Polperro, Cornwall 101, 103 

820. Lovell, Matilda Sophie, Calke Abb , Derby , 101 

828. Lovett, Edward, 55 George Strt-*-., Croydon 104 

824. Mclntosh, Prof., M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., University St. Andrews, and Murthly, N.B. 102 

821. McLachlan, W. B., 21 McDowell Street, Edinburgh 101 

8iia. Masters, Albert, 30 Golden Square, W 100 

829. Poland Brothers, Billingsgate 104 

809. Rapp, L. F., 4 Grove Place, West End, Hammersmith, S.W 100 

830. Sayer & Co., 100 Lower Thames Street and Billingsgate, E.C 104 

82ia. Smith, W. Anderson, Benderloch, N.B 101 

826. Thomson, John, 1 Main Street, Inverallochy, Fraserburgh, N.B 103 

8140. Tudor, John R., St. Leonards-on-Sea 101 

807. Whitstable Company of Free Fishers and Dredgers, in the County of Kent, known 

as ' Wliitstable Oyster Company," Thomas G. Browning, Clerk, Whitstable ... 100 

8i5M3ia. Woods, W. Fell, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E 101,104 

8136. Wright, Bryce, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., &c., 204 Regent Street, W 101 

815. Young, Archibald, Advocate, Inspector of the Salmon Fisheries of Scotland, 22 

Royal Circus, Edinburgh 101 

LIFEBOATS, LIFE-SAVING APPARATUS. 

342. Acheson, Joseph, Ballyane Park, New Ross, co. Wexford 37 

383. Atkins, William, & Elias Parsons, Lime Cottage, Battersea Rise, S.W 

401. Attye, Miss, Guyscliff, Milberton, Leamington 4G 

362. Baker, J. M. B., Hammersmith, W 

348. Baharie & Adamson, 7 Lawrence Street, & 3 Nilo Street, Sunderlaud 

359a. Balch, W., 6 Haddington Terrace, Greenwich 

380. Ballardie, D., 41 Robertson Street, Glasgow J* 

357. Beeching Brothers, Ship and Boat Builders, Great Yarmouth 

353. Berney, George Duckett, Morton Hall, Norwich 

382. Birt, J. & A. W., 42 Dock Street, London Docks, E 4 ^ 



Ixx Subject Index. 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PAOB 

392. Board of Trade, Whitehall Gardens, S.W , , 45 

340. Boyd, William, F.R.S.A., Peterhead, N.B 37 

406a. Bradford, W. H., Great Langhall, near Chester 47 

390. Brassey, Lady, Normanlmrst Castle, Battle, Sussex 43 

350. British and Foreign Boat-lowering Apparatus Company, 11 West India Dock 

Road, Liniehouse, E 39 

400. Bromell, William, 8 Egerton Grove, Hulrae, Manchester 45 

399. Col well, Charles, Kothsay Villa, Southtown, Great Yarmouth 45 

356. Copeman, E. S., Downham Market, Norfolk, & 4 Victoria Street, Westminster, 

S.W 40 

398. Critten, Henry, Southtown, Yarmouth 45 

407. Crofton, Commander the Hon. F. G., R.N., Harbour House, Kingstown, Ireland .., 47 

357. Davis, J., 6 King's Terrace, Back of Walls, Southampton 40 

376. Davis & London, 135 Tottenham Court Koad, W.C 42 

351. Dean, Elizabeth, Godwin Eoad, Hastings 39 

337. Dent, Edwin, 6 New Saint Mark Street, Dansome Lane, Hull 37 

371. Edinburgh, H.R.H. the Duke of, KG., Clarence House, St. James's, S.W 41 

363. Emery, Lewis, Sherringham, Norwich 41 

354. Forrestt & Son, Norway Yard, Limehouse, & Britannia Yard, Mill wall, E 40 

378. Gray, J., & Son, 153 Edgware Road, W 42 

336. Gray, J. W., & Son, 115 Leadenhall Street, E.C 37 

343. Griffith, Rees Morris, Bridlington, East Yorks 37 

405. Hall, W. H 47 

346. Hamblin, Nathaniel, Jun., 57 Bow Lane, Poplar, W.E 38 

381. Hammond, R. C., 11 Stourcliffe Street, Edgware Road, W 42 

406. Harland, H. S., Stanbridge, Staplefield, Crawley 47 

344. Hedgcock, F. J., 34 Great Ormond Street, Queen's Square, W.C 38 

341. Hicks, John, 6 Breed's Place, Hastings 37 

361. Hill & Clark, 6 Westminster Chambers, S.W 41 

364. Holmes, Nathaniel J., 8 Great Winchester Street, E.C 41 

343a. Hudson, Robert, Blyth, Northumberland 37 

345. Humble, William, & Son, Limekiln Shore, North Shields 38 

402. Jaques, R. D. Agent : A. Inderwick, 27 Bedford Row, W.C 46 

404. Kew, Thomas John, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk 47 

366. King, J., & Co., Boat Builder, Three Colt Street, Limehouse, E 41 

395. Lacey, Richard G., 4 Goulden Street, Battersea, Surrey 45 

385. Lambart, Lieut.-Col. Hon. O. G., 10 Cliff Pu.. do, Sou thend- on-Sea 43 

349. Leslie, W., & Hamblin, N., Boat Builders, New a oad, Blackwall 39 

352. Low & Duff, Albert Machine Works, Dundee 39 

389. Meteorological Office 43 

397. Penhey, William H., 4 Sherlaud Villas, Twickenham 45 

408. Pichler, S. F., 162 Great Portland Street, W , 47 

42a. Pocock Bros., 235 Southwark Street, S.E 37 

3393. Robbing, John, Latimer Place, Latimer Street, South Birmingham 45 

377. Rogers, John Banting, Richmond House, Holloway Road, N 42 

358. Roper, Richard, 143 Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E 40 

359. Rose, R., & Co., 72 Leadenhall Street, E.C 40 

369. Royal National Lifeboat Institution, 14 John Street, Adelphi, W.C 41 

407a. Salmon, R., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth 47 

394. Sample & Ward, Blyth 45 

355. Sexton, Joseph, 3 & 4 Great Winchester Street, E.C 40 

348a. Shepherd, H. C. W., Hull House, Raglan Street, Lowestoft 

339. Simon, J., Rue Ponderense, St. Martin, Guernsey 37 

403. Snoulter, W. G., 96 High Street, Poplar, E 46 

373. Steedman & McAlister, Cathcart Street, Glasgow 42 

355a. Sugden, Lieut. S. S., R.N., Woodford, Essex 40 

Tardiff, J. R., St. Martin's Guernsey 47 

Teasdel, William, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth 88 

Timmis, Illius Augustus, 17 Great George Street, Westminster, S.W 41 

409. Tipping, H. G. I., R.N 48 

391. Trinity House, Elder Brethren of, Tower Hill, E.C 44 

375. Ward, Alfred, Kilburn Baths, Kilburn, N.W 42 

384. Way the, William E., Echline House, Princes Road, Great Yarmouth 42 

353. Wentworth, Messrs., 12 Museum Street, W.C 39 

374. Wilkins, William, Queen's Road, Tunbridge Wells 42 



Subject Index. Ixxi 



NUMBERS. PAGB 

365. Williams, A. H., 1 St. Mary's Eoad, Peckham, S.K 41 

379. Wood, John William, 34 Great St. Helens, E.0 42 

387. Woolfe, F. W., & Son, 46 Lower Shadwell, & Middle Shadwell, E 43 

372. Workshop for the Blind of Kent 41 

386. Wright, James, 15 Jamaica Koad, Bermondsey, S.E 43 

338. Young, Lambton, C.E., 16 Harcourt Terrace, Eedcliile Square, S.W 37 

MACHINERY, &c.. 

718. Abbott, J. & Co., Newark-on-Trent ',, 85 

726a. Atkins, Chas., & Nisbet, 1 Water Lane, Great Tower Street, E.C 86 

696. Barton, C. E., Providence Works, 56 & 58 Eastgate, Great Grimsby 82 

701. Bateman, O. H., & Co., Limited, Enst Greenwich 83 

709. Beck, J., & Co., 130 Great Suffolk Street, South wark, S.E 84 

705. Bell-Coleman Refrigerating Company, 45 West Nile Street, Glasgow 83 

699. Brooke, J. W., Adrian Iron Works, Lowestoft 82 

715, 723. Clark, Bunnett, & Co., Limited, 4 Eathbone Place, W 85, 86 

698. Clowes & Sons, Limited, Duke Street, Stamford Street, S.E 82 

694a. Davey, Paxman & Co., Colchester 82 

714. Davis & Co., 24 Moorgate Street, E.C 85 

703. Dodman, Alfred, Highgate Foundry, King's Lynn 83 

7i2. Duncan Brothers, Engineers, 32 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 84 

794. Easton, Edward, & Euss, William 96 

700. Gilding & Silvering Company, 89 Edgware Eoad, W 83 

695 Hall, J. & E., 23 St. Swithin's Lane, B.C., and Dartford Iron Works, Kent 82 

713. Haslam Foundry & Engineering Company, Limited, Union Foundry, Derby 85 

793. Hayes, John, 27 Leadenhall Street, E.C 96 

702. Hindley, Edward, Bourton, Dorset 83 

711. Jones, F. & Co 84 

710. Keymer, H. J. C., The Fisheries' Iron Works, Great Yarmouth 84 

6946. Kingsford Courtney, Lea Chemical Works, Victoria Park, E 82 

717. Mitchell & Son, Kirkcaldy, N.B 85 

697. .Piston Freezing Machine and Ice Company, 301 & 303 Oxford Street, W 82 

722. Priestman, Bros., 52 Queen Victoria Street, and Hull 86 

706. Eausome, Allen & Co., King's Eoad, Chelsea 83 

712. Eose, Downs & Thompson, Old Foundry, Hull ; and Kingston Works, Grimsby ... 84 

704. Euston, Proctor & Co., Lincoln 83 

719. Shields, John & Co., Wallace Works, Perth 85 

720. Siddeley & Co., 14 Upper William Street, Liverpool 86 

716. Siebe, Gorman & Co., 187 Westminster Bridge Eoad, S.E. ; and Neptune Works, 

Mason Street, Lambeih 85 

724. Swansea Waggon Company, Swansea 86 

70ia. Temple, Captain E., 51 Queen Victoria Street 83 

725. Thomas, E. C. G., National Club, Whitehall, W.C 86 

726. Turner Gas Engine Company, St. Albans 86 

7I3. United Asbestos Company, 161 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 85 

708. Vulcan Iron Works Company, Scott Street, Hull 83 

707. Willans & Eobinson, Ferry Works, Thames Ditton, Surrey 83 

721. Woolf, Yeatman & Co., 119 New Bond Street 86 

MAMMALS, BIRDS, AND REPTILES. 

954^. Amherst, Mrs. Margaret, 88 Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, W 115 

95& 973- Ashmead, G. B., & Co. (Naturalists), 35 Bishopsgate Street, E.C 115, 116 

836. Bartlett, A. D., & Son, Zoological Gardens, Eegent's Park, N.W 104 

950. Brighton Aquarium Company 

957. Burroughs, Lieut.-Gen. F. W. Traill, C.B., Eousay, Orkney, N.B 

948, 953, 969. Burton & Son, H. J., 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, W.C 114, 116 

951, 970. Butt, George F., 49 Wigmore Street, W 115 11 

974. Carr, Mrs. Walter Paterson, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 

971. Cooke, T., & Son, Naturalists, 30 Museum Street, W.C 116 

975. Eastwood, G. J., Cheshunt, Herts 

959,976. Eedle, T., 40 Goldsmith Eow, Hackney Eoad, N.E 115,11 

977. Eyre, Henry Binford, Elgin Lodge, AVey bridge Hj* 

960. Fraser, Simon, 11 Huntly Place, Inverness, N.B 

042,972. Gardner, James, 29 Oxford Street, W H*> JJ 

961, 979. Gunn, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich H5> " 



Ixxii Subject Index. 



ROTATION 
NUMBERS. 



962. 980. Helstrip, C., 13 St. Saviour's Place, York 115, 117 

963. Hodges, W. J., Aucuba Villa, Lavender Hill, S.W 115 

964. Hewlett, W., High Street, Newmarket 116 

965. Jardine, Alfred George, 38 Old Change, E.C 116 

Kinvig, J. H., Castletown, I. of Man 134 

7990, 99ia. Lee, Henry, Margate 117, 1] 

954. Liggins, Mrs. Henry, 3 Ladbroke Square, W 115 

993. Mantua and Montferrat, H.M.S.H. Prince of, 16 Elgin Road, St. Peter's Park, W. 

898. Moore Brothers, 36 Newsham Drive, Newshain Park, Liverpool 110 

86ia. Moore, Robert L., D.L., Moluman, Londonderry 106 

98la. Newbury Angling Association 117 

906. Pickhardt, G., 45 Crossland Road, N.W Ill 

979. Pugh, R. L., 16 Comeragh Road, West Kensington, W 117 

8616. Reeves, Robert W. C 106 

966, 979^. Roberts, Thomas, Castle Meadow, Norwich 116, 117 

967. Sachs, Thomas Ransom, 22 Hyde Park Place, "W 116 

945. Scott, Harry, Forbes House, Surrey, 28 Belgrave Square 114 

98oa. Silver Trout Angling Club 117 

968. Snowie, Hugh & Sons, Church Street, Inverness 116 

934a. Whale, J., 74 Leadenhall Street, E.C '. 

981. Williams, A., 97 Victoria Road, Dundee 117 

987. Wright, Bryce, 204 Regent Street, W 117 

IO47a. Zoological Society, Hanover Square, W 124 

MODELS OF HARBOURS, &c. (INCLUDING- APPLI- 
ANCES FOR BREAKING THE FORCE OF THE SEA). 

311. Aberdeen Harbour Commissioners, per W. Smith, Harbour Engineer, Aberdeen... 35 
4i3<x. Bowman, J., 22 Square, Huntly, Aberdeenshire, N.B 48 

312. Cathcart, Lady Gordon 35 

413. Gillings, James, 19 Havelock Road, Great Yarmouth 48 

309. Great Eastern Railway Company, A. A. Langley, Liverpool Street Station, E.C. ... 35 
Insular Government, Isle of Man 134 

411. Leeds, L. W., 98 Old Jewry, E.C 48 

308. Liardet, John Evelyn, 8 Breakspear Road, Wickharn Park, Brockley, S.E 35 

315. Lumsden, Captain Robert, 12 Maiden Street, Peterhead 35 

1045. Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Home 124 

310. Stuart & Company, 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh, and Church Row, Limehouse, 

E 35 

412. Teasdel, William, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk 48 

3i5, 409^1, 1049. Thomas, E. C. G., care of Messrs. King & Co., 65 Cornhill 35, 48, 125 

4130. Wilkins, Frederic, C.E., 55 Poland Street, W 48 

OILS, MANURES, &c. APPLIANCES FOR PREPARING SAME. 
1039. Anglo-Norwegian Guano, Phosphate & Isinglass Co., Limited, Dashwood House, 

New Broad Street, E.C 124 

66oa. Anglo-Swedish Co., Limited, 23 Old Change, E.C 75 

657. Blundell, Spence & Co., Limited, 9 Upper Thames Street, E.C. ; and Hull 74 

655. Carr, Win. Graham, & Son, 63 High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 74 

606. Cormack, John Lybster, N.B , 71 

32&e. Cornish Sardine Company, Mevagissey 128 

658. Dales, John T., 287 Crystal Palace Koad, S.E 74 

Henry, James Hay, Macduff, N.B 73 

32bg. Laughrin, William, Polperro, Cornwall 74, 128 

559. Linton, Ralph Tait, 8 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh 75 

617. McCombie, J., & Son, Peterhead, N.B 73 

660. Sinclair, William, Drumbeg, Donegal 75 

6606, 32ftd, 32e/. Sullivan, A., Newlyn West, Hants 69, 75, 128 

OYSTER DREDGES, CRAB, LOBSTER, AND PRAWN POTS. 

65. Ascroft, Robert Lamb, 17 Barratt Street, Southport 14 

32w. Chard, John, Falmouth 127 

%2ic, yzaq. Climo, J. E., Fowey ]27 

32y. Collins, Leonard, Port Isaac 127 

63. Damon, Robert, 4 Pulteney, Weymouth 14 

3. De Caux, J. W., Great Yarmouth 7 



Subject Index. Ixxiii 



EOTATION 

NUMBEBS. PAOB 

4. Folkestone, Mayor of 7 

32v. George, M., Land's End 126 

77 a > *4/ Grimsby Coal, Salt and Tanning Company 15 

64. Hogarth, Rowland, Saltcoats, near Manchester 14 

66. Hurd, Richard, 6 York Buildings, Eastbourne, Sussex 14 

72. Ide, William, Bognor, Sussex 14 

32x. Kerkin, J., Mevagissey 127 

71. King, George Hoadley, Sea Horse House, 165 Great Portland Street, W 14 

32^. Laughrin, W., Polperro. 127 

62. Levack, Donald, Aukengill by Wick, Caithness, N.B 14 

77. Mann, T. J., Bishops Stortford 15 

1033. Moloney, A., Church Koad, Richmond, Surrey 125 

70. Paterson, George, 4 Market Street, Macduff, N.B 14 

32^. Paynter, J., Bocastle 127 

69. Pen-in, Charles, Selsey, near Chichester, Sussex 14 

61. Plummer, Lewis, Mast Yard, Sandside, Scarborough 14 

67. Ritchie, William, 9 Mid Street, Rosehearty, Aberdeenshire 14 

68. Saunders, George, Selsey, Chichester 14 

75. Schreiber, Carl G. Ton, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft 15 

59 Softley, R. T., Central Works, King Street, Great Yarmouth 14 

32^ Thomas, James, Porthleven 127 

73. Thomas, J. J., & Co., 87 Queen Victoria Street, E.C. ; 285 & 362 Edgware 

Road, W 14 

60. Thompson, Hartley, Girvan, Ayrshire 14 

74. Thomson, William, 8 Lowshore, Macduff, N.B 14 

75. Watt, Charles, Jun., Pennan, Fraserburgh, N.B 14 

Woods, W. Fell, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E 15 

PEARLS, MOTHER OF PEARL, CORALS, ETC., FOR 
USEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL PURPOSES. 

661. Abrahams, Arthur, Crystal Palace, Sydenham, S.E 75 

673. Barker, John, & Co., High Street, Kensington, W .' 77 

662. Biglioschi, V., 101 Ledbury Road, Bayswater, W. 75 

667. Borough Leather Warehouse Company, 134 High Street, Southwark, S.E 75 

691. Brassey, Lady, Normanhurst Court, Battle 78 

674. Cresswell, R.t& Co., Red Lion Square, W.C 77 

686. Davidson, John, Wick, N.B 78 

669. Davis, A. A., 46 Buckingham Road, Southgate Road. N 76 

689. Davis, Stephen, 50 Fann Street, Aldersgate Street, E.C 78 

684. De Giovanni, G., Cavaliere, 38 Wellington Street, Camden Town, N.W 78 

692. De Jacobis, Rinaldo, 215 St. John Street, Clerkenwell, E.C 79 

506(7. Doulton & Co., Lambeth 57 

681. Ferguson, Mary, Mill Hill House, Musselburgh, N.B 78 

693. Francati & Santamaria, 65 Hatton Garden, W.C 79 

672. Giobertini & Co., Paris and Naples 77 

687. 6936. Goldsmiths' and Silversmiths' Company, 112 Regent Street, London, W. 78, 79 
665. Greek & Co., 9 Rathbone Place, Oxford Street, W 75 

6930. Hermann, James, 12 Edward St., Hampstead Rd., N.W 79 

79Oa. Hugrnan, J. C., Montague St., Hammersmith 

668. Jacques, John, Royal Aquarium, Westminster, S.W 76 

663. Jardine, Mrs. Alfred, 18 Albion Square, Dalston 75 

672. King, W., 30 Hardwick Street, Dublin .'. 77 

676. Lamb, Mrs. C. S., 76 Clifton Hill, St. John's Wood, N.W 77 

66oe. Lee, Henry, Margate 75 

683. Maples, Misses H. & E., Elmsford House, Spalding 78 

685. Mappin & Webb, Norfolk Street, Sheffield 78 

664. Mappin, Brothers, 220 & 222 Regent Street, W., and London Bridge, E.C 7a 

677. Markwald & Co., 2 Talbot Court, Gracechurch Street, E.C 77 

680. Marsh, John Victor, 175 Piccadilly, W 78 

688. Marshall, John, 92 Peckham Park Road, S.E 78 

682. Melillo, G., Brighton 78 

679. Mortimer, M. A., 1 Blessington Street, Dublin 

678. Neal, John, 44-48 Edgware Road, W 7 J 

676a. Oulman Fils, & Co., 1 Ely Place, Holborn Circus, W.C 77 

668a. Phillips, Brothers, & Son, 23 Cockspur Street, W.C t(i 



Ixxiv Subject Index. 



KOTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGE 

675. Buffo, W., 142 Hampstead Eoad, N.W 77 

694^ Salviati Burke & Co., 311A Regent St., W 79 

666. Samuel, M., & Co., 31 Houndsditch, E.C 75 

690. Small, J. W., Beith, Ayrshire 78 

803. Smout, Mary, 8 Trinity Street, Hastings 100 

693*1. Stanford, Edward Charles, F.C.S., Dalmuir, Dumbartonshire 79 

694. Thompson, Henry James, Upper Walmer, Kent 79 

687a. Trotnmn, Samuel, 55 Lillie Eoad, Fulham, S.W 78 

670. Votieri, John, 315 Camden Road, Holloway 76 

671. Ward, Rowland, & Co., Naturalists, 166 Piccadilly 76 

PERSONAL EQUIPMENT, FOOD & MEDICINE, DWELL- 
INGS, PARTNERSHIPS, INSURANCES, BENEFIT 
SOCIETIES. 
543,1051. Allen, Edward Ellis, 111 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W 63,125 

518. Anderson, Abbott and Anderson, 37 Queen Victoria Street, E.C. ,. 60 

1050. A Riverside Danish Fishing Tent 125 

5i8a. Bain, Mrs. George, Eaton Road, Hampstead 60 

275. Bishop, E., Portland Road, South Norwood 31 

yzay. Bostock, F., London . 128 

524. Brand, H. & E., Broad Row and Trinity Quay, Great Yarmouth 60 

548. Brebner, Thomas, Builder, Fraserburgh, Aberdeen shire ; 63 

54pd. British and Foreign Bible Society, 146 Queen Victoria Street, E.C 64 

i^d. Bygrave, John, Fish Dock Road, Great Grimsby 10 

517. Galley & Co., 148 Fenchurch Street, E.C 60 

273. Cameron, Major G. A , .* 31 

549. Chambers, Oldham, & Willins, Messrs., Bank Plain, Norwich 63 

519. Chisim, Angus, 140 & 144 Corporation Street, Belfast 60 

32aiv. Cotton, Miss, Newlyn 128 

525. Craib, James, & Son, 20 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B 60 

1054. Grossman, J. H., 31 Curzon Street, W 126 

545. Dean, Mrs. Elizabeth, 2 Godwin Road, Hastings 63 

140. Duke, James, Bethlehem Street, Grimsby 9 

536. Edmunds, Joseph, 134 Pentonville Road, N 63 

235. Excelsior Tin Plate Company, Gravel Lane, Southwark 28 

522. Forbes, William, 33 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B ' 60 

3066. Gilding & Silvering Company, 89 Edgware Road, W. ; W. S. Gorer, Manager 35 

547. Greenwood, William, & Co., 60 Market Street, Manchester 63 

32x. Guy, James, Newyln 128 

529. Hall, John, 20 Shore, Macduff, N.B 62 

521,534. Henry, James Hay, The Pharmacy, Macduff, N.B 60,62 

32aw. Hicks, William, Looe 128 

247. Hine, Parker & Co., 13 & 14 Milk Street, and 24 Gresham Street, E.C 29 

1038. Humphreys, J. C., Albert Gate, High Road, Knightsbridge 123 

528. Johnson, J. W., & Sons, Manufacturers, Great Yarmouth 62 

549. Lawrenceson, L., Lerwick, Shetland 63 

538. Liggins, Henry, 3 Ladbroke Square, Netting Hill 63 

541. Linton, R. T., Edinburgh & Leith; Office, 8 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh 63 

546. Mackenzie, R., Master of Works, Campbeltown, Argyleshire, N.B 63 

544. Maclean, J. Archibald, of Pennycross, Pennyghael, Isle of Mull by Oban 63 

1046. Manufacturers' & Millowners' Association... 124 

542. McCall, John, & Co., 137 Houndsditch, E.C 63 

535. Mitchell & Muil, Aberdeen 63 

532. Ncedham, A. J., 14 Hammersmith Terrace, E.C 62 

533. Nestle, Henri, 9 Snow Hill, E.C 62 

32az. Olver, D., Looe 128 

I4&. Palmer, Enoch, Cleethorpes Road, Grimbsby 9 

1052. Parrett, Forest Hill & Brockley 125 

531. Pilkington, W., 180 East India Dock Road, Poplar 62 

32av. Peel, Mrs., Trenant Park, Duloe 128 

53ia. Preist & Co., 514 Oxford Street, W 62 

539. Prevet, C., & Co., late Chollet & Co., 134 Fenchurch Street, E.C 63 

283. Prout, S., Silver Street, Regent Street, W 31 

520. Ross, W. R., 23Longate Street, Peterhead, N.B 60 

32&6. Howe, James, Mousehole 128 



Subject Index. Ixxv 



NUMBERS. PAGE 

549&. Shipwrecked Fishermen's and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society^ Hibernian 

Chambers, London Bridge ..... 64 

1045. Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Home 124 

530. Siebe, Gorman & Co., 147 Westminster Bridge Road, S.E 62 

5490. Thames Church Mission to Seamen, Fishermen, &c., 31 New Bridge Street, Lud- 

gate Circus 64 

523. Tippitt, SOD, & Co., Plymouth 60 

230. Unite, John, 291 & 293 Edgware Road, W 26 

. 532. Walker & Harrison, Phoenix Biscuit Works, Ratcliff Cross, E 62 

310. Whiting, H. G., 11 Poultry Chambers, Cheapside, E.C 62 

527. Wentworth, Messrs., 12 Museum Street, W.C 60 

1036. Willesden Paper Company's Fisherman's Cottage .*.. 123 

306(1. Wilson Engineering Company, Holborn, W.C 35 

526. Wilson, William, Albert House, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed 60 

PICTURES. (See also Fine Art Section.) 

846. Campbell, Lord Colin, 79, Cadogan Place, S.W 105 

Craine, J., Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

Dean, G. A., Douglas, Isle of Man 134 

32a?7i. Gibson, J., Penzance 127 

9940. Gunn, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich 121 

Lewis, A., Douglas, Isle of Man 134 

1043. London Stereoscopic Company 124 

537. Marchant, Mrs. H., 29 Tabor Grove, New Wimbledon 63 

33aZ. Orchard, William, St. Austell , 127 

PURIFICATION OF STREAMS. 

797. Manufacturers' and Millowners' Mutual Aid Association, 5 The Sanctuary, 

Westminster, S.W , 96 

798. Native Guano Company, Limited, Sewage Works, Aylesbury 96 

REPORTS, STATISTICS AND LITERATURE. 

1003. Arnold, John William, 9 Park Street, Deal 121 

1004. Barnett, James, Kirk wall, Orkney 121 

1005. Bates, W., Publisher, "Land and Water," 176 Fleet Street, E.C 121 

I028a. Berney, George Duckett, Morton Hall, Norwich 123 

1006. Capel, Charles Cecil, Cray Fishery, Foot's Cray, Kent 121 

994. De Caux, J. M., Great Yarmouth 121 

1022. Cholmondeley-Pennell, H., 5 Cadogan Terrace, S.W 122 

982. Day, Dr. Francis, Leamington House, Cheltenham 117 

1007. Exeter, Marquis of, Burghley House, Stamford 121 

Q04a. Faber, G. L., Her Britannic Majesty's Consulate, Fiume. Beroard Quaritch, 15 

Piccadilly, W 321 

1008. Fishery Board for Scotland, Edinburgh 121 

1009. Foster, D. & W. H., Ashbourn, Derbyshire 121 

Fryer, C. E., Home Office, S.W 123 

Gibbs, Miss Florence M 121 

1010. Gresham Angling Society, Mason's Hall Tavern, Mason's Avenue, Basinghall 

Street, E.C 121 

1012. Harding, Charles W., Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., King's Lynn, Norfolk 122 

1013. Holdsworth, E. W. H., 40 Pall Mall, S.W 122 

984. Houghton, Rev. William, M.A., F.L.S., Preston Rectory, Wellington, Shropshire 117 

1015. Inspectors of Irish Fisheries, Dublin Castle, Dublin 122 

1016. Knowles, James, Cambridge 122 

985. Laughrin, William, Polperro, Cornwall * 117 

1017. Lovell, Matilda Sophia, Catke Abbey, Derby 122 

1023. Low, Sampson, Marston & Co., Publishers, 188 Fleet Street, E.C 122 

1019. Mackenzie, W., 69 Ludgate Hill, E.C 

t 996. Newton & Eskell, High Holborn 1 2 J 

995. Olsen, O. T., Fish Dock Road, Grimsby 1^1 

1020. Olsen, T., Fish Dock Road, Grimsby J*? 

99 6a. Price, P. E. B 121 

986. Quaritch, Bernard, 15 Piccadilly, W J*J 

1024. Satchel!, W., 19 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, W.C J** 

1025. Smith, John, Brighton House, Winchester Road, Kilbuni l ^ 



Ixxvl Subject Index. 



ROTATION 

NUMBERS. PACK 

997. Snowdon, J. P., 59 Queen's Road, St. John's Wood, N.W 121 

Tellett, F. S., Ramsey, Isle of Man 134 

1026. Trent Conservators' Board 122 

1027. Tulloch, C., 12 Rodolph Road, Maida Hill, W 122 

1001. Wheldon, John, 58 Great Queen Street. W.C 121 

999. "Whitstable Company of Free Fishers and Dredgers in the County of Kent, known 

as " Whitstable Oyster Company" 121 

1028. Wilkins, Frederic, C.E., 55 Poland Street, W 123 

Woods, W. Fell, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E 123 

SALMON NETS AND FIXED APPLIANCES. 

419. Berwick Salmon Fisheries Co. (Limited), Berwick-on-Tweed 51 

416. Davidson, George & William, 18 Regent Quay, Aberdeen 51 

421. Foyle and Bann Fisheries, Fishery Oflice, Londonderry, Ireland 51 

420. Parker, William, Chairman of the Board of Conservators of the Eden Fishery 

District, Carlton Hill, Penrith 51 

418. Tough, George, Salmon Fishings, Portmahomack, Ross-shire 51 

SALMON, TROUT AND COARSE PISH RODS AND 
TACKLE, EEL AND LAMPREY TRAPS, HOOKS, 
APPAREL. 

8316. Adliugton, W. B 104 

458. Aldred, Thomas, 258 Oxford Street, W 55 

427. Alfred & Son, 20 Moorgate Street, E.C 51 

507. Anderson, Abbot, & Anderson 57 

455. Anderson, R., & Son, Dunkeld, and 56 Princes Street 54 

447. Andrews, Thomas Leo, High Street, Uppingham 54 

5160. Barker, John, & Co., High Street, Kensington 58 

475. Bartleet, William, & Sons, Abbey Mills, Redditch ; and London 56 

516. Bayley, Matthew, Flamborough 58 

449. Bernard, J., & Son, 5 Church Place, Piccadilly, S.W 54 

437. Berney, George Duckett, Morton Hall, Norwich 53 

505^. Blackwater, Coy trahen, Bridgend,- South Wales 57 

60. Brunton, John, M.A., M.D., 21 Euston Road, N.W 55 

456. Carter, A., & Sons, 137 St. John Street Road, E.C 55 

476. Cooke, Arthur, 339 Oxford Street, W 56 

509. Cording, George, 125 Regent Street, and 231 Strand, W.C 58 

506. Cording, J. C., & Co., 19 Piccadilly, W 57 

502. Court, Charles, Plymouth Works, Redditch 57 

426. Cummins, William John, Bishop Auckland 51 

5i6a. Dean, John R., 423, 424 Strand, W.C 58 

511. Dore, J. W., George Street, Hanover Square, W 58 

514. Downing, T. H., & Co., Leicester 58 

479. Drew & Son, 30 Piccadilly Circus, W 56 

445. Eaton & Deller, 6 & 7 Crooked Lane, London Bridge, E.C , 54 

508. Edmiston & Son, 14 Cockspur Street, W.C 58 

495. Erne Fisheries, Ballyshannou, co. Donegal, Ireland 57 

5166. Fagg Brothers, 29 Haymarket : .- 58 

494. Faithful, James, Houghton, Hants 57 

429. Farlow, Charles, & Co., 191 Strand, W.C 52 

5056. Ffennell, Henry, 8 Powis Gardens, W 57 

451. Field, Basil, 36 Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C 54 

422. Fisheries Preservation Association, per H. A. Kinloch, Secretary, 11 Seymour 

Street, Portman Square 51 

480. Foote, Henry G. B. W., Millfort, Mallow, Ireland f>6 

432. Forrest & Sons, 35 Square, Kt-lso, N.B 52 

493. Forrow, A. J., 12 Pulford Street, Piinlico, S.W 57 

440. Foster, D. & W. H., Ashbourne, Derbyshire 53 

492. Gaynor & Son, 10 Royal Terrace, Richmond-on-Thames, Surrey 56 

470. Gehrling & Son, 32 Pembroke Street, Caledonian Road,N 55 

417. Gems & Co., 94 East Street, Manchester Square 51 

483. Gold, John Edwin, 284 Waterloo Road, S.E 56 

Goldsmith, H., Ramsey, Isle of Man 131 

489. Gregory, James, 39 Vyse Street, Birmingham 56 

443. Hardy Brothers, Feukle Street, Aln wick, Northumberland 53 



Subject Index. Ixx^ii 



BOTATION 

NUMBERS. PAGE 

516^. Haylock, Leighton, 272 Victoria Street, Griinsby 58 

442. Hearus, Jim, Mill Street, Ballina, co. Mayo, Ireland 53 

512. Heath, Henry, 105 and 107 Oxford Street, W 58 

503. Hemming, T., & Son, Windsor Mills, Kedditcb 57 

469. Hoban, William, Callan, Ireland 55 

467. Holroyd, E. A., 59 Gracechurch Street, E.C 55 

473. Home, Miss, Hampton Park, Hereford 56 

472. Hovell, Bexfield W., St. Andrew's Works, Bedford Street, Norwich .... 56 

485. Howarth, Samuel, 184 & 185 Station Street, Burton-on-Trent 56 

5i6e. Hutchinsou, A., & Co., London, Paris, Germany 58 

484. Hyde, W. Derby, Witney, Oxon 56 

505. Kelson, George M., Colville Mansions, W 57 

428. Little, G., & Co., 15 Fetter Lane, E.C 51 

468. McCarthy, Tbomas, William Street, Cashel, co. Tipperary, Ireland 55 

423. McCreadie, G., Fort House, Ayr, N.B .. 51 

478. Macnee, James, Loch Tummel Side, Pitlocbry, Perthshire 56 

471. Mallocb, P. D., 209 High Street, Perth 55 

490. Martin, John William, 4 Northern Buildings, Lover's Lane, Newark-on-Trent 56 

446. Milne, William, 32 Back Wynd, Union Street, Aberdeen 54 

430. Milward, Henry, & Sons, Washford Mills, Redditch 52 

1053. Moloney, Church Street, Richmond, Surrey 125 

424. Noble, James, Wick, N.B 51 

461. O'Fee, Daniel, Kusharkin, Co. Antrim, Ireland 55 

452. Ogden and Scotford, 7 Portland Terrace, Pittville, Cheltenham 54 

505/. Owen, Mostyn '57 

466. Patrick, Stephen Melton, 15 and 16 Bar Street, Scarborough 55 

486. Praag, Alexander van, & Son, 9 Crown Street, Soho, W 56 

459. Prichard, Erasmus B. P., Noyadd House, Llangorse, Talgarth 55 

431. Prickman, E. F., 12 North Street, Exeter 52 

435. Karnsbottorn, R., 81 Market Street, Manchester 53 

474. Redpath & Co , Tweedside Works, Kelso, N.B 56 

438. Eidley, W. Wells, Holmewood, Kenilworth 53 

487. Robbins, John, Latimer Place, Latimer Street, South Birmingham 56 

439. Roberts, Samuel, Llangollen, N. Wales 53 

505^. Robertson, William, Central Arcade, Hope Street, Glasgow 57 

453. Rogan, Michael, Ballyshannon, co. Donegal 54 

450. Royston, Robert Richard, 10 King Street, Cambridge 54 

4190. 1048. Severn Fisheries Board : J. Willis Bund, Hon. Sec 51,125 

504. Sheffield Manufacturers' Collection, per M. Hunter, junior, Mayor of Sheffield 57 

5050. Skene & Goodbrand, Mounthooly Ropework, Aberdeen 57 

463. Slater, D., 9 and 10 Portland Street, Newark-on-Trent 55 

434. Smith, Ogden, 4 Stanley Terrace, St. John's Hill, Claphain Junction 52 

441. Toppin, Percy, Glan-yr-Afon, Strawberry Hill 53 

444. Trickett, John, 16 Bennett Street, High Fields, Sheffield 54 

505. Valentine, George, 77 High Street, Perth 57 

425. Vokins, William, 1 Porchester Terrace, Hyde Park, W 51 

437. Vowles, S. T., King's Mill Road, Milton, Sittingbourne 53 

464. Watson, W., & Sons, 308 and 313 High Holborn, W.C 55 

436. Wigley, William H., St. George's Road, Cheltenham 53 

448. Williams, F. T. & Co., 10 Great Queen Street, W.C 54 

433 Wright, James, Sprouston, near Kelso, Roxburghshire, Scotland 52 

SIGNALLING, ELECTRIC LIGHT, SUBMARINE CABLES, 
&c. PROTECTION OF CABLES, &c. 

259a. Adams, W. M., 23 Percy Circus, W.C 30 

414. Bapty, S. L., 7 Royal Circus Street, Greenwich 48 

276. Beck & Co., Limited, 130 Great Suifolk Street, Southwark 31 

279. Bodill, Parker & Co., Great Hampton Row, Birmingham 31 

245. Bowman, James, 22 Square, Huntly, Aberdeen shire 28 

250. Bryer & Sons, 104, Minories, E.C 29 

272. Cator, R. P., Rear Admiral, Langley Farm, Beckeiiham, Kent 30 

2830. Chadburn & Son, 96 Fenchurch Street, E.G., and 71-73, Lord Street, Liverpool... 31 

303. Cornwall, Committee for 34 

269. Day, William, & Co., Blackheatb, S.E 30 

290. Dollond & Co., St. Paul's Churchyard, E.C 32 



Ixxxii Subject Index. 



ROTATION 
NUMBER. 



46(1. Paterson, Alexander, 8 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

46. Paterson, Andrew, 6 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

19. Paterson, William, 5 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 11 

Qualtrough, Douglas, Isle of Man 132 

Quane, C. B., Douglas, Isle of Man 132 

32/c. Eashleigh, E. W., Kilmarth, Par 126 

34. Read, George, Byrom House, St. Patrick's Eoad, Deal, Kent 11 

326. Richards, Hy., Mousehole 126 

45. Richardson and Fletcher, 5 Beresford Place, Dublin 12 

40. Schreiber, Carl G. von, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft 12 

1048. Severn Fishery Board. J. W. Willis Bund, Chairman 124 

57. Sharp & Murray, Collardyke, Fifeshire 13 

38. Shepherd, H. C. W., Hull House, Raglan Street, Lowestoft 12 

44. Speedie. Alexander 12 

56. Steedman & McAllister, Cathcart Street, Glasgow 11 

24. Strachan, William 11 

54. Stuart- Wortley, Colonel, Rosslyn House, Grove End Road, and Patent Museum, 

South Kensington 13 

21. Tarry Mill Company, Tarry Mill, by Arbroath, N.B 11 

48. Thompson, Hartley, Girvan, Ayrshire 13 

42. Thompson, Peter, 9 High Shore, Macduff, N.B 12 

32*. Wallis, W., Newlyn 127 

58?>. Whetham, S. & Sons, 40 Gracechurch Street, E.C 13 

5. "Willesden" Waterproof Paper and Canvas Company, -Limited, Willesden 

Junction, N.W 7 

37. Wilson, Henry, 32 Southsido Street, Plymouth 12 



( Ixxxiii ) 



COMPLIMENTARY LIST. 

The Executive Committee is indebted to the following Firms for 
Special Services rendered; and for the Exhibits specified 
below, which have been courteously lent for the use of the 
Executive at the installation of the Exhibition, and through- 
out its term. 

JEOLUS WATERSPfcAY AND GENERAL VENTILATING 
COMPANY, Limited, 235 High Holborn. The -ZEolus Ventilators are in use in the Fish 
Dining Koom, Lecture Theatre, South Wing, Board Koom and Secretarial Offices. 

ATKINS WATER SOFTENING AND PURIFYING COMPANY, 

62 Fleet Street, London, E.G. Apparatus for softening and purifying from 500 to 2000 gallons 
of water, per hour, consisting of four parts, namely : 1st. Lime cylinder for the continual and 
automatic formation of lime water. 2nd. Patent mixer for mixing hard water supply and 
lime water. 3rd. Cistern in which softening process takes place. 4th. Patent; Kotury disc- 
Filter. The especial points of this arrangement are perfectly uniform results and speed of 
cleaning filter by merely turning a handle or a pulley for a few minutes. 

BARNARD, BISHOP & BARNARDS, Norwich; 91, 93, 95 Queen 
Victoria Street, London, E.C. (1) Ornamental cast-iron garden chairs ; wrought-iron chairs 
and wood chairs suitable for conservatories, gardens, public and private buildings, exhibitions, 
railway platforms, &c. (2) Patented aquaria (exhibited on the stand of the Aylesbury Guano 
Company), and crab and lobster gauges (exhibited on the stand of S. W. T. J. Mann). 

BIRT, J. & A. W., Dock Street, London Docks, London, and Malaga, 
Spain. The Virgin Cork (over 100 bales) used in the various decorations at this Exhibition. 
Messrs. J. and A. W. Birt's cork forests are in the province of Malaga, in Spain. 

BOULT, BROTHERS & CO., 38 King William Street, London, E.C. 
Two of Bird's patent " automatic " light-feed lubricators on the Davey Paxman horizontal 
engine indicating. 

BRIGHTON AQUARIUM COMPANY, per J. Wilkinson, Manager 
and Secretary, Brighton. In addition to placing seven of their tanks at the service of the 
Exhibition for receiving the deep-sea fish and Crustacea from the trawler working for the 
Exhibition Stocking Committee, have presented Sea Anemones, including Actinoloba, Dian- 
thus, Sagartia bellis, S. troglodytes, S. nivea, S. venusta, S. sphyrodeta, S. rosea, S. parasitica, 
S. miniata, Anthea cerus, Tealia crassicornis, Bunodes gemmacea, Corynactis, Serpulcc, Sabella, 
Madrepores, Algse. 

BUSSELL, CHARLES, GIBBS & CO., 75 & 76 Wells Street, Oxford 
Street, W. (1) 3 Bell Glass Aquariums, 18 in. diam. (2) 6 Ditto, 17 in. diam. (3) 1 Ditto, 
16 in. diam. (4) 2 Ditto, 15 in. diam. (5) 5 Ditto, 14 in. diam. With stands. 

CAREY, HENRY WILLIAM, 9 London Street, London, E.C. Brewer's 
Patent Anti-friction Pulley-Blocks, Cranes, &c. &c., supplied to the "P. & 0. Co.," "Orient," 
" Donald Currte," " Ducal " and other leading lines ..of steamers, dock companies, Koyal Agri- 
cultural Society of England, &c. Mr. H. W. Carey, of 9 London Street, City, sole agent for 
the above, rendered the Executive Committee most valuable assistance in the reception of 
goods into the building by the loan of these patent blocks, when the advantages obtained by 
their labour-saving and other properties, and easy working was practically demonstrated to 
the satisfaction of all concerned. 

CHUBB & SON'S LOCK AND SAFE COMPANY, Limited, 128 
Queen Victoria Street, London. One of Chubb's patent Fire and Thief-resisting Safes, size 
5 ft. 6 in. high by 4 ft. wide by 2 ft. 2 in. deep, on wheel mounts, fitted with all the recent 
improvements of 'the Company, solid tee frame and solid flange lock case and gunpowder-proo 
locks. Weight more than a ton and a half. 

CLOWES, WILLIAM, & SONS, Limited, Duke Street, Stamford 
Street, London, S.E. Printing Press, Compositors' Koom, and services of staff of printers to 
undertake, in the Exhibition Buildings, print'ing for the Executive Committee, and 
Foreign and Colonial Commissions. .. , 

COALBROOKDALE COMPANY, THE, 43 & 44 Ilolborn Viaduct, 
London, E.C. A Collection of Cast iron Garden Embellishments and Horticultural Decora- 
tions, consisting of : (1) A largo Fountain, surrounded by four Naiads, situated i 
Hall, at the Exhibition Road end. (2) A number of Vases and FriMldli. (3) A li 
number of Garden Seats and Benches in the building and groiinds. All of which, ai 
the Committee, and will be for sale at the close of the Exhibition. 

/ * 



Ixxxiv Complimentary List. 



CROSSE & BLACKWELL, Soho Square, London. Fish Sauces, Con- 
diments, &c., for use in the Practical School of Fishery and Cheap Fish Kestanrant. 

CROSSLEY BROTHERS, 24 Poultry, E.G. Gas Engines lent for use 
of the tanks and aquaria. 

DAVEY, PAXMAN, & CO., Engineers, Colchester. The supply of 
engine and boiler power necessary for working the vast system of electric lighting throughout 
the whole area of the Exhibition has been provided by Messrs. Davey, Paxman & Co., 
Colchester, to whom the Committee, taking into consideration the immense extent of the 
buildings, and the enormous amount of horse-power required, desire to express their especial 
indebtedness. The engines, which are three in number, are of singularly beautiful construction, 
and their power is greater than that of any display of electric lighting which has yet taken 
place. The principal of these engines is the largest which has yet been applied to the pur- 
poses of electric lighting. It is a high pressure horizontal engine with two cylinders capable 
of indicating 350 horse -power, the pressure being 100 pounds steam. It is provided with 
Paxton's Patent Automatic Cut-oifGear worked from the governors, also two fly-wheels 12 feet 
in diameter turned in the face, each made to take a 15-inch belt. The boilers for supplying 
steam to this engine are of locomotive type and of large size. In addition to this engine, 
Messrs. Davey Paxman & Co. also supply a Double Cylinder Semi-fixed Engine and Boiler 
capable of indicating 90 horse-power, together with four other engines, one of which will be a 
compound capable of indicating considerably over 200 horse-power. The vast amount of water 
required to supply the boilers, which generate steam for the engines, can best be realised when 
the fact is stated that the Committee have been compelled to lay down a separate 1-in. main, 
with a service of upwards of 100 pounds per square inch. Thus, altogether about 1000 horse- 
power will be required for lighting the many thousands oT electric lamps with which the build- 
ings of the Exhibition will be illuminated, and the Committee gladly avail themselves of this 
opportunity to express their sense of the good fortune they have experienced in securing a 
most interesting exhibit, and also of obtaining, on merely nominal terms, so valuable and costly 
an assistance towards the success of the Exhibition. 

DAVIS, JOSEPH, & CO., Fitzroy Works, 6 Kennington Park Road, S.E. 
(1) Royal Polytechnic Barometer for use of Executive Committee. (2) Similar Barometers 
for public reference in various parts of the Exhibition Buildings. (3) Thcmometers, Regis- 
tering and others, for public use in the various Exhibition Buildings. 

DEARDS, W. & S., Harlow, Essex. Have glazed, free of cost, with their 
patent " Victoria Dry Glazing," specially adapted for Fish Markets, the roofs of the whole of 
the following buildings : Life-Boat Shed, Machinery in Motion Shed, Russian Court, 
Spanish Court, Arcade near the Royal Pavilion. 

DICK RADCLYFFE & CO. see RADCLYFPE. 

DOBB, HENRY, Draper and Outfitter, Westbourne Grove, W. The 
characteristic costumes for the waitresses in the Fish Department. 

DROITWICH SALT COMPANY, Limited, 8 and 9 Lower Thames 
Street, London, E.G. (1) Worcestershire Table Salt. (2) Worcestershire Powdered Salt. For 
cooking purposes. This salt is produced from the oldest and purest natural brine springs in 
the world, and is celebrated for its strength, purity in colour, and excellence of manufacture. 

EDMUNDS, J., 134 Pentoiiville Eoad, London, N. Currie Powder and 
Currie Paste for use in the Lecture Room of the School of Cookery. 

ELKINGTON & CO., Eegent Street, W., and Birmingham. Plate for 
use in the Fish Dining Saloon. 

FROST, EDWIN D., Hackbridge, Carshalton, Surrey. A supply of live 
Wandle Trout during the time the Exhibition is open. 

GILES, B., & CO., Hot Water and Sanitary Engineers, Blackheath, S.E, 
(1) One No. 1 Giles's Patent (Silver Medal) Gas Cooking Stove, with Oven, 1 Boiler, 1 Steam 
Kettle, Hot Plate, and Hot Closet. The Gas is outside the oven, and will heat oven, boiler, 
and steam -kettle at a cost of Id. per hour for gas. (2) One No. 2 Gas Cooking Stove, 
with 1 Oven, 1 Boiler, and Hot Plate, with gas outside the oven. (3) Two Giles's Patent 
Pastry Gas Ovens, with gas outside the oven. This Gas Oven is considered by the Lady 
Superintendent of the National Training School of Cookery, South Kensington, to be the best 
yet introduced, is pronounced a great success, and can be quickly heated to a temperature of 
65(PFahr. (4) One Giles's Gas Cooking Apparatus, with 220" Ovens, 1 Steam Boiler, 
1 Hot Water Tank, 1 Steam Kettle, 1 Steam Hot Closet, 1 Hot Plate, with Luminous Gas 
Burners for boiling. The gas is outside between oven and boiler, heating both, and 
supplying steam to Steam Kettle and Hot Closet, and giving a large supply of hot water at a 
cost of about 2d. per hour for gas (5) Six Giles's National Training School of Cookery Gas 
Hot Plates, with Luminous Gas Burners. (6) Six (Bronze Medal) International Gas, Fisb^ 
and Vegetable Steamers. One Steamer is now cooking 1 cwt. of fish daily at the Fish 
Kitchen at a cost of 3d. per day for gas. Authorities say fish can be cooked to perfection 



Complimentary List. Ixxxv 



and economically in steaming, and ought not to be boiled. (7) Two (Bronze Medal) Inter- 
national Gas Water Heaters. This Heater will give a continuous supply of hot water at a cost 
of 2d. per hour for gas. One heater is supplying more than 1000 gallons of hot water daily at 
the Fish Kitchen. (8) One Gas Hot Closet and Plate Warmer. (9) Three Giles's Improved 
Gas Fish Frying Apparatus. One apparatus is cooking 5 cwt. of fish daily at the Fish 
Kitchen. (10) Two Giles's Combination Gas Potato Cooking Apparatus. One apparatus is 
cooking three sacks of potatoes to perfection daily at the Fish Kitchen at the cost of 3d. per 
sack for gas. The above Gas Cooking Appliances are supplied for cooking the cheap fish 
dinners, and to demonstrate the possibility of wholesome and economical cooking by gas only 
for either large or small establishments without the well-known objectionable smell usual in 
the majority of gas cooking stoves, and with a desire to assist the Smoke Abatement Society in 
reducing the smoke of London and other large cities. The cost of gas for cooking the cheap 
fish dinners up to the present time is considerably less than Id. per dinner. 

GILLOW & CO., 406 Oxford Street, London. Decoration and Furnishing 
of the Koyal Pavilion by Messrs. Gillow & Co. (which was erected by Mr. J. Charlton 
Humphreys, of Albert Gate, Knightsbridge). It comprises a large Entrance Hall, in the 
style of the Flemish Renaissance, the walls having panels, Tapestry with subjects of the 
Chase from the Koyal Windsor Works, trophies of Arms, Italian Majolica and wrought-iron 
Chandelier with branches for the Electric lights. An opening through Tapestry portieres leads 
to the Study fitted in the style of the Italian Certosina. The Dining Saloon, of massive walnut, is 
hung with gold Venetian Tapestry, the coffered ceiling in wood having panels of bold orna- 
ment in blue and gold, the ceiling of the bay window is decorated with a figure of Venus 
arising from the sea. The furniture is of carved walnut of the Italian Cinque Cent, period, 
the seats covered with embossed velvets. The Boudoir of H.E.H. the Princess of Wales 
adjoining is in the " Adam " style, with pilasters of maize-coloured silk, having enrichments 
in blue and gold. The furniture is of satinwood, with floral decoration Amorini, &c. The 
doors, inlaid with various woods, have panels of cupids after Flaxman, in " bois sur bois " 
cameos. The fernery being on the right, and retiring rooms on the left of this apartment. 
The other Firms who have contributed productions to the Royal Pavilion are : The Royal 
Tapestry Works, Windsor Tapestry ; Vincent Robinson & Co., 4 Wigmore Street, W. Carpets ; 
The Royal Stained Glass Works, Old Windsor Stained Glass; H. B. Daniell & Sons, 
Wigmore Street China and Glass; Elkington & Co., Regent Street Silver and Bronze 
Ornaments; Perry, New Bond Street Electroliers and Branches in Wrought Iron; Dick 
Radclyffe, Holborn The Fernery, completely fitted with Plants, &c. ; Doulton & Co., Lam- 
beth Lavatories and Sanitary Fittings ; A. & F. Pears Toilet requisites. Temple of Apollo 
(carved ivory), Italian, 16th century. From the Palace of the last Doge of Venice, and 
presented by him to Sir Richard Worsley, the English Ambassador, 1797. From the 
Worsleyan Museum, Appuldurcombe. The interior represents a Temple of Apollo, with 
pillars and balustrades of ivory, the plafonds of rosewood and the floors of ebony both inlaid 
with ivory. Below is a crypt supported by Doric pillars in satin-wood. The shrine of the 
sun-god is an ivory baldacchino, with four twisted columns. Above the statue is a sun in 
ormulu, set with small diamonds ; diamonds and jargoons are in the buskins of the god and in 
the mother-of-pearl inlayings around the shrine. The exterior is of satin-wood, engraved with 
flowers and wreaths of ivy, and trophies of music. Lent by Thomas Winter, Esq. 

GOODE, THOMAS, & CO., 17, 18 and 19 South Audley Street, London, W- 
200 Dinner Plates. Ivory colour, mazarine blue aquarium subjects. Fish, reptiles, aquatic 
plants, &c. Presented for the workmen's and fishermen's dinners. 

HANDYSIDE, ANDREW, & CO., Limited, Britannia Iron Works, 
Derby, and 32 Walbrook, London, One cast-iron Fountain, 12 ft. high, made at the Britannia 
Iron Works, Derby, and valued at 140. 

HAYES, Mr., Agent for Fromentin's Patent. One of his machines 
supplying water to Davey Paxman & Co.'s Boilers, indicating about 500 HP. 

HEAD, HENRY, & CO., 85 Gracechurch Street, London. Shipping 
Agents to the Executive Committee. 

HO BBS, HART, & CO. A patent Progress Fire Eesisting Seamless 
Body Wrought Iron Safe, secured by patent Protector Unpickable Locks. Lent for use in 
the Post Office. 

HORTICULTURAL COMPANY, THE GENERAL, 16 Onslow 
Crescent, Florists to the Executive Committee. 

HOWLETT, WILLIAM, High Street, Newmarket, Suffolk. Live 
Specimens of Fish taken from the rivers Lark, Cam, and Ouse, viz. ; Burbets or eel. pouts ; 
lampreys ; spined loach ; common loach ; gudgeon ; ruff or pope ; sticklebacks ; millers 
thumbs ; rudd. 

HUDWELL, CLARK & CO., Leeds. About fifty pulleys, of all sizes, 
made expressly for the Exhibition on their system of entire wrought-iron construction, so as 



Ixxxvi Complimentary List. 



to give lightness, durability and elasticity for transmission of power, and great facility from 
the pulleys being made in halves, and easily adjusted to a running shaft. 

HUMPHREYS, J. CHARLTON, Galvanized Iron Buildings and Roofing 
Manufactory, Albert Gate, London, S.W. The whole of the Galvanized Corrugated Iron 
Buildings at the Exhibition were erected by J. C. Humphreys. The principal buildings vary 
in size frointhe Hall for machinery in motion, 318 ft. x 90 ft., to a mere office, and embrace the 
spaces occupied by Russia and Spain, each 200 ft. x 30 ft., the lifeboat house 300 ft. x 30 ft., 
the Board of Trade building 218 ft. x 14 ft., Messrs. Bertram and Roberts' Refreshment 
Rooms 150 ft. x 25 ft. and 120 ft. X 22 ft., with kitchens, &c., the Royal Pavilion, the 
Literary Superintendent's Room, the building for the Custom House officers, the Goods shed 
150 ft. x 30 ft., the Engine House for the Electric Light Machinery, the Fishermen's Homo 
(erected for the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Society), 'the Native Guano Co.'s 
offices and show rooms, the Manufacturers' and Millowners' Society's building, the Gilding 
and Silvering Company's Works, the Telephone Company's office, and others. These 
buildings have been erected upon Humphrey's Portable Principle, and every Corrugated Iron 
Building on the ground is for sale, subject to delivery after the close of the. Exhibition. The 
joints are all morticed and tenoned (not spiked), so that the buildings can betaken down and 
re-erected speedily and without injury. 

LASCELLES, W. H., & CO., 121 Bunhill Row, London. The entrance 
porch in Exhibition Road. The roof is constructed of Lascelles' patent bent wood curved 
bars. By this process of bending the strength of the wood is retained and houses built on 
this plan combine the advantages of wood for horticultural purposes with the lightness and 
elegance of iron. 

LEE, GEORGE HENRY, & CO., 22 to 34 Basnett Street, Liverpool. 
The Table Cloths, Napkins, &c., used in the Dining Room. 

LONDON STEREOSCOPIC AND PHOTOGRAPHIC CO., THE, 
Sole Photographers to the Exhibition. 

LOVEGROVE, J., Slough. Garden Chairs and Seats. 

MAIGNEN, P. A., 22 and 23 Great Tower Street, London, E.G. Pure and 
Aerated water on board ship, or on land, obtained by using Maignen's Patent " Filtre Rapide." 
The special features of this filter, which distinguish it above all others, are : 1. It can be taken 
entirely to pieces and thoroughly cleansed. 2. The filtering medium can be thrown away when 
exhausted, and replaced by fresh in a few minutes, at a very trifling cost. 3. It removes 
not only organic impurities, but also mineral and gaseous contamination, and softens the water. 

MERRYWEATHER & SONS, Greenwich Road, London, S.E., have 
very kindly lent the following articles, which have undergone the most arduous service daily, 
the whole of the Sea- water Aquarium supply, 90,000 gallons having been passed through 
their steam fire-engine, which has worked without a single stoppage. (1) Two Merryweather 
Steam Fire Engines, Metropolitan Fire Brigade Pattern, with hose and implements, for Fire 
Protection. (2) One Merryweather Steam Fire Engine for pumping Salt Water to the Fish 
Tanks. (3) One Metropolitan Fire Brigade Manual Fire Engine. (4) One Large Testimonial 
Manual Fire Engine. This identical engine gained the First Prize at the Great Exhibition 
1867. (5) One Dog Cart Fire Engine. ' (6) One Chemical Fire Engine on Wheels. (7) Ten 
Extinctors. (8) Twenty Hand-Pumps and Corridor Fire Engines as used by the Metropolitan 
Board of Works. (9) Several Small Manual Fire Engines, with hose and implements, 
forming with the Hand-Pumps, Buckets and Hydrants, Standpipes and Hose, equipments for 
24 Complete Fre Stations. The whole of the above engines and apparatus are placed at the 
disposal of the Executive Committee for the use by the Fire Staff of the Exhibition in case 
of outbreak. 

METROPOLITAN DRINKING FOUNTAIN AND CATTLE 
TROUGH ASSOCIATION (JOHN LEE, GENERAL MANAGER), 111 Vic- 
toria Street, Westminster. Five drinking fountains, with water laid on, and cups fixed for 
use of visitors. 

MOORE, JOHN, & SONS, 38 Clerkenwell Close, London, E.G. 
Clock Makers to H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh, The Lords of the Admiralty, the War 
Department, the India Council, the Colonial Government, the Russian Government, the Queen 
of Madagascar, &c., have erected (1) in the Grand Entrance a Turret Clock with 5 ft. copper 
dial and a bell of 1| cwt. This clock is suitable for village church or schools. (2) In the 
New South Wales division a Turret Clock to strike on a bell of 1 cwt., Graham escapement 
zinc and iron compensated pendulum. This clock is suitable for harbour works or stables. 
The great clock and chimes of Ballarat made by the firm. (3) In the Greece division a small 
Turret time-piece. (4) In the chief diaing-room a striking clock in walnut case suitable for 
interior of Town Hall or public building. 

MOORE, JOSIAH, & SONS, Sekforde Works, St. James's Walk, Clerken- 
well, E.G. In the windows of Arcade on right hand of Chief Entrance (near Fish Market), 



Complimentary List. Ixxxvii 



this firm have supplied and fixed some of their Patent Improved Glass Louvre Ventilators, by 
which the admission of air is diffused and is directed upwards, thus causing a continuous 
circulation of air. They can be regulated at pleasure to any degree by means of a very 
simple and efficacious arrangement worked by a single cord, and being made chiefly of glass 
no obstruction of light takes place. They can be made to any size, and are suitable for 
private houses, offices, warehouses, churches, halls, and public buildings generally. In the 
window of Arcade on left of Chief Entrance, they have also supplied one of their improved 
Circular Glass Ventilators, which are adapted to windows generally. 

MUMFORD, A. G. & CO., Colchester. Shafting and Standards for the 
Exhibition. 

OLDFIELD & WALTON, Glasgow. Patent Link Belting for the 
whole of the Driving Power in the Electric Light Shed. 

OSLER, F. & C., 100 Oxford Street, London, ' W., and Birmingham. 
Have supplied at their own cost the Glass and China for the cheap fish dinners. The 
pattern on the China has been specially designed. It is of a piscatorial character, suggesting 
the dinner from the fish to the weed, and is singularly appropriate. The initials " I. F. E." 
(impossible as a monogram) are dexterously intertwined in the folds of the weed. This firm 
also supplies for the Council Chamber a magnificent Electrolier, which is a work of art in cut 
glass and metal. They have also decorated the Entrance Hall with a fountain in cut glass, 
fish-bowls, &c., together with combined fish and flower-bowls for the entrance to the 
Aquarium. Display of Electric Light Apparatus, ornamental cut-glass Electroliers, in the 
Entrance Vestibule many of them specially prepared for this purpose. 

PARRETT, J. W., Forest Hill and Brackley. Has lent for use in the 
grounds, Summer Houses, Rustic Seats, Vases and other rustic work. 

PATENT VICTORIA STONE COMPANY, 283A Kingsland Koad. 
Works : Stratford, Essex, and Grolly Quarries, Leicester. The Entrance Hall and Fish 
Market are paved with the " Patent Victoria Stone," which has been extensively used as a 
foot-way-paving material and elsewhere during the last fifteen years. It is composed 
of fine particles of granite, mixed with the best Portland Cement, and afterwards 
immersed in a solution of Silicate of Soda, specially prepared under the Company's patented 
process. 

PHILLIPS AND PEARCE, 155 New Bond Street. 4 Glass Orna- 
mental Fountain Jardinieres. 

PRIMROSE & CO., Church Street, Sheffield. Combined Conservatory 
and Aquarium, so constructed as to be easily removed in sections, glazed on patent Eclipse 
system with tin lead-bars. Dimensions, 14 ft. by 10 ft., with lantern and iron staging in 
centre, with aquarium and fountain. 

PULHAM, JAMES & SON, Broxbourne, Herts. "Kockifying" all the 
Fish Tanks in the Aquarium Corridor at less than cost price in the short space of eighteen 
days. One of the two Cavernous Recesses free of cost. Decorating the Corridor with a 
variety of Art Flower Boxes, Pots, Baskets, Vases, &c., by loan during the term of Exhibition 
free of cost. Also of Vases, Tazze, &c., on various piers about the Exhibition. Manufactured 
in their Eed and Buff Terra Cotta. 

RADCLYFFE, DICK, & CO., 128, 129 High Holborn. (1) In Aqua- 
rium Section A Seapool arranged as a grotto, with effects, showing how electric light may bo 
used to light up conservatories, &c. (2) In the Royal Pavilion ^ Conservatory in Early 
English style, fitted up as a fernery, with roof decorated with creepers growing, and illus- 
trating how natural foliage maybe utilised in conjunction with the electric light, to illuminate 
conservatories, &c. 

SAMPLE & CO., English Agent, H. J. ADAMS. Several of his 
patent " Pulley Grippers " to economise transmission of power by straps in the Electric Light 
Machinery shed. 

SHARP AND MURRAY. Loan of Nets for drapery to dais on the 
occasion of opening the Exhibition, and generally for decorative purposes throughout the time 
of the Exhibition. 

SHAND & MASON, 75 Upper Ground Street, Blackfriars Eoad, have 
placed at the disposal of the Executive Committee for use in case of file a number of their fire- 
extinguishing appliances, consisting of : (1) One Improved Equilibrium Steam Fire Engine, 
fitted with their Patent Inclined Water Tube. Boiler capable of raising steam very speedily, such 
as they supply to Provincial Towns. (2) An Improved Manual Fire Engine, to be worked by 
twenty- two men, of the same pattern as made by them for the Metropolitan, London, and other 
Fire Brigades. (3) An Improved Curricle Engine, suitable for Villages and Private Estates. 
(4) A No. 3 Metallic Engine, suitable for Farms and Colonial use. (5) Ten Improved Cor- 
ridor Fire Engines, and Ten London Brigade Portable Fire Pumps, as supplied to Her 



Ixxxviii Complimentary List. 



Majesty the Queen, His Koyal Highness the Prince of Wales, and other members of the Royal 
Family, &c., &c. (6) Also an assortment of Chemical Fire Engines, Stand Pipes, Hose, Branch 
Pipes, &c., to be used in connection with the above engines, and the hydrants fixed in various 
parts of the grounds. 

SHIPWRECKED FISHERMEN'S AND MARINERS' SOCIETY. 
Fishermen's Home. 

SIEBE, GORMAN, & CO., 187 Westminster Bridge Eoad, S.E. 
(1) Diving Apparatus, Royal Navy pattern. (2) Diver working under water daily, with a 
telephone attached to his helmet. (3) Submarine electric light. (4) Large oil painting, the 
"Raising of H.M.S. 'Eurydice.'" (5) Largo collodion of relics from tho deep, some of which 
have been collected from the Spanish flagship " Almirante " of tho Armada ; and the " Mary 
Rose," lost in the reign of Henry VIII.; relics from the "Royal George;" ancient bronze 
lamp, with sponge attached to same. 

SINCLAIR, JAMES, 104 Leadenhall Street, London, E.G. (1) Ten No. 5 
new patent Extincteurs, with three charges of chemicals and leather -yokes each. Pedestals 
for standing same. (2) Two new " Express " 20-gallon Extincteurs on wheels, with hose reels 
and charge boxes. (3) One " Village " Chemical Fire Engine, with two 20-gallon Extincteurs 
mounted on wheels. Shafts for horse. Two splicing ladders, hose, buckets, lamps, &c. (4) 
One "Victor" Chemical Brigade Fire Engine, one 50-gallon Extincteur, two No. 5 Extincteurs. 
Mounted on four wheels, shafts and pole for horses, two splicing ladders, hose reel, charge 
box, buckets, hose, lamps, &c., complete. (5) One " Prince of Wales " combined Manual and 
and Chemical Fire-Engine, with four 4 j -inch gun -metal pumps in wrought-iron tank, mounted 
on three-wheels, delivery and suction hose, branch, &c. (6) Six TyndalPs Smoke Filter 
Respirators for breathing in dense smoke. These celebrated Chemical Fire Engines have 
been supplied to the Admiralty and various Government offices ; they are self-acting and 
al \vays ready for action, one gallon of chemicalized water being of greater extinguishing power 
than thirty gallons of ordinary water. Tte contents are harmless to life, health or property. 

SOLOMON, L. & A., 164 to 172 Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G., 
have supplied desks, washhand stands, looking glasses, &c., for use in the Cheap Fish Dining 
Department. 

STEVEN, BROTHERS., & CO., 35 Upper Thames Street, London. 
(1) Yacht, Boat, Steamer Cabin, Dumpy, and Shop Stoves. (2) Milton Economic Portable 
Cooking Range. (3) Kitchener, with Steven Bros.' Patent Self-acting Cone Ventilator, which 
draws away the objectionable smells from the cooking of fish and vegetables into the chimney, 
thus removing the principal objection to close fire ranges. (4) Deck Pipes. (5) Barge 
Pumps. (6) Two Hundred Standards. 

STEWARD, J. H., 406 Strand, W.G. Thermometers and Barometers in 
the Tanks and Aquaria. 

TRELOAR & SONS, 68, 69 & 70 Ludgate Hill, have given the door 
mats, made of cocoa-nut fibre, as they have done before to similar Exhibitions, and at the 
International Exhibitions in London and Paris. 

UNITE, JOHN, 291 & 293 Edgware Road, London, W. Practical 
assistance rendered in the supply of awnings, chairs, banners, and other decorations. Also 
tent, and garden seats with awnings. 

UNITED ASBESTOS COMPANY, 161 Queen Victoria Street, E.G. 
Supplied about one hundred tons of Asbestos (Indestructible) Paint for the painting of the 
exterior and interior of the wooden buildings of the Exhibition. 

UNITED TELEPHONE COMPANY, Limited, 36 Great Coleman 
Street, have (by permission of Her Majesty's Postmaster General) arranged with the Com- 
mittee of the Exhibition to connect it without charge with the Telephone Exchange 
system by two distinct Call Rooms, both being fitted up and specially arranged for the purpose, 
one in the immediate vicinity of the Fish Halls and the other in the centre of the Exhibition. 
The various Sections of the Exhibition are connected by Instruments supplied by this Com- 
pany. The stations are as under: 1. Executive. 2. Parcels office, principal entrance. 
3 Dining room (Bertram & Roberts' Office). 4. Machinery for Electric Lighting (Mr. Gooch's 
office). 5. Workmen's exit, Queen's Gate. 0. Royal Pavilion. 7. Russia. 8. Canada. 
9. United States of America. 10. Belgium. 11. Sweden. 12. Spain. 13. India, Ceylon, &c. 
14. Press Room. 15. Refreshment Room, North exit, Exhibition Road. 1G. Refreshment 
Room, North exit, Queen's Gate. 17. Conservatory. 19. Humphrey's Fisherman's hut. 
21. Call room, fish market. 23. Albert Hall. 

VINCENT ROBINSON AND CO., 4 Wigmore Street, W. Carpets for 
the Pavilion erected for H.R.H. the President. 

WALSINGH^M, LORD, Merton Hall, Thetford, has kindly placed the 
under-mentioned live fish at the disposal of the Committee, viz,: 1000 golden tench; from 15 



Electric Lighting. Ixxxix 



to 30 pike, of various sizes, say 4 Ibs. to 20 Ibs. ; from 50 to 200 perch from Ib. to 2 Ibs from 
50 to 200 tench (common) from 1 Ib. to 5 Ibs. ; from 50 to 200 Rudd, some up to 2 Ibs. at least ; 
and gome specimens of carp. The golden tench are bred from the original stock introduced by 
Mr.!: George Duckett Berney, of Morton Hall, Norfolk, in the year 1852 

WATERLOW & SONS, Limited, (Philip H. Waterlow, Chairman), 

26 Gt. Winchester Street, London, E.G. The use of offices in the buildings of the Company as 
a City Office of the Exhibition, and the services of a portion of their staff without any charge. 

WOLFF, M. Refrigerator for use in cheap Fish Dining Room. 

YOUNG, MAURICE, Milford Nurseries, Godalming, Surrey. Ornamental 
Shrubs and Flowers for H.R.H. the Prince of Wales's Pavilion, and for the Literary 
Superintendent's Garden. 

Other Exhibitors of Flowers, whose contributions have done so much 
towards giving colour and beauty to the Gardens of the Exhibition, are 

GENERAL HORTICULTURAL CO., THE (John Wills), 

Limited, 54 Kegent Street, W. Chief Office : Onslow Crescent, South Kensington. 
ALDOUS, J., F.R.H.S., 57 Kensington High Street. 
LAW AND SON, Great Berkhamsted, Herts. 

LEE AND SON, CHAS., Royal Vineyard Nurseries, Hammersmith. 
WATERER, ANTHONY, Knap Hill Nursery, Woking. 



ELECTRIC LIGHTING. 

Appendix of Electric Lighting arrangements for the Exhibition, as laid down by different 

Firms and Companies, each allotment of lighting space to any system being shown on 

the General Plan. 
Further information may be obtained on application to Mr. W. D. GOOCH, the Electrical 

Engineer for the Commissioners of the Exhibition, at his Office in the Annexe set apart 

for the Electric Light Machinery. 

SWAN UNITED ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY, 9 St. Mildred's 
Court, Poultry, E.G. Koyal Pavilion. This pavilion is lighted up with about 300 Swan 
incandescent lamps, high resistance, arranged in parallel series. The effects of lightning 
attempted are various and specially arranged to demonstrate the adaptability of the incan- 
descent lamp to decorative illumination. The fittings are supplied by Messrs. Perry & Co., of 
New Bond Street. The effect of lighting by reflected light, the ceiling of the alcove in the 
dining room (Italian) is noticeable. The Conservatory is lit by 60 half-lights, arranged to 
suit Messrs. Dick Eadcliffe & Co.'s special class of conservatory fittings, and to give coloured 
and shaded light and water effects. The dynamos used to feed the above lamps consist of 
alternating current dynamo with exciter, and a direct current dynamo, both on the Siemens 
system, and placed in the machine shed. 

GULCHER ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY Limited, Battersea 
Foundry, S.W. East Gallery (China and Colonies), Machinery in motion and electric 
machinery sheds. The Machine Annexe 5 Giilcher direct current low-tension dynamo 
machines driving 600 " Crookes " incandescent lights in the China Galley, and 23 arc lamps, 
also Giilcher system, in the machinery in motion and electric machinery sheds. The tension 
of the current throughout does not exceed 70 volts ; the lamps are arranged in parallel 
series upon numerous circuits running from the machines. 

SIEMENS BROS. & CO., Limited, 12 Queen Anne's Gate, West- 
minster, S.W. Conservatory, Main Gallery. In Machine Shed Two of their large size 
alternating current, WO, dynamo machines, fed by exciters, which give current for 1,200 Swan 
incandescent lights, lighting the Main Gallery. One large shunt-wound direct current 
dynamo, giving current to feed four large arc lamps in the Conservatory. In Conservatory 
Four 6,000 cp. arc lamps, Siemens system, for direct currents. These lamps are arranged in 
parallel arc. In Main Gallery 1,100 20 cp. Swan incandescent lamps, ordinary pattern, 
attached to the points of the girders. The illumination in this gallery is to demonstrate the 
possibility of lighting large areas by incandescent lighting. 

LEVER, CHARLES, Culcheth Hall, Bowden, Cheshire. Dining Eooms, 
Fish Dining Room, Lecture Theatre, Council Room. In Machine Shed Two Bib-gin 
dynamo machines and two Gramme dynamos, direct current machines ; the Burgin machines 
feed six and the Gramme eight arc lamps each on Lever systein. Distributed, two in Council 



XC Electric Lighting. 



Room, two in- Lecture Theatre, three in Kitchens, and twenty-one in Dining Rooms ; twenty- 
eight in all. 

ELECTRIC LIGHT SUPPLY COMPANY, Limited, 28 York Street, 
S.W. The Life Boat Shed is lit by this Company with five arc lamps (Volta), and forty 
incandescent lamps light the Literary Superintendent's Rooms; these are driven from two 
Fraukland Biirgin dynamos in the Machine Room. 

ELPHINSTONE-VINCENT, MESSRS., Entrance Vestibule, Fine 
Arts Gallery, &c. Display 350 incandescent lights (Woodhouse & Rawson's) driven by 
an Elpliiustone-Vincent dynamo machine in the Machine annexe. The fittings in glass are 
by Messrs. F. & C. Osier, 100 Oxford Street, London ; and Birmingham. 

WOODHOUSE & RAWSON, 11 Queen Victoria Street, E.G. Wood- 
house & Rawson's Incandescent Lamps in the Vestibule and Fine Arts Gallery. 

EDMUNDS, HENRY, Victoria Mansions, Victoria Street, S.W. The 
Promenade Gallery Illuminated by twenty-five Hochhausen lamps, worked by a direct 
current H. H. dynamo in the Machine Room. In the Western Corridor & Quadrant Fifteen 
arc lamps, driven by small H. H. dynamos. On the Upper Terrace a Light Mast, on the same 
plan as that in Madison Square, New York; carrying six large lamps of 3000 cp. each, 
driven by H. H. dynamo. This mast, 120 feet high, is designed to light the whole of the 
Upper Terrace and Gardens. 

GERARD ELECTRIC LIGHT & POWER COMPANY, Limited, 

Societe Anonyme d'Electricite", Paris. The galleries appropriated to Spain and Russia are lit 
by seventeen arc lamps on the Gerard system, actuated by Siemens' alternating current 
dynamo driving eight lamps in Spain and one Gerard alternating current dynamo feeding nine 
lamps in Russia, both dynamos to be seen in Machine Room. 

FERRANTI, THOMPSON & INCE, 3 Fenchurch Avenue, E.G. In 
the Aquarium Four hundred and fifty incandescent lamps, Swan & Wright & Mackie type, 
deriving current from one machine (Ferranti). In the Machine Room Ferranti-Thompson 
dynamo, excited by Siemens' direct current machine, and capable of lighting 1000 incandescent 
lamps. 

BRITISH ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY, Turk's Head Yard, Turn- 
mill St., E.G. The Central Transepts (Norway and Sweden) Sixteen arc lamps (Brockie), 
driven by Gramme dynamo machines in the Machine Annexe. In Third Class Refreshment 
Buffet One 3000 cp. Brockie lamp. 

ELECTRICAL POWER AND LIGHT CONTRACT AGENCY, 
57 Gracechurch Street, E.G. (S. J. Mackie, C.E., Engineer). Fifteen arc lamps (Lea system), 
lighting the West Central Transept (Canada and United States) ; six Werdermann lamps, 
lighting Board of Trade Shed. Glass shades for Lea and Werdermann lamps of special 
pattern and materials by Pattison. Forty-six Wright and Mackie incandescent lights 
illuminating the Fishermen's and Mariners' Home, the new Fisherman's Cottage, and three of 
Fisheries Exhibition Executive Offices. Opal shades and brackets (Hughes' patent) ; and 
Wright and Mackie's ship's cabin Mermaid brackets and fittings. 

JABLOCHKOPF ELECTRIC LIGHT & POWER COMPANY, 
LIMITED, 1 Great Winchester Street Buildings. Main Central Gallery (Netherlands, 
Norway, Sweden, Canada, &c.) Sixty Jablochoff single-candle lamps, worked by three 
Jablochkoff Gramme self-exciting alternating-current dynamos in Machine Shed. And in 
Central Avenue Four lamp posts, with two candles in each from similar machines. 

WILLARD, F. L., 85 Hoxton Street, N., Western Quadrant, three (Willard) 
arc lamps, driven from one Biirgin dynamo in Machine Room. 

PILSEN JOEL ELECTRIC LIGHT COMPANY, Telegraph Street, 
Moorgate Street, E.G. The Western Gallery With twenty-eight Pilsen arc lamps, nom. 
1000 cp. each, driven by two Schiickert direct current dynamos, 14 lamps each, in the Machine 
Room. 

ELECTRICAL POWER STORAGE COMPANY, THE, Great Win- 
chester Street Buildings, E.G. Fifty incandescent lamps (Swan), fed by a full battery of 
Sellon Volckmaar accumulators, lighting the Entrances, Chairman's Offices, &c. 

BALL'S UNIPOLAR COMPANY. One circuit of seven Ball's arc 
lamps, nom. 800 cp. each ; disposed four in Fish Market, three in Pavilion Corridor ; driven by 
a small Ball's Unipolar dynamo in the Machine Room. 

OSLER, F. & C., 100 Oxford Street, Manufactory, Birmingham, have 
supplied all the cut glass electric fittings, specially designed by themselves, for entrance, also 
the magnificent electroliers in cut glass, 90 lights, and two electroliers, 15 lights, in cut glass 
and brass, all fitted with their special arrangement for central contact for incandescent lamp 
in Fine Arts Court. 



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PRINCIPAL EN 



TRANCES 



( xcii ) 



FINE ARTS. 

OIL PAINTINGS. 

[All communications respecting tlie purchase or sale of pictures should be 
addressed to Mr. 0. W. DESCIIAMPS, IA Old Bond Street, W.] 

1-9. ALFRED, H. J., 20 Moorgate Street, E.G. (1) Not Caught Yet. 
Price 4 4s. (2) Anxious Enquiries. Price 4 4s. (3) Won by a Head. Price 4 4s. 
(4) Life's Sunset. Price 4 4s. (5) "Foul." Price 4 4s. (6) The Rise. Price 4 4s. 
(7) Set of Minatures; episodes of salmon fishing. Price 2G 5s. (8) Set of Minatures of 
Fish. Price 26 5s. (9) Thames Trout ; in season and out of season. Price 50. 

pa. ADAMS, G. G., 126 Sloane Street. Fish Painting, by J. Fyt. 

10. ANSDELL, RICHARD, R.A., Lytham House, Kensington. Fifty 
years ago ; before the Salmon Act. 

II-I5. ARNOLD, HARRY, 162 Conningham Road, W. (11) The Biter ; 
jack seizing roach. Price 25. (12) The Biter Bit ; jack caught by spinning bait. Price 
25. (13) Perch. Price 7 7s. (14) Shad. Price 3 3s. (15) Chub. Price 5 5s. 

16, 17. ARTZ, D. A. C. (16) " A Dutch Fisherman at Home." Price 63. 
(17) A Fisherman's Wife (Holland). Price 63. 

18, ip. ASHE, J. W. L., Heathside, Bexley Heath. (18) A Eough Day 
on the Cornish Coast. Price 52 10s. (19) A Nook on the Cornish Coast. Price 21. 

20. BAKER, F. W., 115 Belsize Koad, Abbey Koad, N.W. "A Cornish 
Fisherman's Home. Price 7 7s. 

21. BANNATYNE, J. J., 5 Albert Street, Kegent'a Park. A Highland 
Salmon Eiver. Price 35. (See Water Colours). 

22. BELSHAW, FRANK, 13 Sherwin Street, Nottingham. "Just 
Caught." Price 16 16s. 

23. BIRD, C., 106 High Street, Lowestoft. Fishing Boats leaving 
Lowestoft Harbour. Price 42. 

24. 25. BISHOP, W. R., 5 Union Square, Islington, N. (24) Salmon, 
Trout, Perch, Chubb, and Dace. (25) Jack, Dace, and Roach. Price 27 10s. the pair. 

26. BLOGG, MRS., NELLIE, 5 Mount View Villas, Crouch Hill, 
Hornsey. " Soldier and Sailor." Price 4 4s. 

27-29. BLOOMER, H. R., Cookham, Dean, Berks. (27) A Devonshire 
Fisherman ; "study from nature. (28) A Sketch of the Sea. (29) Tynemouth Harbour. 

30. BREANSKI, GUSTAVE DE, Cookham, Berks. "Fishing Boats 
making for Whitby Harbour. Price 55. 

31-34. BRACKETT, W. (the late), of Boston, U.S.A. (31) The Eise. 
( 32) The Leap. (33) The Struggle. (34) Landed. All lent by K. Potter, Esq. 

34a. BRISCOE, W. W., 2 Walters Eoad, South Norwood. Chub. 

35, 36. BROOKS, THOMAS, 3 St. Helen's Terrace, Alexandra Park, 
Hastings. (35) "Fishing Cobles running for shelter, Runswick, Yorkshire." Price 157 10s. 
(36) " Lynmouth, North Devon, Life-boat going to the rescue." Price 157 10s. 

37, 38. BROOME. (37) Eamsgate Life-boat, " The Bradford," proceeding 
to the rescue of the crew of the "Indian Chief," on January 5th, 1881. (38) " Return of the 
Lifeboat." Both lent by W. H. Bacon, Esq. 

39. BROWNING, ROBERT BARRETT, 19 Warwick Crescent, W. A 
Stall in the fish market at Antwerp. 

3Q. BURGH, H. V. D. Dutch fisherman. Price 85. Lent by David 
W West, Esq. 

40, 41. CAFFIN, W. W. (40) Eel Bucks on the river Kennet. Price 20. 
41) The Angling Friends. Price 20. Both lent by Alfred G. Jardine, Esq. 

42. CALLCOTT, W. L, 48 Flanders Eoad, Bedford Park, (Jhiswick, W, 
" Herring Smacks Arriving ; " Gorlestone, Great Yarmouth. Price 250, 

J 



\ffine Arts. xciii 



43. CAMERON, HUGH, R.S.A., 22 West Cromwell Eoad, S.W. 
Anxiously Waiting." Price 200. Lent by Adam L. Cochrane, Esq. 

44. CLARK, JOSEPH, 396 Camden Koad, N.W. "The Fisherman's 
Family." Price 63. 

45. CLAXTON, MARSHALL. Isaac Walt on. Lent by the Piscatorial 
Society. 

46. 47. CLAY, SIR ARTHUR, BART., Burrows Lea, Gomshall, Surrey. 
(46) " Mending Nets." Price 31 10s. (47) " The Fisherman's Boy." Price 63. 

48. COX, FRANK E., 5 John Street, Bedford Kow, W.C. "Baiting the 
Lobster Pots." Price 42. 

49,50. COOPER, DAVIS, 103 Gower Street, W.C. (49) Sea Trout 
Fishing. Price 21. (50) Loch Fishing. Price 21. 

51. COOPER, A. W., 7 Manor Koad, Twickenham. Hampshire Trout. 
Price 30. (See Water Colours.') 

$2. COLLINSON, R., 20 Hereford Square, South Kensington. Crab 
Pots, Isle of Wight. Price 100. 

53. COLLINSON, H. L., 20 Hereford Square, South Kensington. Fresh 
Water Fish. 

54-60. CRAFT, PERCY R., Stanmore Lodge, PengeLane, Sydenham, S.E. 
(54) " Last of the Oyster Boats, Port Enyon, South Wales." Price 12 12s. (55) " The 
Smack-Yard in Chancery, Shoreham." Price 12 12s. (56) "A Cornish Fishing-Village." 
Price 21. (57) " An Afternoon on the Beach." Price 12 12s. (58) " Watching the 
Fishing Fleet." Price 21. (59) Making Crab Pots, Cornwall. Price 10. (60) A 
Crabber's Haven, Cornwall. Price 25. 

6l, 62. CULLIN, J. R., 18 Warwick Gardens, Kensington, W. (61) 
Salmon and Trout. Price 30. (62) Perch, &c. Price 40. 

63. DUYNEN, ISAAC VAN. Sea Fish. Price 350. Lent by 
G. A. Jardine, Esq. 

64, 65. EDWARDS, EDWIN (the late), care of Mrs. Edwards, 26 Golden 
Square. (64) By the Salmon breeding boxes, Sunbury-on-Thames. Price 35. (65) 
Pilchard Fishing, Mullion Cove. Price 35. 

66-68. ERSKINE, NICOL, A.R.A., 24 Dawson Place, W. (66) Storm 
at Sea. Lent by E. Priestman, Esq. (67) " Steady, Johnnie ! " Lent by David P. McEuan, 
Esq. (68) " II Piscatore." Lent by Mr. L. H. Lefevre. 

69, 70. FARREN, R. T., Cambridge. (69) " Chub from the Ouse, Cam- 
bridge." Lent by W. Farren, Esq. (70) Perch and Bream from the Ouse. Lent by W. 
Farren, Esq. 

71. FENNELL, GREVILLE. Glen Sannox, Isle of Arran. Lent by 
T. K. Sachs, Esq. 

72-74. FISHER, A. E., care of Mr. Hensman, 33 Harley Street, W. (72) 
Trout taken in Herts. Price 10 10s. (73) Chub from the New. Price 10 10s. 

(74) Pike from the Daventry. Price 10 10s. 

75. FISHER, DAN., Wheeler Street, Witley, Surrey. "Landing 
Herrings at Whitby." Price 68 5s. 

76. FORBES, ANNIE A., 10 Coburg Place, Bayswater Eoad, W. 
' Hooked at Last." Price 7. 

77-80. FORSTER, C. (77) Salmon, Perch, and Roach. Price 12 12s. 
(78) Jack, Chub, and Koach. Price 12 12s. (79) A Catastrophe (after Bateman). Lent 
by T. E. Sachs, Esq. (80) A Brace of Trout (after Kolfe). Lent by T. K, Sachs, Esq. 

8l, 82. FORSTER, J. (81) Galway Fish Girl. Lent by Alfred G. 
Jardine, Esq. Price 20. (82) Slapton Ley Fishery. Lent by Alfred G. Jardine, Esq. 
Price 10. 

83,84. GARLAND, H., 3 Woodfield Terrace, Harrow Eoad. (83) "A 
Fisherman's Yarn." Price 150. (84) What Luck, Jack ? " Price 75. 

85, 86. GEDDES, WM.,Gowanbrae Cottage, Blair Gowrie. (85) " Nothing 
like the March Brown." Price 21. (86) " Old Isaac's Favourite." Lent by D. Scott, Esq. 

87-89. GILLIG, F., (1680). Lent by Joseph Grego, Esq. (87) Group 
of Sea Fish. Price 40. (88) Group of Freshwater Fish. Price 20. (89) Freshwater 
Fish and Nets. Price 30. 

90. GRAHAM, T., Stanhope Yard, Delancey Street, N.W. "Oh, the 
Clang of the Wooden Shoon " Lent by Mrs. Stewart. 



xciv Fine Arts. 



91. GRIFFITHS, TOM, 31 Kochester Road, N. Oyster Beds, Mumbles, 
Swansea ; Early Morning. Pi ice 60. 

92, 93. HAWKSLEY, ARTHUR, 2 Queen's Road Studio, St. John's 
Wood. (92) Departure of Leigh Shrimping Boats. Price 40. (93) A Game of 
Patience. Price 18. 

04-96. HAYES, EDWIN, R.H.A., Briscoe House, Steele's Road, N.W. 

(94) Dutch Fishing Pinks returning from Sea. Katwyke Beach, Holland. Price 400. 

(95) "Life-boat." Lent by Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bart, M.P. (96) Newlin. 
Price 22. 

97,98. HAYLLAR, J., Castle Priory, Wallingford. (97) "A Boulogne 
Fish Wife. ' Price 7 7s. (98) " A Trout Stream." Price 5 5s. 

99-IOOa. HEMY, C. NAPIER, 1 Park Terrace, Falmouth. " Saved." Lent 
by Major A. G. Sandeman. (100) The Morning Catch. Lent by W. B. Waterlow, Esq. 
(lOOa) Clearing the Nets. Lent by Lieut.-Col. Sandeman. 

101. HEMY, T. M., 6 Alma Square, Abbey Road, N.W. " Through the 
Sparkling Waves." (See Water Colours.') Price 50. 

102. HENDERSON, J., 227 Hope Street, Glasgow. " Fishing-Boats at 
Anchor, Sound of Kilbramen." Price 126. 

103. HENSON, EDWARD. Portrait of F. G. Pearce, Esq. Lent by 
The Piscatorial Society. 

104. HODGSON, J. E., R.A., 10 Hill Road, Abbey Road, N. W. " Salt 
Water Fisherman." 

105. HOLLOWAY, C. E., 36 Gloster Road, Regent's Park. " A Yar- 
mouth Shrimper." Lent by W. E. Haycock, Esq. Price 125. 

I06-II3. HOLROYD, E. A., 2 Cricklewood Lane, N.W. (106) Grailing. 
Price 7 7s. (107) Caught. Price 21. (108) Wandle Trout. Price 7 7s. 
(109) Perch. Price 7 7s. (110) Frozen Out. Price 10 10s. (Ill) Waiting. 
Price 15 I5s. (112) Landed. Price 15 15s. (113) Portrait of Isaac Walton. Lent 
by the Gresham Angling Society. 

114. HOWARD, G. W., 85 High Street, Battersea. Fish. Price 250. 

II5-II7. HUME, E., South Harting, Petersfield. (115) "A Cornish 
Fishing Village." Price 52 10s. (116) "Corking the Net. St. Ives." Price 52 10s. 
(117) "Waiting. Berck-sur-Mer." Price 52 10s. (See Water Colours). 

Il8. HUNTER, G. SHERWOOD, 209 King Street, Aberdeen. " Salmon 
Fishermen Emptying a Fly-Net, Aberdeen Beach.'* 

lip. HOGARTH, W. Billingsgate 1754. Lent by Miss Wright, 23 
Sutherland Gardens. 

120. HUNTER, COLIN, 14 Melbury Road, Kensington. " The Silver 
of the Sea." Lent by Sir Donald Currie, K.C.M.G., M.P. 

121-124. ISRAELS, JOSEPH, The Hague, Holland. (121) " The Poor 
of the Village." Lent by G. Webster, Esq. (122) Old and Worn Out. (123) The 
Yachting Party. (124) "For these and all your mercies." 122-124 lent by J. S. 
Forbes, Esq. 

124/1. JONES, C. M., 145 Chesterton Road, W. "After a hurricane, in 
the Gulf of Florida." Price 4. 

125, 126. JOPLING, MRS. LOUISE, 28 Beaufort Street, Chelsea. (125) 
A Bordighera Fisherman. Price 5 5s. (126) On the Kiviera. Price 3 5s. 

127. KENNEDY, C.N., 192 Alexandra Koad, N.W. Whitby. Price 42. 

128. KING, HAYNES, Camden Studios, Camden Street, N.W. "A 
Mussel Gatherer." Price 27 10s. 

129-131. KNELL, A., 15 The Grotto, Cliftonville, Margate. (129) " A 
Derelict on the Goodwins the Fisherman's Prize." Price 42. (130) Evening on the 
Thames." (131) " A Tranquil Night at Sea." Price 6 6s. 

132, 133. KNELL, W. C. (132) Fishing boats in a breeze off Sheerness. 

(133) Fishing boats making ready for Sea. 

134, 135. KNIGHT, A. R., Summerwell Place, West Green, Tottenham. 

(134) "Not Caught Yet." Price 12 12s. (135) "Just Caught." Price 12 12s. 
136-138. KNOWLES, DAVIDSON, 11 Munster Terrace, Fulham, S.W. 

(136) Fishermen returning from a Wreck. Price 50. (137) Lobster Boat becalmed. 
Price 10 10a. (138) The Herring Boat. Price 15 15s. 



Fine Arts. xcv 



139. LEA, H., 24 Arthur Street, W.C. Dutch fishing boats waiting for 
the tide. Price 6 6s. 

140. LEGGITT, ALEXANDER. The Herring Trawlers at Loch 
Fyne, at sunset. Price 50. Lent by L. C. Kerans, Esq. 

141,142. LEWIS, ARTHUR, 2 Upper CheyneEow, Chelsea. (141) Mend- 
ing Nets, at Barmouth. Price 6 6s. (142) Fishing Boats, Barmouth. Price 12 12s. 

143-149. LEWIS, C. J., Cheyne House, Chelsea. (143) " Landing Nets, 
Barmouth, North Wales." Price 36 10s. (144) ' Sunrise, returning from a night's fishing, 
Barmouth." Price 36 10s. (145) " Blessing the Sea, before the Autumn fishing, coast of 
Artois." Price 52 13s. (146) " Study of Trout." Price 32 10s. (147) Drying Nets, 
Boulogne. Price 31 10s. (148) A Wiltshire Trout Stream. Price 85. (149) 
Poaching ; an old Weir on the Darenth. Price 88. (See Water Colours.) 

150. LEWIS, J. H. A Suggestion by Mrs. Dean of Hastings for Elec- 
tric lights on the Cliffs between the North and South Foreland to warn ships at Sea when 
approaching the Goodwin Sands. 

151. LUDOVICI, A., 24 Mornington Eoad, Regent's Park. "Canal 
Fishers." Price 21. 

152. MACARTHUR, MISS BLANCHE, 30 John Street, Bedford Row. 
La Pointe du Decolle, St. Lunaire, Brittany, Price 12 12s. 

153. MACARTHUR, MISS MARY, 30 John Street, Bedford Row. 
Ste. Enog at Dunard, Brittany. Price 12 12s. 

154. MACBETH, JAMES, care of Mr. C. W. Deschamps, U Old Bond 
Street. " Landing Herrings, Morning in the Old Harbour, Greenock." Price 52 10s. 

155. MACBETH, ROBERT W., A.R.A., 2 Wychcombe Studios, Eng- 
land's Lane, N.W. " A Sardine Fishery." Lent by Messrs. J. & W. Vokins. 

156. McINTYRE, J. W., 2 Market Place, Sheffield. "Holy Island Bay." 
Price 31 10s. 

157. MACNAB, P., 219 Maida Vale, N.W. " Calm Reflections." Price 
94 10s. 

158-160. McTAGGART, WM., R.S.A., 24 Charlotte Square, 'Edinburgh. 
(158) Through Wind and Kain. Lent by James G. Orchar, Esq. (159) Bait Gatherers. 
Lent by Captain Lodder. (160) Happy as the Day is Long. Lent by W. Chamberlin, Esq. 

161. MAY, W. WM., 34 t Percy Street. French Fishing Boats, Havre. 
(See Water Colours.') 

162. MILES, T. R., Camden Road Studios, N.W. (162) " Galway Fish 
Market." Price 250. (163) A Wreck on the Goodwins. Price 105. 

164-166. MESDAG,H.W., The Hague, Holland. (164) "Waiting for the 
arrival of the Herring Boats at Scheveningen (Evening). Price 315. (165) Eeturn of 
the Life-boat. Price 315. (166) Scheveningen fishing boats, Winter. Price 250. 

167, 168. MONTALBA, MISS CLARA, 20 Stanley Crescent, W. (107) 
Crab Pots, Venice. Len iby S. L. Schuster, Esq. (168) A Bragozzo, Venetian Fishing 
Boat. Lent by F. Pennington, Esq., M.P. 

169. MONTALBA, MISS HILDA, 20 Stanley Crescent, W. A 
Chioggia fisher-boy. Price 15 15s. 

170, 171. MOORE, HENRY, 4 Sheffield Terrace, Kensington. (170) " A 
Life-boat." Lent by Henry Tate, Esq. (171) Storm, Scarbro', Fishing-Boat driven in with 
loys of hands. (See Water Colours.) 

172. MYDDELTON, SIR HUGH, ANGLING SOCIETY, "Empress 
of Kussia," St. John's Koad, Clerkenwell, E.G. Fresh-water fish. 

173. NIBBS, R. H., 7 Buckingham Place, Brighton. ("Launching Hog- 
Boats, Brighton Beach.") Price 52 10s. (See Water Colours.) 

174. I78, NIEMANN, E. F. (174) Roach. Piice 12 12s. (174a) 
Trout. (175) Fish Group. Price 15 15s. (175) Tench. (176) Perch and Minnow. 
Price 8 8s. (176a) Isaac Walton. (177) Carp. Price 5 5s. (178) Gudgeon 
Price 10 10s. 174-178 lent by Joseph Grego, Esq. (178a) Pike. 15 15s. 

179. O'CONNOR, JOHN, 28 Abercorn Place, Maida Vale. The 
Thames at Greenhitho, looking down river. Price 21. (See Water Colours.) 

ISO, iSoa. OFFORD, J. T. (180) Carp, Tench, Perch, and Eel. Lent by 
Alfred G. Jardine, Esq. (180a) Foy ye fysche daye dynnar. Goode Priour and Monkin 
ftdle Contentment were Wyth fysche dayes as wyth heartie Fleschc dayes fare. 



xcvi Pine Arls. 

181. PETTIE, J., R.A., The Lothians, Fitzjohn's Avenue, NW A 
Fly Fisher. Lent by W. K. Galbraith, Esq. 

182. POCOCK, L. L., 12 Warwick Eoad, Maida Vale "The Seine 
Net." Price 20. 

183. QUINTON, A., 12 New Court, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. "Polperro, 
Cornwall." Price 15 15s. (183a) "Polperro, Cornwall." Price 15 15s. 

184. 185. RAINEY, W., 12 New Court, Lincoln's Inn. (184) "The Two 
Pollys." Price 30. (185) " The Quay, Newlyn, Cornwall." Price 20. 

186. RAWLE, J. S., 155 Great Titchfield Street, W. Boats in the Bay 
of Beer, South Devon. Price 15. 

187. ROBERTSON, H. R., 1 Steele's Studio, Haverstock Hill. "Grig 
Weels." Lent by H. J. Stiles, Esq. 

1870. ROE, J. THORNE, Eosehill House, Wandsworth. (187o) 
Landscape. Price 52 10s. (1876) Moonlight. Price 15 15s. 

188. ROLFE, A. F. Maidenhead Bridge. Price 30. 

189. ROLFE, THE BROTHERS. The Wye, South Wales. Lent by 
T. E. Sachs, Esq. 

190-200. ROLFE, H. L. (the late). (190) A Committee of Taste. (191) 
Feeding Time. Both lent by T. R. Sachs, Esq. (192) Trout. Lent by J. Overall, Son 
& Co. Price 100. (193) There's Beauty in Death." (194) (The Landscape by 
W. W. Caffyn.) Price 150 10s. (195) " Not caught yet." (196) The Landscape by 
W. W. Caffyn. Price 157 10s. (197) " Caught." Price 36 15s. (198) " Don't you 
wish you may get it." Price 26 5s. (199) " Salmon and Trout." Price 26 5s. (200) 
"Sea and River Trout." Price 36 15s. Nos. 193-200 lent by H. Skynner, Esq. (See 
Water Colours.") 

201. RUSSELL, CHARLES, 1 Lynton Terrace, EastDulwich. Paintings 
of Fresh Water Fish. Price 5 5s. 

202-209. SADLER, W. DENDY, 28 Finchley Eoad, N.W. (202) 
" Thursday." Lent by Henry Tate, Esq. (203) " The Complete Angler." Lent by J. 
Fairs, Esq. (204) The Disappointed Anglers. Lent by Mr. L. H. Lefevre. Price 500. 
(205) " When the wind's in the South, it blows the bait in the fish's mouth." Lent by J. 
W. Cook, Esq. (206) "Birds of a feather flock together." Price 150. (207) "When 
the wind's in the North, the skilful fisher goes not forth." Price 75. (208) " The Old 
Soldier." Price 100. (209) " A good one." Price 75. Nos. 206-209 lent by Mr. L. 
H. Lefevre. 

210. SHAW, W. J., Salcombe, Kingsbridge, South Devon. Worthing 
Luggers brought up for the night. Price 50. 

211. SIMMONS, P. E., Concameau, Finistere, France. Fish. Price 15. 

212. SMYTHE, LIONEL P., 36 Gloucester Crescent, Regent's Park. 
Harvest of the Sea. Lent by G. Findlay, Esq. 

213. SNYDERS, FRANCIS. Fish. Lent by Mrs. Hooper, 2 Park 
Road, Surbiton, Surrey. Price 63. 

214-231. TARGETT, G. T., Stanhope Villa, Wilton Eoad, Salisbury. (214) 
Christchurch Salmon. Price 52 10s. (215) Group of Pike. Price 21. (216) Group 
of Trout. Price 21. (217) Group of Perch. Price 15 15s. (218) Group of Dace, 
Roach, Gudgeon, and Eel. Price 15 15s. (219) Group of Grayling. Price 12 12s. 
(220) The Happy Family. Price 12 12s. (221) Specimen Pike. Price 10 10s. 
(222) Specimen Trout, just landed. Price 10 10s. (223) Specimen Grayling. Price 
10 10s. (224) Gold and Silver Fish, &c. Price 7 7s. (225) Minnows: juvenile 
sport. Price 7 7s. (226) Group of Trout. Price 8 8s. (227) An April fool. 
Price 8 8s. (228) Avon Trout and Grayling. Price 12 12s. Nos. 227 and 228 lent by 
Mrs. Frost. (229) Trout "in a fix." Price 12. (230) Trout. Price 6. (231) 
Grayling. Price 6. Nos. 229-231 lent by Alfred George Jardine, Esq. 

232, 233. TAYLOR, E. R., 26 Highfield Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham. 
(232) " Flies." Price 150. (233) " Herring Fishery, Whitby." 

234. TENIERS, DAVID, JUN. Fish. Lent by T. Spink, Esq., 
87 Newgate Street, E.G. 

235. THOMSON, LESLIE, 76 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square. "A 
Shrimper, Normandy." Price 52 10s. 

236. TURNER. Storm Approaching. Lent by H. Massey, Esq., 41 
Park Street, Grosvenor Square. 

236^. VESEY, 34 Yonge Park, N. " Going to the Rescue." Price 35. 



Fine Arts. xcvii 



237, 238. WALTERS, G. S., 134 Adelaide Eoad, N.W. (237) "Vessels 
Coming into Harbour, Littlehampton." Price 15. (238) A Moonlight Night on the 
River. Price 10. (See Water Colours.) 

239. 23pa. WAY, W. C v 83 Park Eoad, Newcastle-on-Tyne. (239) A 
Fishing Station, North East Coast. Price 15. (239A.) After the Toil of the Night 
Price 17. 

240. WALLIS, MISS, 4 The Eesidences, S.K.M. A Study. 

241. WALLIS, WHITWORTH, 4 The Eesidences, S.K.M. Off Elsi- 
nore, Denmark. Price 15 15s. 

242. WEBB, JAMES, 6 William Street, Lowndes Square. Sheveningeri 
Shore. Price 105. 

243. 244. WELCH, H. J., 1 Fitzroy Street, Fitzroy Square. (243) " Dis- 
turbing the Birds." Price 15 15s. (244) " A Fresh Sea." Price 15 15s. 

245, 246. WHIPPLE, J., 4 Ohichester Street, St. George's Square. (245) 
" On the Cornish Coast." Price 20. (246) " Bude Point, Cornwall." Price 7. 

246A. WILLIAMS, R. A., 29, Woodstock Eoad, Ohiswick. "Think You 
Our Oysters here unworthy of Our Praise ? Price 16 10s. 

247-253. WILSON, STANLEY, 28A Manchester Street, Manchester 
Square. (247) "The Biter Bit." Price 25. (248) "The Poacher." Price 25. 
(249) A Successful Foray. Price 12 12s. (250) " Another Victim." Price 25. (251) 
" Struggle for Home." Price 8 8s. (252) " Dining Out." Price 12 12s. (253) 
"VN andle Trout. Price 7 7s. Lent by Mrs. Frost. 249-252 lent by E. Frost, Esq. 

254-257. WYLLIE, W. L., 70 Carlton Hill, N.W. (254) The End of 
the Day. Lent by Mr. T. Smith. (255) French Fisherwomen. Price 50. (256 Life- 
boat putting off to an East Indiaman. Price 63. (257) Trial Trip of the Life-boat pre- 
sented to the Lifeboat Institution by the Cadets of the "Worcester." Price 63. (See 
Water Colours.) 

258, 259. WYLLIE, C. W., 2A Fulham Place, Maida Yale, N.W. (258) 
Portsmouth Harbour ; Fishing Boats bringing in Sprats. Price 150. (259) Fishing Boats 
at Andrecelles. Price 150. 

260. YGLESIAS, V. P., 9 Fitzroy Street, Fitzroy Square. " Homes of 
the Fisher-folk, St. Mawes, near Falmouth. Price 30. 



PAINTINGS LENT BY THE FISHMONGEKS' COMPANY. 

(261) A Wedding Festival, Old Billingsgate Market. (262) Painting of Fish, by Isaac van 
Duynen, 1670. (263-269a) Paintings of Fish, by Arnold van Hacken, 1767. (270) West- 
minster Bridge in the year 1747, by Scott. (271) Custom House Quay in the year 1757, by 
Scott. (272) London Bridge before the alteration, 1757; by Scott. (273) River Thames, 
Old Fishmongers' Hall, and Billingsgate, by J. T. Serries. 



WATEE COLOUES. 

274. BAILEY, H., 14 Cunningham Place, St. John's Wood. " A Fishing 
Village, Cornwall. Price 12 12s. 

275. BANNATYNE, J. J., 5 Albert Street, Eegent's Park. A Highland 
Trout Stream. Price 20. (See Oil Paintimjs.) 

276-278. BRIERLY, OSWALD W- (276) "Salmon-fishing in the 
River Alta, Norway," Lent by H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. (277) H.M.S. Racoon 
in Lerwick Harbour, Shetland, and a fleet of Dutch Herring-vessels, June, 1863. Lent by 
H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh. (278) South Sea Whaling. Lent by C. E. Fry, Esq. 

278A. BREWETNALL, 1 The Mall, ' Haverstock Hill. Beaching the 
Boats. 

279. CAPE, T. W., 46 Clifton Hill, St. John's Wood. " A Storm, Moon- 
light." Price 15 15s. 

280, 28l. CLACK, THOS., Yernon Lodge, Wellesley Eoad, Turnham 
Green, Gunnersbury. (280) Beachy Head. Price 20. (281) Moonlight at Sea. 
Price 20. 



xcviii Fine Arts. 



282. COOPER, A. W., 7 Manor Koad, Twickenham. Trout, Roach, 
Chub, and Grayling. Price 40. (See Oil Paintings.) 

283. COWPER, R., 3 The Kesidences, South Kensington Museum. The 

Fisning Quarter, Hastings. Price 6 6s. 

284. DERBY, THE LATE W. Fisherman. Lent by 0. H. Derby. 

285. EYRE, J., 29 Beaufort Street, Chelsea. Fisherman and Children, 
Whitby. Price 6 6s, 

286-288. FAIRMAN, PRANCES C., Frognal, Sunninghill, Berks. 

(286) Koek Fish in the Crystal Palace Aquarium. Price 15 15s. (287) Bock Suckers 

in the Crystal Palace Aquarium. Price 15 15s. (288) Mackerel and Prawns. Price 

5 5s. 

288. GOLD, G. J., 82 Leonard Street, Finsbury. " A Bonny Fish Girl." 
289-294. HEMY, C. N., Myrtle Lodge, North End, Fulham. (289) 

Portuguese Surf Boats. (290) Fishing Boats of Valborn. (291) Portuguese Hiate. 

(292) Surf Boat. (293) Wyne Boats and Surf Boats. (294) Portuguese Surf Boats and 

River Douro Fishing. All lent by Lieut.-Col. Sandeman. 

295, 296. HEMY, T. M., 6 Alma Square, St. John's Wood. (295) 
" Dutch Eel Boats off Billingsgate." Price 15. (296) Mackerel Boats at Kinsale. 
Price 20. 

297. HERKOMER, HUBERT, A.R.A., Dyreham, Bushey. " Got 
Him." Lent by C. E. Fry, Esq. 

298. HODGES, W. J., Lavender Hill, S.W. Trout; Pen and Ink. 
Price 50. 

299. 300. HOPKINS, A., 22 St. Ann's Villas, Netting Hill. (299) A 
Fisherman's Garden. Price 42. (300) Fishing Boats at Low Tide. Price 21. 

301. HUME, E., South Harting, Petersfield. Dutch: "The Silvered 
Stream." Price 30. (See Oil Paintings.) 

302. HUNT, A. A., Blackheath Park. Setting the Net. Coast of Nor- 
mandy. Price 10 10s. 

303. JOPLING, J. M., 28 Beaufort Street, Chelsea. Mending Nets, St. 
Nonan's, Fife. Price 42. 

304. 305. LAWRENCE, W. T., 26 Old Compton Street, Soho. (304) 
" Barbel and Perch." Price 2 2s. (305) " Isaac Walton's House, Fleet Street." 

306. LEWIS, A., Cheyne House, Chelsea. Mending Nets, Barmouth, 
North Wales. Price 6 6s. 

307. LEWIS, C. J., Cheyne House, Chelsea. Port of Boulogne, Fishing 
Boats. Price 31 10s. (See Oil Paintings.') 

308. MACULLOCH, JAMES, 9 Harrington Square. Hooked at Last. 
Auchnahool Burn. Price 26 5s. 

309-312. MAY, WALTER WILLIAM, 34 Percy Street. (309) Black 
Hocks at Trouville. Bait gatherers. Price 15 15s. (310) Fishing Boats at Dieppe. 
Price 10 10s. (311) Fishing Boats entering the Port of Boulogne. Price 10 10s. 
(312) French Fishing Boats leaving the Port of Havre. Price 10 10s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

313. MOOBE, HENRY, 4 Sheffield Terrace, Kensington. Fishing Boats 
returning, wind freshening, Lowestoft. Price 52 10s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

314. NIBBS, R. H., 7 Buckingham Place, Brighton. Billingsgate Market, 
1860. Price 52 10s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

315-317. NORMAN, Philip, 70 Onslow Gardens. (315) Fishing Boats, 
Folkestone Harbour. Price 2 12s. (316) Hastings from Pier, Evening. Price 6 6s 
(317) View on the Yorkshire Coast. 15 15s. 

318. O'CONNOR, J., 28 Abercorn Place, Maida Vale. Wreck at Fal- 
mouth. Price 15 15s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

319. 3iga. PYNE, T., 56 Upper Park Eoad, Haverstock Hill. (319) A 
Country and the Farm on the Common. Price 6 6s. (319a ) A Venetian Fishing Boat. 
Price 5 5s. 

320. QUINTON, A., 12 New Court, Lincoln's Inn. " Drying the Sails, 
Polperro Cornwall." Price 15 15s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

321. REID, A. D., St. Luke, Kepplestone, Aberdeen. "The Herring 
Harvest." Price 45. 



Fine Arts. 



322-326. ROLFE, H. L. (the late). (322) Trout. Price 10. (323) 
Barbel, Chub, and Eoach. Price 10. (324) Salmon " Taking the Fly." Price 10. 
(325) Salmon " Leap for Liberty " Price 10. (326) Salmon "The Last Struggle." 
Price 10. 322-326 lent by Alfred G. Jardine, Esq. (See Oil Paintings.) 

327. ROSCOE, S. G. W., 57 Caversham Eoad, N.W. "Fishing Boats 

at Exmouth, Devon." Price 30. 

328. SEVERN, WALTER, 9 Earl's Court Square, W. Seals, Cor- 
morants and Gulls fishing off the north coast of Cornwall. Price 55. 

329. SMALL, W., 294 Camden Koad. " The Survivors." Price 100. 
330-332. SMITH, J. WHITTET, Fairseat Cottage, Ealing. (330) 

Bass Kock. Price 4 4s. (331) The Keturn of the Herring Boats. Price 12 12s. 

(332) On the Medway, evening. Price 12 12s. 

333-335. SPIERS, R., PHENE, Carlton Chambers, 12 Kegent Street, W. 

(333) " Fishing Boats and Net Huts, Hastings Beach." Price 7 7s. (334) " Scheven- 
ingen Fishing Boats/' Price 7 7s. (335) " Scheveningen Fishing Boats, sea fog coming 
on." Price 5 os. 

336. STOCKS, W. F., 192 Haverstock Hill. Taking up pilchards by 
moonlight near the Lizard, Cornwall. Price 31 10s. 

337. THORNELEY, C., Hastings House, The Park, Highgate. Eye 
Fishing Smacks. Price 8 8s. 

339. WALTERS, G. S., 134 Adelaide Eoad, N.W. Off the Worm Head, 
wind against tide. Price 25. (See Oil Paintings.) 

340. WALTON, F., Holmsbury, St. Mary Dorking. " The Crabbers," 
Penberth Cove, Cornwall. Price 18 18s. (See Oil Paintings.) 

341. WHITMORE BRYAN, Halliford, Shepperton. Lizard Head. 
Price 28. 

342. WYLLIE, W. L., 70 Carlton Hill, N.W. Arabs fishing, at 
Alexandria. Price 26 5s. (See Oil Paintings.) 



ART NEEDLE WORK. 

(Entrance to Fish Market.) 

343. WILLIAMS, MRS. CHARLES, 61 Cambridge Eoad, Hammer- 
smith. Harbour Scene : after Etching by Joseph Vernet, worked in silk and human hair. 
(Exhibited at Great Exhibition of 1851.) 



ADVEKTISEMENTS. 



JOHN GLEN, 

AD VERTISEMENT AGENT, 

I3<z, Salisbury Square, Fleet Street, 
LONDON, E.G. 

Agent to the Contractors (WILL f AM CLOWES &> SONS, Limited] 
jor the Official Pttllications of the Great International 
Fisheries Exhibition, 1883. 



CROSSLEY BROS., LIMITED, 

MANCHESTER, AND 24 POULTRY, E.G. 

"OTTO" GAS ENGINE 



to 100 n.r> 



10,000 A.T WORK. 




Combined Engines for Lighting, Ventilating, Fire Pumping, etc. 

Can be worked with a consumption of 1* Ibs. of ANTHRACITE COAL 
per H.P. per hour with Special Gas. 

CROSSLEY BEOS., Limited, Manchester, & 24 Poultry, Lo idon. 



GKEAT BRITAIN. 



GREAT BRITAIN. 



SEA FISHING. 

UNDEB this head is included everything immediately relating to and connected with the actual 
working of all kinds of fishing. The class has been naturally and conveniently divided into 
two sections sea fishing and freshwater fishing ; and it ia to the more important section of 
sea fishing that attention will first be directed. 

The wide importance of the sea fisheries will be perhaps better understood when the 
variety of objects now brought together before the public have been examined, and it is 
observed how many trades must be kept at work, and how much knowledge in various forms 
is required to provide the fisherman with the apparently simple means of carrying on his 
daily occupation of catching fish. The demand for sea fish is constantly increasing. This 
naturally leads to greater enterprise among the fishermen; and capital, in the majority of 
cases the accumulated savings from years of hard work at the fisheries, is invested in additional 
boats and gear for the further development of an industry which, laborious as it is, yet rarely 
fails to bring a more or less profitable return to all who are concerned in it. The special 
increase of fishing during recent years has been, however, in the deep sea, and nothing has 
been more remarkable in this respect than the rapid growth of beam-trawling, especially in 
the North Sea, where a great extent of suitable ground is always available. It is from this 
vast field and by the method of fishing known as "beam-trawling" that the London and 
country markets are mainly supplied with turbot, brill, and soles among "prime" fish, and 
thousands of tons of plaice, haddock, and other common fish are obtained and distributed 
at low prices among the poorer classes throughout the country. The peculiar construction of 
the beam-trawl will well repay examination, and some idea will be obtained of the manner in 
which such large numbers of fish are taken whilst the net is being silently towed over the 
ground, entirely out of sight of the fishermen. 

Second only in importance to the trawl is the drift-net, the method by which mackerel, 
herrings, and pilchards are principally captured. In this case we have nets which are in general 
use all round our coasts, and employed at long as well as at moderate distances from the 
land. As their name implies, " drift-nets " require plenty of room, for they are carried 
wherever the tide may drift them during the few hours they are left in the water ; and their 
simple character will be readily understood from the numerous specimens exhibited, differing 
but little in general appearance except in the size of the mesh, which is adapted to the kind 
of fish intended to be taken. Few people who are not fishermen have any idea of the hundreds 
or even thousands of miles of net which almost nightly in the regular fishing seasons float like 
long walls or barriers in the sea to intercept and mesh the shoals of fish as they gradually . 
draw in towards the coast. The drift fisheries are altogether a very important industry, both 
to ourselves and those countries bordering on the North Sea and the Channel, and in 
Scotland the drift herring fishery is looked forward to as the most valuable harvest. 
Besides the nets already mentioned, many other varieties will be found abundantly represen- 
ted ; among them the gigantic funnel-shaped stow-net, by which thousands of tons of sprats 
are caught every winter at the mouth of the Thames and other places on the south coast of 
England and the sean, seine, or sweep-not (the ancient Sagena] the oldest form of net of which 

T? 2 



Great Britain Introduction Sea Fishing. 



we have any distinct record. More universal in its use than nets, and of particular importance 
for the capture of certain kinds of fish, line fishing must always possess a great deal of interest. 
It represents probably the earliest method of fishing, and fish hooks of some description, 
and often of the roughest kind, have been found in use among the most uncivilized people 
met with by early navigators. Line fishing in this country is extensively carried on for the 
capture especially of cod, ling, haddock and whiting, and hooked fish of these kinds usually 
command a higher price than those caught in the trawl as their delicacy is not impaired by 
the knocking about to which they are subjected when massed together among the varied and 
often crowded contents of the beam-trawl. The various plans adopted in different countries 
for fitting out the special gear for the capture of particular kinds of fish both by hand-line 
and long line are well represented, and no doubt may be studied with advantage. 

Objects of special interest will be found in the numerous models of, and designs for, 
the boats and vessels in which the fisheries are carried on. The increasing tendency in 
recent times to fish at long distances from the land and to remain at sea for even many weeks 
at a time, has led to a marked change in the character of the fishing vessels employed, and 
has induced builders to study the advantages of greater size and improved designs in the 
construction of vessels Capable of facing the bad weather to which they are sure sooner or 
later to be exposed. Even in the smaller boats more commonly employed in drift fishing, 
the advantage of their being decked is daily becoming more evident, for they can stand worse 
weather and therefore can risk going farther to sea, and seeking the shoals of fish where 
formerly they dared not venture, The most important improvement, however, in connection 
with fishing craft is the employment of steam power; and it is applied in various ways, 
although the additional expense incurred interfered for some time with even its present partial 
adoption. Its advantage, however, is very great, enabling the fishing boats to go to and 
return quickly from their fishing grounds, saving both time and labour in hauling their 
nets, and especially in the case of deep-sea trawling, where fast steam " carriers " collect the 
fish from a fleet of trawlers, and make the best of their way with it to the nearest market ; 
so that whether used as a partial substitute for sails, for economising labour on board ship, 
or securing a quick delivery of the fish at the market, the application of steam to fishing 
vessels must be regarded as one of the most important steps yet taken in the development of 
the deep-sea fisheries. The sea-going character of so many of our fishing vessels obliges 
them also to be fitted out with more elaborate appliances than were ever thought of by the 
simple-minded fishermen of little more than a generation back. They have now to deal with 
everything on a larger scale, and they find the benefit of numerous inventions and recent 
improvements in capstans, compasses, lights, barometers, &c., helping them to do their work 
more easily, and to take better precautions against the many dangers to which they are exposed 
in the stormy weather they have so frequently to contend with. 

The dangers to which fishermen are so often subjected when at sea are, however, not the 
only ones they have to deal with, and on many exposed parts of the coast their greatest difficulty 
frequently meets them on their return home, when they have perhaps to run before the gale 
for the narrow entrance of the little fishing harbour which is the only protection they have for 
their boats. Sad tales of distress might be told of boats being dashed to pieces against the 
piers in attempting to enter some of the little harbours on the Scotch coast, or, having failed 
lo properly make the entrance, are helplessly driven on the neighbouring rocks, and perish 
within sight of their homes. Models of suitable artificial harbours for fishing-boats therefore 
deserve the best attention, and in connection with this subject some proposed methods for 
breaking the force of the sea at the entrance to harbours may be examined with interest. 

Life-boats and life-saving apparatus will probably appear to many people to have but little 
to do with sea-fishing; but unfortunately such is not the case. The large scale on which 
the deep-sea fisheries are now carried on, and the boat work necessary for conveying the fish 
from the trawlers to the carriers in all kinds of weather, open a wide field for the use of 
life-belts, and the adaptation of some of the principles on which life-boats are constructed to 
the small boats belonging to the fishing vessel. Fishermen are, however, very careless of danger 
and, like sailors in general, are disposed to regard simple precautions for safety as implying a 
doubt of their courage and hardihood. The winter storms however rarely pass over without 
the fishermen finding the advantage of the life-boat system which has been so admirably 



Great Britain Introduction -Sea Fishing. 



organised around our coasts. The splendid display of life-boats and life-saving apparatus beat 
strong testimony to the wide interest now felt at home and abroad in this important subject. 
Finally, some attention is being given to the means of communicating from the shore to lights 
ships or possibly to stations for fishing vessels by submarine cables or methods of signalling; 
and a slight consideration of the variety of objects now brought under notice will show 
how many interests are concerned in the practical working of the sea fisheries, and in 
procuring the large supply of wholesome food which is daily brought in from them to the 
markets. 

E. W. H. HOLDSWOBTH, F.L.S., &o. 



For Watering Gardens and Lawns, Washing 
Carriages, Floors, and S" 
all necessary Fittings, 



etc 




CCTORIA ST., LONDON, E.G. 

ANDEKSON, ABBOTT, & ANDEKSON. 



Advertisement. 



BLOCK T. STAND 464. 

W. WATSON & SONS, 

308, HIGH HOLBORN, LONDON. 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

HIGHEST GLASS FISHING-RODS, REELS & TACKLE. 

Choicest Specimens of Artificial Bait, Lines, Nets, etc. 

SALMON AND TKQTJT FLIES 

(WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.) 

SPLIT CANE RODS. 

First Quality, wonderfully Powerful, beautifully Light. No 
Angler can appreciate their worth till he has used one. No other 
Rods compare. All Lengths in Stock. 

18 ft. Salmon Rods 15 15 

10ft. Trout .. 5 10 

Second Quality, similar Bods, at Lower Rates. 

Salmon, Trout, and Pike Rods of warranted excellence, from 1 Is. 

,.**"- SOLE MANUFACTURERS OF 

THE IMPERIAL TROUT ROD. /v/<^/ /, 

Designed and made speciallj for this Exhibition, and Samples on view at our Stand. Should 
be seen by every Angler. For prettiness of pattern, quality of workmanship, utility of design, 
and lowness of price it is unique. 

Sole Agents in Great Britain for the celebrated -Fluted Spoon and other 
Baits made by SKINNER of New York. 

The Largest and Finest Collection of Fishing Tackle in London. 

Complete Outfits for any kind of Fishing, in any part of the World, 
can be selected from our very extensive Stock. 

A DESCRIPTIVE ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE FORWARDED POST-FREE, 2d, 



W, WATSON & SONS, 

308, HIGH HOLBORN, LONDON. 



(ESTABLISHED 1837.) 



CATALOGUE. 



SEA FISHING. 

DIVISION I. [Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery.] See Plan, p. 8. 
Gear of every description and of all nations used in trawl, herring 
long line, hand line, and every other mode or system of fishing, 
including all nets, lines, hooks, harpoons, tackle, &c., employed in 
the same. 

The rotation numbers commence on the left hand at the main entrance to the British Deep 
Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

1. DAVIS, FREDERICK, 5 Wentworth. Terrace, Forest Road, Not- 
tingham. Platted Herring Fishing Net made by machinery. 

2. KNOWLES & KNOWLES, Zebu Works, Soutlicoates, Hull. (1) 
Improved Trawl Net, for beam 50 ft. long. (2) Collection of Trawl Nets. (3) Collection of 
Nets for Fish Drying, Bark and Tan, &c. (4) Show Cases of Netting, Twines and Sundries. 
(5) Herring Net Lines, Lead and Long Lines, and Sundries. (6) Trawl Net and Gear com- 
plete, for North Sea Trawler, Beam, and Iron Heads. (7) Collection of Coal and Ice Bags and 
Ice Matting, &c. (8) Portable Boat. 

3. DE CAUX, JOHN WILLIAM, Great Yarmouth. (1) Patent 
Trawling Apparatus for Smacks and Yachts, Trawl-wheels, Funnel-nets to prevent the escape 
of mature fishes, Boiler Ground-ropes, and Cod-ends, with the meshes kept widely open to allow 
immature fishes and refuse to escape therefrom. Also the apparatus by which, at pleasure, the 
net can be disconnected from the trawl-beam at the bottom of the sea, and shut up and brought 
to the surface separately from the trawl-beam. (2) Patent Crab and Lobster Trap, to permit 
the egress only of small crustaceans which it is illegal to catch. This trap can be opened and 
cleared without trouble or danger. 

4. FOLKESTONE, MAYOR OP. Folkestone CoUection of Fishing 
Nets and Lines, Trawl Net and Gear, Mackerel, Sprat, and Prawn Nets, Lobster Pots. 

5. "WILLESDEN" WATERPROOF PAPER AND CANVAS 
Company, Limited, Willesden Works, Willesdeu Junction, London, N.W. Samples of "Wil- 
lesden " Hot-Proof Nets, Canvas, Hopes, Netting, Salmon Nets, Landing Nets, Canvas Bags, 
Anglers' Apparel, &c., &c., treated by the " Willesden " Waterproofing Process. 

6. MORRIS, C. W., Harbour View, Lowestoft. (1) Trawl Net, as used 
for longshore fishing. (2) Trawl Net, with improved cod end to allow immature fish to escape, 
(3) Midsummer Herring Net, for longshore fishing. (4) Autumn Herring Net, for longshore 
fishing. (5) Sprat Net, for longshore fishing. (6) Fleet of Cod Lines, for longshore fishing, 
in Baskets ready for Baiting, with Dans, Dantows, and Anchors complete. (7) Draw Net, as 
used on the East Coast of England. (8) Simple Machine, for making Norsels or Snoods of any 
length. (9) Model of Set Sprat Net for longshore fishing. (10) Model of a Boat, used as a 
Shrimp and Stow Boat, with permanent ballast, as used where there is a harbour, with two 
shrimp trawls, and small bow net in centre, which is continually hauled so as to ascertain 
whether there are shrimps on the ground being passed over; in the event of the^ ground being 
void of shrimps the larger nets are hauled and the ground retraced. Scale 1 in. to the foot. 
(11) Model of Shrimp Boat, as used where there is no harbour, and have to be worked from the 
beach, ballast dischargeable when coming ashore. Scale 1 in. to the foot. (12) Dinghy, full 
size, fitted with Morris's Patent Revolving Eowlocks and Sliding Tholes, for life-saving and 
general purposes. These when once fastened to the boat cannot be lost or removed, and are 



SLER, 



100 Oxford St. 

LONDON, W. 



CRYSTAL GLASS & CHINA. 

China Dinner, Dessert, Tea & Breakfast Servii. 

Glass Dinner and Dessert Service*. 

Lamps, Vases, Flower Stands, Table Decoration, 

Wall Lights & Chandeliers in Glass & Brass. 

SOLE AGENTS FOR THE 
VENICE AND MURANO GLASS COMPANY. 



Britain Division I. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 



SEA 



T 


H 




PRINTING 
OFFICE 1 Q 


iisl'ml " :( lii-flzi 


L ii-|n+ is 1 4 i * 



B R I T IIS H 




easily shipped and unshipped night or day, being therefore invaluable in cases of wrecks or 
collisions. (13) Trunk Net (a hand-net used for catching crabs and lobsters), baited ready 
for use, used in a fleet of about one to two score by longshore fishermen. (14) Shrimp Trawl. 
(15) Improved Roller Bow Shrimp Net. (16) Bow Shrimp Net (present style). (17) Eel 
"Pot, for use in salt water. 

7. DYNE & EVENS, York Eoad, Limetionse, London, E. (1) Samples 
of Blocks for Rope Strop : Internal Iron Stropped : External Iron Stropped : Wire Stropped : 
Rope Stropped. (2) Samples of Patent and other Sheaves and Bushes : Iron Blocks and 
Bindings : Steering Wheels : Signal-Gun Carriages : Capstan Bars, Handspikes and Oars : 
Mast Hoops : Bulls' Eyes, Dead Eyes : Mallets, Pump-boxes, Trucks : Brewers' Patent " Her- 
culean" Blocks and "Iris" Sheaves : Shackles, Hooks, Thimbles and General Shipping Tackle. 

8. BERNEY, GEORGE DUCKETT, Morton Hall, Norwich. (1) First 
and original Harpoon Gun used for Whales. Invented and used by Capt. Manby, R.N. (2) 
Thomas Trench Berncy's Spring for Punt Guns applicable also to Harpoon Guns. (3) Sicilian 
Hand Harpoon. (4) Ditto, with handle and line. 

9. HENRY, ALEXANDER, Gun and Kifle Manufacturer, 12 South 
Saint Andrew Street, Edinburgh, and 118 Pall Mall, London. (1) Patent Breech-loading 
Hnrpoon Gun. (2) Harpoon, with jointed flukes. (3) Muzzle-loading Harpoon Gun. (4) 
Harpoon, with fixed flukes. (5) Patent Breech-loading Bomb Lance Gun. (6) Bomb Lance 
(empty). (7) Two Patent B. L. Sealing Rifles. (8) One ditto, highly finished. (9) One 
ditto, with self-cocking action. (10) Two Double-barreled Henry B. L. Express Rifles (one 
in case). (11) Two Double C. F. Guns (one in case). 

10. FOWLER, WILLIAM, Whale Fishing Implement Maker, Rose 
Street, Peterhead. (1) Harpoon Gun. (2) Three Harpoons, different styles. (3) Piece of 
Whale Line. (4) Gun Lance. 

11. MATHESON, MURDO, Scornie, N.B. (1) Long Line, complete. 
2) Lobster and Crab Pot. 



LLE^JDlSrST JP A.JPJEJR 

Waterproof Rot-proof Weatherproof. 



" 



Now. The Roofa and Buildings, FISHERIES EXHIBITION, made of " WILLESDEN" * PAPER, 
were fitted *p by order of the Council in the beginning of the year, and have consequently been 
exposed to all the wet and tevere weather of the early Spring. Also Decorated Lining of 
Grand Entrance Hall. 

" WWesden " Canvas, Scryia. Fishing Nets and Cordage. Rot-proof and^ater-rqpellent 
See Catalogue Entries : 

No. 5. Division 1. BRITISH SECTION, 



Great Britain Division I. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 



S H E R 1-iE 8 



AS 





SAVING APP/i 








SHIPWRECK^^ r- 


UJ 

t 


: ^ToARD OF TRADE 






L .,.,., t, . E"f f 


o 




| 















DINING 
S A L O O N 



LUNCH, DINNERS 
and TEAS 





WILSON BENNISON. SURVEYOR TO EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

12. OSBORNE, CHARLES & CO., 12 & 13 Whittall Street, Birming- 
ham, and 3 Broad Street Buildings, Liverpool Street, London. Harpoon Gun and Harpoon 
for same. 

13. ALEXANDER & CO., 190 Westminster Bridge Road, London, S.E. 

The " Bezer Thomas " Patent Self-Acting Releasing Hook for discharging cargo, and hoisting 
purposes generally. The "Bezer Thomas" Patent Slip-Hook for Towing purposes, Boat 
releasing, &c. The " Bezer Thomas" Patent Slip-Link for the harness of fish carts and vans. 
These Patent Slip-Hooks are designed as a substitute for the ordinary tackle hook, and possess 
the advantages that they form an automatically " Moused " hook When in use, which can be 
released under strain without danger or difficulty. 

14. GRIMSBY, COMMITTEE FOR. Nets, showing process of manu- 
facture. 

I4. MCINTOSH, HAROLD BLYTH, 98 Kent Street, Great Grimsby. 
One Patent Main Sheet Chock, with Eubber Springs and Photograph of same. 

I4&. PALMER, ENOCH, Cleethorpes Road, Grimsby. Medicine Chest, 
adapted for Fishing Smacks. 

140. DUKE, JAMES, Bethlehem Street, Grimsby. (1) Two Plans of 

Steam Fishing, Trawling, and Carrying Vessels. (2) Two Improved Smacks' Cooking Stoves, 
with Utensils for ditto for Cooking, in tinned and patent enamelled ware. (3) Two Anglo- 
American Stoves, specially adapted for cooking fish. (4) Two Cabin Heating Stoves for cod 
fishing vessels. (5) Six Fish and Ice Weighing Machines. (6) Three Patent Folding Seats, 
suitable for smacks and yachts where space is limited. (7) One Improved Continuous Blast 
Fog Horn. (8) Six Aquariums, suitable for fresh and salt water fish. (9) One Show Case, 
with complete sets of Lamps. (10) One Show Case, with brass fittings, for smacks, engines, 
and general purposes. (11) One electric Call and Signal Bell, adapted for smacks, lighthouses, 



TME 




ROYAL 



FISHING & YACHTING BOOTS FOR LADIES, 

AS HADE EXPRESSLY FOR BEK MAJESTY THE QVEElf. 

AMRSOH, ABBOTT, & ANDERSOH, 37, Queen Victoria Street, E.C. 



10 Great Britain Division I. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

&c. (12) Three Rapid Water Filters. (13) One Refrigerating Apparatus for fishing vessels. 
(14) Ditto for general purposes. 

14^. BYGRAVE, JOHN, Fish Dock Eoad, Great Grimsby. Collection 
of Sea Boots, Dock Boots and Shoes as largely used -by North Sea fishermen. 

140. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY, 
Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby. (1) Trawl Net, Beam and Heads complete. (2) Long 
Lines of all descriptions. (3) Hand Lines. (4) All kinds of Hooks employed in the Grimsby 
Cod Fishery. (5) Hooks and Snoods. (6) All Kinds of Snoods. 

I4/. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY, 
Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby. Set of Whelk Pots with Gear. 

14^7. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY, 
Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby. (1) Set of Trawl Warps. (2) Set of Bridles. (3) 
Small Warp. (4) Hauling Line. (5) Collection of White Manila Rope. (6) Collection of 
Hemp Rope. (7) Collection of Bolt Rope. (8) Collection of Coir Rope. (9) Collection of 
Wire Rope. (10) Buoy Lines. .(11) Log Lines. (12) Lead Lines. (13) Collection of all 
kinds of Manila and Hemp Twine. (14) A Large Assortment of Canvas and Twine as used 
by the Fishing Vessels. 

14^. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY, 

Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby. (1) Side, Masthead and Anchor Lights, Buoy and 
Deck Lanterns, Cabin Lamps, Vanes, &c. (2) Compasses, Logs, Clocks, Binoculars, &c. (3) 
Cooking Apparatus, specially adapted to fishing vessels and in general use at Grimsby. (4) 
All kinds of Cooking Utensils used in the Grimsby fishery. (5) Mechanical and Hand Fog 
Horns. (6) All kinds of Knives used by fishermen. (7) The more approved Antifouling 
Compositions for Fishing Vessels. (8) Various Colours of Paint and Varnish, specially adapted 
for the use of fishing crafts, Oils, &c. 

14^. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY;, 
Limited, Fish Docks, Great Grimsby. (1) Nets in various Stages of Manufacture. For this 
purpose we shall have several of our factory hands employed in the Exhibition Building. 
(2) Snood Making. We shall also have one of our boys employed in this business. 

I4&. ALWARD, GEO. L., & ESKRIETT, J. & C., Fish Docks, Grimsby. 
Complete Model of Sailing Trawler and Gear, best adapted for North Sea fishing, with all latest 
improvements and appliances, including steam and hand capstan, ice machine, patent 
oscillating mainsheet buffer, built 1 inch to foot, and complete in every detail. 

15. HEARDER & SON, 195 Union Street, Plymouth. (1) Case of 
Artificial Spinners, Sand Eels, Soleskin Baits, and samples of Artificial Flies, Gimp, Gut 
Traces and Lines, used in Sea Fishing. Invented and manufactured by Exhibitor. (2) 
Mounted Lines for Whiting, Cod, Conger, Hake, and all bottom fish. (3) Mounted Lines for 
Pollock, Mackerel, Bass, Lythe, Billet, and all surface fish. (4) Long Line with Hearder's 
latest Improved Kevolving Head Link and Detachable Snoods. (5) Floating Trots and 
Spillers. (6) Hearder's Patent Otter Trawl (Model). (7) Hearder's Gunwale Winch for 
winding in deep-sea lines. (8) Net, collapsing, Crab, Lobster, Conger, Eel, and Prawn Pots : 
ditto in wicker and wire. (9) Oyster Dredges, and Naturalist's, ditto, Sieves and Swabs. 
(10) Mounted Nets for Pool Prawns, Strand Shrimp Nets, Dip Nets, Baited Prawn and 
Whitebait Nets, Landing ditto. (11) Prawn Dredge for shallow water. (12) Various con- 
trivances for sea fishing, invented by Exhibitors. 

16. EDINBURGH ROPERIE AND SAILCLOTH CO., esta- 
blished 1750, Bath Street, Leith, and Dennistown Kopework, Glasgow, per James Pringle, 
Managing Partner. (Trawl Gear Store for North Sea Fisheries, 52 Queen Street, Hull.) 
(1) Manila Trawl Warps, Bridles, Dandies, Small Warps, Hauling Lines, and Running 
Gear. Fine Yarn Rigging Hanyards and Ratlines. Improved Herring Net Warps in Hemp 
and in Manila. Canal Horse Lines, Whale Lines, Fishing Lines, and Twines. (2) Sailcloth, 
Storm extra, Star extra, Castle, and Atlas. 

17. BO YES, WILLIAM, Cooper, &c., 28 High Street, Peckham, 
London, S.E. (1) Set of Bowls, &c., Sizes 8J X 12, 9 X 13, 10 X 14 inches, and Coopers' 
Work, as used on board Boats and Smacks in Fishing. 



ENGINEERS AND IRONFOUNDERS, 

MAKERS OF FISHING MS AND TWBE- MAKING MACHINERY, 



GROVE IRON WORKS, 

13OK-SET, ElYGrH. AIVD. 



Great Britain Division I, Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 11 

18. LACEY, LINCH, & SON, Custom House Station, Victoria Docks, 
and 4 Goulden Street, Battersea, London. (1) Blocks fitted with non-setable Sheaves, which 
are also suitable for blocks of all kinds, viz., Fishermen's Trawl Blocks, Snatch Blocks, &o. 
(2) Pole-end Slips for releasing tugs, &c. ; cannot get out of order, strong and serviceable, no 
springs, cheapest and best to be had. 

19. PATERSON, WILLIAM, 5 High Shore, Macduff, N.B. Collec- 
tion of Long Line Gear, complete. 

20. BROOKS, C. & R., 10 Edgcumbe Street, Stonehouse, Plymouth. 
Handlines, Long Lines, and Artificial Sea Baits, &c. The Handlines and Long Lines are for 
the use of Yachtsmen, with railing, Lines for Mackerel, and Horsehair Drift Lines for Bass. 
Together with all kinds of Light Gear for Boatfishing. 

21. TARRY MILL COMPANY, per John Muckart, Tarry Mill, by 
Arbroath, N.B. Collection of Long Lines, Handlines, and Snooding. Collection of Long 
Line Gear complete. 

22. MURRAY, ALEXANDER, Fisherman, Lossiemouth, Morayshire 
Basket for containing baited fishing line. 

23. ROSS, JOHN, JUN., Muchalls, near Stonehaven. Fishing Lines, as 
used by the fishermen on the " Finnan Coast " of Kincardineshire. 

23. BARTLEET, B. C., Kamsgate. Samples of Manila and Hemp Twine. 

24. STRACHAN, WILLIAM, 29 Main Street, Inverallochy, Aberdeen- 
shire, N.B. Handline with flies for Sea fishing, Herrings, &c. 

25. EDINBURGH, H.R.H. THE DUKE OF, K.G. (1) One Net 

Trammel, Silk, 60 yards. (2) One Net Trammel, Twine, 85 yards. (3) Horsehair Fishing 
Lines. 

26. HOUNSELL, HERBERT E., Limited, Pelican Twine and Net 
Works, Bridport, Dorset. (1) Patterns of Fishing Lines and Twines. (2) Patterns of Netting 
and whole Nets complete, for Sea Fishing. (3) Models of Fish Traps. 

27. ROUTLEDGE, W., & SON, 219 Gallowgate, Aberdeen. General 
assortment of Fishing Gear. All hand-made. 

28. HOUNSELL, WILLIAM, & CO., North Mills, Bridport. Nets, 
Lines, and Twines for Sea Fishing. 

29. BUIK, J. H., & CO., South Eope Works, Wick. Herring Nets and 
Fishing Lines. 

30. JONES, W., 10 Eastbro, Scarborough. (1) Case of Sea Fishing 
Tackle, Rods, Reels, Lines, Hooks, Baits, &c., &c. Special Sea Rod, with Improved Wheel 
Tops. (2) Case of Fitting for Herring Nets and Boats, Nozzles, Head Seam, Net Rope, 
Lashings and Barrel Strops, Lead Lines, &c. (3) Case of Twines for Trawl and other Nets, 
with Lead Lines, &c., &c. (4) Model Blocks, Dead Eyes, Trucks, &c. (5) Cases of Lines 
used in Deep Sea Fishing, Cod Lines, Haddock, Sole and Whiting Lines, with Hooks, &c., 
complete. Also Hand Lines and Hooks, complete. (6) Model of an improved Trawl Net," 
showing how the Net will allow small and immature fish to escape, also refuse. (7) Model of 
an improved Herring Net. 

31. MACKAY, ANDREW, 8 Crook o' Ness Street, Macduff, N.B. One 
Herring Net, complete, ready for sea. 

32. CORNWALL COUNTY COMMITTEE. Nets, Lines, Lobster 
Pots, and Gear of every description. (For details see page 126.) 

33. IRVING, WILLIAM, Loch Fishery, Annan, N.B. Model of Stake Net. 

34. READ, GEORGE, Byrom House, St. Patrick's Eoad, Deal, Kent. 
(1) Trawl Net, Stow Net, Trawl Shrimp Net, to allow immature fish and refuse to escape 
therefrom, by a very simple and inexpensive method. With improved gear for boarding the 
Stow Net and Shrimp Net. (2) Model of a Sailing Trawler. (3) Self-acting Helm Signals 
(awarded 200 by Admiralty). (4) Diagrams, framed and glazed, to illustrate signals for 

Valuable Companion lor eiery Visitor to the Fisheries iixniDiuon, 

IN MONTHLY PARTS, Price 7D., 

THE FISHERIES OF THE WORLD, 

Being an Illustrated and Descriptive Record of the International Fisheries Exhibition. 
V Prospectuses at all Booksellers', post-free from the Publishers. 

CASSELL AND COMPANY, Limited, Ludgate Hill, London. 



12 Great Britain. Division I. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

ships, tidal harbours, pierheads and dockheads. (5) Flash Lights for Fishermen to com- 
municate their wants on shore or afloat to Steam Carriers, &c. (6) Signalling by day and 
night for fishing fleets and vessels. 

35. FINDLAY, GEORGE, Whitehills, Banff, Scotland. (1) Herring 
Net hung according to rule, so that every mesh is a uniform square (with plan). (2) Long- 
Line for Haddock Fishing. (3) Lobster and Crab Pot, allowing the undersized to escape. 

36. FLETT, JAMES, Queen Street, Branderburgh, Morayshire. Herring 
Net, trimmed. 

37. WILSON, HENRY, 32 Southside Street, Plymouth. (1) Two sets 
of Td. Manilla Bridles. (2) Td. Manilla Dandy Span. (3) Td. Manilla Net Warp. (4) 
Td. Russian Net Warp. (5) Set of Trawl Twine. (6) One Td. Manilla Trawl Rhode, large 
yarn, hard laid as used in the West of England. (7) One Td. Manilla Trawl Rhode, finer 
yarn. (8) Td. Manilla Rope. (9) Wh. Manilla Cordage. (10) Two Coils Wh. Manilla 
Cordage (fine). (11) Td. Russian Cordage (fine). (12) Bolt Rope. (13) Td. Russian Rope. 

38. SHEPHERD, H. C. W., Hull House, Eaglan Street, Lowestoft. (1) 
Model Deep-Sea Trawl Net, with beam and heads complete, with Apparatus to denote when 
Net has turned over. (2) Model Boat for carrying fish from catcher to carrier. 

39. BROOKS, H. P., 60 South Quay, Great Yarmouth. Quarter-size 
Model of a Yarmouth Trawler's Gear, consisting of Beam, Heads (registered specialty), Net, 
Trawl -warp and Bridles, suitable size for a small yacht. 

39. CRAGG, J. S., Net Manufacturer, Lowestoft. (1) Collection of 
Mackerel Nets, complete. (2) Collection of Herring Nets, complete. (3) Collection of Sprat 
Nets, complete. (4) Drift Salmon Net, complete. (5) Brat or Turbot Net, complete. (6) 
Tramel Nets, complete. (7) Bowls and Buoys for Surface Drift Fishing. (8) Collection of 
Cotton, .Linen, and Hemp Twines. (9) Collection of Nets in all states of manufacture. 

40. SCHREIBER, CARL G. VON, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft. 
(1) Model and Drawing of an Improved Trawl-net, capable of allowing immature fish and 
refuse to escape therefrom ; together with a piece out of the cod end of a full-sized Trawl 
Net, showing the practicability of fitting up Old Nets with means of escape for immature 
fish and refuse, without going to the expense of having entirely new cod ends made for that 
purpose. (2) Plan of proposed British Canal across the Isthmus of Suez, from Pelusium 
Gulf to the Red Sea in a direct line, terminating either above or below the wells on the eastern 
shores of the Red Sea. 

41. BEESON, WILLIAM L., 78 Sterling Street, New Glee, Grimsby. 
Model of Deep Sea Trawling Gear on an improved scale. 

42. THOMPSON, PETER, 9 High Shore, Macduff, N.B. (1) Collection 
of Long Line Gear Complete. (2) Model of Drifter for Herring Fisheries. 

43. DAVIDSON, GEORGE & WILLIAM, 18 Eegent Quay, Aberdeen. 
(1) Model White Fishing Beam Trawl Net. (2) Samples of Net Twines made of Hemp, 
Cotton, and Flax. (3) Samples of Fishing Lines. (4) Cordage for Nets. 

44. SPEEDIE, ALEXANDER. Salmon Net. 

45. RICHARDSON & FLETCHER, 5 Beresford Place, Dublin. (1) 
Herring-net Floats for Scotch Fishery. (2) Herring-net Floats for Irish Fishery. (3) 
Mackerel-net Floats. (4) Pilchard-net Floats. (5) Salmon-net Floats. (6) Hake-net Floats. 
(7) Floats chemically prepared to resist the action of the water. (8) Corkwood as raw 
material for Floats. 

46. PATERSON, ANDREW, 6 High Shore, Macduff, N.B. (1) Mackerel 
Line, complete. (2) " Murderer " for catching Codfish. (3) Hand Trap for catching Crabs 
and Lobsters at foot of rocks. 

46. PATERSON, ALEXANDER, 8 High Shore, Macduff, N.B. Hand- 
line Gear, complete. 

47. LESLIE, JOHN, Ropeworks, Macduff. Collection of Long Lines, 
Hand Lines, and Snooding. 

KNOWLES AND KNOWLES, 

HULL. 

Awarded Six Prize Medals and Special Prizes 

FOR 

A1VD TRAVEL, IVETS. 



Great Britain. Division I. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 13 

48. THOMPSON, HARTLEY, Girvan, Ayrshire. (1) Brat Net. (2) 
Whiting Line. 

49. HEMMING, T., & SON, Windsor Mills, Redditch. Lines, Hooks, &c. 

50. ARNOLD, JOHN WILLIAM, 9 Park Street, Deal. (1) Mackerel 
Net. (2) Herring Net. (3) Sprat Net. (4) Trammel Net. (5) Hand Line for Whiting 
Fishing. (6) Lug Fork as used in this locality for digging large Lugworms used as a favourite 
Bait for Whiting. Pouting, Codfish, &c. (7) Cockle Kake used by the small boys in gathering 
Cockles, Clams, &c., at low water time in this neighbourhood. 

51. JONES, JOHN, Queen Street, Filey, Yorks. (1) Sample Balls of 
Head Seam for Herring Nets, in Russian Hemp, Manila, and Cotton. (2) Nozzles for Herring 
Nets, in Manila and Cotton, (3) Lead Lines. Lead and Log Lines. (4) Hand-spun Cod 
Lines. (5) Smaller size for Haddock. (6) Line for Sole Catching by Hooks, (7) Tow or 
Mooring for Lines. (8) Samples of Snooding for the above Lines in Hemp and Cotton. (9) 
Hand Lines. (10) Sample Coils of Rope for Herring Nets. (11) Sample Coils of Rope for 
Net Lashings and Strops. (12) Manila and other Twines for Crab and Lobster Pots. (13) 
A Lobster and Crab Pot complete. 

52. FORDYCE, JOHN, Gardenstown, Banffshire. One Greatline placed 
in a basket about 24 in. diameter, and from 12 to 18 in. deep. The Hooks and Strings 
placed in the basket in the same position as that adopted by the fishermen on the North-East 
Coast of Scotland in the capture of Cod and Ling. 

53. LINTON, ANDREW, 87 High Street, Edinburgh. Cork Net Floats 
for all fishing purposes. 

54. STUART-WORTLEY, COLONEL, Kosslyn House, Grove End 
Road, and Patent Museum, South Kensington. Various Fish Hooks, Spears, and Floats, from 
the islands in the Pacific Ocean. Brought home by Exhibitor, who has had most of them 
in use. 

55. BUCHANAN, JAMES, 58 to 62 Dale Street, Tradeston, Glasgow. 

(1) Sea Fish Hooks for Home and Foreign use ; also, as agent for S. Laycock & Son, Sheffield. 

(2) Long Dressed Hair for Fishing purposes. 

56. STEEDMAN & McALLISTER, Cathcart Street, Glasgow. (1) A 
Number of Fishing Floats for Long Lines, &c. (2) Cork Fenders for Fishing Boats in Hemp. 

(3) Cork Fenders for Fishing Boats in Manila Rope. (4) Cork Fenders for Fishing Boats in 
Coir Rope. 

57. SHARP & MURRAY, Cellardyke, Fifeshire. (1) Collection of 
Herring Nets, complete, as used on the British Coast. (2) Collection of Bowls, Buoys, and 
Bladders, for Drift or Surface Fishing. (3) Collection of Deep-Sea Fishing Gear, complete for 
Cod, Ling, Halibut, Haddock, &c., with Sculls and Maunds used for same. (4) Collection ot 
Hand Line Gear, complete. (5) Crab and Lobster Pot. 

58. JONES, CAPTAIN A. J., 2, Sandown Terrace, Chester. (1) Two 
Coracle Nets. (2) Trammel Nets. (3) Mussel Dredge. (4) Two Coracles. (5) Model of 
Dee Fishing Boat. 

58. LEE, HENRY, Margate. (1) Eskimo Click-hook for taking fish. 
(2) Eskimo Bait for Seals. (3) Tonga Island Fish-hooks and Spinning-baits. 

586 (late 153). WHETHAM, S., & SON, 40 Gracechurch Street, London, 
E.C., and Bridport, Dorset. (1) Extra Fiax Double, Half Bleached Double, and Double 
Canvas. (2) Patent Seaming and Roping Twines. (3) Salmon, Seine, Codnet, and 
Trawl Twines. (4) Cotton Herring and Mackerel Nets for English, Irish, Norwegian 
and other Coasts. (5) Cotton and Hemp Salmon Nets. (6) Cotton and Hemp Sprat Nets. 
(7) Mullet, Smelt, Whitebait and Shrimp Nets. (8) Mackerel and Cod Lines, Snoods and 
Nossels. (9) Shuttle, Barrel, and Round Corks. (10) Corks for Lance, Caplin and Cod 
Seines. (11) Dressed Flax and Hemp. (12) Herring and Mackerel Nets, tanned and fitted 
ready for use. 

EWENS AND TURNER, 



MANUFACTURERS OF 

Hemp and Cotton Fishing Nets; 
Cod, Caplin and Herring Seines, Fishing Lines, Twines, etc. 



14 Great Britain Division II. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

58c. GERHARD HAAS, Cleve, Germany (Messrs. Chas. Atkins and 
Nisbet, 1 Water Lane, Gt. Tower Street, E.G., Agents). Awarded Prizes, Greifswald, Linz 
(Austria) ; Cleve, Gold Medal. (1) One Packet Treble-threaded Yarn for winter salmon nets. 
(2) One Packet Treble-threaded Yarn for summer nets. (3) One Packet Double-threaded 
Yam for drawing nets. (4) One Packet, ditto, ditto. (5) Three Rods (Leinen) for salmon 
nets, middle net and two side nets, for a salmon driving net. (6) One Packet Rough Hemp, 
used for making the yarns. (7) One Packet, Improved Hemp, used for making the yarns. x All 
articles are hand-made. 

DIVISION II. [Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. .] See Plan, p. 8. 

Oyster dredges, crab, lobster, prawn, &c. pots, and other ap- 
pliances for catching fish of this description. 

59. SOFTLEY, R. T., Central Works, King Street, Great Yarmouth. 
Improved folding Crab and Lobster Trap. 

60. THOMPSON, HARTLEY, Oirvan, Ayrshire. (1) Crab Pot. 
(2) Lobster Pot. 

61. PLUMMER, LEWIS, Mast Yard, Sandside, Scarborough. An 
improved Crab or Lobster Pot, made so as to allow small or undersized crabs to escape, and 
can be haited from either top or bottom, and requires no weight to sink it. 

62. LEVACK, DONALD, Aukengill, by Wick, Caithness, N.B. One 
Lobster Pot. 

63. DAMON, ROBERT, 4 Pultney, Weymouth. Improved dredge for 
Mollusca, &c. 

64. HOGAR.TH, RONALD, Winton Circus, Saltcoats, Ayrshire. Lobster 
Pot and Fishing Line. 

65. ASCROPT, ROBERT LAMB, 17 Barratt Street, Southport. (1) 
Hand Shrimp Net. (2) Shank Net or Shrimp Net, to be usedjrom a boat. (3) Model Shrimp- 
ing Boat, showing how four shrimp nets are "worked. 

66. HURD, RICHARD, 6 York Buildings, Eastbourne, Sussex. 
Prawn Nets. 

67. RITCHIE, WILLIAM, 9 Mid Street, Rosehearty, Aberdeenshire. 
Lohster Pot, made by Exhibitor. 

68. SAUNDERS, GEORGE, Fisherman, Selsey, Chichester. (1) An 
improved Lobster Pot, so constructed as to permit the small lobsters to escape. (2) An 
improved Prawn Pot. The above articles are constructed partly of willow, and partly of gal- 
vanised wire, and are specimens of pots which have been actually used hy Exhibitor. 

69. PERRIN, CHARLES, Selsey, near Chichester, Sussex. Withy 
Prawn Pots. 

70. PATERSON, GEORGE, 4 Market Street, Macduff, N.B. Crab or 
Lobster Pot, model, new design. 

71. KING, GEORGE HOADLEY, Sea-Horse House, 165 Great Portland 
Street, London. (1) A Folding Dredge. (2) A portable folding Washing Tray for the use of 
gentlemen dredging. (3) A set of Sieves, two Pinna Shells, and a set of Corals dredged up in 
Weymouth Bay, and Mediterranean Coral (Carofila verocosa). 

72. IDE, WILLIAM, Fisherman, Bognor, Sussex. Lobster Pots. 

73. THOMAS, J. J., & CO., 87 Queen Victoria Street; 285 & 362 
Edgware Road, London, W. (1) Galvanized Wire Lobster and Crab Pots, so made as to 
allow of the ready escape of all undersized Lobsters and Crabs. (2) Galvanized Wire Prawn 
Pots. (3) Eel Traps, galvanized wire. 

74. THOMSON, WILLIAM, 8 Lowshore, Macduff, N.B. Crab and 
Lobster Pot or Creel. 

75. WATT, CHARLES, JUN., Pennan, Fraserburgh, N.B. (1) Lobster 
Pot or Trap. 

The Best and Cheapest. First Established 1825. 



NEAVE S 
FOOD 



FOR 



N F A N T S 



NVALIDS. 



IN ONE -POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
SOLD EVERYWHERE. WHOLESALE OF THE MANUFACTURERS, 

JT. .It. WEAVE fc Co., FoF^AiglKridg-e, England. 



Great Britain Division III. Deep Sea FisJteries Gallery. 15 

76. SCHREIBER, CARL G. VON, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft. 
(1) Lobster and Crab Pot, permitting the escape of those undersized. (2) Model of a Life- 
saving apparatus and Sea-Chest. 

77. MANN, T. J., Bishops Stortford. Lobster and Crab Gauges. 

77. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY. 
(For details see No. 14/, p. 10.) 

WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. Oyster Dredge. See 
No. 774, West Arcade. 

DIVISION III. [Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery.} See Plan, p. 8. 
Steam fishing vessels and steam carriers. 

78. LARKIN, SAMUEL, 12 Billingsgate Market, London. Model of 
Screw Trawler and Carrier. 

79. SIMS & TOOZES, 10 Park Street, Hull. (1) Full Model of a Deep 
Sea Trawler, 85 tons with Trawl complete, and fitted with Steam Capstan in working order. 
(2) Models and Drawings of Steam Fishing Vessels and Carriers under 5 HP. (3) Full 
Model of a Steam Screw Trawler and Carrier. 

80. BEAVOR-WEBB, J. (N. A.), K. T. Y. C., 7 Albemarle Street, London, 
W. (1) Model of Steam Trawler, 95 ft. L. W. L. (2) Model of Steam Carrier, 120 ft. 
L. W. L. (3) Model of Herring Boat. 

81. HAWTHORNS & CO., Leith, N.B. (1) Case containing Models. 
(2) Half Model of Iron Screw Trawlers, length 92 ft., breadth 18 ft., depth 9 ft., for the 
General Steam Fishing Company. (3) Half Model of Iron Screw Steamer for carrying cured 
herrings in barrels, length 82| ft., breadth 18 ft., depth 9* ft. (4) Half Model (Iron) of Screw Tug, 
length 70 ft., breadth 15 ft., depth 85 ft. All fitted with compound surface condensing Engines. 

Sia. WARD, T. WILSON, St. Margaret's College, Lowestoft. Model of a 
fast-sailing Steam Yacht which might be used as Dispatch Boat between Fishing Fleets and 
the Ports. 

82. BRITANNIA STEAM SHIPPING COMPANY, Limited, John 
Wyvill, Manager, 4 Princess Terrace, Scarborough. Model and Half-model of a Steam Trawler. 

83. BROWN, ALFRED H., A.I.N.A., Naval Architect, ^Waterloo Place, 
Pall Mall, London, S.W. Half Model of Steam Trawler and Carrier, combined on Back 
Board. Also Lines of the same, in frame, glazed. 

830. FLEMING, JAMES, 10 Grant Street, Inverness, N.B. Model 
of Steam Ship. 

84. JONES, E. PERCY S., Bother Iron Works Company, Limited, Eye, 
Sussex. Model of Steam Trawler. 

840. GEARING, ARTHUR, 12 Werrington Street, N.W. Working 
Model of Steam Trawler. 

85. METAXA, COUNT AND COUNTESS, 9 Norwood Terrace, 
Southsea. (1) Model of Steam Trawler, fitted by G. S. Wells, L.K.C.S. (2) Specimen of a 
Life-saving Waistcoat for Fishermen : invented by the Count Metaxa. (3) Model of old 
English Sailing Frigate mounted on Shells. 

85^. BALL, MR., 223 Evering Eoad, Upper Clapton, London. Model of 
a Schooner. 

86. FELLOWS, H., & SON, Great Yarmouth. (1) Half-model of Steam 
Fishing Vessel. (2) Plan of Steam Fishing Vessel. 

86a. BURTON, J., Plymouth. Model of the "Boadicea," Plymouth 
Trawler, with trawl complete. 

87. MARKS, WILLIAM, 6 Highbury Quadrant, Highbury New Park, 
London, N. (1) Steam Fishing Vessel. This, Vessel, owing to its many air-tight revolving 
rollers, is of sufficient buoyancy to admit railway trucks on deck for the convenience of packing 
fish. It also has large reservoirs for preserving the Fish alive. The proposed breadth is 

Elastic Stockings, Knee Caps, &c., give great 

support in cases of Weakness, 
Varicose Veins, and 
Sprains. 




for the Head and Spine. 
Waterproof Bed Sheeting, Travelling 
Conveniences, Syringes, Accouchement Sheets, Belts, and Braces, 



16 Great Britain Division III. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

100 ft. and length 200 ft. (2) Steam Life-boat. Constructed not only to save life, but from 
its great buoyancy (obtained by the many revolving air-tight rollers acting as propellers), will 
help to support a ship from sinking and tow same into port. The Life -boat contains largo 
space for salvage, &c., also when at anchor could serve as a revolving lightship. 

88. SWINBURNE, THOMAS A., Eilan-Shona, Salen, Ardgour, N.B. 

(1) Model of Fishing Lugger, with Auxiliary Screw, adapted for Drift-Net, Long Line or 
Trawl; Masts to lower: Balance Lugs; Capstan and Windlass to be worked by Steam. 

(2) Model of Improved Yawl for Line or Drift-Net Fishing, Masts to lower ; Balance Lugs, 
Light Draught, with Centre Board. (3) Model of Fishing Boat for East Coast, Scotland, 
Improved Rig, Balance Lugs. (4) Model of Improved Mule Coble for Herring Fishery, 
Cleaver Centre board, Triangular Balance Lug. (5) Model of Boat, with Lug Sail to dip 
without lowering. (6) Model to show method of raising and lowering foremast of lugger, 
reefing mizen mast and locking rudder. (7) Patent Anchors (two brass models). 

89. LONG, JAMES, 12 & 14 Southward Street, London Bridge. Unsink- 
able Metal Steamboat. 

90. ROSS & DUNCAN, Engineers and Shipbuilders, Whitefield Works, 
Govan, Glasgow. (1) Photograph of Engines of Steam Trawler. (A.) This shows the style 
of Engine best suited for vessels of somewhat narrow beam, as the condenser tubes, when they 
are removed, are drawn out in the fore and aft direction. (2) Photograph of Engines of Steam 
Trawler, Improved Type, with Direct-Acting Pumps. (B) These Engines have very few- 
working joints, all the pumps being worked direct. This saves wear and tear and attention. 
Somewhat greater width of beam is required than in the (A) arrangement. (3) Photographs 
of Engines of Steam Trawler, latest type, Duncan's patent, reversing by a valve. (C) These 
Engines are of the greatest possible simplicity, and can be worked without skilled labour. 
Instead of having link motion or other complicated gear, the reversing is done by valve. 
They have only one eccentric instead of four, and fifteen fewer working joints than (A) or (B). 
They are specially adapted for small craft. (4) Duncan's Patent Propeller. The blades of 
these propellers are formed by a combination of curves designed to give great forward thrust. 
They are of special efficiency where there is extra resistance to the motion of the vessel. 

Q0. McLACHLAN, WILLIAM, & CO., 42 East Clyde Street, 
Glasgow. Two Models new Iron Screw Steam Fish Carriers, specially adapted for the trade, 
capable of receiving cargo at sea from six fishing boats at one time, three on each side ; 
exceptionally powerful engines for fast steaming. 

91. GRIFFITHS, ROBERT, 54 Gresham Street, London, E.G. Models 
of sterns of Screw ships, on stand, showing arrangement for protecting the propeller of Screw 
Steam Trawlers, which has been applied to the " Sir Charles Whetham " tug at Milford with 
very satisfactory results, and will be used by the Nationel Fishery Company, and also methods 
of increasing the speed of Screw Carriers. 

9ia. SIDDELL, JOSEPH, Sunderland. Model of Steam Trawler. 

92. JAR VIS, W., Ship and Boat Builder, Anstruther, N.B. Steam 
Trawlers and Fishing Vessels ; also Fishing Vessels other than steam. 

93. ALLAN, D., & CO., Shipbuilders, Granton, near Edinburgh. Col- 
lection of Models of Steam Fishing Vessels, showing models of first successful Fishing Steamers 
in Scotland and in Spain, viz., Model of Mamelena : 1st, Model of Mamelena, 2nd, Mamelena, 
3rd, Gannett and Granton, all adapted for drift net, line-fishing, trawling and carrying, and 
Model which gained the Gold Medal at Edinburgh Fisheries Exhibition in 1882. 

94. BLAKE, A. W. & H. P., Great Yarmouth and Lytton Eoad, 
Leytonstone, London, E. (1) A Half-model of a Steam Screw Trawler, 75 ft. x 19 ft. 
X 11 ft., adapted for the North Sea or other fishing. In designing, the object kept in view 
has been upon minimum dimensions to secure maximum results, among the advantages of a 
small boat we have, 1st. Moderate original cost, 2nd. Adaptability to small harbours, 3rd. Low 
working expenses. (2) Descriptive Drawing of the above, showing Elevation, Deck Plan, 
Plan of Hold, Engines and Boilers, &c. (3) Sail Plan of the above. 

94. BELL, E. Model of Steam Trawler. 

CHAINS, CABLES, ANCHORS, GRAPNELS, HARPOONS, 

AND KVKEY DESCRIPTION OF 

SHIPPING TACKLE AND BOAT IRONWORK, WOOD AND IRON 

BLOCKS AND WINDLASSES. 
TOMJPSON A1XI> OO., 

PATTERN ROOM: 4, BROAD STREET BUILDINGS, E.G. 

(Facing Broad Street Station); and DUDLEY. 
IMPORTERS OF AMERICAN ASH BOAT OARS. 'SHIP LAMPS. 



Great Britain Division IV. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 1? 

95. WOODGER, HENRY LAMBLE, 9 Haddo Terrace, Scarborough, 
Yorks. Full-rigged model of Screw Steam Trawler, now working out of the port of 
Scarborough. 

96. INGRAM, R., Brock Farm Cottage, North Shields. Working Model 
of a proposed Screw Steam Trawler, built of Polished Zinc and Plated, fitted with Engine and 
Boiler, 105ft. on Load Line, 112ft. 6 in. over all, Beam moulded 20 ft, depth 11 ft. 6 in., Scale 
J in. to 1 foot. Illustrating a means of securing solid water for the Propeller to work in, and 
effectual guarding from fouling the Trawl and Tow Line, and no hindrance to the speed of the 
Steamer. 

DIVISION IV. [Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery.'] See Plan, p. 8. 
Fishing vessels, and boats other than steam vessels. 



%* From considerations affecting the apportionment of space, it has been found necessary 
to include in the British Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery, containing, among other Divisions, Division 
IV., also boats used for Fresh-water Fishing (Division XX.} 

97. IRVINE, FRANCIS, 14 Skene Street, Macduff, N.B. Four Models 
Full Kigged. (1) The "K. W. Duff" with Sweeping Mast and Screw Propeller, driven by 
hand ; capstan, with safety rail, can be used in section, simple, efficient, and cost little. (2) 
" Alexn Asher " Smack Rig with Sweeping Mast and safety rail, entirely out of the way when 
down, new design of Steering Gear. (3) " Macduff "new build, with new design of Big, the 
Sail does not require to be dipped in beating to windward, possessing the advantages of the 
Lug Sail without the dangers of it. (4) " W. E. Gladstone " Trawler or Fish Carrier, the 
openings on Deck are for stowing the Fish into the different compartments. 

98. HODGSON, J. W., 48 Kedbourne Street, Hull. Complete Model of 
Trawl Fishing Vessel, built and fitted up strictly on a scale of -in. to 1 ft. Dimensions HO ft. 
by 20 ft. by 10 ft. Showing Fish-room, Engine-room, and arrangement for working capstan 
by Steam Power, &c. 

99. HO AD, JAMES C., JUN., Eye, Sussex. Model of the North Sea 
Trawler, " City of London," of Hull, by f in. scale. Launched Februarv, 1883. 

100. PETERKIN, J. C., & CO., Eope and Sail Makers, Lossiemouth, 
Elgin. Zulu Boat, rigged with Sails. 

101. BANKS, GEORGE, 1 Henrietta Court, St. Thomas Street, 
Scarborough. Model of a North Sea Trawler, complete, fitted up inside, with Cabin, Fish 
Koom, Ice Room, Warp Locker, and all requisites, &c., complete. 

102. ROSHER, CHARLES HENRY, 23 Fulham Park Gardens, 
London, S.W. (1) Eskimo Kayak (canoe), Paddle, Boathook, Seal-harpoon and line. The 
frame of the Kayak is constructed of wood fastened with thin strips of hide and sinews, and it 
is covered with sealskin, sewn with reindeer sinews. The head of the harpoon is made from a 
walrus tooth, and the line of walrus-hide. (2) Sealskin boots and mittens. 

103. FORRESTT & SON, Norway Yard, Limehouse, E. (1) Full- 
eized Coble as used on North-East Coast. (2) Working Model of Marine Engine and 
Machinery complete. 

194. HAMILTON, DANIEL, Upper Main Street, Dunbar, N.B. Model 
of Fishing Boat. 

105. YpUNG, SIR ALLEN, 5 St. James Street, London, W. A Sledge 
and Boat, with travelling equipment for long journeys over the ice, as supplied to the relief 
ship " Hope." 

106. ROPER, RICHARD, 143 Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E. 
(1) Fishing Punt, with fluted bottom, built on the cellular (unsinkable) principle, suitable 
for rivers, lakes, &c., fitted with cabins for sleeping, cooking, &c., and tanks to hold fish. 
Scale, 1 inch to 1 foot. (2) Fishing Punt, on the same principle, without cabins ; suitable for 

LADIES' LEVE ANTIPLUYIDM CAPES. 

For the Pocket. Only 10 ozs. in Weight. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

India-Rubber Manufacturers, 37, Queeu Victoria Street, London, E,C, 



18 Great Britain Division IV. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

small lakes* small ponds, &c. ; fitted with tanks for fish, lookers, and umbrella tent, and 
Scale, 1 inch to 1 foot. 

107. SHARP AND MURRAY, Cellardyke, Fifeshire, N.B. Models. 

108. METCALF & WOOD, Albert Dock Locks, Hull. (1) Complete 
Model 80-Ton Sailing Trawler, fitted up with all the latest improvements, fishing gear, &c. 
(2) " Boat/' 17 ft. long, 7 ft. beam, for conveying fish from the smack to the steam cutters. 

109. LEIGH- SMITH, R., 64 Gower Street, London. Boat of the late 
Yacht " Eira," in which Exhibitor retreated to the Coast of Nova Zembla, after wintering in 
Franz Joseph Land, and rescued by the " Hope." Distance traversed, about 800 miles, chiefly 
through pack ice. Time occupied on journey, 43 days. 

1 10. BURGOINE, C. & A., Kingston-on-Thames, Surrey. (1) Model of 
Boat with handier and safer rig than the ordinary Lug Sail, not requiring to be dipped at 
every tack in beating to windward. (2) 14 ft. Model Boat with well for Fishing and sufficient 
draught to beat to windward. Eigged with improved Balanced Lug and Mizen, with simple 
Beefing Gear. (3) Model of Improved Tackle for management of Tug and other Sails on 
Board Small Fishing Craft. (4) Fishing Boat for Eivers or Lakes, 24 ft. (5) Thames Skiff 
with fish-well, wet or dry at pleasure, fitted with screw plug and pump. 

111. ANDERSON, ABBOT, & ANDERSON, 37 Queen Victoria 
Street, London. Portable India Kubber Boats. 

112. JEANS, JOHN, 57 North Street, London, Poplar, E. (1) Model of 
Life-boat, "Tony Burn." Propelled by Screw. Length 30 in. (2) Model of Ship's Pin- 
nace, " Wind Jamer of Aberdeen," to go by "Windmill, utilising the wind, thus ensuring the 
safety of lives when launched from ship. Length 30 inches. (3) Model of Herring Boat, 
** Betty Allen of Foot Dee." Propelled by screw when required. Length 30 inches. 

113. BAXTER, ALFRED, Fish Docks, Grimsby. Boat for Cod-Fiahing 
Vessel. 

114. CORDING, GEORGE, 125 Regent Street, and 231 Strand, 
W.G. (1) India Kubber Portable Boat for Lake Fishing, &c. (2) Portable Collapsible Boat. 

115. BEECHING BROTHERS, Ship and Boat Builders, Great 
Yarmouth. Boat for Conveying Fish from Catcher to Carrier, adapted for saving the lives of 
the crew. 

116. BURDETT-COUTTS, W., 1 Stratton Street, Piccadilly, London, W. 
A Greencastle Yawl, used for fishing off part of the coast of County Donegal, fully rigged, 
24ft. by 7 ft. 

117. HAMILTON, THE MARQUIS OF, 2 Belgrave Square, 
London, "W. (1) A Tory Island (co. Donegal) Curragh, used in fishing, full size, 15 ft. by 5 ft. 
(2) A Dunfanaghy (co. Donegal) Curragh, used in fishing, full size, 15 ft. by 5 ft. (3) Long 
Line and Mackerel Hand Line, as used in Sheephaven Bay, county Donegal. 

118. SAYER & CO., 100 Lower Thames Street, London, E.G. (1) A 
Kerry Curragh, used off counties Clare and Kerry in fishing, fully rigged, 28 ft. by 7 ft. 
(2) A Gweedone Curragh, used in fishing, Jfull size, 15 ft. by 5 ft. (3) A Boyne Corracle, 
used on river Boyne in Salmon fishing, full size, 4 ft. by 4 ft. 

lip. STEPHEN, WILLIAM, & SONS, Shipbuilders, Marine Parade, 
Dundee, and St. John's, Newfoundland. Whaleboat, fully equipped with guns, lances, &c., 
ready for use. 

120. MUNDAHL, C. M., Fish Docks, Grimsby. (1) Codman's Boat. (2) 
Whelker's Boat. 

121. AYLING, EDWARD, Auckland Street, Vauxhall, S. E. Oars, 
Sculls, Paddles, &c., in the rough and manufactured states. 

122. WRIGHT, J. P., 3 Park Eoad, Bed Hill, Surrey. (1) Collapsible 
Dinghy, cork and wood sides, canvas waterproof bottom, protected by an outer bottom of wood. 
(2) Folding Canadian Canoe, cork and wood as above. (3) Folding Inflatable Canoe. Weight 
25 Ib. Size, open, 7 ft Gin. by 30 in. ; folded, 28 in. by 14 in. by 9 in. (4) Folding Shooting 

C. Sc ^. BXJIfcOOIJVES, 

YACHT AND BOAT BUILDERS TO HER MAJESTY, 

High Street, King-ston-on-Thames, and at Hampton Wick. 
24 Ft. MAHOGANY DOUBLE SCULLING SKIFF, with Well (wet or dry at pleasure) 
fittd with Perforated Plate and Screw Plug, and Brass Adjustable Pump. Sculls, Oars, Balance 
Lug Sail, &c., 45 Os Od 24 Ft. MAHOGANY PUNT, with Fish Well. Cane Back Rail 
Cushions, Gratings, Luncheon Basket, 31 10s. Od. 15 Ft. OPEN SAILING BOAT f Light 
Draught, fitted with Balance Lug Sail, with Simple Reefing Gear, a great improvement on the ordinary 
lug sail, does not require dipping in going about and is a safer and hardier rig for any Boat (opn 
specially.) 26 Ft. CEDAR FOUJi-OABED GIG, kindly lent by G. F. DaNCOKBJt, Esq. 



Great Britain Division IV. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 19 

and Fishing Punt, 16 ft. by 3 ft. 9 in. ; folding to, 6 ft. long. (5) Ditto, 10 ft. by 3 ft. ; folding 
to, 5 ft. long. 

123. BERTHON BOAT COMPANY, Limited, Works, Eomsey, 

Hampshire ; London office, 72, Aldersgate Street, E.G. (1) Collapsible Insubmergible Ding- 
hys for Fishing Smacks, which, being stowed in so small a space, afford a means of refuge in 
case of distress. This Dinghy is 12 ft. long by 4 ft. 2 in., but it can be made of any size and 
in any form. It will live in any sea, and will not sink when filled with water. (2) Collap- 
sible Boats for Fishing and Shooting on Kivers and Lakes. (3) Collapsible Boats, 7, 9, and 
10 ft. long, for Fishing, Shooting, &c. The 10 ft. boat is bipartite, or made in two parts for 
more convenient transport, one half being carried on each side of a pony. (4) Canoes for Pad- 
dling, Sailing, and Duck Shooting. (5) A 22 ft. Berthon Lifeboat collapsed between davits 
on a ship's side, showing how any amount of the very best and safest boats can be carried by 
any ship without inconvenience. These are unrivalled sea boats, and excellent sailers. They 
open automatically in a few seconds, and are far less liable to injury in the act of lowering 
than common boats. 

124. MEITER, C. W., & CO., 87 Gracechurch Street, London, E.G. 
(1) Fishing, Shooting, Pleasure, Life-Saving Portable Boats, manufactured under Colonel do 
la Sala's patent. (2) Unsinkable Waterproof Fishing Garments, and other Life-Saving 
Appliances. 

125. LIGHTPOOT, CHARLES, 19 Dover Street, Sittingbourne, Kent. 
Model of a Smack fitted as a Stow-boat. Model of a Cod Smack. 

126. WISEMAN, FREDERICK, Paglesham, Eochford, Essex. Model 
of Esquimaux Fishing Boat. 

127. FELLOWS, H., & SON, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, (i) Plan of 
Sailing Trawler and Carrier. (2) Model of a Drift Fishing Boat, for North Sea and other 
fisheries, with steam capstan. 

I27. PICKERING, W. A., Special Commissioner Straits Settlements* 
Model showing the application of a modified form of Chinese rig to the Sail of a Scotch 
Fishing Boat. 

128. SAILORS' HOME, Cape Town. Model of a Fishing Schooner. 
I2p. SHIPWRECKED FISHERMEN'S AND MARINERS' ROYAL 

BENEVOLENT SOCIETY, Hibernian Chambers, London Bridge, S.E. 
(1) Statement of Objects of the Society, with Statistics of its work. (2) Frames with 
Testimonials, Forms, &c. (3) Annual and Quarterly Publications. (4) Serial issues and 
Pamphlets. (5) Gold, Silver and other medals. (6) " Grace Darling " boat, as memorably 
used by that heroine (6 Sept. 1838). Lent by Mrs. John Joicey. Life-size Portraits of 
Grace Darling and her Father. (7) Picture of the " Eescue of the Survivors of the ' Forfar- 
shire.' " (8) Engraving of the same subject. Lent by Mr. G. H. King, Sea Horse House. 
(9) Series of Photographs of rescued vessels, exemplifying terrible effects of numerous notable 
collisions. Lent by Fletcher, Son, & Fearnall. (10) Autograph Letter from Grace Darling. 
Lent by G. G. Grant. 

130. ALBERT DOCK SHIPWRIGHT, BOAT BUILDING, AND 
MAST AND BLOCK-MAKING CO., Limited, HULL, George F. 
Stevens, Manager. Deep-Sea Trawler's Boat for conveying Fish from Catcher to Cutter. 

131. GUNN, JOHN, The Hermitage, Golspie, Sutherlandshire. Guard 
Eails for Fishing Boats and other vessels. Gunn's patent, fitted on model of gunwale of Scotch 
fishing boat. This movable folding guard rail is intended to prevent the great loss of life caused 
through men falling or being washed overboard from all classes of vessels having low bulwarks. 

132. SEARLE & SONS, Stangate, Lambeth, London, S.E. (1) A. Kiver 
Fishing Punt. (2) A River Fishing Gig. (3) A Kiver Skiff-headed Fishing Punt. (4) 
Model of the last State Barge built for the Lord Mayor of London (loan). 

133. MESSUM, E. T & SONS, Lansdowne Boat House, Lower Road, 
Richmond. Surrey. (1) A Mahogany Fishing Punt. (2) A Mahogany Lake Punt, suitable 
for rowing or fishing. (3) An Oak Fishing Gig. (4) " Speciality " Pleasure Skiff, fitted with 
nickel silver fittings and all the Exhibitors' latest improvements. ___> 

PASCALL ATKEY & SON, 
Yacht Fitters and Stove Makers, 

AL80 MANTJrAOTUBBBS OF 

EVERY DESCRIPTION OF SHIP WORK AND FISHING GEAR. 
West Cowes, Isle of Wight, 

c 2 



20 



Great Britain Division IV. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 



134. DOCKAR, ALEXANDER, Garmouth by Fochabers, N.B. Model 
of Fishing Boat. 

135. EDINBURGH, H.R.H. THE DUKE OP, K.G., Clarence House, 
St. James's, London, S.W. Carved Figure-Head of a Canoe. This object belonged to the late 
chief Porutu te Takataka of the Ngatiawa tribe, Wellington ; and was presented to H.K.H. 
Duke of Edinburgh by his son Ihaia Poruru. It was carved by the well-known Wiremu Kingi, 
the chief who began the war (New Zealand) in 1860. 

136. CREASY, R. G. N., 27 Clement's Lane, Lombard Street, E.C. 
Model of Sailing Trawler fitted with auxiliary power. 

136^, COOPER, W. R., Model of a Canadian Ice Boat. 

137. TYZACK, B. C., 13 Preston Eoad, North Shields. (1) Boat Fish 
Carrier Model. (2) Ships' Navigable Buoy, Life-Boat Model. 

138. TAGG, T. G., The Island, Hampton Court. (1) A Niagara Canoe 
suitable for rowing or paddling, also for fishing and shooting, fitted with patent swivel row- 
locks and movable centre keel. (2) A Gentleman's Pleasure Punt, suitable for rowing, and 
as a fishing and shooting boat. 

139. LEE & WIGHT, Boatbuilders, &c., Tweedmouth, Berwick-on-Tweed. 
(1) A Deep-Sea Fishing Boat, Full Kigged. (2) A Coble Round Stern, as used on the East 
Coast. (3) An Angling Boat, as used on the Tweed. (4) A Deep-Sea Fishing Boat. 
(5) Angling Boat and Coble. 

r 140. WEATHERHEAD, JAMES, Eyemouth, Berwickshire. (1) Model of 
Fishing Boat " Waverley ;" length, 52 ft. ; breadth, 17 ft. ; height, 8 ft. 8 in. ; awarded First 
P,rize at Yarmouth Exhibition. (2) Model of Fishing Boat. 

141. PARK, JOHN, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. (1) Model Fishing Boat 
"Eureka :" to show an improved plan of Lug Sail, adapting it for tacking without lowering or 
dipping yard At pleasure the sail may be set in the usual way. The tack is traversed round 
the mast by a traveller and horse. There is also in this model a plan of a chain rail, 
stanchions falling forwards ; at pleasure, the rail can be raised by the steersman alone at a 
moment's notice. (2) Model of a Telescopic Mast, fitted to lower about 15 feet, or a third of 
total height. The plan is worked by a steel rope and winch gear, within the shell of the 
lower part of the mast. 

142. WALLIS, WHITWORTH, 4 The Residences, South Kensington 
Museum, London, S.W. Model of Fishing Smack. 

143. UPHAM, J. W. & A., Brixham, Devon. Half Models of Cutter, 
Trawlers and Fishing Ketch. 

144. BISHOP, S., Fernbank Koad, Redland, Bristol. Model of a " Guernsey " 
Mackerel Fishing Boat. Scale 1 inch to 1 ft., built by Exhibitor. 

145. FINDLAY, GEORGE, Whitehills, Banff, N.B. Models of Fishing 
Boats used on the North East Coast of Scotland. 

146. KEYMER, H. J. C., The Fisheries Iron Works, Great Yarmouth. 
(1) Model of a Boat not less than 45 feet keel. (2) Model of Off-Shore Boat, with or without 
steam. (3) Model of Steam Herring and other Fishing Boat or Vessel. 

147. BURT, P. A., 56, Grosvenor Koad, Westminster, S.W. Carved Figure- 
Head of War Canoe. 

148. BARKER, R. E., 15 Brooklyn Eoad, Shepherd's Bush. Safety Boat 
with Pivoted Mast. 

149. WILSON, PETER, Offices of the Fisheries, Girvan, Ayrshire. (1) 
Deep Sea Line or Herring Drift Boat. (2) West Coast Trawl Skiff. (3) Drawings of 
West Coast Trawl Skiff. (4) Two Drawings of Big of Deep-Sea Boat with ordinary and 
Storm Sails. 

150. McMILLAN, ANDREW, 33 Eton Street, Hessle Eoad, Hull. Model 
of Boat for conveying Fish from the Smack to the Steam Cutter. Showing the arrangement 
for life-saving. Scale 3 in. to the foot. 



SOLE 
FLAG MAKERS 

TO 

H.M. Navy, also Makers to H.M. 
Government and Foreign Governments. 



FLAGS FOR SHIPS, STEAMERS, YACHTS, BOATS, 
CASTLES, MANSIONS, TENTS, CRICKET, 
FOOTBALL, ROWING, & SAILING 
CLUBS. 



O 



21, London Street, Mark Lane, B.C.; M283, lapping, E. 



O 



Great Britain Division IV. Deep Sea, Fisheries Gallery. 21 

151. TAYLOR, ALEXANDER, Boatbuilder and Fish Curer, Landhaveu, 
Fraserburgh, N.B. (1) Model of Deep Sea or Herring Boat. (2) Model built on a scale of 
1 in. to the foot, the Lug Sail to work by aft the Mast without hoisting or lowering in the 
process of tacking; likewise Permanent Safety Rails round the fore part of the boat, and 
Portable Rails round the afterpart. (3) (4) Model 
built on a scale of in. to the foot, with alterations on the Lug Sail ; also more safely provided 
for the steersman, and with a Winch for hoisting or lowering the mast. 

152. WALES, H.R.H. THE PRINCESS OF, Marlborough House, 
London, W. Model (Working), representing two Fishing Boats at Sea. 

153. JOHNSON, FRANK C., The Lodge, Brixham. Fully rigged 
Model of a 40-ton Brixham Sailing Trawler. 

154. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS 
OF, Burghley Park, Stamford. Model of a Steam Trawling Yacht. 

155. EARL'S SHIPBUILDING AND ENGINEERING COM- 
PANY, Limited, Hull. Plans and Drawings of Steam Trawler. 

156. CRITTON, HENRY, Cobholm, Southtown, Yarmouth. Half Model 
of Sailing Trawler, and also Model of Lifeboat. 

157. WATSON & FOX, Shipbuilders, Great Western Docks, Plymouth. 
(1) Model of lines of Plymouth Trawler from which eight vessels have been built. (2) Model 
of lines of Plymouth Trawler. (3) Half-model of Plymouth or South Coast Trawler, from 
which eight vessels have been built; length 70*4; breadth, 17' 5; depth, 9*4; register 
tonnage, 47. (4) Half Model of Plymouth Trawler. This vessel is fitted as a Yacht, and 
cruises three months in the summer, and trawls the remainder of the year; length, 73*5; 
breadth 17 2 ; length, L.W.L., 70 2 ; depth, 10 ; Keg. Ton. 46 tons ; Y.K. A. Rule, 74 tons. 

158. GARROOD, CHARLES, South Lodge, Forest Hill, London, S.E. 
A Drawing of Boat, showing apparatus to prevent capsizing. 

159. SUMMERS, ANDREW, 42 Cairnbulg, Fraserburgh, Aberdeen- 
shire. Model, Fishing Scull, half real size with mock baited line, all got up and made by the 
Exhibitor. 

160. TARNER, G. EDWARD, 35 High Street, St. Marylebone, London, 
"W. (1) Sectional Sketch Model of Ship : illustrating Pamphlet Suggestions for Increasing 
the Safety of Ships, by the Combination of Hollow-End Compartments with Girder Keel, 
with " Suggestions " attached, accompanied by two small whole models, and lead weights for 
showing the eifect of hollow-end compartments by experiment (exhibited at the Shipwright's 
Company's Exhibition at Fishmongers' Hall, 1882), a system of construction applicable in a 
greater or less degree to ships and vessels of all sizes and for all purposes. (2) Section Model 
of Ship in glass case. (3) Two small Models and two Lead Weights on stand under glacis 
cover. 

161. MOIR, JAMES, 11 Upper Grove Place, Edinburgh. Three Oil 
Paintings and three sectional elevations of the different boats in use on the North-east Coast of 
Scotland. 

162. WILKINS, FREDERIC, C.E., 55 Poland Street, London, W. 
(1) Improved Ships for Fishing, Yachting, Passengers, or War uses, with a gasaline engine 
and submarine observatory. (2) Submarine Vessels, Stations, Diving Bells, &c. : these may 
remain under water for years without inconvenience to the crews. 

163. WATSON, JOHN, 29 North Portland Street, Glasgow. Portable 
Canvas Canoe. With water-tight compartment of 4001bs. displacement. Canoe when open is 
12 feet long by 30 inches broad, and 14 inches deep. A double paddle 7 feet 3 inches long. 
Canoe when closed rolls up into a cylinder 3 ft. 3 in. long by 9 in. in diameter, including 
Paddle and Seat, and weighs 30 Ibs. with everything complete. 

164. KING, J., & CO., Boat Builders, Three Colt Street, Limehouse, E. 
(1) Yacht Dinghy. Copper fastened, planked with Mahogany, Brass Kowlocks and Yoke, 
Balance Lug Sail, Mast, Oars, &c. (2) Smack's Dinghy. Copper fastened, Frame of English 
oak, planked with English elm, Oars, Mast, Yard, Lug Sail, Kowlocks, &c. (3) Steam Launch 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

MAKERS OF 

3fi8bermen's itefcin Clotbing 

OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. 

37, Queen Victoria Street London, E.G. 



WORKS: LIMEHOUSE, E. 



22 Great Britain Diviswn IV. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

Punt. Copper fastened, Frame of English oak, planked with English elm and fitted with 
Mahogany internal fittings, Balance Lug and Sliding Keel, Mast, Oars, Gun Metal Rowlocks 
and Yoke, &c. 

165. DONALDSON, ROBERT, 5 Quay, Dumbarton, N.B. (1) Full 
Model of Decked Fishing Boat, from light-water draught, Lug Sail which does not require to 
be dipped, and showing Mainsail and Staysail in one. Length 42 ft. keel, 10 ft. beam. Scale 
1 in. to the foot. (2) Model of Open Fishing Boat, complete Length, 26 ft. keel, G ft. beam. 
Scale in. to the foot. (3) Model of Punt, J in. to the foot. (4) Model of Cot, in. to the 
foot. (5) Model of Punt. (6) Model of Cot used for shooting wild fowl. 

166. CORDING, J. C., & CO., Piccadilly, London, W. India Rubber Boat, 

167. JOHNSTON, WILLIAM, Scalloway, Shetland, N.B. Model of a 
Fishing Boat with a newly invented form of Lug Sail. Constructed so as to allow the boat to 
tack without being dipped, and various other advantages. Also photographs to explain 
working of same. 

168. WITHERWICK, J., Hull. Canoe. 

169. SMITH, GEORGE & JOHN, Kock Channel Shipyard, Rye, Sussex. 
Model of a Well Vessel. 

170. TEASDEL, WILLIAM, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, 
Norfolk. (1) Model of a Fishing Smack's Boat, for carrying Fish, made so as to ensure the 
greatest possible safety to the crew. (2) Drawing, showing Plan of Scotch Fishing Boat, 
constructed so as not to sink, even when full of water. 

I70. LUCAS, J. M., Tintern Lodge, Kew Gardens. Coracle and paddle 
from the river Usk, used in Salmon and Trout fishing, constructed so that the angler may 
carry it en his back to and from the water's edge. This coracle is peculiar to the Usk, and is 
identical with the craft used by the Ancient Britons ; the skin coverings, however, that were 
employed by the latter having been superseded by light canvas ones tarred over. 

171. ROBERTS, SAMUEL. Coracle and Paddle. 

172. BERTRAM, J., 241 King's Road, Chelsea, London, S.W. (1) Im- 
proved Mast to do away with Dipping of Lug. (2) An Improved Big, which will enable the 
crew to work the boat much easier than the old system of the Dipping Lug, the weatherly 
qualities will be found far superior to the old Kig, and, having a Centre Board, will prevent 
the ballast from shifting, part of the floor being left off to show the provision for ballast. 
A Model of Fish Box that will act as Lifebuoy ; by connecting such boxes together, a raft may 
be formed. 

173. STEVEN, GEORGE, Boatbuilder and Fisherman, Gardenstown, 
Banffshire, N.B. Model of Drift Boat for Herring Fishing, 40-ft. Keel, -in. Scale, Clincher 
Built, FuU Kigged. 

174. LOYNES, JOHN, Elm Hill, Norwich. (1) Model of Centreboard 
jftowable Sailing Boat, fitted with interchangeable rigs, instantaneous adjustable awning, and 
other special fittings for cruises. (2) Model of a Shallow Water Yacht, exhibiting a collap- 
sible and movable cabin, giving at pleasure extra well room by day and head room by night. 
(3) Chart and Photographs, illustrating the Angling and Yachting waters for which the above 
boats have been primarily designed. 

175. KEMP, ROBERT, JUN., Mutford Bridge, Lowestoft, Suffolk. 
(1) Model of Freshwater Fishing Boat. (2) Model of Freshwater Fishing Yacht. De- 
signed to combine with the light draught and handiness required on the Norfolk Broads, the 
greatest possible amount of comfort. 

176. JACKSON, (Agent) J. T. GRINDROD, 2, Marine Terrace, New 
Brighton. (1) Concave-Bottomed Vessels. (2) Full-sized Canoe for Cruising and Fishing. 
(3) A Model of a Life Boat to f in. scale. (4) A Model of a Coble or Fishing Boat to 
in. scale. 

177. WOODCOCK, J. P., 23 Abingdon Street, Westminster. Model of 
Centre-Plate Lugger, with Balanced Lug Mainsail. 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

SOLE MANUFACTURERS OF THE CELEBRATED 

LEVE ANTIPLUYIUM WATERPROOF GARMENTS, 

SUITED FOR ALL CLIMATES 

Specially adapted for Fishing, Shooting, and General Purposes, 



Great Britain Division V. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 23 

178. BUNDOCK, THOMAS A., Leigh, near Southend-on-Sea, Essex. 
Model Fishing Boat, with Shrimp Gear, in working order (inch scale), also used for dredging 
Oysters, Spratch catching, carrying to London and Billingsgate. Long Lining for Cod, Skate, 
and for general Trawling purpose. 

179. JBOLUS WATERSPRAY VENTILATING COMPANY, 235 
High Holborn, W.C. System of Ventilation as applied to the holds of steam trawlers and 
fish carriers. 

180. GURR, JOHN, 5 Egbert Street, St. George's Koad, Kegent's Park, 
N.W. (1) Model of a Boat with a handier and safer Kig than the Lug Sail. (2) Model of an 
Improved Lifeboat. (3) Model of a Safe Skiff for sea or river use, for rowing or sailing. To 
be known as the " O'Gee " Skiff. (4) Samples of a simple and Effective Life Belt that a child 
can make. 

181. BRADFORD, W. H., Great Saughall, near Chester. Eiver Fishing 
Boat, with Well. Ingress of fresh water by pipes through the bottom of boat into well. 
Kenewal of fresh water by occasionally baling or pumping out water, it being re-supplied 
through ingress pipes from the stream below. Adopted, instead of having to moor, for current 
of water to pass through the well. 

182. GULSTON, G. S., Bembridge House, Fareham, Hants. Model of 
Off-shore Fishing Boat, with improved Kig, and designed to lie on hard ground. 

183. LINDSAY, W. N., Leith, N.B. East Coast Fishing Boat. 

184. McCUBBIN, JAMES, Boatbuilder, Port Street, Annan, N.B. k Model 
of Shrimp Boat used in the Solway Firth. 

186. EMERY, LEWIS , Sherringham, Norwich. Norfolk Crab Boat, 
fitted with fishing gear. 

188. WARD, ROWLAND, & CO., Naturalists, 166 Piccadilly, London. 
(1) Basswood Canadian Canoes, Canadian built, showing different sizes and builds, fitted with 
ornamental cushions, &c. Built by Gordon and English for Rowland Ward, who first intro- 
duced them into this country. (2) American Portable Canvas Boats. 

189. RAE, JOHN, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., &c., 4 Addison 1 Gardens, South 
Kensington, London, W. (1) Model of Eskimo Canoe (kayak), for fishing and hunting; 
obtained in Greenland. (2) Model of Eskimo Woman's Boat (oomiack) used for fishing and 
carrying heavy cargo ; from Greenland. (3) Model of Fishing and Hunting Canoe, from 
Pacific Coast of British Columbia. (4) Eskimo Fish Spear from Repulse Bay. Made of bone 
and Horn. One of this size would spear salmon varying from 3 Ibs. to 12 or 15 Ibs. (5) Model 
of Spear used by Micmac Indians of Eastern Canada, with piece of stone used in old times as 
central prong. (6) Model of Spear or rake used for catching herrings, &c., on the shores of 
British Columbia. (7) A Bundle (3) Ancient Fish Hooks of bone and horn, from McKenzie river. 

ipl. PAIRBRASS, HERBERT WYNNE, Naval Architect, Contractor, 
and Surveyor, Canterbury. Drawings and Plans of Steam Trawler. 

192. MACLEOD, B. B., 46 Clarges Street, W. Lithograph of Split Lug Eig. 

193. PLATEL, JOHN, 64 Fore Street, Brixham. Model of a Brixham 
Trawler. 

DIVISION Y. [Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery.] See Plan, p. 8. 
Ropes and canvas suitable to fishing vessels. 

196. BRACEY & SON, Yarmouth. (1) 60 fathoms 4 in. White Manilla 4 
Strand. (2) 60 fathoms 3 in. White Manilla 4 Strand. (3) 60 fathoms 2 in. White Manilla 
4 Strand. (4) 100 fathoms 2 in. Hemp 4 Strand. (5) 60 fathoms 7 in. Trawl Kope. (6) 60 
fathoms 7 in. Manilla Trawl Rope. (7) 60 fathoms 4 in. Manilla Warp. (8) 60 fathoms 5 in. 
Coir Rope. (9) 50 fathoms 5 in. Bolt Rope. (10) 60 fathoms 4 in. Bolt Rope. (11) 60 
fathoms 3 in. Bolt Rope. (12) 60 fathoms 4 in. Yellow Manilla Rope. (13) 60 fathoms 4 in. 
Tarred Manilla Rope. (14) 65 fathoms 8 in. Hemp Winding Rope. (15) 65 fathoms Sin 
Hemp Winding Rope, Shroud Laid. (16) Two 30 fathoms 5 in. Manilla Bridles. 

S. & H. HARRIS'S 
BRITISH 

!> OIL I SHI NO- 

PASTE. 

FOR CLEANING ALL METALS AND GLASS. 

kf U Dealers throughout the World. 



24 Great Britain Division V. Deep Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

197. UNITE, JOHN, 291 Edgware Eoad, London, W. (1) A Collection 

of Hopes suitable for Fishing Vessels. (2) Samples of Canvas for Fishing Vessels. 

198. FROST BROTHERS, 11 London Street, E.G., and at Shadwell. 
Trawl Warps, Hopes, Net Twines, Lines, &c., for fishing purposes. 

199. THOMSON, M. C., 67 Great Clyde Street, Glasgow, and 18A 
Basinghall Street, London, E.G. Works : Ward Mill, Arbroath, N.B. (1) Sailcloth. Brands : 
Crown Hurricane, Crown Koyal Extra, Extra all !Long Flax, Koyal Northern Yacht Canvas, 
Double Double Waggon Canvas, No. 1 Strong Hemp Tarpauling, An Imperial Duck. (2) 
Twines : No. 1 Fine Flax Seaming, No. 1 Fine Flax Hoping. 

200. WARRINGTON WIRE ROPE WpRKS, Limited. Office and 
Warehouse : 13 Goree Piazzas, Liverpool. Works : Warrington. (1) Show Case of Samples 
of Ropes adapted for all general purposes. (2) Samples of Wire Hopes adapted for trawling 
and deep-sea fishing. (3) Sample Coils of Trawl Hopes, Bridles, Head and Foot Ropes, 
Fishing Twines of Cotton and Hemp, Cotton Rope and Sundry Fishing Gear. 

201. BELFAST ROPEWORK COMPANY (THE), Limited, 
Belfast, Ireland. (1) White Manilla Boat Tie. (2) White Manilla Headfast. (3) White 
Manilla Backrope. (4) White Manilla Lines, assorted sizes. (5) Tarred Manilla Trawl Warp. 
(6) Tarred Manilla Bridle. (7) Tarred Russian Hemp Stayfall. (8) Tarred Russian Hemp 
Laniard. (9) Tarred Russian Hemp Boltrope for Sails. (10) Tarred Russian Hemp Back- 
rope. (11) White Russian- Hemp Hoist Rope. (12) Coir Hope. (13) White Sisal Rope. 
(14) White Sisal Lines, assorted sizes. (15) Plaited Lines assorted. (16) Package Lines, 
&c., assorted, various qualities. 

202. RUTHERPURD BROTHERS, Ingram Street, Glasgow. (1) Sample 
Bolts of Sailcloth, Tarpauling and Linen Duck, along with Twine for Sewing same. (2) Sail- 
cloth, &c., for use of Fishing Smacks and Ships generally. 

203. WEBSTER, FRANCIS, & SONS, Alma Works, Arbroath, N.B. 
Flax and Cotton Canvas and Twines. 

204. DIXON, CORBITT, & SPENCER, Teams Hemp and Wire Eope 
Works, Gateshead upon Tyne. (1) Manilla and Russian Hemp Ropes, entirely Machine 
Spun, and laid upon Self-contained Machines. (2) Galvanized Patent Steel Wire Flexible 
Warps and Running Ropes on Reels and Winches. (3) Patent Stoppers for Wire Towlines. 
(4) Cases containing Samples of every description of Fibrous and Wire Ropes and Lines, 
Electric Light Leads and Insulated Wires, Patent Testable Lightning Conductors, Copper, 
Iron, and Steel Cords, Engine Packings, &c. 

205. HAWKINS & TIPSON, 52 and 53 Outched Friars, London, E.G., 
and Globe Rope Works, Millwall, E. (1) Two 6-in. Tarred Manilla Trawl Warps. (2) Two 
pairs of 5-in. Tarred Manilla Bridles. (3) Two Coils Coir Rope. (4) Ten Coils Manilla 
Hope Running Gear. (5) Six Coils Bolt Rope. (6) Tarred and White Lines, comprising 
Deep Sea Lines, Lead Lines, Halliards, &c. (7) Tarred Hemp Warp. (8) Sample Case 
Wire Rope. (9) Two 3-in. Tarred Manilla Herring Warps. (10) Two Coils Tarred Hemp 
Running Gear. 

206. LONDON STEAM ROPERY COMPANY, 12 Upper East 
Smithfield, London, E. Works, Bermondsey Wall, S.E. Branch Store for Eastern Counties, 
Admiralty Wharf, Lowestoft. (1) White Manilla Warps. (2) White Manilla Rope for 
Running Gear. (3) White Manilla Lines. (4) Tarred Ditto for Trawl Warps. (5) Ditto 
for Bridles. (6) Ditto for Herring Warps. (7) Bolt Rope for repairing Sails. (8) Coir 
Warps and Springs. (9) White Hemp Rope. (10) Tarred Hemp Rope. (11) Staple quality 
for Running Gear. (12) Fishing Lines of all descriptions. (13) Deep Sea Lead Lines. 
(14) Hand ditto. (15) Signal Halyards. (16) Houseline. (17) Marline. (16) Hambro 
Lines, &c. 

207. BULLIVANT & CO., 72 Mark Lane, London. (1) Patent Flexible 
Steel : (1) Fishing Ropes. (2) Trawl Warps. (3) Dandy Bridles, &c. (4) Baulk Ropes. 
(5) Lug Sail Ties. (6) Running 'Rigging. (7) Hawsers. (8) Cables. (2) Patent Purchase 
Reels for coiling their Hawsers and Trawl Warps. (3) Improved Patent Automatic Nippers. 



lal VAST'S 

PATENT FLEXIBLE STEEL WIRE ROPE 

Is only one-third the weight of Hemp Rope of similar strength. 
Is far more durable, easier handled, and Cheaper in first cost than Hemp Hope. 

BULLIVANT AND CO., 72 MARK LANE, LONDON, 



Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 25 

(4) Patent Floating Anchor. (5) Galvanised Iron Wire Kigging Eope of various sizes, 
(6) A 50-ton Purchase Fall. (7) A 10-ton Purchase Fall. (8) Two Herring Nets, fitted 
with Bullivant's Patent Baulk Hopes. (9) Tyzack's Patent Weldless Anchor. 

208. SUTTON BROTHERS, Lopen Mills, near Ilminster, Somerset. 
(1) Dressed Canvas. (2) Undressed ditto. (3) Dressed Twines. (4) Undressed ditto. 

20p. EDGINGTON, BENJAMIN, 2 Duke Street, London Bridge, 
London, S.E., Tent Makers to H.M. the Queen and H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. (1) A Col- 
lection of Canvas (Green) prepared by Patent "Willesden" Process, Eot-proof and Water 
Kepellent for Sails, Covers, &c. -Various qualities. (2) Canvas, Brown Waterproofed Cotton . 
(3) Canvas, Flax and Cotton. (4) Blocks and Pulleys. (5) Sail-making Tools and Needle. 

213. JAMES, E. C., British Yacht Fleet, Hythe, Hants. Model Steel 
Frame Work to take the place of ordinary Mast and Rigging. 

215. MITCHELL, ANDREW, & CO., Sail Cloth Makers, Princes 
Square, Glasgow. Canvas for Sails and Sewing Twines for sewing same. 

216. RICHARDS & CO., Flax Spinners and Manufacturers, Aberdeen. 

(1) Flax, Canvas de Loua, Awning Cloth, Hammocking, White, Dressing, and Duck Canvas. 

(2) Seaming Twines. (3) Canvas Hose Pipe,'&c. 

218. PINTSCH'S PATENT LIGHTING COMPANY, Metropolitan 
Chambers, New Broad Street, E.G. Gas Buoy, warranted to burn for three months. 

2Ip. HAYWARD, RICHARD, & SONS, West Ohinnock and Tail Mill, 
Somerset. (1) Various kinds of Canvas and Seaming and Roping Twines; also the raw 
materials from which they are made, in various stages, from the growing flax to the finished 
yarn ; and various implements used in the manipulation. (2) Sail Cloth, Twine, Spun Lines, 
in different stages of preparation. 

220. HAYWARD, RICHARD, & CO., Coker Sailcloth Works, Crew- 
kerne, Somerset, and at 93 Minories, London, E. (1) Sailcloth (Canvas), as used for Heavy 
Sails in the North Sea Fishing Vessels and elsewhere. (2) Sail Twines. 

221. SHAW, JOHN, Soho Street, Sheffield. (1) Improved Patent Flexible 
Steel Wire Eopes for Ships' Hawsers and Trawl Warps. (2) Special Steel Eopes for 
running gear, discharging cargo, &c. (3) Steel Cord for Halyards, Log Lines, &c. (4) 
Copper Rope Lightning Conductors. 

222. DAVIS, J. T., Coborn Road, Bow, London, E. Eopes for Fishing 
Vessels, Running Gear, Trawl Warps, &c. 

224. LOVE & SON, JOHN, Denburn Eope Works, Kirkcaldy, N.B. 
Trawl Warps, Manilla and European Cordage, Coir Rope and Hawsers. Fishing Lines as 
used between the Tyne in England and the Moray Firth. 

225. CORNWALL, COMMITTEE FOR. For details see page 126. 
225^. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY. 

For details see No. 14gr, p. 10. 

225. EDINBURGH ROPERIE AND SAILCLOTH COMPANY. 
For details see No. 16. 

DIVISION VI. [East Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 

Steam and hand capstans, compasses, barometers, telescopes, 
lights, lamps, fog horns, systems of signalling at night for fishing 
fleets and vessels, electric lights, luminous paint, and other equipment 
of fishing vessels, charts for fishermen. 

226. LAMB, J. M., & CO., 119 Finchley Koad, London, N.W. (1) Ship's 
Exhaust and Air Supply Ventilators. (2) The Triumph and other Kotary Ventilators. 

226. GAGE, THOMAS, 53 Tyndall Street, Brixton. Rockets and Distress 

Signals. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

STOCKINGS, 0^ J4iyP J4A^4<^H Cyif COATS, 

ARE UNEQUALLED. 



26 



Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 



REFRESHMENTS 



SEAL POND 



N.S.WALES TASMANIA FRANCE CHI 




227. HUGHES, HENRY, & SON, 59 Fenchurch Street, London. 
(1) Samples of Binnacles and Compasses suitable for Fishing Boats. (2) Samples of 
Nautical Instruments, Lamps, Flags, and Signals. (3) Charts and Books. 

227. DENT, E., 61 Strand, and Koyal Exchange, Chronometers, Baro- 
meters, Compasses, &c. 

228. NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA, Holborn Viaduct, London, E.G. 
(1) Standard Barometers as made by Negretti & Zambra for the British Government. (2) 
The Meteorological Office Fishing Station Barometer. (3) The Board of Trade Marine 
Barometer. (4) The Fitzroy Marine and Station Barometers. (5) The Royal National Life- 
boat Station Barometer. (6) Marine Thermometers. (7) Negretti & Zambra's Patent Deep- 
Sea self-registering Thermometers. (8) Boat Compasses, Ritchie's Patent Liquid and Azimuth, 
(9) Tide, Wind, and Kain Gauges. (10) Current Meter. (11) Marine Telescopes, Sextants, 
and Binocular Glasses. (12) Bourdon's Marine Pressure Gauges. 

229. POX, CAPTAIN H. C., 3rd Batt., the Koyal Fusiliers, Koyal 
Thames Yacht Club. Mariners' Compass ; by the use of which it is calculated that collisions 
at sea during Fog can be avoided. The steamer or sailing vessel will sound on either steam- 
whistle or fog-horn the " Morse " signal, denoting what course she is on the signal for each 
course being marked on the different points of the compass, thereby rendering it unnecessary 
for captains of vessels to know the " Morse " alphabet. 

230. UNITE, JOHN, 291 & 293 Edgware Koad, London, W. Seamen's 
Clothing and Waterproof Apparel. 

MOKKELL'S CIVET CAT, 

60, 61, 42, BURLINGTON ARCADE, PICCADILLY, W. 

PRESENTS-ELEGANT, CHEAP, and USEFUL. 

WORK CASKETS, ARRIAGE PURSE BAGS, RUSSIA ALBUMS, FRAMES. 

NOVELTIES IN PLUSH, BRASS, QUAINT LETTER WEIGHTS- 

BANTAMS, 10s. 6d. 

OLIVE-WOOD BOAT [INKSTAND, 5s. 6d. GRACEFUL CHINA FIGURES. 
ENGLISH CUTLERY, KNIVES, SCISSORS, NSSDLSS, 



Great Britain Division VI, East Arcade. 



27 



T"" 



POND Q AVIARY 






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L ( FISH ,. E AT I.NQ--- BIRDS'--.-^ i ^ 


THE PRINCE CONSORT MEMORIAL 


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GALLERY^ || 




JAPAN S T , 3 SETTLEMENTS INDIA CHINA 


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541 1 542 1 1 A4B T., 


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-CIENTiFIC APPLIANCES 


WILSON BENNISON. SURVEYOR TO EXE-f X JCUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

M 



231. OLSEN, O. T., Fish-Dock Eoad, G-rimsby. (1) Improved Flare and 
Fog-horn, with signal Code. (2) Signal System for Fishing Vessels and Fleets. (3) North 
Sea Charts. (4) Fishing Banks. (5) Manuscript dealing with Partnership and Benefit 
Societies for the Fishery. (6) On the Best System of Life Insurance for Fishermen and of 
Insuring Boats, Gear, Nets, &c. 

232. COOPER, T. W., & SON, 10, Answell Street, Clerkenwell. Time- 
keepers for Fishermen and Sailors which cannot be damaged by water or overwound. 

233. IHLEE & HORNE, 31 Aldermanbury, London. (1) Luminous 
Paint, Balmain's Patent. (2) Luminous Life-Buoys, Fishing-net Buoys, Mooring Buoys, 
Channel Buoys, Numbers for Pilots and Fishing Boats, Compass Cards, Fishing Baits, Danger 
Notice Boards for Weirs, &c. The Fleuss' Combined Patent Diving and Noxious Gas 
Apparatus. The person using this apparatus breathes his own breath over and over again, 
the breath at each expiration being passed through a filter containing caustic soda, which robs 
it of its poisonous exhalations, and it is revivified with its complement of oxygen under pressure. 
The same apparatus is to be used for diving purposes and also for entering the hold of a ship 
on fire, where there may be dense smoke, or in mines where there may be noxious gases, in 
breweries, distilleries, sewers, &c. 

233^. THE ELECTRIC MOTOR SYNDICATE, Limited, Callow 
& Eck's Patent, 3 Copthall Buildings, Bank, E.C. Electric Bells, Indicators, and Signals for 
Marine and Domestic Use. 

235. EXCELSIOR TIN PLATE COMPANY, Gravel Lane, South- 
wark. Tins for potting fish and tins for fish markets. 



The Lightest Waterproof Garments 

ELEGANT, DURABLE, 
Complete Suit of Hat, Coat, and Leggings, 

Weighs only 11 oz. 
PRICE 30s. 



ever made. 




SOLE 

MANUFACTURERS. 



VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.C. 

ANDEESON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON. 



I 

28 Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 

236. KITE, C., & CO., Christopher Works, Chalton Street, London, N.W. 
(1) Sectional Model of Ships, showing application of Ventilators. (2) Full-Size Ship Cabin 
Stove-pipe Cap. (3) Collection of Models of Ventilating Appliances, suitable for Fishing or 
other Vessels. (4) Outlet Chimney Breast Ventilators, Wall Inlet Ventilators, and Smoke- 
curing for Chimney Caps, the effectual ventilation of fishermen's and all ordinary dwellings. 

237. HEATHORN, CAPT. T. B., E.A., 10 Wilton Place, Knightsbridge, 
London. Water Brake, of such a method and construction as greatly to increase steering and 
way-checking power. This double rudder could be used with great advantage by fishing boats, 
either when at their nets or bringing up in small crowded harbours ; also by river steamers. 
The gearing is equally applicable to double rudders in front or behind the propeller. 

238. BOYLE, ROBERT, & SON, 64 Holborn Viaduct, London, E.G., 
and at Glasgow. (1) Collection of Boyle's Patent, Fixed, Self-acting Air Pump, Waterproof, 
exhaust Ventilators ; suitable for ships, yachts, and fishing boats. (2) Collection of Boyle's 
Patent Fixed Down-cast Waterproof Ventilators for ships, yachts, and fishing boats. (3) Col- 
lection of Boyle's Patent Self- Acting Air-Pump Ventilators, different designs and sizes, suitable 
for buildings and ships. 

23&z. TURTLE AND PEARCE, 13 Duke Street, London Bridge, S.E. 
Commercial code of signals and flags of all nations printed (or pattern dyed), seamless. Flying 
lighter, holding less water when wet, designs more correctly delineated, colours brighter 
and more durable. [Western Gallery.'} 

239. WHITFIELD & HAKES, Manufacturers of Ship, Kailway, Tram- 
car, and every description of Lamps, Humber Lamp Manufactory, Commercial Eoad, 
Hull. Lamps. 

240. RUDD, W. H., Queen's Eoad, Great Yarmouth. Model of Stee] 
Warp Coiling Apparatus, adapted to steam capstan engine, for saving space and labour IE 
herring fishing boats, especially of the Yarmouth and Lowestoft class. 

24<Xi. HUTCHINSON, A., & CO., 3 & 4 Great Winchester Street, 
London, E.G. Patent Non-Slipping Stair Nosing, for yachts, steamers or offices. Cheapei 
and more durable than metal. 

241. HALL, DUNBAR, & CO., St. Ninian's Colour Works, Leith, neai 
Edinburgh. (1) Anti-fouling Composition for Ships' Bottoms. (2) Collection of Colours 
Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, Tars, Cutch, and similar articles. (3) Models of Vessel 
coated with Anti-fouling Composition. (4) Specimens of Iron Drums, &c., containg Compo- 
sition, Paints, &c. 

242. PILLEY, WILLIAM, JUN., & CO., Upper Highgate, Birmingham 
(1) Lights for Fishing Vessels. (2) Fog Horns of various kinds. 

243. PATENT FERRULE COMPANY, Sheepcote Street, Birmingham 
General Shipping Tackle. 

244. HERON, THOMAS, Gas-lighting Engineer, Pump Street Works 
London Road, Manchester; also Dublin and London. (1) Heron's Patent Coast-lighting 
Lanterns from 20 to 2000 candles. (2) Heron's Patent Perfect Gas Lamp. (3) Heron 1 ! 
Patent Duplex Gas-Burners. (4) All Kinds of Gas Lighting Appliances. 

245. BOWMAN, JAMES, 22 Square, Huntly, Aberdeenshire, N.B. (T 
Port and Starboard Side Lights. (2) Patent Binnacle Lamp for burning heavy mineral oil 
(3) Trigonal Signal Light, for small fishing boats under 20 tons. (4) Lights for Trawling 
Vessels with ruby globes and no chimey burners, same principle as Anchor Lights. (5 
Globular Anchor Light made so that if a Globe is broken a new one can be fitted in by ani 
one. (6) Improved Masthead, Side, and other Ship Lights. (7) Metallic Buoys, 12, 13 am 
14-inch for Herring Nets. 

246. LAFARGUE, ALPHONSE, Palace Chambers, 9 Bridge Street 
Westminster, S.W. (1) New Hydraulic Steering Gear for manoeuvring vessels quickly t< 
the saving of life and property at sea, thus preventing collisions and danger through fogs o: 

BOYLE'S SYSTEM OF VENTILATION 
FOR SHIPS AND BUILDINGS 

IB pronounced by the most eminent scientific and practical authorities In the kingdom to be the 
most efficient in existence. At the International Ventilation Competition, London, 1882, it was 
adjudged the Victor and awarded the Prize 60. It also gained the Gold Medal, London, 1882. 

" Since these excellent ventilators hare been Introduced we have now got perfect methods of 
ventilation." Dr. B. W. RICHAKDSON, F.R.S. 

ROBERT BOYLE AND SON, 64 Holborn Viaduct, London, and HO BothweU Street, Olasgow. 



Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 29 

otherwise. This apparatus is admirably suited for river and canal navigation, where quick, 
powerful and momentary command of the rudder is required. One man is sufficient in any 
weather to control the largest ship without the assistance of the crew when they would 
otherwise be usefully employed. 

247. HINE, PARKER & CO., 13 and 14, Milk-Street, and 24, Gresham 
Street, E.G. Fishermen's Jerseys, Stockings, &c. 

248. DYER & ROBSON, East Greenwich, London. Signalling and Life- 
Saving Apparatus. 

249. CLARBOUR, F., 150 Wellington Street, Glasgow. (1) Busch's 
Patent Gas Governors exhibited in action. Largely used by Her Majesty's War Office, Office 
of Works, Prisons Board, Post Offices, Museum, Lighthouses. 

250. BRYER & SONS, J., Late Janet Taylor & Co., 104 Minories, 
London, E.G., Manufacturers. (1) Special Night Glasses. (2) Quadrants, Sextants. (3) 
Anti- Vibrating Spirit Compasses for Steam Fish Carriers and Smacks. (4) Improved India- 
rubber Suspension Compasses for the bridge of small steamers. (5) Mercurial Barometers for 
Fishing Stations. (6) Aneroid Barometers for Smacks. (7) Signal Reading Telescopes and 
Double Glasses. (8) Signal and Side Lamps. (9) Binnacles. (10) Flags, &c. 

251. EDGINGTON, BENJAMIN, 2 Duke Street, London Bridge, 
London, S.E. (1) Sets of Signal Flags, and a Collection of National Flags. (2) Buntings of 
all colours for flag making. 

252. HARVIE, W., & CO., Broomielaw, Glasgow. (1) Fishing Boat 
Signal Lamps, red and green. (2) Anchor Lamps as used in the Navy. (3) Not under 
control Lamp. (4) Set of Bow and Masthead^ Lamps, as used in the Navy. (5) Set of Bow 
and Masthead Lamps as used in the Merchant Service. (6) Two large Lamps as used for 
ship's towing or harbour lights. (7) Large Anchor Lamps. (8) 'Tween Deck Lamps. 

253. JEOLUS WATER SPRAY CpMPANY. (1) A Working Model, 
showing action of "JEolus" driving fresh air into cabins and extracting vitiated air. (2) 
Working Model of Steam Trawler, or Carrier, showing " JUolus " driving fresh air into hold 
and extracting vitiated air. (3) Automatic Exhaust Ventilator. (4) Automatic Exhaust 
Ventilator. (5) Downcast Ventilator with waterproof shaft admitting air but excluding 
water. (6) Ditto, ditto. 

254. GRIFFITHS, BERDOE & CO. (THE SANITARY PAINT 
CO.), Limited, 34 Leadenhall Street, London, E.G. ; 51 South John Street, Liverpool. 
Specimens of Sanitary Paints for Fishing Smacks, &c. 

255. WOLFF, S. W., 75 and 76 High Street, Southampton. The 
International Code of Signal FJags, in tanned canvas pocket signal bag (including Pilot Jack), 
with printed instructions on linen for signalling at sea, and pockets for burgee, ensign, and 
signal book. 

256. STEELE, HENRY, Schoolhill, Macduff, N.B. Complete Set of 
Blocks suitable for a lug-sail herring and fishing boat. 

257. WALKER, WILLIAM, & SON, 22 Netherkirkgate, Aberdeen. (1) 
Set of Brass Dioptric Signal Lights, two brass side, one anchor, and one masthead lantern. 
(2) Set of Copper Dioptric Signal Lights, two copper side, one masthead, and one anchor 
lantern. (3) One Pair Copper Side Lamps, Clear Dioptric lense and coloured inside lenses. 
(4) Side and other Signal Lights for Boats. (5) Torch Lights or Flareups. (6) Various Fog 
Horns. (7) Galvanized Steel Buoys for fishing nets, with improved swivel arrangement. 
(8) Galvanised Steel Buoys for Deep-sea Fishing Lines. (9) Galvanized Water-Tanks. 
(10) Eugine-Koom Lamps. (11) Galvanized Water Flasks. (12) Model of Galvanized 
Steel Pan used for Barking Herring and other Nets. (13) Galvanized Herring Shovels, Salt 
Plates, &c. 

258. LUCAS, JOSEPH, & SON, Little King Street, Birmingham. 
Collection of Ship Lamps, including the Patent " Tom Bowling " Globe Lamp. 

258^. McLENNAN & OWEN, 84 Finsbury Park Koad. Patent Side 
or Steering Propeller. 

BLUNDELL'S ANTI-FOULING COMPOSITIONS 

FOB FISHINO SMACKS. 

BLUNDELL'S ANTI-FOULING COMPOSITIONS 

FOB IBON AND WOODEN VESSELS. 

BLUNDELL'S WHITE ZINC PAINT, VARNISHES, COLORS, 

OILS AND PAINTS. 

BLTJNDELL, SPENCE, & 00., Limited, HULL and LONDON, 



30 Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 

259. TROTTER, JOHN, & CO., 7 Great Winchester Street Buildings, 
London, E.G. (1) Patent Kevolving Apparatus for occulting Coast and Harbour Lights, 
constructed so as to work continuously without attention. (2) Patent Kevolving Apparatus 
for occulting Coast and Harbour Lights, fitted with oil lamp to work continuously for 14 days. 

259. ADAMS, W. M., 23 Percy Circus, W.C. Coelometer for illustrating 
Nautical Astronomy. Lent by Marine Department of Board of Trade to inventor for ex- 
hibition. 

260. BLUNDELL, SPENCE & CO., Limited, 9 Upper Thames 
Street, London; and Hull. (1) Anti-fouling Composition for Fishing Smacks. (2) Anti- 
fouling Composition for Iron Vessels. (3) Paints, White Zinc Paint, Varnishes, Colours. (4) 
Extra Boiled Baltic Linseed Oil for Tarpaulins and Oil Skins. (5) Pure Baltic Linseed Oil 
for Fishing Nets. (6) Paints, all Colours, ready mixed for use, in sealed tins. (7) Colza Oil 
for Binnacles. 

261. BOND, J., & SON, 106 Narrow Street, Limehouse, London, E. 
Blocks, Oars, Steering Gear, Capstans, &c. 

262. BURWOOD, JAMES, & CO., South Denes Road, Great Yarmouth. 

(1) Samples of Blocks used in fitting out Trawling and Drift Net. (2) Fishing Vessels at 
Great Yarmouth. 

263. HASLETT & THOMPSON, 122 Southampton Row, London. 
Ship-raising and life-saving inventions. 

264. DICKENSON, J. E., 33 Peter's Lane, Liverpool. Cabinet contain- 
ing Collection of Blocks, Deadeyes, Hardware, and fittings suitable for Fishing and Trawl 
Boats, Steam or Sail ; also Internal Bindings for Blocks, Patent and Metalline Brushes, &c. 

265. NOBLE, ALEXANDER, late SEAMAN, 55 Hanover Street, 
Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. Model Carriage for Drawing Boats up from the Sea, also for 
launching them. 

266. ROLLO, JAMES, Mason, Fraserburgh, N.B. A Model for Drawing 
up and Launching Fishing Boats. 

267. INDESTRUCTIBLE PAINT COMPANY, 27 Cannon Street, E.G. 
Paints for the preservation of Ships, Fishing Smacks, &c. Ready mixed for use for all climates 
and for every kind of purpose. Browning's Patent Solution for preserving casts or models of 
Fish, Molluscs, Fishing Utensils, &c. 

268. WELLS, WILLIAM, 50 Commercial Street, Leith, N.B. (1) Marine 
Glue. (2) Anti-Fouling Composition. (3) Elastic Cement for inside Marine Boilers, for pre- 
venting leakage and pitting. Composition for preventing Nets, Lines, Bladders from Rot. 

269. DAY, WILLIAM, & CO., Patentees, Manufacturers and Con- 
tractors, Blackheath, London, S.E, (1) Specimen Jar and Basket Patent Composition Paint. 

(2) Specimen Plates coated with Patent Black Varnish for preservative or 1st coating of the 
outside bottoms of fishing smacks, &c. Ditto, Patent Metallic Composition for 2nd coating to 
prevent fouling. Ditto, Patent Enamel Paint, Marine Cement, &c. 

270. HUBBUCK, THOMAS, & SON, 24 Lime Street, London. (1) 
Composition for Ships' and Fishing Vessels' Bottoms, to prevent fouling. (2) Paints, Oils, and 
Varnishes. 

271. STAVERS, G., The Jerusalem Exchange, Cornhill, London, E.C. 
(1) Two Half-Models, fitted with fish fin rudders. (2) " Fish Fin Rudders," for the safe 
steering of ocean steamers when the main rudder becomes disabled ; and also for increased 
steering power when in the Suez Canal or other narrow waters. 

272. CATOR, R. P., REAR-ADMIRAL, Langley Farm, Beckenham, 
Kent. Alarm Buoy (Self-acting). For denoting the position of the ship ahead, when 
steaming in column in a fog. The buoy is towed astern, the same distance as the ships are 
apart : its progress through the water causes a revolving screw to act on the bell ; thus each 
ship, keeping the buoy close to her, knows the exact position of her next ahead. 

J, E, DICKINSON, 

BLOCKMA-KEIfc ArSTI> SHIP* SMITH, 

* 33, PETER'S LANE, HANOVER STREET, LIVERPOOL. 
Manufacturer by Special Machinery and Steam Power of Blocks, &c.> 
for every description of Vessel and purpose. Also of Patent Internal 
Block Bindings, and Metalline Bushed Sheaves. 

N.B. Special Ttrms to Shipbuilders and for Export. 



Great Britain Division VLEast Arcade, SI 

273. SAX, JULIUS, 108 Great Kussell Street, Bloomsbury, London, W.C. 
Electrical Signals for Vessels. 

273. CAMERON, MAJOR E. H., 106 Herbert Road, Woolwich. Damp- 
proof Matches, which can "be put in water [for any ^period of time without ^destroying their 
inflammability. 

274. BARRY & CO., 70 and 71 Bishopsgate Street, E.G. Lifeboat 
davits and chocks, showing how easily and simply any sized boat can be put into the water in 
less than a minute, with crew and passengers in the boat. 

275. BISHOP, E., Portland Road, South Norwood. Refrigerators for pre- 
serving Fish and Meat : no ice required. 

276. BECK & CO., Limited, 130 Great Suffolk Street, Southwark, London. 
Fog-horns to be seen in action in the Machinery Division. 

277. BAPTY, S. L., 65 Blackheath Road, Greenwich. (1) Collection of 
Klinkerfue's Patent Weather Compass. This instrument is a very ingenious combination of 
the barometer and hygrometer, giving a forecast of the approaching weather, based on the 
barometric pressure and the amount of moisture in the air. (2) One Log suitable for use by 
fishermen. (3) Seamen's Apparel. 

278. LANCASTER, CHARLES, 151 New Bond Street, W. Guns, rifles 
and pistols. 

27&z. NEEDHAM, ARTHUR J., 14 The Terrace, Hammersmith. Need- 
ham's Ejector and Magazine Gun for the use of crews, especially in the whale fishery. 

279. BODILL, PARKER & CO., Great Hampton Row, Birmigham. 
(1) Samples of Thimbles for Sails, Brass, and Iron. (2) Iron Shackles for rigging. (3) Iron 
Boat-hooks. (4) Iron Boat Eowlocks. (5) Lamps for Smacks. (6) Fog-horn Bellows. 
(7) "Wooden Bulls'-eyes for Kigging. (8) Equipment of Fishing Vessels. 

27ga. WALSH, J. W., Soho Glass Works, Birmingham. Coloured and Deck 
lights. 

280. WALKER, THOMAS, & SON, 58 Oxford Street, Birmingham. 
(1) Ships' Logs. (2) Sounding Machines. (3) Log and Halyard Lines. (4) Bar Magnets. 
(5) Magnetic Needles. (6) Lenses for Ship Lights. 

281. GREENWAY, CLIVE, VALE & CO., The People's Hall Works, 
Birmingham. (1) Ship Locks and Brassfoundry. (2) Ship Signal, Saloon, Berth, Engine 
Boom, Deck and other Lamps and Lanterns. (3) Side Lights. (4) Guns, Cannonade, 
Mortars and Carriages, Bells, Belfreys. (5) Portable Rivet Forges, Ship Chandlery of every 
kind. (6) Cork Fenders. (7) Life Buoys, Belts and Jackets. (8) Signal Balls. (9) Flash 
Lights, Eockets and Blue Lights. (10) Bellows and other Fog Horns. (11) Snipping 
Tackle. (12) Whip Gins, &c. 

282. NUNN, WILLIAM, & CO., Neptune Works, 204, 205, & 206, St. 
George's Street, London, E. (1) Two sets of Signal Lamps. (2) Collection of Barometers and 
Compasses. (3) Collection of Jimble and Cabin Lamps. (4) Set of Webb's Patent Deck 
Lights. (5) Sundry Lamps and Fittings for Smacks and Herring Boats. (6) Patterns of 
Blocks, Masthooks, &c., for Fishing Boats. 

282. PARTRIDGE & COOPER, 192 Fleet Street, E.G. Copying 
Machine for daily fish price Msts. 

283. PROUT, S., Silver Street, Regent Street, W. Patent Dubbin for 
softening and waterproofing fishermen's boots. 

283^. CHADBURN & SON, 96 Fenchurch Street, E.G., & 71-73 Lord 
Street, Liverpool. Ships' Engine and Steering Telegraphs. 

284. WARNER, JOHN, & SON, The Crescent Foundry, Cripplegate, 
E.G. (1) A 12-inch Turned and Polished Ship's Bell mounted in bronzed cast-iron dolphin 
frame. (2) A 12-inch Turned and Polished Ship's Bell, mounted in polished brass scroll 
frame. (3) A 12-inch Turned and Polished Ship's Bell, with polished brass brackets to hang 
dead. (4) An 8-inch Turned and Polished Ship's Bell, with polished brass brackets to swing. 

GREENWAY, CLIVE, VALE & CO., 

MANUFACTORIES OF 

SHIP LOCKS and BRASS FOUNDRY, 

Signal, Saloon, Berth and other Ship Laanpt, Shipping Tackle, &d 

THE PEOPLE'S HALL WORKS, 

LOVEDAY STREET, 
AND PLUME WORKS, NECHELLS, J 

(.See above.) 




32 Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 

(5) A 9-inch Turned and Polished Ship's Bell, in polished brass standard frame. (6) A 
12-inch Turned and Polished Gong Bell, on polished brass standard. (7) A 2-feet Bell Metal 
Flat Pays Fog Gong. (8) A 2-feet Bell Metal Chinese Fog Gong. (9) A 2-feet, 3-cwt. 
Trinity House Buoy Bell. 

285. MASSEY, J. EDWARD, Original Inventor, 17 Chadwell Street, 
Clerkenwell, London. E.G. (1) Logs and Sounding Machines (Patent) for use on board ship, 
some of these logs having their registering indicator on Deck. (2) Machines for ascertaining the 
rates of currents and streams. (3) Working Models and Parts illustrative of same and con- 
veying technical information as to the construction and working of such machines. 

286. CHORLTON & DUGDALE, 19 Blackfriars Street, Manchester. 
" Excelsior " Spring Single, Double & Hinged Berths. " Excelsior " Hinged Berths in Model 
of Cabin. 

287. WILSON, T., & CO., Stowmarket. (1) Protected Alkaline Com- 
position. For removing paint and varnish from decks, cabins, &c., without injury to wood or 
repainting. (2) Protected Alkaline Composition, No. 2. For all cleaning purposes. Eukar- 
thon. A new and effectual preparation for cleaning glass roofs of smiths' shops, &c. Speci- 
mens of work exhibited. 

288. GREGORY, JAMES, Portland Works, Lincoln. A Continuous 

Screw " Coilable Screw Hoist," for raising fishing or any other vessels of whatever weight or 
dimensions. (2) An Obtuse-Angled Riddle, encased in a frame on four legs, forming stool for 
cabin. The riddle when required will be useful for the following purposes : riddling ashes 
from stoves, washing vegetables, and cleansing all deseriptions of shell-fish. 

289. HEATH & CO., Limited, 28 Fenchurch Street, London, E.G. 
(1) Patent Composite Arc and " Duplex" Sextants and Octants. Patent "Argus," " Duplex," 
Oriental," and other Binocular Glasses. (2) Fisherman's Binocular Glass. (3) Fisherman's 
"Life Buoy" Aneroid and other Barometers. (4) Fisherman's Boat Spirit Compass and 
other Compasses. (5) Fisherman's and other Pocket Compasses. (6) The " London Polaris," 
the "Transparent" Course Corrector. Bain and Ainsley's Corrector, and other deviation 
detectors. McKenzie's Patent Protractor and rule, and other Nautical Instruments. (7) 
Fisherman's " Luminous Compasses. (8) New Patent " Taffrail '* Log. 

290. DOLLOND & CO., Saint Paul's Churchyard, London, E.G. 
Established 1750. (1) The Fisherman's Aneroid Barometer, as supplied to the Eoyal 
National Lifeboat Institution. (2) The Marine Aneroid Barometer, as supplied to the Ship- 
wrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Benevolent Society. (3) Telescopes as used by Pilots, 
Whalers, Captains, and others ; also those supplied to the Trinity service for use on board all 
Light Ships and in all Light Houses. (4) Sextants. (5) Artificial Horizons. (6) Night 
Binoculars. (7) An Electric Ship's Log, by means of which the speed of a ship through the 
water is registered on board in any number of places at the same instant. (8) Liquid Com- 
passes for small craft. (9) Deep-Sea Thermometers. (10) Electric Anemometers. 

291. UTLEY, THOMAS, 79 Cameron Street, off Needham Road, 
Liverpool. (1) Two Deck Ventilators. (2) Hatch Combing Ventilator. (3) Model of 
Hatchway fitted. (4) Port-hole Ventilator. (5) Stoke-hole Ventilator. (6) Amidships 
State Room Ventilator. 

292. THOMAS, E. C. G., National Club, Whitehall Gardens. Marine 
Motor for Electric Light on Vessel or Buoy. By an accumulator the work of 24 hours is 
stored for use at night. Connection is made and broken automatically at sunset and dawn. 
(2) Model of Harbour for fishery purposes, consisting of a floating breakwater or outer 
harbour, as an anchorage at all times of tide and weather ; an inner harbour with wharves, 
the sea walls so placed as to form a well defined entrance, and constructed in such a form as 
to admit additional wave water, and thus make the outgoing tide completely overpower the 
incoming one in its action on the bar at the mouth of any river or creek. This action, aided 
by the automatic submarine dredge, permanently sweeps away the bar and prevents it from 
reforming. (3) Submarine self-acting Dredge for clearing away bar from river mouths. 
Every outgoing tide propels the dredge, and carries away the silt or sand. (4) Permanent 
self-bury Anchor. Unlike ordinary anchors, as it is intended never to be heaved again, but 



CHARLES LANCASTER, 

INVENTOR OF 

THE HOH-FODLIHG SMOOTH OYAL-BORE FOR ALL KINDS OF RIFLES. 

INVENTOR AND PATENTEE OF 

THE FOUR-BARREL BREECH-LOADING HAMMERLE88 GUNS, RIFLES, & PISTOLS. 

Detailed Price "Lists on application. 
I$l NEW BOND STREET, LONDON, W. 



Great Britain Division VI. East Arcade. 33 

to take root and become a fixture, for use with light vessels, beacons, floating breakwaters. 
(5) Green way Buoy, half size. A row of these buoys form the breakwater. These detached 
portions of the breakwater cleave the waves, and turn the cleft portions against each other, 
thus causing them to expend their force innocuously, and creating a safe anchorage behind. 
Each buoy creates its own electric light and carries a fog bell. (6) Model of Greenway 
Breakwater as a harbour of refuge on the coast. Purely a shelter harbour for use during 
storm, or when low tide prevents ingress to a neighbouring port, may be constructed in three 
months, at small cost, and affording any depth of water the largest vessel can require. If 
repeated every fifty miles along the coast it would almost prevent shipwreck, and save one 
thousand lives a year. (7) Model of Greenway Breakwater as a harbour of refuge on the 
Dogger Bank, or other fishing resort, where fishing boats might have shelter for a few hours 
at any time without losing days by leaving the banks for the coast and its fatal high tide 
harbours ; where might lie permanently a store vessel from which smacks might temporarily 
refit ; and which would form a port of call for the steamers sent out by smack owners 
to collect the fish. (8) Model of Greenway Breakwater as supplementing existing harbour 
works, protecting the existing stone piers, and thus obviating the necessity for frequent repairs 
as at Wick (where the sea overturned a massive coping of 800 tons in one block), Plymouth, 
&c., and creating an additional outer anchorage. (9) Model of Greenway Breakwater shelter- 
ing a lighthouse, and giving access to them at all times. Thus preventing the chance of the 
starvation of the men and extinction of the lights as almost occurred recently at three of the 
most important lighthouses Calf, Wolf, and Eddystone. (10) Model of Greenway Breakwater 
protecting a coast threatened by marine encroachment, at far less cost and more permanently 
than a continuous sea-wall often needing repair. 

293. SMITH, W., & SONS, Managers, Newmill Ironworks, Elgin, N.B. (1) 
Net Hauler and Capstan Combined (Hand Power). (2) For Hauling Nets used on Herring 
Fishing Boats and others, setting up the Masts, Sails, &c., with friction appliance for paying 
out nets in rough weather. 

294. PAIN, JAMES, 1 St. Mary Axe, London, E.G., Works, Mitchara, 
Surrey. (1) Eockets and Lights, as used by the principal Fishing Fleets for night signalling 
in the United Kingdom, &c. (2) Red, Green, and White Meteor Eockets for Signalling. (3) 
Pain's Patent Coloured Lights, various colours. (4) Coloured Lights shooting out a number 
of Stars. (5) Pain's Patent Distress Signal. (6) Board of Trade Regulation Eockets. (7) 
Flannel Cartridges. (8) Various Signals. (9) Eockets for Explosive Charges, as supplied 
to Hon. Trinity Corporation and Irish Lights. (10) Blue, Eed, and Green Lights. (11) 
Meteor Eockets as used by National Lifeboat Institution, &c. 

295. PICKWELL, ROBERT, Civil Engineer, Bowlally Lane, Hull. 
Three Self-Eegistering Ships' Compasses and Stands complete. Keeps an exact record of 
every steered course, and duration of all courses, &c. 

296. LEEMAN, JOSEPH, Aberdeen. Model of an "Automatic Ships' 
Boat Eeleasing Apparatus " (patented) whereby both ends are simultaneously disengaged from 
and clear of the ship's tackles, the instant the boat is water-borne. There are no hooks to 
entangle anything, and no setting up of fore and aft lines is required to secure its automatic 
action. 

297. SELF-OPENING TIN-BOX COMPANY, (Griffin's Patents), 
G. Featherstone Griffin, Manager, 19 Kirby Street, Hatton Garden, London, E.G. A 
Collection of Tin Boxes, Cases, &c., for preserved fish, which can be opened in a moment 
without cutting or damage to the boxes or their contents. 

298. ARCHER, THOMAS, JUN., Dunston Engine Works, Gateshead- 
on- Tyne. (1) Archer's Patent Self-holding Steering Gear. Self-holding against any forco 
on the rudder by means of differential gear, whereby the steersman is relieved from the 
danger of back-lash on the wheel, and whereby the true course of the vessel is maintained. 
Suitable for Steamers, Tug Boats, Fishing Boats, or Life-Boats. (2) Also Archer's Patent 
Compressors or Stoppers and Winches for holding wire hawsers. 

299. MACDONALD, JOHN H. A.,:15 Abercromby Place, Edinburgh. 
Holophote Course Indicator for Ships (Electric), enabling a ship by sweeps of a reflector, to 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON. 

INDIA-RUBBER & OILSKIN CLOTHING 

Works : M A M 1 1 C A PT 1 1 R C D Q 37 > Q ueen Victoria Street, 

Limehouae, London, E. lYIANUrAu I UntttO. London, KG. 

SEE SAMPLES IN EXHIBITION. 



34 Great Britain. Division VI. East Arcade. 

indicate what holm she is on to approaching vessels. An automatic electric controlling gear 
ensures that the light cannot be swept round, except in accordance witli the course being 
steered. 

300. DAVIS, JOSEPH, & CO., Fitzroy Works, Kennington Park .Road, 
London, S.E. (1) Royal Polytechnic Barometer, in which is incorporated the Admiral 
Fitzroy's " Prize Medal " Barometer, simplified and improved. (2) A Collection of ditto, in 
various Patterns and Woods. (3) Marine Barometers. (4) Aneroid Barometer, specially 
made for fishermen. (5) A Collection of Aneroid Barometers. (6) Compasses. (7) Tele- 
scopes and Marine Glasses. (8) Salinometers and Specific Gravity Tests. (9) Thermometers 
and Scientific Instruments. 

300. STEVEN BROTHERS & COMPANY, 35 Upper Thames Street, 
London. (1) Yacht and Cabin Stoves. (2) Ships' Hearths, &c. 

301. PEACOCK & BUCHAN, Southampton and London. (1) Anti-foul 
ing Composition for Fishing Vessels' Bottoms. (2) Beady Mixed Paint for Sea Stores. 

30I. CONSTANTINE, S. J., 61 Fleet Street, E.G. (1) Ships* Cooking 
ranges. (2) Yacht and Cabin stoves and cooking utensils. 

3016. CASELLA, L., 147 Holborn, E.G. (i) Iron Bottle. (2) Plug 
(broken). (3) Steel Bar. (4) Glass Disc. (5) Casella Miller Deep Sea Thermometer. (6) 
Specimens broken, 6 pieces. (7) Casella Miller Deep Sea Thermometer by T. Y. Buchanan. 
(8) Piezometer ditto. 

302. FRASER, A. B., & CO., 6 New Quay, Liverpool. Patent "Acme" 
Fresh-water Distilling Apparatus, suitable for Troop, Passenger and Cattle Ships, Whaling 
and Deep Sea Fishing Vessels. Sanctioned and approved by the Board of Trade. 

303. CORNWALL, COMMITTEE FOR. For details, see page 126. 

3030. MACKENZIE, CAPT. H. SOMERSET, K.N., 4 Great St. 
Helens, E.C. Universal Hand Power Winch. Mackenzie Vivian Patent. 

304. MORRISON, WILLIAM, & SONS, Engineers, Jane Street, Leith, 
Scotland. (1) Patent Improved Steam Apparatus for hauling and working the nets of fish- 
ing boats. (2) Two Patent Net-hauling Machines for hand use. (3) Two Masthead Blocks 
for Wire Rope. 

305. DREW & CABMAN, 245 and 246 High Holborn, London. Glass 
Lenses, bulls'-eye-cut in prism for ships' lamps and signals, Glasses for Barometers and Com- 
pass Cases, Cut and Polished Deck Lights in metal frames. Fish Aquariums and Water 
Tanks in metal frames and plate glass. All kinds of Plain, Ornamental and Bevelled Mirrors 
in metal frames for cabins, saloons, &c. All kinds of Glass Show Cases for preserving or 
display of stuffed fish. Books, Fishing Tackle, &c., specially prepared for hot and cold climates. 

306. LIARDET, JOHN EVELYN, 14 Fenchurch Street, London, 
E.C. (1) Four Fluked Hinged Anchor, 12 cwt. (2) Three Fluked Hinged 
Anchor. (3) Automatic Mushroom Hinged Anchor, 10 cwt. (4) Spring and Double- Acting 
Windlass, for all Trawlers, Tugs, and other Ships, to be worked by steam or hand power. 
(5) Towing Spring with Hook, 60 Ibs. (6) Four-Bladed Propellers, 50 Ibs. (7) Six-Bladed 
Propellers, 50 Ibs. (8) " Kule of the Road of the Sea." Electric Warning, to ring One Bell 
when the ship is on Port course, and Two Bells, or a Bell and a Gong for Starboard course. 
Will Light the Port or Starboard Lights, at the Masthead, and a Blue Stern Light, in 
addition to the Bells, to show the position of the ship at night, to be acted on direct by the 
rudder, to prevent collisions at sea. (9) Ship's Log. (10) Boat Lowering Gear and Dis- 
engaging Gear. (11) Spring Link for taking off the snapping and breaking of Cables, 
Hawsers, Ropes, &c. (12) Complete Working Model, built according to plan with case, of a 
Double Ram Steel-Clad Full-rigged Ship, to act as a Guard Ship for protecting Fishing 
Boats. Designed 1853. (13) Geometrical Drawings of Iron or Steel Tubular Floating 
Harbours of Refuge for all purposes, being a fourth the cost of stone or masonry work. (14) 
Spring to attach to tiller to relieve strain on rudder. [Western Gallery. ,] 

"LAND AND WATER " says 

" Messrs. BENJAMIN'S Establishment is quite a 
Tailoring Museum. Sportsmen and Sportswomen in 
particular can find everything here in the way of Sporting 
and Outdoor Apparel." 

ULSTER HOUSE, CONDUIT STREET, W- 



Great Britain Division VII. West Gallery. 



306. WILSON ENGINEERING COMPANY, Holborn, London. 
(1) Stoves for Yachts and Ships. (2) Fish-Cooking Utensils. [Machinery in Motion Building.'] 

3066. GILDING & SILVERING COMPANY, 89 Edgware Road, 
London, W. S. Gorer, Manager. (1) Specimens of Fish Knives and Forks. (2) " Mermaid " 
Saltcellar. [Machinery in Motion Building."] 

3060. ELECTRICAL FUZE AND SOUND SIGNAL COMPANY. 
57 Gracechurch Street, E.G. (1) Samples of high tension and low tension Electrical Fuzes for 
firing sound signal rockets, torpedoes, submarine mines and blasting charges. (2) Electrical 
Gun Fuzes. (3) Firing Apparatus for lighthouses and for volley-firing. (4) Kockets with sound 
signals adopted by Trinity House : and halyard and ground signals, gun and mortar signals. 

306^. LIARDET, LESLIE, Consulting Engineer, 14 Eenchurcli Street, 
London, E.G. Automatic boat-detaching gear, both hooks release simultaneously either with 
line or lever rods. Self-acting. [Western Gallery.'] 

3o6e. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY. 
For details, see No. 14ft, p. 9. 

306/. HARPER & CO., Albion Ironworks, Aberdeen. " The Fisher Boy." 
Patent Double-Gearing Net-Hauler, for hauling nets, raising masts, &c., &c. [Western Gallery. ~\ 

DIVISION VIL [West Gallery.'} See Plan, p. 76. 
Models of harbours, piers and slips, for fishing purposes. 

308. LIARDET, JOHN EVELYN, 8 Breakspear Road, Wickham Park, 
Brockley, S.E. (1) Drawings of Harbours of Eefuge. (2) Wreck Chart of Great Britain 
and Ireland. 

309. GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY COMPANY, A. A. Langley, 
Chief Engineer, Liverpool Street Station, E.G. Model of Lowestoft Harbour and Fish 
Markets. 

310. STUART & CO., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh, and Church Row, 
Limehouse, London, E. Patent Granolithic Steps for Harbours. More durable than stone, 
and can be made at about half the price. Tensile strain, 355'55 Ibs. per square inch. 
Leverage strain Granolithic step carried 1 ton 13 cwt., without breaking ; Craigleith stone 
step broke with a load of 12f cwts. 

311. ABERDEEN HARBOUR COMMISSIONERS, per William 
Smith, Harbour Engineer, Aberdeen. (1) Model of Harbour constructed of timber and 
glass. (2) Four cases, photographic views of Aberdeen Harbour. 

312. CATHCART, LADY GORDON. Model of Buchie (Cluny) Harbour. 
3I2a. TAYLOR, ALEXANDER. Model of Sandhaven Harbour. Scale 

1 in. to 20 ft. [In Eastern Arcade.'] 

315. LUMSDEN, CAPTAIN RpBERT, 12 Maiden Street, Peterhead. 
Model of Peterhead Harbours and Bays, showing plan for Harbour of Refuge in South Bay. 

315^. THOMAS, E. C. G., care of Messrs. King & Co., 65 CornhilL 
Dover Harbour protected by Greenway Breaker. 

DIVISION VIII. [West end of North Gallery. ,] See Plan, p. 52. 
Fishing tackle and netting in different stages of preparation, and 
machinery used for working up the raw material. 

316. PATENT AUTOMATIC KNITTING MACHINE COMPANY, 

417 Oxford Street, London. Knitting Machine for Manufacturing Bibbed Stockings, Jerseys, 
&c., &c. 

317. MANCHESTER COTTON COMPANY, 51 Corporation Street, 
Manchester. Manchester Lines. 

318. LONDON AND LEICESTER HOSIERY COMPANY, 

Limited, 41, Charterhouse Square, London, E.G., and Winifred Street, Leicester. (1) Fisher- 
men's Jackets, Guernseys, and Stockings, and the machinery for producing the same. (2) 

BUT YOUK WADEES FKOM THE MAKERS, 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & AHDHSOf?, 

India Rubber Manufacturers, 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.C. 

D 2 



36 Great Britain Division VIILWest End of North Gallery. 

One Knitting Machine, for Fishermen's Jackets and Guernseys. Diam. 12 in. 120 Needles. 
(3) One Knitting Machine, for Fishermen's Jackets and Guernseys. Diam. 12 in. 180 
Needles. (4) One Griswold's Stocking Knitter for Fishermen's Overstockings, coarse gauges. 
Diam. 5J in. 60 Needles. (5) One Griswold's Stocking Knitter. Diam. 3 in. 52 Needles. 
(6) One Griswold's Stocking Knitter. Diam. 3| in. 60 Needles. (7) One Griswold's Stock- 
ing Knitter. Diam. 4J in. 52 Needles. (8) One Griswold's Stocking Knitter. Diam. 4J in. 
60 Needles. (9) One Griswold's Stocking Knitter. Diam. 4 in. 72 Needles. (10) Ono 
Griswold's Stocking Knitter on Pedestal. Diam. 4 in. 84 Needles. (11) Sundry Appara- 
tus and Samples of Goods made on above Machines. 

319. SMEETON, GEORGE FRED., Stoney Eoyd Mills, Halifax, 

Yorkshire. Twines made of cotton, suitable for nets and other purposes. 

320. SUGDEN & FAULKNER, Lords Chambers, Corporation Street, 
Manchester, and Granville Mills, Walkden, near Bolton, Cotton Doublers, and Manufacturers 
of all kinds of Cotton Fish Net Yarns. Collection of samples of Fish Net Yarns. 

321. LOWDON, JAMES, & CO., Fish Merchants, Fraserburgh, N.B. 

Model of apparatus for barking nets by steam. 

322. SCOTT, DAVID, Kinnaird Head Lighthouse, Fraserburgh. Appara- 
tus for tightening backropes of herring nets. 

324. JONES, W., 10 Eastbro, Scarborough. (1) Model of Apparatus for 
Tanning, Tarring, &c., for fishing nets, warps and gear, with specimens of goods which have been 
subjected to the above method. (2) Samples of Hemps used in making fishing lines and 
twines and ropes, as imported, also dressed and manufactured. 

326. TEGETMEIER, WILLIAM B., Field Office, 346 Strand, W.C. 
An educational series, showing the various knots and contrivances employed in the arts of 
netting and braiding and in the construction and repair of the various nets used in marine and 
fresh-water fisheries. 

328. EDGINGTON, BENJAMIN, London Bridge Works, S.E. Tents 
and Clothing. 

329. SAMSON, GERARD, & SON, Grove Iron Works, Bridport, 
Dorset. Loom for making Fishing Nets. 

330. HELYEAR, THOMAS, West Street, Bridport. Machine for 
manufacture of Nets for Mackerel, Pilchard, or Herring fishery. 

331. HARRISON, WILLIAM, 128 Portland Street, Manchester. In 
operation: (1) One " Harrison " Stocking "Knitter. 6 inches bed. 84 Needles. (2) One 
" Harrison " Stocking Knitter. 8 inches bed. 110 Needles. (3) One " Harrison " Stocking 
Knitter. 16 inches bed. 224 Needles. (4) One "Harrison" Triplex Knitter. 19| inches 
bed. 274 Needles. (5) Two Knitted Fisherman's Suit. (6) Six Knitted Fisherman's Jerseys. 
(7) Six Knitted Fisherman's Caps. The knitter of 6 inches bed shows a method of knitting 
twice the width of needle bed by an open attachment. The knitter 16 inches needle bed 
shews a method of compressing it into a small machine by an adjustable crank, &c. The 
knitter " Triplex " will knit two stockings simultaneously, and also is convertible to knit a 
fisherman's jersey 40 inches diameter, tubular and seamless. All the " Harrison " knitters will 
knit jackets, fisherman's jerseys, pants, caps, and overstockings in any fancy pattern, which is 
produced by the capability of the " Harrison " to cross the needles in a parallel line to produce 
a double web, and knits fashioned, seamless, or tubular, from half inch to 40 inches wide. 

332. BARBOUR, WILLIAM, & SONS, Hilden Flax Mills, Lisburn, 
Ireland. (1) Hemp and Flax Netting Twines. (2) Linen Threads for Net Making. (3) 
Salmon Netting Threads. (4) Sturgeon Twine for Net Making. (5) Gilling Threads. (6) 
Best Irish Flax Threads for Net Making. (7) Seaming and Hoping Twines. (8) Seine 
Twines. (9) Linen Yarns. (10) Hemp Yarns. 

333. RUSSELL, CAMERON, 30 Little Trinity Lane, Queen Victoria 
Street, London, E.G. Tents adapted for camping in any climate, viz. : (1) " The Portable 
Box," best flax outer covering, dressed, moveable woollen lining, impervious to wet and cold. 
(2) " The Cottage Tent," with moveable fly and walls of various designs for hot climates ; 

" II A II It I *0\ * I 4M I* I \- KNITTER. 

THE LATEST PATENT PRIZE MEDAL KNITTER. 

Great many Preferential Orders received at the Fisheries. 

SOLDIBRS' DAUGHTERS' HOME, HAMPSTKAD, Office, No. 7, Whitehall, 20th May, 1883. 
DKAR SIB, The Schoolmistress of the London Soldiers' Daughters' Home has inspected one of 
your Stocking Knitters, at the Fisheries Exhibition, and has reported so favourably upon it that lam 
induced to request that you will send one to the Home Class 2, 13 13. 

We have had a round knitter in use for more th*n a year, but the Schoolmistreu, who IB aa 
expert knitter, reports that the " Harrison " hia manj tfreat advantages ovr it. 

I remain, dear Sir, yours faitbfaUy, J. T. BOILEAU, M}*r-GBr*L, 

8. ~ 



Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 37 

waterproof and recommended for simplicity of construction, durability, lightness, and cost. 
(3) Ditto examples, shewing small compass in which they can be packed. (4) Jointed poles 
of own design. (5) Sailcloth. (6) Camping Furniture. (7) Jenner's Lemon Saline, an 
effectual remedy for sea sickness or scurvy ; also other maritime necessaries. 

333. GRIMSBY COAL SALT AND TANNING COMPANY. 

For details, see No. Ui, p. 10. 

DIVISION IX. [Life-boat Shed.] See Plan, p. 38. 

Lifeboats, their equipment, and life-saving apparatus of every 

description. 

%* In Life Boat Gallery, immediately to the north of, and parallel with, the British Deep 

Sea Fisheries Gallery. 

336. GRAY, J. W., & SON, 115, Leadenhall Street, E.G.. (1) " Whitby " 

Patent Day and Night Life-buoy for use on steamers and yachts. (2) Model showing Internal 
Sections of the Buoy. The " Whitby " Buoy, made in twelve water-tight compartments, has 
a buoyancy capable of supporting four people. When released a wire running through a tube 
is detached, and on its reaching the water ignition takes place. The Buoy is also fitted with 
flags, whistle, and a flask for stimulants. 

337. DENT, EDWIN, 6 New Saint Mark Street, Dansome Lane, Hull. 
(1) Model of Lifeboat about 20 inches. (2) Life Belt (model) with an arrangement for 
keeping crews together in case of wreck. 

338. YOUNG, LAMBTON, C.E.,16 Harcourt Terrace, Kedcliffe Square, 
London, S. W. A glass case conta ning two models of life-saving surf boats to do duty off coast 
bathing places for protection of bathers. These 16-ft. boats will, when full of water, support 
12 people in safety, and can be managed by one man with ease. The rollers at the stern of 
these boats are to enable one to pull a body on board the boat with the least amount of 
resistance, thus saving both time (which is of such vital importance), and avoiding the injury 
to the ribs and other parts of the body, which often happens by being pulled iu over the 
gunwale. 

339. SIMON, JOHN, Buo Ponderense, St. Martin, Guernsey. Model of 
Lifeboat or Fishing boat. 

340. BOYD, WILLIAM, F.R.S.A., Peterhead, N.B. Model of the 'raft 
constructed for saving life on the occurrence of the wreck of the French frigate " Medusa," 
with shears, sail, and steering apparatus adapted to it for the purpose of showing how a raft 
suitable for the rescue of a shipwrecked crew may be steered. With stand. 

341. HICKS, JOHN, 6, Breed's Place, Hastings. Model of a Ship's 
Unsinkable Life Haft. 

342. ApHESON, JOSEPH, Ballyane Park, New Eoss, Co. Wexford. 
Model of Fisherman's Lifeboat. Any and every open boat can thus be easily and cheaply 
made unsinkdble ; being bulk-headed and decked, level with thwarts, air-tight, bow and stern. 
Fishing boats thus fitted can be used for saving life from ships in distress, carrying double 
weight of persons, even when full of water. 

342. POCOCK BROS., 235 Southwark Bridge Eoad, S.E. Life-saving 
Raft to be used as a bed on board ship. 

343. GRIFFITH, REES MORRIS, Bridlington, East Yorks. Model- 
Griffith's Folding Life-Saving and Transporting Eaft, in seven sections so as to take up a 
quarter the room when not in use, each section is an air chamber, with india-rubber tubing 
as extra buoyancy. For use on passenger and other ships in case of fire, collision, &c., where 
despatch is important, everything required for propelling, &c., folds up with it. 

343. HUDSON, ROBERT, Blyth, Northumberland. Model of Life 
Boat. This model is 3 ft. 9 in. long with 10| inches beam. The boat has seven water- 
tight compartments, composed of three skins: 1st, longitudinal; 2nd, cork, upright; 3rd, 
diagonal. Improved hollow draught, and air-tight compartments alongside. 

INDIA-RUBBER OEGK BOOTS 

OF EVERT SIZE AND DESCRIPTION. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

INDIA-RUBBER MANUFACTURERS, 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



Great Britain Division, IX. Life-boat Shed. 



LIFE SAVING 



UNITED STATES 



LIFE BOATS 



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| ASSOCIATION 











HEDGCOCK, F. J., 34 Great Ormond Street, Queen's Square, 
London. Model of Life-saving Raft, used as locker and seat ; especially adapted for use on 
mail and emigrant vessels, can be kept provisioned and supplied with, life-buoys, swing 
compass, sail and rocket-tube, ready for immediate use. When not required as a raft, forms 
a useful locker and seat. When required for use the sides are folded out and the stretchers 
fastened across, at once producing a raft of simple adaption and enormous floating power. 
Certificate of merit, Life-Saving Appliance Exhibition, Alexandra Palace, 1882. 

345. HUMBLE, WILLIAM, & SON, Limekiln Shore, North Shields. 

(1) Cork Life Buoys. (2) Cork Life Jackets. (3) Life-boat, framed with wood, and built of 
cork, If inch from keel to gunwale, with air-tight deck and ends, has four tubes, which makea 
her unsinkable. (4) Long Line Floats. (5) Cork Folding Chair. (6) Cork Fenders. 

346. HAMBLIN, NATHANIEL, JUN., 57 Bow Lane, Poplar, London, 
E. (1) Model of a self-righting Life-boat, partly ejecting water from her, fitted with provision 
tank and fresh water tank. Air buoyancy easily removed in event of damage to boat, or 
thrown overboard to assist others floating, for the use of ships, yachts, &c., fitted with entirely 
new disengaging gear. (2) Life Saving Apparatus, frame of boat fitted to frame showing an 
instantaneous Boat Disengaging Gear to be seen in action, fitted to any boat for ships or yachts. 

347. TEASDEL, WILLIAM, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, 
Norfolk. (1) Model of Lifeboat. (2) Model of Surf Lifeboat. (3) Model of Sailing Life- 
boat and Carriage. (4) Model of Lifeboat Carriage. (5) Model of Punt for laying anchor 
for getting off Lifeboat. (6) Model of Lifeboat with increased stability and buoyancy. 

348. BAHARIE & ADAMSON, 7 Lawrence Street, and 3 Nile Street, 
Sunderland. (1) Two models. One ship's Lifeboat built of wood, cork, and india rubber. 

(2) One shore Lifeboat for shore purposes, built of wood, cork and india rubber, both on 
Exhibitor's patent principle. (3) One Ship's Lifeboat unsinkable and unstaveable, built of 
wood, cork and india rubber. 

348^. SHEPHERD, H. C. W., Hull House, Eaglan Street, Lowestoft 
(1) Model of Lifeboat on Carriage. (2) Model of Ship's Lifeboat and Hand Kocket 
Apparatus. 

349. LESLIE, W., & HAMBLIN, N., Boat Builders, New Eoad, Black- 
wall. (1) Lifeboat for ship or coast. Self-righting in seaway, unsinkable ; ejection of water 
when swamped to water line. Oars, mast, sail, &c. Life-belts as gear for above boat. Tanks 
fitted in bottom of boat to hold 18 gallons of fresh water, and cannisters with water-tight lids 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

PATENT TANNED CANVAS RUBBER-LINED FIRE HOSE. 

SUPPLIED TO ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD. 

Guaranteed Pressure, 300-lbs. to the square inch. 
QTJEE3V VICTORIA. STREET, 

LONDON, ENGLAND. 
Price*, Samples, and Opinions of flw Proes on application. 



Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 



39 



APPLIANCES 





FlSHERM^Ns"! 
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BOARD OF TRADE 






LITERARY 
SUPERINTENDENT 



at each end of boat, under thwart, to hold 50 biscuits in each. If the boat gets damaged, by 
taking out a few screws the side buoyance can be taken out and repaired as an ordinary ship's 
boat. (2) 5 ft. Dinghy, Double Head, for one man to go on shore if Launch get on ground. 
Should Launch get run into and sunk, the Dinghy would answer for Lifebuoy ; it is able to 
hold up six persons in the water. (3) Fresh water Fishing Punt, fitted with buoyance, if 
swamped not to sink. 

34pa. LINKLATER, JAMES, 60 Hotspur Street, Tynemouth, North- 
umberland. (1) Model of Safety attaching and detaching gear. (2) Full-sized tumbling 
hook, the same having been broken by Lloyd's test by a strain of 5 tons 10 cwt. 

350. BRITISH & FOREIGN BOAT-LOWERING APPARATUS 
COMPANY, ll.West India Dock Road, Limehouse, E. (1) One large model of Lifeboat, 
and two small toy models of Lifeboats. (2) This gear (Carpenter's Patent) provides for 
instantaneously connecting or disengaging the boat. (3) Improved Boats' Davits, and Screw 
Jacks (H. McCollin). 

351. DEAN, ELIZABETH, Godwin Koad, Hastings. (1) Life Boat, Surf 
Boat or "Wave Boat, to pass through waves without losing its equilibrium. (2) Life Raft for 
shore communication. (3) Surf or Life-boat. (4) Model of a Fish Carrier, for preventing loss 
of life in transhipping fish in the North Sea, or other fisheries. (5) Air Fender, attached to 
ship, to lessen damage caused by collision at sea. (6) Model Section of Circular Floating 
Breakwater. (7) Model of Fisherman's Hospital. (8) Model of Fisherman's Dwelling. 

352. LOW & DUFF, Albert Machine Works, Dundee. Four Guns for 
firing lines from stranded vessels to shore, or from shore to vessels in like position ; also for 
firing from lifeboats to wrecked vessels; also from tug-boats to vessels requiring towing; also 
for communicating between two vessels at sea when not possible to approach near each other ; 
also for firing lines to persons in upper flats of burning houses, and for any other purpose 
whatever where quick communication by line is desirable. 

353. WENTWORTH, MESSRS., 12 Museum Street, London, W.C., Sole 
Manufacturers of the " Kredemnon " Life-saving garments and belts, for men, women, and 
children. Also of the "Sauve qui peut" combination suits for bathing, boating, wading, 
sleeping, and transfer service, and of other Life-saving garments and belts, protected by other 
Patents ; many of the female garments can be made up in any prevailing fashion. Buoyancy 
ensured while additional weight is scarcely perceptible. Unsinkable clothing for fishermen, &c. 
For Fishermen's and Sailors' Clothing see No. 527. 



The Best and Cheapest. 

HEAVE S 
FOOD 



FOR 



First Established 1825. 

INFANTS 



INVALIDS. 



IN ONE -POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 

SOLD EVERYWHERE. WHOLESALE OF THE MANUFACTURERS, 

J. . WEAVE & Co., JFording-lbridsre, England. 



40 Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 

353<i. BERNEY, GEORGE DUCKETT, Morton Hall, Norwich. A 
Sheet of Illustrations of Captain Manby's Life-saving Apparatus. 

354. FORRESTT & SON, Norway Yard, Limehouse, and Britannia 
Yard, Mill wall, London. (1) Full size Coast Life-boat. (2) Life-boat for conveyance of fish- 
(3) Patent Life-raft. (4) Model of Steam Tng. (5) Model of Boat, with Improved Sailing 
Gear. (6) Model of Fishing Boat for East and Scotch Coasts. (7) 9 ft. Fishing Dinghy. 
(8) 10 ft. Fishing Dinghy. (9) 12 ft. Fishing Dinghy, with centre board. (10) Improved 
Lifeboat for Steam Fish Carriers and other vessels. 

355. SEXTON, JOSEPH, 3 and 4 Great Winchester Street, London, E.G. 
(1) Patent Buoyant Deck Seat, with Cushions, full size ; which will form a raft when fastened 
together. (2) Buoyant Bathing Dress, easily applied to any shape of dress, and at small cost. 
(3) Collection of Life Saving Appliances. 

355. SUGDEN, LIEUT. S. S., B.N., Woodford, Essex. Instantaneous 
Connecting and Disconnecting Shackles. 

356. COPEMAN, E. S., Downham Market, Norfolk, and 4 Victoria 
Street, Westminster, S.W. (1) Model of Eaft, on a platform two feet above main platform 
with tanks 8 ft. 6 in. by 7 ft. 2 in. Water in tank. (2) Copeman's Patent Seat Raft. Two 
Bpecimens of deck seats for saving life m case of accident on board passenger vessels. Those 
seats placed together form a raft or life-boat capable of carrying ten or fifteen persons on 
board, and are supplied with mast, sail, oars, water, and provisions. The buoyancy of each 
seat is upwards of half a ton, and singly or together they will support fifty or sixty persons in 
the water, with provisions and means of signalling. 

357. BEECHING BROTHERS, Ship and Boat Builders, Great 
Yarmouth. Model of Lifeboat, with equipments. 

357. DAVIS, JOHN, 6 King's Terrace, Back of Walls, Southampton. 
Cork Life Buoy, furnished with paddlers, by which it is propelled. 

358. ROPER, RICHARD, 143 Lewisham High Road, New Cross, S.E. 
Awarded the First Prize (100 Guineas) at the Naval Exhibition, Lodon, 1882, as the best 
means of Saving Life at Sea. (1) A Working Model, scale 1 in. to 1 foot, represents the mid- 
ship section of a large ocean-going steamer or troopship, fitted with self-launching bridge life- 
rafts, with fluted bottoms, built on the cellular principle. (2) A similar model with a 
different method of launching. This raft is suitable for fish-carrying steamers. The top of 
the deck-house is fitted with a self-floating raft. (3) A similar model f in. scale to 1 ft., with 
different method of launching, showing how tops of charts, deck-houses, &c., can be fitted with 
self-floating rafts. (4) Kaft fitted up for troopship for saving life, landing horses, guns, 
cargo, &c. Scale in. to 1 ft. (5) Life raft, fitted with a raised cabin, suitable for emigrant 
ship, showing the masts, sails, &c., complete. (6) Tubular raft, fitted complete, showing the 
method of constructing them on the tubular principle. Scale in. to 1 ft. (7) Model of a 
passenger steamer 4,060 tons, scale in. to 1 ft., fitted with three rafts, one in front of poop, 
one in front of forecastle, and one as captain's bridge. Capable of saving the lives of the most 
crowded passenger ships. (8) Model of the " Princess Alice," fitted with Roper's floating 
rafts capable of carrying 960 persons. (9) Half-model of " Princess Alice," showing the 
after part, after the collision with the " Bywell Castle," fitted with Roper's self-floating rafts ; 
will be sunk in tank showing the action. (10) Models showing the different construction of 
the life rafts. (11) Life Raft, showing it fitted complete, with sails, masts, rigging set, with 
water-tight seats, containing water, provisions, signals, rockets, compass, charts, oars, &c., 
and sitting accommodation for; 450. (12) Midship section of a steam or sailing ship, with 
deck-house fitted with Roper's self-launching life-raft, fitted complete. Scale 1 in. to 1 ft. 
With semicircular launching ways and telescopic extension. The whole of the above models 
are unsinkable, and will be launched in a tank. 

359. ROSE, R., & CO., 72 LeadenhaU Street, London. (1) Patent Oil 
Discharging Apparatus. (2) Patent Deck Seat for supporting 50 people. (3) Patent Fowl 
Coop Seat. (4) Small Deck Seat for Yachts. (5) Sea Messenger, Life Buoy and Seat 
Combined. (6) Life Belt Cushions and Beds combined. (7) Models of Various Life-Saving 

tttop ai b k k t It a I it 1 1 I & I M II U N tor 

MADAME TUSSAUD& SONS' 

EXHIBITION, 

Admission Is. Extra Booms, 6d. Open from 10 till 10. 



Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 41 

Appliances. (8) Balch's Automatic Life Raft. (9) Hand Rocket Apparatus. (10) Balch's 
Life Buoy and Signal. (11) Balch's Day and Night Signals. (12) Balch's Electric Sounding 
Apparatus. (13) Fishermen's Life-jacket Jersey. (14) Method of Breaking Force of Sea, 
&c., to be shown in competition for special prizes. (15) Small Patent Apparatus for dis- 
charging oil; for use in ships' boats and lifeboats. (16) Ditto, larger size, for sailing vessels. 
(17) Ditto, for steam ships. (18) Floating Shell, with hose for forcing oil from on board ship. 
(19) Shell filled with oil and cork. (20) Three Paintings illustrating use of oil on water. 
(21) Drawings illustrating the communication between Fleets and Lightships. 

35Qa. W. BALCH, 6 Haddington Terrace, Greenwich. Automatic Life 
Raft, Life Buoy and Signals Apparatus for firing distress signals and collision lights ; also 
apparatus for sounding by electricity. 

361. HILL & CLARK, 6 Westminster Chambers, London, S.W. Life- 
saving Apparatus consisting of models of life and other boats fitted with methods for lowering 
and disengaging them from ships at sea; also plan as fitted to whaling ships' boats for getting 
boats quickly and quietly away after the fish. Working models to be seen in action. 

362. BAKER, J. M. B., Hammersmith, London, W. (1) Ocean Courier. 
(2) Boat Cradle. (3) Fire Subduer. 

363. EMERY, LEWIS, Sherringham, Norwich. Model of Life-boat, 
fitted with tank to ballast with water when afloat. 

364. HOLMES, NATHANIEL J., 8 Great Winchester Street, London. 

(1) Life-Saving Equipments. (2) Mechanical Compound Reed Foghorns. (3) Life-Buoy 
Rescue Light. (4) Shipwreck Distress Flare. (5) Collision Light and Boat Launching 
Flare. (6) Torpedo Finders. (7) Fish Decoy Light. (8) " Raba," the Fish Preserver. 

365. WILLIAMS, A. H., 1 St. Mary's Road, Peckham, London. Samples 
of Patented Pontoon or Air Vessel, which can be packed or stowed away in an incredible 
small space, to be used in rafts for saving life at sea. Also for preventing vessels from 
sinking ; also for raising sunken vessels, &c. 

366. KING, J., & CO., Boat Builder, Three Colt Street, Limehouse, E. 
Copper fastened Life-boat Complete, fitted with yellow metal, air-tight buoyancy, Hill & 
Clarke's lowering gear as supplied for emigrant ships, with oars, mast, sail, water breakers, 
bailers, &c. 

368. TIMMIS, ILLIUS AUGUSTUS, 17 Great George Street, West- 
minster, S.W. (1) A Coast Life-boat. (2) A ship's boat that is unsinkable and reversible, 
and so acts as a life-boat or as a life raft, and that can be stowed at davits in the ordinary 
way, or launched from a ship without any davits. It also is the best means for using with 
rocket apparatus, and is pulled to a stranded or wrecked ship through any sea, and cannot be 
stove in or swamped. It also serves for a pontoon raft for landing troops, &c. 

369. ROYAL NATIONAL LIFE BOAT INSTITUTION, 14 John 
Street, Adelphi, London. (1) Life-boat (self-righting), full-size, on transporting car- 
riage. (2) Model of Life-boat (self-righting), on transporting, carriage. (3) Model of first 
English Life-boat (4) Model of same as modified and now in use. (5) Model of Norfolk 
Life-boat. (6) Model of Tubular Life-boat. (7) Model of Safety Fishing Boat. (8) Model 
of Boat-house and Boat. (9) Tank with working models. (10) Large Life Belt. (11) 
Seaman's Life-Belt. (12) Self-acting Valve. (13) Rowing Crutch. (14) Life Buoy. (15) 
Telescope. (16) Loaded Cane and Line. (17) Compass. (18) Verey's Pistol and Car- 
tridges. (19) Model drogue. (20) Set of mounted instructions. (21) Wreck Charts, 
Drawing of Life-boat House and Working drawings. 

371. EDINBURGH, H.R.H. THE DUKE OF, KG., Clarence House, 
St. James's, London, S.W. Models of Life-boats which were presented for service in the Baltic 
and Black Seas by the English inhabitants of St. Petersburgh upon the occasion of the 
marriage of His Royal Highness. 

372. WORKSHOP FOR THE BLIND OF KENT. (1) Cork Fenders. 

(2) Fish Basket. (3) Life saving Cushions. 

AIMEJtSOII, ABB01X &. ADERSOfl S 

WATERPROOF 

GUN COVERS, GAME BAGS, 

CARTRIDGE BAGS, 

ARE THE BEST. 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, B.C. 



42 Great "Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 

373. STEEDMAN & MeALISTER, Cathcart Street, Glasgow. Life 
Buoys (1) Cut in two to show solidity of article. (2) To Board of Trade requirements 
uncovered. (3) To Board of Trade requirements finished. (4) Ordinary size. (5) Oval 
pattern. (6) Yacht size. (7) Small yacht size. (8) Lifeboat Jackets to Board of Trade 
requirements. (9) Life Belts, different patterns, for fishermen and passengers. (10) Cork 
Mattresses and Pillows. (11) Improved Life-saving Seat with detachable cushion. (12) 
Patent Bed or Cot, and a few small articles of similar nature to above. 

374. WILKINS, WILLIAM, Queen's Road, Tunbridge Wells. A Life- 
preserving Atmospheric Helmet and Atmospheric Belt (with safety compartments), to support 
and protect the head from the overwhelming effect of the wind, foam, and waves of a rough 
sea. 

375. WARD, ALFRED, Kilburn Baths, Kilburn, London, N.W. Several 
life-saving dresses. 

376. DAVIS & LONDON, 135 Tottenham Court Road, London. Two 
Mermaid Life Belts, one in despatch case for gentlemen, and one in canvas bag for seamen, &c. 

7. ROGERS, JOHN BANTING, Richmond House, Holloway Road, 
.on, N. (1) Life-saving Apparatus. Model Cart, Mortars, Projectile Anchors, Cone 
Block Shot to throw Eove Rope or Messenger Line, Signal Gun and Rocket Signals for night. 
Boat-lowering apparatus, Slip catch and hook, and other models appertaining to saving life on 
sea and land. Models complete and full size. (2) Some Drawings showing a " method by 
which vessels cannot be injured by torpedoes." Also Drawing of " Shield for Ram to protect 
vessels from being injured in times of peace." 

378. GRAY, J., & SON, 153, Edgware Road, London, W. Samples of 
Life-saving Waistcoats of the same description. 

379. WOOD, JOHN WILLIAM, 34 Great St. Helens, London, E.G. A 
set of Wood's patent self-adjusting Rivet-hole and Leak stoppers, in seven different sizes, with 
illustrating plate. For instantly stopping holes and leaks in ships, buoys, boilers, torpedo- 
boats, &c., from either inside or outside. 

380. BALLARDIE, D., 41 Robertson Street, Glasgow. Life-Saving 
Apparatus. 

381. HAMMOND, R. C., 11 Stourcliffe Street, Edgware Road, London. 
Swimming Plates on Colonel Dunlop's Patent. 

382. BIRT, J. & A. W., 42 Dock Street, London Docks, London, E. 
(1) Collection of Marine Life-saving Appliances, applicable to all classes of vessels. (2) 
Life Belts of various descriptions. (3) Life Buoys of various descriptions, with mode of con- 
struction. (4) The Collection of Life-saving Appliances which gained the Gold Medal of the 
Royal Society of Arts, showing how to utilize articles already on board ship (see Parliamentary 
Paper) viz. : (a) For Men of War Hammock and Berth Mattresses. (6) For Troop Ships 
Soldiers' Belts with the Mess Tables forming Rafts (now under consideration of the Admiralty), 
(c) For Merchant Ships Berth Mattresses, Gunwale Buoys, Cushions and Seats, (d) For 
Passenger Steamers Seats, Cushions, Stools, and Gunwale Buoys. (5) Models for examina- 
tion in Seamanship and the Rocket Apparatus. (6) Articles specially designed for Fishing 
Craft. (7) Life Belts for Fishermen, to be worn when boarding. (8) The Cabin Ladder 
made buoyant and utilized for life-saving purposes. (9) The Cover Over-all of Ice and Fish 
Room made buoyant and utilized for life-saving purposes. (10) The Cover Over-all of Fore- 
castle Hatchway made buoyant and utilized for life-saving purposes. 

383. ATKINS, WILLIAM, & ELIAS PARSONS, Lime Cottage, 
Battersea Rise, London. (1) Boat Lifting Apparatus. (2) Stand for Water Tank. (3) Water 
Tank. (4) Two Stands for Wood Models. (5) Model in Glass Case. (6) Steel Oval 
Model, large. (7) Small Steel Model. (8) Two Pictures, in wood frames exhibiting working 
models. 

384. WAYTHE, WILLIAM E., Echline House, Princes Road, Great 
Yarmouth. Life-saving Kite, for communication from ship to shore or ship to ship. Made 

LIFE BELTS. J, & A, W, BIRT, LIFE BUOYS, 
Manufacturers of Marine Life Saving Apparatus, 

DOCK STREET, LONDON, E. 

To the Admiralty, Board of Trade, Life Boat Institution, od the principal Ship Owners and Builders. 

Life Belts, Lift Buoys, Bx>ckt Life-Saving Apparatus, Life-Saying Mattresses, Cork Cushions, &c. 

Awal-ded the Gold Medal of the Society of Arts for the best means of saving life at Sea. 

uid the Fifty Guinea prize at the Naval Exhibition at the Agricultural Hall 

and PriM Medals H all the princioal Exhibitions, 



Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 43 

smaller or larger according to the force of wind. To come to shore from a ship on the main 
With the wind parallel with the coast, to drop at command, and to be worked by one line only. 
Carrying its own light or lantern by night. 

385. LAMBART, LT.-COL. HpN. O. G., 10 Cliff Parade, Soutliend-on- 
Sea. Life-saving Apparatus. " The Utrinque," principally for collisions or founderings. 
Easily stowed, always ready for use, has only to be thrown overboard anyhow. Provisioned 
for several days and provided with sail and oar ; can neither founder nor upset, nor its inmates 
be washed out. Not liable to injury by contact with the wreck. It is amply sufficient for 
four men. 

386. WRIGHT, JAMES, 15 Jamaica Eoad, Bermondsey, London, S.E. 
(1) Models of improved never-failing self-righting Shore Life-boat and Ship's Life-boat, for 
experimental testing, if necessary, the Shore Life-boat will self-right in all weathers, with sails 
set and sheets fast. (2) Also specimen model of Shore Life-boat. 

387. WOOLFE, F. W., & SON, 46 Lower Shadwell, and Middle 
Shadwell, London, E. (1) Unsinkable Ship's Lifeboat, 25 ft. long by 7 ft. beam, constructed 
for use on board passenger ships ; fitted with movable air-tight cases on each side and fore and 
aft, to carry twenty passengers, independent of her crew. (2) Model of Unsinkable Ship's 
Lifeboat in glass case. 

389. METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE. Collection of Meteorological 
Instruments and arrangements for storm warnings, &c., from various countries. 

III. GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. The Meteorological Council, i!6, Victoria Street, 
S.W. Lieut.-Gen. E. Strachey, K.E., F.K.S., Chairman; Eobert H. Scott, M.A., F.K.S., 
Secretary. (1) A Series of Twelve Charts, showing the temperature of the sea surface on the 
coasts of the United Kingdom in each month of the year from observations taken by the Coast 
Guard Lighthouse officials, &c., &c. (These are exhibited in the Central Hall.) (2) Two 
Charts showing the mean temperature of the entire sea surface in the months of February and 
August, being the coldest and hottest respectively, compiled from original observations. (3) 
A Daily Weather Chart from North- Western Europe at 8 a.m., and a Forecast issued at 11 a.m. 
(These will be exhibited in a frame in the Central Hall, and will be changed every day about 
noon.) (4) Map showing the existing arrangements for Weather Telegraphy on the coasts of 
the British Islands. (5) A Model of a Storm Warning Station, with Cone hoisted. (6) A 
Barometer such as is supplied on loan for public exhibition to fishing stations ; 160 stations 
have been supplied with barometers by the Meteorological Office, and in addition many 
stations have been supplied by the National Lifeboat Institution, or by private munificence. 
(7) A set of Meteorological Instruments such as is supplied to ships, (a) A Marine Barometer, 
Kew pattern. (&) Box containing a set of Six Thermometers, viz., two for wet and dry bull 
thermometers, one for sea surface temperature, three spare, (c) Box containing a set of four 
Hydrometers for ascertaining the specific gravity of the sea. (d) A Thermometer Screen with 
thermometers mounted, as supplied to ship, (e) Copy of Log, Hough Book and Instructions. 

390. BRASSEY, LADY, Normanhurst Court, Battle, Sussex. (1) Model of 
a Viking Ship, the " Ellida." So named by Lady Brassey^after one of the most famous Viking 
vessels. The model exhibited, a yacht's gig, represents in the details of her structure, the 
great "Viking" Ship. It was adapted by the Marquis of Ailsa, and built at the Culzean Yacht 
and Steam-Launch Works, Maybole, Scotland. The original was discovered in 1880 at 
Gokstad, near the town of Sandefjord, west of the mouth of Christiana Fjord, a farm on a 
peninsula in Norway. The great interest attached to it is in consequence of it having been 
one of the burial war-ships in which noted men, according to tradition, were interred during the 
9th, 10th, and llth centuries after Christ. This mode of burial has proved of great importance 
to archaeologists, since on excavating some of the grave-mounds in which it was adopted, ships 
from that remote period have been brought to light in a more or less perfect state of pre- 
servation. The period is the later Iron Age or " Viking " Period. It rarely happens that 
grave-mounds consist of a substance in which wood can be preserved for centuries, but this ship 
(like one other, found in the parish of Tune in 1867 between the Christiana Fjord and the 
Swedish frontier) seems to have been buried in a mound of blue-clay, a species of earth 
specially selected for its excellent qualities as a preserver of wood. It was excavated by Mr. 
Nicolaysen, and now belongs to the collection of antiquities in the University of Christiania. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 
FISHING TROUSERS 

Are unequalled for Quality, Finish and Wear. 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, B.C. 



44 Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 

The original is 77 ft. 11 in. in length, as she now stands ; a few pieces of the woodwork, want- 
ing in the original, have been supplied after a careful study. These restored parts are distin- 
guished by a different colour. The ship is entirely of oak, clinker-built, the boards connected 
with iron nails, and the seams caulked with oakum, made of cows' hair spun into three-stranded 
cord. The planking is about one inch thick. Both oars and canvas were used to propel her. 
Of the former there were sixteen on either side, so that thirty-two men would thus be required 
to serve the oars only ; and doubtless the full complement would not be less than forty hands. 
There has been no true deck, only loose boards cut into the frames. The tent cloth is made 
of a fine woollen texture, whilst the cords for fastening are of hemp. The pieces of ships' rope, 
of which a good many were found, are of bast. The rudder is hung by a rope a little forward of 
the sternpost on the right-hand side, as usual in all vessels of the Viking Period, and long 
after, down indeed to the 14th century, hence " starboard " or steering board, the right-hand 
side of a ship. The method of fastening and guiding this ancient style of side-rudder was not 
satisfactorily known previous to the discovery of this Gokstad vessel. In that portion of the 
ship first opened was found a piece of timber, evidently the anchor-stock, with traces of 
iron. Also two or three small boats neatly built of oak. Underneath this were the oars, 
some 20 feet in length, exceedingly interesting through their workmanship. The following 
other articles were found : Trace of a landing stage, fragments of sleeping berth, portion of 
wooden chair and a great variety of kitchen utensils, including a massive copper kettle, 
wooden plates and drinking-cups, &c. The grave or burial chamber was built just behind 
the mast, and was 15 feet square. In this room, which has a gable roof, the remains of the 
dead were deposited unburnt, and no doubt on a bed, portions of which were found. Robbers 
had, however, been there, who had dug into the mound, accounting for the fact that the bones 
had disappeared. No implements of war were found, but a series of miscellaneous articles, 
including iron fish-hooks and a turned draughtsman of horn in the grave chamber, as well 
as wearing apparel of gold brocade. The barrow or mound from which it was excavated 
was ^rery large and of the usual circular form. The ship was interred in the middle, on 
her keel, decorated with shields hung close together along the rail on both sides of the 
vessel. A few of these shields have been restored and placed in position. BRYCE-WRIGHT. 
(2) Model of a Chinese Junk. Length, 3 feet 3 inches. (3) Model of Japanese Boat, in 
ivory, with boatmen and other figures, upon stand of black lacquer, with leaves and conven- 
tional waves in gold. The figures are remarkable for their expressions and attitudes. Height, 
4 inches ; length, 1 foot 10 inches. (4) Model of a Japanese Boat, in bronze. (5) Model of 
Japanese Pleasure Boat, in ivory, with four beautifully executed figures. Length, 12 inches. 
(6) Model of Japanese Pleasure Boat, the centre covered with a kind of roof. Within are four 
figures of ladies and gentlemen, with steersman, all exceptionally well modelled and height- 
ened with colour. The details are so far carried out as to include even the three pairs of 
sandals of the men left outside the covered part on the deck of the boat. Ivory. Length, 
14 inches ; width, 4 \ inches. (7) Model of Chinese River Pleasure Boat, in ivory. (8) Model 
of an Outrigger Canoe from Tahiti, carved in wood. (9) Canoe, made from the hollo wed-out 
trunk of a tree, from Maitea, South Sea Islands. Length 8 feet. (10) Model of a Canoe, made 
of bark. Fuegian. (11) Model of an Outrigger Canoe, from the South Sea Islands. (12) 
Model of a Raft with Lateen Sail, from Island of Formosa. (13) Model of Chinese War Junk. 
Length 3 feet 4 inches. (14) Paddle Steamboat. Earthenware, with a dark-brown glaze, 
from Chanaklesi, Dardanelles. (15) Model of an Outrigged Surf Boat, Ceylon. (16) Chinese 
Boat, model in wood, painted. Length, 2 feet 9 inches. (17) A Figure of Swan, in silver, 
From its back spring a mast and sail, and its outstretched wings are freighted with boxes, 
chests and fans, and a variety of goods. The mast is in imitation of bamboo, the sail divided 
longitudinally, the divisions diapered in patterns, some being coloured, others gilt. In the 
centre of the sail is let in a detached crystal ball within a medallion of chased scroll-work. 
Behind are a rudder and tiller, and the bird floats on a conventional sea. Japanese. 16 inches. 
(18) Two Tortoise-shell Boats. (19) Boat, folding, from " Black Curries." (20) Model of a 
Fishing Canoe, with paddles and fishing spear. Fuegian. (21) Model of Canoe. Fuegian. 
(22) Model of Double Canoe, with triangular sails, the position of the canoes being reversed 
end to end. South Sea. 

391. TRINITY HOUSE, ELDER BRETHREN OP, Tower Hill, 
London. Models of Lighthouses. 

ANDEK80N, ABbUlT, AND ANDERSON 

ABB THE MANUTACTTTBEBS OF THE 

ARMY REOTJL ATIO1V CLOAK, 

37, Queen Victoria St., London, E,C. Works : Limehouse, E. 

HORSE GUARDS, 10th March, 1871.--GENTLI1MKK, The Waterproof Coat made by you has been 
approved of as a pattern for Coats to be worn in wet weather by all Officers. The Material seems 
excellent, and Is exactly what was recommended by the Committee. Your pattern has been now 
sealed and deposited at the Horse Guards.! am, Gentlemen, yours obediently, 

ARTHUR HERBERT, A.A.G., Col. 

N.B. A General Order on the subject will be Issued In next month'i orders. 



Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 45 

392. BOARD OF TRADE, Whitehall Gardens, London, S.W. (1) 'Rocket 

Life-Saving Apparatus. (2) Albert and other Medals given as rewards for gallantry in saving 
life at sea. (3) Wreck Charts, &c., &c. (4) Models used at examinations of candidates for 
certificates of competency as officers in the Mercantile Marine. (5) Kule of the Koad at Sea, 
in verse, by Mr. Thomas Gray, Assistant Secretary, Marine Department, Board of Trade. 

393. ROBBINS, JOHN, Latimer Place, Latimer Street, South Birming- 
ham. (1) Improved Model Fire and Water Escape. (2) Angler's Companion. 

394. SAMPLE AND WARD, Blyth. (1) Boat Detaching Gear. (2) 
Model Boat and Tank. (3) Model Boat. (4) Gear on Frame. (5) Skeleton Model of Gear. 
(6) Samples of Patent Mousing Hook, for all kinds of hooks. (7) Patent Life-saving Boat, for 
ships' use. 

395. LACEY, RICHARD G., 4 Goulden Street, Battersea, Surrey. (1) 
Eocket Apparatus Box. (2) Alarm Signal Box, for ships in distress. (3) A complete Rocket 
and Line Box, for throwing lines to distant fishing boats ; also for throwing lines from ships in 
distress to the shore. 

397. PENHEY, WILLIAM H., 4 Sherland Villas, Twickenham. A 
Collection of Penhey's Patent Sea Messenger and Life Buoy. Being an improved means of 
conveying messages, mails, and other valuable property from ships at sea, also for saving life 
in case of wreck or other disaster. 

398. CRITTEN, HENRY, Southtown, Yarmouth. Model of Lifeboat, 
non-righting principle, scale 1 inch, new improvements to tanks being of copper and 2J inches 
deeper, thwarts being raised that height, fronts of tanks bevelled to about f> inches each side, 
causing action of boat to be easier by giving her more water ballast, and causing her to rise 
quicker when submerged by the amount of extra air space thus given at top of tanks. 

399. COLWELL, CHARLES, Kothsay Villa, Southtown, Great Yar- 
mouth. (1) Model of a Ship, with apparatus attached to prevent collisions at sea by instantly 
multiplying the rudder power tenfold, and additional gear to destroy the momentum; 
with automatic buffers, &c. (2) Model of a Life Boat for Passenger Ships, with con- 
venient stowage for every necessary and comfort, also an awning, &c. (3) Model of a 
Life Boat for Coast Purposes; built in compartments, ten below and ten above the 
water-line, with a cabin for the rescued ; screw propeller, and the means of altering the 
course of vessels under "Lug sail" without dipping or lowering the sail. (4) Model of 
Life Boat " Tender," and collapsible hauling apparatus, (5) Model of Collapsible Kleet, for 
instantly liberating entangled ropes when made fast. (6) Model of Apparatus to effect 
line communication from ship to ship or shore, by a combination of compressed air and spring 
power. (7) Model of Non-concussive Apparatus and Automatic Brake for Railways ; a com- 
bination of Hydrostatic and pneumatic power. 

400. BROMELL, WILLIAM, 8 Egerton Grove, Hulme, Manchester. 
Bromell's Life Saving Apparatus : (1) Dress : The Trouser-Stockings, Life Belt or Buoy, 
Inflated waistcoat and Cork Jackets are indispensable adjuncts, but nothing new. (2) 
Helmet : As a protection to the head against the ocean the helmet is a novelty, or as a 
portable diving apparatus it is new, made sufficiently capacious for the head to move about, 
and with windows to look out, it rests well down upon the shoulders, and fastened to a strap 
round the back and chest, or by a lengthened band on which the feet could rest. (3) 
Kespirator : this affords ease to the swimmer to breathe freely ; a small nipple in the mouth 
with flexible tube supported by a float. (4) Signal : the balloon signal invention presents a 
new feature in life-saving appliances ; a balloon inflated with gas made in mid ocean, and held 
captive at an elevation of a "few hundred feet above the person or a boat will and must enforce 
attention. (5) Gas-bottle : as a portable instrument, in which gas may be generated, or com- 
pressed gas may be carried sufficient to inflate a good sized balloon, its introduction leads to 
its adoption in all sea-going craft, more particularly in life boats for inflating balloon signals 
and cooking. The air-tight compartments may be utilized for the storage of compressed gas. 
(6) Non-capsizable Life Boat : this boat is made in its entirety, and is also made in parts : 
the upper portion or raft comprising the floor, sides, and ends ; the floor is a grating and 
admits the water, the sides and ends form a series of air -tight compartments; the lower 

D'AOI AI\ E' PIANOS. HALF Piicfc. 

In consequence of a change of partnership, th 
whole of this splendid itock, perfected with all tha 
improYemenU of the day, viz., iteel frame, orer- 
itrang trichord throughout check action, Ac., ia 
now offered at half price by this long-standing firm 
of 100 yean* reputation, and in order to effect a 
speedy tale the eaiiest terms arranged, with 10 
years' warranty. Trichord cottages, from hire, 10 
to 13, ClMS 0, 14 ; Class 1, 17 ; Class 2, 20 ; 
Clau 3, 28 ; Class 4, 26; Class 6, 30 ; Class 6, 35; 
Olau 7, 4*. American Organs, best claw from Z6. 
Carriage free and all risk taken to any station in 
lujrland. T. D'ALMAITfE&CO..91. 
m'T.'T TMvs-Mwvr WMOHOATH Wrt 




46 Great Britain Division IX. Life-boat Shed. 

portion is Bimply a water tank made in the form of the lower part of an ordinary boat. They 
are connected by four chains which admit of the lowering of the tank a considerable distance 
below the raft. To meet the exigencies arising from a rough sea, the tank is charged with 
water and lowered by means of the four chains ; to regain its normal condition the water is 
expelled from the tank by forcing air into it. 

401. ATTYE, MISS, Guyseliff, Milberton, Leamington. Cork Jacket 
made from old wine bottle corks. 

402. JAQUES, R. D. Agent: A. Inderwick, 27 Bedford Eow, London 
Life Boat. 

403. SNOULTER, W. G., 96 High Street, Poplar, E. (1) One Life 
Kaft, model, self-expanding. (2) One Bulwark Life Kaft. (3) Life Buoys. (4) Life Belts. 

SHETLAND AND THE ORKNEYS. 

GREEN, JOSEPH, The Docks, Lerwick, Shetland. Model of a 
" Sixern," " Sixareen," or six-oared yawl (Old Norse Sexoeringr). Scale, one inch to the foot. 
Timber, Norway fir. Fastened, iron. Length on keel, 20ft.; length, over-all, 29 ft; beam, 
amidships, 8 ft. ; depth, at stem-head, 5 ft. ; depth, amidships, 3 ft. 3 in. ; depth, at stern-post, 
4 ft. 9 in. ; oars, ars, pulled with one thole-pin called a kale (Old Norse Tteipr) and a grummet, 
called a humlaband (Old Norse, homluband), length of, 16 ft. ; mast, total length of, 22 ft. ; yard, 
total length of, 18ft. ; hoist of sail, 18ft. Gin. Total cost, all found, except nets and lines, 26. 
Till within the last forty years or so, all the larger Shetland boats were imported direct from 
Norway in boards ready for putting together. At that time, the boats rarely, if ever, exceeded 
18 ft. on keel, and had a somewhat flatter floored midship section. Even at the present day 
most, if not all, of the names of the different portions of a sixern, of the articles of her 
equipment, and of the terms used in'her navigation and in connection with fishing, are, at any 
rate, in the outlying parts of Shetland, of Norse origin. 

LAURENCE, JOHN ROBERT, Fair Isle, Shetland. Model of a 
Fair Isle Skiff. 

As this model was not made by a professional boatbuidler, the following details of a typical Fair Isle Skiff 
kindly supplied by Mr. John Eunson, boatbuilder, East Shore, Dunrossness, are inserted in the place of measures 
taken from the model itself. 

Timber, fir. Fastened, iron. Length, on keel, 15 ft. 6 in. ; length, over-all, 22 ft. ; beam ; 
extreme, 5 ft. 8 in. ; depth, at stem-head, 3 ft. 6 in. ; depth, at stern-post, 3 ft. 3 in. ; mast, stepped 
nearly amidships, total length of, 14 ft. 6_in. ; yard, total length of, 11 ft. ; hoist of sail, 14 ft. ; 
oars or paddles (three pair), pulled, as in 'sixern, with Jtabe and humlaland, each oar or paddle 
being in length 10 ft. 2 in. Total cost, all found, except fishing lines, 6 10s. These Fair Isle 
Skiffs, though apparently mere cockle-shells, are very buoyant, and it is said to be perfectly 
wonderful the amount of sea they will live through. Three men constitute the crew, who 
pull a very short chopping stroke, at times, when cutting an eddy or string of tide, reaching 
nearly forty-five a minute. In the last century, similar boats seem to have been in use all 
over Shetland, but at the present day they are confined to Fair Isle. 

ORKNEY, The .Commissioners of Supply for. Model of a Westray, 
or North Isles, Yawl. Scale, one inch to the foot. Timber, oak and white Norwegian pine. 
Fastened, galvanized iron. Length, on keel, 14 ft. ; length, over-all, 19ft. 3 in. ; beam, extreme, 
7 ft. 6 in. ; depth at stem-head, 4 ft. 7 in. ; depth, at lowest point of gunwale, 3 ft. 6 in. ; depth, 
at stern-post, 4 ft. 4J in. ; oars (two pair), one pair 14 ft., the other, 12 ft. ; masts (two), each 
16 ft. ; foremast, stepped from stem, 2 ft. 4 in. ; mainmast, stepped from stem, 9 ft. ; bowsprit, 
outboard, 5 ft. ; sails, jib, lateen foresail, and lateen boom-mainsail : jib, hoist, 13 ft., foot, 6 ft. 
6 in. foresail, yard, 9 ft., hoist, 12 ft., foot, 10 ft. mainsail, yard, 8 ft. 6 in., hoist, 12 ft., 
foot, 10ft., boom, lift.. Cost, equipped for sea, 15. The yawl is said to be very buoyant, 
and capable of living through very heavy sea ; a fair sailer in smooth water, but not weatherly 
in rough water or chopping seas. 

The Norse type of boat in 'the Orkneys is confined chiefly to the North Isles, where skiffs and hybrids 
between a skiff and a yawl are sometimes smack-rigged. In 1 former days all the large boats used at the Orcadian- 
herring fishery were similar in type and rig to the North Isles yawl. These, however, are now superseded by 
the " Firthy " boats in common use on the East Coast of Scotland. In the Southern Isles the smaller boats are 
generally built on similar lines to the ordinary English and Scotch type of small boats, and as a rule are sprit rigged. 

The Best and Cheapest. First Established 1825. 



HEAVE'S 
FOOD 



FOR 



INFANTS 



INVALIDS. 



IN ONE -POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
BOLD EVERYWHERE. WHOLESALE OF THE MANUFACTURERS, 

JT. Jt. HTWAV3B *V Co., JFording-bridsre, 



Great Britain. Dwisum IX. Life-boat Shed. 47 

TUDOR, JOHN R., 5 Magdalen Koad, St. Leonard's-on-Sea. Model 

of a Faroese " Eight-man boat," fully equipped for the grind or chase of the Grindehval or Grin- 
defish DelpMnus deductor of Scoresby, and the Ca'in', or Bottle-nose Whale of Shetland and the 
Orkneys. Scale, one inch to the foot. Length, on keel, 16 ft. 6 in. ; length, over-all, 28 ft. 6 in. ; 
beam, extreme, 6 ft. 6 in. ; depth, at stem-head, 6 ft. ; depth, at lowest point of gunwale, 
3 ft. ; depth, at stern-post, 5 ft. 6 in. ; foremast, 15 ft. 9 in. ; foreyard, 6 ft. ; mainmast, 13 ft. 6 in. ; 
mainyard, 10 ft. ; oars (eight. in number), pulled double-banked, each 11 ft. 9 in. The foremast 
can be stepped either at the fore-thwart or at the second thwart. The former is said to be 
the more usual place, and when thus stepped, the boat, it is said, will look pretty nearly in the 
wind's eye. The whaling implements consist of 1. Two lances (hvalvaaberi), each 12 in. 
long and 4 in. broad (upon a wooden shaft, 6 ft. long), to which a thin line is attached. 2. Two 
hooks (soJindkroge) and lines for towing the whales when dead. 3. A fishing lead or stone, 
about 3 Ibs. in weight, slung on to a long line, and used (1) for anchoring or deadening the 
boat's way ; (2) as a missile for driving the whales ashore in a whale-voe (hvalvaag) i.e. one 
with a gradually sloping bottom of loose sand or mud. The Shetland Sixern, the Fair Isle Skiff, 
the North Isles (Orkney) yawl, and the Faroese boat-model are all exhibited together, in order 
to show the descent of the fishing boats, of the present day, belonging to the islands of the 
Western haaf, from the langsMp of Viking times. Curiously to relate, the styri or rudder of 
the Viking ships seems to have survived in the Faroes till the present century, as Landt, in 
his Description of the Feroe Islands, says of the Faroese boats of his day : 

Few of these boats are built with a rudder, they are generally steered by means of the oars, yet some of them 
are furnished with what is called stuiri, which is au implement like a short oar, with which the master steers the 
boat when necessary. 

It will be noticed that all four models have, in common with the Gokstad Viking Ship, 
the following characteristics in varying degrees They are all clincher-built ; have stems and 
sterns alike ; a flat, or comparatively flat, midship section ; a fine run aft ; rake of stem and 
stern posts ; and considerable sheer of gunwale. 

BARNETT, JAMES, Kirkwall, Orkney. (1) Hand Line for In- 
shore. (2) Hand Line for Deep Sea. (3) Small Line for Bays. (4) Long Line for Deep 
Sea. (5) " Murderer." (6) Saith Line. (7) Pollack Line. (8) Pock Net for Sillocks. (9) 
Dog Fish Net. (10) Sillock or Cuithe Kods. (11) Cuithe Rod and Hair Line. (12) Har- 
poon and Lance for Bottle-nosed Whale. (13) Seal Net. (14) Oyster Dredge. (15) Musssel 
Dredge. (16) Oyster Tongs and Glass. (17) Lobster Creel. (18) Lobster Ring. (19) 
Buckie Creel. (20) Model of Fishing Boat, not under 45 ft. keel. (21) Model of Drifter for 
Herring Fisheries. (22) Two Lobster Pots and half Model of a Boat. 

CHANNEL ISLANDS. 
TARDIFF, J. R., St. Martin's, Guernsey. Patent Kowlock. 

404. KEW, THOMAS JOHN, Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk. The " Cata- 
maran," Uncapsizable Life Raft. 

405. HALL, W. H. Inventions for preventing the capsizing of boats. 

406. HARLAND, H. S., Stanbridge, Staplefield, Crawley. Life Saving 
Apparatus for the protection of bathers and skaters. 

406. BRADFORD, W. H., Great Saughall, near Chester. (1) Large 
ocean Sailing Life-Boat, Iron. Uncapsizable. Dome principle. Could be adapted for steam, 
and to go to a wreck in the roughest weather. (2) Ships, on deck, tumble overboard Life- 
raft. Reversible Catamaran principle. Cylinders of same, ordinarily, for freshwater storage. 
(3) Illustrated wood-cuts of Boat-lowering Apparatus. 

407. CROFTON, COMMANDER THE HONOURABLE F. G., 
R.N., Harbour House, Kingstown, Ireland. Skeleton model of boat hung from stand to show 
mode of disengaging boat's tackles instantaneously at will. 

407. SALMON, R., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth. Plan for launching 
Life Boats from the South Ham. 

408. PICHLER, S. F., 162 Great Portland Street, London, W. Machine 
for Atmospheric Pressure. Atmospheric Turbin, or Siren Life-saving Apparatus is put afloat 
in water in connection with the hose, whereby it is controlled and kept from being lost, 

Stop at BAKEft STREET STATION for 

MADAME TUSSAUD& SONS' 

EXHIBITION, 

Admission Is. Extra Rooms. 6d. Open from 10 till 10. 



48 Great Britain Divisions X. XII. East Arcade. 

forming a continuous life-buoy, effectually floats the whole length, and constant sound 
proclaims the arrival or whereabout, produced by the compressed air which constitutes the 
propelling force supplied from land, wherefrom it can also be steered and lighted by electricity. 
The Turbin 'or Siren in this case acts threefold : 1st, Constant sound ; 2nd, Atmospheric 
propulsion; 3rd, mechanical force to screw propeller. The hose is effected fivefold: 1st, the 
hose a controller; 2nd, continuous life-buoy; 3rd, conductor for compressed air; 4th, trans- 
mission of sound ; 5th, cover to electric connection. 

499. TIPPING, H. G. I., B.N. Life Boat Buoy, uncapsizable, carries 
provisions and water ; also signal lights. 

DIVISION X. [East Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 

Appliances and methods for breaking the force of the sea at the 
entrance of harbours and elsewhere. 

40Qa. THOMAS, E. C. G., care of Messrs. King & Co. Greenway Break- 
water, consisting of floating buoys 'of triangular shape with curved sides, that divide the 
waves and turn them upon each other and thus deprive them of momentum, permitting 
of vessels anchoring in the dead water behind them/; 

%* In Life Boat Gallery. 

411. LEEDS, L. W., 98 Old Jewry, E.G. Drawing, Method of breaking 
the force of the sea. 

412. TEASDEL, WILLIAM, C.E., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth, 
Norfolk. Drawing of Wave Screen, or Breakwater, for breaking the force of the sea at entrance 
of bar harbours or elsewhere. 

413. GILLINGS, JAMES,- 19 Havelock Eoad, Great Yarmouth. A 
Collection of Appliances for breaking the force of the Sea, to be carried on board of Vessels, 
and can also be used as life buoys. 

4I3a. BOWMAN, JAMES, 22 Square, Huntly, Aberdeenshire, N.B. 
Apparatus for spreading oil for breaking the force ef the sea-waves. May be used at the 
entrance to harbours, on board fishing boats and the largest sailing vessels. Exhibited with 
No. 245, in Eastern Arcade. 

4130. WILKINS, FREDERIC, C.E., 55 Poland Street, London, W. A 
Floating Breakwater, Harbour of Refuge, and Landing Stage. These have the buoyancy of 
ordinary ships, but have no freeboard at the bows, so that wind and waves break over them 
without injurious effect. Suitable for the Goodwin Sands, or any coast. 

DIVISION XL 

Methods of communication from the shore to lightships and 
fishing fleets by submarine cables ; telephones or other means 
of signalling. 

414. BAPTY, S. L., 7 Eoyal Circus Street, Greenwich. Mode of commu- 
cation with Lightships and Fishing Fleets. [East Arcade.'] 

4140. TELEGRAPH CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE 
COMPANY, 38 Old Broad Street, London. Model of Apparatus for Connecting Lightships 
with the Shore. [West Gallery.'] 

DIVISION XII. [East Arcade."] See Plan, p. 26. 

Methods of protecting submarine cables from injury by fishing 
operations (illustrated by models and drawings). 

415. SCHREIBER, CARL G. VON, St. Margaret's College, Lowes- 
toffc. (1) Protection for Submarine Cables from injury by fishing operations, &c. (2) Model 
and Drawing of an Improved Trawl-net, capable of allowing Immature Fish and Kefuse to 
escape therefrom. (3) Improved Trawl-heads, capable of clearing with safety submarine cable 
and similar obstacles. 

LADIES' WATERPROOFS 

In French Tweeds. Very Light and Elegant. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

INDIA RUBBER MANUFACTURERS, 

37. niiffN vinrnR/J STRFFT inwnN r/ ? 



Great Britain Freshwater Fishing. 49 

FRESHWATER FISHING. 

THE origin of the art of angling is lost in the mist of ages. There is ample testimony to 
show that even fly-fishing with an imitation of the natural fly was practised more than 2000 
years ago. JElian mentions the fact, and accurately describes the trout in the river Astreus 
taking a natural fly called Hippurus, and, how the natives of Macedonia constructed an 
imitation with a body of purple wool and with " wings of a waxy colour," which they dropped 
down the stream and which was seized by the fish. But the art of angling was far older than 
this, as the carvings on ancient Egyptian monuments amply testify. The Chinese and Japanese 
have been anglers for ages. The artificial flies of the Japanese would attract the curious 
attention of British anglers in the present day. The first author of whom we have any note 
in this country, who described "the art of Fyshynge with an Angle," was Dame Juliana 
Berners, Prioress of Sopwell nunnery in Hertfordshire, who wrote and published the Book of 
St. Albans in 1486. The first edition, printed by the schoolmaster printer of St. Albans, did 
not contain the treatise on angling, but the second, " Enprynted at Westmestre by Wynkyn 
the Worde in the yere of thyncarnacon of our] lorde mcccclxxxxvi " contained the treatise of 
fishing. Angling in those days was by no means so common a practice as it is now, as may 
be gathered from the reason given by the worthy prioress for including this pamphlet in the 
much larger publication, as she puts it, * bycause that this preseant treatyse sholde not come 
to the handys of echo ydle persone whyche wolde desire it yf it were enprynted allonej by 
itself and put in a lytyle plaunflett, therefore I have compylyd it in a greter volume of dyverse 
bokys concernynge to gentyll and noble men to the entent that the forsayd ydle persones 
whyche sholde have* but lytyle mesure in the sayd dysporte of fysshing sholde not by this 
meane utterly dystroye it." Probably for this reason the number of authors who followed 
Dame Juliana for the next 200 years or so were very limited. In 1653 Isaak Walton wrote 
his delightful pastoral, which even at the present day is devoured with pleasure not only by 
anglers but by all lovers of country life and scenes. For another 200 years or so the 
number of works on angling came out but slowly, though far more rapidly than in the previous 
time. In 1811 one of the best known lists of angling works was published by G. W. H. Ellis; 
it numbered 80 works. Since then, however, the increase has been most rapid, and during 
the last 15 or 20 years work after work has poured out of the press until in the present year 
of 1883 we read in the new edition of the Bibliotheca Piscatoria, published by Messrs. 
Westwood and Satchell lately, that no less than 3158 editions and reprints of 2148 distinct 
works are given and described in their catalogue. Tackle in the far-off times was of the 
rudest, a taper reed for a rod, some twisted horsehairs for a line, and a hook more remarkable 
for power than finish, which is not surprising when we find that amateur hook-making was 
generally practised in those days. And even in books not much more than 100 years old, minute 
directions were given as to the manufacture of hooks. But the increase of the literature is 
symptomatic of the increase in the practice of angling, and if the noble and gentle Dame Juliana 
could only come out of Sopwell Priory to the not far distant banks of the Lea and see the 
class of people who throng its banks on any and every holiday to indulge in the gentle 
" dysporte of fysshynge with an angle," she would indeed be filled with amazement. For the 
sport of angling is now not only the sport of the select few, but of the many ; it is a benefi- 
cent, health-giving pursuit, good both for the body and mind of the toiling thousands or even 
millions who throng the back streets of our larger cities, and who have no other inducement to 
leave their unhealthy habitations for the fresh air of the country. From this point of view 
(and it is a national point) the art ^of angling is a powerful lever for good if properly worked 
and exercised. Fifty years ago the London angler was derided as the Cockney fisherman, and 
jokes innumerable were cut upon his skill, his rod and his tackle ; all this is changed, the 
fishermen and the tackle now sent forth from the great Metropolis are alike of the first excel- 
lence. Yearly, at the annual holiday, mighty fishers peers, members of Parliament, profes- 
sional men, hard worked men of business, rush off to Norway or Canada, the Highlands of 
Scotland, Wales, and Ireland, and by the banks of murmuring stream or thundering torrent 
recuperate brain, muscle and nerve power, in the absorbing pursuit after trout or salmon, 
returning after a six weeks' interregnum renewed and invigorated, and prepared to encounter 
anew the toil and exigencies of modern life and labours. That all the items required for 

E 



50 Great Britain^ Divisions XIIL-XVIL North Gallery. 

the practice of their art should be constantly improved upon and brought to the most excellent 
and handy make and fashion, is a matter of course. Rods, reels and lines, though admirable 
enough to meet all requirements in days gone by, are undoubtedly both better made and 
better suited to modern needs now, if the same amount of care is bestowed on their manu- 
facture which was wont to be given to them formerly. That much inferior tackle is also 
turned out, owing to the mania for cheapness, is undoubted. Manufacturers to meet this 
desire set up all sorts of clever time-and labour-saving machinery, and turn out rods by the 
score where they could only turn out units by hand. But the careful inspection and the 
thorough test so requisite in the case of a really good article, cannot be and is not given ; 
and though it is quite probable that by accident you may get a fairly good thing cheaply, it is 
equally so that you may find your purchase dear at any price, If an angler desires tackle 
which he can trust in, he should go to the best makers and pay the best price for it. Nets 
and other apparatus for fishing for salmon and other fish in fresh water have been so improved 
that the only fear is that they may become too perfect for the prosperity of the fisheries ; 
while the improvements in waterproof clothing, boats, and all other fishing requisites can 
better be seen than described. All countries have contributed to send us the best they can 
produce in all these matters, and the choice we now have is truly vast and varied. 

FRANCIS FRANCIS, 

Angling Editor of the " Field," and late Naturalist Director 
of the Brighton Aquarium. 



FKESHWATEE FISHING. 

^* In North Gallery (Promenade), running East and West. See Plan, p. 52. 



DIVISION XIII. 

Salmon nets and fixed appliances for catching Salmonidse in all 

their varieties. 

DIVISION XIV. 

Salmon rods, reels, lines, artificial flies and baits, gaffs, spears, 

creels, &c. 

DIVISION XV. 

Trout rods, reels, landing nets, lines, artificial flies, baits, baskets, 

bags, &c. 

DIVISION XVI. 

Pike, barbel, and other coarse-fish rods, reels and tackle, artificial 

spinning baits, &c. 

DIVISION XVII. 

Traps, nets, bucks, wheels, and all kinds of apparatus for catching 

eels, lampreys, &c. 

The Best and Cheapest. First Established 1825. 



EAVES 
FOOD 



FOR 



INFANTS 



INVALIDS. 



IN ONE -POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
SOLD EVERYWHERE. WHOLESALE OF THR MANUFACTURERS, 

R. WEAVE fc Co., Fording briclgrc, Eiig-laitcl, 



Great Britain Division XVltL North Gallery. 



DIVISION XYIII. 
Hooks, &c. 

416. DAVIDSON, GEORGE & WILLIAM, 18 Regent Quay, Aber- 
deen. Model Salmon Bag Net, Fly Net and Eiver Net. 

417. GEMS & CO., 94 East Street, Manchester Square. (1) Anglers' 
Chairs. (2) Baskets, " Piscatorial Combination," " Bouyant." (3) Life-saving Chairs. 
(4) Deck Chairs, &c. 

418. TOUGH, GEORGE, Salmon Fishings, Portmahomack, Kossshire, 
Salmon Net. 

419. BERWICK SALMON FISHERIES COMPANY, Limited, 
Berwick on Tweed, Model of Salmon Fishing Coble and Weir Shot Net as use! on the River 
Tweed. 

4Ipa. SEVERN FISHERIES BOARD. WILLIS BUND, Hon. Sec. 
(1) Model of a Fishing Weir at Preston Boats near Shrewsbury. This is a weir used solely 
for the purpose of fishing. Eeels and freshwater fish are what are usually caught at it. (2) 
Ground Plan of same. (3) Model of Fishing Weir at Fitz, Shropshire. (4) Ground plan of 
same. (5) Plan showing the fish passes erected by the Severn Commission in the Weirs 
across the Severn, Maisemore (Gloucester), Llanthory (Gloucester), Diglis (Worcester), Severe 
(near Worcester), Holt (Worcestershire). 

420. PARKER, WILLIAM, Chairman of the Board of Conservators of 
the Eden Fishery District, Carlton Hill, Penrith. (1) Plan of a Stake Net for Salmon, on a 
scale of 50 feet to an inch. (2) Detailed Model of one of the largest traps, on a scale of 
4 feet to an inch. (3) Coracle Net. 

421. FOYLE AND BANN FISHERIES, Fishery Office, Londonderry, 
Ireland. (1) Stake Net for capture of Salmon in Lough Foyle, Londonderry. (2) Cruives for 
capture of Salmon at the Salmon Leap, Coleraine, on the Kiver Bann. The property of the 
Hon. the Irish Society of London. 

422. FISHERIES PRESERVATION ASSOCIATION, per H. A. 
Kinloch, Secretary, 11 Seymour Street, Portman Square. (1) Models of Salmon Nets. (2) 
Models of Weirs with fish-passes. (3) Models of Putchers, &c. 

423. McCREADIE, G., Fort House, Ayr, N.B. Small Bag Net. 

423^. ENGLISH, JOSEPH, Crumlin, County Antrim, Ireland. Trammel 
or Set Net used in Lough Neagh, Ireland, for the capture of pollen or fresh-water herrings. 
Hundreds of tons of those fish caught by these nets are annually exported to England. 

424. NOBLE, JAMES, Wick, N.B. Samples of dyed Seal's Wool for 1 
dressing salmon, grilse and sea trout flies. 

425. VOKINS, WILLIAM, 1 Porchester Terrace, Hyde Park, W. Fish- 
ing rod, winch and bag fitted in glazed Mahogany case. A" relic of the late J. M. W. Turner, R.A. 

426. CUMMINS, WILLIAM JOHN, Bishop Auckland. (1) Salmon 
Eods, assorted sizes and qualities. (2) An assortment of Salmon Eeels. (3) The " Canadian " 
Salmon Lines. (4) An assortment of Flies and Baits. (5) An assortment of Gaffs. (6) 
Salmon Bags. (7) Salmon Fly Books. (8) Salmon and Trout Hooks. 

427. ALFRED & SON, 20 Moorgate Street, London, E.G. (1) Salmon 
Rods, of Split Cane, Greenheart, Hickory, &c. (2) Salmon Reels, Alfred's Pattern, &c. (3) 
Salmon Lines, prepared silk and plaited silk and hair. (4) Salmon Casts, plaited gut, double 
gut, and extra stout single gut. (5) Salmon flies, special collection. (6) Salmon baits, 
artificial fish, phantoms, Bell's Life spinners, &c. (7) Gaffs, Landing Nets, &c. (8) Trout 
Rods, Reels, Lines, Trout Flies on Hall's eyed-hooks, &c. (9) Bell's Life Spinners and other 
artificial Baits. (10) Folding Landing Rings, &c. (11) Pike, Barbel, and other Rods, &c. 
(12) Eel Traps. (13) Hooks. 

428. LITTLE, G., & CO., 15 Fetter Lane, London, E.G. (1) Salmon 
Rods. (2) Salmon Winches and improved Ebonite protected edge Winches. (3) Lines, Fly 
Books, and Dubbing Books. (4) Flies. (5) Baits. (6) Landing Rings, Gaffs, Nets, &c. 

G, LITTLE AND CO., 

FISHING ROD AND TACKLE MAKERS. 

GOLD MEDAL AND DIPLOMA OF HONOUR, 

Being the Highest Award at the NATIONAL FISHERIES EXHIBITION 
at Norwich, 1881. 

15, FETTER LANET LONDON, E.G. 

E 2 



52 



Great Britain Division XVtlt. North Gallery. 



THE 



PRO 




(7) Split Cane Bods. (8) Patent Soleskin Phantoms. (9) Trout Rods. (10) Split Cane 
Rods. (11) Winches, Lines, Flies, Patent Soleskin Phantoms, and Artificial Baits. (12) 
Unique Fly Book, and Fly Books. (13) New Winch Fittings. (14) Pike Rods, Bottom 
Rods. General Rods, New Winch Fittings, Winches, Lines, Artificial Baits, and all necessary 
Tackle and Traces. 

429. FARLOW, CHARLES, & CO., 191 Strand, London, W.C. (1) 
Salmon Rods, Reels, Lines, Artificial Flies and Baits, Gaffs, Spears, Creels, &c. (2) Trout Rods, 
Reels, Landing Nets, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, Baskets, Bags, &c. (3) Trolling, Spinning, 
and Bottom Rods. (4) Pike, Barbel, and other Coarse Fish Rods, Reels and Tackle, __ Artificial 
Spinning Baits, &c. (5) Hooks, &c. Swivels and Collapsing Rings, &c. 

439. MIL WARD, HENRY, & SONS, Washford Mills, Kedditch. (1) 
Artificial Trout Flies. (2) Sea, Lake and River Fish Hooks of every description. (3*) 
Processes in the manufacture of Fish Hooks in operation. 

431. PRICKMAN, E. P., 12 North Street, Exeter. (1) Artificial Bait 
and Flies. (2) The original u Angel Totnes " Minnow. (3) Artificial Flies made from 
natural colour feathers and materials. (4) Materials used for making artificial Salmon and 
Trout Flies. 

432. FORREST & SONS, 35 Square, Kelso, N.B. (1) Salmon Kods, 
Reels, Lines, Casts, Artificial Flies and Baits, Creels, Fish-bags, Landing Nets, Gaffs. (2) 
Trout Rods, Reels, Lines, Casts, Artificial Flies and Baits, Baskets and Bags. 

433. WRIGHT, JAMES, Spronston, near Kelso, Koxburghshire, Scotland. 
(1) Salmon Flies. (2) Salmon Casting Lines. (3) Sea Trout Flies. (4) Loch flies. (5) 
River Trout Flies. (6) Trout Casting Lines. 

434. SMITH, OGDEN, 4 Stanley Terrace, St. John's Hill, Clapham 
Junction. Collection of Salmon, Trout, and other Rods, Artificial Flies, Baits, &c. _ 

W, BARTLEET AND SONS, 

REDDITCH. 

TESTED FISH HOOKS & FISHING TACKLE, 

'** See Exhibit Case (not for competition) removed from 
PRANK BfTTCKIiANP'S FISHERY MUSEUM. 



Tk * T c? 



Great Britain Division XVIIL North Gallery. 



53 



1 E N A D E 




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435. RAMSBOTTOM, ROBERT, 81 Market Street, Manchester. Gut 
in the raw material and various forms of manufacture. 

436. WIGLEY, WILLIAM H., St. George's Eoad, Cheltenham. The 
registered Gloucestershire Spinner, and Artificial Bait for Salmon, Trout and Pike. 

437. BERNEY, GEORGE DUCKETT, Morton Hall, Norwich. 
(1) Landing Net and Salmon Gaif. (2) Trout Landing Net. (3) Model of Improved Eel 
Spear, with part of its handle cut off. (4) Model of Improved Eel Spear, without its handle. 

437. VOWLES, S. T., King's Mill Eoad, Milton, Sittingbourne. Eel 
Spears, single and double. 

438. RIDLEY, W. WELLS, Holmewood, Kenilworth. Casting and Back. 
Lines for salmon and grilse. 

439. ROBERTS, SAMUEL, Fishing Tackle Maker, Llangollen, N. 
Wales. Collection of Salmon and Trout Flies for Kiver Dee (Chester). 

440. FOSTER, D. & W. H., Ashbourne, Derbyshire. Trout Fly Rods; 
do. Keels (new and protected articles) ; also Fly Lines, Trout and Grayling Flies, Lake ditto, 
and Fly Books (new designs); also specialities in Gut Casts, Sea Trout Rods, &c. ; "The 
Scientific Angler," &c. 

441. TOPPIN, PERCY, Glan-yr-Afon, Strawberry Hill. A few 
Artificial Salmon Flies made by Exhibitor, chiefly suitable for the Welsh Rivers. 

442. HEARNS, JIM, Upper Mill Street, Ballina, Co. Mayo, Ireland. 
Case of Salmon and Trout Flies, suitable for Irish, Scotch and English waters. 

443. HARDY BROTHERS, Feukle Street, Alnwick, Northumberland. 
(1) Salmon Rods in built cane and wood, fitted with Hardy's Patent Lockfast Spiral Joint, 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

37, QUEEN VICTOBIA STREET, LONDON, ENGLAND; 

Largest Manufacturers in the World of the 

BEST OILSKIN^ CLOTHING, 

Prize Medals from all International Exhibitions. 



54 Great Britain Division XVIII. North Gallery. 

and Winch Fitting, cork and other handles, with new rings which cannot wear the silk lapping. 
Salmon Tackle. Books, Reels, Lines, Flies, Tackle, &c. (2) Trout Rods in built cane and 
wood, fitted with Hardy's Patent Lockfast Spiral Joints, and Winch Fitting, cork and other 
handles, from 8 ounces in weight, new pattern Triangular Landing Nets, new pattern Creel to 
contain the Tackle Hook, Sandwich Case, Reel, and Fish, with knapsack arrangement of 
straps ; New Spinning Minnow Tackle, Alnwick Spinner Reels, Books, Flies, Tackle, &o. 

444. TRICKETT, JOHN, 16 Bennett Street, High Fields, Sheffield. 
(1) Salmon Spears. (2) Knives for Scaling. 

445. EATON & DELLER, 6 and 7 Crooked Lane, London Bridge, 
London, E.G. (1) Six-piece split cane and other Salmon Rods. (2) Salmon Winches. 
(3) Salmon Flies. (4) Salmon Gut. (5) Six-piece split cane and other Trout Rods. (6) 
Trout Winches. (7) Trout Flies. (8) Trout Gut. 

446. MILNE, WILLIAM, Practical Fly Dresser and Fishing Tackle 
Manufacturer, 32 Back Wynd, Union Street, Aberdeen. (1) Samples of Salmon Flies used in 
general for Salmon Fishing. (2) Samples of Trout Flies used for Lake, River and Brook Fishing. 

447. ANDREWS, THOMAS LEO, High Street, Uppingham. (1) One 
case of Salmon Rods. A collection of glued-up rods, of varying strength and descriptions of 
cane. (2) A collection of Glued-up Trout Rods of varying strength and descriptions of cane. 

448. WILLIAMS, F. T., & CO., 10 Great Queen Street, London, W.C. 
(1) American Split Cane, Greenheart, Washaba, and Hickory Salmon Rods. (2) Improved 
Ebonite bound Winches. (3) General collection of Salmon Flies, for England, Ireland, 
Scotland, Wales, Canada, Norway, and India. (4) Phantoms, Exeters, the new "Boycott" 
Bait, and Exhibitors' improved rigid tail " Clipper " Bait, and various other Baits for Salmon. 
(5) Baskets. (6) Gaffs. (7) Handles. (8) Casts. (9) Exhibitors' make of Split Cane, 
Greenheart, and Hickory Trout Rods. (10) New portable Rods. (11) Ebonite, Bronzed, 
Brass, and Brass Check Winches. (12) Collapsing Nickel Plated Steel and Whalebone 
Rings. (13) Nets. (14) General collection of Artificial Flies and Spinning Baits, 
Traces, Casts, Plaited Silk and Hair Lines, prepared Silk Lines, Exhibitors' new pattern Fly 
Book. (15); Pike, Roach, Barbel Rods of every description, for punt or bank ; mounted 
Hooks, Lines, Floats, Shots, Reels, dressed and undressed ; Silk Lines of every description ; 
Jack Tackle of every description ; Japanned Boxes ; every description of Tackle for bottom 
and jack fishing. Improved Rigid Tail " Clipper " Bait for Pike and Perch, Dace, Spoons, 
and various other Baits. (16) Wicker and Wire Eel Traps. (17) Gudgeon and Minnow 
Cast Nets. (18) New pattern Crystal Roach Hooks, Nickel Plated, Bright and Blue, and 
various other pattern Hooks ; also double and treble Hooks of various descriptions. 

449. BERNARD, J., & SON, 5, Church Place, Piccadilly, London, S.W. 
(1) Salmon Rods, Reels, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, Gaffs. (2) Trout Rods, Reels, Landing 
Nets, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, &c. (3) Pike, Barbel, and other coarse Fish Rods, Reels, 
Tackles, Baits, &c. 

450. ROYSTON, ROBERT RICHARD, 10 King Street, Cambridge. 
Sample of Waterproofing, " with line that has been in use 3 years," and to be shown in a 
email flat glass case. 

451. FIELD, BASIL, 36 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. (1) Telescopic- 
handled Gaff Hook; with a Guard, folding up automatically when handle is elongated, and 
re-adjusting itself when handle is closed. (2) Bait Can, with Bellows in Handle, for aerating 
water. (3) Fly Rod, with novel appliance for fastening the splices, and splice protecting caps 
or covers. 

452. OGDEN & SCOTFORD, 7 Portland Terrace, Pittville, Cheltenham. 
Fishing Rods and Artificial Flies. 

453. ROGAN, MICHAEL, Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal. (1) Salmon Eod 
and Salmon Flies. (2) Trout Rod, Double-handed Lake Trout Rod, and Trout Flies. 

454. McMULLEN, WALTER JAS., 1 Ilkeston Villas, Ashhourne 
Grove, East Dulwich, London. (1) Combined Check and Plain Multiplier Winch. (2) 
Combined Check and Plain Winch. (3) Improved Hook Swivel. 

455. ANDERSON, R., AND SON, Dunkeld. (1) Dunkeld " Salmon 
id Trout Greenheart Rods. (2) Simplex Rod Joints. (3) " Anderson " Excelsior Hollow 

J, BEKNAKD & SON, 
5 CHURCH PLACE, PICCADILLY, S.W. 

MANUFACTURERS OP 

FIRST QUALITY FISHING RODS & TACKLE, 

SUITABLE POB ALI. PARTS OP THE WOELD. 
PRIZE MEDAL, 1862. 



and 



Great Britain. Division XVIIL North Gallery. 55 

Spindle Reel. (4) Salmon, Grilse, and Trout Lines. (5) Patent Lockfast Reel Fittings, 
(6) Paragon Fly-Books, fitted on a new principle. (7) Salmon, Scotch" Loch, and River 
Flies. (8) Mounted Casts for Lochleven and Highland Lochs. (9) Athole Fishing 
Basket. (10) Waverley Landing Net. 

456. CARTER, A., & SONS, 137 St. John Street Road, E.G. (1) Salmon 
and Trout Fishing Rods, Flies, Tackle, &c. (2) A Collection of other Fishing Rods, Flies, 
and Tackle. 

458. ALDRED, THOMAS, 258 Oxford Street, London. (1) Three-piece 
Glued up Triangular Cane, and other descriptions of Salmon Rods, Reels, Lines, and Tackle. 

(2) Three-piece glued up Triangular carie, and other descriptions of Trout Rods, Reels, Lines, 
and Tackle for Trout. (3) Pike, Barbel, and other Coarse Fish-Rods, Reels and Tackle, 
Artificial Spinning Baits, &c. 

459. PRICHARD, ERASMUS B. P., Noyadd House, Llangorse, 
Talgarth. Old Salmon Lines formerly used on the River Wye. 

460. BRUNTON, JOHN, M.A., M.D., 21 Euston Eoad, London, N.W. 
(1) Improved Hooks. (2) Bayonet-pointed Hooks, especially adapted for penetrating easily. 

461. O'PEE, DANIEL, Kasharkin, Co. Antrim, Ireland. (1) General 
Collection of Salmon Flies for Irish and Scotch Rivers. (2) A Collection of Salmon Flies for 
a few of the Irish Rivers. (3) Some Dyed Wools. 

463. SLATER, D., 9 and 10 Portland Street, Newark-on-Trent. (1) Col- 
lection of Salmon Rods, Lines, Artificial Flies, and Gut Casts. (2) Collection of Salmon 
Reels in Ebonite, Brass and Wood. (3) Collection of Trout Rods. (4) Collection of Trout 
Reels in Ebonite, Brass, and Wood. (5) Collection of Trout Lines, single and double taper. 

(6) Landing Nets. (7) Collection of Artificial Flies. (8) Collection of Trout Rods, Lines, 
Artificial Flies, and Gut Casts. (9) Collection of Artificial Baits. (10) Collection of Pike, 
Barbel, and other Coarse Fish Rods; also Nottingham style. (11) Collection of Wood Reels, 
Centre Pin Reels, with and without check action. (12) Collection of Bottom Tackle, Floats, 
and Lines. (13) Collection of Nottingham Floats and Lines. (14) Collection of general Rods. 

464. WATSON, W., & SONS, 308 and 313 High Holborn, London, W.C. 
(1) A Collection of Spliced Cane Salmon Rods, and other Salmon Rods of ordinary pattern 
but superior manufacture and finish. (2) A Collection of Artificial Flies for Salmon Fishing. 

(3) A Collection of various pattern Salmon Reels. (4) Salmon Lines, Gaff Hooks, Creels. 
(5) A Collection of spliced Cane Trout Rods, and Trout Rods of ordinary pattern, but superior 
manufacture and finish. (6) A Collection of Reels, Lines, Flies, Bait, &c., for Trout fishing. 

(7) A Collection of Spinning and Trolling Rods, Spinning Bait, Reels, and Tackle, (8) A 
Collection of Hooks for Fishing, comprising all the sizes and patterns in ordinary use. 

466. PATRICK, STEPHEN MELTON, 15 and 16 Bar Street, Scar- 
borough. (1) Salmon Rods, Reels, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, Gaffs, Spears, Creels. (2) 
Trout Rods, Reels, Landing Nets, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, Baskets, Bags, and special 
Winch Fittings. 

467. HOLROYD, E. A., 59 Gracechurch Street, London. (1) Salmon 
Rods, including a rod made expressly for use in India and the Colonies, adapted to Salmon, 
Mahsen, and general fishing. Salmon Reels, Lines, Artificial Flies, Baits, &c. (2) Trout 
Rods, Reels, Landing Nets, Lines, Flies, &c. (3) In this division is shown the new patent 
screw fitting for fly and spinning rods. (4) Coarse Fish Rods, Reels, and Tackle. 

468. MCCARTHY, THOMAS, William Street, Cashel, co. Tipperary, 
Ireland. (1) General Collection of Salmon Flies. (2) General Collection of Trout Flies. 

469. HOBAN, WILLIAM, Callan, Ireland. Case of Salmon and Trout 
Flies. 

470. GEHRLING & SON, 32 Pembroke Street, Caledonian Koad, 
London, N. (1) Fishing Steelyards or Sportsman's Scales of every description, marked to weigh 
ounces, or from 1 Ib. to 50 Ibs., manufactured in brass, with index faces, and nickel-plated 
throughout, preventing rust and inaccuracy. (2) Specimens of Fly Vices for Fly-making. 

471. MALLOCH, P. D., 209 High Street, Perth. (1) Collection of 
Salmon Rods, Reels, Lines, Gaffs, Artificial Flies and Baits. (2) Patent " Sun and Planet " 
Reel. (3) Collection of Trout Rods, Reels, Lines, Landing Nets, Artificial Flics, and Baits. 

THE LADUsS 1 ROY AL YACHTING ULSTER 

BLUE CASHMERE LINED SCARLET. 

SOLE MAKERS: 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



and Lor 



56 Great Britain Division XVIIL North Gallery. 

472. HOVELL, BEXFIELD W., St. Andrew's Works, Bedford Street, 
Norwich. Fishing Baskets, &c. 

473. HORNE, MISS, Hampton Park, Hereford. Case of Trout Flies 
for England. 

474. REDPATH & CO., Fishing Eod and Tackle Manufacturers 
(Wholesale and Export), Tweedside Works, Kelso, N.B. (1) Collection of Salmon Kods, 
Reels, Lines, Flies, Baits, Gaffs, Spears, Creels, Bags, &c., &c. (2) Collection of Trout Rods, 
Reels, Lines, Flies, Baits, Landing Nets, Baskets, &c. (3) Collection of Trolling, and other 
Rods, Reels, Lines, and Baits. (4) Collection of Gut, Gut Lines, Hooks to Gut, Spinning 
Tackle, &o. 

BARTLEET, WILLIAM, & SONS, Abbey Mills, Eedditch; 
ndon. H. Walker, Agent, 53 Gresham Street, E.G. Upright^ Case of Fishhooks and 
Fishing Tackle of all kinds for Sea and Inland Fishing. Transferred from the Buckland 
Museum of Economic Fish Culture. (Not for competition,) 

476. COOKE, ARTHUR, 339 Oxford Street, London, W. (1) Walking- 
stick Fishing Rods. (2) Sails, for Sailing on Skates. (3) Ice Sticks, &c. (4) Spear 
Walking Sticks. (5) Fishing Appliances. 

478. MACNEE, JAMES, Loch Tummel Side, Pitlochry, Perthshire. 
Case containing Salmon and Trout Flies with Pike Scale wings. Salmon Flies, Salmon and 
Trout Phantoms, Trout and Salmon Casting Lines, and implements to enable the amateur tc 
tie fly wings. 

479. DREW & SON, 30 Piccadilly Circus, London, W. Articles mad9 
from Crocodile, Porpoise, and Seal Skins. 

480. POOTE, HENRY G. B. W., Millfort, Mallow, Ireland. One dozen 
Artificial Trout Flies. 

483. GOLD, JOHN EDWIN, 284 Waterloo Road, London, S.E. 
Fishing Rods made by Exhibitor, comprising Glued up Split Cane Trout Rods in six pieces, 
Light Roach, Spinning, Trolling and other Rods, Winches and General Tackle. 

484. HYDE, W. DERBY, Witney, Oxon. General Collection of Flies. 

485. HOWARTH, SAMUEL, 184 and 185 Station Street, Burton-on- 
Trent. Case of Trout Flies, all tied by Exhibitor. 

486. PRAAG, ALEXANDER VAN, & SON, 9 Crown Street, Soho, 
London, W. Collection of Fishing Rods, Tackle, and Fishing appliances. 

487. ROBBINS, JOHN, Latimer Place, Latimer Street, South Bir- 
mingham. Angler's Companion. 

489. GREGORY, JAMES, 39 Vyse Street, Birmingham. (1) The 
Gregory Baits (nickel plated). (2) The Gresham Baits. (3) The Flexible Cleopatra Baits. 
(4) Gregory's Curved Baits. (5) Fishing Gazette Baits. (6) The Sportsman Baits. (7) 
The Clipper Baits and Spinners. (8) The Windsor Bee Baits. (9) The Wheeldon Salmon 
Bait. (10) Gregory's Spotted Trout Baits. (11) Gregory's Paragon Baits. (12) The 
Norwich, Colorado, Fishing Gazette, double and plain Spoons, in gilt and silver plated. (13) 
Burt's {Patent Spring Bait. (14) Gregory's Registered Archimedean Spinners for Dead 
Bait. (15) Gregory's Registered Spiral Indestructible Float Caps and Winch Fitting Rings. 
(16) The " Bell's Life " Rod Rings. (17) Gregory's Artificial Metal Dace. 

490. MARTIN, JOHN WILLIAM, 4 Northern Buildings, Lovers 
Lane, Newark-on-Trent. (1) Collection of Rods, Reels and Lines, Tackle suitable for the 
Nottingham style of fishing. (2) 2 Pike Rods, 3 joints. (3) 2 Roach Rods, 3 joints. (4) 
2 Chub and Barbel Rods, 3 joints. (5) 1 General Rod, 4 joints. (6) 1 Combination Rod, 
6 joints, (7) Pike Reel and Line. (8) Reel, Lines, Floats, and Tackle for Bottom Fishing. 

492. GAYNOR & SON, 10 Eoyal Terrace, Eichmond-on-Thames, 
Surrey. (1) Pike, Barbel, and other coarse Fish Rods, Winches, and Tackle. (2) Artificial 
Spinning Baits, Flies, and Insects, Gut and Gimp Pike Spinning. (3) Flights and Traces, 
Floats for various kinds of Fishing, Landing Nets, Silk Lines, Spoon Baits, Paternosters, 
Ledger Lines, New Metal Creel, Improved Double Slide Box Reel, Improved Slide Rider, 

CS-. JUI'JLTJLJE Ac <Do., 

FISHING-ROD AND TACKLE MAKERS. 
PATENT SOLESEIN PHANTOMS, 

The most eru.ccessfii.1 IJaft ever invented. 

15. FETTER LANE, LONDON, B.C. 



Great Britain Division XIX. West Gallery. 



57 



Snap Hooks, &c. (4) Eel Wheels or Traps. (5) Lampern Spurts ag used in Thames Fishery, 

(6) Apparatus for Catching Eels. 

493. PORROW, A. J., 12 Pulford Street, Pimlico, London, S.W. (I) Grig 
Weel. (2) Lamprey Week (3) Double Engine Trap. (4) Improved Eel Pot. 

494. FAITHFUL, JAMES, Houghton, Hants. (1) Eel pot fo7 Weirs. 
(2) Grig Pot. 

495. ERNE FISHERIES, Ballyshannon, co. Donegal, Ireland. (1) 
Model of Eel Weir with three Eyes and Watch House. Nets shown in Fishingbrder. (2) 
Photograph of Eel Weirs on Kiver Erne. 

502. COURT, CHARLES, Plymouth Works, Kedditch. Sole Inventor 
and Maker of the Enamelled Brown Rust-Proof Fishing Hooks with Bayonet Poijts ; also the 
Court Line Bait Hooks for keeping the baits alive without injury of the vital parte of the fish. 

503. HEMMING & SON, T., Windsor Mills, Eedditch. A) Salmon 
Trout Flies. (2) Hooks for Fly Dressing. (3) Double and Treble Hooks. (4) Registered 
Safety Pin and Baiting Needle. (5) Rods, Reels, and Lines. 

504. SHEFFIELD MANUFACTURERS' COLLECTION, per M. 
Hunter, Junior, Mayor of Sheffield. (1) Steel used for Fish Hooks. (2) Vajous Knives, 
&o., used by Fishermen. 

505. VALENTINE, GEORGE, 77 High Street, Perth. (L) Portable 
Pocket Case of Fishing Appliances. (2) Sportsmen's Fishing Knives. (3) Portable Weigh- 
ing Balances. (4) Hook-Dressing Pliers. (5) Scissors, &c. (6) Fish Eatinj Knives, &c. 

(7) Net Fishermen's Knives. 

505^. KELSON, GEORGE M., Colville Mansions, London, W. Owner's 
successful Patterns of Salmon Flies which won the Medal and Diploma at Berlin, and the 
Medal at Norwich. With the two medals in inscribed cases, with late successful patterns in 
a duplicate case. 

505&. ROBERTSON, WILLIAM, Fishing Tackle Merchant and 
Manufacturer, Central Arcade, Hope Street, Glasgow. (1) Collection of Saltton Rods, Reels, 
Lines, Gut Casts, Artificial Minnows, Baits, Gaffs, Landing Nets, Bags, &o (2) Complete 
collection of regular, Refina, Padron, Salmon and Drawn Gut. (3) Salmon Flies for River 
and Loch Fishing. (4) Special Floating Flies for Scotch Loch. (5) Collection of Gut Casts, 
Artificial Minnows, Baits, Gaffs, Landing Nets, Bags, &c. (6) Trout Fliffl for River and 
Loch Fishing. (7) Special Floating Flies for Scotch Lochs. (8) Compbte Collection of 
Fresh Water Angling Appliances, for Fly and Bottom Fishing. 

5050. SKENE & GOODBRAND, Mounthooly Eopework, Aberdeen. 
Samples of Fishing Lines and Salmon Twine as used by the fishermen on tie north and west 
coast of Scotland. 

505^. BLACKWATER, Coytrahen, Bridgend, South Wales. Case of 
Salmon Flies. 

505e. FFENNELL, HENRY, 8 Powis Gardens, W. Collection of Poach- 
ing Implements seized in various Salmon Districts of England and Wales. 

SOS/". OWEN, MOSTYN. (1) Appliances for protection of Salmon 
against poaching. (2) Hitch and Brick Hitch. (3) Barrel. 

505*7. DOULTON & CO., Lambeth, London. (1) Drinking Fountain in 
Doulton Ware. (2) Vases, Jugs, and various ornaments in Doultou Art Pottery. (3) Plain 
and Ornamental Filters, Jugs, &c., for ship uses, &c. (4) Vases, Cups, &c., ornamented with 
fish. (5) Tile panels with fish subjects. 

DIVISION XIX. [West Gallery.] See Plan, p. 76. 
Anglers' apparel of every description. 

506. CORDING, J. C., & CO., 19 Piccadilly, London. Anglers' water- 

proof apparel of every description. 

507. ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 37 Queen Victoria 

Street, London. (1) Collection of Anglers' Waterpoof Apparel. (2) Fishing Waterproofs of 




37, 



MAKER3 
Queen Victoria St., E. 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON 



58 Great Britain Division XIX. West Gallery. 

every description for Anglers, comprising Fishing Boots, Trousers, and Stockings, Fishing 
Brogues and Bags, Fishing Coats, Jackets, Capes, Hats and Gloves. (3) The Buckland 
Fishing Waders, very light, requiring 110 separate Brogues. (4) The New Buckland Fishing 
Jacket. Ventilated, affording absolute protection to the wearer in the roughest weather. 
(5) FisHng trousers, Stockings and Brogues, various, (6) The Eoyal Fishing and Yachting 
Boots foi Ladies, as supplied to the Queen. (7) Fishing Bags. The Walton, the Freke, 
the Buclland, the New Expanding Salmon, and other Bags. (8) The Patent " Leve Anti- 
pluvium " Fishing Waterproofs, lightest ever made. (9) India Kubber Leather-lined Fishing 
Boots, reqiire no dressing. 

508. EDMISTON & SON, 14 Cockspur Street, London. (1) Fishing 
Outfits in ^eneral. (2) Fishing Coats. (3) Fishing Boots. (4) Fishing Bags. (5) Fishing 
Hats. (6) Wading Stockings. (7) Wading Trousers. (8) Wading Brogues. (9) Wading 
Coats. (1() Wading Boots. 

509. CORDING, GEORGE, 125 Eegent Street, and 231 Strand, London. 
Collection rf Fishing Trousers, Stockings, Boots, Brogues, Coats, Bags, &c. 

510. POCOCK BROS., 235 Southwark Bridge L Eoad, S.E. Anglers' 
Waterproof Boots, made of leather, india-rubber, and canvas. 

511. DO RE, J. W., George Street, Hanover Square, London. Case con- 
taining full size models of Anglers' apparel (Ladies and Gentlemen) complete with several 
novelties anc recent improvements. 

512. HEATH, HENRY, 105 and 107 Oxford Street, London, W. 

(1) Samples of Anglers' Hatbands, for conveniently carrying artificial flies, hooks, points, &c. 

(2) Samples *f Hats for Anglers, shown in glass case. (3) The " Keeps Me Dry " Sou'-Wester, 
combination ia a Sou'-Wester of Hat, Hood, and Cape. (4) Anglers' Hats for Norway, &c. 

514. DOWNING, T. H. & CO., Leicester. Specimens of Machine 
Knitted Jersey and Franklin Frocks for Seamen ; also Kibbed Knickerbocker Hose and other 
articles for Fisiermen and Anglers. 

516. BAYLEY, MATTHEW, Flamborough. Fishermen's Apparel. 

$l6a. DEAN, JOHN R., 423, 424, Strand, W.O. The "Field" and 
" Cortex" Booti. 

5l6&. FAGG BROTHERS, 29 Haymarket. Fishermen's Boots. 

5l6c. BAEKER, JOHN, & CO., High Street, Kensington. (1) Anglers' 
Apparel. (2) Yaterproof Wading Boots for Fishermen's Apparel. 

$l6d. HAYLOCK, LEIGHTON, 272 Victoria Street, Grimsby. Fisher- 
men's Boots. 

5l6e. HUTCHINSON, A., & CO., London, Paris, Germany. (1) Men's 
India Kubber F.shing Boots. (2) Men's Deck Boots and Yachting Boots. (3) Ladies' 
Yachting Boots. (4) The Orient Shoe (Mr. Gaussen's Patent). (5) Chinese Fishing Boots. 



ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHERMEN. 

WHILST the prinury object of all International Industrial Exhibitions has ever been the 
advancement of A?t, Industry, and Commerce, they have not the less contributed to exhibit 
the wonderful resources of human genius, skill, and labour. With the present advanced 
state of the division of labour, it is difficult, in many cases, to trace the workmanship of 
any piece of work direct to the labourer himself. Hence the most exquisite specimens of 
mechanical or hand industry are often only known by the names of the manufacturers or 
producers who happen to exhibit them. But in a Fishery Exhibition there is not the same 
difficulty in identifying the part which the labourer has taken in the articles exhibited, and 
we are thereby brought in direct contact with the fisherman himself. 

It may not be easy to give material illustration of the economic condition of fishermen, 
nevertheless, we shall find it to a large extent reflected in the condition of the industry. If 
we see any fishery in the main carried on in little boats, owned by the fishermen themselves, in 
the same manner as the old handlooms in the silk industry, with more hands therein employed 
than would be required with due regard to economy, with antiquated or insufficient appliances, 
and using no other power than the wind, evidencing in fact on all sides want of capital and 
ingenuity, it is easy to conclude that the economic condition of the fishing population is 
unsatisfactory. If we see any fishery carried on in large and strong boats, worked on a large 
scale, with the most modern and effective gear and nets, using steam-power and attracting 
large capital, we may safely gather from it that the economic condition of the fishermen and 
all connected with the industry is likewise good, 



Great Britain Economic Condition of Fishermen. 59 

The fishing industry is allied to agriculture in so far as it is directed to gathering the 
spontaneous products of nature and placing it within reach of consumption and commerce. 
But it is also a manufacturing industry in all that regards drying, salting, curing, kippering, 
smoking, &c., and thereby subject to the factory laws. There is a wide difference in the 
condition of the industry between river fisheries and deep-sea fisheries, such as the herring, 
the cod, the pilchard, the whale, the oyster, and many others. In all cases, however, the 
fishing industry is fitful and irregular in times and seasons, and subject to great alternations 
of pressure, with long intervals of idleness, a circumstance which deeply affects the economic 
condition of the workers. In some localities the fisherfolk follow the fish ; when the fishing 
is ended in one locality, they proceed to another. In other localities the fisherfolk alternate 
fishing and agricultural labour ; and in others, when fishing is ended, the fishermen engage 
as sailors. But in all cases the occupation is of a most intermittent character, inconsistent 
with persistent labour, and well fitted to encourage lassitude and laziness. The fishing 
population can scarcely be said to belong to the towns, though affected by many of the 
conditions of town life. All along the coast-line of the British Isles and other countries, yet 
centred in fishing ports of greater or less importance, there they live, a hardy, adventurous 
race, ready, at all hazards, to gather the inexhaustible spoils of the sea. 

In several respects the fisherman's lot is worse than that of the agricultural labourer. It 
was stated in the Report of the Royal Commissioners on Sea Fisheries, that whilst, once 
in the year, an acre of good land, carefully tilled, produces a ton of corn, or two or three cwts. 
of meat or cheese, the same area at the bottom of the sea on the best fishing ground may 
yield a greater weight of food to the persevering fisherman every week in the year. Yet the 
result to those immediately interested are widely different. Thero are in the United Kingdom 
about 120,000 persons constantly, or occasionally, employed in fishing, who with their 
dependants may be taken at 400,000, and the total annual value of the British fisheries is 
stated to be over eleven million pounds sterling, giving an average produce of about 27 per 
head, whilst about 3,300,000 persons employed in agriculture raise annually produce to the 
extent of about 270,000,000, giving an average of about 82 per head. Accordingly the 
portion falling to the immediate workers respectively are very different. Whilst of the 
11,000,000 produced by the fisheries scarcely thirty per cent., or 3,000,000 go to the pockets 
of the fishermen, of the 270,000,000, the total produce of land, at least 25 per cent., or 
about 70,000,000, are spent in wages, giving in the case of the fishermen about 10 per head, 
exclusive of incomes from other occupations, and in the case of the agriculturist about 
21 per head a year, or, taking two earners per family, less than 6. a week for the fisherman, 
and about 16s. a week for the agriculturist. Follow, moreover, a fisherman family and a 
family of the agricultural labourer in their homes. The fisherman's family have to pay 10 
to 12 a year for house rent, the agriculturist 2 to 4 per annum. The agriculturist family 
has vegetables in abundance always at hand, the fisherman's must purchase everything. 

But how is it that the fisherman gets comparatively so little of the produce of his labour ? 
Can any economy be effected in the disposal of the fish ? Would not the contract of wages, 
which would leave the master free to economise the produce, prove more advantageous than 
the present system ? Or would not a contract of partnership between the owners and the 
fishermen, in the shape of the Commandite principle, answer the purpose better still? What 
can be done to render the industry more productive and more profitable ? Could not steam 
power be introduced in British fishing vessels as the French have introduced in theirs? Are 
not the boats used too small in most cases ? Are the gear and nets all that can be desired ? 
And what can be done to introduce more safety to life and ' property ? Can the electric 
telegraph be better utilized for the announcement to fishing vessels already at sea of 
threatening storms ? Is there not great need of larger and more frequent harbours of refuge 
all along the coasts? Are the boats and gear sufficiently insured, or can any system of 
mutual insurance be safely introduced? Is life insurance sufficiently appreciated by our 
fishermen ? Exposed to constant danger, do they take advantage of that beneficial system to 
provide that in case of loss of life their friends and relations shall not be left altogether 
forlorn ? The Post Office Savings Banks are extensively diffused. Do they enter all the nooks 
and corners of the coast, so as to encourage thrift and self-reliance among all connected with 
the fisheries? These are the questions which determine the economic condition of our 
fishermen. 



60 Great Britain Division XXL East Arcade. 

The programme of the Great International Fisheries Exhibition divides the subjects under 
this class into 1st. Apparel and Personal Equipment; 2nd. Food and Medicine Chest; 3rd. 
Models and Plans of Dwellings; and 4th. Contracts of Partnership, Insurance of Life, Boats, 
Gear ; and other branches, however, will probably be suggested at the conferences to be held 
on the economic condition of fishermen. A gracious Providence supplements the riches of 
the earth with the riches of the sea for the sustenance of the many millions of the human 
race. And it should be our endeavour, not only to advance as much as possible the 
conditions of the industry, but also to improve the economic condition for those engaged in 
the same. LEONE LEVI, 



Professor of the principles of Commerce and Commercial 
Law, King's Collet 



lege, London. 



DIVISION XXI. [East Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 
Apparel and personal equipment. 

517. GALLEY & CO., 148 Fenchurcli Street, E.G. (1) Samples of 
" TheseVs " Chemical Oil for the softening, preserving, and rendering waterproof all Leather 
articles, such as Sea Boots, Fishing Lines, Pump and Fire Hose, Leggings, Harness, &c., &c., 
and samples of articles prepared therewith. 

518. ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 37 Queen Victoria 
Street, London. (1) Fishermen's Oilskin Apparel and Personal Equipment. (2) Waterproof 
Oilskin Clothing for Fishermen of all nations. . (3) The Special " Captain's" Coat. (4) The 
"Admiral" Coat, with improved fly. (5) The " Plimsoll " Jacket. (6) The Super Leather- 
bound French Coat, with Epaulets. (7) Trousers, Leggings, and Sou'-Westers of every quality 
to match Coats and Jackets. (8) Women's Fishing Skirts with Bibs. (9) Women's Fishing 
Aprons, as supplied to the Newfoundland Fisheries. (10) Men's Fishing Vests, with and 
without sleeves. (11) Seamen's Bags. (12) The Royal Yachting Coat, as worn by Royalty. 

$l8a. BAIN, MRS. GEORGE, Eaton Eoad, Hampstead. Specimens of 
Hand-knitting from the Shetland Islands. 

519. CHISIM, ANGUS, 140 & 144 Corporation Street, Belfast. 
With a Branch in Ardglass, Ireland. (1) Oilskin Trousers, made closed up, without fly or 
fall, for hauling drift nets. (2) Oilskin Coat, no seam in the body, except the shoulder. (3) 
Sou'- Wester, with piece round back of the head. (4) Oilskin Trousers, Jacket and Hood in 
one. Irish Frieze. (5) Trousers and Double-breasted Sleeved Vest, made to button close up, 
or fold down at pleasure, 

520. ROSS, W. R., 23 Longate Street, Peterhead, N.B. Boots to be worn 
by Fishermen at Sea. - 

521. HENRY, JAMES HAY, The Pharmacy, Macduff, N.B. Specimens 
of Linseed Oil, for use in the preparation of Fishermen's Waterproof Clothing. 

522. FORBES, WILLIAM, 33 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B. A Specimen 
Suit of Clothing as worn by Moray Firth Fishermen. 

523. TIPPITT, SON, & CO., Plymouth, Fishermen's, Yachtsmen's, and 
Seamen's Clothiers and Outfitters. Fishermen's Clothing. 

524. BRAND, H. & E., Broad Kow and Trinity Quay, Great Yarmouth. 
(1) Grained Water-boots. (2) Entire Personal Equipment of Fishermen. (3) Life-size 
Models of Fishermen dressed for Sea or Shore Service. (4) Fishermen's Oiled and other 
Clothing. (5) Hand-knitted and other Guernseys. (6) Hand-knitted Mittens and Stockings. 

525. CRAIB, JAMES, & SON, 20 Duff Street, Macduff, N.B. Pair of 
Fishermen's Sea Boots. 

526. WILSON, WILLIAM, Albert House, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed. 
(1) Long Herring Fishing Boots. (2) Long Salmon Fishing Boots. (3) Knee Deck Boots. 
(4) Knee Salmon Fishing Bdots. (5) Wading or Shooting Boots. (6) Ladies' Kod Fishing 
Boots. (7) Gentlemen's Eod Fishing Boots. (8) Gentlemen's Waterproof Wading Stockings 
and Brogues complete. All Waterproof. 



ANUN, ABBOTT, AND ANJMSUN'S 
INDIA-RUBBER MATS. 

SUITABLE FOB 

SHIPS, YACHTS, STEAMERS, OAEBIAGES, ETC. 



Advertisement. 61 




METROPOLITAN 

Jf0xmiam antr Cattle 

ASSOCIATION. 

SUPPORTED ENTIRELY BY VOLUNTARY CONTRIBUTIONS. 



Offices: Victoria House, 111, Victoria Street, Westminster, S,W, 

President His GRACE THB DUKE OF WESTMINSTER, KG. &c. &o. 
Chairman of Committee and Treasurer JOSEPH FRY, ESQ. 
General Manager and Secretary JOHN LEE, ESQ., F.K.G.S* 



THIS IS THE ONliY AGKENOY FOB PROVIDING 

FREE SUPPLIES OF WATER FOR MAN AND BEAST 

IN THE STREETS OF LONDON, 

and the relief it affords both to human beings and dumb animals is incalculable 
The total number of Troughs and Fountains now (March 31st, 1883) 
erected, and at work in the Metropolis, is as follows : 526 Troughs for animals, 
and 511 Fountains for human beings, at which multitudes of men, women, 
and children, horses, oxen, sheep, and dogs, quench their thirst daily, amounting 
in the aggregate to probably not less than the enormous total of 250,000,000 
drinkers in a year. 

The Committee are urgently in need of and earnestly solict liberal contributions 
to enable them to sustain and extend this simple scheme for the amelioration of 
animal suffering and the promotion of habits of temperance amongst our itinerant 
and working population. Contributions may be paid to the Bankers, Messrs. 
KANSOM, BOUVERIE, & Co. ; Messrs. BARCLAY, BEVAN, & Co. ; or to the General 
Manager and Secretary, at the Office. 

To those benevolent individuals who may be inclined to become Benefactors by Will to the 
Society, the following form is respectfully suggested : 

" J give and bequeath the sum of to be paid out of such 

parts of my personal estate as can be lawfully applied for that purpose unto the 
Treasurer for the time being of a Society , called or Jenoton by the name of THE 
METROPOLITAN DRINKING FOUNTAIN AND CATTLE TROUGH 

ASSOCIATION, to be at the disposal of the Committee for the time being of the 
said Society. 1 ' 

NOTE. For the information and guidance of persons erecting Memorial or Gift Fountains 
either in Ixmdon or the Country, a number of Models and Designs are on view at the Office ; or the 
General Manager will be happy to give all the advice and information in his power by letter, and 
to furnish designs and cost of Fountains without charge. 



62 Great Britain Division XXlLEast Arcade. 

527. WENTWORTH, MESSRS., 12 Museum Street, London, W.C. 
(1) Fishermen's and Sailor's Oilskin and other Coats rendered unsinkable. (2) Blue Jackets' 
Unsinkable Suits for torpedo and other dangerous services. (3) Unsinkable Suits for Fisher- 
men on transfer service. (4) All kinds of Belts for Sailors, Fishermen, and Lifeboats. The 
whole protected by three English patents. For articles for Ladies and Gentlemen, see No. 353. 

528. JOHNSON, J. W., & SONS, Manufacturers, Great Yarmouth. 
(1) Life Saving Apparel. (2) Every description of Waterproof Oil Clothing, as worn by 
Fishermen of the British Isles and other parts of the world. (3) Waterproof Oil Clothing 
for Captains, Sailors, and Pilots. (4) Sou'- Westers for all parts of the world. (5) Every 
description of Fishermen's Clothing, other than Waterproof, for sea and shore service. (6) 
Water Boots of all lengths. (7) Life-saving Garments, as worn by Life-boat Crews and 
Fishermen engaged in ferrying Fish from smack to carrier. (8) Waterproof Oil Clothing in 
all Garments for ladies and gentlemen Yachting and Fishing. (9) Ladies' Waterproof Oil 
Cloak fitted with Life-saving Apparatus. 

529. HALL, JOHN, 20 Shore, Macduff, N.B. Collection of Fishermen's 
Sea Clothing, other than waterproof. 

530. SIEBE, GORMAN AND CO., 147 Westminster Bridge Road, S.E. 
Diving apparatus for sponges. 

531. PILKINGTON, W., 180 East India Dock Eoad, Poplar, London, E. 
Sample of 4 Pairs of Fishermen's Waterproof Sea Boots (Leather), suitable for wading and 
deep-sea fishing. 

53I. PREIST & CO., 514 Oxford Street, London, W. (1) Preist's 
Patent " Exeter " Fishing Knife. (2) New and improved Smoking Knives for Fishermen. 

(3) Pic-nic Knives, and Knives with Combination of Knife, Spoon, and Fork for Fishermen. 

(4) Fly-fishing Scissors Gut Trimmers, Fishing Plyers, and Disgorgers, &c. (5) Spring 
Fish-weighers. (6) Knives and Scissors, specially for fishermen generally, knives containing 
all necessary appliances for fishing purposes. 

5316. CORNWALL, COMMITTEE FOR. For details, see page 126. 

53lc. WHITING, H. G., 11 Poultry Chambers, Cheapside, London, E.G. 
(1) Fisherman's Magnetod Boots. (2) Magnetod ; Rowing Belt and Wristlets, Magnetod Vests 
for Prevention and Cure of Rheumatism. (3) Universal Nerve Invigorator for the Prevention 
and Cure of Bronchitis. (4) Magnetod Drawers to prevent Cramp. (5) Swimming Belts 
(Magnetod). (6) Magnetod Appliance for Prevention of Sunstroke. (7) Magnetod Ap- 
pliances, for every part of the body, for the Prevention and Cure of Scurvy, Ague, Lumbago, 
Sciatica, Amaurosis, &c. (8) Electric Life Reviving Apparatus. This apparatus is for 
restoring the heart's action, and can be applied in a quarter of a minute to the man taken 
out of the water, and in conjunction with the usual means employed. (9) Sea Sickness 
(Prevention) Apparatus. (10 Fisherman's Magnetod Coats, Cloaks, Caps, &c., to prevent 
the effects of damp and cold. (11) Magneto-Electric Machines and Electric Batteries, for 
many diseases connected with the sea. (12) Magnetod Hair, Flesh, and other Brushes to 
cure Neuralgia and other nervous diseases. (13) Small Compasses, Thermometer, &c. 

DIVISION XXII. [East Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 
Food and medicine chests. 

532. WALKER & HARRISON, Phoenix Biscuit Works, Katcliff Cross, 
London, E. Samples of Ship Biscuits, Flour, Peas, Oatmeal, &c. 

5320. NEEDHAM, A. J., 14 Hammersmith Terrace, London. Patent 
Atmospheric Fountain. 

533. NESTLE, HENRI, 9 Snow Hill, London. (1) Condensed Swiss 
Milk. (2) Milk Food. 

534. HENRY, JAMES HAY, The Pharmacy, Macduff, N.B. (1) Speci- 
mens of Fishermen's Medicine Chests. (2) Exhibit of Henry's " Marine Saline," being an 
Effervescent Preparation, containing some of the Saline Constituents of Seaweed and Sea- 
water. 

BY SPECIAL BOYAL APPOINTMENT. 

r>AY ? SOST^&^SEWITT^S 

"ORIGINAL" STOCKBREEDER'S MEDICINE CHESTS, 

CONTAINING THE " CEEM1CAL EXTRACT," "GASEOUS FLUID," "RED DRENCH" &c, 

Prices: 2 16s. 6d. and 6 6s. Carriage paid. 
22, DOKSET STREET, BAKER STREET. LONDON, W. 



Great Britain Division XXIII. East Arcade. 63 

535. MITCHELL & MUIL, Biscuit Manufacturers, Aberdeen. Samples 
of various kinds of Sea Biscuits used by Fishermen. 

536. EDMUNDS, JOSEPH, 134 Pentonville Road, London. Bazing 
Powder for making bread without yeast. (2) Egg powder, a substitute for making cake* &c. 
(3) The Favourite Custard Powder, for making custards without eggs. (4) The ditti for 
making Puddings, milk only required. 

537. MARCHANT, MRS. H., ' 29 Tabor Grove, New Wimblecon. 
(1) " Soldier and Sailor" (oil painting). (2) "Lobster Pot," Isle of Wight (water colour 

538. LIGGINS, HENRY, 3 Ladbroke Square, Netting Hill. Blick 
Model of Ship. (2) Half Model on mahogany board. 

539. PREVET, C., & CO., late CHOLLET & CO., 134 Fenchush 
Street, London, E.G. (1) A glazed frame containing a " Mosaic," composed of Compressd 
Vegetables of various kinds, for use at sea, as regularly supplied to Her Majesty's Govea- 
ment. (2) Two glass cylinders containing uncompressed Mixed Vegetables, and uncompressd 
Julienne Vegetables, preserved, for short cruises. (3) A whole Cabbage preserved dry ty- 
Exhibitors' special process. (4) Samples of Compressed Mixed Vegetables and Julienne s 
dietetic and anti- scorbutic food for fishermen and especially whalers. (5) Three tins, one f 
16 Ibs., one of 8 Ibs. and one of 4 Ibs., to show the three sizes of packages of Exhibitors' good 
for use at sea. (6) Samples of various Consolidated Soups in tins, for use at sea. 

541. LINTON, R. T., Manufacturing and Pharmaceutical Chemist 
Edinburgh and Leith. Office, 8, Nicolson Street, Edinburgh. (1) Medicine Chests suitable 
for Lighthouses, Yachts, Emigrant Ships, &c. Thermoplastic Splints, likewise Splints for 
Fractures and Broken Bones. 

542. McCALL, JOHN, & CO., 137 Houndsditch, London. (1) Show 
Case of Preserved Meats in tins. (2) Paysandu Ox Tongues. (3) Australian Beef and 
Mutton. (4) Tasmanian Babbits. (5) Western Meat Co.'s Babbits. 

DIVISION XXIII. [East Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 
Models and plans of dwellings. 

543. ALLEN, EDWARD ELLIS, 111 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea, S.W. 
Fisherman's Cottage. This exhibit will be near Machinery in motion. 

544. MACLEAN, A. J., Pennycross, Argyleshire, N.B. (1) Communica- 
tion with Fishing Fleets at Sea. (2) Plans of Fishermen's Dwellings. (3) Plan of Peat Ice 
House. (4) Model Kailway Van, for conveying fish to market. (5) Model Fish Box. 

545. DEAN, MRS. ELIZABETH, 2 Godwin Koad, Hastings. Model of 
a Fisherman's Dwelling House and Furniture. 

546. MACKENZIE, R., Master of Works, 48 Holborn Street, Aberdeen, 
N.B. (1) Model of Fishermen's Houses. (2) Two Plans of Fishermen's Houses. 

547. GREENWOOD, WILLIAM, & CO., 60 Market Street. Man- 
chester. Ventilators, for Dwellings. Patent New Style Ornamental Ventilators, in the form 
of plaques, brackets, and china, parian, Dresden, &c., vases and ornaments, suitable for 
dwelling-houses, saloons, &c. 

548. BREBNER, THOMAS, Builder, Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire. 
Model of Fishermen's Houses, with Plan. 

549. LAWRENCESON, L., Lerwick, Shetland. Model of Fisherman's 
Cottage. 

54Qa. CHAMBERS, OLDHAM, & WILLINS, Architects, Bank Plain, 
Norwich. Plans of Fishermen's Waterside Dwellings. 

(1) Plan of Fish Market (Ground) ; (2) Plan of Basement and First Floor ; (3) Plan or 
Eoof: (4) Plan of Transverse Section; (5) Plan of Longitudinal; (6) Plan of Interior. 
Design for Seamen's School. Design for Fishermen's Village. Bird's-eye View. 

THE PATENT VICTORIA STONE, 

AS LAID in the Entrance Hall and Fish Market of 
the FISHERIES EXHIBITION, has been used by 
eighteen Metropolitan Vestries; sixty miles (taken at 
seven feet wide) having been laid in London footways, 
where there is the greatest traffic in the world. 

Wharf and Offlc : 283A, Kingsland Road. 
Works : Stratford, Essex; and Groby! Quarries, Leicester. 



64 Great Britain Class 111. Commercial and Economic. 

DIVISION XXIY. ; 

Contracts of partnerships ; insurances of, life, boats, gear, &c. ; 
benefit societies, 

5&. SHIPWRECKED FISHERMEN AND MARINERS' 
JtO.AL BENEVOLENT SOCIETY, THE, Hibernian Chambers, London Bridge. 
(1) ?rame with Testimonial. (2) Frame with Testimonial. (3) Frame with Forms, &c. 
(4) mnual Publications. (5) Quarterly Publications. (6) Gold Medals. (7) Silver Medals. 
(8)Jther Medals. (9) Flags, &c. (10) Serial Issues and Pamphlets. [West End of Life^ 
boaiShed.-] 

J4Qc. THAMES CHURCH MISSION TO SEAMEN, FISHER- 
MAN", &c. (THE), 31 New Bridge Street, Ludgate Circus. Various Exhibits illustrative 
ofpe Society's important effort to reach the deep-sea fishermen by means of Mission Smacks 
erasing with the fleets. [Entrance Hall.'] 

. BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SpCIETY, 146 Queen 
Vftoria Street, E.G. Copies of the Holy Scriptures in whole or in part in 250 languages or 
delects. Scriptures at low prices supplied to Sailors and Fishermen. [Corridor to Fish 



CLASS III. COMMERCIAL AND ECONOMIC. 
ARATION, PRESERVATION, AND UTILIZATION OF FISH AND ALL FORMS OF LIFE 

INCLUDED IN CLASS V. 

HIS class has been divided into two groups, consisting (1) of those products of the fisheries 
hich by undergoing some process of preservation can be made available as useful articles 
f food for weeks, months, or even years after the fish so treated has been caught, and (2) 
thers from which oils, manures, and materials applicable to mechanical, agricultural or 
ornamental purposes are obtained. 

Attention may first be directed to the various modes of curing fish for edible purposes, 
and these are mainly included under salting and smoking, although simply drying in the 
air is sufficient in some cases as a rough mode of preservation. In our own country, and 
especially in Sweden and Norway among Continental nations, curing operations have long 
been extensively carried on, and wholesome competition between them to meet the require- 
ments of the German and other markets has done much to ensure the strictest attention being 
given to the selection of the best fish and all that is necessary for perfection in curing. This 
especially refers to what is known in this country as the " White herring cure," a method of 
preservation which employs thousands of men and women in Scotland, and which a special 
Board of Fisheries takes under its immediate superintendence, and certifies with its brand 
on the casks if the curing has been properly done, and the curers desire the official marks. 
The preparation of white herrings is very simple, and essentially consists in packing the fish 
in salt, which soon turns to brine, and this method of preparation is termed the " wet cure." 
The same method is applicable to other kinds of fish, particularly to cod and ling, and with 
some little modification to pilchards, which in Cornwall and on the north coast of Spain 
are largely cured for the Mediterranean markets. The great distinction between the treat- 
ment of pilchards and other kinds of fish cured wet being in the fact of pilchards being piled 
up in alternate layers of fish and salt on the ground for a few weeks before they are finally 
packed with salt in the barrels. By this treatment a considerable quantity of useful oil is 
obtained from them, and the fish are rendered more palatable. The numerous examples of 
fish from various countries cured by merely salting and drying show how much may be done 
in preserving fish for food with little trouble and at a trifling cost. The important fisheries 
of Newfoundland well represent this method of curing. Another mode of preservation is 
that so familiar on our tables in the form of sardines cured in oil. This method is applied 
to several kinds of fish in foreign countries, but has been only tried in our own within the 
last few years, and that with young pilchards, the fish which in France are so largely cured 
and sold under the name of sardines. 

Curing with salt and smoke is a more elaborate process, which is especially carried out 
in this country, and the several models of curing-houses here exhibited well illustrate the 
manner in which red herrings, bloaters and kippers are prepared for the home and foreign 
markets, and will be examined with general interest, This mode of curing has been enor- 



Great Britain Clasd III. Commercial and Economic. 65 

mously extended within comparatively recent years. Many people will be surprised to hear 
that hardly more than thirty years ago, when trawling was beginning to be systematically 
carried on in the North Sea, haddocks were caught in such vast numbers that there was 
hardly any market for them, and the fishermen were ordered to bring only a certain 
number ashore. Tons of them were then thrown overboard again ; but the plan of smoking 
these fish was suggested and proved so successful that quite a new industry resulted from it, 
and now smoked haddock is so abundant that it comes within the reach of almost the poorest 
of the population. The preservation" in tins of everything which may be roughly included 
under the head of fish forms another very important industry, especially on the other side 
of the Atlantic, and large supplies are sent to this country, much of it to be again exported 
all over the world as well as for consumption on board ship ; and this in addition to the 
well-known productions of our own manufacturers. The universal demand for fish in some 
shape, whether fresh or preserved, is constantly increasing; and when it is remembered 
that really good fish is only found in any abundance in temperate or cool climates, and that 
comparatively few countries are fortunate enough to possess a favourable coast under such 
conditions, the advantages of being able to preserve fish in a fit state for food for long 
periods so as to bear carriage all over the world cannot fail to be properly appreciated. 

In addition to the various kinds of cured or preserved fish, numerous articles coming 
under the head of fish products deserve some attention. Such are medicinal oils, roes, 
sounds, gelatine and isinglass. These are for the most part the productions of northern 
climates, and wherever the cod fishery is carried on with the object of curing the fish, the 
livers and roes are carefully kept, and form an appreciable item in the results of the fishery. 
It is a matter of some interest that the success of the sardine fishery in the Bay of Biscay is 
largely dependent on the fishermen being supplied with plenty of cod-roe. It is used as bait, 
and after being broken up, the separated grains are plentifully scattered among the nets as 
they float in the water, and the sardines in their eagerness to obtain this attractive food, 
find their way into the nets and are caught. Caviare, one of the peculiar products of Russia, 
is prepared from the roe of various species of sturgeon, and undergoes little preparation 
beyond salting and pressing; but many examples will be observed among the productions 
of other countries, especially of Sweden, of the roes of several kinds of sea fish prepared 
in the same manner as the original Russian caviare. The refuse of fish is utilised to some 
extent by being converted into manure or fish guano ; and sprats in this country during the 
height of the special season when these fish are most abundant and the ordinary markets 
are glutted with them, are sold in thousands of bushels direct from the fishing vessels, and 
conveyed inland by the neighbouring railways to be thrown on the fields. The different oils 
obtained from sundry kinds of fish, seals and whales, will attract attention from the many uses 
to which they are applied, especially for lubrication, and the true fish oils have a special 
value in the preparation of leather of various kinds. 

Pearls, mother-of-pearl and tortoiseshell being the special productions of warm climateB, 
are best represented in the exhibits of some of our colonial possessions and countries near the 
tropics. Ceylon pearls have been famous for centuries, and still take their place in the 
market, although the supply is small compared with that from the Persian Gulf and a few 
other localities. The shells of the pearl oyster are represented in various stages of growth and 
showing the nacreous lining of the same material as that of which the pearl itself is entirely 
composed. The mother-of-pearl, as this substance is called, is in these oysters too thin and 
small to be useful for manufacturing purposes, and this beautiful material, so much used for 
ornamental work, is obtained from a much larger oyster, the shell of which is thick and 
massive, and whose value depends almost entirely on the shell itself, and not on the small 
pearls produced in it. A large collection of objects will attract attention from their beauty 
and the variety of purposes to which the skins of certain kinds of fish and reptiles are 
applied, notwithstanding their unpromising nature; and much interest will be felt in the 
beautiful display of coral, tortoiseshell and shell ornaments, and the several methods by 
which they can be turned to account. 

Returning once more to the large subject of obtaining an abundant supply of fish as an 
article of food, we find numerous appliances for keeping the fish cool during transport from 
the sea to the market, and this section deserves careful examination, as the main principle of 



66 Great Britain Divisions XXV., XXVI. Corridor to Fish Market. 

refrigeration or cooling here illustrated has an important bearing on the question of transport- 
ing other kinds of perishable food from distant countries. Finally, attention may be directed 
to the several plans and models of fish-markets with their arrangements for the quick receiving 
and delivery of the fish, and altogether it will be noted that large as are the interests of 
those concerned in the actual fisheries, those connected with the transport, preservation 
and disposal of the fish are hardly less important. 

E. W. H. HOULDSWORTH, F.L.S., &c. 



DIVISION XXV. 
COMMEECIAL AND ECONOMIC. 

Preparation, preservation, and utilisation of fish, and all forms of 
life included in Class V. 

DIVISION XXYI. [Corridor to Fish Market.] See Plan, p. 70. 

Fish dried, smoked, cured, salted, tinned, or otherwise prepared 

for food. 

(a) For edible purposes 

Models of fish-curing establishments. Methods of, and models and other representations of 
any appliances for, drying, curing, salting, smoking, tinning, cooking, &c. 

550. SAYER & CO., 100 Lower Thames Street and Billingsgate, London. 
Model 6f Fish Curing Establishment, with all the latest improvements. Model of Billingsgate 
Market. 

551. ALLEN, EDWARD ELLIS, 111 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea. Model 
and Drawing of Fish Market, &c. 

552. FISHERY BOARD FOR SCOTLAND, Edinburgh. (1) White 
Herring Cran Measure (1). (2) White Herring Barrel (1). (3) White Herring Half 
Barrel (1). (4) Six Gauging Instruments, viz., Set of Callipers (2), Slide Rule (1), Diagonal 
Rod (1), Imperial Gallon Measure (1), one-third Gallon Measure (1). (5) Five Branding 
Irons, viz., Crown " Full " Iron (1), do. " Mat." Iron (1), do. " Spt." Iron (1), do. " P " Iron (1), 
do. Cran Iron (1). 

552^. BARRON, R., Macduff, N.B. Herring Barrel. 

553. PARK, J. & T., Fish Curer, Fraserburgh, N.B. Model of Fish 
Curing Establishment, made to a scale. 

554. SOFTLEY, R. T., 63JA King Street, Great Yarmouth. Model of 
a Fish Curing Establishment, 

555. MOIR, JOHN, & SON, Limited, 148 Leadenhall Street, London, 
E.G. Factories: London, Aberdeen, Seville (Spain), and Wilmington (Del. U.S.A.). (1) 
Models of Smoking Houses for Findon Haddocks, Kippered Herrings, and Red Herrings. (2) 
Exhibits of English, Scotch, and American Smoked, Dried, and Preserved Fish, in glass anr>. 
tins, including Salmon, Findon Haddocks, Turbot, Whitebait, Soles, Lobster, Sturgeon, Shad, 
Potomac Herrings, &c. (3) Bag-Net for Salmon Fishing and Models of Smoke Houses. 

556. DICKSON & RENWICK, of London, Liverpool, and Glasgow, 
39 Lombard Street, London. (1) Salmon. A. Booth's Brand. (2) Oysters. A. Booth's 
Brand. (3) Lobster. Forrest & Co. 'a Brand. (4) Salmon. Sovereign Brand. Tall tins. 
Columbia River. (5) Salmon. Sovereign Brand. Flat tins. Columbia River. (6) 
Mackerel. Sovereign Brand. (7) Herrings. Sovereign Brand. (8) Lobster. Sovereign 
Brand. Tall tins. (9) Lobster. Sovereign Brand. Flat tins. (10) Oysters. Sovereign 
Brand. (11) Clams. Sovereign Brand. (12) Shrimps. Sovereign Brand. (13) Salmon, 
Smoked. Sovereign Brand. 

557. SUTTON, G. F., & CO., White Horse Yard, 100 High Holborn, 
London. (1) Gorgona Anchovies as imported, in original package. (2) Set of Samples of 
preparations of the above. (3) Specimen glasses : Fish prepared in various ways. 

JOHN MOIR & SON, LIMITED, 

of Jfis|, Sraps, Heats, rob flfcjtf abto. 

ESTABLISHED 1822. 

For Particulars of Exhibit see page &?* 



Advertisement. 67 



JOHN MOIR & SON, 

LIMITED, 

LONDON, ABERDEEN, SEVILLE, AND WILMINGTON 

(DELAWARE, U.S.A.). 



to 1.1.1. tbt IBnna at Malts: 



Exhibit from their London, Aberdeen, and American Factories, the 
undernoted Fish, preserved in glasses and tins 

HERRINGS. Fresh Herrings, Kippered Herrings, Eed Herrings, Devilled 

Herrings, Herrings in Shrimp Sauce, Tomato Sauce, and Fennel Sauce ; 

Pickled Herrings, Herrings a la Sardines, Digby Chicks, Potomac 

Pickled Herrings, Fried Herrings, Spiced Herrings. 

HADDOCKS IN GLASSES. Fresh Haddocks, Findon Haddocks, Haddock 

Eoes. 

SALMON IN GLASSES AND TINS (Scotch). Fresh Salmon, Collared 

Salmon, Salmon Cutlets, Salmon Cutlets in Sauce, Salmon Cutlets in 

Oil, Pickled Salmon with Vinegar, Salmon Cutlets in Indian Sauce, 

Kippered Salmon. 

COD FISH IN GLASSES. Fresh Cod, Compressed Cod, Cod Roes, Cod 

Fish Balls, Smoked Cod Koes, Cod Sounds. 
LING FISH IN GLASSES. Fresh Ling. 

TURBOT IN GLASSES AND TINS. Fresh Turbot, Turbot Cutlets. 
POTTED FISH IN GLASSES AND TINS. Lobster, Salmon, Shrimp 
Bloater Paste, Anchovy Paste, Potted Turtle Meat, Potted Crab, Potted 
Findon Haddocks. 

MACKEREL. Fresh Mackerel, Kippered Mackerel, Mackerel in Sauce. 
SOLES IN GLASSES.-Soles, Fried Soles, Fillets of Soles. 
LOBSTERS IN GLASSES AND Tl NS, also Curried. 
OYSTERS IN GLASSES AND TINS. Fresh Oysters, Pickled Oysters, 

Curried Oysters. 

ANCHOVIES IN GLASSES. Gorgona, ditto in Oil. 

FISH SOUP IN GLASSES AND TINS. Fish Soup white, Terrapin Soup, 
Green Turtle Soup for Invalids, Real Turtle Soup clear and thick, 
Lobster Soup, Oyster Soup, Mulligatawny Fish Soup, Bouillabaisso , 
or French Fish Soup. 

VARIOUS FISH IN GLASSES. Green Turtle, Sturgeon, Sturgeon Cutlets, 
Potomac Herrings in Jelly, Chesapeake Bay Rock Fish, Delaware 
White Perch, Delaware Shad in Jelly, Florida Red Snapper, New 
England Brook Fish, Brandy Wine Suckers, Delaware Perch, Susque- 
hanna Yellow Perch, Delaware Rock Fish in Jelly, Eastern Shore 
Common Terrapin, Chinconteague Sound Diamond Back Terrapin in 
Jelly, Red Snapper Cutlets, Red Snapper Cutlets in Jelly, Red Snapper 
Cutlets with Oyster Sauce, Broiled Shad, Dried Sprats, Russian 
Caviare, Soft Bpeldings, Whitebait. 
SHELL S. Diamond Back Terrapin. 
SAUCES. Fish Sauce, Essence Anchovies, Essence Shrimps, Essence Lobster, 

Indian Sauce for Salmon Cutlets. 

CURRY POWDER. Specially prepared for Fish Curries. 
SARDINES. Sardines in Oil, Sardines in Butter, Sardines boneless, Hardines 
with Tomatoes, 



68 Great Britain -^Division XXVlsCorridor to Fish Market. 

558. PENEAU, JOSEPH, 6 Martin's Lane, Cannon Street, E.G. 
Street, B.C. Collection of Samples of Sardines in Oil, in Tins of various sizes. 

559. LATHAM, A. W,, & CO., as Agents. 17 Philpot Lane, London, E.C. 
(1) Barataria Prawns in one and half Ib. (nominal) Tin Cans. (2) Barataria Oysters in one 
Ib. (nominal) Tin Cans. (3) The same Article put up in Alcohol in Show Glasses. (4) 
Columbia Hirer Salmon, in one Ib. Tall and Flat Tin Cans. (5) The same Article put up in 
its natural form in a large Tin Can. 

560. MACONOCHIE BROTHERS, Raglan Works, Lowestoft, Suffolk. 
Tinned Herrings, Mackerel, and other Fish. 

561. TULLOCH, WILLIAM & SON, Export Provision Manufacturers, 
26 & 27 Bury Street, London, E.C. (1) Preserved Salmon in Tins. (2) Preserved Lobster 
in Tins. (3) Preserved Fresh Herrings in Tins. (4) Kippered Herrings in Tins. (5) 
Bloater Herrings in Tins. (6) Herrings a la Sardine in Tins. (7) Finnan Haddocks in Tins. 
(8) Sardines and Sprats in Tins. (9) Oysters in Tins. (10) Bloater Paste in Tins. (11) 
Anchovies, &c., in bottles. (12) Fish Sauces in bottles. (13) Prawns in Tins. 

562. EDGAR, JAMES & CO., 23 Kood Lane, London, E.G., and North 
End Factory, Deal. Various Preserved Fish in Tins. 

563. BARROW, GEORGE, 118 Lower Thames Street, London. Boxes 
of "High Dried" or "Bed" Herrings, Samples of various qualities. Specially cured for 
Home Consumption and Exportation. Will keep thoroughly sweet for six months at least. A 
most nutritious article of food, and only requires to be more generally known to be appreciated. 

564. BUSH, MRS. ISAAC, Alma Street, Wivenhoe, nr. Colchester, Essex. 
Two Bottles, and two Jars of Cooked Pickled Sprats. 

565. BELLIS, THOMAS KERRISON, 10 Jefferys Square, St. 
Mary Axe, London, E.C. (1) Samples of Sun-dried West India Green Turtle Calipash, 
Calipee, and Fins used for making real Turtle Soup. (2) Samples of Preserved Green Turtle 
Calipash and Calipee in Tins and Bottles. (3) Samples of Turtle Green Fat. (4) Samples 
of Turtle Soup ready for use, in Tins and Bottles. 

566. GILLON, JOHN, & CO., Leith, N.B. Preserved Fish in Tins- 
Salmon, Salmon Cutlets, Mackerel, Fresh Herrings, Kippered Herrings, Herring a la Sardines 
Findon Haddocks, Ked Herrings, and other Fish: also Turtle Soup, Anchovy Paste, and 
Bloater Paste. 

567. NOEL, LUDOVIC, 43 Frith Street, Soho, London, W. Sardines, 
Herrings, Tunny Fish, Lobster, Salmon, Norwegian Anchovies, Anchovies in salt, Anchovies 
in oil, Curried Lobster, Astrachan Caviare and Fish Sauce. 

568. CROSSE & BLACK WELL, Soho Square, London, and Morrison's 
Quay, Cork. Fish cured, salted, spiced, and otherwise prepared for food, in tins, bottles and jars. 

569. OVERALL, S., SON, & CO., 102 Lower Thames Street, and 77 
Wapping Wall, London, and Peterhead, N.B. (1) Dried Fish in various packages for Export. 
Salted, Pickled, and Preserved Fish (various), in Tins, Bottles, Kegs, Barrels, &c. Herrings, 
Smoked, Pickled, and Preserved in Barrels, Kegs, Tins, &c. (2) Fish Oil. 

570. BLANCHPLOWER & SONS, Fish Curers, Exporters, Importers, 
and Manufacturers of Fish Sauce, Pickles, Jams, Jellies, and Preservers of Fish, Meats, Game, 
Soups, Vegetables, Sausages, &c., for "Yachts and Shipping purposes ; and also Italian Ware- 
housemen, King Street, Great Yarmouth. Tinned, Dried, Smoked, Cured, and Salted Fish. 

571. BURGESS, JOHN, & SON, 107 Strand, London. Samples of 
Preparations of Anchovies, viz. : (1) Gorgona Anchovies as cured. (2) Gorgona Anchovies, 
prepared in Brine, Vinegar, Oil, Butter. (3) Gorgona Anchovies, prepared as Sauce. 

572. KING, ROBERT, 32 Sussex Place, S. Kensington, London. Salmon 
in various forms, Sardines, Lobsters, Prawns, Tunny, Char, Lax, Cod, Haddock, Herring, 
Oysters, &c., Isinglass, Koes and Oils. 

5720. PERRY, W. T. L., Penzance. Cured Pilchards and Dried Fish. 
5726. SULLIVAN, A., Newlyn, Cornwall. Pickled Pilchards. 

These articles are very easy, light, and por- 
table, and invaluable to Invalids 
and Travellers. 




WORKS : 
LIMBHOTJSE, E. 
87, Queen Victoria St., London, E.C. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 



Great Britain Division XXVI. Fish Market and Corridor. 6! 

~572c. CORNISH SARDINE COMPANY, Mevagissey. Coraisi 

Sardines. 

573. EDMUNDS, JOSEPH, 134 Pentonville Road, London. (1) Samples 
of Anchovies in Brine, Vinegar, and Oil. Essence of Anchovies, Coloured and Uncoloured 
Anchovy Paste. (2) " The Empress " Prize Medal Currie Powder in Packets, from One 
Penny eaoh, a valuable accessory in the preparation of cheap Fish Dinners. 

5730. GEDDES, JAMES, Macduff, Scotland. Model of Fish Curing 
Establishment. 

5736. MACLEAN, ANDREW, 51 Duke Street, Leith. Herring 
Baskets. 

FISH MARKET AND CORRIDOR. See Plan, p. 70. 

575. OVERALL & SON, 102 Lower Thames Street, London. (1) 
Preserved, Salted, Pickled, and Smoked Fish. (2) Fish Oil and Fish Sauces. 

576. ADIE, THOMAS, M. & SONS, Voe, Shetland. (1) Sample Half 
Barrel of White Herrings in Pickle. (2) Various Samples of Salted Sun-dried Fish in Cases. 

577. BRAND, H. W., 58 Charlwood Street, Pimlico. (1) Bait for 
Fish. (2) Kaw Fish and process for making it imperishable. 

578. SHARP & MURRAY, Cellardyke, Fifeshire. Smoked and Dried 
Fish, Pickled Cod, Pickled and Ked Herrings for home and export markets. 

580. McCOMBIE, JAMES, & CO., Herring Merchants, and Fish- 
curers, Peterhead, Scotland. (1) Trade mark Cured Herrings, for Exportation, viz. : (2) 
1 Barrel Large Full Herrings. (3) 1 Barrel Medium Full Herrings. (4) 1 Barrel Mattie 
Herrings. (5) 1 Barrel Spent Herrings. (6) Picked and Dried Cod Fish. (7) Model of 
Exhibitors' Fish Curing Establishment, Peterhead. 

58o. McCOMBIE, JAS., & CO., Peterhead, Scotland. Model of 
Exhibitors' Fish Curing Establishment, Peterhead. 

582. BOYLE, J. S., Forfar and Gourdon, by Bervie, N.B. Collection of 
Close-Smoked Cured Haddocks and Whiting, cured to keep about one week at least in summer, 
and about ten days in winter. 

584. CALDERWOOD, ROBERT, Fish Merchant, Greenock, Scotland. 
Two Half Barrels Cured Lochfyne Herring. 

585. KING, ROBERT, Kensington, S.W. Tinned Salmon. 

586. WARD, H. S., & CO., 58 Holborn Viaduct, London. (1) Tinned 
Salmon, Columbia River, packed by Wm. Hume, Astoria. (2) Tinned Prawns, Gulf of 
Mexico, packed by T. T. White & Co., New Orleans. (3) Tinned Oysters, packed by L. 
McMurray and Co., Baltimore, Ma. (4) Tinned Tunny Fish, Italy, packed by Eugenio 
Bayon, Genoa, Italy. (5) Tinned Lobster, Nova Scotia, packed by G. M. D, Littell & Co. 

586. SIMPSON, ROBERTS & CO., 20 Kedcross Street, Liverpool. 
Preserved Canadian Lobsters in Tins. 

587. HAYES & SON, Stamford and Peterborough. Fish Wagon. 

588. BLANCHFLOWER & SONS, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk. Tinned, 
Dried, Smoked, Cured, and Salted Fish. 

589. METHUEN, JAMES, & CO., Leith, N.B. Scotch Cured Fish of all 
kinds in Boxes, Barrels and Tins. 

58pa. JAMIESON, WILLIAM, 15 Pitt Street, Liverpool. Dried and 
Canned Fish, Canned Meats, &c., put up at fish factories. 

590. ROSS, JOHN, JUN., Muchalls, near Stonehaven.' (1) Model Patent 
Automatic Fish Cleaning Machine. (2) Keal Aberdeen Finnan Haddies. (3) Refrigerating 
Apparatus for Fishing Vessels. 

590a. SCOTT, W. S., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth. The improved Com- 
binution Fish and Net Cart applicable to every requirement of fish merchants and boat own.ers. 

DAVID SCOTT & CO., 

BROKERS AND COMMISSiON MERCHANTS 

LOBSTERS, and ALL DESCRIPTIONS ot PRESERVED MEATS and FRUITS. 
, IVorth John Street, Liverpool. 



FISH MARKET 



> 50 p-J3\J52\ I 05* 



iMl 



EAST ARGAI 



REFRESH MEN TS 



550 I 552 



051 645 \ 5S6 \644\ 1 670 ^ 



M/VC 





D R J E D - F S H 






t 










DRIED-FISH DRIED-FISH 




X 








u_ 

1 

H 
~LJ~* 




DRIED-FISH DRIED-FISH 




^ 












WETJFISH WETJFISH 







Great Britain Division XXVI. Fish Market and Corridor. 71 

501. KNOWLES, JAMES, Fish Curer, Stonehaven, Scotland. (1) Smoked 
Cod and Ling. (2) Dried Salt Cod and Ling. (3) Smoked Yellow Haddocks. (4) Smoked 
and Boasted Haddocks. (5) Pickled Cod Fish. (6) Salt Herrings in Barrel, &c. 

591<x. ROSS, J., JUN., Muclialls, near Stonehaven. Refrigerator in Box for 
the Transport of Fish. 

592. CRAWFORD, A. O., Wick. (1) One Barrel White Herrings. (2) 
One Barrel Red Herrings. (3) One Barrel Pickled Cod. 

594. SIMPSON, J., Wick, N.B. (1) One half barrel of white salted 
herrings. (2) One empty half barrel. (3) One empty whole barrel. 

595. STEPHEN, ROBERT, Fish Curer, King Street, Peterhead. One 
Barrel of Cured Pickled White Herrings. 

596. MOWAT, ROBERT, Fish Curer, Lybster, N.B. (1) Pickled 
Herrings of Lammas Cure 1882. (2) Pickled Codfish. (3) Bottle of Pickle for Cod. (4) 
Specimens of Herring Barrels. 

597. DAVIDSON, PIRIE & CO., Fish Curers, Leith. (1) One Barrel 
Yarmouth Pied Herrings (Cured for H,ome Market). (2) One Barrel Scotch (West Coast) 
(Cured for Home Market). (3) One half Barrel full of White Herrings (Cured for Continental 
Market.) (4) Two halt' Barrels Yarmouth Herrings (Cured for Home and Irish Markets). 

(5) Two Firkins gutted and ungutted, Loch Hourn White Herrings. (6) Two Kegs Lockfyne 
Herrings (Cured for Home Market). (7) Half Barrel and six Tins Yarmouth Keds (Cured for 
Colonial Market). 

599. BRIDGMAN, H. H., F.K.I.B.A., CAYLEY, J. J., AND BOYES, J., 
42 Poultry, E.G. Scheme for Wholesale, Semi-wholesale, and Ketail Fish Market for London, 
between Waterloo Bridge and Charing Cross Kailway Bridge, Lambeth side of the Thames, 
utilizing reclaimed foreshore, with communication by Rail (on to the Market floor), Eiver and 
Roads. Plans, Models, &c. 

599. CHAMBERS, OLDHAM & WILLINS, Architects, Bank Plain, 
Norwich. Plans and Designs for Inland or Waterside Fish Markets. 

600. MITCHELL, JOHN, Fish Curer, Whitby. (1) 5 Kits Black Her- 
rings. (2) Boxes Smoked Herrings. (3) 5 Firkins White Herrings, in Brine. 

601. CAMPBELL, ROBERT, 13 Breadalbane Crescent, Pulteney town, 
Wick, N.B. (1) Fished Dried, Smoked, Cured, Salted, Tinned, or otherwise prepared for Food. 
(3) One Barrel Cured Cod. (4) Two Barrels Pickled Herrings (measurement of one Barrle 
given). (5) Two Half Barrels Pickled Herrings (measurement of one half Barrel given). 

(6) Half Barrel Cod Sounds. 

6o2a. CARR, HOLMES, SONS & CO., Limited. Wholesale Fish- 
merchants, Berwick-on-Tweed. Salmon, Kippered and Fresh Herrings, &c., &c. 
602&. SCOTT, WILLIAM S., Gorleston, Great Yarmouth. Improved 

Combination Fish and Net Cart. 

604. HILTON, W- H., 130 Victoria Street, Bristol. Patent Ventilating 
Kefrigerators, for preserving fish without ice. 

605. SCHREIBER, C. G. VON, Saint Margaret's College, Lowestoft. 
A Jar of (1) " The Koyal Pickled Herring." (2) The Queen's Herring Kolls. (3) Ye Koyal 
Herring Eagout. (4) Capt. Schreiber's Pickled Sprat Anchovy. (5) Improved Method for 
Curing Pilchards for home consumption. (6) Capt. Schreiber's " Campaign Sauce." 

606. CORMACK, JOHN, Fish Curer, Lybster, N.B. Barrel (1) Crown 
Full Branded Herrings. (2) Crown Full Branded Herrings. (3) White Herrings, Cured 
Ungutted. (4) Codfish Cured in Pickle. (5) Cod and Ling Cured, Dried. (6) Two Kits 
Cods. Sound. (7) Fish Dried, Smoked, Cured, Salted, Tinned, &c., for food. (8) Herring 
Barrel and Half Barrel, New. (9) One Box of Kippered Herrings. 

G. LITTLE & CO., 

FISHING ROD AND TACKLE MAKERS 
To their Royal Highnesses the PRINCE and PRINCESS of WALES. 



Fetter I^ane, Londoia, 33. C. 



72 Great Britain Division XXVI.Fish Market and Corridor. 

608. DAVIDSON, WILLIAM, JUN., Fish Curer, Pulteneytown, Wick. 

One Whole Barrel White Cured Herrings, original packing, ordinary cure for export to Baltic, 
cured in August 1882. (2) One Half Barrel White Cured Herrings, original packing, ordinary 
cure for export to Baltic, cured in July 1882. (3) One Half Barrel White Cured Herrings, 
original packing, ordinary cure for export to Baltic, cured in August 1882. 

609. GARRIOCK & CO., Shetland. (1) Case containing about 1 cwt. 
Dried Salted Codfish, 1st quality, of which more than 1000 tons are exported annually to Spain, 
where it commands the highest price of any dried fish. It is there called " Bacalao Escocia." 
(2) Case containing about 1 cwt. Dried Salted Ling fish, 1st quality, as exported to all parts 
of the world, in casks or tin lined cases. (3) Case containing about 1 cwt. Dried Salted Tusk- 
fish, caught in comparatively small quantities, mostly consumed in Scotch Markets. (4) Case 
containing about 1 cwt. Dried Salted Saith fish, prepared for and mostly consumed in Ireland. 

610. GILLINGS, JAMES, 19 Havelock Koad, Great Yarmouth. (1) 
Collection of Cured Fish. (2) In East Arcade Curing Establishment upon a new and 
improved principle. (3) Working Model of a Fish-Curing Establishment, at work daily 
outside Fish Market. 

611. SCHELL, FELIX, 81 Wigmore Street, London, W. (1) Live 
Foreign Crayfish, in various sizes and varieties. (2) F*ish Soups (preserved). (3) Soup pre- 
pared from Crayfish. 

612. WOODGER, EDWARD, & SON, Fish Merchants and Curers, 
Lowestoft, Scarborough and Peterhead. Collection of cured fish of various kinds Black 
Herrings, Ked Herrings, Kippers, Bloaters, Finnan Haddocks, Pickled Haddocks, &c. 

613. STACY- WATSON, C. & CO., Tare Fishery Works, Great Yarmouth. 
(1) Samples of Smoked Herrings (Silver Cure) in barrels for exportation. (2) Samples of 
Smoked Herrings (Golden Cure) iu barrels for exportation. (3) Samples ot Ham-Cured 
Bloaters in tins. (4) Samples of Red Herrings in kits. (5) Samples of Yarmouth Golden 
Digby Chicks in tins hermetically sealed. (6) Samples of Pickled White Salted Herrings in 
barrel. (7) Samples of White Salted Herrings in tins. (8) Samples of Gipped Herrings in 
barrel. (9) Samples of Ham-Cured Herring in Anti-Pilferage Package, for safe transit of 
fish. 

614. BARROW, G., 118 Lower Thames Street, E.G. Dry Fish. 

615. BARBER, S. & CO., Ill Lower Thames Street, E.G. Shell Fish. 

616. WILLIAMSON, L., Burravoe, Shetland, N.B. (1) Salted Dried 
Ling. 1 (2) Salted Dried Tusk. (3) Salted Dried Cod. 

617. SAYER & CO., 100 Lower Thames Street, and Billingsgate, London. 
Dried Fish of all kinds. 

618. BARROW, H. & CO., 24 Botolph Lane and Billingsgate. Smoked 
and Shell Fish. 

619. DOULL, GEORGE, Fish Curer, Wick, Caithness, Scotland. (1) 
Cured Herring in barrels and boxes. (2) Cured Cod in barrels and boxes. (3) Two 
barrels Pickled Herrings, Government brand, crown full. (4) Two half-barrels Pickled 
Herring?,; (Government brand, crown full. (5) Two quarter-barrels Pickled Herrings. (6) 
One barrel Pickled Cod. (7) Two boxes Smoked Herrings. 

620. DARNELL, JAMES W., Shell and Dried Fish Merchant, 123 Lower 
Thames Street, London, E.C. Wet Fish. 

! ;6gi. GEDDES, JAMES, Macduff, Scotland. Herrings Salted, Cured in 
Brine, Codfish Cured in Pickle, Codfish Dried, Home and Foreign Market. Haddocks Cured, 
Smoked, and Dried, &c. 

623. TOWELL, H. J., 33 Strand, W.C. Wet Fish. 

624. CHARLES, J. S., 9 Lower Grosvenor Place, S.W. Wet Fish. 

625. SMITHERS, GEORGE, & SONS, Cannon Street Station, E.C. 
Wet fish of all kinds. 

C ; STACY- WATSON AND C-'s 

C E L E B R A T E D 

YARMOUTH HERRINGS. 

For Price List address Tare Fisherj Works, Ot. Yarmouth, England. 
BIX HIGHEST AWABDsT" Norwich, Grtat Yarmouth, London, 



Great Britain Division XXVII. Corridor to Fish Market. 73 

626. GRIMSBY COMPANY. Wet Fish. 

627. OVERTON, Victoria Station. Wet Fish. 

628. HALL, JOHN, 15 High Street, Kensington. Wet Fish. 

629. WYATT, JAMES, 123 Gloucester Road, South Kensington, S.W. 
Wei Fish. 

62pa. STUART & CO., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh. (1) Slab of 
Granolithic Paving for Fish Markets and Fishermen's Houses. (2) Patent Granolithic Tank. 

630. LAWRENCE. Wet Fish. 

631. PUTNAM. Wet Fish. 

632. VIGO, D., Belgravia. Wet Fish. 

633. APPLE YARD, J. F., 110A Waterloo Eoad, S.E., 77 Bishop's Road, 
Bayswater, and Railway Approach, "Waterloo Station. Wet Fish. 

634. GOW. Wet Fish! 

635. SMITT, F. A., Sweden. Specimen Fish. 

636. HOLMES, ROBERT & SON, Ber wick- on-T weed. Wet Fish. 

637. JACOBS, J., 80 Lower Thames Street, and Billingsgate. Wet Fish. 

638. BERTRAM & ROBERTS, Crystal Palace. Wet Fish. 

639. FRYER, C. E., Home Office. Tinned Pilchards, in oil, a la sardine, 
submitted as the " best and most improved mode of curing pilchards so as to make them an 
article of food for home and foreign consumption." 

DIVISION XXVII. [Corridor to Fish Market.] See Plan, p. 70. 
All products prepared from fish, such as oils, roes, isinglass, &c. 

640. KELLY & SONS, Wick, Scotland. John o' Groat Sauce, " The 

National Sauce of Scotland." 

641. SOUTHALL BROS. & BARCLAY, Birmingham. (1) Cod Liver 

Oil and Cod Liver Oil derivatives. (2) Fish Oils used in Medicine and their constituents. 
(3) Medicinal preparations of Cod Liver Oil. 

642. SMITH, THOS. JAS., 10 and 11 North Church Side, Hull. 
(1) Cod Liver Oil, Norwegian " Paragon." (2) Cod Liver Oil, ditto. (3) Cod Liver Oil, 
ditto, Light Brown. (4) Cod Liver Oil, Newfoundland. (5) Cod Liver Oil, Scotch. 
(6) Cod Liver Oil, Yorkshire Coast. 

643. HENRY, JAMES HAY, Pharmaceutical Chemist, Macduff, N.B. 

Specimens of Scotch, Norwegian and Japanese Cod Liver Oil, Skate Liver Oil, and Ling Liver 
Oil for Medicinal use. 

644. CORMACK, THOS., & SONS, Cod Liver Oil Manufacturers, Eye- 
mouth. Medical Cod Liver Oil in Show Case. 

645. LINTON, RALPH TAIT, Pharmaceutical and Manufacturing 
Chemist, Edinburgh and Leitli. Office : 8, Nicolson Street, Edinburgh. (1) Medicinal Cpd- 
Liver Oil, various kinds. (2) Cod Liver Oil Emulsions. 

646. CARR, W. G. & SONS, Berwick- on-T weed. Cod Liver Oil in case. 

[In East Arcade.'] 

647. McCOMBIE, JAMES, & CO., Herring Merchants, and Fish- 
curers, Peterhead, Scotland. Cod Liver Oil, viz. : Medicinal Oil, Currier's Oil. 

647^. CARR, WILLIAM GRAHAM, AND SON, 613 High Street, 
Berwick-on-Tweed. Oils from the Livers of Cod, Haddock and Skate from the coasts of 
England, Scotland, Norway and Newfoundland. Cod Liver Oil Emulsion, Cod Liver Oil 
Jelly, and Cod Liver Oil with Extract of Malt. 

SHOES WITH RUBBER SOLES 

FOR 

LAWN TENNIS, BOATING, YACHTING, and GYMNASTICS. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, * ANDERSON, 

87, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.O, 



74 Great Britain Divisions XXVIIL, XXIX. West Gallery. 

DIVISION XXVIII. [Corridor to Fish MarJcet.] See Plan, p. 70. 
Antiseptics suitable for preserving fish for food. 

648. RENSHAW, JAMES/ Northwich, Cheshire. (1) Fishery Salt, Double 
Extra Rough. (2) Fishery Salt, Extra Rough. (3) Fishery Salt, Best Scotch. (4) Fishery 
Salt, Seconds. (5) Common Salt. (6) Middle Grain Salt. (7) Table Salt. (8) Specimen 
of Bay Salt. (9) Specimens of Rock Salt. 

649. CORBETT, JOHN, M.P., Stoke Works, Worcestershire. Samples 
of Salt for Fish Curing. (2) Natural Brine. (3) Samples of Salt for Provision Curing, 
Household and General Purposes. 

650. DROITWICH SALT CO., Limited, 8 and 9 Lower Thames Street, 
London, E.C. (1) Samples of Salt for fish curing. (2) Broad Salt for Fish Curing (medium 
or coarse). (3) Table Salt, Kitchen Salt, Dairy Salt, Fine Salt (in blocks). Bay Salt (large 
crystals), Fine Salt (broken for export). Brine (from which the salt is produced. 

651. BUMSTED, D., & CO., 36 King William Street, London Bridge. 
Various kinds of Salt suitable for preserving fish for food. 

652. YEOMANS, MATTHEWS, & CO., Wincham, Northwich, Salts 
(Fishery). 

653. SANITAS COMPANY, Limited, Three Colts Lane,Bethnal Green, 
London, E. (1) Sanitas Antiseptic and Disinfecting fluid ; an aqueous Solution of Peroxide 
of Hydrogen and other substances for preserving fish &c. (2) Sanitas Antiseptic and Disin- 
fecting oil : an oxidized turpentine for preserving fish, &c. (3) Samples of Fish preserved by 
the Sanitas preparations. 

654. ANTITROPIC COMPANY; W. F. GRIER & CO., Glasgow, 
and .20 Stamford Street, Blackfriars, London, S.E. (1) Glacialiue, for Household use, to 
preserve fish in a sound and fresh condition for a few days in the hottest weather. Put up in 
a portable form, very convenient for the household, in packets, boxes, and canisters. (2) The 
Antitropic Fish Preservative (put up only in casks of a hundredweight and upwards) for 
preserving fish at the place of capture, so "that they may be transmitted in a sound condition 
without ice to distant markets. (3) Specimens of Fish preserved by above substances. 
(5) Microscopic Specimens of interest to Pisciculturists. (Removed into west neck of 
T Block.) 

654a. KING, WILLIAM, 1 New Koad, Commercial Eoad, London. Fish 
Preservative. 

DIVISION XXIX. [West Gallery.'] See Plan, p. 76. 

(&) For other than edible purposes 

Oils, manures, and other products prepared from fish. 

655. CARR, WILLIAM GRAHAM, & SON, 63 High Street, Berwick- 
on Tweed. (1) Stearine used for making candles from the Deposit of Cod Liver Oil and Oil 
for dressing leather. (2) Oil-cake for feeding Cattle from the refuse of Cod Livers. (3) Dry 
and Liquid Manures from the refuse of the above oils. 

656. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro, Cornwall. Oils, J-pint bottles. 
Samples showing how much Oil can be produced from certain weights of liver in following 
fish : Torpedo Ray, Ling, Skate. 

657. BLUNDELL, SPENCE, & CO., Limited, 9 Upper Thames Street, 
London, and Hull. (1) Cod and Whale Oils for tanning and leather dressing. (2) Sperm, 
Seal, and Shark Oils for burning. (3) Sperm Oil for machinery and soap-making. (4) Por- 
poise, Herring, Sardine, and Train Oils. 

658. DALES, JOHN T., 287 Crystal Palace Eoad, London, S.E. Dales' 
Porpoise Oil Dubbin for waterproofing, preserving and softening boots, harness and leather 
goods ; also useful as a kid reviver. Rats or mice will not touch leather on which this 
dubbin is used. 

GRIMBLE & CO.'S VINEGAR, 

(Gold Medal, New Zealand, 1882) 

PUKE WHITE, BROWN, AND STKAW-COLOUEED, 

FOR FISH-CURERS, PICKLERS, & TABLE PURPOSES. 

PRICES AND TEEMS ON APPLICATION. 

CUMBERLAND MARKET, LONDON, N.W. 



Great Britain Divisions XXXL, XXXIL-West Gallery. 75 

659. LINTON, .RALPH TAIT, Pharmaceutical and Manufacturing 
Chemist, 8 Nicolson Street, Edinburgh. (1) Spermaceti and preparations. (2) Sperm Oil 
and Whale Oil. (3) Kelp, Iodine, and Iodide of Potassium. 

660. SINCLAIR, WILLIAM, Drumbeg, Donegal. Collection of Oils 
extracted from livers of different varieties of Dogfish and specimens of the fish in different 
stages of preparation for manure. 

66o. ANGLO-SWEDISH COMPANY, Limited, 23 Old Change, E.G. 
Oils and Guano products of Fish, from the Company's works at Groto Lysekit, Sweden. 

6606. SULLIVAN, A., Newlyn West, Cornwall. (1) Pilchard Oil" crude. 
(2) Ditto refined. 

DIVISION XXXI. 
Sea and fresh water pearl shells ; mother of pearl 

manufactured ; pearls sorted. 

66oc. LEE, HENRY, Margate. (1) Shells of Pearl Oyster. (2) Spat of 
Pearl Oyster. (3) Shells of Pearl Mussels. (4) Oyster and Mussel Pearls, 

DIVISION XXXIL [West Gallery.] See Plan, p. 76. 

Preparation and application of sponges, corals, pearls, shells, 
and all parts and products of aquatic animals, &c., to purposes 
useful and ornamental, with specimens. 

661. ABRAHAMS, ARTHUR, Crystal Palace, Sydenham, S.E. (1) Col- 
lection of Rare Shells. (2) Shells manufactured for useful and ornamental purposes, with 
rare specimens. (3) Useful Articles manufactured from mother of pearl, and Pearl Shell 
Ornaments. (4) Specimens of Coral. 

662. BIGLIOSCHI, V., 101 Ledbury Eoad, Bayswater, W., London. 

(1) Collection of Pearls, Shells, Manufactured Imitation of Pearls, Shells, Corals, &c. (2) 
Algae arranged and mounted as pictures. 

663. JARDINE, MRS. ALFRED, 18 Albion Square, Dalston. Corals, 
Shells, and Algae. 

(364. MAPPIN, BROTHERS, 220 & 222 Regent Street, W., and London 
Bridge, E.G. (1) Pearl Shells in their rough state. (2) Pearls in various stages of manu- 
facture for knife handles. (3) Peirl-handled Table Knives. (4) Fish Carvers. (5) Dessert 
Knives. (6) Kazors. (7) Pocket Knives. (8) Tortoiseshell Kazors. (9) Pen Knives. 

(10) Purses. (11) Card and Cigarette Cases. (12) Sardine Boxes and Tongs. (13) 
Lobster Crackers and Pickers. (14) Crocodile Skin Travelling Bags. (15) Dressing Cases. 
(16) Purses. (17) Cigar and Cigarette Cases. (18) Whales' Teeth. (19) Sea-horse Teeth. 

665. GRECK & CO., 9 Eathbone Place, Oxford Street, W. Coral, 
Jewellery, Necklaces, Brooches, Cameos, Lentils, Beads, &c. 

666. SAMUEL, M., & CO., 31 Houndsditch, London, E.G. (1) Shell 
Boxes and Cushions. (2) Shell Collars and Bracelets. (3) Engraved and Painted Shells. 
(4) Suspended Shells for Flowers. (5) Flowers made of Shells. (6) Lobster-men. (7) 
Flower Stands. (8) Purses and Shell Jewellery. (9) Shell Men. (10) Pearl Shells (rough), 

(11) Pearl Shells (clean). (12) Mother of Pearl manufactured. (13) An Entire Suite of 
Boudoir Furniture in Mother of Pearl. 

667. BOROUGH LEATHER WAREHOUSE COMPANY, 134 High 
Street, Southwark, London, S.E. (1) Entire Skin of Alligator, mounted and stuffed, &c. 

(2) Entire skin of Alligator, mounted and stuffed, &c., smaller. (3) Prepared Alligator 
Skins, tanned and dressed; various colors. (4) Saddles, Boots, Slippers, Dressing-bags, 
Whips, Cigar Cases, Cigarette Cases, Fusee Cases, and other articles, all of Alligator's Skin, 
showing its application to purposes of commerce. (5) Various further articles, Penholders, 
Photo Frames, Purses, Card Cases, &c., all of Alligator's Skin. (6) Albums and Books bound 
in Alligator's Skin. (7) Prepared and Dyed Pearly Back Kay-fish Skins. (8) Cabinet, 
outside mounted with Ray-fish Skin (pale grey colour, inlaid in Argenton or Inoxidisable 

The Best and Cheapest First Established 1826. 



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76 



Great Britain Division XXXII.West Gallery. 





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Metal with Ebony unique and extraordinary piece of furniture. Chair of same material. 
Mirror ditto; showing application of Bay-fish Skin to articles of decorative art. (9) Two 
Ladies' Work Tables of Inlaid Kay-fish Skin same colour, mounted with engraved Argenton 
or Inoxidisable Metal. Two Jardinieres of same material, one inlaid in Ebony, and one not 
inlaid in Ebony. (10) Sets of minor articles, such as Glove Boxes, Cigar Boxes, Cigar Cases 
of same material, in silver or metal mounts. (11) Specimens of Tanned, Prepared and 
Finished Serpent Skins (Boa Constrictor and Python), &c. (12) Sets of articles made from 
Serpent Skin, Blotting Cases, Ladies' Belts, Purses, Pocket Books, and various leather work 
of Serpent Skins ; showing their application to articles of utility. 

668. JACQUES, JOHN, Royal Aquarium, Westminster, London. (1) 
Samples of Coral and Shell Ornaments. (2) Sets of Ornaments manufactured out of Pearl. 
(3) A variety of Shell Ornaments. (4) Fish Scale Ornaments. (5) Venetian Shell Ornaments. 

668a. PHILLIPS, BROTHERS, AND SON, 23 Cockspur Street, 
London. Corals, Pearls, &c., and pearls as applied to reproductions of the Cinque Cento and 
Renaissance periods. Also models of fishes in fine gold and enamels. 

669. DAVIS, A. A., 46 Buckingham Koad, Southgate Road, London, N. 
(1) Specimen of Corals, Pearls, Shells, Conger Shells, Clam, Cabinet Shells, in Ornamental 
Works and Manufactured State. (2) Glue or Cement prepared from Gelatine, Fish Isinglass, 
Raw Isinglass, Leaf and Manufactured State. 

670. VOTIERI, JOHN, 315 Camden Road, Holloway. Collection of 
Shell Cameos, made of a variety of Shells, Engraved Shells, and Corals, &c. 

671. WARD, ROWLAND, & CO., Naturalists, 166 Piccadilly. Special 
inventions and adaptations of LOBSTER and OYSTER SHELLS for all Table purposes, mounted in 
silver and other metals. Registered designs. (2) Fish, in action. (3) Studies in entirely 
new designs, invented by Rowland Ward, F.Z.S. The real skins mounted. (4) Fish Skin, 
Pikes' Heads, Sharks' Jaws, Whales' Vertebrae, Teeth. Crocodile Hide and Teeth. Turtle 
and Tortoise Shells, &c., &c., utilized in original designs by Rowland Ward, F.Z.S. (6) Two 
Cases containing Aquatic and other Birds collected by Sir Thomas Hesketh, Bart. 

Ye Spider and ye Fly Brooch, 5s. 6d. 

LATEST FEOM PAEIS, CATSEYE AND EEAL PEAEL JEWELLEEY. 

.STAG BEETLES, BUTTERFLIES, FROGS, AND LITTLE DUCK BROOCHES, 

HEW DIAMONDS, SPANISH CRYSTALS, RINGS SET IN GOLD, 10s. N. 

Earrings, Bangles, Studs, Pins, Necklets. 



60, 61, 42, BURLINGTON ARCADE, PICCADILLY, W. 



Great Britain Division XXXILWest Gallery. 



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WILSON BENNISON. SURVEYOR TO EXECUTIVE COMMITTEl 



672. KING, W., 30 Hardwick Street, Dublin. Collection of Bough Sea 
Shells and Shell Work. 

672a. GIOBERTINI & CO., Paris and Naples. A Collection of Pearls 
and Corals. 

673. BARKER, JOHN, & CO., High Street, Kensington, W. Sponges, 
Tortoise Shell, and Mother-o'-Pearl Fans, &c. 

674. CRESS WELL, R., & CO., Red Lion Square, London. Sponges, &c. 

675. RUPFO, W., 142 Hampstead Eoad, London, N.W. (1) 6 Coral Sets 
completed. (2) 12 half Coral Sets completed. (3) 12 Pairs Coral Earrings. (4) 24 Coral 
Gentlemen's Pins. (5) 12 Pieces Coral Hair Ornaments. (6) 24 Coral Sets, Studs and Cufis. 
(7) Collection of small Utensils of Manufacture. Models made on purpose to show how 
manufacture is done with rough material in different stages of manufacture. (8) 4 Tortoise- 
shell Parasol handles. (9) 36 Tortoiseshell Sets Re-sorted. (10) 6 Tortoiseshell Bracelets. 
(11) 6 Tortoiseehell Hair Ornaments. (12) 4 Dozen Coral and Tortoiseshell Charms. 

676. LAMB, MRS. C. S., 76 Clifton Hill, St. John's Wood, N.W. Collection 
of Ornaments made fromfish scales. (West Indies) Consisting of Tiara Spray Brooch and Earrings. 

6760. OULMAN, FILS, & CIE.,8Eue Drouot, Paris; 1 Ely Place, Lon- 
don. Importers of Oriental Pearls. (1) A very choice 5-rows Necklace of 355 Pearls, 2570 grains. 
Selected Oriental Pearls. (2) A matchless Necklace and Parure of Scotch Pearls, unique. (3) 
A very important Black Pearl Necklace, composed of 39 Pearls = 1020 grains. (4) One round 
Pearl of 96 grains, being one of the finest Pearls known, and worth 20 per grain. (5) A very 
important collection of Oriental Pearls composed of 3345 grains ; original, such as are sent from 
Bombay. (6) Samples of all kind of fancy Pearls, such as black, pink, yellow, grey ; from 
Australia, South Pacific Islands, &c. (7) Specimen of various sorts of Shells and Panama Pearls. 

677. MARKWALD & CO., 2 Talbot Court, Gracechurch Street, E.G. 
Collection of Kough Amber, found in the Baltic Sea, showing the different kinds, colours, and 
qualities in existence ; also curious specimens and pieces enclosing Insects, Plants, Wood, &c. 

LADIES' LEVE ASTIPLUYIHM CAPES. 

For the Pocket. Only 10 ozs. in Weight. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

India-Rubber Manufacturers, 37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E,t 



78 Great Britain Division XXXll.West Gallery. 

678. NEAL, JOHN, 44-8 Edgware Eoad, W. (1) Neal's Patent Pyro- 

Silver Cutlery in Fish Eaters, Fish Carvers, Lobster Cracks, Oyster Forks, and Combination 
Fish :Meat, and Fruit Knives. Mounted in Rock Coralite and Pearl and Ivory Handles. 
(2) Articles of ornament and use in Coral, Pearl, and Tortoiseshell, &c. (3) Fish Sauce and 
Soy Frames. (4) Lobster Salad Bowls, &c. (5) Cameos in Shell. 

679. MORTIMER, M. A., 1 Blessington Street, Dublin. Irish Shells in 
their natural state, and some manufactured into ornaments and other shells. 

680. MARSH, JOHN VICTOR, 175 Piccadilly, London. (1) Collection 
of goods made with (or partly of) Tortoiseshell. (2) Collection of articles made with (or 
partly of) Mother of Pearl. (3) Specimens of Unprepared and Prepared Cuttle Fish. 
(4) Specimens of Whalebone Brushes. (5) Collection of Sponges. 

681. FERGUSON, MARY, Mill Hill House, JVlusselburgh, N.B. A Collec- 
tion of Flowers made of Fish Bones. This exhibit consists of a variety of flowers, made of 
bones, teeth, and eyes, taken from the heads of several kinds of fish, such as the cod, haddock, 
herring, &c. They are imitations of natural flowers. (Five years in manufacture.) 

682. MELILLO, G., Brighton. Corals, &c., applied to manufacture. 

683. MAPLES, MISSES H. & E., Elmsford House, Spalding. Folding 
Screen, Small Tablecloth, and other articles of a useful and ornamental character worked on 
cloth or satin with fishes' scales. 

684. DE GIOVANNI, G., Cavaliere, 38 Wellington Street, Camden 
Town, London. (1) Shell cut, representing the Toilet of Venus. (2) Shell cut, group, the 
Amphitrite. (3) Corals. (4) Cameo Portrait of the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M.P. 
taken from life. (5) Cameo Portrait of the late Doctor Billing from life. 

685. MAPPIN & WEBB, Norfolk Street. Sheffield. London Depots : 
Mansion House Buildings, City, and Oxford Street, W. (1) The application of Mother-of- 
Pearl and Tortoiseshell, to Table Cutlery, Pocket Knives, Ne'cessaires, Fish Knives, and Spirit 
Stands. (2) Crocodile Skins and Shark Skins manufactured into Spirit Stands, Travelling 
Bags, Razor Cases, Etuis, &c. (3) Fish Baskets. (4) Angler's Dressing Bag, 22 inches, 
Cowhide, Gladstone, silver and ivory fittings, and every requisite for fishing lines, rods, 
landing net, &c., and room for a suit of clothes. 

686. DAVIDSON, JOHN, Jeweller, Wick, N.B. A collection of 
Brooches, Earrings, Lockets, Bracelets. Scarf Pins, Rings, Studs, and Necklets, formed of 
Shells from " John o' Groats," set in silver and gold. 

687. GOLDSMITHS' AND SILVERSMITHS' COMPANY, 112 
Regent Street, London, W. (1) Choice Oriental Pearls of various colours, mounted and 
unmounted. (2) Shells showing the formation of the pearl in the oyster. (8) Coral Branches 
in their natural state. (4) Coral as applied to the industries and arts. 

687. TROTMAN, SAMUEL, 55 Lillie Road, Fulham, S.W. (1) Shells 
applied to ornament mirror's and caskets. (2) Groups of Crab and Crayfish made to imitate 
castings in bronze, terra cotta, and majolica. 

688. MARSHALL, JOHN, 92 Peckham Park Eoad, London, S.E. Giant 
Cement (prepared from Isinglass) for repair of Aquaria, Fishing appliances, and the preser- 
vation of aquatic specimens. 

689. DAVIS, STEPHEN, 50 Fann Street, Aldersgate Street, E.G. Speci- 
mens of Shells manufactured and in natural state; also Sea Ivories, Horns, Bone, &c., 
manufactured and rough. 

690. SMALL, J. W., Beith, Ayrshire. (1) Hand Painted Tiles (Fish 
Designs). 

691. BRASSEY, LADY, Normanrmrst Court, Battle. (1) Unique Neck- 
lace of twenty-five very large Coral Beads (Corallum rubrum), weight 5 oz. 18 dwts. (2) 
Necklace of thirty-five Beads, weighing 3 oz. 5 dwts. (3) Pair of Bracelets, consisting of 
three rows of fifty-eight Beads, with large Coral Clasp mounted with Diamonds. (4) Cross, 
consisting of large disc of Coral in centre, surrounded by eight pear-shaped Corals, the whole 
mounted with Diamonds ; 2 oz. 16 dwts. (5) Two Brooches of very large pieces of Coral, 

OROIDE OOLT> JE^VVTELLERY 

(REGISTERED). THE PERFECT SUBSTITUTE FOR GOLD. 

"WATCHES, In elegant designs, equal in beauty and utility to 18-crat, 21*., 25*., 30a. ; 
Self-winding, 42*. Warranted accurate timekeepers. 

LOCKETS, to hold two portraits, sK with pearli, coral, *c., highly finished, 3*. d. to 10*. 6d. 
ALBERT and other CHAINS, fine gold patterns, 5*., Is. M., 10*. 6L Studs, Links, *c., 
a*. W. Scarf Pins, 1*., 2*., 2*. 64. Erery article of Jewellery safe and free per post. 
Opinion* of (to Prat and niuttrated Price Littt (New Edition) free. 
O. O* R.OWB, 83, BROMPTON ROAD, LONDON. S.W. (Eitabliflhod 187P.) 
Within Fire Minuter Walk of the Ffcherle* Exhibition 



Great Britain Division XXXII. Machinery in Motion. 79 

surrounded by Diamonds. (6) Pair of round Coral Earrings, girdled with bands of Diamonds. 
(7) Coronet or Head-dress of Coral. 

692. DE JACOBIS, RINALDO, 215 St. John Street, Clerkenwell, 
London, E.G. (1) Shell Cameos of all sorts ; also Ornamental Shells. (2) Coral in rough 
state and manufactured. 

693. FRANCATI AND SANTAMARIA, 65 Hatton Garden, London. 
(1) Shells and Corals, rough and in course of manufacture. (2) Suites of Shell and Coral 
ornaments and jewellery. (3) Shell Mosaics, set in jet, cameos, &c. (4) Cut Shell. (5) 
Method of working, illustrated by English workmen. 

6930. STANFORD, EDWARD CHARLES, F.C.S., Dalnmir, Dum- 
bartonshire. Products from seaweed, including a series specially illustrating Stanford's new 
method of utilizing it in the production of algin and the manufacture of paper. 

6936. GOLDSMITHS' AND SILVERSMITHS' COMPANY, 112 
Kegent Street, W. Collections of Pearls, Corals, &c. 

693^. HERMANN, JAMES, 12 Edward Street, Hampstead Eoad, N.W. 
Articles made from Ivory, Pearl, Coral, Tortoise-shell, Fish Skins, and all kinds of shells. 

693^. MARRIOTT, MRS. K, 46 Baydon Street, Dartmouth Park Hill, 
Highgate, N. Patent Prize Medal Ventilated Coal, manufactured for the use of steam engines . 

694. THOMPSON, HENRY JAMES, Upper Walmer, Kent. (1) Pair 
of Alabaster Vases, with Shell Flowers and Insects. (2) A Round Shade and Stand, Basket 
Frame Work, with Shell Flowers, &c. (3) A Round Shade and Basket of Ferns, Flowers, &c. 
(4) An Oval Shade and Basket with Group of Flowers and Butterflies, all natural shells. 

694^. SALVIATI, DR., BURKE & CO., 31U Eegent Street. Venetian 
Blown Glass. These glasses have been purposely manufactured for the Fisheries Exhibition, 
the principal designs representing marine subjects such as dolphins, sea-horses, dragons, 
swans, &c., and in great variety of wares, such as the opal, avventurino, fume', corniola, acqua 
marina, &c. 

MACHINERY IN MOTION. See Plan, p. 84. 

MACHINERY IN ITS APPLICATION TO FISHING. 

MACHINERY, in whatever form, is from its very nature and origin indissolubly connected 
with civilisation. Its conception needs years of accumulated thought; its construction 
requires stores of accumulated wealth ; and its application demands large fields of accu- 
mulated material. No one, unless he have had long practice in such kind of work, can desire 
off-hand an effective instrument for executing the purposes of the simplest handicraft. No 
one can go a single step out of the regular course of trade without becoming involved in 
expenses to which he can foresee no practical limit. No one would dream of incurring the 
outlay of time and capital needed for the erection of machinery, unless the store of materials 
for which it is destined far exceed the amount which could be worked in the same time by 
hand. Now these three qualifications alone, accumulated capital, accumulated labour, accu- 
mulated thought, form three main elements in the analysis of material civilisation ; but there 
is a further aspect to the question which indicates the need for a still higher degree of culture. 
The introduction of machinery inevitably entails an increased demand, both upon the moral 
and intellectual qualities in proportion to its own power and complexity. Vigilance, patience, 
concentrated attention, strict fidelity to orders, combined with latent fertility of resource, 
liable at any moment to be called into action these and other similar Dualities are absolute 
essentials for the machinist, and are developed in him by the mere pursuit of his daily 
occupations. Accordingly the progress made from a material point of view by the various 
classes of the body politic may be to a great extent measured and defined by the ingenuity of 
instruments adapted for the purposes of their industry, as for instance in the bonanza farms of 
America, where every 4 kind of agricultural process is accomplished by steam. In this light the 
application of machinery to fishing possesses a peculiar interest, for it shows how the barriers 
of centuries are silently giving way, and the character of poverty and simplicity, which for so 
long distinguished this ancient industry, is gradually, not to say rapidly, changing beneath 
the combined influences of wealth and thought. 

An inquiry, therefore, of the extent to which machinery now enters into the apparatus of 
fishing is evidently a matter of high interest, both from a commercial and a social point 
of view. An analysis of this kind can only be properly performed, of course, by an examina- 
tion of the particular instances wherein machinery has been successfully applied, and as no 
more favourable opportunity for such an investigation can well be conceived than is afforded 



80 Great Britain Machinery in Motion. 

by the collection contained in the present Exhibition, it will be advisable to take a glance at 
some of the chief exhibits of this nature, so as to possess some practical basis for generaliza- 
tion. A very brief survey suffices to show that in the case of fishing, as of a hundred 
other kinds of labour, the principal agent in effecting change has been the power of steam. 
For the reception of this power trawling, itself a device born of the present century, is 
peculiarly adapted, both from the greater capacity of its vessels and the necessity of regulating 
their speed. Accordingly, engines and boilers suitable for steam trawlers, and for the steam 
fish carriers also necessitated by the long voyages to the North Sea, form no inconsiderable 
portion of the articles on view. At one stand, that of Messrs. Kuston, we find the vertical 
engine fitted, as in a boat, with freshwater tanks on either side to save the use of salt water in 
the boiler. At another, that of Messrs. Kose & Co., we have the famous Kingston winch with 
automatic laying-in gear and a whole series of novel appliances adaptable for trawling. 
The whole mass of water again required for the Aquarium is purified by the Atkins 
system and Dr. Clarke's process, and the same principle could with ease be applied to 

keeping large beds of our rivers, containing, say, twenty million gallons of water 

wholly free from chalk and other impurities for the preservation and increase of fish. 

Another ingenious adaptation of steam to steering is that of the worm and worm-wheel 

motion devised by Messrs. Davis, in such a way that the strain, acting at right angles to the 

worm, is unable to produce a circular motion, whereby the kick of the wheel, so dangerous to 

the helmsman and so trying to the gear, is obviated even in the roughest weather. Windlasses 

too of a special character are here required, both for ordinary purposes and also for hauling 

in the trawl. In connection with this last point, it may be observed the very simple and 

easily worked invention for raising ships '.exhibited by Messrs. Thomson would seem capable 

of easy application to raising the trawl for those smacks to which steam power has not been 

fitted. So, again, to accomplish a large catch is much, but to accomplish it without waste is of 

at least equal importance. How shall the immature fry be permitted to escape ? That is a 

question upon which depends the fate of the whole rising generation of fishes, and therefore 

of the whole rising generation of fishermen. Mr. Eead furnishes us with a tentative answer. 

The same mesh will be square or lozenge-shaped, according as it is distended laterally or 

longitudinally, and while in the former case it will allow any diminutive captive to pass out 

unharmed, in the latter it will inevitably catch them by the gills, no matter how small they 

may be. To avoid this misfortune, an untoward event for both parties concerned, Mr. Read 

keeps the cod of the trawl extended by a couple of hoops, whereby the lozenge is converted 

into the square, and the young fish are saved from useless and wasteful destruction. But then, 

it is urged, the mesh when distended is not strong enough to bear a strain ; and the square, 

giving more room diagonally than longitudinally, favours the flat fish more than the round, 

which require the greater protection. Hereupon Mr. Morris comes forward with his circular 

mesh of wire which does not yield to the pressure and possesses the advantage of having 

the same space of aperture in every direction. Nor is the application of machinery by any 

means confined to the apparatus immediately forming part of a smack's outfit. Gas engines 

are needed in various ways, such as the Bissehop Engine, which pumps six tons of water into 

the supply tanks of the fishponds at Ringwood in the course of one hour, for twopence. 

Portable forges are in use on board steam trawlers, fitted with sentinel valves, which by giving 

warning at a certain temperature call the attention of the fisherman who may be otherwise 

occupied at the moment. 

The construction of fish barrels affords a large field for mechanical contrivances, and the 
ingenious set of special herring-barrel machines exhibited by Messrs. A. Ransome and Co. 
of Chelsea, are a great centre of attraction. These machines which are kept in full operation, 
produce better barrels than it is possible to make by hand, at about one-third of the cost 
for labour. The machines, which are very simple, are all worked by unskilled boys' labour, 
and work up the rough sawn staves into finished casks and heads, leaving nothing to be done 
by hand but to place the heads in their grooves at the ends of the barrel, and to fix on the ' 
wooden hoops. The entire plant, which stands on a space of 34 ft., by 17 ft. is capable of 
producing 1000 full sized pickle barrels a week. 

Of a different class are Messrs. Bateman's devices for self-lubrication where small 
cylinders of metaline being set into the bushes of the ship blocks, save endless labour by 
keeprng them automatically lubricated, while their gray emery wheel, being composed of 



Great Britain Machinery in Motion. 81 

silicate of soda instead of oxydised oil, is not liable to glaze under friction, Then, 
again, refrigeration is a matter which has taxed the brains of many mechanicians. Provision 
has been made during some years for the storage and manufacture of ice on board our 
trawling vessels, but the cold air method is of more recent invention. The dry air 
refrigerator shown by Messrs. Haslam, in which the air being first condensed in the top 
cylinder to about 40 Ibs. to the square inch and then cooled by the action of water from 
without, discharges a volume of air amounting to no less than 40,000 cubic feet per hour 
at an average temperature of 40 below zero. So many, in fact, are the varieties of apparatus 
that we can scarcely enumerate the objects for which they are designed. If the water 
be too shallow at the bar of a harbour, Messrs. Priestman with their steam dredge are at 
hand to come to our assistance, while Mr. Thomas presents us with a model of a harbour, so 
constructed as to make the out-going tide completely overpower the incoming one, and with 
the additional assistance of his submarine self-acting dredge sweep away the bar and prevent 
it from re-forming. Thus we may hope to apply in a different sense the well-known words of 
Mr. Kingsley and " bid good-bye to th bar and its moaning," and to all the loss and sorrow 
which it has occasioned. If on our voyage we are caught in a fog, and in spite of our siren a 
collision becomes imminent, Messrs. Lafargue suggest an hydraulic gear for steering by which 
the largest ship can be instantaneously placed upon any course we may desire. If our vessel 
is a wreck, and the long boat requires to be launched, the old familiar danger that its crowded 
contents will be poured headlong into the angry waves is obviated by such gear as is shown by 
Commander Mark Robinson, wherein the common hook is combined with a slipping apparatus 
and the simple loosing of a rope instantaneously disconnects the couplings fore and aft at th 
same time. If we are so fortunate as to require no such apparatus, but arrive unharmed in 
port, machinery meets us once more, and Messrs. Clarke-Brummers hydraulic lift is put 
into requisition for bringing the fish ashore. Or to take an instance which shows into what 
minute details the use of machinery has entered most persons who have been at sea must be 
aware of the action which the saline air is apt to exercise upon metallic articles, and it is no 
bad measure of the height to which refinement has now been carried in these matters that a 
point of this kind has received the special attention of Mr. Gorer, of the Gilding and Silvering 
Company, 29 Edgware Road, London. 

On the other hand the electrical devices and the meagreness of the appliances adopted 
for saving life betray the crude and unfinished character of the most elaborately-fitted fishing 
vessel. Yet here, too, is a field which must by no means pass unnoticed. Here are the 
ingenious appliances of electricity exhibited by Messrs. Whiting, which, not to speak of their 
possible power of subduing whales and other large fish with no more difficulty than occurs 
with horses, are capable, from the peculiar power they possess of contracting the diaphragm 
and thereby causing the great desideratum of artificial respiration, of being applied with 
admirable effect in resuscitating the half-drowned fishermen. Nor must we overlook the 
simple machinery shown by Messrs. Shields for calming the troubled sea by means of oil ; 
nor the luminous paint, which shines calmly amid the wildest drenchings of the tempest ; 
or the asbestos, which preserves a wooden hull intact from the fiercest onslaught of fire and 
petroleum ; or the Messrs. Bapty's invention for establishing communication between light- 
ships and fishing fleets ; or Colonel Lambart's raft, which can be thrown overboard in any 
fashion ; or Messrs. Berthon's compressible and easily stowed lifeboats ; or Messrs. Went- 
worth's Kredemnon life-saving dresses, which scarcely encumber the wearer more than 
ordinary dress, and yet can defy the utmost power of the waves ; or the helm signals, 
which indicate at the mast-head every motion of the rudder ; or even the well-known basket 
and rocket apparatus for the conveyance of shipwrecked mariners ashore, which the Board of 
Trade exhibits daily. No matter connected with these interests can be of greater urgency, 
not merely as a matter of sentiment but also of economy, than the preservation of the valuable 
lives engaged in the service. Yet when the members of the Royal Commission held last year 
suggested that cork jackets should be assumed by all persons on board the fishing fleet at a 
signal given by the admiral or by the captain of the steam cutter, the proposal was finally 
abandoned on account of the reluctance which the witnesses declared would be felt by the 
fishermen in taking even so simple a precaution against obvious danger. If the present 
Exhibition has no other effect than that of preserving a single life by removing this childish 
though not unnatural fear of imputed cowardice, it will not have been held in vain. 



Great Britain Machinery in Motion. 



Yet, numerous and grave as are the deficiencies in these important respects, it is impossible 
to review even the brief investigation in which we have been engaged without perceiving that 
in more ways than we can appreciate, the use of machinery is tending to complicate the imme- 
morial simplicity of fishing, and this is a point of the utmost significance to those who have at 
heart the welfare of our fishermen. For if there be one axiom inculcated beyond all others 
by the general history of trade, it is that unless the economic keep pace with the mechanical 
machinery, the latter will tend constantly to increase the advantages of capital relatively to 
those of labour. For machinery, as we have seen, involves capital, and capital presupposes the 
almost insuperable advantage that it can afford to wait. Thus to the decay of the medieval 
guilds, those close but strictly co-operative corporations, may be traced no small portion of the 
convulsions experienced in the industrial world consequent upon the enormous increase of 
commerce during the last and the present centuries ; and the strikes and lock-outs, whereby the 
respective bodies of artisans and proprietors have beaten each other into some acknowledgment 
of the rights of each, form but an inefficient and unstable substitute for the organisation which 
blended the two elements in harmonious growth. Signs are not wanting that a similar 
atrophy may be setting in with regard to this industry also. The system of apprenticeship, 
which, whether good bad or indifferent, at all events preserved the distinctiveness of the 
pursuit, is fast becoming extinct. Casuals take the place of seamen for a voyage or two, and 
then return to their own occupations on shore. Complaints are heard on every side that the 
owners of vessels experience continual loss through the refusal of the hands to fulfil their 
legitimate engagements. These are all symptoms that the economical machinery of distribution 
hag not kept pace in development with the mechanical machinery of production; and the very 
improvements to which we now point in triumph as evidence of increased prosperity may 
prove, unless accompanied by a corresponding advance in the condition of our fishermen, to be 
the instruments whereby we may come to lose that hardy and invaluable race for ever. 

W. M. ADAMS. 

. , 

694<*. DAVEY, PAXMAN & CO., Engineers, Colchester. (1) Double 
Cylinder Horizontal Engine, 350 I.H.P. (2) Horizontal Compound Engine, 200 I.H.P. (3) 
Three Semi-fixed Engines and Boilers, 25 H.P. nominal. (4) One Semi-portable Engine, 
20 H.P. (5) Group of five Locomotive Boilers. 

6945. KINGSFORD, COURTNEY. Lea Chemical Works, Victoria Park, 
London, E. (1) Model of Kingsford's Patent Steam Boiler and Coke Ovens. By this arrange- 
ment the entire cost of fuel required in generating steam is saved. The coke made (which is 
of good hard- quality) is readily sold fora higher sum than that paid for the coals. It has 
been working more than twelvemonths most satisfactorily. 

695. HALL, J. & E., 23 St. Swithin's Lane, E.G., and Dartford Iron Works, 
Kent. (1) Patent Cold- Air Machine, for preservation of fish on board ship and on shore. (2) 
Patent Cold- Air Machine for fish stores and shops, worked by gas engine. (3) 18 Horse- 
power Boiler on Armer's patent principle. 

696. BARTON, C. E., Providence Works, 56 & 58 Eastgate, Great 
Grimsby. (1) Six Ice-breaking Machines for hand and steam power. (2) Two Fish 
Barrows. (3) One Fish Kitt. (4) One Fish Weighing Machine. (5) Two Dogs for moving 
block ice. 

697. PISTON FREEZING MACHINE AND ICE COMPANY, 301 
ami 303 Oxford Street, W. (1) Ash's Patent Self-feeding Dry Air Refrigerators. (2) Ash's 
Patent Filtering Refrigerator. (3) Ash's Patent Piston Freezing Machine and Wine Cooler. 

698. CLOWES & SONS, Limited, Duke Street, Stamford Street, S.E. 
Printing Machinery. 

699. BROOKE, J. W., Adrian Iron Works, Lowestoft. (1) One 3-inch 
Adrian Double Action Pump for ship u>e, &c. (2) One 4-inch Adrian Double Action Pump 
for general purposes, especially circulating water in fish ponds ; driven with gas engine. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

INDIA-RUBBER & OILSKIN MANUFACTURERS. 

Works : LIMEHOUSE, LONDON. 

87, I 9 and 10, I 16 and 17, I 8, 

Queen Victoria St., High Street, Castle Street, Hue Martel, 

. liO'NDO'N. BRISTOL. I SWANSEA. PARIS. 



Great Britain Machinery in Motion. 83 

700. GILDING AND SILVERING COMPANY,, 89 Edgware Road, 

London, W. S. Gorer, Manager. (1) Harpoons, Compasses, Telescopes, Barometers, Fog- 
horns, Lamps, Clocks, Reels. (2) Process in operation of coating all kinds of Metallic 
Articles used in Fishing or at Sea with Silver, Nickel or Copper, rendering such articles 
impervious to rust, causing great saving in labour. 

701. BATEMAN, O. H./ & CO., Limited, East Greenwich, London. 
Steam Fittings, Safety Valves, and Gauges, for steam ships; Hydraulic Eeversing and 
Steering Gear, Portable Forges, Grindstones, Emery Wheels, Metalized Ship's Blocks, Cranes, 
and other Machinery, working without lubrication. 

70I. TEMPLE, CAPTAIN E., 51, Queen Victoria Street. (1) A 
Dinghy fitted with Disengaging ^Gear and Patent Safety Hooks. (2) An Engine Indicator. 
(3) Anti-fouling Composition for iron Ships' Bottoms. 

702. HINDLEY, EDWARD, Bourton, Dorset. (1) Hoisting and Drawing 
Engines and Boilers. (2) 6-Horse Power Steam Engine with rope drawing and lifting gear 
and Boiler. (3) 4-Horse Power Single Cylinder Steam Hoist, with Boiler, on Wheels. (4) 
2-Horse Power Hoisting Engine on Wheels. (5) Double Cylinder 4-in. Force Pump and gear 
complete, valves accessible without breaking pipe joints. 

793. DODMAN, ALFRED, Highgate Foundry, King's Lynn. (1) 
Vertical Engine, for capstans and steam winches. (2) Capstan Engine and Boiler combined. 
(3) Steam Winch for hauling Nets, &c. 

704. RUSTON, PROCTER & CO., Lincoln. (1) Capstan Engines, with 
two cylinders, strong vertical boiler, gearing, and improved capstan, and pair of fresh-water 
tanks ; all arranged in position for trawling smack. (2) Capstan Steam Engine, with two 
cylinders for hauling up nets; complete with all requisites. (3) One Improved Capstan 
Steam Engine suitable for hauling up fishing nets to smack. (4) Improved Capstan Engine, 
with two 5 in. x 8 in. cylinders and strong Vertical Boiler, complete with chimney. (5) Gearing, 
consisting of Lay-shaft and pedestals, bevel wheel and pinion, vertical shaft bearings and 
pinions. (6) Improved Capstan, with quadruple hand purchase and arrangement for throwing 
out of gear. (7) Pair of Wrought-Iron Side Tanks for holding fresh water to feed the 
boiler. (8) One improved Expansive Fixed Engine, with cylinder, 8 " dia. X 16 " stroke. 
(9) One improved 6 " Centrifugal Pump with foot valve. 

705. BELL-COLEMAN REFRIGERATING COMPANY, 45 
West Nile Street, Glasgow. A Gas-driven Eefrigerator, for use in fish stores or shops, for 
preserving fish, &c., at low temperature, or for making ice same purpose. The gas engine and 
refrigerator are fixed on the same sole-plate. 

706. RANSOME, ALLEN & CO., King's Eoad, Chelsea. (1) Machines 
for making fish casks, those exhibited being designed for pickle casks of the Scotch type. The 
set comprises : Machine for jointing staves ; Machine for jointing and dowalling heading ;. 
Machine for rounding and bevelling heads ; Apparatus for heating casks before being trussed,; 
Hydraulic trussing plant, consisting of three-throw pump (lent to Exhibitors by Messrs. A. 
Smith and Stevens, of Janus Works, Battersea) ; Trussing machine and accumulator with 
pipes and fittings ; Machine for chiming, crozing and howelling casks ; special automatic 
machine for grinding cutters ; 6 HP. vertical steam engine and boiler, with patent governors, 
&c> (lent to Exhibitors by Messrs. E. K. & F. Turner, St. Peter's Works, Ipswich.) (2) Qol- 
lection of casks of various kinds made by A Bansome & Co.'s patent machinery in different 
parts of the world. 

707. WILLANS & ROBINSON, Ferry Works, Thames Ditton, 
Surrey. (1) Marine Engines, for fishing or carrying vessels. (2) Models and Drawings of 
Steam Trawlers and Carriers. (3) Steam Capstans and Winches. (4) Collection of Small 
Marine Compound Engines for fishing vessels (Willans' Patent), with all working parts 
enclosed and self-lubricating, and with all bearings in constant thrust, so that the brasses 
never require setting up. (5) Steam Capstans and Winches. (6) Collection of Samples and 
Models of Kobinson's Patent Boat Disengaging Gear, as used in the Koyal Navy. 

703. VULCAN IRON WORKS COMPANY, Scott Street, Hull. (1) 
One large Capstan. (2) Steam Capst-.n, with Boiler, adapted for use of fresh water only, 

THE BEST FOOD FOR INFANTS" 

IS THE ONLY FOOD EXPRESSLY PREPARED FOR INFANTS. 
SUPPLIED TO THE ROYAL NURSERIES. 

SAVORY AND MOORE, 

143, NEW BOND STREET, LONDON. 

AND OF CHEMI8T8, &o n EVEP-XWHERB. 

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Great Britain Machinery in Motion. 



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carried by boats in tanks. (3) Steam Capstan Engine, with Boiler, adapted for the use of fresh 
or salt water. (Awarded Bronze Medal at Tynemouth Exhibition.) (4) Steam Capstan 
Boiler and Condenser combined, specially adapted for use on board fishing smacks, for providing 
water for culinary and boiler purposes. New invention. (5) Model of a Steam Trawler. 
(6) Photographs, &c., of Marine Engines, Steam Trawlers, Steam Capstans and Fishing gear. 

709. BECK, J., & CO., 130 Great Suffolk Street, Southwark, S.E. (1) 
Valves, Pumps, Hose, &c. (2) Fog Horn. 

710. KEYMER, H. J. C., The Fisheries' Iron Works, Great Yarmouth. 
(1) Capstan Engines. (2) Hand Capstan. (3) Keymer's Patent Combined Steam Engine 
and Capstan. Horizontal Type. (4) Steam Engines and Arrangement for Driving Capstan, 
Horizontal Type, Old Style. (5) New Style Iron Bar Capstan for Steam, on Ball Bearings. 

711. JONES, F., & CO., Inside Lining of Refrigerators. 

712. ROSE, DOWNS & THOMPSON, Old Foundry, Hull; and King- 
ston Works, Grimsby. (1) Collection of Steam Machinery, used in Trawl Fishing. (2) 
Kingston Capstan Engine, with two 5-inch cylinders. (3) Kingston Capstan Engine with two 
4-inch cylinders. (4) Kingston Winch for Wire Trawl Warp. (5) Improved Capstan for hand 
or steam power. (6) Collection of Improved Appliances for trawling vessels. (7) Patent 
main Sheet Buffer. (8) Rose Downs and Thompson's Patent Capstan. 

7l2a. DUNCAN BROTHERS, Engineers, 32 Queen Victoria Street, 
London, E.G. Tait's Patent Electric Valve Closing Apparatus, for quickly stopping steam 
engines. This apparatus is controlled by hand from any distance by means of electric wires, 
and is also automatic in its action, stopping steam engines almost instantaneously. When 

WATERPROOF CANVAS 

BAGS, HOLDALLS, AND KNAPSACKS 

of every description for Travellers and Sportsmen. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G. 



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WILSON BENN1SON. SURVEYOR TO EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



applied to marine engines, the officers in charge of the vessel may stop or reverse the engines 
in less time than that in which signals can be transmitted to the engine room. 

713. HASLAM FOUNDRY AND ENGINEERING COMPANY, 

Limited, Union Foundry, Derby. A Patent Dry Air Kefrigerator, to deliver 6000 ft. of air pet 
hour, adapted for fishing smacks, for cooling the fish chambers, also for small fish stores on shore. 

7I3. UNITED ASBESTOS COMPANY, 161 Queen Victoria Street, 
E.G. (1) Asbestos Patent Steam Packing for Marine Engines. (2) Asbestos Millboard for 
steam and other joints. (3) Fine specimen of Eaw Italian Asbestos Fibre as used for making 
Packing. (4) Asbestos Patent Fire-proof Paint for Preserving the Woodwork of Vessels of 
all kinds from Destruction by Fire. 

714. DAVIS & CO., 24 Moorgate Street, London, E.G. Capstan, Windlass, 
and Steering Gear. 

715. CLARK, BUNNETT & CO., Limited, 4J Kathbone Place, 
London, W. Working model of Smith's Patent Hydraulic Dredger. 

716. SIEBE, GORMAN & CO., 187 Westminster Bridge Road, London ; 
and Neptune Works, Mason Street, Lambeth. Patent Universal Cold- Air Machine, for preser- 
vation of fish, &c., suitable for small steamers, &c. 

717. MITCHELL & SON, Kirkcaldy, N.B. Windlasses, for hauling 
fishing nets and gear, hoisting masts, &c. 

718. ABBOTT, J., & CO., Newark-on-Trent. Machinery. 

719. SHIELDS, JOHN, & CO., Wallace Works, Perth. Apparatus foi 

spreading oil on troubled water. 

BUNNETT'S PATENT HYDRAULIC HOISTS. 
CLARK'S PATENT SELF-GRIPPING CRABS. 
SMITH'S PATENT HYDRAULIC DREDGERS. 

CLARK, BUNNETT AND CO., Limited, 

RATHBONE PLACE, OXFORD STREET, LONDON. 

Constructors of every description of Corrugated Iron House*. 
Constructional Ironwork} ceo* 



Great Britain Class IV. Fish Culture. 



720. SIDDELEY & CO., 14 Upper William Street, Liverpool. A Com- 
plete Kefrigerating Apparatus, for fishing vessels or fish carriers : comprising a freezing 
machine and necessary fittings for the hold, to keep same at low temperature ; also tank for 
making block ice. 

721. WOOLF, YEATMAN & CO., 119 New Bond Street. (1) American 
Refrigerator, for the preservation of fish, food, &c., perfectly dry cold air. (2) Yeatman's 
Yeast Powder, for making Bread, Pastry, Puddings, &c., without Yeast, invaluable for ships' and 
home use. Prepared ready for the oven, in a few minutes. Also Yeatman's Indian Pudding 
Preparations, Yeatman's Custard Powder, Yeatman's Granulated Flavouring Essences, and 
Yeatman's Perfected Corn Flour, &c. 

722. PRIESTMAN BROS., 52 Queen Yictoria Street, and Hull. (1) 
Working Model of Patent Dredger for cleaning rivers, small harbours and fishing stations. 
(2) Priestman's Patent Steam Dredger, specially adapted for dredging small fishing stations, 
harbours, rivers, &c. (3) Steam Dredger (in grounds). 

723. CLARK, BUNNETT & Cp., Eathbone Place, London, W. 
(1) Hydraulic Lift. (2) Warehouse Lift. Both in Clark, Bunuett and Co.'s Ornamental Iron 
Pavilion. 

724. SWANSEA WAGGON COMPANY, Swansea. Eefrigerating 
Railway Waggon for the conveyance of fish. 

725. THOMAS, E. C. G., National Club, Whitehall, London. (1) Model 
of Breakwater as a harbour of refuge on the coast. Purely a shelter harbour for use during 
storm, or when low tide prevents ingress to a neighbouring port, may be constructed in three 
months, at small cost, and affording any depth of water the largest vessel can require. If 
repeated every fifty miles along the coast it would almost prevent shipwreck, and save one 
thousand lives a year. 

726. TURNER GAS ENGINE COMPANY, St. Albans. Vertical 
Gas Engine for driving steam fishing smacks. 

726. ATKINS, CHAS., & NISBET, 1 Water Lane, Great Tower Street, 
E.G. Glutinous Belting Syrup. 



PREFACE TO CLASS IV. 

FlSH-CuLTURE. 

FlSS-CtJLTtJRE in the last quarter of a century has developed aims which remove it very far 
from the fish-culture of the past. The object of modern pisciculture is to preserve the balance 
of fish life against the disturbing agencies of modern civilization, by affording, through 
close and accurate study, a safe basis for legislative enactments, and by restoring the 
already depopulated waters to more than their pristine wealth. Modern fish-culture embraces 
alike sea and land ; ancient fish-culture, with the exception of a few brackish lagoons, com- 
prised freshwater only. If however Diodorus Siculus is to be trusted, fish-culture flourished 
3400 years ago, on a commercial scale which rivals any modern industry, as he mentions an 
artificial lake constructed by Moeris, where the revenue derived from the fishing exceeded a 
talent a day ; and the fish increased so fast that the preparations for salting were insufficient. 
Passing to China and Japan, fish-culture has long been carried on, but I am not aware that 
it extends beyond the collection and sale of spawn, and the artificial feeding of young fry, 
although the telescope fish has undoubtedly become a permanent variety through artificial 
selection. Roman fish culture consisted in constructing stews, more for the gratification of 
luxury than for increasing the food of the country. In medieval times the institution of 
the monastries again encouraged fish-culture ; and it is probable we owe to the monks our 
grayling and our coregonus, and very likely our pike also; but in their time .the great 
necessity for fish-culture had not arisen. The rivers were still unpolluted and the seas 
undisturbed. That the bays, estuaries, and sheltered parts of the coast may in the 
immediate future be systematically cropped with crabs and lobsters, and with oysters and 
edible molluscse that smelts may swarm in our estuaries, and the deep-sea cod be artificially 
increased is part of the object of modern pisciculture. In fresh water the important problem 
of the culture of the salmonidse has within the last few years been solved. The discovery of 
Pinchon, in the fourteenth century, the work of Jacobi in the eighteenth, and again, the 
observations of Gehen and Remy in the latter part of the first half of the present century, 
paved the way for the establishment of Huningue ; while M. Veraskie's notebook in the autumn 



Great Britain Class IV. Aquaria. 87 

of 1856 for ever set at rest all difficulties as to artificial impregnation, although probably 
fifteen years elapsed before his dry method was adopted out of Kussia ; and to Mr. George 
Sheppard Page the credit is due of making known M. Veraskie's experiments in America. 
Results on that continent may perhaps best be expressed by quoting a letter from Professor 
Spencer Baird, Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries, Washington, to the Commissioner of 
Fisheries of Canada. "In the Sacramento Eiver we are absolutely certain of our ground, 
" having brought up the supply of salmon to more than its pristine condition of abundance, 
" by planting about two millions of young fish every year. The catch there has increased 
" in five years from five million (5,000,000) pounds to fifteen million (15,000,000) pounds ; 
" and in 1881 there was more fish than could be utilized in all the canning establishments on 
"the river.'* One of the most important points in the study of fish-culture is the selection 
of the most suitable fish for the purpose in view, and the acclimatisation of new species, to be 
permanently beneficial, requires great knowledge and care. The cultivation of the food of 
fishes in fresh water, and its study in salt, will we hope receive great stimulus from this 
Exhibition. In both branches there is a rich harvest to be gathered. The migrations of 
many species of sea fish depending principally and the quantities of fresh water fish a 
given space will carry depending entirely on the feeding. Salmon depend on. their spawning 
rivers for quantity, and on their sea-feeding for size and quality. Oysters frequently thrive 
and fatten best under conditions unfavourable to their reproduction, hence the kindred 
problems of increasing the supply of salmon and of oysters have something in common, and 
in future will be largely dependent on artificial culture for their production, and on careful 
legislation for their increase and development. Salmon ladders will always continue necessary 
aids to sport, but the rapid strides with which artificial breeding is advancing will prevent 
their insufficiency telling much longer on our food supply. France, already at the head of 
oyster culture, is again moving in the matter of pisciculture ; and M. Chabot-Karlin, in tho 
Bulletin du Ministere de 1'Agriculture, 1882, reports on the project of forming sixteen chairs of 
pisciculture throughout France, and in the first bulletin for 1883 he reports that in Belgium 
the government has, by the creation of a vast piscicultural establishment, commenced the 
restocking of the Meuse Superieure that in the grand duchy of Luxemburg the best 
practical results in Europe have been obtained that in Germany success has been obtained 
by official encouragement to private societies, of which that of Metz offers a valuable model 
that Holland, by a system of prizes for stocking waters, has produced the best results, and, 
through its concessions of the public domain, has carried oyster culture to the highest point 
in Europe. Of the countries not mentioned in the report Norway and Sweden are fully 
alive to the value of pisciculture; Austria also possesses many establishments. Russia has 
long given much study to fish-culture: the inspector of fisheries in Finland, Professor 
Malmgren, has just issued an important report. Salmonidse have been successfully introduced 
into India, first by Professor Day, and to the Antipodes by Messrs. Francis Francis and Youl. 
It requires only the collection and ' distribution of the knowledge of the world's work in 
fish-culture as we hope it will be collected and distributed through this Exhibition to 
make an acre of water more valuable than an acre of land, and the toilers of the sea reap 
many fold their present harvest. 

J. R. G. MAITLAND. 
AQUARIA. 

IT was not until the Executive Committee of the International Fisheries Exhibition became 
aware of the immense size which it was rapidly attaining, and of the vast national, not to 
speak of international importance with which the undertaking had become invested, that 
the idea of erecting a series of sea and fresh-water aquaria was practically taken into 
consideration. Nor was it after either the first or second anxious discussion that the 
Committee felt justified in incurring the large outlay and truly gigantic amount of labour, 
both theoretical and practical, which the task of building even a small aquarium under 
favourable conditions necessitates. A very little thought will suffice to realize how arduous 
and varied were the duties which by such a resolution the Executive Committee under- 
took. Their first act was to select a Sub-Committee formed of those gentlemen who were not 
only eminently qualified and capable, but also willing to plan and execute the best system 
y which the numerous difficulties caused by an unsuitable locality could be most easily 
combated. The list of this Committee included the following well-known names, who have 



88 Of eat Britain Class IV. Aquaria. 

laboured hard since October last to carry out the work which now speaks for itself: Sir 
James Ramsay Gibson Maitland, Bart., T. J. Mann, Esq., Col. Stuart Wortley, A. G. 
Jardine, Esq., Francis Day, Esq., W. Fell Woods, Esq., Oldham Chambers, Esq., J. T. 
Carrington, Esq., and Henry Lee, Esq. 

After the closest inspection of the portions of the gardens available for the purpose, 
the Committee ultimately decided upon the present position, known generally as the West 
Arcade, for several weighty reasons, such as solidity of foundation, existence of a heavy 
concrete roof, and the immunity conferred upon it by its position from the rays of a summer 
sun, which would have acted seriously on the temperature of the water, while the presence of 
spacious cellarage at the southern end afforded the means of procuring a large reservoir for 
the storage of the necessary sea water. Although the period for which it is proposed to keep 
the Exhibition open for is only six months, yet the Committee have had all the work in 
connection with the tanks executed in the best materials, so that there may not be any 
chance of those small leaks which have proved such deep sources of trouble in nearly every 
existing aquarium. In carrying out the work the Committee have had the benefit of the 
great experience of Mr. H. C. Norman, of the firm of Messrs. Leete, Edwards and Norman, 
of Euston Road, in conjunction with whom he has superintended the fitting up of the 
vulcanite circulation system to the principal existing aquaria. The brickwork is entirely of 
the best brick fixed in cement, and was set under the personal supervision of Mr. Wilson 
Bennison, who, in connection with the late Major-General Scott, C.B., has most efficiently 
carried out the arduous task of erecting the Exhibition buildings. In order to meet the 
demands of numerous exhibitors, and to enable them to make the Aquarium thoroughly 
representative, the Committee found that it would be necessary to build nineteen tanks for 
sea and fresh water, and twenty smaller table tanks for sea water alone. As the appearance 
of these tanks when merely finished off with asphalte and slate, respectively, appeared to the 
Committee to be somewhat unattractive, they determined to face them with rock-work, and 
found in Mr. Pulham, of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, a talented and willing contractor, who, 
in spite of the difficulties which are caused by the use of lime in any active form, has executed 
his work with much taste and skill at a merely nominal cost. The water for the sea-water tanks 
has been obtained direct from Brighton, and has been supplied by Messrs. Hudson & Co., of 
Pimlico, whose extensive plant, employed for the sea-water supply to the Crystal Palace and 
Westminster Aquarium, obviates the danger of any impurities being brought into contact 
with the sea-water in transit. The total bulk of water in circulation through the ten large 
and twenty small sea-water tanks and reservoirs is upwards of 65,000 gallons, and the entirety 
was conveyed from Brighton to South Kensington at a fixed rate of 5000 gallons per day. 
The remaining nine large tanks are fresh-water tanks, and to prevent the fish being exposed 
to the variations of quality and temperature of the ordinary West Middlesex Water Company's 
supply, the Committee have availed themselves of the kind offer of Messrs. Atkins & Co., 
Sanitary Engineers, of 62 Fleet Street, to place .at their disposal one of their large 
water-softening and filtering apparatus, which will, as the fresh-water tanks are provided 
with underneath reservoirs, allow of the same water being kept continuously in circulation, and 
will of itself prove a great saving in expense, besides benefiting the fish. The question of 
stocking an aquarium being one of great difficulty and also expense, Lord Walsingham, who 
has presented 1000 freshwater fish of various kinds, the Duke of Bedford several species 
of carp and other fish, the Marquis of Exeter trout and black bass, the Duke of Portland 
trout, Sir James G. Maitland trout, and numerous others, have by their generous gifts tended 
very greatly to mitigate the arduous task of the Stocking Committee, who have yet had to 
use every endeavour to arrange for an adequate amount of seawater fish and .Crustacea. 
In order to procure an independent supply of the former, the Committee engaged the services 
of a smack-owner to trawl for them in the Channel for three weeks ; and as the managers 
of the Brighton Aquarium kindly consented to receive and store the takes of fish in their 
spare tanks, so as to give them a break in the voyage from Brighton to the Exhibition, the 
Committee have been enabled to stock their tanks with, so to speak, partially educated fish. 
As regards Crustacea, the Committee are indebted to Messrs. Poland Brothers, of Billingsgate, 
who have supplied them with a very fine exhibit of lobster, crabs and crayfish ; and Messrs. 
Lynn and Gibson, who display an appetising show of shrimps, prawns, and other Crustacea. 
Another, and perhapg almost the mogt attractive, branch of the Aquaria is that which 



^_ Great Britain^-Divisions XXXY. t XXXVl.West Arcade. 89 

6ontains the anemones, for the finest specimens of which the Committee are again indebted 
to the Directors of the Brighton Aquarium, who have given every assistance to procure a 
thorough and handsome collection. It will be well, perhaps, for those visitors who take any 
interest beyond mere curiosity in an aquarium to try and realise for a few moments the 
seemingly overwhelming difficulties which appear to crop up on all sides to those who 
undertake the formation of one. So numerous are the questions which have individually to 
receive the deepest discussion, that it is quite impossible to consider them in a short preface ; 
but it may be as well to mention some of the few principal ones. The first question is the 
quantity, quality, and direction of the supply of light, which, if not of the most perfect and 
direct kind, will entirely prevent the finest aquarium from ever becoming a success. Second 
only in importance are the questions of foundation and drainage, as the slightest error in 
either of these causes not only leaks in masonry, but signs the death-warrant of the costly 
plate glasses. Next the temperature and quality of the water to be used give a vast amount 
of anxiety, and when, in spite of all difficulties, the naturalist has erected for himself an 
aquarium, and the tanks appear to be in the highest degree satisfactory, he has the disappoint- 
ment of learning that the light which he has been so assiduously arranging for the benefit 
of the public is a deadly enemy to the fish. These are merely the larger troubles, and as 
such sufficient to prove to the visitors' mind the public thanks which are due on all sides to 
those who lend all their science, knowledge, and energy for the public good. 

HARRY W. TOWSE. 

DIVISION XXXV. 
FISH CULTURE. 

Models or drawings of fish hatching, breeding and rearing 
establishments, including oyster and other shellfish grounds; and 
all apparatus and implements connected with the same and for 
transporting fish and fish ova. Pood for fry. 

7266. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. Models, &c., 
of Collectors, and Implements, and Apparatus used in Oyster Culture. See also Kos. 775, 
767, 772, 792. 

DIVISION XXXVI. [West Arcade.] See Plan, p. 92. 

Kepresentations illustrative of the development and progressive 

growth of fish. 

7260. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. (1) Drawings 
to illustrate Paper (read 1872), On the Eeproductive and Larval States of the Oyster." (2) 
Ten cases of Specimens Illustrative of the Development and Growth of Oysters bred 
Artificially, &c. [West Quadrant.'} 

727. RUSS, PERCY H., Sligo, Ireland. Oysters. 

729. WpODHOUSE, C. OBINS, O'Meath, co. Louth. Oysters Car- 
lingford Natives and Naturalized French. 

730. GRESSY & EZANNO, Carnac, Morbihan. Oysters. 

731. LE ROUX, DR., Les Sables d'Olonne, Vendee. Oysters. 

732. CORNILLEAU, L., La Trinite sur Mer, Morbihan. Oysters. 

733. LAMARZELLE DE G., Vannes, Morbihan. Oysters. 

734. POZZY, Sarzean Morbihan. Oysters. 

735. MARTIN, ALPHONSE, Kerrgurionne, Morbihan. Oysters. 

736. NOUGE, HENRI, Marennes. Oysters. 

CARSON'S PAINT 

FOR OUT-DOOR WORK, 

BEST AJNX> CHEAPEST. 

PRICES, PATTERNS, AND TESTIMONIALS POST-FREE. 
LONDON, DUBLIN, AND BELFAST. 

La Belle Sauvage Yard, Ludgate Hill, E.G. 



90 Great Britain Division XXXVlI. West Arcade. 

738. ATKINS WATER SOFTENING CO., 62 Fleet Street, London. 
Apparatus for removing carbonate of lime from water to prevent incrustation in boilers ; and 
also all impurities (sewage and other matters) so injurious to the culture of fish in artificial 
streams, brooks, tanks and aquaria. 

741. WHITSTABLE COMPANY OF FREE FISHERS AND 
DREDGERS, in the County of Kent, known as " Whitstable Oyster 
Company" Thomas G. Browning, Clerk, Whitstable. (1) Samples of Oysters, Living Spat 
(shown microscopically) and Brood. Facsimile of natural Oyster Ground, with boring molluscs 
and other enemies ; algee, sponges, zoophytes, &c. Samples of soil. (2) ' Collection of Oyster 
Shells. ' (3) Act of Incorporation, 1793, and Seal of the Company. (4) Collection of 
preserved Zoophytes and Polyzoa found at Whitstable. (5) Collection showing Teredo navalis 
and its ravages. (4 and 5 lent by Sibert Saunders). 

743. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS OF, 
Burghley House, Stamford (W. T. Silk, Pisciculturist to the Marquis of Exeter.) Yearling Trout. 

744. ANDREWS, THOMAS, Westgato House, Guildford. Yearling 
Trout. 

744a. CAPEL, CHARLES CECIL, Cray Fishery, Foots Cray, Kent. 
Yearling Trout. 

745. CHAMBERS, W. OLDHAM, F.L.S., Lowestoft. Yearling Trout. 

748. CURTIN, FERGUS, Mucknish Castle, Burren Oranmore, Ireland. 
(1) An Oyster Lifter, Invented by Exhibitor. (2) Oysters, Red Bank, Burren. (3) 
Scollops, and other Shellfish. 

7486. WALLSCOURT, LORD, Ardree, Oranmore, co. Galway. Natural 
(or Native) Oysters from uncultivated beds at Ardree, Galway Bay, the property of 
Exhibitor. 

748c. BRAZIER, ALBERT, Southwick, Brighton, Sussex. Oysters, 
natives, seconds, and some oysters cultivated and fattened in the River Adus. 
See also Nos. 763, 765, 766, 767, 772, 773, 789. 

DIVISION XXXVII. [West Arcade.] See Plan, p. 92. 

Models and drawings of fish passes and fish ladders. 
Scientific investigations. 

749. GAIL, RICHARD, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Gail's Lock Swimming 
Salmon Pass. This system of pass enables the heaviest spawn-laden salmon to surmount any 
obstacle in rivers, such as natural falls, dams, or weirs of any height, even to 100 feet or more, 
by swimming through it in unbroken water from the lower to the upper water, without 
fatigue, exposure, or having to leap. The quantity of water to work this pass is small, self- 
acting, and regulated exactly to suit itself to any height of the water in the river in freshes or 
floods. The velocity of the water does not increase as it descends, and in each lock is nearly 
quiescent and purls about, imposing no exertion on the fish, and as fish and water are the same 
specific gravity, they can ascend 100 ft. easier than a man can ascend the same height by a stair. 

749. O'KEEFE, M. T., M.I.C.E.L Model of High and Low Water 
Fish Pass. Executed in concrete on the River Lee, co. Cork, Ireland. 

750. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS 
OF, Burghley House, Stamford. (Models and Apparatus by W. T. Silk, Pisciculturist to the 
Marquis of Exeter.) (1) Model of Fish Breeding and Rearing Establishment. (2) Apparatus 
for Hatching Salmonidae. (3) Apparatus for Rearing Salmonidse. (4) Apparatus used in 
transporting Black Bass from U.S. America, with Pump. (5) Tank for conveying Young of 
Salmonidse long distances, with Electric Pump attached. (6) Apparatus for carrying Ova 
of Salmonidae. (7) Hatching Apparatus for Cod, Soles, Turbot, Herring, &c. (8) Hatching 
Apparatus for Pike, Roach, Perch, and Tench. (9) Two Salmon Ladders, One Jumping 
Ladder, One Swimming Ladder. (10; Food for Fry. (11) Model of Fish Hatching. (12) 
Fish Passes. (13) Movable trap for catching Salmonidfe. 

ALL THE LATEST IMPROVEMENTS IN 

FISHERMEN'S WATEfiPROOFS, 

TO BE HAD AT 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON'S, 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E. 

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91 



THE EQUITABLE LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY 

OF THE UNITED STATES. 
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This Society also issues all other forms of LIFE ENDOWMENT and 
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.A.' GOOD 

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OF THE UNITED STATES, issues a 
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By which is secured an Assurance, an Investment, and an Annuity combined. 
The profits divided on this class of Policies at fixed periods have been largely 
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The following are noticeable points in the Twenty-third Annual Eeportfor the 
Year ending December 31, 1882 : 

The Assets exceed 10,000,000 

The Surplus exceeds 2,199,000 

The Income in 1882 exceeded 2,400,000 

The New Business in 1882 exceeded ... 12,900,000 
Total amount of New Assurance written during the past Sixteen years is 
larger than that transacted by any other Company. Over 14,000,000 have 
been paid to Policy-holders in Twenty-three years. 

Prospectuses and further information given on application to 

S. G. GOODRICH, Resident Director, 81, Cheapside, London, E.C. 

THE 

WATERPROOF 
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Made of leather prepared 
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SOLD BY- 



ASHFORD. H. Horton & Son, 96 and 99, High St 
BARNSTAPLE. Wm. Lock & Sou, 3, High St. 
BATH. Frederick Mager, 11, Quiet St 
BEUWICK-ON-TWEED. Adam Winlaw, 7*9, High St. 
BIRMINGHAM. Bo-tock A Co., 41 A, New St. 
BISHOP AUCKLAND. H. Longstaff,(and all branches). 
BRIGHTON. Dutton A Thorowgood, Castle sq. 
CANTERBURY. H. Kenny & Son. 65, St. George's St 
CHELTENHAM.-W. Shurpe * Son, 11, Colonnada 
CHIPPING NORTON, (Oion.! Joseph Jeffries. 
DARLINGTON. R. Watson, 3, Prebend Row. 
DERBY. James Allaby, 31, Sa<Urgte. 
DUBLIN. Arthur Webb. 84, Upper Sackville'St 
DUMFRIES. John McClure, 6, English St. ' 
EDINBURGH. James Allan A Son, 123, Prince's St. 
ETON. Paine A Son, 136, High St. 
GLASGOW. Peter Dickson, 406, Parliamentary Rd. 
HULL. Garten & Atkinson, 36, Whitefriargate. 

Also in most Towns in the Kingdom. 



LEAMINGTON.-^Joseph T. Sou thorn, 112, The Parade. 
LINCOLN.- William Andrews, 4, Guildhall St. 
LIVERPOOL.!. K. Fleming, 8, Basnett St. 
LONDON. Marshall A Willats. 476 A 478, Oxford St. W. 



John Hand, 82, Cheapside, E.G. 

A. Wilson A Son, 79, Newington Causeway. 
MALVERN. Benjamin Jones, Belle Vue Terrace. 
MANCHESTKR.-R. Phillips A Son, 73. Deansgate. 
NEWCASTLE-ON TYNE. Amos Atkinson. 70, Grey St. 
NEWCASTLE, (Staffs.) James Leech, 9, Penkhull &t. 
NEWPORT, (Mon..)-D. E. Davies, 26a, High St. 
NOTTINGHAM. Thos. W. Robinson, 2, Long Bow. 
OXFORD Liliingston's, 48, Cornmarket St. 
SALISBURY. J. D. Courtenay, 17, High St. 
SHEFFIELD. Greaves A Son. 167, W*t St. 
SHREWSBURY. Jos. Delia Porta, Princess St. 
SITTINGBOUltNE. William Bartlett, 62, High St. 
STOCKTON-ON-TESS. O. Palmer, 162, HJh St. 



Ask your Bootmaker to use Anhydrous Waterproof Leather in all new boots 

and repairs. 
The Trade may apply tothe MANUFACTURERS OF WATERPROOF LEATHER, KENDAL 



92 



Great Britain Division XXXVILWest Arcade. 



AQUARIUM & PISCI- 



5 1\ \743\800 | 749 [7 T1 174^ ?g | 73gJ7e5|73 5J 734] 




WEST 

751. PORTLAND, HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF, Welbeck Abbey, 
Worksop* Address all communications to Mr. Boaler, Welbeck, Worksop. (1) Model of 
Fish Hatching House and Appliances for ditto. (2) Model Fish Ladder and Photograph. 

75ia. STUART-WORTLEY, COL., Kosslyn House, Grove End Eoad, 
St. John's Wood and Patent Museum, South Kensington. Model of Marine Aquaria System 
of Circulation and Filtering of water as arranged by the Exhibitor in his private house. 

752. CHAMBERS, W. OLDHAM, F.L.S., Lowestoft. (1) Model and 
Plan of Fish Culture Establishment, for 100,000 Salmonidae, combining Efficiency with 
Economy. (2) Model and Plan of Fish Culture Establishment, for 300,000 Salmonidae, com- 
bining Efficiency with Economy. (3) Model of a series of Fish Ponds for Fresh Water Fishes. 
In this and the two previous models every pond is entirely independent of the other, and under 
entire control and management. (4) Description of the way in which Fish Ponds can be con- 
structed, and guidance for their management. (5) Hatching Apparatus for Salmonidce. (6) 
Hatching Apparatus for Salmonidse, smaller size. (7) Hatching Apparatus for Coarse Fish. 
(8) Vase for Hatching deep-sea floating Eggs, such as the Cod. (9) Box for Hatching deep- 
sea adhesive Eggs, such as the Herring. (10) Specimens of Foreign Food Fishes suitable for 
acclimatization into Great Britain. (11) Vase for Bearing Salmonidse Fry. (12) Vase for 
Bearing Salmonidse Fry, on pedestal. (13) Specimens of young Trout in spirits, showing 
progressive growth. 

753. NORFOLK AND SUFFOLK FISH ACCLIMATIZATION 
SOCIETY, W. Oldham Chambers, F.L.S., Honorary Secretary, Lowestoft. 
Specimens of twenty-five yearling Trout. 

754. STUART & CO., 8 Thomas Street, Edinburgh. H) Patent Grano- 
lithic Model of Salmon Pass or Ladder at Morphie, on the North Esk, Forfarshire. Depth of 



EDWARD SMITH'S Is. HOLLOW-GROUND RAZOR Is pronounced hy all to be the moat 
wonderful Razor ever Introduced. It has stood the test of over three years, during which time thou- 
lands have been sold, retail only, at No. 3, Cheapslde. It never requires grinding or setting, and Is 
complete In case for Is. Id. ; post free, IB. 3d. My graduating R A ZOR STROP Is the best for sharpening 
razors ever Introduced. By means of a screw, It graduates Its elasticity, making It more or less elastic 
at pleasure. Its elasticity will prove Invaluable to the unskilful operator, at It will prevent his In- 
cautiously bearing too hard upon the razor, and Injuring Its edge, at the same time enabling him to 
keep his razor In perfect order. Price 2s. 9d. and 3s. 9d., post free. Kxtra best quality, solid leather 
case and superior finish, 4s. 9d. and 5s. 9>1., post free. The Diamond Razor Strop Paste. 7d., post fr. 
The Magic Shaving Stick, 7d., post free. List of Shaving Tackle, poet free. 

EDWARD SMITH. Razor Maker. 8. Chei^aldo, London. Z.O. 



Great Britain Division XXXVILWest Arcade. 



CULTURE DEPT. 




I I Ml ..I 

i>UMPIN(| 
JFNGINtL La 

P IQ o 

J I - rsALf WATFR | TANKS I I ~ 



II J I 



1 1 T 1T S M II II 




ARCADE 

pass, 20 inches; breadth at top, 5 feet, gradually widening out until it is nearly twice that 
width at bottom ; length of pass, 70 feet ; scale, inch to 1 foot. (2) Patent Granolithic 
Model of Salmon Ladder at Deanston, on the Teith, Perthshire. Length of salmon ladder, 
250 feet, gradient 1 in 27 ; width of ladder at bottom, 40 feet ; height of side wall at top, 4 
feet; height of side wall at bottom, 12J feet; cross beams 1 foot deep and 12 feet apart 
(except the three upper spaces, which are respectively 8, 9, and 10 feet apart.) Total width of 
wier at sill, 248 feet. Scale f inch to 1 foot. 

755. MAITLAND, SIR JAMES RAMSAY-GIBSON-, BART., of 
Barnton. (1) Model of Salmon Hatching House at Howietoun. (2) Model of Piscicultural 
Establishment at Howietoun. (3) Implements and Utensils used therein, viz., hatching and 
rearing trays, cases for transport and export of ova, tanks for carrying Trout and Fry with 
automatic aeration of the water, "feeding spoons," grilles, ova extractors, safety screens, 
syphons, spawning dishes, thermometers, &c. 

755. EDINBURGH MUSEUM OP SCIENCE AND ART, 
Edinburgh, Prof. T. C. Archer, Director. (1) Model of Salmon Ladder (in case), designed- 
by Messrs. Leslie & Son, Civil Engineers, Edinburgh. (2) 3 Models of Salmon Ladders, 
designed by Messrs. Leslie & Son, Civil Engineers, Edinburgh (in case\ (3) Model of 
Stake Net, made by Mr. Alexander Speedie, Perth. (4) The Muszynski Apparatus for 
transporting the fry of fish ; by this apparatus 10,000 fry of Coregonus Baeri were safely 
transferred from St! Petersburg to Edinburgh, and a Collection of Fishing Appliances used 
by the Faro Island Fishermen. 

756. BOLTON, THOMAS, Naturalist, 57, Newhall Street, Birmingham. 
(1) Living Microscopical Organisms from Freshwater and Marine Life shown under the 
Microscope. (2) Portfolios of Drawings of the same (3) Album of Seaweeds. (4) Aquaria, 
both Marine and Freshwater, adapted for Microscopical Organisms, witli circulation of water. 

~ANDERSON7"ABBOTTrAND~ANDERSON~ 

ARE THE MANUFACTURERS OF THE 



37, Queen Victoria St., London, B.C. Works : Lirnehouse. 

Messrs. ANDERSON, ABBOTT & ANDERSON, [COPY.] HORSB GUARDS, 12th, June, 1871. 

The Valise made by your firm has been found well suited for the conditions proposed, viz., to 

nable an officer to carry the articles absolutely required for service ; and the waterproof sheet 

answers as a bed ; the whole, fittings included, not exceeding forty pounds weight. The pattern 

h*a been deposited at the Horse Guards for inspection. AKIUUB HKRBBRT, A. A,G., Col. 



94 Great Britain Division XXXVILWest Arcade. 

(5) Kevolving Microscope Tables. (6) Collecting Apparatus. (7) Microscopes and accessories 
for the examination of living organisms. In the course of the season the male Stickleback 
Gasterostens will be shown in charge of its nest and brood of young fry. (8) Seaweed mounted 
by Miss Boning. 

756a. FISHERIES PRESERVATION ASSOCIATION, per H. 
A. Kinloch, Secretary, 17 Seymour Street, Portman Square, W. (1) Models of Salmon Nets. 
(2) Model of Weirs, with fish passes. (3) Models of Putchers, &c. 

757. KESSELL & SON, 11 South wark Street, Borough, London, S.E. 
(1) 4 Fountain Aquaria with Fish, &c. No. 4.1 size, but in various decorations. Live Gold 
and other Fish. (2) Fountain Aquaria. No. 2 size in variety of decoration. Fitted with 
Live Gold and other Fish. (3) 2 Fountain Aquaria, with Ferns or Flower Stands combination. 
(4) 2 Oblong Aquaria on Stands (Ornamental), with living Fish. (5) 2 Kound Aquaria on 
Ornamental Stands, with Fish, &c. 

758. SPRATTS' PATENT FOpD,Henry Street,Bermondsey,London,S.E. 
(1) Food for Rearing Young Fry and Feeding Adult Fish. Obviates the trouble experienced 
by fish rearers in preparing food, and minimises the tendency to that destructive disease, 
Mould. (2) Food for Coarse Fish. (3) Ground Calcined Oyster Shells for Game and Poultry. 
(4) All kinds of Ship's Biscuits. 

759. CLARK, JOHN, 17 Koyal Exchange Square, Glasgow. (1) Model of 
Williamson's Fish Hatching Trough, fitted with a wire cloth basket, similar to those used in 
the Salmon Hatching Establishment, near Cloud Eiver, California. (2) Also a set of three 
Steel Wire Grilles, new style, which can be made at a moderate price. 

762. RAGLAN, W., 15 Mornington Road, New Cross. New designs for 
Aquarium. 

763. PHILLIPPS, THOMAS, & CO., St. John's Market, Liverpool. 
British and American Oyster Merchants. Kenmare River Natives, Malahide Natives, -Belaid 
Americans, Carlingford and Cleethorps. 

765. DE CORBIGNY, H., Auray, Morbihan. Oysters. 

766. DE LA RICHERIE, G. G., 4 Rue Gale Ory, Lorient. Oysters. 

767. SEASALTER & HAM OYSTER CO., Whitstable, Kent; and 
11 Lower Thames Street, London. (1) Model of "The Company's" Oyster Breeding and 
Rearing Establishment at South Hayling, Hampshire. (2) Spat Collectors. (3) Models of 
Apparatus for Rearing and Protecting Young Oysters. (4) Model of portion of Oyster Ground 
at Whitstable, with Boats, &c., showing mode of fishing, &c. (5) Specimens showing 
progressive growth of Oysters, &c. 

768. WHITSTABLE OYSTER COMPANY. Oysters. (See also 
No. 741.) 

769. SOPTLEY, R. T., Central Works, Row 63J King Street, Great 
Yarmouth. Tanks used in Fish-Hatching Establishments. 

772. OYSTER MERCHANTS' COMPANY, Hampstead. Model of 
Oyster Farm and specimen of Oysters. 

773. WISEMAN, FREDERICK, Paglesham, Rochford, Essex. Living 
and dead specimens of Native Oysters, Oyster Brood, and Dog Whelks, &c. 

774. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. (1) Models of 
Collectors, Implements and Apparatus used in oyster culture. (2) Specimens illustrative 
of the development and growth of oysters bred artificially, &c. [West Quadrant.'] 

775. DILNOT, G., Hayling North, Havant, Hants. (1) Economical 
Appliances for Oyster Culture. (2) Tiles, boards, and canvas spat collectors. (3) Canvas 
Rearing Trays for first stages of growth after detachment. (4) Trays for ultimate growth. 
(5) Pair of oyster-lifters. (6) Brood Harrow. 

776. ERNE FISHERIES, Ballyshannon, Co. Donegal, Ireland. 
(!') Model of Fish Hatching House, with Troughs complete. (2) Model of Pond for retaining 
Salmon for Spawning purposes. This is placed at end of fish house. 

WATERPROOF DRIVING 
APRONS AND KNEE RUGS. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

India Rubber Manufacturers, 
37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, B.C. 



Great Britain Division XXXVII West Arcade. 95 

778. SMALL, W. T., & SONS, 37 Brecknock Eoad, 48 King's Koad,and 

100 Newington Green Road, London, N. Patentees and Manufacturers of Hydraulic Apparatus 
for causing a running stream and cleansing Aquariums. (1) Ponds with Hatching Box and 
Beetle Glasses. (2) Globes for Fish, &c. 

779. BERNEY, GEORGE DUCKETT, Morton Hall, Norwich. 

(1) Model, one-third size of tub, with diaphragm and perforated zinc plate for transporting 
live fish ; internal parts shown which prevent fish from being bruised or choked with dirt. 

(2) Model of Improved Carboy for transporting live fish. (3) Model of Box suspended over 
water, for feeding fish with maggots, so that they may not be dried up by the sun. 

780. KING, GEORGE HOADLEY, Sea Horse House, 165, Great Port- 
land Street. (1) Rustic Fish Hatching Apparatus, invented by'G. H. King in 1863, and 
supplied to the South Kensington, Derby, and Liverpool Museums. (2) Dippers for removing 
ova and food for young fishes. (3) Sea Water Aquaria (7 ft. X 6 ft. long, 4 ft. wide, 2 ft. 
high), containing living specimens of Hippocampi or Sea Horse, &c. (4) Reptile Case con- 
taining Tortoises, &c. 

783. MANN, T. J., The Grange, Bishop Stortford, Herts. Models of a 
Fish Breeding and Rearing Establishment for 100,000 Salmonidse. 

784. ARMISTEAD, JOSEPH JOHN, Solway Fishery, Dumfries, 
N.B. (1) Model of Hatching Establishment. (2) Hatching Apparatus. (3) Apparatus for 
transport of Fish and Ova. (4) Sundry Apparatus connected with Fish Culture. (5) Food 
for Fry. (6) Sundry Piscicultural Appliances. (7) Water Plants in relation to Fish. (8) Set 
of 8 glass tubes showing young Salmon in ovum and weekly growth after hatching out from 
the 1st to 42nd day. (9) Illustrations of the development, &c., of Fish. 

785. MALCOLM, GEORGE, Invergarry, Inverness. Salmon Pass at 
Glengarry, River Lochy. 

786. ANDREWS, THOMAS, Westgate House, Guildford. (1) Tank, 
12 x 4 ft., containing large Trout, 3 years old and upwards. (2) Tank 9 ft. x 4 ft., con- 
taining focd for Trout. (3) Tanks 9 ft. X 4 ft, containing Yearling Fish. (4) Hatching and 
Rearing Trough, 9 ft. x 4 ft. (5) Hatching Trough, 9 ft. X 4 ft., to bring on to feeding 
point 120,000 Salmonidae. (6) Rearing Trough, 9 ft. X 4 ft., containing yearling fish. 
(7) Rearing Trough, 9 ft. X 4 ft., containing 2-year old hybrids. (8) Hatching Trough, 
3 ft. X 1 ft., to bring on to hatching point 100,000 ova. (9) Hatching and Rearing Trough 
3 ft. x by 1 ft, containing Fry and natural food for Trout. 

787. CAPEL, CHARLES CECIL, Cray Fishery, Foots Cray, Kent, 
England. (1) 2 Holton's Patent Hatching Apparatus. (2) Capel's Hatching Apparatus. 

(3) Collection of Hatching Apparatus. (4) Collection of Implements and Appliances for 
Pisciculture. (5) Collection of Feeding Apparatus for Fry and older Fishes. (6) Samples 
of methods of carrying Eggs of Salmon and Trout. (7) Methods of conveying Fishes long 
distances. 

789. BINGHAM, G. T. Oysters. 

790. BROWN, J. M., 33 High Street, Haddington, Scotland. Ornamental 
Aquarium with self-acting fountain. 

790<z. HUGMAN, J. C., 1 Montague Street, Church Lane, Hammersmith. 
Model of Canterbury Cathedral made with sea shells. 300,000 sea shells were used in the 
construction of this model. A procession of choristers moves up the aisle by clockwork. 

791. ASHTON & GREEN, Limited, 11 Bury Street, St. Mary Axe, 
London, E.G., Temple Gate, Bristol, and Festiniog, North Wales. (1) Slate Hatching 
Trough and Overflow Trough. (2) Model of Slate Rearing Trough. 

792. WOOTTON OYSTER FISHERY, Isle of Wight. (1) Model of 
an Oyster-breeding Pond. (2) Specimens (living and dead) of Oysters bred in Ponds on 
Tiles. (3) Other Collections and Microscopic Objects. 



W. & J. MUTTER, Bowmore Distillery, Islay. 

Counting House 41, ANN STEEET, CITY, GLASGOW. 
Agents Messrs. TWISS & BROWNINGS, 47, Mark Lane, London. 

THE ABOVE WHISKY TO BE HAD BY ORDERING THROUGH 
WHOLESALE HOUSES AND BROKERS. 



96 Great Britain. Divisions XXXVIII.-XL. Eastern Arcade. 

793. HAYES, JOHN, 27 Leadenhall St., E.G. Method of supplying 
Sea Water to London. 

794. EASTON, EDWARD, AND WILLIAM RUSS. Plans and 
diagrams of Works for the Supply of Sea Water to London. 

DIVISION XXXVIIL [ West Arcade.] See Plan, p. 92. 

Models and drawings of diseases of fish, with special reference 
to their origin and cure. 

795. SEARLE, E. W., 11 College Place, N.W. Diseased Salmon, cast 
and painted to life. 

795. YOUL, JAMES A., Waratah. House, Clapham. Fac-simile of 
boxes, and mode of packing Salmon Ova, which were sent to the Antipodes. 

796. KING, GEORGE HOADLEY, Sea Horse House, 165, Great 
Portland Street. (1) Large Kelt Salmon, sent to the first Quekett soire'e, with arrow-headed 
parasites in the gills, taken in Col. Townley's water, Whitewell. (2) Diagrams of the parasite 
as shown under the microscope, living. 

7960. NEWMAN, A., 19 Maddox Street, W. Fancy Aquaria. Wrought- 
iron frames, &o. 

DIVISION XXXIX.[OMteiWe Corridor, Fish Market.} See Plan, p. 70. 

Processes for rendering streams polluted by sewage and chemical 
or other works innocuous to fish life (illustrated by models and 
drawings). 

797. MANUFACTURERS' AND MILLOWNERS' MUTUAL AID 

ASSOCIATION", 5 The Sanctuary, Westminster, London, S.W. Processes for 
rendering streams polluted by sewage and chemical or other works innocuous to fish life 
(illustrated by models and drawings). 

798. NATIVE GUANO COMPANY LIMITED, Sewage Works, 
Aylesbury. (1) Purification of Sewage by the Company's processes. (2) Fish living 
in water purified by the above processes. (3) Plans and Models of works for preventing 
river pollution. (4) Native Guano, the resulting manure. (5)Agricultural and Horticultural 
specimens. (6) Microscopic Illustrations. 

DIVISION XL. [Eastern Arcade.] See Plan, p. 26. 

Physico-chemical investigation into those qualities of salt and 
fresh water which affect aquatic animals; investigation of the 
bottom of the sea and of lakes, shown by samples ; aquatic plants 
in relation to fishing, &c. ; researches into the aquatic fauna 
(animals of the several classes preserved in alcohol or prepared, &c.); 
apparatus and implements used in such researches. 

799. RAE, C. S v Allesley, Coventry. Marine Glasses, Microscopes, and 
Magnifying Glasses for showing the parasites and disease on fish, and the anguillula fluviatilis 
animalcules found in the intestinal canals of fishes, &c., as exhibited at Edinburgh and 
Norwich. 

SEWAGE PURIFICATION, 

(A. B. C. PROCESS.) 

In operation at the EXHIBITION (see above) and 
at the SEWAGE WORKS, AYLESBURY, where all 
information may be obtained on application to 

THE NATIVE GUANO Co., Limited. 



Great Britain Natural History. 97 

NATURAL HISTORY. 

WHEN investigating fisheries, their present uses and the benefits which might be derived 
from them, the inquirer soon becomes conscious of the necessity of studying many branches 
of "natural history," both in the vegetable and animal kingdoms, without a competent 
knowledge of which his labours will often be thrown away, or the results of his researches useless, 
if not positively misleading. Fisheries are variously regarded by different classes ; thus the fisher- 
man,"chiefly concerns himself as to what he can obtain from them at the present time, regardless 
of suitable provisions for the next year's supply. The public mainly interest themselves in 
the cost of the fish as disposed of for food ; while the scientific economist bases his conclu- 
sions respecting the value of fisheries in accordance with their produce, and should the supply 
be unequal to the demand he mostly advocates increased killing powers by the employment 
of more destructive agencies, erroneously believing that the stock in the sea is inexhaustible. 
The naturalist and fish culturist ought to approach the question from an entirely different 
point of view ; he should ascertain the life-history of all forms of fishes, not merely such as 
serve for human food, but also of those which form the sustenance of the more predaceous 
kinds. He should endeavour to collect reliable information respecting the plants and animals 
which afford them sustenance and shelter, as well as ascertain what are their enemies or 
their friends, and what conditions favour the presence or absence of either class. Irre- 
spective of the foregoing, he should consider the relationship of temperature, currents, soils 
and the various conditions of the water in which they reside, to their migrations, growth 
health, and reproduction. He should also ascertain whether fish are increasing in numbers 
decreasing, or if the supply remains unchanged ; if the size of those captured is augmenting 
or lessening; if their condition is better or worse than it was. Should investigations lead 
him to conclude that fisheries are being unduly depleted, he should carefully note in what 
families of fish such is occurring, if possible the cause, while in marine forms it is likewise 
necessary to inquire if fishermen have to go further out to sea to obtain their captures, if 
the killing powers of their implements have increased, and whether more men are now required 
to obtain the same amount of fish than was the case a few years previously. Lastly, it may bo 
observed that, unless the investigator is able to distinguish the various species, he may easily 
imagine that he sees in some small forms, as the solonette (Solea minuta), the young of the 
more valuable kinds, as the common sole (8. vulgaris), whereas he is merely examining one 
sort that is worthless, except as food for the larger kinds. Our fresh-water fishes are divisible 
into the river or " fluviatile " and the " lacustrine " or lake forms, while our marine ones may be 
considered as shore or " littoral " and "pelagic "or sea species; these last being again sub- 
divided into such as are generally found near the surface, at greater or mid-depths, and abyssal 
residents, or such as live in the deep sea, below the limits to which the sun's rays penetrate. 
Fresh-water fishes may be permanent residents therein, as carps ; " anadromous," or merely 
visitants from the ocean for the purpose of depositing their spawn, and generally, but not 
invariably, leaving their young to be reared there, as the salmon : " catadromous," or such as 
reside in fresh waters, visiting the littoral zone or sea in order to breed, as eels, the young of 
which ascend into and are reared in our rivers. To meet the destructive agencies to 
which the eggs and young are subjected, fish are provided with a large amount of ova, 
which is mostly sufficient to counterbalance natural waste. Thus eleven millions of eggs 
have been taken from a 21-lb. codfish ; 550,000, from a mackerel ; 239,775, from a 4-lb. 
brill; while a salmon deposits about 800 for every pound's weight of the parent fish. 
Although most forms are polygamous, some are monogamous. The period of the year at 
which spawning occurs, the size of the eggs, the depth of water in which they are deposited, 
the time they take incubating, and the places selected for the ova are exceedingly varied. 
The eggs of cod float in the sea until the young^ emerge, those of the herring sink to the 
bottom, where by means of a glutinous substance they are attached to sea-weeds, rocks and 
other objects ; those of some species of flat fishes float so long as the water is agitated, subsiding 
when it is smooth. One form of sea-sucker (Lepidogaster) affixes its eggs to the inside of a 
dead shell as a butterfly does to a leaf. The gar fish (l?eZoe)has filaments springing from the 
outer covering of its ova, which enables them to adhere together in a mass or attach themselves 
t$ contiguous substances. Anadromous forms deposit their eggs in running waters, but in 

a 



98 Great Britain Natural History. 

different ways ; thus the smelt affixes its ova to planks, stones, &c., near high-water mark ; the 
salmon and trout cover theirs with gravel, while the grayling deposits it on the bed of the river. 
Perch and most carps attach their eggs to water-weeds, sticklebacks construct a nest, while in 
the tufted gilled fishes, represented by the pipe- and horse-fishes, the male undertakes the 
functions of a nurse, the eggs for this purpose, up to the period of the evolution of the young, 
being retained between the ventral fins, as in certain pipefishes (Solenostomus), in tail pouches 
as in horse-fishes (Hippocampus}, or in receptacles on tne breast or abdomen as in the pipe- 
fish (Daryrhamplius), or merely in two rows in the same position as in Nerophis. The males 
of some tropical sheat fishes or Siluroids also perform maternal duties by carrying the eggs 
about in their mouths until the young are hatched. In some forms, as lampreys, the expulsion 
of the roe is mechanically assisted by the two parents fixing their sucker-like mouths to a 
convenient rock and entwining themselves round one another. Also in carps, as in the 
common goldfish, the male has been observed to roll the female over and over at the bottom 
of an aquarium until her eggs have become expelled. Hybrid fishes are likewise deserving 
of great attention, as in fish culture crosses between the trout and the charr have proved 
most successful, while the stocking of fresh waters by artificial means, and latterly the sea. 
are among the most satisfactory accomplishments of modern fish culturists and naturalists. 
Young fishes for varying periods after birth are sustained by the nutriment contained 
in the yolk of the egg or dependent umbilical sac, and during this period they have numerous 
enemies watching to make them their prey. Unable to stem strong currents, they are 
generally to be found concealed near the sides of streams or ponds, or else under the shade 
of stones, leaves of water plants and grasses ; while the marine species are among the algae 
in the sea, or disporting themselves in the sunshine, and these places may be considered 
their nurseries, which should not only be left . undisturbed, but protected from predaceous 
foes. As the yolk sac becomes absorbed, the fry of fish have to seek for their food, whether of 
a minute vegetable or animal character, and it is then that the eggs and young of other lower 
classes of animals (the invertebrata) become invaluable for their subsistence. In some places 
around our coasts or in fresh or brackish waters are various kinds of sea- weeds or algas which in 
the sea decrease in abundance with increasing depth, or should they drift into deep water 
they fall to pieces, sink and form the basis of soft black mud in which many forms of inverte- 
brates find their food, while in their turn they afford sustenance for fishes. Besides sea- weeds 
being useful along our coasts as providing food for fishes, places for depositing their spawn, 
nurseries for sheltering and rearing the fry, there are likewise forms some of which are micro- 
scopic, floating in vast quantities over the surface of the deep sea, as the so-called Sargassum or 
gulf weed. Sponges, in both their fresh-water and marine kinds, and which equally belong to 
the group Protozoa, were long considered by some authors to be vegetable, by others to be 
animal organisms. The horny skeletons of some species are exceedingly useful for domestic 
purposes, while those of commerce are to a great extent brought from the Grecian Archipelago, 
the Bed Sea and the Bahamas, where they are obtained by divers. Many of the Ccelenterata, as 
the compound colonies of the fixed and plant like sea firs (Sertularidai) and their allies, are 
found in our seas, some in large quantities, and they are consumed by fish and other marine 
animals. There are also in this group the jelly-fishes, medusae, which during the summer and 
autumn months are found floating in the ocean around our coasts, and occasionally under their 
umbrella-like discs young fish have been observed to obtain refuge from the pursuit of their 
enemies. Corals among the Actinozoa in many ways hold a most important place, while their 
hard structures are exceedingly diversified and interesting. Commercial forms are principally 
obtained from the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, Persian and Arabian Gulfs, the Mauritius, the 
Islands of the Malay Archipelago, Japan, &c. ; while the reef-constructing species are distri- 
buted, and can only exist where the mean temperature of the sea is not below 66. The coral 
reefs are classed as forming Fringing reefs, Barrier reefs and Atolls. These reefs are largely 
frequented by fish, some of which possess most gorgeous colours, biit in many instances it 
has been obsef ved that the flesh of those obtained from such localities is frequently poisonous. 
Among the jointed Annuloida the term entozoa has been frequently used for the purpose 
of designating internal parasites. Epizoa on the other hand is the term employed for certain 
small Crustaceans which, in their adult stage are likewise parasitic upon the exterior of fish ; 
they possess; a suctorial mouth and limbs furnished with hooks, suckers or bristles. Mollusca, 



Great Britain Natural History. 99 

or soft-bodied animals, commonly known as shellfish, constitute a most important class in the 
economy of fisheries, not merely in their providing adult fish with food, but also as some of 
them breed at the same period of the year, their eggs and microscopic young are useful as 
aliment to the fish fry. Some forms are likewise more directly employed by man as food 
and bait, as oysters, mussels, cockles, and periwinkles. The consumer needs no reminder as 
to how scarce the first have become ; and along the east coast of Scotland mussels for use 
as bait are attaining famine prices, while the belief appears to be almost general that there 
mussel fisheries are retrograding. Many other forms of molluscs are much employed by line 
fishermen for bait, especially whelks, squids, cuttle-fishes, &c. Among the marine Echine- 
derms, viz. sea-urchins, star-fishes, and the sea-cucumbers, Holothuridse, all assist more or 
less in providing food for fish, while a species of the last is largely consumed as food in 
China, where it is looked upon as a luxury under the name of " trepang." The true worms 
or Annelides are indispensable to fisheries. They are divisible into the abranchiata, or gill-less 
forms, which contain earth-worms and leeches, and the branchiata, or gilled kinds, which 
include tube-worms and sand-worms, &c. The Annelids comprise many forms largely employed 
as food for fish, and some, as the lob-worm, are very useful for bait ; others, as leeches, are 
detrimental to fish. Insects have been said to be nature's most favoured creation, having 
combined in them all that is beautiful and graceful, interesting and alluring, or curious and 
singular in every other class of her (nature's) productions. They are placed by entomologists 
in three great divisions, in accordance with whether they pass through a metamorphosis or 
not, and if they do whether such is complete or incomplete. Many insects form food for 
fishes in some stage of their existence, while others are very destructive to fish eggs. Crus- 
tacea are most generally known as lobsters, crabs, shrimps, prawns, &c., and are variously 
divided by different zoologists. All Crustacea are water breathers ; some having eyes placed 
upon footstalks, while in others they are without stalks, being sessile or immovable. All 
undergo successive moultings or changes of shell, at which times lost parts become renewed. 
In the earlier stages of the lowei crustaceans, they emerge from the egg as a small body, having 
a central eye and two pairs of limbs (so-called Zoea stage), while as they gradually attain the 
adult stage new segments and new limbs appear. In their earlier stages Crustacea become 
a most important article of food for fishes, while their adult forms are likewise esteemed by 
the more predaceous kinds. The class of Amphibia comprises newts, frogs and toads, and in 
some localities frogs play a not unimportant part in fisheries, as they not only devour the ova 
but likewise the fry, while their own spawn in turn becomes food for fish, and a frog is highly 
esteemed by many fresh-water fishes. Keptiles (or Keptilia), including tortoises, turtles, terra- 
pins, snakes, lizards, crocodiles and alligators, are more destructive to fish than are the true 
amphibians. The Chelonians are usually divided into the swimming turtles, the mud turtles or 
soft tortoises, and the terrapins, and lastly tke land tortoises. Some of the snakes and serpent 
are frequently found in fresh water, where they are inimical to fish ; while in the seas of hot 
climates are the venomous water-snakes (Hydrophidae) ; these have a laterally flattened tail, 
lead an aquatic life, and live mostly on fish. Crocodiles and alligators abound in the fresh and 
brackish waters of hot countries and are large consumers of fish, but the form best adapted for 
this pursuit is perhaps the gavial of India, which often attains to twenty feet in length, and is 
a resident throughout the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Mahanuddi rivers. The gavial 
possess a'long and slender snout with a narrow mouth, they toss captured fish into the air, 
and as they descend catch them and swallow them head first. Among birds, as is well known, 
not only are the swimming ones, as the gannets, cormorants, gulls and terns of our coast 
largely destructive to sea fish, but the last two extend their range to inland waters, where, 
however, the dabchicks, coots, moorhens, herons, &c., assist in depopulating fisheries. Among 
mammals the whale and seal fisheries are of great importance commercially. The whales, 
dolphins, and porpoises or Cetacea themselves destroy immense quantities of fish. So also do 
the semi-aquatic or amphibious seals ; while the otter in fresh and brackish waters is a large 
fish consumer, although in the east it appears mostly to prefer frogs. 

FRANCIS DAY. 



H 2 



100 Great Britain Divisions XLL-XLIV. East and West Quadrants. 

DIVISION XLL [West Arcade.] See Plan, p. 92. 
Acclimatisation of fish. 

800. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS 

OF, Burghley House, Stamford. (W. T. Silk. Pisciculturist to the Marquis of Exeter). 
Illustrations of the acclimatization of Fish. 

DIVISION XLII. [East Quadrant.] See Plan, p. 102. 

[AQUARIA.] 

Specimens living (marine and fresh water), r fresh, stuffed or 
preserved, casts, drawings, and representations of 

(a) Algse to be arranged under genera and species with localities appended. 

803. SMONT, MRS. MARY, 8 Trinity Street, Hastings. Set of orna- 
ments made with sea-shells and weeds, for electric light or other ornamental purposes. 

804. BOLTON, THOMAS, 57 New Hall Street, Birmingham. Sea 
Weeds. Mounted by Miss E. H. Boning. 

805. BROTHERSTON, ANDREW, Shedden Park Road, Kelso, N.B. 
Collection of British Aquatic Plants (exclusive of Algse). 

806. COOK, JAMES, 3 Moss Street, Paisley, N.B. Collection of British 
Marine Algse. 

807. WHITSTABLE COMPANY OP FREE FISHERS AND 
DREDGERS, in the County of Kent, known as " Whitstable Oyster Company, 1 " Thomas 
O. Browning, Clerk, Whitstable. (1) Algae. (2) Sponges. (3) Zoophytes and Polyzoa. (4) 
Teredo Navalis. (3 and 4 lent by Sibert Saunders.) 

DIVISION XLIII. 
(&) Sponges, in their natural state. 

808. DRAKE, J., 37 Burghley Road, Highgate Eoad, N. Marine Vase. 
8o8. LEE, HENRY, Margate. Sponges, recent and fossil. 

809. RAPP, L. F., 4 Grove Place, West End, Hammersmith, London. 
Group of Venus's Flower Baskets Euplectellse speciossK) from the Philippine Islands. 

809. GARDNER, MISS (the collection of the late Mrs. Gardner), 
Hampstead, London. Sponges, &c., in their natural state. 

DIVISION XLIV. 
(c) Corals, in the natural state, polyps, jelly-fish, &c. 

810. BRASSEY, LADY, Normanhurst Court, Battle, Sussex. Large 
series of Corals, Sponges and Gorgoniae, from the Indian, Japanese, Fijian, and Australian 
Seas including the following species new to science: Distichopora Brasseyi, Distichopora 
Allnutti, Balanophyllia Kalakauai, and Brasseyia radians ; described in the'Ann. and Mag. 
Nat. Hist., vol. ix. No. 50, 1882, by Mr. Bryce Wright, F.Z S. Collected during the voyage of 
the " Sunbeam." 

811. BRAZENOR, CHARLES, 39 Lewes Eoad, Brighton. Model of 
Octopus, taken from specimen lately in the Brighton Aquarium. 

Slla. MASTERS, ALBERT, 30 Golden Square, W. Large specimen of 
Octopus preserved in spirit. 

812. BURROUGHS, Lieut.-Gen. F. W. TRAILL, C.B., Kousay, 

Orkney, N.B. (1) Specimens of White Coral found on the shores of Kousay, Orkney, N.B. 
(2) Specimens of Shell Sand found on the shores of Kousay, Orkney, N.B. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

Makers of the Waterproof 

NAVY REGULATION COAT AND CAPE. 

87 QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.C. WORKS-LIMEHOUSE, E. 



Great Britain Divisions XLV., XLVI.East and West Quadrants. 101 

DIVISION XLV. 
(d) Entozoa and Epizoa. 

8136. WRIGHT, BRYCE, F.R.G.S., F.Z.S., &c., 204 Regent Street, 
London, W. (1) Series of Corals and Sponges. (2) Collection of Marine and Terrestrial 
Shells, amongst which is the type specimen of Spondylus Wrightianus, Crosse. (3) Fossils, 
Teleosaurus Bollensis from the Lias of Boll, Wurtemberg ; Ichthyosaurus, from the Lias of 
Lyme Eegis, Dorset. 

814. CLARK, JOHN, 17 Royal Exchange Square, Glasgow. Small case. 
Fish-eating Bug (Belastoma Grandis) and small Trout. 

814^. TUDOR, JOHN R., St. Leonards-on-Sea. Mg& tridens, called by 
the Northmaven (Shetland) fishermen a bee. 

This small sessile-eyed crustacean, first noticed by Leach, resembles in outward appearance a gigantic wood- 
louse, is about an inch and a half in length, of a light crab-like colour, and with a hard crustaceous covering. It 
abounds on certain long lanes or channels with a sandy bottom, on which the fishermen never shoot their lines 
unless in foggy weather when unable to get their bearings. Should they do so all the ling, tusk or cod they may 
catch are rendered useless by the bees, which, when a fish is hooked, "get on to it in myriads, enter in at the gills 
(as they evidently cannot pierce the skin) and detour all but skin and bone, so that when the fish is hauled up it 
looks as plump and round as a live fish, only when they come to open it, it is found to be quite full of bees and 
nothing else." Skate and halibut they do not seem to attack, probably because these fish keep their gill covers 
closed when hooked. -'The fishermen have sometimes taken a few of these live bees, put them into a vessel, with 
salt water, dropped a piece of fish in, and immediately all rushed to it, and clung fast until it was devoured." 

815. YOUNG, ARCHIBALD, Advocate, Inspector of the Salmon 
Fisheries of Scotland, 22 Koyal Circus, Edinburgh. Photograph of ' Belastoma Grandis," 
or Fish-eating Bug of the State of New York, in the act of killing a Trout. 

8l5. DOHRN, DR., Naples. Entozoa and Epizoa. 
8I5&. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. Bucephalus 
Haimeanus from Cockles. Cyamus, &c. 

DIVISION XL VI. 

(e) Mollusca of all kinds and shells not included in Class III. 

816. BAYLIS, WM. H., 35 Maiden Lane, Covent Garden, W.C. (1) Pair 
of Shells, in Case. (2) The Great Oyster from Singapore, " Tridacne Gigantea," measuring 
3 ft. 4 in. by 2 ft. 2 in., and weighing 3 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 Ibs. This is believed to be the finest 
known specimen, and has been in Kule's Oyster Warehouse upwards of forty years. 

8l6a. EDINBURGH, H.R.H. THE DUKE OF, K.G., Clarence 
House, St. James's, London, S.W. Collection of Mollusca. 

817. BRAZIER, ALBERT, Southwick, Brighton, Sussex. (1) Collection 
of Escallops and species. (2) Collection of Oyster Shells. 

818. FINDLAY, GEORGE, Whitehills, Banff. Collection of Sea Shells 
and Shell Fish. 

819. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro, Cornwall. (1) Barnacles in 
Spirits. (2) Lepas Fascicularis. (3) Lepas Anatifera. (4) Teredo Worm. The wood 
bored by the Teredo or Ships' Worm. (5) Wood Piddock (Hylophaga Dorsalis). 

820. LOVELL, MATILDA SOPHIE, Calke Abbey, Derby. Specimens 
of the edible Molluscs of the British Isles, with some of the continental marine, land, and 
freshwater edible species, including the Cephalopodse and Echinodermatse. 

821. McLACHLAN, W. B., 21 McDowell Street, Edinburgh. (1) One 
Case Shells. (2) Curious old bottle with oyster shells, &c., attached, as it was brought up 
from Prestonpans Oyster Beds. 

S2ia. SMITH, W. ANDERSON, Benderloch, N.B. Collection of 
Mollusca. 

823. FRANCK, S. M., 85 St. Mary Axe, London, E.G. Monster 
Japanese Crab, Appliques of Mother of Pearl Japanese Shells, Piscatorial Emblems in Metal, 
Ivory Lacquer, &c., &c. 

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Lozenges 2s. 6d. and 4s.' 6d. Globules 1 N E H R K S - 
2s., 3s. 6d., and 6s. 6d.; and Powder, in I II U I U b U I lU 

1 o*. Bottles, at 4s. each. SOLD BY ALL CHEMISTS. 

MORSON & SON. SOUTHAMPTON ROW RUSSELL SQUARE, LONDOP 



102 Great Britain Divisions XLVIL, XLVIIl.East and West Quadrants. 



WEST & EAST QUADRANTS 




DIV.5I 



NATURAL HISTORY 



r 







j STATE BARGE 


1 




CONSERVATORY 


r^i 


1=1 1= 


:=n= 



%7 

G A 


R D E N S 




n 



r 



8230. LEE, HENRY, Margate. (1) Oyster Spat attached to various 
substances. (2) Growth and Structure of the Oyster's Shell. (3) Fossil Oysters and 
Mussels. (4) Nautili, recent and fossil. (5) Sections of Shells. 

DIVISION XL VII. 
(/) Starfishes, sea urchins, holothurioe. 

8236. LEE, HENRY, Margate. Starfishes and Sea Urchins, recent and 
ossil. 

DIVISION XL VIII. 

(#) Worms used for bait, or noxious ; leeches, etc. 
824. McINTOSH, PROFESSOR, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., University St. 

Andrews, and Murthly, N.B. (1) Series of Original Coloured Drawings of Annelids, by the 
late Miss Roberta Mclntosh (Mrs. Albert C. L. Gunther). Prepared for the illustration of 
the " British Annelids," in course of publication by the Ray Society. (2) Series of Original 
Coloured Drawings and Oil Painting, by the same lady, illustrative of the rarer Marine 

8. & H. HARRIS'S 

WATERPROOF DUBBING 



FOR SOFTENING AND 



WATERPROOF, 



Sold by all Dealers throughout the World. 



Great Britain Divisions XL1X., L. East and West Quadrants. 103 



& CONSERVATORY 



CARD N S 




WILSON 3ENNISON. SURVEYOR TO EXECUTIVE COMMITTE 



Animals of St. Andrews. (3) Series of Spirit preparations illustrating the development, 
parasites and food of the Salmon of the Tay. 

DIVISION XLIX. 
(7t) Perfect insects and larvae of insects, which are destroyers of spawn or serve as food for fish. 

825. EEDLE, J., 40 Goldsmith Eow, Hackney Road, London. (1) 
Insects injurious to Fish. (2) Insects food of fish. 

826. THOMSON, JOHN, 1 Main Street, Inverallochy, Fraserburgh, 
Aberdeenshire. Specimen of Food of Fishes preserved in bottles. 

DIVISION L. 
(0 Crustacea of all kinds. 
8260. LEE, HENRY, Margate. Crustacea, recent and fossil. 

827. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro, Cornwall. (1) Two Cases of 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S. 

ALL INDIA-RUBBER 



S. 



ftl 




LIGHT, STRONG, 
AND DURABLE, 

87, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, E.G. 



104 Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 

Crustacea. (2) Collection of about 100 kinds, all English, found on coast of Cornwall. 
(3) Crabs, 12 Ibs. and 13 Ibs. weight when living. 

828. LOVETT, EDWARD, 55 George Street, Croydon. Microscopic 
Preparations by a new and approved method, by which the living appearance of the specimen 
is preserved ; illustrating the embryology and anatomy of the Crustacea and other branches of 
Marine Fauna of the British Islands. 

829. POLAND BROTHERS, Billingsgate. (1) One Case (Glass) con- 
taining a very large male Lobster caught off St. Ives, Cornwall. (2) One Case (Glass) 
containing a very large male Craw-fish caught off St. Ives, Cornwall. Also, in same case, a 
male Crab, caught off Start Point, Devon, and a peculiar pale-blue Lobster from Norway. 

829*1. PRANK, S. M., 55 St. Mary Axe, E.G. Monster Japanese Crab, 
caught in the Bay of Yokohama, Japan. 

830. SAYER & Cp., 100 Lower Thames Street and Billingsgate, London. 
(1) One Lobster, 12 Ibs. weight. (2) Case containing Craw Fish, Lobster and Crab, 

831. CARRINGTON, J. T., F.L.S., Royal Aquarium, Westminster. 
Collection of Preserved Specimens of British Stalk-eyed Crustacea of the three divisions 
Macrura, Anoumara, and Brachyrura, and including all the species used as articles of food, 
collected and prepared under the direction of Mr. Carrington. 

8310. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. Artemia 
Salina, 2 stages, Cyamus, &c. 

8316. ADLINGTON, W. B. Registered Live Bait Tank and Fish 
Carrier. The two holes at the side are for ventilation and prevention of overflow, and are of 
the greatest importance. Four dozen dace have been kept in this tank for five months without 
the death of a single fish. The water from the cistern must be allowed to flow over the per- 
forated part for half an hour each day. 

DIVISION LI. 

(fc) Fish of all kinds. 
83Ic. ARKWRIGHT, R., 8 Cadogan Place, S.W. Cast of a Salmon. 

832. ARNOLD, EDWARD, Campbell Yard, High Street, Huntingdon. 

Glazed Case containing Stuffed Specimen of a Rudd. Weight, 2f Ibs. 

834. ASHMEAD, G. B., & CO., Naturalists, 35 Bishopsgate Street, 
London, B.C. (1) Trophy of Freshwater Fish entitled " The Rod." (2) Freshwater Fish- 
Barbel, Trout, &c. (3) Companion Fish Carp, Bream, &c. (4) Jack. (5) Salmon. (6) 
Piscatorial Screen. (7) Piscatorial Marine. (8) Piscatorial Table and Lamp. (9) Small 
Groups illustrative of vicissitudes of Fish and Bird Life. 

835. BARBER, W., Naturalist, 19 Sincil Street, Lincoln. Stuffed Pike, 
weight, 8 Ibs., and group of Perch and Roach in case. This is a new and improved process for 
preserving as much of the natural colours as possible without the addition of paint or any 
other material whatsoever. 

836. BARTLETT, A. D. & SON, Zoological Gardens, Regent's Park, 
N.W. (1) Glass Case containing Teeth and Jaws of Great Blue Shark, Arctic Shark, Tiger 
Shark, Crab-eating Skate, Rhina Skate, Common Skate. (2) Skull and Teeth of Elephant 
Seal or Sea Elephant, Sea Lion, Greenland Seal, Common Seal. (3) Manatee. (4) Dugong. 
(5) Walrus. (6) Crocodile. (7) Spiny Skate Skin. (8) Squaco Heron. (9) Buff-backed 
Heron. (10) Penguin. (11) Kingfishers. 

837. BEASLEY, A. W., 14 Greville Place, Maida Vale, N.W. Stuffed 
Specimen of a " Pike-Perch " (Lucioperca sandra) from the Danube, weight 12 Ibs. in Glazed Case. 

837. BENJAMIN, JOSEPH, 67, Cambridge Koad, Mile End. Stuffed 

838. BERMONDSEY BROTHERS ANGLING CLUB, Alscot 
Arms, Alscot Road, Bermondsey. (1) Perch in Case. (2) Roach in Case. (3) Two Roach 
n Case. (4) Rudd in Case. (5) Carp in Case. (6) Jack. 

839. BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLAND PISCATORIAL ASSO- 
CIATION, James Gregory, Hon. Sec., 39 Vyse Street, Birmingham. (1) Pike 27 Ibs. (2) 

WATERPROOFS FOR BOYS, 

In Tweed, Paramatta, and other Materials. 
WATERPROOF LEGGINGS & SCHOOL SATCHELS. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

37, Queen Victoria St., London, E.G. 



Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 105 

Pike 28 Ibs. (3) Pike 20 Ibs. (4) Pike 20 Ibs. (5) Pike 18 Ibs. (6) Pike 18 Ibs. (7) 
Barbel 13 Ibs. (8) Barbel 8 Ibs. (9) Barbel 6 Ibs. (10) Bream 5 Ibs. (11) Bream 
4 Ibs. (12) Perch 2 Ibs. 2 oz. (13) Salmon 18 Ibs., killed by a larger fish in the River 
Trent, presented to the Association by Alan Bagot, Esq., Trent Conservator. (14) Perch 
10J Ibs., taken on one of the Norfolk Broads. (15) Koach 1| Ibs. (16) Roach 2 Ibs. (17) 
Four Chub 16 Ibs. (18) Char. (19) Perch If Ibs. 

8390. BRIGHTON AQUARIUM COMPANY. Skeletons of Dolphin 
and Grampus. 

840. BROOKWELL, H. G., 15 Belmont Villas, Leyton Road, Leyton. 
Twenty-five Cases Stuffed Fish. 

841. BROTHERSTON, ANDREW, Shedden Park Road, Kelso, N.B. 
Cases of Stuffed Salmondiae from the Tweed, in various stages and conditions. Old Red 
Kipper (male) Salmon, 44 Ibs., length 50 inches (Kelso Museum) ; Kipper, 30 Ibs. ; ditto, 
20 Ibs. ; Red ditto, " Gray School," 20 Ibs. ; Black ditto, 17 Ibs. ; Baggit Salmon (unspawned 
female), 21 Ibs. ; ditto, affected with Saprolegnia ferax, 17 Ibs. ; kelt (spawned female), ditto 
13 Ibs. ; Clean Salmon, slightly diseased on nose, 10 Ibs. ; kipper grilse, 8| Ibs., &c., preserved 
and exhibited by A. Brotherston. 

842. BRUNTON, JOHN, M.A., M.D., 21 Euston Koad, London, N.W. 
(1) Case of Lea Trout, Stuffed Jack, Grayling. (2) Case of Lea Trout, taken by artificial 
fly on fine gut and landed without net, gaff, or assistance, 5 Ibs., 4J Ibs., 3| Ibs. (3) Jack, 
4J Ibs., taken when fly fishing on single hair, and landed without net, gaff, or assistance. (4) 
Case of seven Grayling, caught with artificial fly on fine drawn gut, 3 Ibs. to 1 Ibs. each. 

842*1. BUDGE, W. H., 1 Queen's Gate Place Mews, South Kensington. 
Case of Sea Wolves Stuffed. 

843. BUNN, HENRY HOWARD, Palmerston House, Yentnor, Isle of 
Wight. A Lump Sucker, caught at S. Leonards, January 8th, 1883. Length 22 in., depth 
13 in., weight 16 Ibs. Stuffed and set up by Exhibitor. 

844. BUTLER, JOSEPH, " True Waltonian Society," " White Horse," 
80 Liverpool Road, E. One Chub. (Cast.) 

845. CALLAGHAN, JAMES, 36 St. Mary at Hill, Eastcheap, London. 
A Thames Chub, taken by the Exhibitor with rod and line, weight 5 Ibs. 12 oz. 

845. CALLENDER BITUMEN TELEGRAPH & WATERPROOF 
CO., LIMITED. Royal Sturgeon, caught in the Thames off Erith Marshes. Belvedere, 
fourteen miles from London Bridge, on June 6th, 1883, by A. Prescott, H. Savary, and 
B. Gordon, men employed in the works. 

846. CAMPBELL, LORD COLIN, 79 Cadogan Place, W. Studies of 
Mediterranean fish in Water Colours. 

846^. CAMPION, ROBERT, 3 Comber's Terrace, Brixhara, Devon. 
Large Stuffed Lobster. 

847. CARR, MRS. WALTER PATERSON, High Street, Berwick- 
on-Tweed. (1) A Sea Wolf, caught in Berwick Bay. Weight, 33 Ibs. (2) Sea Parrot. (3) 
Porpoise. (4) A Collection of deep-sea fish. (5) Sturgeon. (6) Sea Sow. (7) Cock Peddle. 
(8) Cod. (9) Codling. (10) Haddock, a Coal Fish. (11) Whiting. (12) Ling, Turbot. 
(13) Sea Mouse, &c. All stuffed. 

8470. CARTWRIGHT, W. C., 27 St. Mary Axe. 1 Case of 2 Perch. 
8476. CHAMBERS, GEORGE, 37 Fenchurch Street. Case of stuffed 
Bream. 

848. CLIFFORD, J. W., Three Colts, Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green 
Preserved Barbel in Case, 12 Ibs. (freshwater specimen). 

848^. COBBOLD, DR. SPENCER T., 74 Portsdown Road. Maida 
Hill, N.W. Parasites of Fishes and other aquatic animals. 

849. COBURN, FREDERICK, 7 Holloway Head, Birmingham. (1) Col- 
lection of Stuffed Freshwater and Sea Fish, exhibited without special regard to weight of fish, 
but to show correctness of outline, skill in the manipulation of fins, reproduction of natural 
colours, and improvement in fitting up cases. (2) Sword Fish. 



p THE ONLY ESTABLISHMENT presided over by 

CftUllOIl Messrs ' B BENJAMIN & SONS known 
1 as " ULSTER HOUSE," and is situated 

Between Nos. 37 & 38, CONDUIT STREET, W., 

the entrance being between the statues of the Dogs, so well known as Messrs. 
B*NJ AHIN'S Trade Mark and a feature of Conduit Street. 



106 Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 

849^. COKER, JABEZ, Paragon Railway Station, Hull. Two Cases of 
Stuffed Perch. 

850. CONVIVIAL ANGLING SOCIETY, "Bull and Bell," Rope- 
maker Street, Finsbury. Cases of (1) Specimen Carp ; (2) Three Specimen Bream ; (3) Six 
Specimen Koach. 

851. CRESSWELL, HENRY, "True Waltonian Society," "White 
Horse," Liverpool Koad, Islington, N. Case, one Chubb, 6 Ibs. 2 oz., valued at 5. 

851^. CRITCHFIELD, A. C., 1 Pownall Road, Queen's Road, Dalston. 
London, E., per Alfred G. Jardiue. Cases of (1) Three Tench, weight 9 Ibs. ; (2) One Tench, 
weight 4 Ibs. ; (3) One Barbel, weight 8 Ibs. : (4) One Kudd, weight 1J Ibs. ; (5) One Eel, 
weight 5| Ibs. ; (6) One Pike, weight 14 Ibs. ; (7) One Dace, weight 1 Ib. ; (8) One Koach, 
weight 1 Ib. 11 oz. ; (9) One Perch, weight 3lbs.; (10) One Perch, weight 2J Ibs. 

8516. CULLUM, H. J., 10 Harley Street, Battersea, (1) Skull of 
Dolphin. (2) Flying Fish preserved in bottle. 

852. CURTIS, E v JUN., Mortimer Lodge, Upton, Essex. Case contain- 
ng Head of Jew Fish, caught by Messrs. Curtis and Senior, ledgering, Brisbane River, 

Queensland, Australia. While playing same, a Shark took half the fish below the dorsal fin. 
What we gaffed weighed 28 Ibs. Prawn bait. 

853. DAY, DR. FRANCIS, Kenilworth House, Cheltenham. Complete 
series of British Sea and Inland Fish. 

854. DA COSTA, HYMAN, 18 Peter Street, Tyssen Street, Bethnal Green. 
(1) Two Jack. (2) One Barbel. (3) Two Chub. (4) Two Carp. (5) Two Perch. (6) Two Tench. 

855. DAVIE, JOHN HUNTER, of the " West London Angling Club," 
49, Shaftesbury Koad, Hammersmith, London. One Stuffed Koach in case, 2 Ibs., caught at 
West Drayton. 

856. EASTWOOD, G. J., Cheshunt, Herts. Bream, weight 7j Ibs., taken 
by Mr. G. J. Eastwood, in his private fishery, King's Weir, Cheshunt, Herts. 

857. EDWARDS, HENRY, 100 High Street, Kingsland, London, E. 
Beautiful specimen of small Pike stuffed, weight 4 Ibs., caught at Little Waltham, Essex, 
12th August, 1880. Dead Bait. Roach. 

858. EEDLE, THOMAS, 40 Goldsmith Eow, Hackney Eoad, London. 
Preserved Fish, Pike, Perch and Tench. 

859. EILOART, E. G., 33 George Street, Hanover Square, W. Six Cases 
Stuffed Fish, preserved and cased by an amateur. Rudd 2 Ibs. 10 oz. ; Head of Pike, 16 J Ibs. ; 
Trout, 2 \ Ibs. ; Bleak (on wood) specimens for size only. 

860. ELLIS, JOHN, Pritchard's Arms, Hackney Eoad. Preserved Carp. 

861. ERNE FISHERIES, Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland. 
Case of stuffed specimens of products of Lake and River Erne. 

86ia. MOORE, ROBERT L., D.L., Moluman, Londonderry. (1) One 
Cock Spait Salmon. (2) One Lake Trout. (3) Five varieties White Trout. (4) Two 
varieties Brook Trout. (5) One Pike. (6) One Silver Eel. (7) Two Bream. (8) One 
Large Pike. (9) Two Char, L. Melvin. (10) Two Pollen. (11) One Otter. (12) One 
Case of Sea Birds. RiyER gH ANNQ ^ ^ Clare 

86l&. REEVES, ROBERT W. C. Angel Shark, taken near Kilrush 
in Shannon. 

862. FOOT, W., 21 Waterside North, Lincoln. (1) One. Eoach Stuffed, 
weight 2 Ibs. 4* oz., in case natural, and caught by Exhibitor at Bardney near Lincoln. 
(2) Barbott (or Eeelpout) 4 Ibs., in case, caught by Exhibitor at Bardney near Lincoln. 

863. FOSTER, MAJOR ROBERT, 10 Upper Fitzwilliam Street, 
Dublin. Head of Pike, weighing, when caught, 351b., taken in Lough Corrib, County 
Galway, Ireland, between Friars Cut and Menlo Castle, with Ogden's Brass Minnow. 

864. FRIENDLY ANGLERS' SOCIETY, The Albion, Albion Street, 
Hyde Park, London, W. Eighty Cases Stuffed Fish. Trout, 10 Ibs. 13 oz. ; Jack, 35 Ibs; 

if A 4% tf% / A STRING Stray, or Twig lightly covered with this preparation 
Mil M ' (non-poisonous), and suspended from the ceiling, will keep any 



FLY 
GUM 



room free from flies, wasps, gnats, tc., &c. 

" It is most efficacious and catches even wasps." A. Ainslie. " The 
most perfect Fly Catcher he has ever used." Admiral Saumares. 
"Really invaluable." C*pt. Sarsfield. "The first tin caught over 
600 flies In half-an-hour." T. C. Taylor. Jfrt. Walton's servants are 
delighted with it. 

Of all Chemists In Is. tint, or by post for 1. 2d. of the 
WHOLESALE PROPRIETORS: 

THOS, CHRISTY & Co.. 155. Fenclmrch St.. London. 



Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 107 

Perch, 3 Ibs. 2 oz..; Koach, 2 Ibs. 5 oz. ; Dace, 14| oz. ; Bream, 6 Ibs. 8 ozs. ; Carp, 8 Ibs. ; 
Chub, 5 Ibs. 12 oz. ; Barbie, 9 Ibs. 3 oz. ; Tench, 8 Ibs. 8 oz. ; Eudd, 2 Ibs. 3 oz. ; Grayling, 2 Ibs, 

865. GATHERCOLE, GEORGE, 112 Akerman Road, Brixton. A 
small case containing a preserved and mounted Grayling. Weight 2 Ibs. 6 oz. 

866. GEORGE, ALFRED, 2 Dempsey Street, Commercial Road, 
London, E, Case of 1 stuffed Chub, 5 Ibs. weight. 

867. GEDNEY, C. W., Bromley, Kent. Thames Trout in case, 10 Ibs. 
weight, taken with spinning bait. 

868. GILL, ALEXANDER, Selwyn Road, High Cross Lane, Tottenham. 
One case preserved Fish, 15 X 12 inches. 

869. GILLETT, JOHN, 40 Fetter Lane, Holborn. Stuffed Perch, 
weighing 5 Ibs. 

870. GOOD INTENT ANGLING SOCIETY, THE, Richard Murphy, 
Secretary, The Crown Inn, Church Street, Shoreditch. 40 Cases of Stuffed Fish, consisting of 
Koach, Dace, Pike, Trout, Perch, Tench, Bream, Kudd, Carp, &c. 

870^. GORDON, LORD GRANVILLE, 1 Queen Anne Street, London, 
W. Cast of a Salmon (painted by Kolfe) weighing 29 Ibs., taken on the Dee, at Abayne, 
Aberdeenshire with fly, in the month of September. 

871. GOUNDREY, JOHN, 109 High Street, Oxford. Gar Pike, 2J Ibs. 

872. GRAY, HENRY, 55 Charlotte Street, Portland Place. A Case con- 
taining two Trout caught with fly, weight 41bs. 4 oz. and 4 Ibs. 5 oz. 

873. GREAT NORTHERN BROTHERS ANGLING SOCIETY, 
67 Southampton Street, Pentonville, N. (1) Twenty Cases Preserved Fish. (2) Case con- 
taining two Bream, taken by Mr. W. Theobald from the Kiver Wey at Woking, 17th October, 
1880. Weights, 6 Ibs. 9 oz. and 4 Ibs. oz. All fish are taken from the bank. 

874. GRESHAM ANGLING SOCIETY, Mason's Hall Tavern, 
Mason's Avenue, Basinghall Street, E.G. (1) 1 Case of 3 Pike, united weight, 59 Ibs. ; (2) 
3 Cases of Perch. 1 in case alone, weighing 4 Ibs. ; 3 in case, weighing 8 Ibs. 4 oz., largest 
3 Ib. 7 oz. ; 2 in case, weight 5 Ibs. 2 oz., largest 3 Ibs. (3) 1 Case of Barbel' caught with 
extremely light rod, shown in case. (4) 7 Grayling in one case ; largest 2 J Ibs. Specimens 
from a take of 25 brace. 

875. GUNN, E. W., JUN., 47 Upper St. Giles Street, Norwich. Six 
Cases of Stuffed Perch, Koach, Dace, Eudd, Bream, &c., caught near Norwich. 

876. GUNN, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich. Collection of Stuffed 
British Sea and Fresh Water Fish, comprising about 63 species, and about 250 specimens, 
including brace of Perch, Weighing 8J Ibs., Monster Sea Perch of 17 Ibs., several Pike, one of 
30 Ibs., Sticklebacks, four species of Bream, and notably the largest individual in England, 
weighing Hi Ibs., Mackerel, Wrasses, Carp, Crucian Carp; Gold Carp, 16 oz. ; Barbel 11 Ibs. 
Golden and Common Tench ; Azurine or Blue Koach ; Chub, 5i Ibs. ; Minnow, 4 inches in 
length; Herring, Grayling, Smelt, Whiting Pout, 3 bearded Rockling, Broad-nosed Eel, 7 Ibs. 
large Lump Suckers, Sharks, and others, nearly all caught in the county of Norfolk. They 
are mounted in groups, some representing remarkable incidents, illustrating life below the 
surface. 

876^. HAMILTON, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS 
OF. Sturgeon caught in the River Mourne, Ireland, June, 1883. Weight 140 Ibs. 

877. HARDING, CHARLES W v Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., King's Lynn, 
Norfolk. Specimens of Smelts and other Fish in spirit. 

878. HAYWARD, THOMAS, 275 Kennington Road, S.E. Case of four 
Perch. Weights, 3 Ibs., 2| Ibs., 2 Ibs. and 2J Ibs. Total lOf Ibs. Taken by Exhibitor, 
March llth, 1811, in an afternoon in private water at Staines. The largest fish was hooked a 
fortnight previous to time of capture, and when landed contained a portion of ray line and hook 
in its gullet. 

879. HODGES, W. J., Aucuba Villa, Lavender Hill, S.W. Throat Teeth 
of Barbel, Chub, Carp, Tench, Bream, Roach, Rudd, &c. 

WATERPROOF DRIVING 
APRONS AND KNEE RUGS. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

India Rubber Manufacturers, 
37. QUEEN VICTORIA STREET. LONDON. E.G. 



108 Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants, 

880. HOLT, EARDLEY CHAUNCY, The Cottage, East Sheen, 
Mortlake, Surrey. (1) A Pike's Head. The Pike weighed 38 Ibs.; has a large Perch in its 
mouth. (2) A Pike's Head. The Champion Pike's Head of England. The fish was caught 
in Turner's Pond, near St. Leonard's Forest, Sussex, fifty years ago, and till within the last 
ten years was in the possession of the late Mr. Borrer, of Henfield, Sussex. The fish when 
caught weighed 48 Ibs. 

881. HORSLEY, CHARLES W., Fakenham, Norfolk. (1) Case Stuffed 
Trout, weight 9 Ibs. 11 oz. (2) Case Stuffed Trout, weight 9 Ibs. 13 oz. Taken by Exhibitor 
in the River \Vensum with Phantom Minnow. Landed after about twenty minutes' play. 

882. HOWLETT, W v High Street, Newmarket. (1) Thirty-Six Cases of 
Fish, Roach, &c., beside the'special fish. (2) Monk Fish or Angel Shark, caught at Lynn, 
Norfolk. (3) One Freshwater Eel, taken in Suffolk, weight 30f Ibs. (4) One Burbot, or Eel 
Pout, taken in Cambridgeshire, weight 4J Ibs. (5) One Dace, taken in Suffolk, weight 1 Ib. 
1 oz. (6) One Carp, taken in Cambridgeshire, weight 9 Ibs. River fish. (7) One Chub, 

6 Ibs. (8) Two Roach, 4 Ibs. 2 oz. (9) One Pike, 27 Ibs. (10) 2 Perch, 8 Ibs. the two. 
All taken from the Rivers Ouse and Lark. 

883. HOXTON BROTHERS ANGLING SOCIETY, " Cherry 
Tree," Kingsland Road, N. Preserved Stuffed Freshwater Fish in cases. (1) Two 
Pike, R. Ghurney. (2) Three Perch, A. Brockett. (3) One Pike, J. Romer. (4) One Bream, 
J. Morgan. (5) One Perch, G. H. Wood. (6) One Roach, J. Amos. (7) Two Tench, 
Jackson. (8) One Chub, H. Steadman. (9) One Roach, A. Pollard. (10) One Roach. 
(11) One Tench, J. Haggett. (12) Two Roach, J. Moore. (13) One Roach, J. Cocks. (14) 
Two Gold Carp, J. Benjamin. (15) One Tench, E. Brockett. (16) One Chub, Stigwood. 
(17) One Roach, Jenkins. (18) One Tench, R. Ghurney. (19) One Dace, B. Barr. (20) 
One Roach, A. Hattemore. (21) One Trout, J. Mann. (22) One Perch, J. Mann. (23) One 
Perch, J. Mann. (24) One Perch, J. Mann. (25) Two Chub, Tricker. (26) One Bream, 
J. Aldrige. 

883. HUGHES, H. P. Stuffed Pike, caught at Eastwell Park. 

884. HUGHES, T. S., Foxley Eoad, North Brixton. (1) Eleven cases 
Pike. (2) Six cases Roach. (3) Three cases Trout (4) Three cases Grayling. (5) One 
case Barbel. (6) Two cases Perch. (7) Barbel, 12 Ibs. (8) Bull Trout, 16 Ibs. (9) 
One Pike, 26 Ibs. (10) One Trout, 6J Ibs. (11) One Perch, 3 Ibs. (12) One Roach, 2 Iba. 

7 oz. (13) One Grayling, 1 Ib. 9 oz. 

885. IZAAK WALTON ANGLING SOCIETY (THE), The "Old 
King John's Head," Mansfield Street, Kingsland Road. (1) Six Cases of Pike. (2) Seven 
Cases of Bream. (3) Three Cases of Roach. (4) Three Cases of Tench. (5) Two Cases of 
Carp. (6) Two Cases of Chub. (7) Two Cases of Perch. (8) One Case of Barbel. 

885. JACOBS, E., Stuffed Charr. 

886. JARDINE, ALFRED GEORGE, 38 Old Change, E.G. (1) Two 
Cases containing Pike weighing respectively 36 Ibs. and 37 Ibs. (2) Pike, 2, 18 Ibs. and 22 Ibs., 
gross weight 40 Ibs. (3) Pike, 1, weight 30J Ibs. (4) Pike, 1, weight 23 Ibs. (5) Pike, 2, 18 Ibs. 
and 22 Ibs., gross weight 40 Ibs. (6) Pike, 1, weight 20 Ibs. (7) Pike, 2, 14 Ibs. and 17$ Ibs., 
gross weight 32 Ibs. 1(8) Trout, 1, weight 26 Ibs. (9) Trout, 1, weight 19 Ibs. (10) Trout, 
7, gross weight 22 Ibs. (11) Trout, 1, weight 8 Ibs. (12) Bass, 1, weight ISJlbs. (13) 
Perch, 7, gross weight 18 Ibs. (14) Roach, 2, gross weight 3f Ibs. (15) Casts in Baskets, Pik e, 
weight 36 Ibs. (16) Pike, weight 30| Ibs. (17) Pike, weight 26 Ibs. (18) 5-in. cabinet, 
Perch, gross weight 12 J Iba. (19) Cast of Lump Sucker, " Cyclopterus Lumpus," gross weight 
27 Ibs. 

SS6a. JARDINE, FREDERIC, JUN., 38 Old Change, E.G. (1) Cast 
Perch on Plate. (2) Carp (7 Ibs.) in basket. 

886&. BENINGPIELD, T., Broxbourne, per Alfred G. Jardine. (1) 
Cases of Three Bream, 21 Ibs. gross weight. (2) One Carp, 14f Ibs. (3) One Bream, 8 Ibs. 
(4) One Trout, llf Ibs. (5) One Trout, 11 Ibs. (6) One Pike, 22f Ibs. (7) Three Tench, 
9 Ibs. All these specimens were caught in the River Lea. 

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Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 109 

SS6c. FEATHERSTONE, R., Aldershot, per Alfred G. Jardine. (1) 

One Case Large Pike. (2) One Case Large Pike. (3) One Case Large Pike. (4) One Case 
Two Chub. 
SS6d. KING, ROBERT, Teddington, per Alfred G. Jardine. (1) One 

Case Trout, Thames, 12 Ibs. 
886e. JACKSON, R., Little Marlow, per Alfred G. Jardine. (1) One 

Case Thames Trout, 10 Ibs. 9 oz. 

886/. CROWLEY, J. WILLIAM, 20 Cloudesley Square, per Alfred G. 

Jardine. One Case of Four Barbel, 27 Ibs. gross weight. 

886?. GANT, J. W., per Alfred G. Jardine. (1) One Case Barbel, 10 Ibs. 
11 oz. (2) One Case Chub, 5 Ibs. 4 oz. 

886ft. SANDERS, S., per Alfred G. Jardine. One Case Three Gold Carp. 

886/. BENINGFIELD, ARTHUR, per Alfred G. Jardine, 2 Cases of 
Stuffed Fish. 

886&. KING, G. H., 165 Great Portland Street. Siluris Glanis, 6 ft. 
long, 52 Ibs. weight, brought by Exhibitor from Prussia. (2) Gilleroo Trout, j6 Ibs. 14 oz,, 
from Lord O'Neal's Lake, Neigh, Antrim. (3) Trout from the Wandle, 1 Ib. weight. (4) 
Pair of Golden Tench, exhibited alive at Society of Arts in 1864. (5) Two small Jack, taken 
by Exhibitor, February 28, 1883, at Mr. Albermale Gator's estate, Woodbastwick Hall, Norfolk ; 
found dead, the smaller of 9 in. attempting to swallow one of 20 in. (6) Carp with a deformed 
mouth, taken from the Speaker's Pond, the Oddins, Horstead Keynes, Sussex. 

887. KNECHTLI, JOHN, 6 Carey Lane, London, E.G. One Case of 
Stuffed Fish (three Pike). 

888. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro, Cornwall. Sturgeon (J cwt.), 
7 feet long. 

888a. LA YARD, J. G., 40 Millson Eoad, West Kensington, W. Case of 
Stuffed Trout. 

889. LEWIS, MARCUS HEDGES, Ham, near Newbury, Berkshire. 
Specimen Fish in cases, out of upwards of 4000 caught with rod and line by Exhibitor in 
the Kiver Kennet. (1) Barbel, 14 Ibs. (2) Chub, 5 Ibs. Length, 21 inches; Girth, 14 
inches. (3) Pike, 25 Ibs. Length, 41 inches ; Girth, 20 J inches. (4) Perch, 2| Ibs. (5) 
Trout, 9f Ibs. Length, 27 inches ; Girth, 16J inches. (6) Trout, 8f Ibs. Length, 26 inches ; 
Girth, 15 inches. 

889^. LOUISE, H.R.H. THE PRINCESS (Marchioness of Lome). 
Fish from Bermuda. 

889?). MATTHEWS, W. J., Railway Tavern, Hampstead Heath. Case 
of Stuffed Fish (various). 

890. NEWBURY AND DISTRICT ANGLING ASSOCIATION, 
THE. Secretary, Mr. J. Smith, 62 Northbrook Street, Newbury, Berks. (1) A Trout 
weighing 20 Ibs.*, caught by the Earl of Craven in the Kennet near Newbury. (2) A 
Trout weighing 18| Ibs., caught by the Earl of Craven in the Kennet near Newbury. (3) 
A Trout weighing lO^- Ibs., caught by the Earl of Craven in the Kennet near Newbury. 

(4) A Trout weighing 8 Ibs., caught by the Earl of Craven in the Kennet near Newbury. 

(5) A Trout weighing 11J Ibs., presented to the Association by the late Mrs. E. Knight, and 
caught in the Kennet at Newbury. (6) A Trout weighing 8 Ibs., caught by Mr. W. Allaway 
in the Kennet at Newbury. (7) A Pike, caught in the Kennet and Avon Canal near New- 
bury. (8) A Pike weighing 25 Ibs., caught by Mr. T. A. Newton in the water belonging to 
W. Chatterie, Esq., of Sandleford, near Newbury. (9) A Pike weighing 17f Ibs., caught by 
the late Mr. B. Fielder at Halfway near Newbury. (10) A Perch, caught by Mr. Clarke in 
the Kermet at Newbury. (11) A Case containing 3 Perch, caught by Mr. Clarke in the 
Kennet at Newbury. (12) A Perch weighing 2 Ibs. 5 oz., caught by Mr. H. Dorant in the 
Kennet at Newbury. (13) A Perch weighing 2J Ibs., caught by Master F. S. Cosburn in 
the Kennet at Newbury. (14) A Perch weighing 2| Ibs., caught by Mr. K. Freeman in the 

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110 Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 

Kennet near Newbury. (15) A Dace weighing f lb., caught by Mr. T. Watkins in the Kennet 
near Newbury. 

891. MACNEE, JAMES, Loch Tummel Side, Pitlochry, Perthshire. 
Case of Stuffed Loch Tummel Trout. (12 specimens from a maximum weight of 5 Ibs.) 

892. MAIDENHEAD, COOKHAM AND BRAY THAMES 
ANGLING ASSOCIATION; Skindle's Hotel, Maidenhead. Stuffed Specimens of 
Thames Fish. (1) Pike, 19 Ibs., lent by Mr. A. Brinkman. (2) Trout, 10 Ibs., lent by Mr. 
A. Brinkman. (3) Trout, 71bs., lent by Mr. A. Brinkman. (4) Chub, 4f Ibs., lent by Captau 
W. J. Casberd-Boteler, R.N. (5) Trout, 7 Ibs., lent by Mr. W. C. Haynes, R.N. (6) 2 Perch, 
1 Tench, Perch 2 and 2J Ibs., Tench, 2 Ibs., lent by Mr. R. Nicholson. (7) Jack, 20 Ibs., lent 
by M., C., and B. Thames Angling Association. (8) Jack, 13 Ibs., lent by M., C., and B. 
Thames Angling Association. (9) Chub, 5J Ibs., lent by Mr. Spencer. (10) Trout, 9 Ibs., 
lent by Mr. Worboys. (11) Chub, 5 Ibs. 10 oz., lent by Mr. Worboys. (12) Perch, 3 Ibs. 10 oz , 
lent by Mr. Speechley. (13) Trout, 8 Ibs., lent by Mr. H. Wilder. (14) Trout, 7 Ibs., lent by 
Mr. H. Wilder. (15) Chub, 4J Ibs., lent by Mr. H. Wilder. (16) Jack, lent by Mr. J. A. 
Lewis. (17) Jack, lent by Mr. J. A. Lewis. (18) Trout, lent by Mr. J. A. Lewis. (19) Jack, 
16 Ibs., lent by Mr. W. B. Lethbridge. 

893. MANN, THOMAS JAMES, Esq., The Grange, Bishops Stortford, 
Herts. (1) A Salmon Head, female, taken by rod and line. (2) A Roach, weighing 2 lb. 1 J oz. 
from the Test. (3) A Cast of a Grayling, 2f lb. from the Test. 

895. MATTHEWS, EDWARD DAVID, Member of the " West London 
Angling Club," Windsor Castle Hotel, Hammersmith. 1 Preserved Roach in Case, 2 Ibs. 

896. MATHEWS, STAVERTON, 105 Great Eussell Street, London. 
Stuffed Pike in Case, caught in the Shannon spinning by Mr. Staverton Mathews, 26th Sept., 
1878 (weight 35 Ibs.) 

897. MAUDE, C. J., Eoyal Mews, Hampton Court. Three Cases of 
Stuffed Carp, killed in Home Park, Hampton Court, weights, 12 Ibs., 11 Jibs.; and two of 
12flbs. 

8970. MONCKTON, COLONEL F., Carlton Club, Pall Mall, W. 
Stuffed Specimens of Barbot or Eel Pout. 

898. MOORE BROTHERS, 36 Newsham Drive, Newsham Park, 
Liverpool. (1) Skeleton of Wolf Fish, also skulls of Wolf Fish, Halibut, Hake, &c., disarticu- 
lated and separable for purposes of study and comparison. (2) Skeleton of a rare young 
Crocodile, and skeletons of young Alligator and young Edible Turtle, disarticulated and 
separable for purposes of study and comparison. 

899. MORGAN, JAMES WHISSON, 277 Amhurst Eoad, Stoke 
Newington, N. Three Barbel in one Case. Total weight when caught (as certified) 
22 Ibs. 15 ozs. (by Isaac Walton Club). 

900. MYDDELTON, SIR HUGH, ANGLING SOCIETY, Empress 
of Russia, St. John's Road, Clerkenwell, E.C. (1) One Stuffed Tench, 4 Ibs. 6 oz. (2) One 
Stuffed Tench, 3 Ibs. (3) One Stuffed Trout, 3 Ibs. (4) One Stuffed Chub, 3 Ibs. 8 oz. (5) 
One Stuffed Pike Perch. (6) One Stuffed Bleak. (7) One Stuffed Pike. 

901. NALTY, T. E., 46 St. German's Eoad, Forest Hill, S.E. A Stuffed 
Perch in Glass Case, taken on Oulton Broad, near Lowestoft, on August 27th, 1877, by the 
Exhibitor, with four smaller Perch, weighing respectively f lb., 1 lb., 1 lb., and 1 lb. 2 oz. 
Specimen Perch 21b. 7oz., total weight Gibs. 5oz., taken in less than thirty minutes. 

90ia. NESTOR, AUGUSTINE, 33 George Street, Limerick. Large 
Brown River Trout, weight 20 lb. 13 oz. 

902. NORTH-WESTERN ANGLING CLUB, W. Hillier, Secretary, 
"Lord Southampton," Maitland Park, Haverstock Hill, N.W. (1) Nine Cases of Pike. (2) 
Three Cases of Chub. (3) Three Cases of Bream. (4) Three Cases of Roach. (5) Three 
Cases of Perch. (6) One Case of Carp. (7) One Case of Reed. (8) One Case of Shalon. 

The Best and Cheapest. First Established 1825. 



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Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. Ill 

903. NUTTING & CO., Fishing Bod and Tackle Manufacturers, 70 
Edgbaston Street, Birmingham. (1) Carp in Glass Case, weighing 18J Ibs., caught by Mr. J. 
Bales, Warwick. (2) Roach in Glass Case, weighing 3J Ibs., caught in Soho Pool, Birming- 
ham, by Mr. Jones. 

904. NUTHALL, ALFRED, Thames Street, Kingston. (1) Stuffed Carp, 
taken in the Thames, weight 14 Ibs. 10 ozs. (2) Stuffed Carp, taken in Home Park, when 
spinning for pike. 

904^. PARKER, H. C. Case of Stuffed Bream. 

904&. PATTON, CAPTAIN A. J., Alpha House, Alpha Eoad, Regent's 
Park. Case containing eleven stuffed specimens of Trout. 

905. CHOLMONDELEY-PENNELL, H., 5 Cadogan Terrace, S.W. 
(1) Cast of Salmon, weighing 53 lb., taken in the Avon at Christchurch, April 3, 1880, and 
stated to be the largest caught in that river within memory. It was presented to their Parlia- 
mentary candidate, John E. Edwards-Moss, Esq., by his supporters, and the cast now exhibited 
was taken by Mr. Searle. (3) Pictures of Fish. These pictures are taken from specimens 
procured from the localities most celebrated for the particular species, and are literally drawn 
to "scale." They are examples of the illustrations of "British Sporting Fish," about to be 
published by the exhibitor. 

906. PICKHARDT, G., Working Naturalist, 45 Crogsland Eoad, London, 
N.W. A mixed collectiou of Stuffed Fish, Keptiles, Birds hostile to Fish, and Mammalia, 
detrimental to Fish, all in two glass cases. 

907. PUGH, ROBERT L., 16 Comeragh Eoad, West Kensington, W. 
(1) Perch, taken in the Kennet, twelve fish, weight. 32 Ibs. (2) Trout from Thames, one fish, 

9 Ibs. 8 oz. (3) Perch from Kennet, five fish, 12 Ibs. 7 oz. (4) Perch from Kennet, five fish, 

10 Ibs. 10 oz. (5) Perch from Thames, two fish, 3 Ibs. 14 oz. (6) Four Cases of Barbel, 
42 lb. 5 oz. (7) Jack, from Thames, taken with the worm, 10 Ibs. 8 oz. (8) Jack, from 
Thames, taken with the worm, 12 lb. 8 oz. (9) Chub, taken on single-hair line in the Thames 
at Henley, 4 Ibs. 10 oz. (10) Chub from Thames, 4 Ibs. 11 oz. (11) Tench from Thames, 
two fish, 6 Ibs. 3 oz. (12) Dace, from Thames, one fish, 11J oz. (13) Dace, from Kennet, six 
fish, 4 Ibs. 10 oz. (14) Dace, from Kennet, two fish, 1 lb. 8 oz. (15) Dace, from Kennet, one 
fish, 14 oz. (16) Pope, from Thames, 3| oz. All the above were taken, with rod and line, 
by Exhibitor in three years. 

908. READING AND DISTRICT ANGLING ASSOCIATION, 

Great Western Hotel, Beading. Cast of Salmo Fario, in show case, caught at Reading, April 
1880, and presented to H. M. the Queen. The cast prepared by the late Frank Buckland. 
Weight 16 Ibs. 15 oz. 

909. PISCATORIAL SOCIETY, Ashley's Hotel, Covent Garden. James 
Lander, Hon. Sec. (1) Three cases of Pike, weights 25 Ibs., 21 Ibs., and 20 Ibs. (2) Eleven 
cases of Trout, weights, 10 Ibs. 8 oz., 10 lb. 8 oz., 8 Ibs. 8 ozs., 8 Ibs. 4 ozs., &c. (3) Six cases 
of Chub, weights, 5 Ibs. 4 oz., 5 Ibs. 4 oz., 4 Ibs. 4. oz., 4 Ibs. 2 oz., and 4 Ibs. 2 ozs. (4) Four 
cases of Perch, weights, 3 Ibs., 3 Ibs., 2 Ibs. 8 oz., and 2 Ibs. 4 oz. (5) Five cases of Roach, 
weights, 2 Ibs. 10 oz., 2 Ibs. 6 oz., 2 Ibs. 4 oz., 2 Ibs. 1 oz., 2 Ibs., and 1 lb. 14 oz. (6) Three cases 
of Bream, 5 Ibs. 8 oz., 4 Ibs. 3 oz., and 3 Ibs. 7oz. (7) Three cases of Tench, 4 Ibs. 12 oz., 
3 Ibs. 4 oz., and 3 Ibs. (8) One case Carp, 5 Ibs. 12 oz. and 5 Ibs. 4 oz. (9) Three cases of 
Barbel, 9 Ibs., 7 Ibs., and 6 Ibs. (10) Two cases of Dace, 16 oz., 15 oz., and 14 oz. (11) Two 
cases of Grayling, 2 Ibs. and 1 lb. 13 oz. (12) One case of Prussian Carp, 3 Ibs. 15 ozs. 
(13) One case of Charr, the two, 1 lb. 8 oz. (14) One case of Flying Fish. (15) Case of 
Fishes' teeth. (16) Cast of Pike by Frank Buokland, painted by the late H. L. Bolfe, weight 
35 Ibs. (17) The Loving Cup of the Piscatorial Society. 

909. RICHMOND PISCATORIAL SOCIETY, East Sheen, Surrey; 
J. H. Gaunt, Secretary. Fifteen cases of Stuffed Fish. 

910. ROBERTS, THOMAS, Castle Meadow, Norwich. (1) One Case 
with small Pike and Roach. (2) One case with small Pike and Water Rail. 

Gentlemen's Ventilated Waterproofs 

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37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



112 Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants. 

911. ROBINSON, A., & LOWIN, B. J., Edmonton and Tottenham 
Angling Society, Upper Edmonton, Middlesex. (1) Perch 4 Ibs. 4 oz. (2) Pike, 4 Ibs. 

91 la. ROSS, CAPTAIN, 174 Cromwell Koad, South Kensington, S.W. 
(1) Case of Perch. (2) Case of Roach. 

912. SACHS, ALICE, 22 Hyde Park Place, London, W. Case of 
Salt-water Fish. 

913. SACHS, FLORENCE, 22 Hyde Park Place, London, W. (1) Cir- 
cular Model of Three Trout. (By the late Frank Buckland.) 

914. SACHS, THOMAS RANSOM, 22 Hyde Park Place, London, W. 
(1) Twenty Glazed Cases, containing Stuffed Fish, Trout, 2 Ibs. to 12 Ibs., Fresh Water Herring, 
Char, Knife Fish, Pike, Perch, 4 Ibs., Perch, 3f Ibs., 2| Ibs., Bream 6 Ibs., Pike 24 Ibs., 
American Striped Bass, Black Bass, and Cast of a Trout. 

916. SCOTT, J. R. KNOWLE, F.S.A., The Drive, Walthamstow. 
Specimen of a Large Pike, in glass case, caught with a rod at Avon Tyrell, in Hants, in the 
Kiver Avon, weight 32 Ibs., 3 feet 8 inches in length by 28 inches in extreme girth. 

917. SEARLE, EDMUND WILLIAM, 11 College Place, Great College 
Street, N.W. (1) 53 Ib. Salmon, cast and painted to life. (2) 17 Ib. Thames Trout, in case, 
cast and painted to life. (3) Group of fifteen Common Trout in case, cast and painted to life. 

(4) Two large 6 Ib. Soles, cast and painted to life. (5) Dish of Sea Trout caught at London 
Bridge, cast and painted to life. (6) Dish of Common Trout, cast and painted to life. (7) 
Large 3 Ib. Lampern, cast and painted to life. (8) Several small Salmon, cast and painted to 
life. (9) Five 2 Ib. Perch, cast and painted to life. (10) Two Mackerel, 1 Ib. and 2 Ibs., cast 
and painted to life. (11) Grayling cast and painted to life, and various other castings. The 
specimens of the following Exhibits are the work of E. W. Searle ; 886. Cast of Lump Fish ; 
905. Cast of 53 Ibs. Cb.ristcb.urch Salmon ; 908. Cast and coloured, 16 Ibs. 15 oz. Thames Trout ; 
945. Cast and coloured 43 Ibs. Salmon ; also the greater part of the specimens in the 
Buckland Museum. 

9l7a. SILVER TROUT ANGLING CLUB, Star and Garter Hotel, 
St. Martin's Lane, W.C. 54 cases of Fish. 

918. SMITH, D., 16 Guildford Street, Wilmington Square, Clerkenwell. 
(1) Two large Perch, weight 3 Ibs. 12 oz., taken at Amberley. (2) Three large Perch, Kiver 
Colne. (3) One Carp, River Wey. (4) One Roach, weight 1 Ib. 14 oz., taken at Amberley. 

(5) One Roach, weight 1 Ib. 13| oz., taken at Amberley. 

9l8. SMITH, E. H., 22 Strutton Ground, Westminster. Case containing 
three Brook Trout. 

919. SNOWIE, HUGH, & SONS, Church Street, Inverness. (1) Salmo 
Ferox Trout taken in River Ness. 29^ Ibs. In glass case. (2) Salmo Ferox Trout taken in 
Loch Ness. 7J Ibs. In glass case. Killed with a Minnow. (3) Gilleroo Trout killed by the 
late Duke of Leeds at Applecross. Weight 10 Ibs. On stand. 

920. SOCIETY OP CAXTONIAN ANGLERS, THE, Falcon Hotel, 
Gough Square, Fleet Street. (1) One Case Three Bream. (2) One Case Three Bream. (3) 
One Case Two Jack. (4) One Case One Jack. (5) One Case Two Bream. (6) One Case One 
Barbel. (7) One Case One Chub. (8) One Case One Jack. (9) One Case One Jack. (10) 
One Case One Bream. (11) One Case One Carp. 

922. SQUIRE, FREDERICK W. W., 13 Eadnor Place, Plymouth. A 
large preserved Specimen of Cornish Brown Trout (Salmo faris), weight 5 Ibs. 10 oz. 

923. STANLEY ANGLERS' SOCIETY, 51 Camden Park Koad, N.W. 
Geo. E. Walker, Hon. Sec. A Collection of Stufled Fresh- Water Fish. 

924. STARKEY, JAMES, 28 Albion Road, Stoke Newington. Cases of: 
(1) Ten Roach, united weights 16 Ibs. (2) One Carp, weighing 5 Ibs. 2 oz. (3) One Chub, 
weighing 5 Ibs. 11 oz. (4) Two Tench, weighing 4 Ibs. 6 oz. (5) Two Perch, weighing 4 Ibs. 
6 oz. (6) One Trout, weighing 8 Ibs. 7 oz. (7) One Trout, weighing 7 Ibs. 12 oz. (8) Two 
Trout, weighing 9 Ibs. 2 oz. (9) One Bream, weighing 8 Ibs. 7 oz. (10) One Bream, 



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ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

INDIA RUBBER MANUFACTURERS, 

37, atJEEN VJCTOBU STREET, E,C,, LONDON, ENGLAND 



Great Britain Division LI. East and West Quadrants t 113 

weighing 4 Ibs. (11) One Jack, weighing 10 Ibs. (12) One Jack, weighing 12 Ibs. (13) 
One Jack weighing 13 Ibs. (14) One Jack, weighing 17| Ibs. (15) One Roach, weighing 2f 
Ibs. (16) Two Trout from the Kiver Leader. 

924^. STURGISS, M. CLARE, 113 Westbourne tafk Road, Hyde Park, 
Thames Trout. 

925. SOUTH LONDON ANGLING SOCIETY. Cases of Stuffed 
Freshwater Fish. 

925. SWEETING, JOHN, & CO., 158, 159 Cheapside, London, E.C, 
(1) Small Sturgeon. (2) Irish Trout. 

926. TAPLIN, F., Wimbledon. (1) Two Carp in Case, each weighing 
about 13 Ibs., not caught by Exhibitor. (2) Carp in Case, weighing 13 Ibs. 

927. TAYLOR, GEORGE GALLOWAY, 11 Tranton Road, Jamaica 
Road, Bermondsey, S.E. Chub, weight 7 Ibs., caught in the Thames on the 14th August, 1881 
said, by the papers at the time, to be the largest preserved in the United Kingdom. 

928. TAYLOR, MATTHEW, Cookridge Street, Leeds. One Show Case, 
containing coloured casts from fish (chiefly fresh-water fish). 

928a. TEASDEL, W., Harbour Works, Great Yarmouth. Stuffed Eel. 

929. TOPPIN, PERCY, Glan-yr-Afon, Strawberry Hill. Two Cases of 
preserved fish " Bull Trout," weight 27 Ibs. and 30 Ibs. each, caught by Exhibitor while 
Salmon fishing and with flies of his own make. The fly which caught the larger fish was lost 
with a heavy fresh run salmon estimated at over 40 Ibs. weight, after a most exciting fight in 
the same pool half an hour later. 

929^. TRAQUAIR, R. H., 8 Dean Park Crescent, Edinburgh. Draw- 
ings of Fossil Fishes from British Carboniferous Kocks. 

930. TREMAINE, WILLIAM HENRY, Member of the West 
London Angling Club, Windsor Castle Hotel, Hammersmith. One Preserved Pike, weight 
21 Ibs., in case, caught in the Kiver Ouse. 

931. UNITED SOCIETY OF ANGLERS (THE), The "Wellington," 
Shoreditch, E. Loan Collection of Stuffed Freshwater Fish, 80 cases. 

932. EDINBURGH, H.R.H. THE DUKE OP, K.G., Clarence 

House, St. James's, London. Pike, 28 Ibs. 

933. VALE, JOHN, 27 Hammersmith Eoad, London, W. (1) Case 
containing Pike, weight 27 Ibs., caught by Kod and Line. The thickness of the back of 
the Pike is something extraordinary; was caught "spinning" in the adjoining lake 
to Virginia Water, in Windsor Park. (2) Case containing Thames Trout, weight 7 Ibs., 
caught at Maidenhead. 

9330. WATKINS, C., Woolwich Invicta Angling Club. Case of large 
stuffed Perch. 

934. WEBB, T. S., 56 Burton Street, 1 Burton Crescent, London. 
Member of King's Cross United Angling Society. (1) One Trout, 16 Ibs. 5 oz., in Bent Case, 
taken by rod and line, New Kiver. (2) Two Trout, 8 Ibs. 9 oz., and 6 Ibs. 12 oz., in Square 
Case, taken by rod and line, Kiver Lea. 

934. WHALE, 

potamus Teeth. (2) 

Samples of Walrus Teeth/ 

Samples of Dugong Bones. (8) Samples" of Norwhal Horns. 

935. WEBSTER, WILLIAM GEORGE, 1 Bedfort Court, Old 
North Street, Red Lion Square, W.C. (1) Two Stuffed Roach, in Case, 4 Ibs. 3 oz., taken at 
Amberley. (2) One Stufled Roach, in Case, 2 Ibs. oz., taken at Amberley. (3) One 
Stuffed Roach, in Case, 1 Ib. 9 oz., taken at Amberley. (4) One Stuffed Roach, in Case, 
2 Ibs. | oz., taken at Amberley. (5) Two Stuffed Roach, in Case, 3 Ibs. 5 oz., taken at 

G. LITTLE AND CO., 

FISHING ROD & TACKLE MAKERS. 

PEIZE MEDALS, 1861, tha only award out of 25 Exhibitors. 
15, FETTER I*A.NE, LONDON, E.O, 




114 Great Britain^Divisions Lit, LIIl.East and West Quadrants. 

Amberley. (6) One Stuffed Roach, in Case, 1 Ib. 2f oz., taken at St. Margaret's. (7) Tablet, 
with Particulars of Fish. 

935a. WEST, DAVID W. (1) Sea Porcupine. (2) Shark's Jaws. Jaw- 
bones of shark, measuring 20 ft. long, which was caught in the Persian Gulf by Captain 
Macdonald and crew of the " Countess of Cantore " in March, 1879. The stomach of the 
shark was found to contain a man's foot enclosed in a lace-up boot. 

936. WESTBOURNE PARK PISCATORIAL SOCIETY, THE, 
" The Pelican," All Saints' Road, Near Westbourne Park Station, London, W. H. Thompson, 
Secretary. (1) Pike in Case, 26 Ibs. from private water. (2) Pike in Case, taken in Grand 
Junction Canal. (3) One Pike in Case. (4) Trout in Case, Thames. (5) Barbel in Case, 
Thames. (6) Carp, Welsh Harp. (7) Carp, Welsh Harp. (8) Bream, Ouse. (9) Chub, 
Colne. (10) Pair of Tench, private water. (11) Perch, Kennet. (12) Roach, Colne. 
(13) Roach, Colne. (14) Dace, Colne. All fish taken angling. 

9 3 6. WHITE, P. Stuffed Dace. 

937. WILLIAMS, F. T. & CO., Great Queen Street, London. (1) Case 
containing three Perch. (2) Case containing one Bream. 

938. WOODMAN, G., Vice-President of the Junior Piscatorial 
Society* 60 Camberwell New Road. (1) One Case of Rudd, caught with rod and line. (2) 
Four Rudd, all over 2J Ibs. each. 

938^. WOODROW, A. Large Stuffed Chub. 

939. WRIGHT, ROBERT, The Willows, Harlesden, Middlesex. A 
Grayling in Case, weight of fiah, 3 Ibs., caught with fly. 

940. WYNN, SIR WATKIN W., Bart, M.P., Wynnstay, Ehuabon. 
Specimens of Stuffed Fish called Gwynyad from Bala Lake, North Wales. 

941. FITZGERALD, MAJOR PUREFOY, North Hall, near Basing- 
stoke. Stuffed Pike, caught at Upton House, Edge Hill, in an old monastic pond ; length 
4 ft. 1 in.; circumference, 2 ft. 5 in.; weight, 40 Ibs. 

942. GARDNER, JAMES, 29 Oxford Street, London, W. Show Booms, 
149 Oxford Street, W. Collection of Stuffed Fish, consisting of various Fresh and Salt-Water 
Fish, Molluscs, &c. 

943. BRAINE, FRANK, Kensington. Stuffed Pike, Stuffed Bream. 

945. SCOTT, HARRY, Forbes House, Surrey, 28 Belgrave Square. 
Cast of Salmon, weighing 43 Ibs., caught with fly on the Culter House Water, Dee, Aberdeen- 
shire, by H. Scott, and painted by Mr. Searle at the house and under the personal supervision 
of the late Mr. Frank Buckland. 

946. WEBB, JOHN W., Captain R.N., Kongo House, Hythe. A very 
large Snout of Sword-Fish, obtained at Singapore ; the fish was probably caught in the 
Straits of Malacca, arid it is believed to be larger than any in the British Museum. 

947. ADAMS, W. A., Gaines, Worcester. Stuffed Pike. 

948. BURTON, H. J., & SON, 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, 
London. Group of Saw-fish snouts. Also a large stuffed specimen of the Sturgeon, and 
Crocodile Head. 

DIVISION LIL [East and West Quadrants.] See Plan, p. 102. 
(1) Reptiles, such as tortoises, turtles, terrapins, lizards, serpents, frogs, newts, &o; 

950. BRIGHTON AQUARIUM COMPANY. Turtle. 

951. BUTT, GEORGE F., 49 Wigmore Street, London, W. Indian 
Crocodile (C. bombifrons) stuffed iu case, in the act of seizing a Leopard (Felis Leopardus) 
while drinking. 

953. BURTON, H. J., & SON, 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, London. 
Turtle Shells. _____^____ _ 

WM, WOOLLAMS & CO., 

ORIGINAL MANUFACTURERS OF 

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Great Britain Division LIIL East and West Quadrants. 115 

953^. DREEVAR, GEORGE, 78 Wells Street, Oxford Street, W. (I) 
Marine Snake taken in Indian Ocean. (2) Flying Fish taken more than 100 years ago on 
the deck of a vessel of the Royal Navy by the late Admiral Lechmere, formerly Capt. of 
H.M.S. Thunderer. (3) Specimen of Common Indian Ring Snake. 

954a. LIGGINS, MRS. HENRY, 3 Ladbroke Square, W. Polished 
Turtle Shell. 

954&. GUNN, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich. Collection of 
Stuffed British Eeptilcs, consisting of Frogs, Natter- Jack and Common Toads, &c., caught 
around Norwich. These include a remarkable monstrosity of a Toad having five distinct and 
well-formed legs'; it was taken alive at Cossey, near Norwich, in May, 1882. 

DIVISION LILT. [East and West Quadrants. J See Plan, p. 102. 
(TO) Aquatic and other birds hostile to fish or fishing. 

954.C. AMHERST, MRS. MARGARET, 88 Brook Street, Grosvenor 
Square, W. Heron and Eel in case. 

955. ASHMEAD, G. B., & CO. (Naturalists), 35 Bishopsgate Street, 
London, E.C. (1) Marine Fish-feeding Birds. Divers, Cormorant, Shag, &c. (British). (2) 
Aquatic Fish-feeding Birds. Heron, Bittern (British). (3) Small groups, anecdotal, 
illustrating vicissitudes of bird and fish life ; also preserved bird skins, from which artificial 
flies used in fishing are formed. 

956. BARTLETT, A. D., & SON, Zoological Gardens, Eegent's Park, 
N.W. Fish-eating Birds (1) Squaco Heron. (2) Buff-backed Heron. (3) Penguin. 
(4) King Fishers. 

957. BURROUGHS, Lieut.-Gen. F. W. TRAILL, C.B., Kousay, 
Orkney, N.B. Two Stuffed Wild Swans shot in Rousay, Orkney, N.B. 

959. EEDLE, THOMAS, 40 Goldsmith Kow, Hackney Road. Birds 
injurious to Fish (1) Gooseanders. (2) Kingfishers. (3) Dippers Birds beneficial to 
Fish. 

960. FRASER, SIMON, 11 Huntly Place, Inverness, N.B. (1) Glass 
Case of Aquatic Birds, general. (2) Case of Birds in act of destroying Trout in artificial 
water. 

961. GUNN, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich. (1) Collection of Stuffed 
British Birds hostile to fish and fishing contained in about 40 cases, including fine specimens 
of the Osprey, Kingfishers, Herons, Night Heron (very rare), Bitterns, White Stork, Egret, 
Spoonbill, Water Hen, Coot, Shielducks, Shovellers, Scoters, Smew, Goosander, Meyauser, 
Great Crested and other Grebes in summer and winter. Divers, Guillemots, Razorbill, Little 
Auk, Puffin, Cormorant, Gannet and various species of Terns and Gulls, nearly all collected 
in Norfolk, and mounted in groups illustrative of different seasons, and also some remarkable 
incidents in Aquatic life, the whole forming a representative series of British Fish-Eating 
Birds. 

962. HELSTRIP, C., 13 St. Saviour's Place, York. (1) Osprays and Fish. 
(2) Lille Egret. (3) Darters. (4) Night Herons. (5) Ruddy Sheldrake and Duck. (6) 
Wild Duck and Drake. 

963. HODGES, W. J., Aucuba Villa, Lavender Hill, S.W. (1) Gannet or 
Solan Goose. (2) Heron. (3) Black-throated Diver (winter plumage). (4) Green 
Cormorant. (5) Great Black-backed Gull. (6) Herring Gull. (7) Herring Gull (immature). 
(8) Common Gull. (9) Red-legged Gulls (winter plumage). (10) Red-legged Gulls 
(winter plumage). (11) Guillemots. (12) Razor-bill. (13) Puffins. (14) Oyster Catcher. 
(15) Curlew. (16) Curlew. (17) Curlew. (18) Whimbrel. (19) Grey Plovers (winter 
plumage). (20) Bar-tailed Godwits. (21) Greeushanks. (22) Greenshank. (23) 
Redshank. (24) Spotted Redshank. (25) Stints. (26) Teal, female. (27) Green Plover. 
(28) Sandwich Tern. (29) Little Tern. (30) Sooty Tern. (31) Common Tern. 

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116 Great Britdiii^Division LIV. East dnd West Quadrant^ 

964. HOWLETT, W., High Street, Newmarket. Five Cases Birds 
hostile to Pish : (1) One Case with two Birds, Purple Herdns. (2) One Case two Birds; 
Common Heron. (3) One Case one Bird, Gannet. (4) Two Cases of Kingfishers, two Birds 
in each case ; all shot on Norfolk and Suffolk Coast. 

965. JARDINE, ALFRED GEORGE, 38 Old Change, London. 
(1) Case of Birds. (2) "Red Throated Divers. (3) Winter Plumage. 

966. ROBERTS, THOMAS, Castle Meadow, Norwich. Cases of 
Stuffed Aquatic Birds. 

967. SACHS, THOMAS RANSpM, 22 Hyde Park Place, London, W; 
Two Cases, containing German and English Kingfishers. 

9670. SILVER TROUT ANGLING CLUB. Case of Aquatic Birds. 

968. SNOWIE, HUGH, & SONS, Church Street, Inverness. (1) Male 
and Female Great Northern Diver, 16 Ibs. (2) Two Cormorants, 18 Ibs. (3) One Black- 
throated Diver, 7 Ibs. 

969. BURTON, H. J., & SON, 191 Wardour Street, Oxford Street, 
London. (1) Case of Ducks, stuffed and mounted. (2) Case of Waders, stuffed and mounted. 
(3) Case of Ducks, stuffed and mounted. (4) Group of two common Terns in glass shade. 
(5) Case of Sea-fowl, stuffed and mounted. (6) Case of Water-fowl, stuffed and Mounted. 
(7) Case of Gannets (adult and young birds), stuffed and mounted. (8) Case of Waders, 
stuffed and mounted. (9) Case of Cormorants, stuffed and mounted. (10) Case of Cormorants, 
stuffed and mounted. (11) Glass Show Case of Aquatic Bird Skins. 

970. BUTT, GEORGE F., 49 Wigmore Street, London, W. (1) Contest 
between two Osprey (Pandion halioatus) or Fish Hawks, over a Lump Fish (Cyclopterus 
lumpus), in case. (2) Two white Spoonbills (Platalea Leucorodia) at rest, with marine acces- 
sories fish, &c. in case. 

971. COOKE, T., & SON, Naturalists, 30 Museum Street, W. (1) Case 
of Kingfishers. (2) Mahogany case of two Divers. (3) Case with Heron. (4) Case with 
Gannet. (5) Two cases of Eggs. 

972. GARDNER, JAMES, 29 Oxford Street, London, W. Show Rooms, 
149 Oxford Street, W. Collection of Aquatic Birds, consisting of various species of Herons, 
Gulls, Divers, Ducks, Pelicans, Storks, Cranes, Albatross, Grebes. &c. 

DIVISION LIV. [East and West Quadrants.'] See Plan, p. 102. 
(n) Aquatic and amphibious mammalia (otters, seals, whales, &c.) and others 
detrimental to fish. 

973. ASHMEAD, G. B., & CO. (Naturalists), 35 Bishopsgate Street, 
London, E.G. (1) Marine Mammals ; Seal. (2) Aquatic Mammals ; Otter. 

974. CARR, WALTER PATERSON, High Street, Berwick-on-Tweed. 
An otter (stuffed), caught along with Salmon in net in River Tweed. 

974. COCKS, A. HENEAGE. Skeleton of an Otter. 

975. EASTWOOD, G. J., Cheshunt, Herts. Otter, shot in the Exhibitor's 
private Fishery, weight 13^ Ibs. 

976. EEDLE, THOMAS, 40 Goldsmith How, Hackney Koad, London. 
Otters and young. 

977. EYRE, HENRY BINFORD, Elgin Lodge, Weybridge. (1) Bitch 
Otter and Young in glass case. (2) Dog Otter in glass case. (3) Bitch Otter with Fish in 



979. GUNN, T. E., 47 St. Giles Street, Norwich. (1) Two Groups of 
Stuffed British Otters are shown as aquatic animals detrimental to the fishing interest. (2) 
** At Bay " represents a fine dog of 26 Ibs. weight, with a roach of 2 Ibs. under its foot, nnd 
its alarmed young ones around; it is supposed to have been tracked to its home by the 

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Great Britain Divisions LV., LVI. East and West Quadrants. 117 

hounds. (3) " Night Poaching " shows a brace of otters, regaling themselves upon the finny 
inhabitants of a trout stream. (4) A Small Case, containing a Baby Otter, about two days 
old, taken near Norwich. 

979. PUGH, ROBERT L., 16 Comeragh Road, West Kensington, W. 
Otter from Thames. 

9796. ROBERTS, THOMAS, Castle Meadow, Norwich. One Case, Pair 
of Otters and Fish. 

979c. LEE, HENRY, Margate. (1) Rostrum, or " Horn," of Narwhal. 

(2) Eostra of Saw Fish. 

979f REEVES, ROBERT W. C. One large Seal taken in the Shannon 
near Kilrush. 

980. HELSTRIP, C., 13 St. Saviour's Place, York. Otters and Fish. 
9800. SILVER TROUT ANGLING CLUB. Otter in case. 

981. WILLIAMS, ALEXANDER, 97 Victoria Road, Dundee, Scotland. 
(1) 1 Large Stuffed Walrus, captured by Captain Adams, Dundee (2) Eskimo Clothes. 

(3) Five Stuffed Seals. (4) Three Saw Fishes. (5) Porpoise Fish. 

gSia. NEWBURY ANGLING ASSOCIATION. Otters from the 
Kennet. 

DIVISION LV. [East Quadrant.} See Plan, p. 102. 

Works of Ichthyology. Maps illustrating geographical distribution, 
migration, &c., of fishes and spawn. 

982. DAY, Dr. FRANCIS, Leamington House, Cheltenham. (1) 2 Vol. 
4to., Fishes of India. (2) 6 No. 8vo., Fishes of Great Britain. (3) 2 Vol. 8vo., Fish and 
Fisheries of India. (4) 1 Vol. 4to., Fishes of Yarcand. 

984. HOUGHTON, REV. WILLIAM, M.A., F.L.S., Preston Kectory, 
Wellington, Shropshire. Book, in two Volumes, " British Fresh Water Fishes." . 

985. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro, Cornwall. A paper on the 
growth of Barnacles on ships' bottoms and logs of wood found floating on the ocean. 

986. QUARITCH, BERNARD, 15 Piccadilly, London. (1) Illustrations 
of the Salmonidse, by Sir William Jardine, twelve coloured engravings, in twelve frames. (2) 
Illustrations of Fresh Water Fishes, by Louis Agassiz, twenty coloured engravings, in twenty 
frames. (3) Walton's Angler, first edition, 1653, a reproduction in facsimile by W. Griggs. 

987. WRIGHT, BRYCE, F.B.G.S., F.Z.S., &c., 204 Eegent Street, W. 
Fossil remains of Icthyosaurus and Plesiosaurus. 

DIVISION LVI. -[East and West Quadrants.} See Plan, p. 102. 

Specimens and representations illustrative of the relations between 

extinct and existing fishes. 

989. GALLOWAY, WILLIAM, Inveresk by Edinburgh. Collection of 

various interesting objects from a pre-historic shell-mound, in the island of Oransay, Western 
Hebrides. This shell-mound is situated on the old coast line, and dates undoubtedly from a 
period anterior to its elevation. No trace of metals have been found, but the occurrence of 
numerous flint chips, &c., carry it back evidently to the neolithic age. Of objects, showing 
unmistakable traces of human use and agency, there are ten fish-spear or harpoon heads of 
bone, and one butt ; also numerous rubbed bones, chisels, borers or awls, and picks of the 
same material. Also lap and hammer-stones, rubbed stones, limpet hammers, &c. Also 
several shells, evidently trimmed for use as spoons, pierced for suspension, &c In addition to 
the usual edible shellfish, the shells of which occur in large quantities, there are also remains 
of the Rorqual, Seal, Eed Deer, Otter, and other mammals ; of the Mullet, Wrasse, picked 
Dogfish, Skate, &c. Among the aquatic birds are included bones of the now extinct Great 
Auk, the Wild Swan, Razorbill, Guillemot, &c., forming one of the most important discoveries 

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118 Great Britain Division LVL East and West Quadrants. 

of this kind made in Scotland. (2) Various relics from a Viking grave in Kilorau Bay, 
Colonsay. This grave was accidentally discovered by Malcolm McNeill, Esq., of Colousay, 
June, 1882, and, from the number of clinker-nails or rivets found, has evidently been a ship- 
burial. In addition to human remains, there were found iron weapons, very much oxidised, in- 
cluding a sword, spear, and battle-axe ; also remains of a shield, iron pot, &c. Portions also 
of a bronze belt, bronze .pin, and a very perfect set of scales and weights, &c. 

9QO. GERRARD, EDWARD, JUN., 31 College Place, Camden Town. 

(1) Skeleton of Cod. (2) Skeleton of Maigre or Koyal Fish. (3) Skeleton of Ccratodus 
Forsteri. (4) Skeleton of Hake. (5) Disarticulated Cod's Head. (6) Tortoise Skeleton. 

991. GREGORY, JAMES R., 88 Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, 
London. (1) Collection of Fossil extinct British Fishes, with names, geological formations, 
and localities. (2) Collection of Fossil Teeth of extinct British Fossil Fishes, with names, 
geological formations, and localities. 

991<x. LEE, HENRY, Margate. (1) Skeleton of Porpoise, a fish-like 
Mammal, recent. (2) Skeleton of Ichthyosaurus, a fish-like Reptile, fossil. (3) Models of 
Ichthyosaurus and Plesiosaurus. (4) Vertebrae and Teeth of Sharks. 

9916. NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL HOME FOR CRIPPLED BOYS, 
Wright's Lane, Kensington. Case containing seaweeds, fish, books, fossils, &c. 

992. NICHOLS, EDWARD, Market Place, Norwich. Jaw Bones and 
teeth of Eoach, caught and mounted by Exhibitor. 

993. MANTUA AND MONTFERRAT,. H.M.S.H/ PRINCE OF, 
16 Elgin Road, St. Peter's Park, W. (1) Historical collection of fossil-fish, with recent forms 
for comparison, comprising specimens from the collection of Ulysses Aldrovandi, the father of 
Ichthyology, who lived at Bologna in the 16th century, and placed by him in the ancient 
museum at the Ducal Palace at Mantua. It contains also specimens from the collection of 
Korr, author of the Petrificata,' Professor Louis Agassiz, Baron George Cuvier, Miss Mary 
Anning, of Lyme Regis, Dean Buckland, Baron Alexander von Humboldt, Hugh Miller, 
William Smith, father of English Geology, the Rev. W. Conybeare, the Rev. Adam Sedgwick, 
Sir C. Lyell, Sir R. Murchisson, and includes many figured specimens ; shows also the gold 
medals given by the Council of the Mantua and 'Montferrat Medal Fund to the Earl of 
Enniskillen, Professor Richard Owen, Professor Agassiz and others for Ichthyology or Science. 

(2) Red Crag, Walton-on-the-Naze, about 380 species collected in zones of age by the Prince, 
assisted by General J. J. Jenkins, Mr. Percy F. Kendall, Mr. W. H. Taylor, and Mr. F. Y. 
Brocas during 1880 and 1882, named by Mr. Robert Bell, F.G.S., and Mr. P. F. Kendall. This 
includes many species new to the Red Crag, or to the locality at Walton ; the largest and 
most complete collection ever made in this place. (3) General Collection of Fossil Crag, 
including many types figured in the " Paleontographical,'' and arranged and named by 
Mr. R. Bell. (4) Recent and Fossil Sponges, principally British, for comparison. (5) Recent 
and Fossil Starfish, for comparison. (6) Recent, and Fossil Sea Eggs, for comparison, British 
and Foreign. (7) Eggs of Crocodiles, Tortoises, Snakes, Lizards, Fish and Mollusca, with 
shells of the animals that laid them, collected by Dr. David Livingstone, &c. (8) Curious 
Resemblances to Human and Animal Forms, writings, alphabets, so-called " mimicries " of 
animal and plant life, as seen on fossil sponges, shells, Egyptian pebbles showing portraits of 
well-known individuals, rocks and seeds, all natural. Letters of Hebrew, Greek, Sanscrit, 
Arabic, natural on objects. (9) Seaside Plants, particularly monstrosity of sea beet. (10) 
Rare Recent Shells from Doggerbank, collected by fishermen. (11) Conchology, recent type 
collection of genera and important species, named by Mr. Robert Bell. (12) Peruvian pre- 
historic Relics of Fishermen, including fishing-nets, implements for making the same, specimens 
of garments and weaving implements, food, mummies of pet animals, ornamental dress, seal 
with figure of fish-god and sundries, illustrating their lives. (13) A General Collection of 
Fossils, principally marine. (14) Fossil Shells collected in two hours in the quarry at 
Parnes, near Paris, Middle Eocene. (15) Collection of Amine Fossil Copal, from the beach 
of the east coast of Africa, showing fossil insects, a lizard, flowers, leaves, all embalmed as in 
amber, with recent insects for comparison. (16) Recent and Fossil Corals for comparison. 

COPY OF TESTIMONIAL GIVEN RESPECTING 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

REGULATION ARMY WATERPROOF CLOAK. 

HEAD QUARTERS, R.V.C., BERWICK-UPON-TWEED, May 25, 1811. 

GENTLEMEN, I have sent the Regulation Cloak that I purchased from you some five or six yearg 
ago. Will you have the goodness to put a new collar on It, and return to me. 

Injustice to yourselves I ought to mention that the cloak in question has seen a good deal of 
rough work, and with the exception of the collar is not very much the worse. Yours obediently, 

(Signed) ROBERT WEDDELL, CAPTAIN, 1st. B., R.V.C. 
Messrs. ANDEBSON, ABBOTT, and ANDEUSON, Queen Victoria, Street, London, E.G. 



Great Britain Division L VI. History of Fishing. 119 

HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF FISHING FISHERY LAWS FISH COMMERCE. 

THE history and literature of fish and fisheries form in themselves a veritable ocean, the 
inhabitants of which are of the most varied nature, from the chatty pages of Walton to the' 
useful but scarcely inviting Tables of Parliamentary Statistics. This voluminous treatment 
may occasion surprise to persons unacquainted with the extent and intricacy of the subject ; 
but its cause will be readily perceived by any one who considers the complexity of the 
relations involved, as well as the multiplicity of species and properties. Not merely do fish 
afford one of the chief staples of human food, but they are the only denizens of the element 
which covers by far the greater portion of the earth's surface. When to these considerations it 
is added that they are apparently quite incapable of domestication, that some of the finest 
sorts soon dwindle and die out unless a perfectly free course be opened to them through river 
and ocean, that their capture is the source of innumerable jealousies, and that physical means 
can scarcely be devised for protecting piscatorial rights whether vested in communities or indi- 
viduals, the wonder arises not that so much has been written, but rather that there should be any 
end to controversy. Fishing, whether for business or pleasure, is considered by English 
people, and indeed by mankind in general, as primarily a pursuit in which all the world may 
engage wherever, whenever, or however they please ; and the only limitations to its exercise 
have their origin either in a defective right of access to the waters or in the necessity to 
preserve a continuance of supply. Thus on the high seas every one may catch whatever fish 
they can with whatever means they are able to employ, so long, of course, as they do not inter- 
fere with the superior right of navigation. On the other hand, it is clear that when a coast is 
approached, certain rights over the adjacent waters must naturally belong to the people of 
the country; so that foreigners cannot exercise their occupation within some conventional 
distance (three miles from low-water mark in the point determined) without licence from 
the Government. Hence arises immediately the necessity for international agreement, and 
one of the earliest conventions between Great Britain and the newly acknowledged American 
States, had regard to the fisheries of Newfoundland. Direct piscatorial rights, too, are by 
no means the only objects of diplomatic intervention in these matters ; and not 'many years 
have elapsed since the position of seamen in distress, and the distribution of their estates, 
when deceased, became regulated by Treaty between our own Government and those respec- 
tively of Germany and Italy. Kivers, again, in so far as they are navigable, are open to all 
natives of the country through which they run ; but where access can only be obtained from the 
banks, both they and the fish contained in them are considered to belong to the riparian pro- 
prietors. Angling, it may be here observed, stands upon precisely the same footing as net 
fishing, except that the open season is protracted for a short time in order to balance in some 
degree the nights and unfavourable days during which nets only can take effect, and that 
trespassers with the rod are liable to rather lighter fines. The duration of the period during 
which fishing is prohibited for fear of injury to the spawn, has caused endless discussion and 
legislation; while the construction of wears or weirs has been a fertile source of dispute 
since the days of Magna Charta at the very least. The regulations upon, these subjects 
are altogether miscellaneous, not to say conflicting, and vary both with the species and the 
locality. Salmon indeed, like the house of Courtenay, is so lordly in its nature, and so migra- 
tory in its habits, as to require nothing less than a chapter of history all to itself. But the 
herring, said to have been introduced into England by Cerdric, in the days of Bomulus 
Augustulus, can boast of a lengthened pedigree, and the royal whale lays claim to no slight 
consideration. In fact, if any one desired to become familiar with the history of this extensive 
branch of the animal kingdom, it is necessary that he should acquaint himself not only with 
the haunts and habits of the fish, but also with the Treaties, Charters, Acts and Kegulations, 
whereby the original freedom of universal piscatory has been abridged in accordance with 
international, municipal, or special declaration,^ The theme is by no means dry or wanting 
in those glimpses of national character which give colour to historical research. In classic 
times piscatorial rights, both public and private, were commonly recognised, as is shown by 
the allusions of satirists, and the numerous technical terms in use. At Pompeii, for example, 
if we may argue from the frescoes still extant upon the walls, angling must have been a very- 
favourite employment. Amongst our own ancestors, the Anglo Saxons fed largely oafish, but 



120 Great Britain Division LVL History of Fishing. 

the Britons are said to have refrained from them out of reverence for streams and rivers, and 
the-alleged aversion of certain large classes of the poor to this article of food may possibly be 
a survival of this notion. In the Venetian edition of the Older Salic Law, a fine is exacted 
of "MD. Denarios, XV. Solidos" for the theft of a fish. Feudalism developed the pares or 
private ponds of great seigneurs to a most elaborate extent, and the Fifth Book of the 
Ordonnances of Louis XIV. enters into very minute particulars. The Code Rurale also, pub- 
lished by Royal Privilege in 1775, contains many interesting details of a system swept away 
a few years afterwards, like so many other remnants of Feudalism, by the force of the Revo- 
lution, in which so conspicuous a part was played by the Dames de la Halle. For the 
comparative freedom with which our own arrangements have been conducted we are probably 
indebted to the existence of the celebrated Fishmongers' Company, or " Mistery of Fysshe- 
mongers," to use their ancient title. The charters of this wealthy and famous Society carry 
us back as far as Richard II. The amalgamation of the two Guilds of Stockfishmongers 
and Saltfishmongers took place in the times of the Roses : their Common Seal stills bears 
the cross-keys of their fpatron the Fisherman ; and the Fire of London is an event of yes- 
terday in their annals. Other nations may have established a commerce as extensive and 
remunerative, but seldom has such a commerce been enjoyed for so long a duration. Of the 
foreign rivals of the Company domestic they had none by far the most formidable came 
from the sea-loving country of Holland, which at one period almost succeeded in taking the 
whaling trade out of British hands. A manuscript in the Harleian collection, bearing date 
1632, contains "A discoverie of the Hollanders' Trade of Fishinge, and the circumventing us 
therein ; the means how to make a profitt of the fishinge, by which they have made and yet 
doe reape soe greate a benefitt, with the profitt, honor and securitie that will redounde to his 
Ma tle and all sorts of subjects within his Ma t three kingdomes by it. Written by Sr. Wm. 
Munson, Knt.,sometyme Vice Admiral of England, and now in agitation togeather with his Ma u 
Letters Pattents for the Execution of the same." Ninety years later a Report upon the loss 
of the Greenland. fishery was drawn up by order of Sir John Eyles, Governor of the South Sea 
Company. Of the high value placed upon the trade as regarded both from the political and 
the commercial point of view, the following passage will enable us to judge : " Is it to be 
expected," says the author of the Parliamentary History, discussing the proceedings of the 
Scottish Parliament relatively to the Union, "that Holland will suffer us to improve our 
Fishery, which is their nursery for seamen, a livelihood to many families, and an immense 
treasure to the public ? " Such are some of the incidents which illustrate and enliven this 
characteristic portion of our national life ; nor is the interest of the study by any means con- 
fined to archaeological or historical details. On the contrary many questions relating to 
our fisheries are of vital and permanent importance to large masses of the population ; and the 
welfare of the classes employed in these pursuits, the means for extending the consumption 
of fish amongst the poor, the discovery of new fishing-grounds, the acclimatization of fresh 
species, the improvement of piscatorial implements and methods, and the establishment 
of Government vessels for the better instruction of fishermen, are but a few of the innumerable 
topics relative to these matters to be found in the columns of Parliamentary Reports. And 
when the reader has become familiar with the varied story and multiform relations of this 
deeply interesting branch of the animal kingdom alike in its] scientific and commercial 
aspects, he cannot do better than pay a visit to the lecture room of the Exhibition and there 
learn how the whole of this widely reaching literature and organization is but the preliminary 
step towards the much needed development of this valuable food for the teeming and ever 
multiplying millions of our poorer population. W. M. ADAMS, 

Formerly Fellow of New College, Oxford. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

Celebrated for their OILSKIIVS in all the 
Fishing: Districts of Canada, lYewibundland, 
Sweden, Norway, Holland, France, and the 
whole of the British Isles. 



Great Britain Divisions LVI1. LX.East Quadrant. 121 

DIVISION LVIL [East Quadrant.] See Plan, p. 102. 

Ancient fishing implements or their reproductions models 
pictures books emblems charters and seals of ancient fishermen 
guilds. 

994. DE CAUX, J. M., Great Yarmouth, " The Herring and Herring 
Fishery." 

994. FABER, G. L., Her Britannic Majesty's Consulate, Fiume. 
Bernard Quaritch, 15 Piccadilly, London, 1883. " The Fisheries of the Adriatic and the 
Fish thereof, with a systematic list of the Adriatic Fauna." One vol. 4to. ; engravings. 

9946. GIBBS, MISS FLORENCE M. Two China Hand-painted 
Plates. Salmon and Trout Flies. 

994c. GUNN, T, E., 47 St. Giles' Street, Norwich. Original Drawings 
of Norfolk Fish. 

995. OLSEN, O. T., Fish-Dock Eoad, Grimsby. Ancient and Modern 
Books on Fish and Fisheries. 

990. NEWTON & E SHELL, High Holborn, " The Caterer," &c. 

OQ6a. PRICE, P. E. B. 

997. SNOWDON, J. P., 59 Queen's Eoad, Saint John's Wood, London. 
Model of Izaak Walton's House, Fleet Street, London. About Year 1624. 

909. WHITSTABLE COMPANY OF FREE FISHERIES AND 
DREDGERS, in the County of Kent, known as " Whitstalle Oyster Company," Thomas G. 
Browning, Clerk, Whitstable. Act of Incorporation 1793, and the Seal of the Company. 

1001. WHELDON, JOHN, 58 Great Queen Street, W.C. Works on Fish 
and Fishing. 

1002. ACHESON, JOSEPH, Ballyara Park, New Boss, Co. Wcxford. 
Wood Carving representing a Hunting Scene in India. 

DIVISION LX. [East Quadrant.] See Plan, p. 102. 
Reports, statistics, and literature of fish, fishing, and fisheries. 

1003. ARNOLD, JOHN WILLIAM, 9 Park Street, Deal. Essay or 

Treatise on Drift Net Fisheries, Tides, Fish Haunts in certain weather, Fishery Harbours, &c. 

1004. BARNETT, JAMES, Kirk wall, Orkney. Map of the Orkney and 
Shetland Islands, and East Coast of Scotland, showing the necessity for increased telegraphic 
communication with fishing stations in Orkney and Shetland. 

1005. BATES, W., Publisher, "Land and Water," 176 Fleet Street, E.G. 
(1) Copies of "Land and Water." (2) Vols. of "Land and Water." (3) Frame of Prints, 
Casts of Fish, &c., Fishing and other subjects. 

1006. CAPEL, CHARLES CECIL, Cray Fishery, Foot's Cray, Kent. 
Books and Pamphlets on Pisciculture for sale or presentation. 

1007. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS OF, 
Burghley House, Stamford. (1) Books of Fishing. (2) Cornelius Gesnivus de Piscibus 
et Serpenter, Lib. 4, A.D. 1558. (3) Salvitanus de Piscibus. 1554 A.D. (4) L'Histoire Naturelle 
de la Lithologie et la Conchy biologie. 1742 A.D. (5) Monro structure of Fishes. 1785 A.D. 
(6) Marc Eliezer, block drawings by hand, an original copy rebound. 1797 A.D. (7) Ald.ro- 
vandus de Piscibus et Coetis. A.D. 1638. (8) Kodoletius de Piscibus. 1554 A.D. (9) Listan 
Historia Cochlearia. A.D. 1678. 

1008. FISHERY BOARD FOR SCOTLAND, Edinburgh. Twelve 
Years' Annual Keports to Parliament of the Fishery Board for Scotland, 1870 to 1881, inclu- 
sive, bound in one volume. 

loop. FORSTER, D. & W. H., Ashbottrn, Derbyshire. Book, "The 
Scientific Angler." 2nd edition, just published. 



issuing. liiaia-tuuuer .Laneo. jb'ne 

Leather .. ,, ,, Delivery and Suction Hose. 

Cotton ,, ,, Steam Hose. 

Patent Cerofllum ,, "Woven Canvas Hose (Seamless). 

India-Rubber Sheet, Valves, Buffers, "Washers, Tubing, Packing, 
mats, Cords, Tyres, Squeegees, &c. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 
ITSTDIA. - 



Contractor* to the Admiralty, the War Office, Metropolitan Board of Work*, and London 

Metropolitan Police. 



122 Great Britain Division LX. East Quadrant. 



1010. GRESHAM ANGLING SOCIETY, Mason's Hall Tavern, 

Mason's Avenue, Basinghall Street, E.G. Volume of Pamphlets, being essays on Angling 
and kindred subjects (read before the Society) at its meetings. 

1012. HARDING, CHARLES W., Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., King's Lynn, 
Norfolk. Report on the Smelt Fisheries. 

1013. HOLDSWORTH, E. W. H., 40 Pall Mall, London, S.W. (1) One 
8vo. Volume, " Deep-Sea Fishing and Fishing Boats." An account of the practical working 
of the various Fisheries around the British Islands, with Illustrations and descriptions of the 
Boats, Nets and other gear in use. (2) " British Industries Sea Fishing." 

1015. INSPECTORS OP IRISH FISHERIES, Dublin Castle, 
Dublin. A Map of Ireland, scale, 1 inch to the mile, showing by colours the rivers and lakes, 
salmon fishery districts, mouths of rivers and estuaries as defined within which certain modes 
of fishing are prohibited, sites of fixed engines and stone weirs, parts of rivers or coast affected 
by bye-laws, tidal and fresh-water boundaries, oyster beds, herring, mackerel and lobster 
grounds, places within which trawling and trammel nets are prohibiied, boundaries and head 
quarters of Coast Guard divisions. 

1016. KNOWLES, JAMES, Cambridge. Books on Fishing, including 
Dr. Day's Works on India and Ceylon ; his British and Irish Fish ; besides a series of Works 
on Angling and Trout Fishing. 

1017. LOVELL, MATILDA SOPHIA, Catke Abbey, Derby. "The 
Edible Molluscs " of Great Britain and Ireland, with Recipes for Cooking them. 

1919. MACKENZIE, W., 69 Ludgate Hill, London, E.G. Books: 
" British Fresh- Water Fishes," by Houghton, with coloured and plain illustrations by Lydon. 

1020. OLSEN, T., Fish-Dock Road, Grimsby. (1) Piscatorial Atlas. 
(2) Fisherman's Almanac, Seamanship, Signal System, Practical Navigator, Piscatorial 
Atlas. 

1022. CHOLMONDELEY-PENNELL, H., 5 Cadogan Terrace, 
S.W. "The Angler-Naturalist," " The Book of the Pike," " The Modern Practical Angler," 
" Fly-Fishing, Float-Fishing, and Trolling," " Fishing Gossip," " Pamphlets on Fish, Fishing, 
and Fisheries." 

1023. LOW, SAMPSON, MARSTON & CO., Publishers, 188 Fleet 
Street, London. (1) Bound Volumes of Fishing Gazette for 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882. (2) 
Specimens of the Weekly Number of the Fishing Gazette. (3) Notes on Fish and Fishing, 
by J. J. Manley, M.A. (Book.) (4) "Angling Literature." By O. Lambert. (Book.) (5.) 
Float-fishing, and Spinning in the Thames Style. By T. M. Martin. (Book.) (6) " Trout 
Fishing in Rapid Streams." By R. Cutcliffe. (Book.) 

1024. SATCHELL, W., 19 Tavistock Street, Covent Garden, London, 
W.C. The " Bibliotheca Piscatoria," by T. Westwood and T. Satchell on small and large 
paper. " My Life as an Angler," by W. Henderson, Cheap edition. Also other editions. 
" Flees and the Art a' Artyfichall Flee Making." by W. Aldara, containing the real flies. 
"Angler's Note Book." The Green Series. "The Secrets of Angling," by J. D. Edited by 
T. Westwood. 1613. "Citations touching on Fish and Fishing from Old English Authors," 
by T. Westwood and T. Satchell. " The Chronicle of the Coinpleat Angler," by T. Westwood 
and T. Satchell. " Dame Juliana Barnes's Treatyse of Fysshyng," by T. Satchell. Also Older 
form of the same, printed for the first time. 

1025. SMITH, JOHN, Beighton House, Winchester Koad, Kilburn. 
" The Complete Angler, or Contemplative Man's Recreation," by Izaak Walton and Charles 
Cotton, with original Memoirs and Notes by Sir Harris Nicolas. Pickering's two- volume 
edition of 1836, with 60 fine engravings and 60 India proofs, after designs by Stothard and 
Inskipp ; further illustrated with about 5000 drawings, etchings, engravings, photographs, 
autograph letters, &c., &c. Bound into 41 volumes, imperial quarto ; nearly the whole of the 
plates, &c., inlaid, and all the letterpress. The collection commenced in 1841, and ended 1883, 
by John Smith. 

1026. TRENT CONSERVATORS' BOARD. Map of district under 
jurisdiction of the Trent Conservators. 

See No. 1023. DIVISION 60. CLASS VI. 

THE BEST JOURNAL FOE ANGLERS IS THE 

FISHING GAZETTE 

Which is also the Best Medium for Advertisements addressed 
to Anglers. 

OFFICE: 12 & 13, FETTER LANE, E.G. 



Great Britain Division LXL East Quadrant. 123 



1027. TULLOCH, C., 12 Randolph Road, Maida Hill, W. Accounts of a 
Trawler. (2) Accounts of a Drift Boat. (3) Work on Sea Fishing. 

1028. WILKINS, FREDERIC, C.E., 55 Poland Street, London, W. 
" Wrecks and Drowning," price Is., a pamphlet classifying the causes from which 8,000 lives 
are annually lost at sea, and 8,000,000 worth of property, with suggestions for preventing these 
evils. With other important information. 

I028. BERNEY, GEORGE DUCKETT, Morton Hall, Norwich. 
Essay, in manuscript. " Short account of an Expedition to the Continent, undertaken in 1852, 
for the purpose of introducing into England several species of Fresh-water Fishes at that time 
unknown to it viz. : Golden Tench, Pond Loach, Scaleless Carp, Eoyal Carp, Sly 
Silurus." 

19286. FRYER, C. E., Home Office, S.W. Reports, Tables, and Map, 
relating to fisheries : prepared by, or in connection with, the Fisheries Department of the 
Home Office. 

I028c. WOODS, W. FELL, Gorse House, Forest Hill, S.E. Paper in MS. 
(read 1872) " On the Reproductive and Larval States of the Oyster." " Letters on Oyster 
Fisheries," &c., by W. Fell Woods, 1877. (See No. 726c.) 

DIVISION LXI. [East Quadrant.] See Plan, p. 102. 

Reports on Acclimatization of Fish and of attempts in the 

direction. 

I02Q. CHAMBERS, W. OLDHAM, F.L.S., Hon. Secretary to the 
Norfolk and Suffolk Fish Acclimatization Society, Lowestoft. Keport of the Norfolk and 
Suffolk Fish Acclimatization Society Patron H.K.H. the Prince of Wales ; President. E. 
Birkbeck, Esq., M.P. showing the attempts that have been made to acclimatize food fishes in 
the waters of East Anglia. 

I02pa. NATIONAL FISH CULTURE ASSOCIATION, President, 
the Marquis of Exeter, Chairman. Sir J. G. Maitland, Bart. Secretary, W. Oldham Chambers, 
F.L.S. Reports of the Deutscher Fischerei Verein, and of other Fish Cultural Associations. 
Report of the Berlin Exhibition, &c. 

10296. YOUL, I. A., O.M.G., Waratah House, King's Eoad, Clapham Park. 
History of the Introduction of the Salmonidae to the Antipodes, by Arthur Nieves. History of 
the Introduction of the Salrnonidse to the Antipodes, by Dr. Levi and Sickeiron. 

OBJECTS EXHIBITED IN THE GROUNDS. 

1030. EXETER, THE MOST HONOURABLE THE MARQUIS 

OF, Burghley Park, Stamford. Skeleton of a Whale, 60 feet in length. 

1031. PRIMROSE & COMPANY, Sheffield. Conservatory Aquarium 
(Glazed on Patent System). 

1032. UNITED ASBESTOS COMPANY, 161 Queen Victoria Street, 
E.G. Indestructible Paint Building. 

1033. POST AND TELEGRAPH OFFICE. 

1034. CLARK, BUNNETT & CO., Limited, Engineers, Bathbone 
Place, Oxford Street, London. (1) Model of Smith's Hydraulic Dredging Plant. (2) Work- 
ing Model of Hydraulic Fish Hoist. (3) Fire-proof Iron Landing Sheds. (Clark's Patent 
Self- Gripping Crabs.) 

1036. WILLESDEN PAPER COMPANY'S Fisherman's Cottage. 

1038. HUMPHREYS, J. C., Albert Gate, High Eoad, Knight sbridge. 
Fishermen's Cottage, living Eoom and two Bedrooms, furnished ready for use, including all 
necessaries, the whole to be erected complete in any part of the United Kingdom for the sum of 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON. 

Contractors to the Eii^-Il^H Government fbr 
OILSKIIST CLOTIIIIVG}>; as worn for Suto- 
marine, Mining?, and. Torpedo Works; also fbr 
their latent Finish OILSKIN KIT BA.O, as 
introduced l>y them, and adopted ibr the 
British Array. 



124 Great Britain Objects Exhibited in the Grounds. 

150. It is to show an economical way, and how cheaply fishermen can be comfortably housed, 
no matter how wild or stormy the coast. The cottage will also be useful for coast guard 
stations, life-saving stations, &c. It can be erected complete in any part of the United 
Kingdom in one month, or packed and sent abroad for re-erection. 

1039. ANGLO-NORWEGIAN GUANO, PHOSPHATE & ISIN- 
GLASS CO., Limited. Dash wood House, New Broad Street, E.G. (1) Samples of 
Isinglass. (2) Samples of Cod Liver Oil. 

1041. ENGINE HOUSE. 

1042. EXTENDED TRAWL NET. 

1043. LONDON STEREOSCOPIC COMPANY. Subjects issued : 
(1) Her Majesty the Queen. (2) The Prince of Wales, Tell the Fishes He's the Queen's 
Son." (3) The Opening Ceremony. (4) General View of the Various Divisions, its Courts 
and Trophies. (5) Groups of Scotch Fisherwomen. (6) Groups of Belgian Fisherwomen. 
(7) Groups of Dutch Fisherwomen. (8) Groups of Naval Volunteers. (9) Groups of Austro- 
Hungarian Sailors. (10) The Baroness Coutts' Fish Dining Saloon. (11) The Net Makers 
at Work. (12) The Fish Kitchen. (13) A " Monster of the Deep " (with arms 30 feet long). 
(14) The Prince of Wales' Pavilion, Exterior and Interior. (15) The Eira Boat and the Dog 
" Bob." (16) The Grace Darling Boat and Oar. (17) Group of Scotch Fishermen. (18) 
Group of Irish Fishermen. (19) The Diver in Garden. (20) The Great Walrus. (21) Group 
of Sea Lions. (22) The Chinese Pagoda. (23) The Picture Vestibule. (24) The Vestibule. 

1044. SIEBE, GORMAN & CO., Diving Apparatus in Large tank. 
Also collection of Relics of the Deep in a special building. 

KELICS OF THE DEEP. 

I044. EASTERN TELEGRAPH CO., LIMITED, and THE 
EASTERN EXTENSION, AUSTRALIA AND CHINA TELEGRAPH 
COMPANY, LIMITED. (1) Specimens of New Cable. (2) Specimens of Cable picked 
up after lying for years at great depth, showing submarine growths. (3) Specimens of Cable 
showing damage caused by Submarine Borers. (4) Coral picked up in Straits of Malacca 
during cable repairs in 1880. (5) Feather Star Fish picked up on the Coast of Banjoewangie 
in 1880. (6) Piece of rock picked up by S.S. " Chiltern " in Indian Ocean. (7) Two 
specimens of Sea Snakes over 40 inches long, found on Batavian Cable whilst repairing. 

LENT BY MRS. SAMUEL KNIGHT. Model of one of the Guns of H.M.S. 
a Eurydice," made by Mr. Farrell, Master Rigger of Portsmouth Dockyard, from portions of 
the wreck, and presented to the Exhibitor. 

1045. SHIPWRECKED FISHERMEN AND MARINERS' HOME. 

Under the auspices of the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Koyal Benevolent Society. 
A Day Home and place of enquiry and resort for Fishermen, &c., of all countries visiting the 
Exhibition. 

1046. MANUFACTURERS' AND MILLOWNERS' ASSOCIA- 
tion. Incorporated by special Act of Parliament (44 & 45 Viet. cap. 203) for the purpose of 
assisting manufacturers, millowners, and others to comply with the provisions of the Rivers' 
Pollution Prevention Act. Collective Exhibit of Models for purifying the discharge from lead 
and copper mines, paper mills, tanneries, china clay, and other works, and specimens of the 
discharge as it flows from those works, and as, after treatment, it enters the stream, with 
specimens also of the clays and other substances extracted in the course of the treatment. 

1047. KNOWLES, W., 53 Moscow Road, Bays water. Model of a Frigate. 
I047. ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, Hanover Square, London, W. 

(1) Greater Black-backed Gull (Larus marinus). (2) Lesser Black-backed Gull (Larus 
fuscus). (3) Herring Gull (Larus argentatus). (4) Common Gull (Larus canus). (5) Black- 
headed Gull (Larus ridibundus). (6) Gannet (Sula bassana). (7) White Pelican (Pelicanus 
onocrotolus). (8) Flamingo (Phcenicopterus antiquorum}. (9) Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa 
lapponica). (10) Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), by Capt. Salvin. (11) One or Two Water 
Tortoises or Terrapins. (12) Crab-eating Kacoon (Procyon cancrivorus). (13) Coypu Rat 



(The Celebrated Sunbury Wall Decoration.) 

EIGHT PRIZE MEDALS. 

HIGHEST AWARD WHEREVER EXHIBITED. 

Head Office and Works: SUNBURY -ON -THAMES. 

Show Rooms 9, BERNERS ST., LONDON, W. ; and at CRYSTAL PALACE. 
SOLD BY ALL FIRST-CLASS UPHOLSTERERS AND DECORATORS IN THE 

UNITED KINGDOM. 
The above material U fixed in the First and Second Class Refreehmeat Boom*. 



Great Britain Objects Exhibited in tlie Grounds. 125 

(Myopotamus coypus.) (14) Common Seal (Phoca vitulind), by the Committee. (15) Beavers 
(Castor canadbnsis), by the Marquis of Bute. 

1048. SEVERN FISHERY BOARD. J. W. WILLIS BUND, Chairman. 
Nets (MoveaUe.) (1) Clenching Net. This net is used chiefly in floods to take fish that have 
found their way into any ditch or backwater. It is one of the most poaching nets used. (2) 
Eel Net. These nets are fixed across the river in the summer and autumn to catch eels, 
migrating seawards. They fish the middle of the river, the bottom line on the bed of 
the stream, the top a few feet below the surface, so as to let the rubbish pass over. 
They are only used when the water is high and discoloured. (3) Beating Net. Net used 
by fishermen in the freshwater. It is fastened round a bush or tree, and the water inside 
the net beaten with poles, the fish trying to escape get caught in the net. It is a trammel 
or armoured Net. (4) Lave Net. Net used by fishermen used in the estuary to take salmon 
on the sands in the shallow water. (5) Shrimp Net. Net used on the sands for taking 
shrimps and small fish. Nets (Fixed). ' (6) Stop Net. Net used in the tidal portion of the 
river. Fish ascending or descending the river strike against it. The string is pulled, 
and the fish caught in a bag. (7) Sprat Nets. Nets fixed to stakes in the tidal part of 
the river in the autumn and winter months to take sprats coming down on the ebb tide. 
Fixed Engine. (8) Putchers. Engines used in the Bristol Channel for catching Salmon. 
They are fixed in certain places in ranks, and the tide forces the fish into them. (9) Putts 
No. 1. These Putts are used at the Count Rocks, Oldbury, Gloucestershire, for taking salmon, 
shrimps, and various kinds of fish. The smaller fish get carried by the tide into the narrow 
part of the Putts. The large fish are prevented passing the Putts, and generally found in 
pools near them, (10) Putts No. 2. These putts are used on the mud near the New Passage 
Gloucestershire, for taking shrimps, small soles and sea fish. Occasionally salmon are taken 
in them, but only under exceptional circumstances. (11) Weels used on the apron of Weirs 
for taking Lamperns. Lamperns ascend the river in large numbers in the autumn and winter 
during a fresh, and then baskets are placed on the Weirs with their mouth down stream, and 
the lamperns find their way into them. (12) Eel Putchons. These are the ordinary eel 
baskets that are baited and placed in the river during the spring and summer months for eels. 
(13) Hard Weels. Large baskets in which eels and lamperns are kept alive until sold. (14) 
Coracles. Boats used on the Upper Severn and Welch Kivers by the fishermen. (15) Model 
of Trunk or Well Coat. The usual mode of keeping fish alive is by placing them in one of the 
wells. Fish Passes. (16) Plan and section of Fish Pass at Glenhafron on the Severn ; 
example of a Pool Pass. (17) Plan and section of Fish Pass at Milford near Newtown, 
Montgomeryshire. (18) Plan and section of Fish Pass at Penarth Weir on the Severn. 
(19) Plan of Fish Pass at Powick Weir, Worcestershire. (20) Plan of Grating at Abertanat, 
Montgomeryshire, to prevent fish descending Canal. (21) Model of same. (22) Plan of 
Grating at Brinfield, Shropshire. (23). Old Plan of the Fixed Engine in the Severn Estuary 
before 1865. (24) Photograph of an ancient mode of fishing declared illegal in 1861, carried 
on at Dolanog, Montgomeryshire, on the Verniew. 

1049- THOMAS, E. C. G., National Club, Whitehall. (1) Model of 
Harbour for fishery purposes, consisting of a floating breakwater or outer harbour, as an 
anchorage at all times of tide and weather ; an inner harbour with wharves, the sea walls so 
placed as to form a well-defined entrance, and constructed in such a form as to admit additional 
wave water, and thus make the outgoing tide completely overcome the incoming one in its 
action on the bar at the mouth of any river or creek. This action, aided by the automatic 
submarine dredge, permanently sweeps away the bar and prevents it from reforming. (2) 
Model of Greenway Breakwater sheltering a lighthouse, and giving access to them at all times. 
Thus preventing the chance of the starvation of the men and extinction of the lights as almost 
occurred recently at three of the most important lighthouses Calf, Wolf, and Eddystonel 
(3) Model of Greenway Breakwater as supplementing existing harbour works, protecting the 
existing stone piers, and thus obviating the necessity for frequent repairs as at Wick (where 
the sea overturned a massive coping of 800 tons in one block), Plymouth, &c., creating an 
additional outer-anchorage. (4) Electric Motor Wave Apparatus and Tank, for showing the 
action of waves in motion on the Greenway Breakwater, with Model of Fishery Harbour and 
Lighthouse protected by the breakwater. 

1050. RIVERSIDE DANISH MILITARY AND PISHING TENT 
(next to Flamingo Pond). 

1051. ALLEN, EDWARD ELLIS, 111 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea. Fisher- 
man's Cottage constructed on new principle of corrugated iron or zinc, with wood lining. 

1052. PARRETT, Forest Hill and Brockley. Kustic Arbours, &o. 

1053. MOLONEY, CAPTAIN ALFRED, C.M.G., Westerford, Church 
Road, Richmond, Surrey. (1) Native Fishing Pot from Lagos, West Africa. (2) Scoop for 
bailing out Canoe. (3) Fishing Line of native manufacture, with specimen of fibre of which 
made, and stone substitute for sinking lead, Lagos, Gold Coast Colony, West Africa. 



126 Great Britain Division I. Cornwall County Committee. 

1054. GROSSMAN, JAMES H., 31 Curzon Street, Mayfair, London, W. 
Dr. Howard's 4-Wheeled Ambulance. J. U. Burt & Co., 23 Swinton Street, Gray's Inn Road, 
Patentees. The vehicle is supported mainly on the two hind wheels, with very elastic springs. 
On the right of the floor of the ambulance is a couch, the frame of which is supported on four 
elliptical springs, the top of the couch is in the form of a stretcher or litter, which slides in 
and draws out in grooves and on rollers fixed to the frame. The top or stretcher portion can 
be drawn out and carried to the bedside to receive a patient, and then can be slid into position 
on -the frame of the couch without shaking the patient. On the left hand inside of the 
carriage is a seat for an attendant, but it is removable, so that if two patients are required 
to be conveyed at once, a stretcher (part of the equipment of the vehicle) can be suspended 
in the loops of four straps, fixed in position for that purpose parallel with the couch, and the 
attendant can ride with the driver. There is also an iron bar provided, to fix on the rear of 
the ambulance on a level with the woodwork in front, to form a resting place for the ends 
of two ordinary police stretchers, so that in case of need, four injured persons could really be 
conveyed to the hospital. 

Exhibited in the Conservatory of the Eoyal Horticultural Gardens. 

10540. HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN. State Barge. Built of oak, 
in the Reign of James I. Rows 21 oars. Length 63 ft. 

1055. JOHNSON, W. Fishing Boat " Neptune," in which the Exhibitor 
sailed from Drontheim in Norway to London Bridge in about 20 days, over a course of 
], 000 miles. 

1056. BARRY & CO., 70 and 71, Bishopsgate Street, London. Full-sized 
Patent Davits and Chocks. 

1057. EARLSWOOD AYSLUM, Red Hill, Surrey. Model of a Steam 
Ship, resembling the "Great Eastern," made by an inmate. Length lift. Gin.; width. 
3 ft. 9 in. ; height, 8 ft. 6 in. 

CLASS I. 

DIVISION I. 

CORNWALL COUNTY COMMITTEE. 

320. JAMES, C. J., Newlyn. Herring Net (hand-made). 

32&. MURRISH, J., Newlyn. Pilchard Net (hand-made). 

32c. KITCHEN, H. F., Newlyn. Trammel (hand-made), invented by 
Exhibitor. 

32d. HUMPHREYS, WILLIAM, Newlyn. Foot Rope Nets (hand-made). 

32e. RICHARDS, HY., Mousehole. Fly Net (hand-made). 

32/. COX, JOHN, Cadgwith. (1) Seine for rough ground. (2) Seine 
for catching fish at a great distance from land. 

32*7. CLIMO, JOSEPH E., Fowey. (1) Trammel. (2) Eed Mullet 
Net. (3) Salmon Net. (4) Shrimp Net. (5) Hoop Net. (6) Three specimens of Cured 
Nets. (7) Bolter. (8) Card containing thirteen sizes of hooks. 

32^. KITTO & SONS, Porthleven. (1) Mackerel Net, machine-made, 
(2) Herring Net, ditto. 

32. GEORGE, J. B., St. Mawes. Seine for catching fish at a great 
distance from land. 

33;. NAUTILUS CLUB, Penzance. (1) Case of hand-line fishing gear. 

32k RASHLEIGH, E. W., Kilmarth, Par. Two Cases of Old-fashioned 
Fishing Gear. 

The best and Uneapest. first ti>tuuiii>iieu o-uo. 



NEAVE S 
FOOD 



FOR 



INFANTS 

.A-HSTID 

INVALIDS. 



IN ONE- POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
SOLD EVERYWHERE. WHOLESALE OF THE MANUFACTUKERS, 

JT. It. WEAVK iV Co., 



Great Britain. Divisions II. , 111. Cornwall County Committee. 127- 

32/. DAVIES, JAMES, Newlyn. (1) Keg Buoy, for .. floating drift nets. 
(2) Can Buoy, for ditto. 

32m. BADCOCK, THOMAS, Newlyn. Deep-Sea Fishing Line. 

32n. HILLS & HONEY, Port Isaac. (1) Ground Line for Cod, Ling, 
&c. (2) Ground Line for Whiting, Gurnard, c. 

320. HAZELAND, S. S., Fowey. (1) Patent Treble Swivelled Rowlocks. 
(2) Patent Self-feathering Oar. 

32p. OLVER, D., Looe. Old-fashioned Binnacle. 

32?. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro. (1) Tangles. (2) Dredge. 

32r. NICHOLAS, J., Land's End. Cowel for carrying fish. 

32s. WALLIS, W., Newlyn. (1) Cowel for carrying fish. (2) Tuck 
basket for taking fish out of seine. 

32^. PAYNTER, J., Bocastle. (1) New Method for catching Crabs, &c. 
(2) Model of Boat davits. Own invention. 

DIVISION II. 

32w. CHARD, JOHN, Falmouth. (1) Crayfish Pot. (2) Eel Pot. (3) 
Wrasse Pot. 

32v. GEORGE, M., Land's End. Models of Lobster Pots. 

32w. CLIMO, J. E., Fowey. Lobster and Crab Pot. 

320;. KERKIN, J., Mevagissey. (1) Lobster Pot. (2) Store Pot. (3) 
Crab Pot. (4) Wrasse Pot. 

32y. COLLINS, LEONARD, Port Isaac. Two Crab Pots. 

32*. THOMAS, JAMES, Porthleven. Crab Pot. 

DIVISION III. 

$2aa. BLEWETT, JOHN, Newlyn. Model of Lug Sail Boat, adapted for 
drift fishery. 

32ab. ROBERTS, HENRY, Mevagissey. Model of Lug Sail Boat, adapted 
for drift fishery. 

32ac. GEARD, MRS., Newlyn. Model of Mount's Bay Fishing Lugger, 
with nets. 

32ad. MANN, WILLIAM, Newlyn. Model of Mount's Bay Fishing 
Lugger, with nets. (Cut out with knife shown in case.) 

32ae. WILLIAMS, WILLIAM, Mousehole. Model of Land's End Seine 
Boat, with follyer. 

32/. PEZZACK, WILLIAM, Newlyn. Model of Mount's Bay Seine Boat, 
with cock boat. 

32ag. HALY, E., Falmouth. Model of Falmouth Trawler. 

32ah. RASHLEIGH, E. W., Kilmarth. Case of Models of Ancient and 
Modern Fishing Boats. 

3201. MITCHELL, ROBERT, Port Isaac. (1) Two Half Models of 
Fishing Boats suited for beaching. (2) Pilchard Driver. (3) Crabber and Cod or Ling Boat. 

32ak. RICHARDS, B., Penzance. Siamese Twin Canoe. 

32al. ORCHARD, WILLIAM, St. Austell. Photographs of Mevagissey. 

32m. GIB SON, J v Photographer, Penzance. Photographs of boats, 
scenery, &c. 



INCUBATORS Patronised JyJOJ.JHE^PRlNC^OF WALES. 



FOE 
HATCHING OUT 

CHICKENS 



The Eggs placed in one of these Incubators are turned night and 
morning and maintained in a regular temperature of 104. Fresh air 
and moisture are provided, and the Chickens hatch out strong and 
healthy by the 21st day. Prices range from 3Os. upwards. The 
larger patterns are made self-heating and self-regulating, and do not 
( require more than 5 minutes' attention night and morning. 

Guide Books to the System, Is. each ; by post, Is. 2d. 

ALL THE YEAR, j THOS, CHRISTY < co,, i&5, FENCHURCH ST., LONDON, 



128 Great Britain Divisions V.-XX1X. Cornwall County Committee. 

DIVISION V. 

32rt. STEPHENS, J., & SON, Aslifield, tfalmouth. (1) Sample Baltic 
atid Manilla Hemp, various makes and sizes ; Steel and Iron Rope, galvanised and ungalvanised, 
showing sections (in case). (2) Tarred Manilla Trawl Warp, suitable for North Sea Fishing; 
(3) Sample of Flexible Steel Wire Rope for Bolt Rope, galvanised. (4) Sample of ditto 
ungalvanised. 

DIVISION VI. 

32ao. VIVIAN, MACKENZIE, Tuckingmill, Camborne. Hand Capstan 
for Fishing Boats. 

32p. DUNN, MOSES, Mevagissey. Anchor. 

32<?. CLIMO, J. E., Fowey. Improved Pickaxe Anchor. 

32ar. HEWITT, SIR HAROLD, Bart., Salcomhe, Devon. Patent Collap- 
sible Anchor. 

32s. CHARD, JOHN, Falmouth. Patent Grapnel (teeth unscrew). 

32*. HAYNE, JAMES, Port Isaac. Model of Floating Anchor with Oil 
Can (for smoothing water) and drag attached. 

DIVISION XXI. 

32ow. HICKS, WILLIAM, Looe. Hand-knitted Frocks and Hose. 
320. PEEL, MRS., Trenant Park, Duloe. Hand-knitted Guernsey Frocks. 
32^0. COTTON, MISS, Newlyn. Hand-knitted Guernsey Frock. 

. GUY, JAMES, Newlyn. Fishermen's Sea Boots. 

. BO STOCK, F., London. Porpoise-hide Boots. 

DIVISION XXIII. 

. OLVER, D., Looe. Model of Fisherman's Cottage. 
. THOMAS, J., Land's End. Model of Longships Lighthouse. 

DIVISION XXV. 
. ROWE, JAMES, Mousehole. Model of Pilchard Curing House. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

y2.bc. PERRY, W. T. L., Penzance. Case containing : (1) Marinated Pil- 
chards. (2) Pickled Pilchards. (3) Smoked Pilchards. (4) Kippered Hake. 

32W. SULLIVAN, ANTHONY, Newlyn. Quarter Hogsheads of Fair- 
maids. 

3260. CORNISH SARDINE COMPANY, Mevagissey. (1) Two-dozen 
boxes of Cornish Sardines. (2) Two : dozen boxes of Pilchards in oil. 

DIVISION XXIX. 

32&/. SULLIVAN, A., Newlyn. (1) One quart bottle of Pilchard Oil 
refined. (2) One quart bottle of Pilchard Oil in crude state. 

32fy. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM, Polperro. Half-pint bottle of Oil sam- 
ples, showing how much Oil can be produced from certain weights of liver in the following 
fish : Torpedo Kay, Common Kay, Ling, Conger Eel, Dog Fish, Cod. 

WATERPROOF DRIVING 

APRONS AND KNEE RUGS, 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.d 



Great Britain Division XL VI. Cornwall County Committee. 129 

DIVISION XL VI. 

32bh. LAUGHRIN, WILLIAM. Polperro. (1) Barnacles in Spirit. (2) 
Lepas Fascicularis. (3) Lepas Autifere. (4) Teredo Worm. (5) Wood bored by the Teredo 
Worm. (6) Wood Piddock (Hylophaga Dorsalis). (7) Two cases of Crustacea, containing 
100 kinds, all English, found on the coast of Cornwall. (8) Sturgeon 7 ft. long, weight J cwt. 
(9) A Paper on the Growth of Barnacles on Ships' Bottoms and Floating Logs. 

Acting Agent for Cornish Committee, 
J. BENNETT, ESQ., 

150, Vauxhall Bridge Road, 
London, S.W. 



THOMPSON'S 

SMOKELESS KILN AND OVEN CO., Llm d 

76, COLEMAN STREET, E.G. 



One of this Company s Patent Gas Ovens is used 
daily in this Exhibition by 

MESSRS. BERTRAM AND ROBERTS, 
REFRESHMENT CONTRACTORS, 

in whose Kitchen it may be seen in operation. 



APPLY AS ABOVE. 
K. 



( 130 ) 

ISLE OP MAN. 

(See Plan, p. 76.) 



THE Isle of Man is an island in the British Seas, 35 miles long and about 12 miles at 
its greatest breadth, containing an area of about 350 square miles, and a population of 
53,492 souls. The island enjoys the advantages of Home Rule. It has its own legislature, 
its own judicature, and an independent revenue. There are five ports in the island from 
which fishery operations are mainly conducted, viz., Douglas, Ramsey, Peel, Port St. Mary, 
and Port Erin. Peel is the most important of these ports. The town of Peel possesses 194 
first-class boats, measuring 5,044 tons ; 170 of these boats are supplied with full trains of 
mackerel and herring nets, and represent a total capital of 750 a boat, or 127,500. The 24 
other boats are supplied with only a herring train, and represent a capital of 550 each, or 
13,200. Peel has about 35 second-class boats, representing 200 each, or 7,000. The 
total capital embarked in the fishery at Peel is therefore 147,700. 1,727 men and boys 
are employed in the fishery. Port St. Mary, with the adjacent ports of Castletown and Port 
Erin, is the next most important. It contains 101 boats, representing a tonnage of 2,095 tons, 
with a capital of 80,800, and employing 787 men and boys. In addition, 10 boats manned 
by two men each, are employed in the southern ports of the island lobster fishing, and earn 
500. These boats are principally engaged in the spring and early summer in the Kinsale 
mackerel fishery ; in the summer and autumn, in the home and Irish herring fishery ; and 
in the winter, to a certain extent, in the] long-line fishery ; but they also go to Scotland and 
various parts of England. The earnings of the Peel boats are said to amount to Kinsale 
mackerel fishery, 42,000 ; Herring fishery, 40,000 ; Long-line fishery, 1,500 total 83,500. 
Placing the earnings of the Port St. Mary boats at the same proportion, they would amount 
to 40,500. The port of Douglas contains 11 first-class boats, 15 second-class boats, and 9 
third-class boats, having a total tonnage of 333 tons, employing 119 men and boys, and 
valued at 2,800. The larger of these boats are trawlers, and work between Liverpool and 
the island. Ramsey has 90 boats engaged in the fishery, with a tonnage of 609 tons, 
representing a value of 10,306. and employing 219 men and boys. The principal fishery 
here is the long-line fishery for cod, which extends from the beginning of October to the 
end of May. In October, November, April, and May, it is conducted in small open lug-rigged 
boats manned by 5 men ; during December, January, February, and March, the fishery is 
conducted in deep sea-fishing boats yawl-rigged, with 50 feet keel and of 50 tons burthen. 
The cod fishery thus occupies the time of the Ramsey fishermen for eight months out of 
every twelve. During the summer months four of the cod boats are engaged in fishing for 
conger on the west of the island, four of them go to Kinsale, while 64 boats, each manned by 
only one man, are engaged in fishing for mackerel. The statistics of the Ramsey fishery may 
be summarized as follows : Number of boats, 90 ; tons, 609 ; men and boys, 219 ; value, 
10,306. The yield of the Ramsey fishery is as follows : 1. Open cod boats, 1,560 ; 2. 
deep sea boats, 5,760 ; 3. Mackerel fishery, 1,344; 4. Eels, &c., fishery, 720 ; 5. Kinsale 
fishery, 1,200 ; 6. Miscellaneous, lobsters, &c., 300 total, 10,884. The capital, therefore, 
embarked in the fisheries of the Isle of Man is as follows : 1. Peel, 147,700 ; 2. Port St. 
Mary, Castletown, &c, 80,500; 3. Ramsey, 10,306; 4. Douglas, 2,800 total, 241,306. 
The people employed in fishing in the Isle of Man are as follows : 1. Peel, 1,727 ; 2. Port St. 
Mary, Castletown, <fcc., 787 ; 3. Ramsey, 219; 4. Douglas, 119; 5. Lobster fishing, 20 total, 
2,872. The yield of the Insular fisheries may be computed as follows : 1. Peel, 83,500 ; 
2. Port St. Mary, Castletown, &c., 40,500; 3. Ramsey, 10,884; 4. Douglas, 5,000; 5. 
Lobster fishing, 500 total, 140,384. In round numbers, therefore, some 250,000 is 
embarked in the fishery, while the returns are about 140,000 annuaUy. Assuming that 
10 per cent, is required annually to replace the capital, and repay the interest on it, 115,000 
is available for division among the 2,870 men and boys employed, or 1 a week for each man 
and boy for 40 weeks during .ach year. These figures do not, however, represent the whole 
value of the fisheries to the island. It will be readily understood that the fisheries indirectly 



Great Britain Division I. Isle of Man. 



131 



support a considerable number of persons who are engaged as boat builders, net makers, or in 
other ways for supplying the fisheries ; the boats which are built in the Isle of Man for the 
herring fishery are probably the finest and best found in the world ; 700 people, at the very 
lowest estimate, are employed in these industries. While out of a total population of rather 
more than 53,000, 2,870 men and boys, representing 11,000 people, are engaged in fishing, 
700 other people, men, women, girls, and boys, representing say a population of 2,000, are 
employed in industries dependent on fishing; 13,000 people out of a population of 53,000, are 
thus either directly or indirectly dependent on fishing for their livelihood. The Insular 
Government have of late years spent large sums of money in improving the harbours o 
the island. It is at the present moment improving the harbour at Peel, with the special 
object of improving the fishing industry, at a cost of 24,300 ; and it is constructing a new 
breakwater at Port St. Mary, at a cost of 15,580. Plans of these harbours are at the 1 
Exhibition. The Insular Government is also spending considerable sums of money in harbour 
works at Ramsey, Port Erin, and Douglas. There is no other portion of Europe, and with 
the exception of Newfoundland, there is probably no other country in the world where so 
large a proportion of the population is dependent on fishing for their livelihood. Great 
Britain is usually supposed to have the most important fisheries in the world. In Great 
Britain probably 100,000 men (say 400,000 people with their families) earn their livelihood 
by fishing ; and one person out of about every 75 is thus dependent on the fisheries. In the 
Isle of Man one -person out of every five depends on fishing for his daily bread, and one 
person out of every four is directly or indirectly dependent on fishing for a livelihood. 



LIST OF EXHIBITS FBOM THE ISLE OF MAN. 

CLASS I. SECTION I. 
FISHING. 

[SEA FISHING.] 
DIVISION I. 

Gear of every description, and of all nations used in trawl, heiring, 
long line, hand line, and every other mode or system of fishing, 
including all nets, lines, hooks, harpoons, tackle, &c., employed in 
the same. 

CORRIN BROTHERS, Net Manufacturers, Peel. (1) Two Barked 

and mounted Herring Nets. (2) Two Barked and mounted Mackerel Nets. (3) One White 
unmounted Herring Net. (4) Two White unmounted Mackerel Nets. (5) Two White 
unmounted Mackerel Nets. (6) Two White unmounted Mackerel Nets. (7) Three Hanks 
of Thread. 

GOLDSMITH, HENRY, Eamsey. (1) One "Mudlag" or Buokie } 
Creel for bait catching. (2) One Sand Eel or Gibbon Grip. (3) One Pair of " Corran Gib- 
bon" or Sand Eel Sickles. 

JOUGHIN, JOHN, Net Manufacturer, Peel. (1) One Cotton 
Mackerel Net, mounted and ready for use. (2) One Cotton Mackerel Net, plain in web. (3) 
One Cotton Herring Net, mounted and ready for use. (4) One Cotton Herring Net, plain 
(5) Three Cotton Herring Nets, plain. (6) One Pilchard Not. 




E' 



<DWARD SMITH'S 

NEW CHORAL SING- 
ING TOP is, without doubt, the 
most wonderful top ever in- 
vented. It plays most beau- 
' tiful chords and harmonies, 
which can be instantly changed 
without stopping or in any way 
im]>eding the motion of the top. 
Children are amused with it for 
hours. It is of most simple construction. Price, in box, 
2 1. 4d., post free. Grand Illustrated Catalogue of Toys and 
Games sent post free to any part of the world, < stamps. 
JCWAKD SMITH, The City Toj Shop, S.Cheapside, B.O. 



NO MOSE SCISSOES TO GEIND, OH ! 

EDWARD SMITH'S 

NEW SCISSOR SHARPENER, Regd. 

Is the wonder of the age. It will pnt a better ed*e on a 
pair of scissors in ten seconds than any grinder can iu tea 
minutes, and it will never wear out ; the directions are 
moat simple ; it does not wear away the scissors in th 
least ; no household should be without one. My Scissor 
sharpener will be found not only useful but a perfect 
boon. In nrat lox, with full direction,. Post Free, 2/3. 

, The City Toy Shop, 8, Chepid, E.O. 

K ^ 



132 



Great Britain Divisions III., IV. Isle of Man. 



KNOX, WILLIAM, Douglas. Net Sinkers, of a composition that 
will not rust or corrode the net or ropes. 

LOONEY, EDWARD, Eamsey. (1) One Balk or long line for cod- 
fishing, barked, -with " mollag," or buoy, and hair " thow," or buoy rope. (2) One Fluke or 
Shore Line. (3) One Whiting Line. (4) One Mackerel Line. (5) One Scallop Dredge. 

MOORE, THOMAS, C. S., Net Manufacturer, Peel. (1) One Piece 
of Mackerel Net, full mounted. (2) One ditto, plain white, as taken off loom. (3) One Piece 
of Herring Net, full mounted. (4) One ditto, plain white, as taken off loom, 50-9 ply yarn. 
(5) One ditto, plain white, as taken off loom, 18-4 ply yarn. 

QUALTROUGH, EDWARD, Net Manufacturer, Port St. Mary. 

(1) One Cotton Mackerel Net, complete, showing method of mounting, roping, tanning, &c. 

(2) One Cotton Mackerel Net, showing manufacture and quality. (3) One Cotton Herring 
Net, complete, showing method of mounting, roping, tanning, &c. (4) One Cotton Herring 
Net, showing manufacture and quality. (5) Ivory Netting Needle used for mending nets. 

QUANE, C. B., Douglas. Two Horsehair Lines for hand fishing, 
similar to those formerly used by the Manx fishermen. 

DIVISION III. 
Fishing craft of all nations ; models and representations of the same. 

i. Steam fishing vessels and steam carriers 

ISLE OF MAN STEAM PACKET COMPANY. Models of their 
steamers : (1) " Mona's Isle," 330 x 38 x 15. Gross tonnage, 1,500. Indicated horse-power, 
4,500. (2) " Ben-my-Chree," 310 X 31 X 13'6. Gross tonnage, 1030. Indicated horse-power, 
2,300. (3) " King Orry," 260 x 29 x 14-6. Gross tonnage, 813. Indicated horse-power, 1800. 
(4) " Snaefell," 250 X 29 x 14-6. Gross tonnage, 785. Indicated horse-power, 1800. (5) 
" Fenella," 200 X 26 X 15'6. Gross tonnage 518. Indicated horse-power, 1000. 

DIVISION IV. 

ii. Fishing Vessels and Boats other than Steam Vessels 

BRAYDON, THOMAS, Eamsey. Model of 24 feet open Cod Boat, 
scale 1 inch to foot, with sails and equipment complete, mounted on bog-oak stand. 

GRAVES, HENRY, Boat Builder, &c., Peel. Model of an elliptical 
stern " Dandy " rig Fishing-boat, 50 feet keel and 16 feet beam; scale inch to the foot. 
This rig is rapidly superseding the class of boat for many years used in the Isle of Man, 
known as " Nickeys," or lug sail boats, none of which are being built at present. The 
Exhibitor supplies a large number similar to the model, but varying in size from 44 to 50 feet 
keel, to the South and West Coasts of Ireland, and in their construction and the home trade 
employs at times from 80 to 100 men, including carpenters, joiners, sail makers, rope makers 
block makers, shipsmiths, &c. 

HARRISON, RICHARD, Port St. Mary. Model of Manx Fishing- 
boat, with lifting decks to show inside fittings, built on scale, framed and planked. 

LUCAS, KELLOR, Eamsey. Model of Bahama Lightship, Kamsey 
Bay. 

QUALTROUGH & CO., Ship Builders, Douglas. Half-model of 
Fishing Boat, of 50 feet keel, 15 feet 6 inch beam, and 8 feet 6 inch depth, Dandy rig. Price 
with sails, anchors and chains complete, 500. 

QUALTROUGH, JOSEPH, Ship Builder, Port St. Mary. Model 
of Fishing Boat, 48 feet keel, 14 feet 6 inch beam, depth of hold 8 feet, framework oak, outside 
plank pitch pine, iron capstan, lugger rigged, cost 370 complete; scale J inch to the foot. 

WATSON, T v Ship Builder, Peel. (1) Model of Lug Kigged Fishing 
Boat. (2) Model of Dandy Rigged Fishing Boat. 

Specially suitable for Sportsmen, as it combines 
perfect ventilation, with absolute pro- 
tection both to the wearer 
and the Gun. 



tffi 





MAKERS, 

QUEEN VICTORIA 8T,,LONDON ; E,C, 
ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON. 



- Great Britain Divisions V.-XLV1. Isle 6f Man. 183 

DIVISION V. 
Ropes and canvas suitable to fishing vessels. 

GRAVES, HENRY, Hope Manufacturer, &c., Peel. Samples of 

Ropes used for mackerel fishing, the largest being the hauling rope, the medium, the sole, or 
that used at foot, and the smallest at top of net ; also sample of coil of Manilla rope used in 
rigging Dandy-rigged fishing boat. 

MOORE & SON, W. F., Sail Cloth Manufacturers, Tromode, 
Douglas. Seven Bolts, first quality, from No. 1 to 7, all long flax sail-cloth, and specimens of 
the tiax from which the sailcloth is made, showing the various processes through which it passes 
from its growth to the manufactured state. 

QUIGGIN & Co., Rope Manufacturers, Douglas. (1) Samples of 
Eope, 60 fms., 5 inch tarred Manilla trawl rope, 4 strand. (2) One Coil Manilla Top Eope, same 
as supplied for Kinsale Fishery. (3) One Coil Manilla Sole Eopes, ditto. (4) One Coil Manilla 
Stoppers, ditto. (5) Four Coil Manilla Spring Backs, ditto. 2| in., 2 in., 2J in., 2 in. (6) 
Fifty fathoms 4-in. Manilla Swing, 4 strand. (7) One Coil 4-in. Bolt Eope, for fishing vessels' 
sails. (8) One Coil tarred Manilla Trawl warp, 60 fms. 5 in., 4 strand. 

DIVISION VI. 

Steam and hand capstans, compasses, barometers, telescopes, 
lights, lamps, fog horns, systems of signalling at night for fishing 
fleets and vessels, electric lights, luminous paint, and other equip- 
ment of fishing vessels, charts for fishermen. 

HENDRICK, EDWARD, Douglas. Steam Capstan Engine for 
Fishing boats. 

KNOX, WILLIAM, Douglas. Steam Capstan for Fishing boats, 
complete, fitted in boat. 

CLASS II. 
ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHERMEN. 

DIVISION XXI. 
Apparel and personal equipment. 

KNEALE, WILLIAM HARDY, Ramsey. (1) One Pair " Lough- 
tan" Woollen Trousers, undyed, hand-spun and woven. (2) One Pair "Eussett" Woollen 
Trousers, undyed, hand-spun, and woven. (3) One Coat and Vest of Manx make, navy blue 
cloth. (4) One " Plucked wool " hand spun and woven Jersey. (5) One " Clipped wool " hand 
spun and woven Jersey. (6) One " Cuiieid Lliiabbe," or sleeping-rug, used at sea by Manx fisher- 
men. Double twisted yams. Double warp and weft, hand spun and woven. (7) Manx 
Ensign. - 

CLASS V. 
NATURAL HISTORY. 

[AQUARIA.] 
DIVISION XL VI. 

Specimens living (marine and fresh water), fresh, stuffed or pre- 
served, casts, drawings, and representations of 

(e) Mollusca of all kinds and shells not included in Class III. 

GOLDSMITH, H., Ramsey. (1) Specimens of Mudlag, or Buckles, 
or Whelks. (2) Specimens of Scallops. (3) Specimens of Sea Urchins. 

India-Rubber Belting. India-Bubber Lined Fire Hose. 
Leather .. ., ,, Delivery and Suction Hose. 

Cotton ,, " Steam Hose. 

Patent Cerofilum,, "Woven Canvas Hose (Seamless). 

India-Bubber Sheet, Valves, Buffers, Washers, Tubing-, Packing:, 
Mats, Cords, Tyres, Squeegees, &c. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, &^NDER^8ON L 
- RTJBBER, 



Contractors to the Admiralty, the War Office, Metropolitan Board of Works, 

Metropolitan folice. 



134 Great Britain Divisions XL VIIL-L VILIsle of Man. 

DIVISION XL VIII. 
(cf) Worms used for bait, or noxious ; leeches, &c. 

KERMODE, P. M. C., Ramsey. (1) Specimens of Lug Worm. (2) 
Specimens of White Worm. 

DIVISION LI. 

(7f) Fish of all kinds. 

GOLDSMITH, H., Ramsey. Fork beard Fish. 

DIVISION LIIL 
(m) Aquatic and other birds hostile to fish or fishing. 

KINVIG, T. H., Castletown. Stuffed Specimens of (1) Great 
Northern Diver. (2) Large Cormorant. (3) Tufted Cormorant or "Shag." (4) Guillemot 
(5) Puffin. (6) Channel or Eazor Bill. (7) Black back Gull. (8) Sea or Herring Gull. 
(9) Golden Eye Garrotts. (10) Pochards. (11) Wild Goose. (12) Mallard. (13) Wild 
Duck. (14) Maganza Duck. (15) Widgeon. (16) Heron. (17) Sheldrake. (18) Ganncts. 
(19) Burgomaster Gull. (20) Curlew. (21) Pacific Curlew. (22) Kitty wake (Gull.) (23) 
Coot. (24) Oyster Catcher. 

CLASS VI. 

HISTORY AND LITERATURE OF FISHINGFISHERY LAWS- 
FISH COMMERCE. 

DIVISION LVII. 

Ancient fishing implements or their reproductions models 
pictures books emblems charters and seals of ancient fishermen 
guilds. 

CRAINE, JOHN, Publisher, Ramsey. Messrs. Poulton's Photo- 
graphic Views of Manx Marine Scenery. 

DEAN, G. A., Photographer, Douglas. Coast and Lighthouse Views 
of Isle of Man. 

INSULAR GOVERNMENT. Plans of Insular Harbours. 

LEWIS, ABEL, Photographer, Douglas. Marine Views of the Isle 
of Man. 

MOORE, A. W., ESQ. 3 Charts, showing result of Meteorological 
Observations. 

TELLET, F. S., L.K.Q.C.P.L., Ramsey. (1) Great Britain's Coasting 
Pilot, being a new and exact survey of the Sea Coast of England and Scotland by Captain 
Green vile Collins, Hydrographer in Ordinary to the King's Most Excellent Majesty, London, 
MDCCLXIV. Vide Pepys' " Diary." (2) Map of Harwich, dedicated to Samuel Pepys, Esq., 
Secretary of Admiralty of England, President of Y Koyall Society, and Maister of Y Trinity 
House, of Deptford, Stroud. (3) Map of Y e . Isle of Man, with view of Peel Castle, dedicated 
to Y e Kt. Hon. William Earl of Derby, Lord of Y c Isle of Man. (3) A Protection of a Har- 
pooner in the Greenland Trade, March 19th, 1778. 

Secretary in charge of Collection, 

C. T. TOWNSHEND. 

~ TIDMAN'S SEA SALT, 

FOR PRODUCING A SEA BATH IN YODR OM ROOM. 
Patronised by the Royal Family. 

Sold. Everywhere, in Ttntsa and TJoxc*. 



INDIAN, CANADIAN, AND COLONIAL. 



CONTENTS. 



PAdK 

137 

CANADA 156 



BAHAMAS IGOc 



CEYLON 163 

GOLD COAST COLONY 2 66 

HELIGOLAND , 

. . loo 

JAMAICA 170 

NEWFOUNDLAND 171 

NEW SOUTH WALES ....... 176 B 

SAINT LTJCIA . . . ... . . . -j^g 

STRAITS SETTLEMENTS lgl 

TASMANIA t 184 



INDIA. 

(See Plan, p. 140.) 



IN a tropical country, such as India, the economic value of well-stocked fisheries depends 
greatly upon two considerations. First whether a sufficient local demand for fish exists, which 
will yield a fair remuneration to the fishermen for their outlay on the necessary gear and 
labour in securing the finny tribes. Secondly, provided such demand is insufficient, whether 
facilities are present which will enable them to send their surplus captures in a marketable 
condition to more distant localities. 

Consequently it becomes necessary first to observe upon what proportion of the people of 
India and Burma consume fish as food, or rather are able to do so without infringing caste 
prejudices. In the Punjab comparatively few of the inhabitants are thus prohibited, although 
Brahmans and the rural population in some places reject it, but among the residents of hilly 
districts and towns its consumption is only limited by the paucity of the supply and the 
cost of the article. In the North-West Provinces, Haiderabad, Mysor, and Coorg, more than 
half the population are permitted by their religion to consume fish. In Oudh the majority 
can do so. In Sind nearly all except the Brahmans ; in Bombay by far the largest proportion 
of the people ; in South Canara 89 per cent. ; in Madras the majority, the exceptions being 
Brahmans, Goldsmiths, high-caste Sudras, the followers of Siva, Jains, &c. ; in Orissa more 
than half the people ; in Bengal proper from 90 to 95 per cent. ; in Assam and Chittagong 
almost the entire population, and in Burma in the form of Nga-pse its use is universal. 

In investigating how the local markets were supplied with fish up to 1873, the replies 
from native officials gave the following results. In the Punjab one in ten markets were 
sufficiently supplied, in the North-West Provinces one in three, in Oudh one in four. In 
Bombay the amount was stated to be insufficient in all and the same reports came from 
Haiderabad, Mysor and Coorg. In Madras, near the sea, the quantity of fish was sufficient, 
but only in one out of the ten inland markets. In short merely one-tenth of the bazaars were 
reported as fully supplied with fish, and of these one-fifth obtained them from the sea-coast. 

The fishermen in several parts of India, more especially in the Madras Presidency, 
have customs of a patriarchal character, which are more strictly adhered to on the Coromandel 
than on the Western coast, but they appear to be falling into disuse. In Madras there are 
three classes of headmen, the superior or priestly, whose office is hereditary, and he exercises 
control over large tracts of country; the next is likewise hereditary, his jurisdiction being 
limited to a few towns and villages. Tihe lowest form is elective, and he is over one village or 
street. 

The sea-fishermen in olden times are stated to have been divided into two distinct classes 
(1) Those who captured fish in the sea beyond their own depth ; and (2) those who fished from 
the shore or in the backwaters, and were more immediately concerned in fish-curing and fish- 
vending. Kemains of these two classes are still existing in Ganjam and elsewhere, but 
generally the deep-sea fishermen have taken to the cheaper mode of plying their occupation 
close in-shore. 

The condition of the sea fishermen in Sind about ten years since, when investigations were 
made, showed that they were fairly well off; miserably poor in Bombay, except in the vicinity 
of large towns ; in a prosperous condition from South Canara down the Western coast of the 
Madras Presidency, but once round Cape Comorin they again appeared as a poverty-stricken 
race of people, and continued so up the Coromandel coast, except when residing near large 
centres of population. 

The sea-board of India and Burmah extends for about 4,611 English miles, and the seas 



138 



India. 



are much more abundantly stocked with fish than are those of Europe, consequently it appears 
strange why the majority of the sea-fishermen should be badly off, considering the almost 
unlimited inland market for fish which exists. A long investigation led to the conclusion 
that the fisheries were in a depressed condition wherever salt was expensive or the employment 
of untaxed salt-earth prohibited, as in Bombay, along the Coromandel coast of Madras and the 
Bay of Bengal. That they were flourishing where salt was cheap or the use of untaxed salt- 
earth permitted, as in Sind, the Western coast of Madras and Burma. That where untaxed 
salt-earth could be obtained the superior quality of salt was rarely purchased for fish curing. 
That (with the exception of Sind and Burma) where the use of salt-earth was prohibited, the 
fish-curer had to dry his fish in the sun, or purchase monopoly salt, while the sole way to keep 
down the cost of this latter description of cured fish was to pay the very lowest possible price 
for the fishermen's captures and employ a minimum amount of salt. 

Prior to considering the incidence of the salt tax upon the fish curers' and fishermen's trade, 
I would draw attention to the following figures, which show, as far as returns are available, the 
amount of salted and dried fish exported by sea from Indian ports. The value is given in 
pounds sterling, calculating 1 rupee at 2 shillings. 





Five years 
ending 


From Sind. 
Value in . 


From S. Canara. 
Value in . 


[From Malabar. 
Value in . 


From Coromandel 
Coast. 
Value in . 






1857-58 


8,472 


No returns. 


No returns. 


No returns. 






1862-63 


13,064 


> ?> 


26,272 


J 






1867-68 


18,725 


6,969 


48,207 


1,753 






1872-73 


22,944 


14,921 


90,849 


4,513 





The duty on salt in Sind has been 2s. a maund of 82f Ib. avoirdupois, sometimes less, 
during the entire period comprised in the above table. The first great increase in salting fish 
occurred in 1860-61, in which year the salt duty was raised in Bombay from 2s. to 2s. Qd. a 
maund. The next spurt of this trade in Sind was in 1864-65, when the salt duty was again 
raised in Bombay from 2s. 6d. to 3s. a maund. Possibly the importations into Bombay from 
Sind would subsequently have been more, but Government decided in 1867 to admit all salt 
fish from foreign ports, where no salt duty exists, into British India free of duty, to the immense 
advantage of the Portuguese settlements and the Meckran coast, but completing the ruin of 
Indo-British fishermen and fish-curers unless they were advantageously located. 

The following table from different districts on the west or Malabar coast of Madras shows 
the annual sale of Government or monopoly salt, along with the value of the salted and dried 
fish which were exported by sea : 







South Canara. 


Cannanore. 


Tellicherry. 


Travancore and 
Cochin. 








Fish. 


Salt 


Fish. 


Salt 


Fish. 


Salt 


Fish. 


Salt 






Years. 


Value 


sold. 


Value 


sold. 


Value 


sold. 


Value 


sold. 








in. 


Maunds. 


in. 


Maunds. 


in . 


Maunds. 


in. 


Maunds. 






18631864. 


1,057 


191,002 


96 


11,653 


1,459 


72,505 


5,416 


728,268 






18641865. 


3,036 


168,279 


219 


7,932 


1,504 


57,516 


6,052 


643,897 






1865 1866. 


875 


184,174 


11 


9,856 


194 


62,135 


7,061 


672,370 






18661867. 


1,124 


151,113 


12 


9,728 


1,825 


57,381 


7,337 


497,988 






18671868. 


875 


174,629 


303 


8,721 


2,011 


56,502 


7,803 


558,766 






18681869. 


JLU 


176,465 


520 


9,045 


4,319 


63,340 


7,130 


573,639 






18691870. 


2,053 


147,173 


4,340 


8,807 


5,839 


72,616 


6,096 


574,119 






1870 1871. 


3,927 


136,967 


1,470 


7,932 


5,301 


57,624 


5,833 


693,389 






18711872. 


2,845 


177,482 


695 


12,008 


5,340 


88,674 


6,987 


577,268 






18721873. 


6,980 


135,839 


951 


6,985 


8,429 


77,332 


? 


? ' 





The above table shows that the amount of annual exports of salt and dried fish in 
Western India had very little if any connection with the quantity of monopoly salt which was 
disposed of, the explanation being that the people were permitted to use the salt-earth in the 



India. 



preparation of fish as in accordance with a legal decision the natives were free to collect this 
salt-earth for their own consumption. Previously three maunds of fish required 4s. worth of 
monopoly salt for its cure, but 4c?. worth of salt-earth was found sufficient for this purpose. 
The article produced was inferior, but it was brought within the reach of the poor. It was 
proposed to impose a tax of a little more than 3s. 6d. a maund (E. 1 13 annas) on this salt- 
earth. 

The salt tax in Madras in 1858-59 stood at 2s. a maund, but has been raised as follows : 
1859-60 to 2s. Qd., 1860-61 to 3s., 1864-65 to 3s. 4Jd, 1869-70 to 4s. 1875 to 6s., but it is now 
again reduced to 4s. But in Madras some facilities are now being given to the salting of fish. 

Fresh-water fisheries differ in many material respects from marine ones, and wherever any 
quantity of water is present in the East there we are almost certain to find fishes, and this from 
a sea-level to nearly the summit of the highest mountains. As a natural consequence fishing 
is carried on in rivers, irrigation canals, tanks, ditches, inundated fields and swamps. The 
fishermen of the fresh waters are divisible into two main classes ; first such as follow this 
calling as their sole means of livelihood, and secondly such as engage in it only occasionally 
and as a subsidiary occupation. Of the first class, even within the limits of a single or at least 
of a few generations, great innovations have crept in, for in the time of native rule fishing was 
in the hands of distinct castes, but now it is only here and there that one comes across some 
remnant of these people, who still restrict their means of livelihood to this industry. Britisli 
rule in most places has given up taxes on fishermen, and in many districts fishing rents as well 
consequently there are few large contractors who are lessees for lengthened periods of such 
properties, and it is no one's business to prevent undue depletion of fisheries. In some districts 
the fisheries, or a portion of them, are declared free, but a licence tax is imposed on fishermen. 
Or the general public may take fish for home consumption, but not for sale. Or liberty is given 
for everyone to help himself as he likes, where he likes, and when he pleases. 

At first the public, pleased at the remission of rents and the removal of restrictions, 
employ redoubled energy, and thus augment their immediate profits, the markets become 
glutted, but soon the price declines. After two or three years fish become scarcer, fishing is no 
longer remunerative, and the misapplied energy eventuates in nothing but small fish remaining 

Among the artificial causes deleteriously affecting fisheries in many districts are irrigation 
works, which are formed by throwing a weir across a river and diverting a large amount of 
water down a main irrigation canal. Fish migrating down rivers pass into these canals 
where considerable falls exist, but they can never reascend to the river. Thus these canals 
become enormous fish-traps, wherein all the finny tribes are destroyed whenever the canals 
are run dry in order to see what annual repairs are required. Similarly all fish passing into 
the side channels, which are generally flooded every alternate week, become killed, as no refuge 
tanks are in connection with these canals. Sometimes irrigation is carried on by means of 
diverting entire rivers into paddy fields, in which case all the fry they contain perish. 

As soon as young fish are moving about, or shortly after the monsoons have set in, men, 
women and children obtain myriads of fry from paddy fields and every sheltered spot to which 
they have retired for shelter and security. Nets which will not permit a mosquito to pass are 
employed ; the sides of rivers are denuded of fish so far as human agency can contrive it. 
The agricultural population construct wickerwork traps, baskets and nets, first placed so as to 
entrap the breeding fishes ascending to their spawning grounds, and subsequently reversed to 
take them descending to the river. Streams are absolutely strained to capture the fry, and 
every irrigation channel has its wickerwork trap. These devices are too numerous to describe. 

The minimum size of the mesh of the nets employed in fresh waters is exhibited in the 
following return : 





Return 
from 


Size in inches between knot and knot in meshes. 




1 


M 
M 


| 


i 


1 


i 


* 


* 


A 


A 


A 


A 


91 native^ 
officials 5 


5 


5 


18 


5 


24 


1 


5 


18 


4 


2 


3 


i 



140 



Indict. 



EAST 



A R C A D 



III 




"~l. 




Q 
< 



cc 
< 








H 
co 
< 


L 


, . , ,r 




u 


jlil CA 


TAMARANS /^\SALT-PANS STAKE NETS || | 


Q STUFFED FISH j 







C H 0N A 


INDIA 

-MATURAI , , 




ICE NATURAL 



^IETS (CORALS! 
HELLS I FISH I 



STRAITS- Z 

] 5 | F.8H | TRAPS JHSH^q 

g-SETTLE- 

Qj {MOOELSJ MODELS }cuRTosiTiEs{ 



-MENTS 



PRESERVED FISH MODELS I 

I MODELS | CUR | OS |T| 

ESERVED FISH JNETS LINE S | NETS | CURIO 1' T ' 



FISH EATING 



BIRDS 




And out of 70 more returns 53 officials compared the size of the mesh to a grain of wheat, 
mothi, mucca, gram, dholl, lamp-oil seed, barley, tamarind seed, a small pea, a peppercorn, a 
large needle, a bodkin, quill, coarse muslin, will ensnare a gnat, or hardly anything will pass. 

The meshes of nets vary with the season of the year and the growth of the fish. Rivers 
are dammed and diverted for fishing ; waters are poisoned for this purpose, and many other 
plans are pursued which want of space will not permit me to enumerate. 

FKANCIS DAY. 

DIVISION I. 

GOVERNMENT OP BENGAL. (1) Nets, with floats, (a) Without 
sinkers. Tear. A Net 227 ft. long and 1 ft. 6 in. deep, with a mesh of 4 in. This net 
is used for catching Labeo rohita in large tanks or in still water. This net is from Motihari, 
Chumparun. (2) A fine Floating Net like the tear, with grass floats. It measures 8 ft. 5 in. 
long and 1 ft. 8 in. broad. It is called batajdl in Chittagong. (3) This net is similar to the 
tear of Chumparun. Its length is 150 ft., depth 8 ft. 4 in., mesh 6 in. (4) Another similar, 
measuring 92 ft. by 8 ft. (5) Another similar, measuring 328 ft. long by 4 ft. 8 in. deep, 
mesh 5 in. These nets are from Moorshedabad, where they are known as sarhi or palchi. 
(6) This is a Net of the same nature as the tear and sarJci and pahhi. It measures 61 ft. 
by 13ft., and the mesh is 2 -50 in. This net is called dhani or dholi jal in Nuddea. (7) A 
Net corresponding to the tear of Chumparun. It is called dakon jal in Nuddea. (8) A 
Net like the tear, made of cotton, and with a mesh of 0'75 in., 142 ft. long, and 3 ft. broad 
or deep. This is called audola in Cuttack. (9) Small Net of the same principle as 



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India. 



141 



G A 


L L E 

EAST A 


R Y 

R C A D E 




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NEPTUNES CORAL CUP 


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X I JT H" 


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> TRAPS 


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"jgSyko PARRELS* I 


l] |o| || | 1 ll 1 || | PRESERVED FISH | |JL < 





FRANCE TA 


SMA NIA N.S.WALES " g 








SK'INSJ SHELLS FISH &c.J 


^ p^TJ.* fj?.WELLJRY ' | 




'CHILI 


T^ Jj^l " CORALS 




[TINNED FISH SKINSJ 


1 1 1 ~ * | NETS- 


MODELS j SKINS 'STUFFED FISH ' SHEL^sl 


II J.r -r 


^^^P 




~-T~- 









tj V A 1 IN 








OTTERS 



SEALS 



WILSON BENNISION. SURVEYOR TO EXECUTJ.VE COM.MITTE 



as the fear, measuring 15 ft. 6 in. long and 2 ft. deep, and with a biesh of 1*75 in. It is 
called pasfe jdl, or side-net in the Nuddea district. (10) Kdbai Jdl. A Net 35 ft. long, 
1 ft. 4 in. deep, and with a mesh of 1 in. It is of the same character as the tear of 
Chmnparun. At Noakholly it is called the Jtabai jdl. (11) A portion of a Floating Net, 
measuring 7 ft. 6 in. long by 6 ft. 9 in. deep, with a mesh of 1 in. It is called sTioofo' jdl or 
vasha jdl in Chittagong. (12) Portion of a Large Floating Net, 18 ft. 3 in. long, 5 ft. 7 in. 
deep, and with a mesh of 1'50 in. At Chittagong it is called dolthanda. (13) A Net 460 ft. 
in length, 9 ft. deep. The mesh is 9 in., and is used for catching gochta fish, a large 
carnivorous fish found in the northern rivers of Behar and that prefers the colder waters from 
the Himalayas. The net is known as the gucliel in Patna. (14) A Float Net 500 ft. long, 
3 ft. 4 in. deep, and with a mesh of 4 in. It is called tewar in Patna. (6) (15) With sinkers. 
A Net of the same character as the tear of Chumparun. In Jessore it is known as the 
Ttai jdl. (16) A Floating Net of the same nature as the tear, measuring 127 ft. long and 
3 ft. 2 in. deep, with a mesh of 1*50 in. It is called arrahia in the Gya district. (17) Part 
of a weighted Drag Net with three long bamboo floats. It is known at Chittagong as Tier jdl. 
(18) Dewra. A Drag Net with a mesh of 1 in., and measuring 50 ft. by 24 ft. In Nuddea 
this net is called dowra jdl. (19) Part of a Drag Net and measuring 20 ft. by 20 ft. with 
cylindrical earthen sinkers and gourd floats, and with a mesh of 1*75 in. At Patna this net 
is called poupounree, and it is the equivalent of the dowra jdl of Nuddea. (20) Part of a Net 
like the pounree and dowra, but with a finer mesh than the former and with sJwla flbats. 
Size 16 ft. by 18 ft., mesh 0'75 in. It is called ghunny jdl in Patna. (21) Kachal. A 
Hempen Net with a mesh of 1'50 in., and measuring 49 ft. deep by 92 ft. in length. This 
net is chiefly used in deep rivers for the capture of hilsa, Clupea ilislia, one of the Clupeidse 
(herrings), which is famous for the rich flavour of its flesh, and frequents estuaries for the 
purpose of spawning. In Nuddea this net is known as the kachal jdl. (22) A net 99 ft. 



I he best and Cheapest. 

NEAVE S 
FOOD 



hirst tsiaoiisheu 



FOR 



INFANTS 



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IN ONE- POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
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142 India. 



long, 20 ft. deep, with a mesh of 1'25 in. It is called hatula in Cuttack. (23) A Net 
similar to the last, but made of fine cotton thread and with a mesh of 0'25 in. It measures 
90 ft. long and 17 ft. deep. It is known as pagie jdl in Cuttack. (24) Drag Nets, with pockets. 
A Drag Net 13 ft. deep and 19 ft. long with a mesh of 1 in. The following description 
accompanied the net : " It is stretched on a rope with the two ends prolonged, according to 
the breadth of the water. To the rope palm leaves are tied, which, twisting round the ropes, 
frighten the fish into the net. Some heavy substance, such as stones or bricks, is tied at 
proper distances on the lengthened ropes to sink them and steady the net under water." The 
net, however, is probably a combination of the chounti jdl of Patna, and the clianda of 
Nuddea, so far as the rope for frightening in the fish is concerned. It is called balar in Gya. 
(25) A Net dragged by two men along the beds of streams. It is 11 ft. 6 in. in length with 
a total depth of 5 ft. 5 in. It is used only to catch ground fish, and, in Patna, it is known as 
the chounti jdl. (26) A wedge-shaped net with a convex border for its base, the apex ending 
in a point to which a rope is attached. The total length of the net, in a straight line from 
the apex to the centre of the base, is 50 ft., and the breadth across the latter is 37 ft. It is 
made of hemp, and is called buchur in the Nuddea district. (27) A model of a Drag Net. 
The net is attached to a bow-like bamboo, which may be 7 ft. long. It is called maijdl in 
Chittagong. (28) A Net made of cotton thread, with a mesh of 0'50 in., a length of 
141 ft. 6 in., and a depth of 5 ft. 10 in. It is called ghai at Cuttack. (29) Shore Nets. 
Chella Jdl. A Net with a mesh of 40 in. and resembling a large hammock in form, the two 
sides being of unequal length, one measuring 65 ft. and the other 68 ft., the latter having 
59 floats of pur wood attached to it. All kinds of fish may be taken in this net, which in the 
Jessore district is known as the chellajdl. (30) A Net 12 ft. long and 4 ft. 10 in. to 6 ft. broad, 
stretched in its breadth between a bamboo at either end. It is called the dab jdl in Mozuffer- 
pore. (31) A Net 35 ft. long, 1 ft. 10 in. deep, and with a mesh of 0'50 in. It is called 
tengri in Gya. (32) A Bag Net made of cotton, and with a mesh of 0*75 in. The mouth is 

5 ft. 10 in. long and 1 ft. 7 in. broad, and the net is 3 ft. deep. Small fish and prawns are 
netted in it. It is called dhouri jdl in Patna. (33) Kati Jdl A Narrow Net 22 ft. 9 in. 
long and 2 ft. deep. It is known as the kati at Noakholly. (34) A Net resembling the kati 
of Noakholly. It is known at Puri also as the kathi, where it is used in freshwater fishing. 
(35) Without pockets. A Net resembling the kati of Noakholly, but without pockets. It is 
52 ft. 10 in. long, 2 ft. wide and 1 ft. deep. From Puri. (36) A Net resembling the kdtijdt 
of Noakholly, but without pockets. It is called kham jdl in Cuttack. Casting Shore Nets, 
with or without small pockets around margin. (37) A Conical Net 15 ft. long, the mouth when 
expanded having a diameter of 38 ft. This net is called khep in Motihari. (38) Another 
Net, the same as the khep of the Chumparun district, aiid known in Nuddea as khepla. From 
Nuddea. (39) A Casting Net like the khepla of Nuddea, and measuring 18 ft. in diameter. 
At Patna this form of net is called khopial. (40) A Casting Net made of fine cord and 
measuring 7 ft. 8 in. in diameter at the mouth, and with a mesu oil in. It is called cluiikijtil 
in Chittagong. (41) A Casting Net made of strong ocrd and measuring in diameter 

6 ft. 7 in., and with a mesh of 1'50 in. It is called dohon jdl in Chittagong. (42) A Cotton 
Casting Net like the khepla, 6 ft. 2 in. in diameter at mouth and with a mesh of 1 in. It is 
called jhakijdl in Chittagong. (43) A Casting Net like the khepla jdl, but without pockets 
at the margin. It has a length of 15 ft., a diameter of 12 ft. 6 in., and a mesh of 2 '50 in. 
From Puri. (44) A Net resembling the khep of Chumparun and the khepla of Nuddea, but 
with the net turned inwards all round the margin and looped up to form pockets, so that the 
fish cannot escape between the weights ; diameter 16 ft. 6 in., mesh 2 in. It is called khupiar 
or jdbree jdl in Mozufferpore. Bag-like Nets. (45) A Net made of a coarse but thin 
hempen cloth with an open woof, and woven specially for the purpose. Fry of all kinds 
are caught in this ingenious net. It is known as bod jdl in Nuddea. (46) A Net on 
the same principal as the bod jdl, but made of hemp cord with a mesh of 1'50 in. at the 
mouth and 0*50 in. at the end of the long narrow bag, known in the Nuddea district as the 
beutijdl. (47) This Net is of the same shape a.s the bod jdl, but is made of strong net with a 
mesh that varies in diameter and strength. It is known as bura jdl in Nuddea. Crocodile;-;, 
turtles, and large fish are caught in the net. (48) This is a Model of the Net called lilumtU 
jdl at Chittagong, and is sometimes 180 ft. in breadth. (49) A Long Purse-like Net, 

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25 ft. 9 in. in length, with a breadth of 9 ft. 10 in. at the mouth which has a length from 
before backwards of 8 ft. 10 in. The far end of the bag or purse is open, and has a 
diameter of only 11 in. It is called muna in Cuttack. (50) A Net 8 ft. 10 in. long and 2 ft. 
8 in. in breadth at the mouth and with a mesh of 0'50 in. It is called bandd jdl in 
Puri. Floating or fixed wedge-shaped Nets. (51) A Wedged-shaped Bag Net with a convex 
mouth and tapering almost to a point at its closed end. It measures 32 ft. along the mouth 
and 14 ft. in depth. The mesh is about 50 in. This apparatus is specially constructed for 
the capture of the mango fish or tupsee machee, Polynemus paradiseus, which is easily caught 
in the meshes of the net owing to the very elongated rays of its pectoral fins. It is caught in 
small numbers nearly all the year round, and is considered a great delicacy, but it is most 
abundant in June and July, when it enters the river in great numbers to spawn. From the 
24-Pergunnahs. (52) A Net, triangular in form, measuring 70_ft. along the base of the 
triangle. From Moorshedabad. The Bengali name is bans jal. (53) Screen-like Net. 
Consists of two parts, one of which is set across the current from bank to bank, and that part 
of the present net is 80 ft. long and 14 ft. deep. This net is known as kona jal in Nuddea. 
Purse-like Nets. (54) A Net resembling a purse pocket, and closed suddenly by means of a 
bamboo. The mouth is 29 ft. long, and when fully open ] 2 ft. broad, the depth of the net 
8 ft. 1J in. It is called khdrkijdl in Moorshedabad. (55) A Net on the same purse principle 
as the klidrki jal. It is called sangree in Nuddea. (56) A Purse Net exactly like the 
khdrki jal of Moorshedabad and sangree of Nuddea. It is called sooghel at Patna. (57) A 
Purse-shaped Net like the khdrki, 25 ft. long, 9 ft. deep, and with a gape of 6 ft., mesh 
1 in. From 24-Pergunnahs. Called fesha jdl. (58) A Purse-shaped Net like klidrki, 24 ft. 
long, 5 ft. 8 in. deep, and with a gape of 6 ft. 8 in., mesh 2 in. Used for catching hilsa, 
Clupea ilisna. Called sliangra in the 24-Pergunnahs. Nets on triangular frames. (59) A 
Triangular Conical Net fixed by its margin between two divergent bamboos which are kept 
apart and in position by a short cross bamboo below their point of junction. The net is from 
Motihari, where it is called bisri. (60) A Triangular Net of the same form nearly as the Usri 
of Motihari, measuring 21 ft. at the base and 13 ft. at the sides, with a mesh of 0'25 in. The 
net is called besali jdl in Nuddea, and in it are caught prawns and small fish. (61) 
Kesembling the bisri of Motihari, and used in the same way and for the same purpose. The 
net is called sitki in Nuddea. (62) A Triangular Net like the bisri of Nuddea, and 
measuring at the base 10 ft., the sides between 6 ft. and 7 ft., and mesh 25 in. It is called 
chitkijalin the 24-Pergunnahs. (63) A Model of a Net resembling the bisri, lout with a 
short pocket and a wide mesh. It is called ilsha jdl in Chittagong. (64) A Model of a Net 
resembling the bisri and besali. It is called tdnu or doka jdl in Chittagong. (65) This Net 
resembles the bisri of Chumparun in being stretched between two divergent bamboos tied 
together, but in its structure the net in having a basal pocket is like the luMjdl of Chittagong, 
and is worked from a boat. It is called tangu jdl in Chittagong. (66) A Model of the Net 
known as luhijdl in Chittagong. It is constructed in much the same way as the besali jdl. 
The model measures only 3 ft. along the side and at the base, but some nets have a base of 
45 ft. and a length of 36 ft. From Chittagong. (67) A Net of the same kind as the bisali 
in form, but made of string, with a very large mesh about 2 in. in diameter. Only large fish 
are caught in it, and its name at Patna is poute jdl or pounti jdl. (68) A simple Cotton Net 
stretched between a triangular bamboo framework and with a long pocket behind. It is known 
as the chipona jdl at Patna. (69) A Conical Net stretched on a triangular bamboo framework, 
the base measuring 19 ft. 2 in. and the sides a little over 11 ft. It is used for catching small 
fish only, and is called bisaree in Patna. (70) A Net resembling the bisri jdl of Chumparun, 
measuring 4 ft. 8 in. along the sides and from the apex to the base 6 ft. 8 in. It is accompanied 
with its basket, which is tied round the waist of the fisherman. It is called paloua jdl in 
Cuttack. (71) A Model of another Net resembling the tanu or doka jdl of Chittagong. 
It is called pelan jdl in Chittagong. (72) Thella Jdl. This resembles the bisri jdl of thd 
Chumparun district, but the net is not so loose. At Jessore it is known as the tliella jdl. 
(73) A Net made of Cotton and with a mesh of 0'50 in. and 1 in. at the sides. It is 
triangular in form. Large fish are caught in this net. In the Mozufterpore district it is 
called lahotreejdl. Nets worked on bamboo frames. (74) This is a Conical Net, which is used 
by means of a framework of six bamboos tied together at the apex, and kept in position by a 

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bamboo hoop about 4 ft. 9 in. below the apex. The net is from Motihari, and is called Jsurail. 
(75) A small Net, apparently on the same principle as the Jcurail of Motihari. It is known 
as poluha jdl in Puri. (76) A Conical Net with a mesh of 0'50 in., and measuring from the 
apex to the border 2 ft. 5 in. The mouth has a diameter of about 3 ft. It is called chain jdl, 
and is a miniature of the large net called burial in Chumparun. From Nuddea. (77) A 
Net of the same character as the chabi jal. It is called the paid jal in the Mozufferpore 
district. (78) A Net resembling the chabi jal of Nuddea, and known as poluha jal in Cuttack. 
(79) A Net 6 ft. 8 in. square, with a short pocket in its centre. It is on the same principle as 
the burial) chabi, &c., and is known as the dharamjdl in Cbittagong. (80) A hoop 1 ft. 4 in. 
in diameter, supporting a bag-like net 3 ft. in length, and tapering gradually to its lower end 
which can be opened and closed. There is a septum about 11 in. from the mouth with a 
narrow opening leading into the lower part of the bag, so that fish passing beyond it cannot 
find their way out. The mesh is 1 in. It is called chackjdl in Chittagong. (80a) Chatki Jal. 
A four-cornered Net measuring 4 ft. by 3 ft. 7 in. with a mesh of 1 50 in., and used for 
catching Mugil corsula. This net is called chatna jal in the Nuddea district, and around 
Calcutta it is known as the four-cornered net. (81) A Net 2 ft. 1 50 in. in diameter, tied 
around a bamboo hoop. It is used for catching small fish in tanks. It is called in the 
24-Per#unnahs cliabni in allusion to its roundness (82) A Landing Net with 3 in. mesh, and 
measuring in length 4 ft. 1 in. and a depth of 22 in. From Moorshedabad. Special Nets. 
(83) For the working of this net a complicated arrangement of long bamboos and a boat 
are required. This net is called Wiarajdl in the Jessore district. All kinds of fish are caught 
in it. (84) The fish generally caught in this net are Labeo calbasu, Cirrhina mrigala, Labeo 
rohita, Notopterus chitala, and large prawns. It is known as Icomarjal in the Nuddea district. 
(85) This is an Hexagonal Frame Enclosure defended above by nets, and with a deep bag- 
shaped net suspended to it internally. The fish pass in from up and down stream, and not 
being able to find their w T ay out try to clear the lateral screen, and in doing so fall into the 
saccular or pocketed portion outside the cross bars. As the net is in deep water it is worked 
by a boat. The mesh of the bag net is 1 50 in., and of the screen net 2 in. It is called tatree 
jal in Nuddea. (85a) Chand Jal. This Net is only used in shallow water and at night, and 
as it is frequently used in moonlight nights it is called chandjdl. Ground swimming fish are 
caught in it. From Nuddea. (86) A small Net made of the fibre of the stem of the leaf of 
the tar palm, Borassus flabelliformis. Only two kinds of fish are caught in it, viz., Ophio- 
cephalus marulius and Ophiocephalus etriatus. It is called fanshi jal in the Nuddea district. 
(87) A Net resembling the fanshi of Nuddea, 31 in. in length, and with a large mesh. It is 
called fansa in Puri. Deep Sea Nets. (88) A Y-shaped Bag Net measuring 21 ft. 7 in. 
from the apex to the middle of the mouth and 51 ft. 10 in. along the arms from the apex, the 
breadth between the extremities of the arms being 49 ft. The mesh around the apex 
measures only 0*50 in. and 2 '50 in. in the arms. This form of net is used with a catamaran. 
From Puri. (89) A large Deep Sea Net of a Y-shape, 537 ft. of each arm having a mesh of 
2 in. and a breadth of 190 ft. This net, which is not sent owing to its great size, resembled the 
smaller net also from Puri, but the bag was more pronounced. From Puri. Mats for catching 
Fish. (90) A Keed Mat used for catching Mugil corsula, a surface swimmer, found in thoals. 
This mat measures 28 ft. 3 in. x 8 ft. 3 in. It is called gaintijdl in the Moorshedabad district. 
(91) This raft is similar in construction to the gaintijdl of Moorshedabad and used for the same 
purpose. It is called burra sirkee at Mozufferpore. (92) A long, narrow Mat or Kaft made of the 
stems of the jute plant, Corchorus capsularis, Lin., or C. olitorius, L. The white bleached stems 
of the jute attract the fish, and they jump on to the mat, and as soon as they are on it the two 
men who propel the canoe on either end rapidly turn up the raft. It is called chota sirkee in 
Mozuiferpore. Fishing Traps made of finely -split bamboos. (93) Conical Hand Traps. A 
Conical Trap, 24 '50 in. high, its lower aperture having a diameter of 24 '50 in., and its upper 
opening, of 5 '50 in. It is made of split bamboos which are tied together round the hoop 
which constitutes the upper opening, about 5 inches below this point. It is only used 
in shallow water, and not unfrequently as many as forty or fifty persons men, women, and 
children work over a drying jheel. This kind of trap, instead of being conical, may assume 
a variety of forms, depending on the relative diameter of the hoops used to fix the split 
bamboos that radiate downwards from the upper opening. Some are perfectly bell-shaped, 

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ivhile others are much depressed bells of considerable width. This specimen is from Motihari, 
in the Chumparun district, and is the simplest form of this kind of trap, and there it is known 
as tapi. (94) A Conical Trap 2 ft. 1 ih. in diameter at the base, and 5 '50 in. at the upper 
aperture, and having a height of 1 ft. 10 in. The workmanship of this is superior to any of 
the other traps of this kind, and the shape is rather elegant. It is called polo in the 
24-Pergunnahs. (95) A Conical Trap resembling the tapi of Chumparun and the polvi of 



(97) The next' example is an illustration of the bell-shaped trap of this kind. It is 23 in-, 
high, and with a diameter of 26 in. at the lower and 5*50 in. at the upper opening. It is 
from Moorshedabad where it is called poloi. (98) This specimen is of the depressed 
bell-shaped form, and is also from Moorshedabad where it goes by the same name as the last. 
It is used for capturing mud- frequenting fish. Scoop-like Traps. (99) A small Trap made 
of split bamboos, resembling a truncated cornucopia, with only one aperture, the other end 
tapering to a point and held by the hand. This trap is used in Molihari, where it is known as 
gdnj . (100) A Fishing Scoop resembling the gdnj of Chumparun and the JioncJia of Nuddea. 
In Mozufferpore it is also known as gdnj. (101) Of the same type and of the same use as the 
gdnj of Motihari. It is called duri in Jessore. (102) A Fishing Trap resembling the gdnj of 
Motihari. It is called khainchi in Puri. (103) Honcha. Of the same construction as the 
gdnj and duri but the handle is straight. It is known as the honcha in the Nuddea district. 
(104) A Trap resembling the gdnj, duri, and honcha. Fish caught in it are removed by hand. 
It is called hoinchee in Cuttack. (105) A Triangular Scoop, made of fine bamboo mat-work 
with an open mesh. It is called lulii in Chittagong. Platform Traps. (106) A flat 
Framework made of split bamboo. It is used in small watercourses that are rapidly 
falling, say after a shower of rain. It is called bhanta in the 24-Pergunnahs. Triangular 
Shore-hand Traps. (107) A Triangle of Bamboos, measuring at base 1 ft. 11 in. and at 
the sides 2 ft. 1 in. The triangle carries a network made of split bamboos, 1 ft. 8 in. long and 
10*50 in. deep at the apex. Small fish and chingries are caught in it. It is used like the sitkhi 
and bisri jdls, and is called honcha in the 24-Pergunnahs. Cylindrical or partially-compressed 
Traps. (108) A Cylindrical Trap 2 ft. 2 in. long and 1 ft. in diameter at the mouth. It 
is set with its mouth up the stream. It is called arsi in Sarun. (109) A tube 1 ft. 11 "50 in. 
in length, and slightly broader at the middle than at the ends, which have a diameter 
of 7 '50 in. It is called dhole or hoambu chai in Chittagong. (110) An elongated Conical 
Trap with an oval mouth, made of finely split bamboo slips and measuring 4 ft. 11 in. in 
length with a diameter of 17 in. '50 across the mouth. The trap is called mugura in Cuttack, 
and is chiefly used during the rainy months. (Ill) A laterally Compressed Trap made of 
split bamboo and open at one end which is placed upstream. Length 25 in. by 14*50 in. 
by 4-50 in. From Motihari, where this trap is called tohJca. (112) This is another example 
of this kind of trap, but more complicated than any of the foregoing. It is called doari in the 
Nuddea district. A variety of small fish are caught in it. (113) A slightly compressed 
Tubular Trap, wider at the mouth than at the other end, and measuring 21 in. long. It is of 
the same type as the tohka of Motihari, and is called birtee at Patna. (114) A Trap of the 
same construction as the tohka of Chumparun. It is called tehoka in Mozufferpore. (115) 
A Trap less compressed than the tohka of Chumparun and measuring 3 ft. 2 in. by 1 ft. 2 in. 
It comes from the Jessore district, and is called doair. (116) Ghonee, No. 2. A nearly Tubular 
Trap, resembling the doair of Jessore, but called ghonee in the 24-Pergunnahs. Quadrangular 
Traps. A. Entrances protected internally by sharp bamboo points. (117) Aineh. A Trap made 
of split bamboos tied together with the fibre of the peduncle of the leaf of Borassus fldbelli- 
formis, but 0*40 in. apart from each other. It is called aineh in the 24-Pergunnahs. (118) 
Aineh. Another, but smaller, and measuring 1 ft. 9 in. by 1 ft. by 9 in. (119) Aineh.^- 
Another, still smaller, measuring 12*50 in. by 8 in. by 3-75 in. (120) Another 
aineh measuring 1 ft. 1 in. by 10 in. by 10 in. (121) Another aineh measuring 
1 ft 5 in. by 1 ft. by 7 in. (122) An aineh measuring 1 ft. 7 '50 in. by 1 ft. 6 in. by 
10 in. This differs from the foregoing ainehs in having four external openings, but only 
one door in the inner partition. (123) A Trap on the same principle as the aineh. 

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Called dhoolma in tho 24-Perguunahs. (124) Khora. Differs from the aineli in having art 
opening at either end and not being divided in the middle. It is known as Ichorct 
in the 24-Pergunnahs. (125) Another Khora, measuring 1 ft. 2 in. by 11 '50 in. by 
12 -50 in. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (126) Khora. Another. From the 24-Pergunnahs. 
(127) Khora. Another, resembling the last in construction, but measuring 1 ft. 3*50 in. by 
1 ft. 1 in. by 1 ft. 2 in. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (128) Khora. Another, measuring 
1 ft. 2-50 in. by 1 ft. 0'50 in. by 1'50 in. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (129) A Trap 
measuring 19 in. by 12-25 in. by 13 in. with a vertical opening at one end. The trad 
comes from Motihari, where it is called ghana. (130) Another measuring, only 30 in. by 
19 in. by 5 in. It has a special name in Mozufferpore, where it is called surgla. (131) 
A Trap measuring 16 in. by 15 in. by 9 in. In Jessore it is called baney. (132) 
A Trap like the foregoing. From Jessore, where it is called Ithaduni. (133) A 
Trap of fine split bamboos measuring 19 in. by 12-50 in. by 13 in. It resembles 
the ghana of Chumparun, and in Mozufferpore is known as arsee ; a somewhat 
similar trap, but without the long pointed bamboos, being called rsi in Motihari. 
With narrow simply openings for fry. (134) A Trap measuring 13-50 in. by 10 '25 in. 
by 7 in. for catching fry. From Motihari. Its native name is arsi. (135) A Trap 
resembling the arsi of Chumparun. It is called hoochna in the 24-Pergunnahs. (136) 
Another measuring 1 ft. 3 in. by 11-75 in. by 5-50 in. A Trap resembling the hooehna and 
arsi. It is called glionee in the 24-Pergunnahs. (137) A Trap measuring 32 in. by 
19-50 in. by 7 in. It is called bassd in Puri. (138) A Trap resembling the arsi, rabani, and 
bilte. In Cuttack it is called bhoja. (139) Bilte. The same as the foregoing, but measuring 
22 in. by 15 in. by 8 in. Manufactured by Bagdis and Chandals of the Nuddea district, 
where it is known as bilte. (140) Another measuring 22 in. by 15 '25 in. by 5-50 in. 
Called rabani in the Jessore district. (141) Another resembling the foregoing, and called 
ghuni in Jessore. (142) A Trap measuring 5 ft. long, and triangular in vertical section, 
the height being 20 in. It is called dhauli in Puri. Traps of various forms. (143) A 
A -shaped Trap, the sides measuring 2 ft. 4 in. It is called dhaur in the 24-Pergunnahs. 
(1.44) Dhaur. Like the foregoing, but truncated. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (145) A 
small Trumpet-shaped Trap let into a short cylinder. It is called doob in Chittagong. 
(146) A Spindle-shaped Trap made of finely split bamboo. It is called ram chai 
in Chittagong. (147) A Trap 3 ft. 5 in. in length, 9 in. high, and 5 -50 in. in breadth. 
It has a general resemblance to a miniature toy-house. It is called dhowree in Cuttack. 
(148) A Mat Trap made of the stems of grass tied together by cord. Dr. Day* has 
described the use of this trap as follows : ' In Orissa the salwa or pulti consists of very 
fine split bamboos bound together by means of grass, the interstices between each piece being 
equal to th of an inch or less. This pulti is about 5 ft. high and is in the shape of a regular 
wall net. It is taken to a tank and placed in the water in a V form whilst the fishermen on 
either side extend themselves outwards, and by beating the water drive the fish into the 
enclosure. The two ends are now brought together, and the fish penned into a small space. 
The sides are advanced nearer and nearer until they almost touch, and the fish are removed 
by a hand net or by the hand alone." In Cuttack it is called salwa or pulti. (149) A 
Fishing Screen made of split bamboos tied together. It is called bar in the Nuddea 
district. (150) Another measuring 2*8 in. by 1-8 in. Called pata in the 24-Pergunnahs 
Baskets. (151) A truncatedly oval basket 12 in. high, with a diameter of 8 '50 in. at the 
mouth. It is called khalai in the Moorshedabad district. (152) A basket for holding fish, 
made of split bamboo. It is known as daylee in the Mozufferpore district. (153) Basket 
made of split bamboos. Called daili at Motihari. (154) A small Basket measuring 6 in. 
deep and with a diameter at the middle of 8 -50 in. It is called in Nuddea Ichalui. (155) 
An elongated Tubular Basket. From Chittagong. (156) A Vase-shaped Basket with a 
short foot. From Chittagong. (157) A round Basket made of bamboo, with its cover. 
The basket is called panjah, and the cover dala in Nuddea. (158) A Fish Basket 
made of split bamboo. From Jessore. (159) A small Basket resembling a panjah. 
In Nuddea it is called pete. (160) A Fish Basket with a conical cover made of 

* Fish and Fisheries of India, 1873, page 66. 

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EXHIBITION, 

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India. 147 



bamboo and palm leaves. From Puri. (161) A couple of. simple Baskets, one at each 
end of a bamboo, carried in the hand or on the shoulder. From Chittagong. (162) 
One Basket similar to the last, but with a handle. From Chittagong. Fishing Rods. (163) 
A Fishing Rod made of a single stem of Bambusa balcoola, 14 ft. long and with a diameter of 
1 ! 75 in. at the handle. No reel is used, and the line is tied to the beginning of the upper 
fourth of the rod, and is made of cotton, hardened and coloured brown in gab. From Moor- 
shedabab. (164) A Kod similar to the last, but with a long cotton line 30 ft., for fishing in 
mid-water. From Moorshedabad. (165) A similar but more slender Rod, 13 ft. 3 in. long 
and 0'75 in. in diameter at the handle. From Moorshedabad. (166) Barsi, suta and sip. 
A rod sip 16 ft. 6 in. made of bamboo with a hemp line suta and a country hook bursi. From 
Jessore. (167) Chhip. An ordinary Fishing Rod without a reel, and the same as the rods 
described from Moorshedabad. It measures 13 ft. 8 in. and has a silk line made of hatjhhara,* 
i.e. refuse silk, and is provided with a float of the rachis of a peafowl's feather. 
From Nuddea. (168) A Fishing Rod 14 ft. long like the last. From Nuddea. 
(169) A Fishing Rod of bamboo ornamented with fire marks and measuring 12 ft. 3 in. 
From the 24-Pergunnahs. (170) Another similar Rod, but without a wheel. From the 
24-Pergunnahs. (171) A small Bamboo Rod 7 ft. 8 in. long, without a wheel. From the 
24-Pergunnahs. (172) A slim Bamboo Rod, 11 ft. 2 in. It is called chip at Patna. (173) 
A small Fishing Rod and Line. The line is made of the fibre of Sanseviera zeylanica.^ 
From Puri. (174) Fota. This curious contrivance is employed in the capture of Wallago 
attu. (175) Spring Rod. A Bamboo 12 ft. 7 in., set as a spring rod. From Nuddea. 
Fishing Rope. (176) A rope made of jute for general use. From Moorshedabad. Lines. 
(177) Tuggis or Lines. Two Hand Lines, made of silk and of great length, wound round a 
teak roller 6 '50 in. long and 1*10 in. in diameter, the ends of which are ornamented with 
Benares lacquer. Each line is provided with two hooks of native manufacture* and with a 
lead weight. All kinds of large fish are caught with these lines, which are known generally 
as tuggis or hand lines. From Moorshedabad. (178) Another Line on a wooden reel with 
lacquered ends. Also from Moorshedabad. (179) A Ground Line for catching large fish. 
It is known at Moorshedabad as dhauni. (180) A line consisting of a ghurnee, wheel, a piece 
of cord line, tuggee, with its sinker called seesa, and its hooks, bansi. The line is of English 
cord, but it has been soaked in gab in order to preserve and strengthen it. (181) A Fishing 
Line prepared with gab, and with one hook and lead sinker, and made of cotton. It is called 
dore in Patna. (182) A much laterally compressed Wooden Reel with a cotton line, 
sinkers, and two native hooks. It is called sherista in Nuddea. (183) A Hand Line wound 
round a long internode, 15 in. of a bamboo, ornamented by fire marks and revolving on 
a bamboo stick. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (184) A long Cotton Line treated with gab. It 
is wound round a gourd. It is called dor (string) and bansi (hook). (185) Two Fishing 
Lines made of tussah-silk, one with hooks of English manufacture. From Calcutta. (186) 
A Sea Fishing Line with large hooks, and with a big iron nail for fixing it. From Puri. 
(187) A smaller Sea Line with hooks. From Puri. Fishing Spears. (188) A Fishing 
Spear made of ten spears tied together for 21 in., the remainder free. It is used in 
shallow or deep water, and from a dug-out canoe, in spearing all kinds of fish that swim 
near the surface. From Motihari. Native name surhut. (189) A Spear resembling 
the compound spear from the Chumparun district, but consisting of sixteen separate 
spear-points, each shaft being 4 ft. 3 in. long. The uses are the same as those of the 
Chumparun spear. It is called konch in Nuddea. (190) A Spear 4 ft. 10 '50 in. long, with 
twelve points, and thus resembling the sarhut of Chumparun and the konch of Nuddea. In 
Mozufierpore it is called sahut. (191) Another resembling the foregoing. From the 
24-Pergunnahs. (192) A Spear with a coloured bamboo shaft 14 ft. 5 in. long. From the 
24-Pergunnahs. (193) A Spear with a shaft of blackened bamboo, 10 ft. 10 in. in length. 
It is called pachkha at Patna. (194) Another with a shaft 10 ft. long, but with eight 
unbarbed points 8 in. long. From Patna. (195) A Spear terminating in five singly barbed 
points 6 in. long and fixed into a bamboo shaft 10 ft. long. It is known as pdchkd at Sarun. 

* Literally, thrown away by the hands. 

f Identified by Dr. King, who informs me that the Bengali name is moogo. 

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148 



(196) An Iron Rod 5 ft. 1'50 in. long and 0'23 in. in diameter. It is known as sahut in 
the Mo7.ufferpore district, and is used for spearing turtle. (197) A harpoon 9 ft. 3 in. with a 
doubly barbed iron point 9 in. long. It is called ekdri in Sarun, where it is only used for 
fishing turtle. Similar spears are also used all over the Indian rivers. (198) An ekdri point 
with one barb. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (199) A Spear with a shaft 7 ft. 4 in. and a 
simple point 5 -50 in. long. From the 24 Pergunnahs. (200) A Spear with four iron barbs, 
measuring 12 ft. 3 in. The spear is called the atar in Nuddea, and chabrack in Jessore. 
(201) A Fish Spear with a shaft 10 ft. 3 in. in length, and terminated by four barbed prongs 
in one plane. From Puri. (202) A Spear witli a fire-marked bamboo shaft, 17 ft. 8 in. in 
length. From the 24-Pergunnahs. (203) A six-pointed Spear, 12 ft. 8 in. in length, the 
stem being made of bamboo. In the Nuddea district this spear is called tenta. (204) A 
spear like the preceding. The spear is called junti, and is used for spearing large fish, turtles, 
and small crocodiles. From Jessore. Floats. (205) Three Floats for rod and handline 
fishing'. From Moorshedabad. (206) Two Floats made of the stems of a reed or grass. 
From Moorshedabad. (207) Four small shola Floats. From Moorshedabad. Hooks. (208) 
Ten Steel Hooks of different sizes. They differ from the English hook in being more 
curved. From Moorshedabad. Eod Fishing Appliances. (209) Fishing Sox. An iron box, 
14 in. by 11 in. by 9 in., with five compartments used by Calcutta anglers. In the four 
compartments, a supply of bait, floats, and hooks is carried. In the large compartment, 
the Bengali disciple of Isaac Walton stores his food for the day, his tobacco made into 
a paste with molasses, his earthen pipe bowl or kulika, the charcoal cakes for 
kindling the moist tobacco, and his Bryant and May's matches. The never-failing hoolcha is 
carried in the hand. From Calcutta. General Baits. (210) Baits. The following 
substances are generally used as ground baits in Bengal, viz., guruttuck = the bark of Cinna- 
momum; burra methi, the seeds of Trigonella fsenum grazcum, L. ; khoodie methi = the seeds of 
another ..variety of T. fcenum grsecum, L. ; khullee oilcake ; seeds of the cotton plant, 
Gossypium herbaceum, L. ; chura = a rice paste dried and broken into fragments : seeds of 
Sesamum orientale, wild ; and chilma matti = a plastic clay. All the seeds, &c., are parched 
on the fire, and then pounded together and mixed with clay and water into a paste, which is 
highly pungent and aromatic. This bait is either thrown into the water by the fishermen 
while fishing, or it may be deposited in masses in the water encased in a split bamboo 
driven into the bed of the tank or stream, some feet under water, and in this case the 
slim top of bamboo projects above the water, and being tipped by a feather the move- 
ments of the latter indicate when the fish are nibbling the bait, and the rod lire is used 
over the spot ; the hook baited with a paste of flour and ghee, or decayed cheese mivxl with 
clay or bread and fresh cheese. In Calcutta some other substances are also used, one mixture 
consisting of the seeds of the mustard plant, Brassica juncea ; kalla-jeera = the seeds of 
Nigella satwa ; tambul = the seeds of Zanthoxylum ; chota methi = the seeds of Melilotus 
oarviftora ; akangee, the stems of Kmmpferia galanga, L. ; and ghore-boch, the stems of 
Acorus calamus, L. ; and another consists of boiled rice, chaff, and the seeds of T. fcenum 
grsecum boiled together. All these ground baits above mentioned are used for Catla buchanani, 
Labeo rohita, Labeo calbasu, and Cirrhina mrigala. From Moorshedabad. Baits for Hooks. 
(211) Baits. The pupas of the large silk-worm moth, called in Bengalee chookree and 
considered a good bait for all fish. From Moorshedabad. (212) A species of earth-worm 
common in Bengal, and called kenchoo, and also bhuie lanta, which means ground creeper. 
From Moorshedabad. (213) A small prawn used as bait for large prawns and Cirrhina 
mrigala. From Moorshedabad. (214) Cockroaches also used as bait, but chiefly for 
predaceous fish. The insect is not impaled, but tied on immediately above the hook, and 
the hook and insect are dipped about 3 in. to 4 in. in the water. From Moorshedabad. 
(215) The young of Ophiocephalus marulius and Barbus stigma used as hook bait. From 
Moorshedabad. Appliances for Ground Bait. (216) A bait made of aromatic substances is 
mixed into a paste and tied on to the stick about 6 ft. from its lower end. From Moorshe- 
dabad, where it is called char katee. (217) Another and similar stick 8 ft. 10 in. From 
Moorshedabad. (218) Arrah. A portion of a bamboo 1 ft. 9 in. long and 1 in. diameter, 
split near the middle longitudinally into thirteen narrow pieces, between which the ground 
bait is inserted, the ends of the bamboo being entire. Lines with Hooks. (219) An appliance 
called mah at Moorshedabad. (220) Another specimen, also from Moorshedabad. 

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DIVISION IV. 

GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Boats. (221) Botee Boat. A. 

Fishing Boat, 28 ft. long, 7 ft. broad at the middle, and with a depth of 2 ft. at the centre. 
From Patna. (222) A Fishing Boat, measuring 35 ft. 3 in. in length and 5 ft. 2 in. broad at 
its middle, where it has a depth of 2 ft. 1 in. The general form of the boat recalls the boats 
of the ancient Egyptians. This boat is from Jessore. (223) A Model of the ordinary 
Fishing Boat that is used with behandi and other nets, and which is generally made about 
35 ft. long. From Chittagong. (224) A Model of a Fishing Boat 5 ft. 6 -50 in. long and 
9'75 in. broad and 6 -50 in. high at the middle. Fishing boats of this kind are generally 
24 ft. in length. From Chittagong. Canoes. (225) A Canoe dug-out, or donga, made of 
the stem of Borassus flabelliformis, or tdl palm. From Jessore. (226) A Canoe dug out of 
the trunk of the tree semul, Bombax malabaricum, and measuring 23 ft. long, 1 ft. 10 in. broad, 
and 1 ft. deep. It is called ekta in Patna, meaning one. (227) Baling Instrument. A 
Wooden Scoop painted green and margined with red. Length with handle 3 ft. 4 50 in., the 
scoop being 1 ft. 0*75 in. long and 2 '75 in. deep. It is used in baling large boats. From 
Patna. (228) Another and similar, but smaller. From Patna. (229) Fishing Rafts. Two 
Fishing Kafts, made each of three large bundles of shola (Aeschynomene aspera, Linn.), 4 ft. 
2 in. long, the breadth of the raft being 4 ft. 3 in. The bundles are tied at the ends, and the 
three are bound together, and over them there are placed two old bhangy sticks, to which 
they are also secured by coarse cord made of jute or cocoa-nut fibre. The fisherman squats 
down with one foot on each piece of wood and steers, and paddles himself with the short oar. 
The raft is used in superintending fishing operations with large drag nets in tanks and in 
shallow water, and in throwing the khepla jal, a common casting net. They are known by 
no other name than sliola. From Calcutta. (230) A shola Float measuring 20 in. by 5 50 in. 
From Puri. 

DIVISION VI. 

GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Eaw Materials for making Lines. 
(231) Five Masses of Tussah Silk, consisting of the unwindmgs from the outer layers of 
cocoons. Calcutta. (232) Three similar Masses damped and twisted into hanks. Calcutta. 
(233) Twenty Y-shaped Sticks with the imwindings of the fine inner layer of tussah 
cocoons. Calcutta. (234) Twenty Specimens of Lines made of tussah silk. Calcutta. 
(235) A plant of Sanseviera zeylanica, the fibre of which is used at Puri for making 
fishing lines. From Puri. Apparatus for Making Nets. (238) Takur. A Spindle and 
its Whorl for making twist for nets. From Calcutta. (237) Phal-katta. Apparatus 
for making nets. From Calcutta. (238) Phall-katta. Two other pieces of better work- 
manship. From Calcutta. (239) Phal-katta and patuna. Two other specimens of 
smaller size. From Calcutta. Materials used in the Preparation of Nets and Lines, 
also for Paying the Seams of Boats. The preparation is thus made : (240) Gab. The 
gummy juice of the fruit of Diospyrus embryopteris is used in tanning, and when it 
has been prepared as follows, the decoction is used for preserving fishing lines and boats 
against the action of water. The fruits of Diospyrus embryopteris, D. melanoxylon, Acacia 
arabica, and of Terminalia citrina are broken up in the green state and pounded together 
along with the barks of the following trees, viz. Acacia arabica and Terminalia arjuna. A 
little water and mustard oil is added to the mixture, and it is then boiled in an earthen 
vessel. It is then allowed to stand for two or three days, and after that the liquid is strained 
off for use. A net to be prepared is placed in an earthen vessel and the solution is poured<oh 
it, and the net is allowed to remain in the solution for twenty-four hours. (241) A Sample 
of gab so prepared. From Calcutta. (242) A sample of the fruit of Diospyrus embryopteris. 
From Calcutta. (243) A Sample of the Fruit of Acacia arabica. From Calcutta. (244) 
A Sample of the Fruit of Terminalia citrina. From Calcutta. (245) A Sample of the Bark 
of Acacia arabica. From Calcutta. (246) A Sample of the Bark Terminalia arjuna. From 
Calcutta. Grass for Tying Traps. (247) A Specimen of the Grass that is used in tying 

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together the flno bamboo Hplints of which various traps, &c., are made. Tlio grass in sup 

by Dr. King to bo a species of Saccharum, probably Jtushyrass, 8. spontaneum. From Moor- 

ehodabad. 

DIVISION XXI. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Knife for Cutting Fish. (248) 

Bhontee. An Iron llhule, i:-. r >0 in. hi";h and 3 in. broad, fixed un to the end of a, pirn- of 
Hat wood, to which I lie Made i.s placed ill ri;;-|il, a.n-lcs. 1 1. is railed l>lt,nilc<: Kroni ( ialcntfa, 
(249) /<Y.s7/.r/-ma//'x ('nuking Appliances. A Fire-place used by fishermen for cooking food. 
From Calcutta. (250) Fisherman's Spoon. A Spoon made of wood ;md used in rooking food. 
It is callod hattah. From Calcutta. (251) Wxlimmni':: Oil Ffowfc. A small Nat-then Haslc 
for holding mustard oil for cooking. It is callod tali. Knun Calrutta. (252) Lamp. A 
leaf-shaped (May I /amp railed peedeem, in which a wick saturated in castor oil i.s burned. 
From Calcutta. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. (253) Fish Preserved in Brine. 

Clupeidx. Clupea Tlisha. Native name hilna, Bengali. (254) The roes of the hilxn, are 
prepared in a similar manner. Calcutta Market. 

BRITISH BURMA. Nga pec, or fish and prawns prepared as food. 

DIVISION XXIX. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Oil. (255) Oil made from tho 

viscera of Labeo rohita. It soils at about eight annas it Heer. From Motilia,ri. I'nxlttrlx, 
Mi, II Lime.. (256) A Sample of Shell Lime. From Tim. (257) A Sample of Shell Lime. 
From Puri. Shells used for Lime. (258) Shells Unio Marginalia, Ihiio j!r;<lciix, and 
Ampularia gWm*a are burnt into lime. From Moorshedabad. (259) Animal Oils. A Sample 
of tho Oil obtained from I'lu/itnixttt, f/am/r/Avr, the (Jan^etio dolphin, and which in highly 
esteemed for rheumatism. From Calcutta. 

DIVISION XXXI. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. (260) Pearls. Theso IV.uls :uo 

yioldod by the following sholls, Unio 'marginalix, Lamarck, and Un-io Jlnriilfiix, r.enson. The 
nhells a.r) found ai Uhandanhdi, i.e. store lake, a, hheel near P.erhamporo. A bunch of nine 
utrinj^s, each siriii; 1 ; leniMiiatin-; in a red plush knot, containing about twenty inferior pearls. 
Two strings with 20 pearls each. A string with two largo rough so-called pearls separated 
by a piece of green glass. Coarse pearls. From Moornhedabad. 

DIVISION XXXII. 

GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Playing Cards made of Fish Scales. 
(281) Playing Cards. Ninety-six discs made of tho scales of tho Mahascer iish. Hit rim* lor, 
mid used in tho game called (jii ii<j//i<i, \vhirli is played by three persons. Tho ranis are 
manufactured at Shahaliad, in ihe Arrali /illah. 

DIVISION XXXIII. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Alliances for keeping Fih alin: 

(262) Ca<j<'K. <'(/<'. I^rom Moor.shcdabad. The cage l>eimr too largo has not been sent,. 

(263) A Hinall I'.asket made of linely split ham I too. l (1 rom lMooi-sheda.ba,d. (264) Another 
11 in. by 10 "50 in. by 8 in. From i\loorshedal>ad. (265) (lanjia. An elongaled harrel- 
H! i a ped Cago for keeping flsli in the water when raiight. It is called <j<nij!. in the .Jessore 
district. (266) Gaije. A Cage, I ft, <; in. by II in. by S in., the same as tho cages called 
gaije at Moorsliodabad. It has the same name in tho 24-PergnnnahB, 

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_ India. _ 151 

DIVISION XXXIV. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Models. (267) Model of a Bazaar. 

7<Y.s7/. Ha.aar. -"This ino<|r| represenls," Mr. Ilitchie remarks, " I ,lm aspect of u lish l>a/,aa,r in 
n market place in I'.cii^nl. The Imnr is between III and I I a.m., ;ui<l the l);i,/,;i:i,r is in full 
Hwin^. SittiiiLj Jill round arc, 1,lm female relaiives of the. lislmnimn, who retitil the wares. 
They belong to the fishing OaatW, JtJlyaj Nikcri, ;md (Miandal : Mm lish in I In- model ;i,n-:dl 
cure I'n I fit, -;:/' at ///.; of Hie originals. ( )im of Mm women is rutting off Mm he; id ol' ;i, l>i^ ni,i. iisli, 
Mil! others ;ire l.ar;';a inin-' with customers, who include Mm salmli's servants, us Mm khaiisamah, 
bearer (in groon), and syce (in a bluo coat), an old lirahmin, and [>urchM6ri of oilier castes. 
\\ I m have passed on I o com i >lel,e the provision for their midday ine;i,l IVom Mm \e-vtaMn to tho 
ilsh market. ()n Mm outskirts :i.rc :i, ( 'a.lml i, who is ha,wkiii'j; his stock o!' wa,rm dollies, ;i 
clerk, iind Mm inevitable |>;i,ri;di do;-;. An idea, of Mm scene, will not I in complete, without. 
ima^iniM"; a, I'.aliel of tongues pitched in every key, and indeed the, eastern lishwifo has a, How 
of language, duite equal to tha.t of her I'.illiu^s^itn sister." Ma,de by Uain Lai I'a.l, Kish- 



Represents a It'islmrma.n (caste, .la.liya) castiii"; a- net (/,-< /</a), Mm most ordinary 
form of net in use. Made l,y K'ain I ;a I I'al, l\ ishna,;.';a,r. (269) JfepreselilH another man 
(caste, ( !|i:i,nda,l) lisliin;-; will) :uiotlmr kind of net calle.l l,<tx<tli. Miuln liy IJ,a,ni La,l I'al, 



DIVISION LI. 
GOVERNMENT OF BENGAL. Modds of FM. By Bam Lai Tal, 

Kishnav;har. lllti.<iilf<l,;i:. (270) Mn^il. ()/>lii<>rr/>li<t/i</;r. (271) Ophi006pTw,lu8 mandilUk 
Tim xlnil, IJen^ali. One of th(i most c.ouiiimii lish in Lower r.eii;-;al, and largely ea,teii by 
natives. LdbyrinthicidlS, (272) Anoint* x<-.n<lt>n.x. -Tim l;n! or climiiin^ lish. I i, occ.iirs in 
ji'ivat abundance in I.en^al, and is largely consumed as food l>y Mm lower ' 

x// /////.-:. (y?&) WaUaao <xtto, The booZK. (274) Jfocrowaa oor. -Th oor, Bengali (275) 

Hllnnilnt, ijiiiiyrl i<-. -The s//o//(/, Ueii'-ali. ( 'ijjiri 'ii/<l,:n. (27(J) Lu.lx'n mliilu. The rt*fl| 
l!-'ii;-;a,li. (277) huhro <-till>n:;ii,. Tim kti.llmii.s, ISeii-'aJi. (278) (In'rlii mi. 'in.ri<j<d<l,. TllO 
iin-iyil, lien 'all. (270) <'nlln. Inirlni ,ni uL The ndln, I5nli;^ali. (280) llarlmx chaguniO. 
The 8hwun punti. <!/u,/>rt'</,;r. (2B1) ('ln,i>r<i,il!xli.<t. The liil.it, !'.< n-.ili. l\<il<)i>/c,r/<l;i'. (282) 

Notoptentsbapirat. The ohital I'lvscrvn.l h'isii. P&ratda (Perches), (282A) Sintie.l iisli 

troin the ( '/alcnMa, Impnria,! Museum. (283) Ainh(lnix ranya. Occurs I hroii" ;hoiil. India, and 
Uiirmah. Native; na,me (JJen^ali), rli<i.u<la. or rliiiii<lc>'.. ('alcnlia Market. 7Y/V-////u-/<//r. 
(284) TriehiwUA 'ni.ii.Ur.H.x. Seas and estuaries, India to (!|iina. Native name. ( I Jeii^ali) 
l-iil;cl, It. ('alciitta, Market. /v:/,ry//W,r. (2vS5) Xri;rnt>t(li:-; /xtniii. Ua.y of Ue.n^a.l and its 
estuaries. i\ a, I i \ o na me ( |',eii;-;a I i ) Kni-lni/ii. ('a.lcutla, iMa.rket. Xn>iii.l>ri<l.,T.. (28fcJ) tirniiilin- 
mterolepidotUS. lied Sea to Malayan Archipelago. Native; name, anil, I . ('.dr'iitta Market. 

(287) (it>h!iil,;>:. (loliin.x (jin.rin. Kasl, c.oa.st of Africa, and Sind to JMala.yan A rchi|ela^o oil 
fresh Witter in plains. Native name, Ix'lnth. Calc.utta Market. Xilu.i-/<l.r (Cat /'V.s//rx). 

(288) OdUiohrOUt /mJx/d. Indus a.nd (Ja,ii"cs. Nii.tivn name, pa.lnln,. ('alciitta, Market,. 
tfrni>i-l.ftl,;i'.. (28B) Uurpodou 'H./'kurcii,*. l^ast coitst of Africa to China and estuaries of India. 
Native name, Iminrln. ( Calcutta, Market. <!tii>i-t.ii.i<i.;n ( f,W/-yw). ( C 290) Lnln-n ainjra. (^an^es 
iind Irrawaddy and Sittoun,^ rivnrs. Native name, ///om/a. (Jitlcuttii Ma,rknt. (291) 
tllijma.. In. ha, and l.urina. Nii.tivn na.me <j<>l<i-/i<><>/<'<:. ( !;i,|c,ntta Market. Clu'ji<'i<l-;r ( 

(292) KiMjnfitMx la///. Seas stud estiiitries of India, :ind Mala,ya. Nittive name 
(!a,lcntf;i Ma,rket. (293) li<-nnda. rn^.rll la na. liay of Bengal and Malayan A rchi pelii^o. 
Nittivn ii:iine l-'u. -.I,,,. Calcutta, Market. ( 'i/jiriniil.:r ( C-ar/ix). (294) Lalao <-aU>a.;ii,. l.'.ivers 
of India and linrnia. Uen-ali na,m<^ feoftUMM, ( !liitl.!ioiiu'. (!lti/>< /// ( ////<///;/). (296) 
Kinjrindix la///. ( !h iM,a,^on;;. (25MJ) Clit/,ra, ilinlni. The liiha. Oliil.tii.^on^. NotOpteridtB. 
(297) Nnlnjtli'.ni.s 1,-a/i/ral. " I'Yesh a,nd hra.c.l-.ish waters of India, t,o the .Malayan Archipe- 
la^o." DILI/. ( Ihiffa^onv;. Trii-liinrid-i. (^98) 7V/c//,m>v/, narala. ( Iliitta^on^. titroifia- 
teidsB (Pomphrefa) (299) Sbomabiu* cinentuH. Seas of SouMi-Wesi,ern Asia,. (Jhittagong 

(JJOO) Marrnnr.^ a,>,-. K i ver.s of I nd ia, a,ml I Iiirina. ( Jhitfa^on^. (301) 



r aJi,la,. The pu6dM, Bengali, ()liil.ta.i,'on^. fr:t t prl<-hl;v. (302) llar,><lnn. nrhn-miH. Chitta- 
jon. /V/v/Wr ' ' 



. 

/V/v/W/r. (,'J03) La/ry, ra./ra r/'f.r. The //;///. This Iisli OOCUIB in the seas of the 
son) .hem coasts of Asia, and is common in estuaries. It is Mm lish most largely consumed 

ANDERSON, ABBOTTj[ ANDERSOJTS 
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152 India. 



by Europeans in Lower Bengal. It is frequently preserved with vinegar and tamarind fruit, 
and is then known as tamarind fish. Chittagong. (304 and 305) Pristipoma olivaceum and 
Pristipoma hasta. Common around the coasts of India. The air bladders are collected and sold 
to the Chinese, who ship them to China, where they are converted into isinglass. Chittagong. 
(306) Dolphin of the Ganges. Platanista gangetica. This remarkable form of Cetacean, of 
which only one species is known, is peculiar to the Ganges, Bramaputra, and Indus, and 
is not found in the sea, being essentially fluviatile in its distribution. It ascends the 
foregoing rivers from their estuaries up to their exits from the Himalayan range, and it is 
widely distributed throughout them and their larger affluents. Its native names are sns, 
susu, 8unaar,sihoo, Mhoo, and bulhan. Platanista gangetica is occasionally accidentally caught 
in the nets of the fishermen. The flesh and blubber are eaten by some low caste Hindoos. 
The illuminating powers of the oil are said to be high. A very young specimen in alcohol, 
from the Hughli at Calcutta. 

DIVISION LIT. 

GOVERNMENT OP BENGAL. Reptiles. Crocodilidse. (307) The 
Gavialis. Gavialis gangeticus. This Saurian is nearly exclusively a fish eater, and it occurs 
in great numbers in the Ganges and its affluents. It attains to about 20 ft. in length. Two 
specimens sent alive from the Hugli, Calcutta. Crocodilus. (308) Crocodilus palustris. 
This species is widely distributed throughout India. It is not exclusively a fish eater, but 
devours all kinds of offal as well. It is especially numerous in Lower Bengal, and during the 
rains, the young wander about from stream to stream and tank to tank. It attains to 21 ft. in 
length. Two specimens sent alive from the Hugli, Calcutta. Snakes destructive to Fish. Ophidia. 
Non-poisonous Coliibridtv. (309) A specimen of the common snake, Tropidonotus guin- 
cunciatus, which, although hardly a fresh-water form, is very aquatic in its habits. It is 
widely distributed over India, Burmah, and Tenasserirn. One specimen in alcohol, from 
Durbhunga, where it is known as the dhone. Homal. (310) A specimen of a 
common form of fresh-water serpent, belonging to the family Homalopsidx, which are non- 
poisonous snakes. The species is known as Hypsirhina enhydris, and is prevalent throughout 
Bengal, Assam, Arakan, Burmah, and .Tenasserim. A specimen in alcohol, from Durbhunga, 
where it is called machhgidhi, i.e. greedy offish. Poisonous. Hydrophidx. (311) Hijdrcphis. 
An example from the Mergui Archipelago of the poisonous genus Hydrophis that 
abounds along the coasts of India, Burmah, and the Malayan Peninsula. They live 
exclusively on fish. A specimen in alcohol from the Mergui Archipelago. Living Terrapins 
and Turtles sent along with the Exhibits. Emydidx. (312) Cuora amboinensis. A speci- 
men from the Nicobar Islands. (313) Emys thurgL Three specimens from the neighbour- 
hood of Calcutta, where the species is common. (314) Emys hamiltoni. Three specimens 
from Jessore. (315) Pangshura tecta. One female from Jessore. (316) Batagur lineatus. 
One specimen from Jessore. Trionyoidse. (317) Emyda granosa. One specimen from 
Jessore. 

DIVISION LIII. 

GOVERNMENT OP BENGAL. Birds. (318) The Snake Bird. 
Plotus melanogaster. The Darter, sometimes known as the snake bird, is not at all uncommon 
in Bengal. It is a large consumer of fish. Two specimens sent alive from the Teesta Kiver. 
(319) Small Cormorant. Graculus sinensis. This little cormorant is as great a fish eater 
as the Darter, which it resembles in its habits. It is widely distributed over India. Two 
specimens sent alive from the Teesta Kiver. 

DIVISION LIV. 

GOVERNMENT OP BENGAL. Animals destructive to Fish. (320) 
The Otter of Lower Bengal. Lutra. This animal is widely distributed over Lower Bengal, 
and lives exclusively on fish, has a very voracious appetite, and is numerically abundant. 
Large number of fish are destroyed by it. When caught young, they are very docile, and 
follow their master like a dog. The fishermen in the Jeesore Sundarbans take advantage 
of this disposition, and train the otters to drive fish into their nets, the otter being 
rewarded with some fish, each time it is successful. These tamed otters have a collar 

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round their necks, and they are secured by it to the prow of the boat, and when their 
services are required they are slipped like hounds. Two specimens sent alivp from the 
Jessore Sundarbans. (321) The Fishing Cat. Felis bennettii This cat is very common in 
Lower Bengal about Calcutta. It is generally found in low damp situations, and is said 
to catch fish and to eat shell-fish, such as Ampullaria globosa, and Achatina fulica. Two 
specimens sent alive from the neighbourhood of Calcutta (now in Zoological Gardens, Regent's 
Park). 

DIVISION LVII. 

GOVERNMENT OP BENGAL. (322) Sketches. Three water-colour 

Sketches illustrating the manner in which the khepla is thrown. Artist, Mittanund Dey. 

DIVISION I. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP MADRAS. (324) Divi fishing line. 
(325) Ditto. (326) Line made of the fibre of Calotropis gigantea. (327) Cotton Lines for 
deep-sea fishing. (328) Another, with hooks, etc., complete. (329) Line for catching 
Polynemus and Lates calcarifer. (330) Line for shore-fishing. (331) Divi Fishing Spear 
(model). (332) Divi Bod and Line, with artificial bait. (333) Malabar Puffing Tube. 
(334) Crab Net. 

DIVISION IV. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP MADRAS. (335-336) Divi fishing-boats 
(model). (337) Madras Catamaran. (338) Catamaran, with crew (model). (339) Masula 
Boat (model). (340) Tuticorin fishing vessel. (341) Masula Boat, with crew. 
(342) Coracle. 

DIVISION V. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP MADRAS. (343) Coir ropes, for Cata- 
marans and Masula boats. (344) Fibre of Crotalaria juncea, of which nets are made. 
(345) The same in its first stage of preparation. (346) The same in its second stage 
of preparation, (347) The same, in its third and last stage. (348) Specimen, to show 
how the nets are woven. (349) Implement for twisting thread. (350, 351) Implements of 
Iron. (352) Coir Hope, of which large nets are made. (353) Implement for twisting 
Coir Hope. 

DIVISION XYI. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP MADRAS. (354-355) Rods and Lines 
complete, for catching Mugil. (356) Bods and Lines complete, for small fishes. 

DIVISION XVII. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP MADRAS. (357) Kaugathuvalai. 

(358) Thevvalai. (359) Kavuthavalai. (360) Thevvalai (small), fc (361) Kalluvalai. 
(362) Uduvalai. (363) A Sifting-basket. (364) Kondavalai. (365) Malabar Dip-net. 
(366) Pusalavala. (367) Vadasila Vala. (368) Inapavala. (369) Farucha alevala. 
(370) Pedda Chiratalavala. (371) Teluvala. (372) Vutchalavala. (373) A Drag-net, with 
a small mesh. (374) Tethuvala. (375) Yelluvala. (376) Phinga Jliallo or Visuree Jhallo. 
(377) Munajbatto. (378) Munajballo (small). (379) Phinga galla. (380) Pellana. 
(381) Haddi jallo. (382) Haddi jallo (small). (383) Pellana (small). (384) Kuttari. 
(385) Perlcuri. (386) Kuri, (387) MaipuJeuri. (388) Makkeri. (389) Gude. (390) Yepi. 
(391) Hurltilu. (392) Yerupari. (393) Another, of different construction. (394) Kodam- 
lai. (395) Sari. (396) Velangu pari. (397) DolliJta. (398) Tigala Mava. (399) Yesala 
Maoa. (400) Pedda Mava. (401) Chinna Mava. (402) Vucha. (403) Vadu. (404) Vadu, 
made of bamboos. (405) Ilaram. (406) Iggilayala Mava. (407) Mava. (408) Korame- 
nala Vucha. (409) Khadano. (410) Benda. (4ll) Chaduva. (412) Dhovudi. (413) Bodo 
Guncho Goni. (414) Samo Guncho Goni. (415) Pasalo goni. (416) Pulo. (417) Lines 
for catching Mussels. (418-420) Tenta. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON'S 

WATERPROOF RIDING APRONS& HUNTING LEGGINGS, 
AND VALISES, 

Tndia R/LibtoeT* IWaniifectnrers^ 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



154 India. 

DIVISION XXI. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. (421) Catamaran Man's Cap. 
(422) Basket made of Palmyra leaf. (423) Spade made of Palmyra wood. (424) Cap made 
of cocoanut shell. 

DIVISION XXIII. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. (425) Model of a Fisherman's 
Hut. 

DIVISION XXXIII. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. (426) Basket made of the 
split midribs of V/ild Date. (427) Baskets made of the loaf-stalks of the Date Palm. 
(428) Thuri Pari. (429) Thoondu Pari. (430) Pari. (431) Trays for exposing fish for 
gale. 

DIVISION XLII. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. (432) Specimens of Fish. 
(433) Emys trijuga. (434) Emyda granosa. (435) Chelonia virgata. Maugaloro. (436) 
Tuticorin. (437) Madras. (438) Caduana olivacea. 

PROVINCE OF SIND. (439) Specimens of Fish. (440) 32 Specimens 
of Keptiles. 

DIVISION XLIIL 

DAY, DR. FRANCIS, Kenilworth House, Cheltenham. (441) A Pair 
of Indian Kingfishers under a glass shade, the lower one was drowned, due to its bill having 
been seized by a freshwater mussel, when diving after a fish in the dirty Coom river at 
Madras. 

DIVISION XLIY. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. (442) DclpMnus plumleus. 
(443) Delphinus perniger. 

E. BALFOUR, Surgeon-General. (444) Model of Catamaran. 
E. J. WARING, C.I.E. (445) Model of Burmese Snake Boat. 
HALY, E. Shark's jaw from the Indian Ocean. 

DIVISION XL VI. 
PROVINCE OF SIND. 112 Specimens of Molluscs. 

DIVISION XL VII. 

PROVINCE OF SIND. (1) Sixteen Specimens of Radiata. (2) Three 
Specimens of Zoophytes. 

DIVISION L. 

PROVINCE OF SIND. Seventy-three Specimens of Crustaceans, in 
spirit. 

DIVISION I. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. (444) Net for catching large 
fish. (445) Net for smaller fish. (446) Net with smaller meshes. (447) Chogia Cast Net. 
(448) Yedi or Yeri Net. (449) Deep sea fishing net made of Hemp. (450) Deep sea 
Jal Net. (451) Deep sea fishing net with floats of mangrove. (452) Vaghur Net. (453) 
Karalpag Net. (454i-Pera a cast net. (455) The Dhol Net. (456) Harbour Net made 
of hemp. (457) Casting Net made of hemp. (458) Khanddla Net. (459) Akhu a Scoop 
Net. (460) Fishing Spear. (461) Fishing Hooks. (462) Long Line with large hook. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON 

ABB THE MANUFACTURERS OF THE 

.A.:R,M:Y I^E OTJH, ATI onv CLOA.K, 

37, Queen Victoria St., London, E.C. Works : Limehouse, E. 

HORSE GUARDS, 10th March, 1871. GKNTLEMKX, The Waterproof Coat made by jou has been 
approved of as a pattern for Coats to be worn In wet weatLer by all Officers. The Material seems 
excellent, and Is exactly what was recommended by the Committee. Your pattern has been now 
sealed and deposited at the Horse Guards. I am, Gentlemen, yours obediently, 

ARTHUR HERBERT, A.A.G., Col. 

N B. A General Order on the subject will be issued in next month's orders. 



India. 155 



(463) Wa?a cord used in catching fish. 464-466 Handliues with hooks. (467) Malai 
Basket Traps. (468) Tokyo, Basket Traps. (469) Bokshi Basket Traps. (470) Mudhya 
Basket Traps. (471) Kolati Basket Traps. (472) Specimen of cord used at Aden for 
hauling nets. (473) A Trap Basket used for fishing in the Aden waters. (474) Basket 
used in carrying fish, Aden. 

DIVISION II. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP BOMBAY. (475) A peculiar hook used 
in catching crabs. (476) A peculiar hook (another sort). 

DIVISION IY. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. (477) Model of a Fish Canoe 
with paddles, Aden. (478) Model of a Batel, Aden. (479) Model o-f a Zaroogah or Bagarah, 
Aden. 

DIVISION VIII. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. (480) Oomli Hemp fibre in 
stage of preparation. (481) Hemp in stage of preparation. (482~ Hemp fibre. (483) Oomli 
Creeper. 

DIVISION XXI. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. (484) Model illustrating how 
fishermen of the Konkan spin out the fibre required for their nets, also how they dye them. 
(485) Models of a Fisherman and Fisherwoman as seen in the Deccan. (486) Model of a 
Fisherwoman (glazed). (487) Model of a Fisherman as seen in the Konkan. (488) Model 
of " The Fish Incarnation of Vishnu " (Hindu mythology). (489) " The Turtle Incarnation 
of Vishnu and the churning of the Ocean by Gods and Demons " (Hindu mythology). (490) 
Model of a Fisherman selling fish in the Deccan markets. (491) Model of a Fisherwoman 
selling fish in the Konkan markets (<i figures). (492) Two Models of Fisherman and Fisher- 
woman. (493) Cap worn by Bombay fishermen. (494) Cap worn by Bassein fishermen. 
(495) Two Clasp Knives. (496) Malabar striped handkerchief. (497) Long Kobe worn 
by fisherwomen. (498) Piece of cloth for a bodice. (500) Waistbelt worn by fishermen. 
(501) Metal Bangles. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF BOMBAY. (502) Sixteen Tins of Dried 
and Salted Fish. (503) Two hundred and sixteen specimens of Stuffed fish. 

DIVISION XXVII. 

BOWDEN, WILLIAM, 5 Kenway Koad, Earl's Court, London, S.W. 
(504) Samples of Prawn Chutney, from Madras. (505) Mustard oil used in making Fish 
Curries. (506) Samples or Indian Chutneys, Pickles, Curry Powders, &c. (507) Samples 
of Ingredients used in making Curry Powder. (508) Poppadums, from Madras (cakes eaten 
with curries). 

INMAN, A., Oriental Depot, 17 Ebury Street, S.W. (509) Curry Pow- 
ders, Prepared Bummaloe Fish or Bombay Duck, Chutneys, &c. &c. 

DIVISION LI. 

DAY, Dr. FRANCIS, Kenilworth House, Cheltenham. (510) Collection of 
nearly 1000 species of fishes of India and the East in spirit. Several hundreds illustrated in 
coloured figures. Also Fishes of India, of Malabar and Yarkand which describe the collections. 

DIVISION LIV. 

GOVERNMENT OF MADRAS. Live examples of air-breathing fishes, 
OpMocephalus and Trichogastu, at present kept at the Zoological Gardens, Kegent's Park. 



AMIiUSOfl, ABBOTT, AH1) ANDEU8IUTS 

WATERPROOFS 



llWATERPROOFSlP 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.C, 

WORKS : UIMJEHOTJSE, E. 



.__ (156 ) 

CANADA. 

(See Plan, p. 158.) 

THE Dominion of Canada (extending over half the continent of America, washed by the waters 
of three great oceans, and having within its confines innumerable rivers and lakes), stands 
almost unrivalled in the extent and variety of its fisheries. 

What are generally known as the Maritime Provinces Quebec, Nova Scotia, New 
Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island have every description of sea-fishes ; whilst their rivers 
furnish an abundance of food-fish of great economic and commercial value, and oifer to the 
sportsman some of the best salmon and trout fishing in the world. 

The great inland province of Ontario, from her vast lakes and rivers, supplies to her own 
people, and for export to other countries, large quantities of valuable freshwater fish ; whilst 
the new province of Manitoba and the whole of the great North-West Territory have innumerable 
lakes and rivers teeming with choice food-fish, which are of great value to the settlers in that 
fertile region, while the rivers on the Pacific slope in British Columbia are literally full of 
salmon. 

In a new country, where the machinery for obtaining official statistics is as yet somewhat 
imperfect, it is difficult to estimate with accuracy the annual value of the fish taken ; besides 
almost every farmer and settler near the sea-coast, lake, or river, has a boat, net or other 
appliances for furnishing his household with fresh fish, no return of which is made to 
Government. The benefit of this great boon is especially felt by the settler, who often draws 
from the waters within sight of his new home supplies of rich fish for his family, even 
after his lands yield their rich harvests. The cash value of this widely-distributed privilege 
to the resident in Canada cannot be reached by the statistician, as his figures deal only with 
commercial transactions. The export of fresh fish is principally to the United States. 

Of cured sea-fish, codfish, mackerel, herring, &c., large quantities are annually shipped to 
the West Indies, Spain, Portugal, Brazil, and other countries. Lobster and salmon, of 
which about twenty million cans are packed, go mainly to the United States and Great Britain. 
The official returns show annually a steady increase in the value of the fisheries, In 1882 it 
reached the sum of $16,088,672. 

In some of the older sections of Canada, the former unrestricted fishing of streams, together 
with obstructions by mill-dams and otherwise, so resulted in their depletion that the Government 
took up the matter, enacted laws for the regulation of inland fishing, provided for the erection 
of suitable fish-ladders or passes in mill-dams, and have established eleven fish-breeding 
establishments for restocking and maintaining the supply in the rivers and lakes by artificial 
means. The extent of fish culture in Canada, under the superintendence of Samuel Wilmot, 
Esq., may be judged by the output of young fish in the last season, viz. : Salmon, 5,783,000; 
Salmon Trout, 2,277,000; Californian Salmon placed in Eastern waters, 471,000; Speckled 
Trout, 40,000 ; Percidae, 26,500,000 ; Whitefish, 20,728,000 ; Total, 55,799,000 

In this year's operations there have been placed in the hatcheries Salmon Eggs 6,612,000 ; 
Salmon Trout Eggs, 8,350,000 ; Speckled Trout Eggs, 200,000 ; Whitefish Eggs, 43,000,000 ; 
Total, 58,162,000 

To which may be added at the proper season twenty million of the Percidse family. The 
total distribution of young fish since the commencement of fish-hatching operations has been 
upwards of one hundred and seventy-five millions. 

Telegraph wires and cables have been laid to the principal fishing stations and harbouis 
on the sea-coast and adjacent islands ; and in addition to the ordinary signal service for all 
shipping, fishery bulletins are issued and immediate information given of the appearance of 
fish at any locality. The sea-coast, rivers, and lakes are well provided with lighthouses. The 
official returns of December 31, 1882, show 551 lights and 29 steam fog-whistles and automatic 
buoys. Seven Government steamers are employed in the lighthouse, buoy and fishery service. 

The Meteorological service is very extensive and efficient, giving weather predictions at 
all the principal ports. During the year 1882 six thousand five hundred and forty-five 
predictions were issued, ninety per cent, of which were fully or partly verified. 
[The Collection of Specimens from the Province of Prince Edward Island was un* 



C'andda. 157 



fortunately detained in the Government Steamer, Northern Light, from the 9th of January 
until tho 20fch of March, and was much injured by this delay, and cannot therefore bo 
exhibited in the condition in which it was shipped. The long voyage of the ship Latona, 
around Cape Horn, from Victoria, from the 19th of December until the 12th of May, with 
the British Columbia Specimens, has greatly injured also the exhibit of that distant 
Province of Canadn. 

With few exceptions the specimens from Canada are shown and owned by the Dominion 
Go vrernment.] 

In the centre of the Canadian Court is erected a large^Trophy, representing the Economic 
and Commercial products of the Fisheries of Canada. 

The form of the Trophy is circular, with a base of 24 feet diameter, and a superstructure of 
34 feet in height. The lower platform contains salted, cured, and pickled fish of various kinds 
as sent to the markets of the world. Pyramids of original packages and cans of Salmon, 
Lobsters, Mackerel and other fish, are here shown as put up for export trade from British 
Columbia and the Atlantic Provinces. Above these are suspended in circular form Smoked 
Salmon, Dried Cod, and other fish, with a larger circle above hung with native Lobsters in 
their natural and preserved state, surmounted again by more pyramids of canned goods, and 
mounted fishes. Following up the structure is seen a stuffed Beaver, the National Emblem 
of Canada, upon whose back rests the great Shield of Canada emblazoned with the insignia of 
the several Provinces of the Dominion, and encircled by another Emblem, the maple leaf of 
Canada. Projecting outwards from this are representative illustrations of fishing implements 
interwoven with nets, bunting, &c. Following upwards is the large Blue Banner with 
" Canada " upon it, and the cross fishes, on the summit is the Crown of England. 

There is also in the inner part of the Court a scientific trophy, containing illustrative 
specimens of marine mammals, fishes in alcohol, mollusca, and Crustacea. 

W. D. DIMOCK ) 
J.G. COLMER ] Secretaries. 

DIVISION I. 

Nets and Traps of all kinds used in deep sea fishing, including the peculiar Nets used 
for taking the porpoise, herring scoops, gear for harpooning whales, trawls, hand lines 
hooks, &c., &c. Also Brand's Bomb Lance. Loaned by Honble. P. Fortin, of Quebec. 

DIVISION II. 
Oyster Dredges, Tongs and Bakes, Lobster Hoop-traps, Cases, Pots, and Spears. 

DIVISIONS III. AND IV. 

(1) Representation of Ice Boats, Dorey full size, Row, Lobster and Seine Boats, Pinkey, 
" Trawler," Sectional Models of different kinds of Fishing Crafts, Dugouts, &c. (2) Banker, 
full size and equipped, used in Cod Fisheries off Cape Breton Coast, exhibited by Messrs. 
Embree & Son, Nova Scotia. (3) Gaspe Fishing Boat, full size, used in Cod Fishing oft' 
the Gaspe Coast, and on the Miscou Banks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence; containing Nets, 
Hand Lines, Long Lines, Mackerel Lines, Fishermen's Clothing, &c. (4) Model of 
Vessel used in transporting the dried and salted fish from the Gulf of St. Lawrence to 
foreign markets. (5) Model of the Armed Schooner "La Canadienue," the first vessel 
employed in the protection of the Fisheries of Canada. (6) Models of various kinds of 
Boats as used by the fishermen of the Maritime Provinces of Canada are also exhibited. 

DIVISION V. 

Cordage of all kinds suitable for Fishing Vessels and for fishing purposes, Dartmouth Ropo 
Walk Company, Nova Scotia. 

DIVISION VI. 

Fog Horns System of signalling fishing crafts at night. 

DIVISION IX. 

Model of Life-Boat as used in Lake Ontario, designed and patented by Mr. <T. H. Hattoh. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON'S 

IMPROVED FISHING BAGS. 

S T R O NG AND WELL MADE. 
Sr, Queen Victoria fijt> a Ikonclpn, ]E*C. 



CANADA 




PROMENADE 




C 



NEWFOUNDLAND 

WILSON BENN.ISON. SURYEYOf -TO .EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



Canada,. 159 



DIVISIONS XIII. TO XX. 

Draw Nets for Salmon, Oolahan Nets, Traps for Eels, Ale wive Nets, Hooks, Fishermen's 
Knives, Spears, Sinkers, Floats, Hand Lines, Eods, Flies, Gaffs, Poke and Scoop Nets for 
Salmon, Bass, and Smelts, with Fishing Lines made of Kelp, Cedar Bark and Spruce, 
Spinner's with " Night-lure " as used by the native Indians in British Columbia. Rods, 
Flies, Reels, and a general assortment of Fishing Tackle are shown by Messrs. Allcock, 
Laight & Co., Toronto ; and the celebrated Trout and Salmon Rods of D. Scribner & Son, 
St. John, New Brunswick, are also exhibited. Fishing and Sporting Canoes, made by 
Messrs. Stephenson, English and others of Ontario, are shown in large numbers. Birch- 
bark Canoes of the Milicete and Micmac Indians. One of these can be seen daily on the little 
pond adjoining the Canadian Court. Models of Steam Tugs and Sail Boats used in capturing 
freshwater fish in the Province of Ontario, and Models of Trap Nets as used in the same 
Province are also exhibited. 

DIVISION XXI. TO XXIV. 

Fishermen's outfits of all kinds ; also contracts of agreement between employer and 
employe, as used especially in the Province of Prince Edward Island. 

DIVISION XXV. 

i. Models of fish-curing establishments. Methods of, and models and other representations 
of appliances for drying, curing, salting, smoking, tinning and cooking fish. 
Models of Gaspe Fish Curing Establishments, by Messrs. Chas. Robin & Co. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

ii. Fish dried, smoked, cured, salted, tinned, or otherwise prepared for food. 
Canned fish of all descriptions, especially Salmon, from Victoria, British Columbia, 
from Findlay, Durham, and Brodie, John Adair & Co., British American Cannery, British 
Union Cannery, Henry E. Croasdaile, Thomas' Earle & Co., English & Co., Ewen & Co., 
Haigh & Sons, Inverness Cannery (Agent, H. C. Beeton & Co., 36 Finsbury Circus, 
London), Laidlau & Co., Richmond Cannery, Windsor Canning Company; and samples 
of Preserved Lobsters from the following Firms, of which Henry Howard, 21, Lime 
Street, London, E.G., is the sole agent : Bain, Rdbert, Chatham, New Brunswick ; 
Bennet, Henry, Alberton, Prince Edward Island; Brown, W. S., Newcastle, New 
Brunswick ; Bulyea, W. H., Alberton, Prince Edward Island ; Clark, Robblee & Clark, Suna- 
merside, Prince Edward Islsnd ; Gallant, D. D., Cocagne, New Brunswick ; Golden Crown 
Packing Company, Halifax, N.S. ; McPhail, Neil, Magdalen Islands ; Northumberland Packing 
Company, Church Point, New Brunswick ; Petitpas, Samuel, Fifteen Point, Prince Edward 
Island ; Robichaud and Gagnon, Shemogue, New Brunswick ; Young, J. & R., Tracadie, New 
Brunswick; Young, Robert, Caraquet, New Brunswick; and Samples of Preserved Finnan 
Haddies from Thistle Haddie Canning and Curing Company, Digby, Nova Scotia. (2) Codfish 
Sounds and Tongues, dried and salted. (3) Salted Salmon Trout, Salmon, Herring, Halibut, 
Sea Trout, Fresh Water Trout, White Fish, Alewives, Labrador Herring, Shad, Codfish Sounds 
and Tongues, Eels, Sardines, &c. (4) Boneless Cod and Boneless Hake, specially prepared 
in Prince Edward Island and sent to West Indies and other markets, Smoked Salmon, Smoked 
Trout, Smoked Herring (well known as Nova Scotia Digby Chickens). 

Large medium, and small-size dried Codfish known as Gaspe dried Cod, prepared for Brazil 
and Mediterranean markets, by Chas. Robin & Co., Gaspe, Quebec. 

Small dried Codfish in drums, known as Gaspe small dried cod, as prepared for Brazilian 
market, by J. & E. Coll as, Gaspe. 

Dried Codfish, Hake, Cusk, Haddock, &c., in boxes, as prepared for West Indies markets, by 
Bremner & Hart, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 

DIVISION XXVII, 

Sturgeon, Hake, and Codfish, Dried Sounds, specially used in making isinglass. 

LADIES' WATERPROOFS 

In French Tweeds. Very Light and Elegant, 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

INDIA RUBBER MANUFACTURERS, 
37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



160 Canada. 



DIVISION XXIX. 

Oils of all kinds, such as Whale Oil, White and Black Porpoise Oil, crude and refined 
Cod Liver Oil, crude, refined and prepared for medicinal purposes, seal oil, sturgeon oil 
&c., &c. Zingler's Patent-Guano from fish offal, from Skeena Riser, British Columbia ; H. C. 
Beeton & Co., 36, Finsbury Circus, E.G. 

DIVISION XXXIII. 

(1) A Fish Carrying Box, on small truck wheels, used in Ontario on fishing tugs, and 
railways for carrying several tons of fresh fish in ice direct from the fishing stations to 
distant markets. J. Lcckie, Toronto. (2) Two large Freezers for preserving fresh fish in a 
frozen state for any period of time, containing frozen salmon caught in June and July 1882, 
and two large halibut, since March last, one weighing 475 Ibs. ; also containing cod, mackerel, 
bass, trout, cusk, and other fish all in good preservation. 

A Freezer, for freezing and preserving fresh fish in cakes of ice, containing samples of fresh- 
water fishes. C. W. Gauthier, Sandwich, Ontario. 

A Refrigerator, for keeping fish, meat, fruit, &c. (unfrozen), fresh and sweet for a length of 
time. Wttherow & Hillock, Toronto. 

A novel ice-house, built with paper walls, inside the Canadian Court, containing some sixty 
tons of Ice brought from Canada for supplying the Canadian Freezers and Refrigerators during 
the Exhibition. Designed by S. Wilmot, Esq. 

DIVISION XXXV. XLI. 

(1) A Working Model, showing the exact working of the Government fish breeding 
establishments in Canada. (2) A Working Section of full size Fish Breeding Troughs 
and Trays, in running operation, in which upwards of fifty thousand salmon eggs were safely 
hatched into healthy fry during the exhibition. (3) Glass and Metal Fish Incubators, in 
full operation, for hatching Corregoni and other fish ova of the smaller kinds than salmon 
eggs, each incubator having a capacity of a quarter of a million of ova. (4) Fish Egg 
Carriers in various forms, for transporting eggs short or long distances one of which, by a 
process of retardation, conveyed the ova safely across the Atlantic which were hatched out 
in the Canadian Court. (5) Fish Breeding Apparatus of all kinds : including Troughs, 
Trays of Glass, Zinc, and Tin, Safety Cans, Perforated Guards, Cans for carrying young 
fish long distances, Cleansers, Washers, &c., &c , &c. (6) A Plaster Model or Bird's eye 
View of a Canadian Salmon Breeding Establishment ; showing the freshwater ponds and 
reservoirs for rearing fry, the buildings in which hatching is carried on, and the salt-water 
reservoir in which some three hundred parent salmon are annually kept from May till 
November in a perfectly healthy state. Oil Paintings and Photographs of the several 
Hatcheries in Canada. NOTE. All the above-named fish-breeding appliances were originally 
designed and constructed by S. Wilmot, Esq. 

A Model, with Drawings of the latest Canadian invention of a fish ladder or salmon pass, which 
permits of an underground (water) passage for salmon, to surmount dams or other barriers with 
great success. W. H. Rogers, Esq., Nova Scotia. 
Models of Fish Ladders. J. H. Duvar, Esq., Prince Edward Island. 

(1) A Model, and also a Full-sized Salmon Register, for registering, by means of a clock dial, 
the number of salmon passing up a river or other waters. This register has been in actual use 
and practically tested wilh satisfaction and accuracy in Canadian rivers. Hon. D. E. Price, 
Quebec. (2) Specimens of Acclimatised Salmon from the salt waters of the Pacific to the 
fresh- water lakes and streams of Ontario, by S. Wilmot, Esq. 

DIVISION XLII. 

A Large Collection of Algse, arranged according to the various species and localities. Some r>f 
these specimens are new to scientists, and have consequently not yet been named. Prof. J. 
Macoun, Ottawa. 

ANDERSON, Aim, AND ANDERSON'S" 

FISHING HATS AND SOU'-WESTERS. 

WATERPROOFS THOROUGHLY VENTILATED. 

37, QTJEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, B.C. 



Ccvnada. 



160A 



DIVISION XLIII. 

A Dry Collection of Sponges, from Principal Dawson, Montreal. 

A Collection, both Dry and in Alcohol, from Prof. Honeyman, Halifax. 

DIVISION XLIV. 
Corals, in both dry and alcoholic collections. Also Polyps and Jelly Fish. 

DIVISION XLV. 
Collection of Entozoa of Fishes, from Kobert Morrow, Esq., Halifax. 

DIVISION XLVI. 
Mollusca (Dry and Alcoholic), from Nova Scotia Museum, and from Principal Dawson, Montreal. 

DIVISION XL VII. 

Sea Urchins and Holothuria, both dry and alcoholic collections. 

DIVISION XL VIII. 

Aphrodite Aculeata (6i inches long) and Nereidse. 

DIVISION XLIX. 

Insects and Jarvco of insects which are destroyers of spnwn or become fbod for fish. 
A Collection of 40 Cases, consisting of : (1) Twenty Cases of Lepidoptera. (2) Five Cases of 
Neuroptera. (3) Two Cases of Diptera. (4) Ten Cases of Coleoptera. (5) Two Cases of 
Hymenoptera. (6) One Case of Hemiptera. From Entomological Society of Ontario. 

DIVISION L. 
Collection of Crustacea dry. From Principal Dawson, Montreal. 

DIVISION LI. 

(1) Fish of all kinds stuffed, some of the skins having stood the test of ten years* exposure with- 
out injury, comprising many of the freshwater fishes of the great inland lakes of Ontario, and of 
other lakes and rivers in Canada, including large specimens of Salmtin from British Columbia, 
of 75 Ibs. and upwards. Amongst these are acclimatized Salmo salar of Lake Ontario and 
Salmo quinnat from the Pacific coast. Salmon Trout, weighing 70 lb#.; Muscalonge, 
42 Ibs. ; the famous Corregonus albus, or White Fish, of Canadian lakes ; Herring Salmon ; 
Brook Trout of 5 Ibs. ; Pickerel or Dore ; Black, White, and Green Bass ; Sturgeon and their 
young, a shovell nosed Sturgeon, 6 feet in length. Winnoniche, Carp, Cat-fish, Pike, Salmon and 
Trout from the Lower Provinces ; Cod Fish of 68 and 70 Ibs., Shad, Mackerel, Herring, &c. ; 
also a White Porpoise or Whale, 2000 Ibs. ; a Greenland Shark, 12 ft. long; and others of tho 
Shark species of great sizes ; Halibut of 220 Ibs. and upwards, and various other specimens of 
Sea and Freshwater Fishes. (2) Skeletons of Lopliius Piscatorius, the Angler Fish, and of 
the Head of a Cod Fish, exhibited by Eobcrt Morrow, Esq., of Halifax, N.S. (3) A 
Large Collection of Fishes preserved 'in Alcohol, and otherwise including many of the 
known fishes of the waters of Canada, scientifically arranged, named, and classified. (4) 
Paintings, Drawings, and Photographs of Fishes, by Prof. Fowler, Montreal. Varieties of Fish 
are shown in glass cases, with Photographs of such from British Columbia, also Barnacles and 
other interesting specimens gathered and forwarded by the Marquis of Lome. 

DIVISION LII. 
Alcoholic Collection. 



WATERPROOF COATS, 

SPECIALLY 



ETC 




ANDERSON 



MAKERS, 

, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, E,C. 

, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 



160B Canada. 



DIVISION LIII. 

This collection consists of (1) Baptores. White-headed Eagle and Ospreys (old and young). 
(2) Grallatores, Coots, Herons, Egrets, Sandpipers, Turnstones, Godwits. (3) Natatores. 
Razor-bill, Puffins, Guillemots, Divers (old and young), Loons, &c. Gulls, Terns, Cormorants. 
Gannets, Sea-ducks, Eider Ducks, Sheldrakes, Canvass-back Duck and Golden Eye. Many 
of these have been lent from the Museum of Laval University of Quebec. 

DIVISION LIV. 

Aquatic and amphibious - mammalia in large numbers, consisting of taxidermal specimens 
of Otters, Fishers, Minks, Musk-rats, Weasels, Seals ; also the famous White Whale of 
the Gulf of St. Lawrence (the specimen shown weighing 2000 Ibs.), with Basking, Thresher, 
Greenland and White- Sharks, one of the Greenland Sharks reaching the enormous weight 
of 600 Ibs. Prepared by J. V. Gregory, Esq., of Quebec. 

DIVISION LV. 

Maps of Canada with fishing weirs carefully marked. Charts of the provinces of 
Prince Edward Island and British Columbia. Transactions of the Nova Scotia Institution 
of Natural Science. Reports of the Fisheries of Canada, and of the progress made in Fish 
Culture, with Maps illustrative of the same, also a mammoth map of the Dominion of Canada, 
15 ft. by 30 feet, illustrative of the great agricultural, mineral and fishery sections of the country. 

DIVISION LVI. 

Specimens, showing the relation between extinct and living ' fishes, are shown in the 
collection of Devonian, Carboniferous, and Post Pliocene fossils, with fishes (Cetacea and 
Mollusca). 

Besides the exhibits specified may be found many others, one of the most attractive being 
a complete Milicete Indian Encampment. The rude appliances of the North American 
Indian for taking fish are shown, while the wigwam of birch-bark is of full size, and 
complete in every detail that is required to make up the Indian Fisherman's home. On 
the same terrace are shown the handsome Angler's Tents of the International Tent and 
Awning Company of Ottawa 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

Waterproof Riding Aprons & Hunting 
Leggings, and Valises. 

US', Queen "Victoria. St., London, J3.C. 



( 160o ) 



BAHAMAS. 

(See Plan, p. 92.) 

THE population of the Bahamas by the census of 1881 was 44,000 about 10,000 whites, 
the remainder blacks and coloured. The majority of the population can handle a boat, are a 
hardy and an adventurous race, and face any dangers in saving life and property. 

The fishing-boats, numbering 100, and employing 500 men, are usually of the sloop rig, 
with a leg-of-mutton sail, and a well for keeping the fish alive. The sponging and wrecking 
vessels, numbering 500, employing 5000 men, are of schooner rig, fine models, and fast sailers. 
They are built by the Islanders, the timbers being of native hard wood (horse-flesh), the 
planking of yellow pine, from North Carolina, and vary in tonnage from 15 to 60 tons. The 
spongers ship on the share principle. The cost of the outfit is first deducted from the sale of 
the sponges, then the shipowner takes one-third, the crew two-thirds. 

Fish are caught with fish-pots, hand-lines and nets, the nets being taken out some 
distance from the land, and hauled slowly in to the shore, when a great variety, many of 
brilliant and variegated colours, is usually secured. It forms an important article of food, but 
none are exported, with the exception of turtle (Chelonia Mydas), and the hawksbill (Chelonia 
imbricata) yielding the tortoise-shell of commerce. 

The bait used in line-fishing is usually the conch. The fish are drummed up by 
striking two shells of the conch together, and are ground-baited as in English rivers. During 
the boisterous north-west winds, prevailing between November and February, they^ are 
difficult to catch, and are brought alive in the wells of the boats, and thus sold in the market- 
place. The estimated value of fish used in home consumption is 18,000 per annum, and of 
turtle exported 600 per annum. 

King, queen, and common conch-shells are exported in large quantities, being used for 
cameos, and in the latter is found the beautiful pale pink pearl now becoming so valued. The 
value of shells exported is 1200 per annum, and of pearls 3000 per annum. 

Ambergris is also found on these shores, and sea-cucumber (trepang). The value of 
ambergris exported is 1000 per annum. 

Corals and small shells, which are very beautiful, are largely collected, and find a ready 
sale among the American visitors, and in England. 

The value of the sponge exports for 1883 is estimated at 60,000. In 1882 it was 
59,033. From a report by the American Consul at Nassau I extract as follows : " That the 
sponge-trade gives employment to several thousands of persons and some hundreds of vessels, 
the sponges being divided into coarse and fine. The principal varieties, in the order of their 
value, are known as sheep-wool, white reef, abaco velvet, dark reef, boat, hardhead, grass, 
yellow, and glove ; and of some of these varieties there are several grades, designated by 
numbers, all being used for mechanical, surgical, and bathing purposes. Bahama and 
Florida sponges are about equal in texture and value, but both are inferior to those of 
the Mediterranean. The vessels employed in sponging are small, with crews of from six 
to twelve men. About six weeks' provisions are taken on board, and they then coast along 
the banks and reefs, where the water is shallow, and generally so clear that the sponges 
are readily seen, and are brought to the surface by hooked poles or sometimes by diving. 
When first brought up they are covered with a soft gelatinous substance as black as tar 
and full of organic life, the sponge as we know being only the skeleton of the organism. 
The day's catch is spread out on the deck so as to kill the mass of animal life, which, in 
dying, emits a most unpleasant smell. Then the spongers go ashore and build a pen or 
' crawl ' of stakes close to the water's edge, so that the action of the tide may wash away the 
black covering, in which it is aided by pounding the sponges with sticks. When this operation 
is completed the sponges are strung upon small palmetto strips, three or four to a strip, which 



160D Bahamas. 



is called ' a bead,' when they are taken to Nassau to be sold in the sponge-market under 
certain conditions and regulations, nobody being allowed to sell his cargo otherwise than 
through this sponge exchange. On the conclusion of the sale the sponges are taken to the 
packing-yard, where they are sorted, clipped, soaked in tubs of lime-water, and spread out to 
dry in the sun. They are then pressed by machinery into bales, containing 100 Ibs., and in 
this state are shipped to England or the United States, which of late years is almost the 
largest customer for Bahama sponges. The export has been gradually increasing, for whereas 
in 1874 it only represented $76,500, last year it amounted to $150,000, and the year before to 
$168,000. A new sponge-field was discovered last year at the island of Eleutheia, sixty miles 
from Nassau, extending over an area of many miles, and yielding the sheep-wool, the most 
valuable quality. Notwithstanding this fact, there have been two drawbacks to working this 
field, one being, though the sponges are of a very large size, they are exceedingly tender in 
the inner portions, and will not cut to advantage ; the other, that at certain times of the year 
myriads of small fish, known as * sailors,' arrive at the field and stir up the muddy bottom to 
such an extent that not a single sponge can be seen." 

The sheep-wool sponge brings quite as high a price in markets as the Turkish variety of 
the same. The success which is said to have been attained in the artificial propagation of the 
sponge by Professor Oscar Schmidt, of the University of Gratz, may lead to great development 
of this industry in the Bahamas. To the late Sir John Lees, father of the present popular 
Governor, the people owe a debt of gratitude for the discovery of the sponge. 

In consequence of the number of Islands, harbours are easily made during heavy weather, 
and sad cases of distress are of rare occurrence. 

Several friendly societies exist for mutual aid in time of sickness. 

AUGUSTUS J. ADDERLEY. 



DIVISION I. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau. (1) Sponge Staffs, with Hook 
attached, (a) Used in obtaining large sponge. (&) Used in obtaining smaller sponge. (2) 
Four Staffs with Harpoon attached, used in turtle-fishing. (3) Grapnel, with Line attached, 
for hooking up turtle in deep water. (4) Two Specimens of Water Glasses. (5) Segment of 
a Turtle Net. (6) Segment of a Fish Net. (7) Fish Scoop. (8) Card containing specimens 
of Hooks and Lines used in deep-sea fishing. (9) Fish Pot. 

DIVISION IV. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau. Models of (1) Fishing 
Smack. (2) Sponging Vessel. 

DIVISION V. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau, Specimens of Eope used 
by fishing vessels, manufactured from the Palmetto. 

DIVISION XXI. 
CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau. Pair of Palmetto Shoes. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau. (1) Two Kegs of Pickled 
Goggle-eyes. (2) Keg of Pickled Jacks. (3) Case of Dried Bonefish Mullets, Conch. (4) 
A Barrel of Beche-de-Mer. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON 

Are the Largest Manufacturers of 

WATERPROOF GARMENTS 

IN THE WORLD. 

87, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.G. WORKS: LIMKHOUSE, B. 



Bahamas. 161 



DIVISION XXXI. 

FRANCATI & SANTAMARIA, 65 Hafcton Garden, London, (1) 
Specimens of Carved Conch Shells. (2) Cameos Shell Ornaments. 

FRAZER & HAWS, 31 Regent Street, London. (1) Diamond Shell 
and Scroll Head Ornament^ with fine Pink Pearl in centre. (2) Pink Pearl and Diamond 
Shell Pendant. (3) Diamond Heart-shaped Pendant, with fine Pink Pearl in centre. (4) 
Fine Pink Pearl and Diamond Cluster Centre Bracelet, with Diamond Laurel Leaves on 
bands. (5) Fine Pink and White Pearl and Diamond Double Heart Centre Bracelet, 
Diamonds on shoulders. (6) Large Pink Pearl and Diamond Hose-bud Spray Brooch. (7) 
Pink, Yellow, and White Pearl and Diamond Triple Eose-bud Brooch. (8) Pink, White, and 
Black Pearl and Diamond Bouquet and Bird Brooch. (9) Pink and White Pearl and Diamond 
Spray Brooch. (10) Pink Pearl and Diamond Spray Brooch. (11) Pink Pearl and Diamond 
Dragon Fly Brooch. (12) Two Pink Pearl and Diamond Rose-bud Spray Brooch. (13) 
Large Diamond Butterfly, with Pink Pearl body. (14) Pink and White Pearl and Diamond 
Spray Brooch. (15) Pink and Black Pearl and Diamond Double Heart Ring. (16) Pink 
and White Pearl and Diamond Double Heart Ring. (17) A fine Pink Pearl and Diamond 
Cluster Ring. (18) Pink Pearl Rose-bud Ornament on Gold Locket. (19) Two Pink Pearl 
Rose-bud Brooches. (20) A pair of Pink and Pearl Top and Drop Earrings. (21) A Pink 
and White Pearl Cluster Ring. (22) A Set of Pink Pearl and Diamond Studs. 

DIVISION XXXII. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau. (1) Case of Turtle Shell 
Jewellery and Ornaments. (2) Polished Hawksbill Turtle Back. (3) Polished Hawksbill 
Turtle (young). (4) Cross of native shell work. (5) Basket of native shell work. (6) 
Box containing Jewellery manufactured from shells and fish scales. (7) Box containing 
Jewellery manufactured from shells and fish scales. 

SAWYER, R. H., & CO. Specimens of (1) Sheep Wool or Carriage 
Sponge. (2) Abaco Velvet. (3) Ordinary Velvet, (4) Reef. (5) Hard Head. (6) Yellow. 
(7) Grass. (8) Glove. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau, Turbot Skins. 



XLIII. , 
iAUNDERS, S. P. Specimens of curious Sponge Growths, 

DIVISION XLIV* 

SAtfNDEllS, S, P. Specimens of Corals. 

BETHEL, JOHN. Specimens of (1) Brain Coral. (2) Branch 
Coral. 

BETHEL, WILLIAM. Specimens of Brain Coral. 
ROBERTS, ADMIRAL. Specimen of Brain Corah 

DIVISION XL VI. 
SAUNDERS, S. P. Collection of Bahama Shells. 

DIVISION XL VII. 

SAtfNDERS, S. P. Specimens of (1) Starfish, (2) Sea-urchins, 
(3) Sea Fans. (4) Feathers. 

BETHEL, JOHN. Specimens of Sea Fans and Feathers, 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON 8 ~ 

HAMMOCKS 



37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.G. 

N 



162 Bahamas. 



DIVISION L. 
(1) Sea' Crabs. (2) Small Sea Crabs. 

DIVISION LI. 

SAWYER, R. H., & CO. Jaw and Backbone of Shark. 
BETHEL, WILLIAM. (1) Backbones of Sharks. (2) Skin of 
Nursefish. 

BETHEL, JOHN. (1) Loggerhead Turtle-back. (2) Bladder of 
Sea Hedgehog. 

DIVISION LIII. 

CENTRAL COMMITTEE, Nassau Eighteen Specimens of Birds 
hostile to fish and waterfowl. 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON'S 
FISHING STOCKINGS AND BROGUES 

VEKY LIGHT.] "ALL |N Q^E. [VEBY STBONG. 



37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G. 



'( 163 ) 

CEYLON. 

(See Plan, p. 140.) 

THE FISHING INDUSTRY OF CEYLON. 

THE seas which surround the island contain an enormous quantity and variety of fish ; hardly 
any place in the world has been so richly endowed in this respect Tsy nature as Ceylon. 

A list of the commoner kinds of fish taken will be found in Tennent's Ceylon,' fifth 
edition, vol. L, pp. 205-232, and subsequent information on the subject will be found in Day's 
' Fishes of India ' (London, 1878), Blecker on ' Certain Varieties of Fish in Ceylon ' (Leyden 
1862). 

Formerly all the fisheries were a Government monopoly, and in 1840, when the monopoly 
ceased, the value of the fish caught was 48,210. Since that date no statistics have been 
obtained, but it is probable that the present annual value of fish caught is at least 150,000, 
and it is rapidly increasing. 

A few shark fins are exported to India, and some beche-de-mer (Holothuria) to China, 
35 tons worth (1200) being sent last year. Except these the only fishery products sent from 
Ceylon to foreign markets arise from the two remaining Government monopolies, viz., the 
pearl fishery in the Gulf of Maunar, and the Chank (TurUnellapyrum) fishery off the north- 
western coast. 

The former, which occurs at irregular intervals, yielded to Government 50,000 from 
eighteen millions of oysters in 1881, and the latter gives a steady revenue of about 400 a 
year from a million shells worth, about 1000 ; nearly all are exported to India. Both these 
fisheries are performed by divers, and a description of them will be found in Tennent's 
' Ceylon,' vol. ii. In the same locality is found the dugong (Halicor dugong) a remarkable 
cetacean whose semi-human appearance gave rise to the myth of the mermaid. 

The Maldive Islands, under the protection of Ceylon, maintain a large fishing industry 
and yield considerable exports. Last year they exported to Ceylon 1600 tons of dried and 
salted fish, worth 27,000, and a considerable quantity of tortoiseshell and cowries. 
India also sent to Ceylon 2800 tons salt fish, worth 47,000. 

This salt fish is used all over Ceylon as a relish with curries by the natives, and the 
tortoiseshell from the Maldives and Singapore is worked by native artists into tasteful jewel- 
lery which finds a ready local sale. The cowries are exported to India, where they are used 
instead of small coinage. 

No ships of any size are used in the fisheries ; the boats in use are 
Bedlams, which are large logs burned or hollowed out. 

Canoes, which are logs hollowed or burned out, having an artificial superstructure 
attached, and an outrigger. 

Katamarans or rafts of logs tied together. 

All these are fitted with sails, but they seldom Carry more than five men. 
Pada boats are of larger size and consist of two hollowed-out logs united by a plank 
flooring, with a plank superstructure attached. These boats will carry large nets and as many 
as fifteen men. 

The number of boats used in the fisheries is not less than 6400 j their manufacture is 
peculiar, as they contain no nails, all the joints being strongly sewn together with fibre and 
well caulked. This fact long ago attracted the notice of the Arabian navigators, and forma 
the basis of one of the episodes in the story of " Sinbad the Sailor." The nets are often 
very large and costly, some being worth 150. 

The whole of the coast round Ceylon swarms with fish. Perhaps the most productive 
portion is the southern coast the south-western coast is the most assiduously fished, as the 
greatest population is found there. The thinly-populated coast on the north-east is fished 
annually by a fleet of boats which starts from Negombo, twenty-four miles north of Colombo, 
every year about April ; the fish caught are salted on the Wrest foreslvore, and the fleet 
brings them back in October. 



164 Ceylon. 

Dried and salted fish are universally consumed by all classes of natives all over Ceylon. 
Fresh fish find a ready market on the sea coast, but the want of means of quick transport 
inland confines their consumption to a distance of a day's journey from the coast. 

The number of fishermen returned in the census of 1881 was 19,930, besides 1927 fish- 
mongers and 334 workers of tortoiseshell. 

The fishmongers are many of them hawkers who buy the fish in market as soon as the 
boats come ashore, and convey it inland for sale. 

When all the fisheries were a Government monopoly (1796-1840) the Colonial Govern- 
ment used necessarily to take a more active part in their management and regulation than it 
does now. At present, with the exceptions already noticed, the fisheries are entirely free and 
untrammelled, but Government provides market buildings at all the important fishing ports. 

In 1866 the Government passed an Ordinance to prevent the wanton destruction of fish, 
and in 1872 another Ordinance (No. 23 empowering village communities to make rules for the 
local regulation of their fisheries, of which many villages have taken advantage. The 
Government still appoints certain headmen who exert considerable influence amongst the 
fishermen. 

The fishing industry is almost entirely in the hands of a peculiar caste called in Sinhalese 
" Karawo," in Tamil " Karaiyar," or fisher caste, a considerable portion of which has joined the 
Eoman Catholic Church. These continue to devote to the Church the tithe of fish which they 
formerly rendered to Government. Caste feeling and the influence of their priests and headmen 
supplies the want which co-operative and benefit societies are designed 'to fulfil amongst 
Western peoples. The fishers are all closely related. Every large net or boat, and almost 
every garden near the sea, is owned by several owners in common shares, and where suitable 
fishing ground is small in area each net in the village is registered and drawn over it in its 
appointed turn. The fisher caste is by no means confined to its hereditary calling ; it now 
contains some of the wealthiest and most enterprising traders in the colony. 

The most pressing want at the present time is the establishment of large fish-curing 
industries at the most important centres ; these would in time not only render Ceylon inde- 
pendent of the import of dried fish, but place the colony in a position to export it, and thus 
give rise to a trade which would be of the utmost advantage. 

The prescribed limits of this paper preclude a detailed description of the contrivance?, 
often very extensive and ingenious, in use for the capture of fresh-water fish on the mainland, 
and for the same reason all attempt to describe the remarkable peculiarities and habits of some 
of the local species of fish has been omitted. Some of these will be found described in 
Tennent's* Ceylon.' J. A. SWETTENHAM. 

DIVISION I. 

Model No. 9. Sinhalese, Karakgediya. Tamil, Karappu. A circular wickerwork coop, about 
3 feet in height and about 5 feet in circumference at the bottom ; the circumference 
diminishes towards the top, where it is only sufficiently large to admit a man's arm. It is 
used in shallow water, and principally at night. A torch, or chool light, is carried in a boat, 
while the coop is carried by a man wading in the water, who, when the fish, attracted by the 
bright light, come near, drops the coop down on them, and then withdraws them through the 
opening at the top. Model No. 10. Sinhalese, Iratiya. Tamil, Mm pidipei. This is a trap 
somewhat similar to the " Karakgediya," but with no opening at the taper end. At this end 
is a contrivance with a trap door, allowing easy entrance but difficult exit. It is fixed in 
the narrow channels where water is drained from one land to another. Model No. 11. 
Sinhalese, Kumbala Dela. Tamil, Kunibala Wali. This net is about 100 yards long and 
6 yards in depth. It is cast about four miles out at sea, to catch a species of fish called Kuniba- 



flNDERSQN, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON 

fi@ 



Have the Largest and Best 
selection of Water- 
proof 






37, 



inLondon^ 

Bags and Valises for 
Bicycling and Tricycling, 
Lawn Tennis and Travelling. 
QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.G. 



Ceylon. 165 

lawa, about the size of herrings. Model No. 12. Sinhalese, Suda Dela. Tamil, Sudar Wali. 
This net is about 45 yards long and 6 yards in depth. It has a bag or noose at each of its 
four corners. It is taken by boat about 30 yards out to sea, whence two men swim ashore 
carrying each end of it. It is then hauled up on to the beach. Model No. 13. Sinhalese, 
Pulunnan Dela. Tamil, Chithippu Wali. This net is 125 yards long and 7 yards in depth. 
Model No. 14. Sinhalese, Athanguwa. Tamil, Pari. A species of landing-net. Used also 
for catching prawns in the mud of lakes. Model No. 18. Sinhalese, Wisidel. Tamil, Wisi 
wali. This net is 3 yards in depth and about 6 yards in circumference at its mouth. One 
end tapers to a point and has a long string attached to it. The other end or mouth is heavily 
weighted with lead, so that when thrown on the water it falls on the surface in a circular 
form, and while sinking to the bed of the stream or lake, encircles any fish that may be within 
its area. The string at the top end of the net then being pulled, the weights are gradually 
drawn together and the fish enclosed. 

DIVISION IV. 

Model No. 1. Sinhalese, Weladan Oruwa. Tamil, Yawara Thoni. About 20 feet in length 
Principally used, as its name signifies, for trading purposes. Model No. 2. Sinhalese, 
Warakan Oruwa. Tamil, Kachchana Thoni. A fishing-boat, mostly used during the north- 
east monsoon, from which it derives its name. Kequires a crew of four men, and fishes with 
hook and line from between twenty to forty miles out at sea. Model No. 3. Sinhalese, 
Hinguran Oruwa. Tamil, Hinguran Thoni. This boat gets its name from the species of 
small fish generally used on board it for bait. It carries a crew of seven fishermen, and fishes 
with hook and line from five to ten miles out to sea. Net No. 3 is used to catch the particular 
bait required ; it is 12 yards square. Model No. 4. Sinhalese, Issan Oruwa. Tamil, Iral 
Thoni. Fishes with hook and line, using prawns for bait, from which it has the name 
"prawn boat." Model No. 5. Sinhalese, Laggan Oruwa. Tamil, Surruku Wali Thoni. 
Fishes with net (No. 5) of about 20 yards long and 40 yards in circumference at its mouth. 
It carries a crew of five men, and catches large shoals of fish not unlike sardines or pilchards. 
Model No. 6. Sinhalese, Kattu del Oruwa. Tamil, Kattu Wali Thoni. Is used for fresh- 
water fishing only. Derives its name from the net it carries, viz., stake-net (No. 6), so called 
from the manner in which it is fastened in the current of a stream. The net is in the shape of 
a bag, 25 yards long, and with a mouth 4 yards in diameter. The mouth is fixed to eight 
stakes, placed in the bed of a stream in a semicircular form, at a distance of 1^ feet apart. 
Fishing with this net is generally carried on at night by torchlight. Model No. 7. Sinhalese, 
Kakuluwan Oruwa. Tamil, Nandu Thoni. This boat is six feet long, and is principally 
used for crab and prawn fishing in salt-water lakes. Baited lines are attached to long poles 
placed upright in the mud. When it appears from the line that a crab has caught hold of the 
bait, the boat comes near, and the line is gently drawn towards a net called " Athanguwa " 
(No. 14), into which the crab is shaken. Model No. 8. Sinhalese, Modduwa Oruwa. Tamil, 
Koduwa Thoni. Derives its name from a species of large fish called " Modda. 1 ' It is caught 
with hook and line, but on account of its weight requires to be taken on board in the net 
"Athanguwa," No. 14. Model No. 15. Sinhalese, Kattumaran. Tamil, ditto. This is a 
common description of raft ; it is made of three or four logs of wood, about 6 feet in length and 
2 feet in circumference, kept together by pieces of wood run through them in three places, with 
the ends of each piece projecting at either side. Hopes made fast to these ends, passed over 
from side to side of the raft, keep the logs firmly fixed together. The net (No. 1 5) used by 
this craft is about 30 yards long and 6 yards in depth, and is usually cast not more than three 
miles out at sea. Model No. 16. Sinhalese Madel paruwa. Tamil, Kawali pathei. This is a 
flat bottomed boat, plied with oars and poles. It derives its name from the Madel net which it 
carries. This net is 600 yards in length and 20 yards in depth. In casting this net one end 
is firmly fixed on shore, while the other, after the net has been paid out from the boat iii a 
straight line out to sea, is gradually brought round to the shore at a point about 40 yards 
distant from where the other end is made fast. Both ends are then gradually drawn together, 
as the net is being drawn on shore. Model No. 17. Sinhalese, Barudel paruwa. Tamil, 
Perumwaralpathei. A flat-bottomed boat, plied with oars and poles. Is named from the net 
" Barudel " which it carries. This net is 400 yards in length and 12 yards in depth, and is 
similar to the Madel, but on a smaller scale. 

The Best and Cheapest. First Established 1825. 



NEAVE S 
FOOD 



FOR 



INFANTS 

-A-lsTID 

INVALIDS. 



IN ONE- POUND ONE SHILLING CANISTERS. 
SOLD EVERYWHERE, WHOLESALE OF THE MANUFACTURERS, 

jr. n. WEAVE fc Co., ForcHng-toriclg-e, England. 



( 166 ) 



GOLD COAST COLONY. 



FISHERIES as to their economic value depend on quality, supply, and demand. Where a want 
equals the catch of the finny tribe, an industry may be viewed as healthy, whether the 
supply be marketable and local, or whether which is another consideration, and one 
more to the point as regards this paper local consumption or industrial demand, or both, 
does not equal the catch, and as a consequence the surplus has to be and can be profitably 
sent to more distant markets where disposal will readily follow. In the latter case so much 
would naturally depend on the available means and effective conveniences of transport, 
especially as to the disposition of fresh fish, or the effectiveness of curing where climate 
and circumstances put beyond consideration the transit of fresh fish. As a rule, it may bo 
said of the tropics that fresh fish to be enjoyed must be consumed on the day of the catch. 
It does not always admit, indeed, of this and the surplus captures, if energy prove sufficient 
for such an issue, are cured and sent to inland markets that offer. 

My remarks are meant to apply to the Gold Coast Colony, where the people may bo 
described as a fish-eating population, and where caste prejudices do not exist. Fetish 
restrictions may be at times, but rarely, imposed on the catch or consumption of this article 
of diet, but charity begins at home even with the Fetishman who is often a fisherman, 
and, when not, is the recipient of ''dashes" from the sea in the shape of fish by the pro- 
pitiators of the sea-god ; thus he would not be so shortsighted as to impose any restrictions 
on so needful and essential a commodity, especially when he would know that, were he so, 
his power of imposing obedience might be jeopardized by seafarers. 

In a country where local demand keeps pace with the population, and where the cost of 
fishing gear is comparatively, trivial when it is remembered that the value of time is not 
yet known so that the estimate of labour in the computation of outlay on appliances is not 
of much moment, the question of supply may be said to be favourably met; whereas as to 
the demand the sale-market is large and wide enough, representing, as it does, a huge 
interior, but a clammy and damp, at the same time hot climate, bad roads, no other means 
of transport 1 but in baskets on the heads of natives, imperfect system of curing, stand forth 
as obstacles, and indeed great ones, towards the development and growth of a healthy 
inland fish traffic. 

Philanthropic and scientific expeditions undertaken at various times in the past point to 
the fertility of the Eastern Atlantic as a fish-bed, but it is evident that sufficient advantage, 
compared with the fruit to have been reaped, has not been taken of nature's bounty ; and 
as regards West Africa, a comparatively new and scientifically unknown region, other 
mercantile and more popular attractions and manias have caused" the fish industry to be 
now what it was a hundred years ago, aye more ab initio the primitive calling and promotion 
of the aborigines in whose hands it has been and is, but towards whom more interest of a 
practical nature should have been, and it is to be hoped will be, directed in the matter, at 
least, of the improvement of the system of catch and healthy supply. 

No approximate value of the fisheries can be given. Data are not forthcoming. The 
population of the Gold Coast cannot, it would seem, be got within the range of "practical 
statistics." It will be ideal to state that most of the people, estimated in round numbers 
say at 400,000, live chiefly on fish, so that some conception can be formed of the consider- 
able catch there must be annually to supply such a mass, as also the great unlimited interior 
markets beyond our jurisdiction. 

The Gold Coast Colony prior to the following date made up of the settlements on the 
Gold Coast and the settlement of Lagos comprises, according to Letters Patent of 22nd 
January, 1883, all places, settlements, and territories belonging to Her Majesty the Queen, 
in West Africa, between the 5th degree of W. Long, and the 5th degree of E. Long. 
It must not be understood that the colony is one and undivided, for a strip of coast and 
country commonly nown as the Dahomean sea-board and territory intervenes. 

The population of the Gold Coast has, as already stated, never yet got beyond an estimate. 
Lagos was, however, more favoured, for in 1881 the census effort there applied and gave 
its population as 75,270, of whom 5,695 were returned as fishermen. 



Gold Coast Colony. 



167 



Against the consumption of locally-caught fish, it may be [interesting to have by way 
of comparison the value of imported fish, which I give for two years : 



Year. 


Value of fish imported. 
Gold Coast. 


Value of fish imported. 
Lagos. 


Value of total imports. 
Gold Coast. 


Value of total imports. 
Lagos. 


1880 
1881 


s. d. 

No statistics. 
248 1 11 


s. d. 

576 9 
273 15 8 




337,248 
398,123 




376,215 
336,659 



There has been no exportation of fish naturally. Imported fish, which is brought mainly 
from the United Kingdom, Germany, and America, is chiefly represented by tinned and 
smoked salmon, lobster, sardines, salt cod and ling, red herrings, and mackerel; and is 
supplied to meet the taste of Europeans and Europeanized natives. The aborigines, as a 
rule, prefer their own fish. 

The fishing craft of the colony is represented altogether by the canoe, " the dug-out," of 
varying sizes, regulated by the number of persons carried, viz. from 5 to 1. Canoes most 
frequently used are those for three persons ; they are propelled by paddles, the shapes of 
which vary tribally, the occupant (or occupants) resting on his knees, on his haunches, or 
standing erect. 

Sea fishermen usually pursue their avocations in the day; they rarely work at night; 
but to this rule there are exceptions, while in the lagoons freshwater fishing is conducted 
at times both day and night. 

Edible oysters are found both in beds, on the rocks running out into the sea, which are 
uncovered at low tide, and on trees (the mangrove). , 

The curing of shrimps and herrings forms a large industry, and represents a considerable 
trade within the colony* and beyond its border. 

The people suifer much from cutaneous diseases and uloerations which are attributed to 
the condition of the fish diet on which they, as a rule, have to depend. The primitive 
and defective system of curing must lose after a time its efficacy, and thus deleterious 
effects have been traced to imperfect or bad curing of fish, such as herrings, which the 
natives of the Gold Coast Colony principally consume. 

The following general nomenclature, taken from blue books and other records,' is given of 
(1) the fish, (2) Crustacea, and (3) molluscs caught : 

(1) Albicore, bonito, barracouta, bream, catfish, flying-fish, " grouper," herring, "jo," mullet, 
mackerel, " shinenoze," skate, snapper, sole, sword-fish, sprat, turbot, whitebait, electric fish. 

(2) Shrimps, crabs, lobsters. 

(3) Oysters, mud, rock, and mangrove. 

Different species of sharks abound. The manatee is also plentiful. 

Operations for the capture of the different forms of marine and freshwater life are con- 
ducted as a general rule by canoes, and effected by the following means Miniature 
models of the fishing gear, collected and presented by the writer, are to be found in the 
"Western Gallery of the Exhibition. 

1. Fish traps, bamboo baskets. 

2. Drag nets of pine apple or other fibre. 

3. Hand nets of pine apple or other fibre. 

4. Shrimp baskets of split bamboo. 

5. Shrimp or freshwater shell fish net. 

6. Matting or bamboo grating for encircling shallow ground and for entrapping fish. 

7. Manatus trap. 

8. Kroo canoe, for one. 

9. Hand nets corresponding with our" landing nets. 
10. Native fishing pot. 

12. Native water scoop for baling purposes. 

13. Native-made (of fibre) fishing line. 

14. Whips made of the skin of the manatus. 

15. Hand trawl net. 

The introductory object of this memorandum and want of space and time will not permit 
me to dwell here at further length on a subject of such interest and importance generally, 
but particularly so to the natives of the West Coast of Africa. 



Westerford, Church Eoad, Richmond, Surrey 
24 September, 1883. 



ALFBED MOLONEY. 



( 168 ) 



HELIGOLAND. 

(See Plan, p. 76.) 
THE fislring industry of Heligoland is carried on by a fleet of open boats which consist of : 





Description. 


No. 


Length. 


Beam. 


Depth. 


Draft of 
Water. 


Value. 


Remarks. 










feet. 


feet. 


feet. 


feet. 











Sloops 


31 


31 


9 


5 


2-3 


250 


(Model in Ex- 
\ hibition. 






Rudder Boats . . 


18 


28 


7 


3 


11 


125 








Middle Boats .. 


21 


24 


6 


2 


ii 


90 








Lobster Boata .. 


114 


18 


5 


2 


i 


27 







All these boats are built entirely of oak, and are flat-bottomed, to enable them to be 
beached, and are sailed with lee boards. 

Big. The sloops are rigged with sprit sail and fore sail, with two jibs ; as they carry 
no bowsprit, a spar is used temporarily for setting the jib, and when running free this spar is 
rigged out on the biam with the jib set on it. They all carry eight days' provisions and water, 
two anchors, a hemp cable, and from 7 to 9 cwt. of stone ballast. In case of the weather 
being too bad for them to get back, they anchor, take the mast down, and thus ride out the 
heaviest gale, one man constantly baling. The other boats are all rigged with standing lug. 

Gear. The fish is caught entirely by line ; every sloop carries from 15 to 22 lines, each 
of 40 fathoms with 40 hooks. The lines are shot across the stream ; the first line is secured 
to an anchor, which is buoyed ; the boat then stands across,' veering the lines as she goes, 
each line being bent to the next, and each line having a small anchor to take it to the bottom, 
and keep it there. When the end of the last line is nearly out, the boat anchors, and after 
a time weighs and works towards the buoy, hauling the lines in as she goes. The bait is usually 
sand eels, which are principally got on " Sandy Island," three-quarters of a mile from the main 
island of Heligoland. 

Formerly the fishing fleet consisted of nearly a hundred sloops, but by constant losses through 
gales it has dwindled down to the present number, of which but 27 are now fit for sea. 

Seasons. There are two fishing seasons, from March to the end of June, and from October 
to about January, i e. when the weather necessitates the hauling up of the boats. The fish 
caught is almost entirely haddock, with a few cod and an occasional turbot. 

Winter. In the winter the fishing is carried on in company. The fish is brought to 
the island and delivered to an agent, who has it cleaned and packed, to be forwarded by 
steamers, which are sent over on receipt of telegrams by the contractor on the continent. This 
autumn fishing for the last five years has yielded an average of 171,000. The highest year 
was 1880, with 368,700 haddock and 1,266 cod; the lowest 1881, with 58,300 haddock and 154 
cod, calculated at seven score the hundred, the average price paid by the contractor during 
the above period being 1 3s. per hundred (140) haddock and cod Is. each. 

Spring Fishing. In spring the boats generally take their own fish to such markets on 
the opposite coasts, often from the fishing grounds themselves ; it is therefore very difficult to 
arrive at a correct calculation of the season's catch, as well as to estimate the total sum 
realized, no data having been kept. Prices, however, I find vary from 15. to 3 10s. per 
seven score. 

Summer. In summer there is little or no fishing carried on beyond what is needed to 
supply the wants of the restaurants, &c., most of the fishermen being employed in the ferry 
which takes the visitors over to bathe at Sandy Island, and in boating along with the guests. 

Lobsters. From 20,000 to 30,000 lobsters are collected annually on our rocks, the close 
season being from the 13th June to the 13th September. These are stored in lobster boxes 



Heligoland. 169 



containing often as many as 200 each, the fish being either for local use, or are sent to the 
Continent, where Heligoland lobsters are greatly prized. It is estimated that to obtain these 
results 4000 lobster pots (model to be seen with sloop) are in use, value about 4s. each. The 
heavy gales to which we are so subject do great injury to these pots, so that the occupation is 
not so remunerative as it would seem. The average price realized for lobsters per Ib. is from 
lid. to Is. 6cZ. 

Oysters. The Heligoland Oyster Bank is let to a contractor ; it is fished from September 
to March by the sloops, aided by rudder boats, on a bank about three miles to the eastward of 
the island, dredges being used. It has yielded but 130,000 of late years, mainly owing to 
disagreements between the contractor and the fishermen. The price paid is 7 marks per 
thousand delivered to the contractor's agent in the island. 

Fishing grounds. The Haddock fishing grounds are from the N. through W. to S.E. of 
the island at from eight to forty miles from it. 

The Lobsters are caught on the reefs that extend N.S. and W. of the Main and Sandy 
Island to a distance of about four miles. 

Use of fish. The Heligolanders live almost entirely on fish, a meat meal being of rare 
occurrence. Fish is not used as manure, neither is it cured for export or for sale. 

Fishermen. By last census there were 307 returned as fishermen ; the entire population, 
however, could be almost included (out of the bathing season) in this category, as old men and 
children aid in preparing lines, &c., which are cleaned, carried, and baited by the women. 

Colonial Aid. No special action in aid of fishermen, on the part of the Colonial 
Government, is possible in the present impoverished state of its finances. 

Benefit Societies. When our fleet was nearly destroyed in 1878 a subscription was started 
in Germany in aid of the fishermen, which realized 1535 ; from this loans without interest 
were given to the sufferers. The balance with the interests thereon and the repayments as 
above amounts now to 840, which sum is allowed to accumulate till it reaches 1000, when 
it is to form the capital of an assurance fund or benefit society started at the same time to aid 
in repairing future disasters ; to it the fishermen contribute : 

Autumn fishing: for each 100 (7 score) of fish 1 M. = l shilling; 100 oysters 5 Pfennig, 
about \d. 

Spring fishing : each sloop, 15 shillings ; each rudder boat, 12 shillings ; each middle boat, 
8 shillings ; each lobster boat. 4 shillings. 

The amount subscribed up to date is 460 10s.; the amount spent in particular aid, 
452 10s. ; in hand, 8. 

Should the society dissolve, then the money is to be divided among the subscribers, with 
the exception of the capital of 1000, which is to remain for ever at interest for the benefit of 
old fishermen and their widows. 

Final Bemarks. Though the waters of the North Sea abound in fish, and often fleets 
of hundreds of English, German and Dutch smacks are in sight of the island, the Heligo- 
landers, though yielding to none as fishermen, cannot participate in the riches which God has 
brought to their door, for without a harbour they can but use vessels such as can be hauled up 
in bad weather, and therefore such as preclude them from going far to sea to earn their daily 
bread. T. O'BRIEN, Lieut.-Col, 

Governor. 

DIVISION I. 

LUHRS, KILMER, Heligoland. Fishing line in tray, complete. 

DIVISION II. 

LUHRS, HILMER, Heligoland. (1) Lobster Pot. (2) Model of a 

Lobster box. 

DIVISION IV. 

JASPERS, PAUL A., Boatbuilders, Heligoland. Model of a Heligoland 
Fishing Slope with all necessaries for fishing. 

DIVISION V. 
GAETHES, H,, Heligoland. Bipy, invented by the Exhibitor. 



( 170 ) 

JAMAICA. 

(See Plan, p. 76.) 



THIS island is situated in the Caribbean Sea, and to the southward of the eastern extremity 
of Cuba, within N. latitude 17 40' and 18 30' ; it is 140 miles long, 50 in extreme breadth, and 
contains 4200 square miles. The population by the last census (1881) was 580,804, of which 
14,433 were whites. 

The waters of Jamaica abound in excellent fish, but its fisheries are not utilized to any 
extent. The best illustration of this fact is that the importation of cured fish amounts 
annually to 200,000, whilst the take of fresh fish at their doors is only 30,000 per annum. 

The Jamaica Institute, with'the view of developing these resources, and making the people 
more independent and self-supporting, and stimulating fish curing, are offering prizes for 
specimens. There is not much enterprise, however, shown at present, although the fisheries 
are capable of easy expansion. The number of boats and canoes employed is about 1000, and 
of men 3000. 

Turtles (Chelonia Mydas) are exported alive, and sun-dried, and tortoise-shell from the 
Chelonia inibricata. They are mostly caught at the Cayman Island and the Moraut and 
Pedro Cays. The exports of turtle amount to 1000 per annum, of tortoise-shell 2000 per 
annum. The latter is manufactured into ornaments and useful articles in the colony. 

The principal salt-water fishes are : The Calipevaor Jamaica Salmon, June fish attaining 
the large size of 200 to 304 Ibs., Hog-fish, Angel-fish, Dolphin, Porgee, Grouper, Sun-fish, 
Grunts, Croakers, and Drummers; all the three last deriving their names from the sounds 
they utter when caught ; Snappers, Silts, caught at 200 fathoms in depth ; King-fish, 
Barracouta, and many others which limited space will not admit of naming. Of fresh-water 
fish, the best are: Mountain Mullet, Crayfish, Silver Eel, Mud-fish, &c. ; and in brackish 
waters, Jew- fish and Calipeva. Fish are caught with lines, fish-pots, and the seine. The 
price varies from IJd. to 6d. per pound. Reference is suggested to the Handbook of Jamaica, 
and an interesting paper thereon by Anthony Musgrave, Junr. 

Most of the Jamaica fishes are represented in preserved form, either in alcohol or 
stuffed, grouped in various parts of the Court. The entire collection has been loaned by the 
Jamaica Institute. A. J. ADDERLEY. 

LIST OF EXHIBITS. 

(1) Map of Jamaica, prepared from the best authorities under the direction of Major 
General J. R. Mann, B.E., Director of Roads, and Surveyor-General by Thomas Harrison, 
Government Surveyor, Kingston, Jamaica, 1873. (2) Collection of Stuffed Fish. (3) Water 
Colour Paintings of Sea Fish, prepared by Mrs. Curtis, of Kingston. (4) Case of Carapaces 
of Green Turtle and Hawk's Bill Turtle. (5) Two Cases of Manufactured Tortoise Shell. 
Exhibited by Edward Andrews, 215, Tower Street, Kingston, Jamaica. (6) Case of Sun-dried 
Green Turtle, Callipee, Calapash, and Prepared Dried Skin, Bottle of Green Turtle Fat, and 
bottle of pure Turtle Oil. Prepared by Mrs. E. Murray Auld. (7) Case of different sorts of 
Bathing Sponges. (8) Model of a Canoe. Exhibited by Inspector Rivett (Jamaica Con- 
stabulary), sent from Sav.-la-Mar, Westmoreland. (9) Model of Fishing Canoe, in general use 
on the coast, made by E. Sullivan, pilot and fisherman, of Bull Bay, St. Thomas in the East. 
It is usually hewn out of the trunk of the silk cotton tree, and the cleats, &c. are of calabash 
wood. Three men are the number commonly employed on fishing expeditions, the canoe 
being worked with paddles or a sail. (10) Model of Fresh-water Fishpot, for taking mullet, 
snook, &c. Presented by Sub-Inspector Rivett, parish of Westmoreland. (11) Withes used 
for mooring fish pots. Presented by Sub-Inspector Rivett, parish of Westmoreland. (12) 
Model of Single-funnelled Fish-pot. Made by Sullivan, Bull Bay, out of split bamboo. (13) 
Model of Double-funnelled Fish-pot. Made by Sullivan, Bull Bay, out of split bamboo. 

WATERPROOF FISHING GOATS, 

TO SHORTEN AT PLEASURE, AND WITH INNER CUFFS 
TO PREVENT WATER RUNNING UP. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON^ 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G. 



NEWFOUNDLAND. 

(See Plan, p. 176.) 



THIS island is situated between the parallels of 46 and 50 north latitude and the meridians of 
52 and 59 west longitude, at the mouth of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and has an area of 42,000 
square miles, with a coast line of over 2000 miles. 

It has also belonging to it the Labrador territory, with a coast line of nearly 1000 miles. 

Newfoundland is the oldest colony of Great Britain, having been discovered in 1497; it is 
also the nearest to the United Kingdom, being but 1640 miles from the Irish coast. 

Along all these coasts are the celebrated fishing grounds to which the fishermen resort in 
pursuit of their avocations. 

The island has besides very valuable and extensive mineral resources, which have but 
recently been brought to light, but which promise to become an important source of industry 
and wealth. The principal of these are copper and lead ; and when the country is opened up, 
by means of tlie railway now in course of construction, it is the opinion of the best scientists, 
that Newfoundland will take a leading place among the mineral countries of the world. 

PRESENT VALUE OF THE NEWFOUNDLAND FISHERIES. 

The principal commercial fishes taken from the waters around Newfoundland and 
Labrador are the Cod, the Seal, the Herring, the Salmon, and the Lobster. The quantities of 
other fish taken are too small to render them of commercial importance. 

THE COD FISHERY is by far the most important, its products averaging in value three- 
fourths of the entire returns of the fisheries. 

The following statement shows the values of the cod-fishery products for the years 
named: 1880, exported, $5,309,481, consumed in the colony, $408,000; 1881, exported. 
$5,542,576, consumed in the colony, $384,000 ; 1882, exported, $5,978,668, consumed in the 
colony, $480,000. Total exported, $16,830,728; Total consumed in the colony, $1,272,000. 
Total value in three years $18,102,728 or 3,771,402 sterling. Average annual value of the 
products of the cod fishery for the last three years $6,034,242 or 1,257,134 sterling. 

The following statement shows the value of the codfish taken by the French on that portion 
of the Newfoundland coast over which their fishing privileges extend, and is exclusive of their 
bank fisheries: 1880, $250,920; 1881, 342,588; 1882, 244,800. Total, $838,308. Average 
annual value, $279,436 or 58,216 sterling. The products of the cod fishery above referred to, 
include the dried codfish exported, the common cod oil, the refined sod-liver oil, the roes 
exported for bait in the Sardine Fishery, and the dregs. The cod oil is chiefly exported 
to Britain, where it is found peculiarly valuable in dressing leather. The refined cod-liver oil 
is used for medicinal purposes. 

The following statement shows the quantities and value of these products respectively, for 
the years named: 1880, Dried Codfish, 1,419,503 quintals (112 Ibs.), $4,826,317; Cod Oil, 
4,483 tuns, $448,300 ; Refined Cod Liver Oil, 172 tuns, $30,960. 1881, Dried Codfish, 1,583,132 
quintals, $5,066,022; Cod Oil, 4,127 tuns, $445,716 ; Refined Cod Liver Oil, 144 tuns, $25,920. 
1882, Dried Codfish, 1,463,439 quintals, $5,853,756 ; Cod Oil, 4,254 tuns, $493,464 ; Refined 
Cod Liver Oil, 147 tuns, $28,224. 

SEAL FISHERY. The Seals are taken by the crews of steamers and sailing vessels on the 
ice fields off the north-east coast of the island, and in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, during the 
months of March and April. 

The following statement shows the number of Seals taken and their value, in the years 
named: 1877,. 451,678, $1,116,360; 1878, 409,658, $1,006,568; 1881, 447,903, $957,760. 
Total number of Seals, 1,309,239. Total value, $3,080,688, or 641,810 sterling. Average 
number of Seals taken in three years, 436,413. Average annual value of Seals taken in three 
years, $1,026,896, or 213,937 sterling. 



172 Newfoundland. 



The products of the Seal Fishery include the Skins and Oil. The former are exported in 
a salted state to Britain, where they are tanned or used by furriers. The Seal Oil, extracted by 
steam process, is sent to Britain, where it is largely used in coal mines for illumination, also in 
lighthouses. It is also used in the manufacture of the finer kinds of soap and candles. 

The following statement shows their respective quantities and values in the years named : 
1877, Seal Skins, 451,678, $361,342 ; Seal Oil, 6,081 tuns, $754,044. 1878, Seal Skins, 409,658, 
$286,760; Seal Oil, 5,992 tuns, $719,040. 1881, Seal Skins, 447,903, $403,112; Seal Oil, 
4,773 tuns, $553,668. 

HERRING FISHERY. Herrings are taken all round the Island at certain seasons, but the 
chief centres of the Herring 'Fishery are Labrador, Bonne Bay, Bay of Islands, .St. George's 
Bay, and Fortune Bay. 

Statement showing the value of Herrings exported in the years named: 1880, $226,946; 
1881, $269,556 ; 1882, $228,128. Total, $724,630. Average annual value of Herrings exported 
in three years, $241,543. Average annual value of Herrings taken by the Newfoundland 
fishermen, and sold to the French and Americans as bait or for food, $100,000. Average 
annual value of Herrings consumed in the Colony $240,000. Average annual value of the 
Herring Fishery $581,543, or 121,155 sterling. 

SALMON FISHERY. Statement showing the value of Salmon exported in the years named : 
1880, $138,904; 1881, $80,348; 1882, $124,264. Total, $343,516. Average annual value in 
three years, $114,505, or 23,855 sterling. 

LOBSTER FISHERY. Statement showing the value of Lobsters exported in the years 
named: 1880, $95,712, 1,124,580 Ibs. 1881, $111,408, 1,346,240 Ibs. 1882, $105,432, 
1,265,224 Ibs. Total, $312,552, 3,736,044 Ibs. Average annual value of Lobsters exported in 
three years, $104,184 or 21,705 sterling. Average quantity taken in three years, 1,245,348 Ibs. 
Estimated annual value of all other fish taken, $40,000. 

^RECAPITULATION. Average annual value: Cod Fishery, $6,034,242; Seal Fishery, 
$1,026,896; Herring Fishery, $581,543; Salmon Fishery, $114,505: Lobster Fishery, 
$104,184; all other Fish, $40,000, Total average value annually of the fisheries $7,901,370 
or 1,646,118 sterling. 

COUNTRIES TO WHICH THE FISH ARE EXPORTED. The countries to which the bulk of the 
dried Cod Fish is exported are the United Kingdom, Brazil, Portugal, Spain, the United 
States, Italy, Spanish and British West Indies, and the Dominion of Canada. The products 
of the Seal Fishery are sent almost exclusively to the United Kingdom. Lobsters are exported 
to Britain, and Herrings chiefly to Canada and the United States. 

EXPORTS. The following statement shows the total value of the Exports of the Colony 
for the years named: 1880, $7,131,095; 1881, $7,648,574; 1882, $8,228,291. Average value 
of Exports for three years $7,669,320, or 1,597,775 sterling. 

In the foregoing Exports are included quantities of Copper Ore exported, the value of which 
was as follows : 1880, $510,900 ; 1881, $596,068 ; 1882, $382,020. Average annual value of 
Copper Ore exported in the three years $4^6,329, or 103,402 sterling. 

SHIPPING. The registered tonnage of the Colony at present is 1,895 vessels, having a 
tonnage of 89,655 tons ; of these 1,866 are sailing vessels and 29 are steamers. In addition, 
60 vessels were engaged in 1882 in the foreign carrying trade, which, though owned in 
Newfoundland, were registered in Britain. 

The number of sailing vessels entered at the various ports in 1882 was 1,306 ; their tonnage 
160,887 tons ; their crews numbered 7,840. The number of sailing vessels cleared at the various 
ports in 1882 was 1,107; their tonnage 143,720; their crews numbered 7,200. 

The number of steamers entered at the various ports in 1882 was 191 ; their tonnage 
150,107; their crews numbered 6,758. The number of steamers cleared at the various ports in 
1882 was 176 ; their tonnage 147,784 ; their crews numbered 6,568. 

NUMBER OP FISHERMEN. According to the census of 1874 there were 45,845 persons 
employed in fishing and curing fish. In 1883 there are about 52,550 thus employed, allowing 
for the increase of the population. The number of able-bodied fishermen in the Colony in 1874 
was 26,377 ; there are now about 30,238. 

A bounty of three dollars per ton is granted to all vessels over fifteen tons built in the 
Colony. 



Newfoundland. . 173 

Fishermen have a first lien on the products of each season's fishing operations for wages 
or shares. 

The following statement shows the extent and value of the French Fisheries on the Banks 
and on the Coast of Newfoundland in the years named : 

Qtls. of Codfish taken, 

Year. Men. No. of vessels. Tonnage, (112 Iba.) Value. 

1878 7,858 181 30,350 321,411 285,673 sterling. 

1879 7,168 177 27,865 369,628 279,697 



HADDON, J. (1) A Fisherman's Some, showing dwelling-house, 
garden, and fields. (2) Fishing Schooner and Boats. (3) Stage for Landing, Splitting, and 
Salting Fish. (4) Flakes for Drying. (5) Fish Store. 

Oils. 

MUNN, JOHN & CO. Sweet Seal, New Process. 
GRIEVE, W., & CO. Sweet Seal, New Process. 
JOB BROTHERS & CO. Sweet Seal, New Process. 
TESSIER, P. & L. (1) Pale Seal, Vat. (2) Tinged Seal, Vat, 
(3) Brown Seal, Vat. (4) Medicinal Cod Liver. 

HARVEY & CO. Medicinal Cod Liver. 
MARCH, S., & SONS. Medicinal Cod Liver. 
M'DOUGALL & TEMPLETON. Medicinal Cod Liver. 
MUNN, JOHN, & CO. Cod, used by Curriers. 
GRIEVE, W., & CO. Cod, used by Curriers. 
TESSIER, P. & L. Cod, used by Curriers. 
MUNN, JOHN, & CO. Herring. 
GRIEVE, W., & CO. Pale Whale. 
BOYD, WM. Shark. 

Seals. 

LIVERPOOL FREE PUBLIC MUSEUM, Newfoundland Produce 

lent by the Committee. (1) Harp (Phoca Grcenlandica), Male, Female, Young and Immature. 
(2) Hooded or Bladder Nose (Stemmatopus cristatus). (3) Harbour Kanger or Floe Eat 
(Pagomys fcetidus). (4) Square Flipper (Phoca larbata). 

WHITELEY, WM. H. (1) Model of Cod Fish Trap, invented by 

him and first used at Bonne Esperance, Labrador. (2) Seal Fishing Net. 

GOLDER, P. W. (1) Sealing Steamer " Vanguard," owned by John 
Munn & Co., Harbour Grace. (2) Sealing Brig " Isabella Kidley." 

GRIEVE, W., & CO. Sealing Steamer "Lion." 

. 

Dried Codfish. 

GRIEVE, WALTER, & CO. 
JOHNSTON, BAINE, & CO. 
HARVEY & CO. 

THE IMPROVED 

VENTILATED FISHING JACKETS, 

MADE ONLY BY 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

INDIA-RUBBER MANUFACTURERS, 37, QUEEI VICTORIA STREET. 



174 



Newfoundland . 



CENTRE 











i 






CANADA 








NFTS 
S-UFFED SEAli 


ti. 
u 




gQs^^ 


MODEL | 






L t^ 





UNITED-STATES 




7O WEST ARCADE 



DENMARK 




Fish in Spirits. 
NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. (1) Herring. (2) Cod 

Fish. (3) Salmon. (4) Mackerel. (5) Smelts. (6) Sea Trout, male and female. (7) Brook 
Trout. (8) Ling. (9) Caplin, bait for God Fish. (10) Squid, bait for Cod Fish. (11) 
Lance, bait for Cod Fish. (12) Salmon Trout Eggs. (13) Tom Cods, the young of Cod Fish 



ggs. 
(17) 



(14) Haddock. (15) Bream. (16) Mussels. (17) Prickly Backs. (18) Cat Fish. (19) 
Dog Fish. (20) Bill Fish. 

BOYD, W. (1) Wolf Fish. 

NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. (1) Bullhead. (2) Stuffed 
Cod Fish (4). 

GRIEVE, W., & CO. (1) Whale Bone. (2) Tusks of Narwhal. 
Models of Fishing Craft. 

BURKE, JOHN. (1) Bait Skiff. (2) Jack carrying 30 cwt. of 
Green Fish. 

MULLOWNEY, STEPHEN. Western Fishing Boat. 

KEARNEY, MICHAEL. Western Fishing Boat. 

MULLOWNEY, STEPHEN. Bank Fishing Schooner. 

O'BRIEN, P. (1) Labrador Fishing Schooner. (2) Model of a Life- 
Boat. (3) Whale Boat. (4) Sealing Brigantine. 

STEER, JOHN. (1) Preserved Lobster in tins. (2) Preserved 
Trout in tins. 

CHRISTIAN, W. Preserved Salmon in tins. 

NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. (1) Specimens of Ihe 
various Shells found on the Newfoundland Coast. (2) Scallop and Crab Shells. (3) Drawings 
exhibiting various pursuits in connection with the Newfoundland Fisheries ARTIST, JOHN 
HAT WARD, JUN. Landing, Heading and Splitting Cod ; Salting, Washing and Drying Cod 
Hauling a Cod Seine ; Hauling a Caplin Seine ; Hauling a Herring Seine ; Hauling a Cod 
Trap; Overhauling a Bui tow; Caplin Dip, Netting and Casting; Squid Jigging; Hook and 



Newfoundland. 



175 



GALLERY, E T U. 

SWEDEN NORWAY 



ftlODE<-3 frlODEl-^ IM O D E L S I 

&IPLANS &IPLA.IS I I 




WILSON BENKI1S6N SURVEYOR TO EXECUTIVE COMMIT 

Line Fishing ; Bait Skiff supplying Boats ; Salmon Net being set, Barring a Harbour to 
secure Herrings ; Lobster Fishery in full operation ; Newfoundland Seal Fishery, first trip : 
Newfoundland Seal Fishery, second trip ; Taking Seals from Frame ; Fish Trade Barque ; 
.Fish Trade Schooner; Devil Fish attacking a Boat; Batting Young Seals; Cooling Seals; 
Batting Old Hoods Large Old Dog at bay with hood inflated ; Swatching and Trolling Old 
Hoods ; Sealers Hauling Seals ; Sculping young Seal ; Newfoundland Sealer full dress ; 
Loading ; A Crow's Nest ; Seal Skinning ; Bow Shears and Ice Claws ; Copying, i.e., running 
across Channel over small pans of ice ; Washing Fish in a Rain's-Horn ; Ship moored to an 
Iceberg to avoid Drifting in running Ice ; A Fan of Seals ; Landing Seals ; Methods of 
Crossing a Channel with Tows of Seals ; The St. John's Newfoundland Sealing Fleet leaving 
St. John's, March 10 ; Green Bay Method of Sealing ; Sealing Punt equipped. 

GRIEVE, W., & CO. Drum containing 128 Ibs. Codfish, prepared 
for the Brazil market. 

ANGEL, J., Victoria Foundry. Screw Press for pressing dried Fish 
into drums. 

JOB BROTHERS & CO. Fish Guano. 

LABRADOR FERTILIZER COMPANY. Fish Guano. 

NEWFOUNDLAND PRODUCE, lent by the Watt Museum, 
Greenock. 

Seals. 

(1) Harps, Old and Young (Phoca Grcenlandica). (2) Hooded, Old and Young (Stemmatopus 
cristatux). (3) Grey or Harbour Seal (Pagomys fcetidus). ' 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON'S 

IMPROVED 

RIDING OR HUNTING WATERPROOFS, 

WITH LEGGINGS A.TTVA.OKCEr>. 

87, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.G. WORKS-LIMEHOUSE, E. 



176 Newfoundland. 



NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. Stuffed Otter. 

Stuffed Birds. 

(1) Old Wife, or Can-ca-wee (male), Eider Duck (female), Eider Duck (male), Two Great 
Northern Divers (Loon), Bed Throated Diver (male), Eed Throated Diver (female), Sheldrake 
or Goosander (male), Sheldrake or Goosander (female). (2) Lobster Traps. (3) Otter Traps. 
(4) Sealing Gun, as formerly used for Shooting Seals. (5) Eifle, with Cartridges, as at 
present used. 

THE COLONIAL CORDAGE COMPANY. 

Cordage, 
Coir, 4 in. ; Bolt-rope, 3 in, ; Lanyard Laid, 3 in. ; White Manilla, 4 in. 

Lines and Twines. 

Long Lines, Hand Lines, Hand-laid Lines, Salmon Lines, Deep Sea Lines, Trouting Lines, 
Signal Halyards, Patent Log Lines, Snooding, Spunyarn, Houseline, Marline. 

NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. (1) Model of Seal Factory. 
New process of manufacture, whereby the Oil is expressed free from odour. (2) Modt4 of Seal 
Vat. Old process of manufacture. (3) Newfoundland Fisherman in Customary Garb. (4) 
Sturgeon. (5) Shark. 

MOUNT LLOYD MINING CO., Little Bay. Specimens of 
Copper Ore. 

NEWFOUNDLAND COMMISSION. 

Specimens of Ores. 

(1) Two Copper Tilt Cove Mines. (2) Nickel, Tilt Cove Mines. (3) Magnetic Iron Tilt 
Cove Mine. (4) Copper, Betts's Cove Mines. (5) Copper Rabbits Arm. (6) Copper, 
Consolidated Mining Co. (7) Copper, Lady's Pond. (8) Copper, Colchester. (9) Magnetic 
Iron, Lady's Pond. (10) Galma (La Manche). (11) Galma, Great Placentia. (12) Argen- 
tiferous Galma, Little Placentia. (13) Manganese, Topsail Head. (14) Coal, St. George's 
Bay, South. (15) Coal, St. George's Bay, North. (16) Gypsum, St. George's Bay, North. 

STEPHEN, WILLIAM, & SON, Seal and Whale Fishers and 
Tanners, St. John's, Newfoundland and Dundee. (1) Trophy, showing Seal Skins dressed as 
Leather and Furs; also Porpoise Leather, and ornamented by stuffed specimens of Arctic 
Animals, with the Implements used in the capture and dressing of same. (2) Also specimen a 
of Seal, Whale, and Porpoise Oils. (3) Whalebone and other produce of Seal and Whale 
Fisheries. 

KNIGHT, SAMUEL, Harbour Grace, Newfoundland. Design for 
a Life-boat, with descriptive text. 

TREADWELL, W. C. (1) Preserved Salmon in tin. (2) Preserved 
Lobster in tin. (3) Preserved Sea Trout in tin. 

FORSEY, G. & C. Preserved Lobster in tin. 

KENNEDY, CAPTAIN, R.N., Newfoundland. (1) Grouse or 
Ptarmigan, showing their plumage at different seasons. Sixteen specimens. (2) Head of a 
Caribou Stag (" Brigham Young") of Newfoundland; killed by Exhibitor. 

KEARNEY, MICHAEL, St. John's, Newfoundland. Model of a 
Ship's Life Boat. 

CAMPBELL, J., St. John's, Newfoundland. Specimens of Seal 
Skins dressed as Leather and Furs. 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

fff FISHING BOOTS BK 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G. 



Newfoundland. 176A 



HOLMES, JOSEPH R., 54 South Street, Park Lane, London, W. 
(1) Amateur Photography, by the Exhibitor, of the Coast of Labrador and Ungava, illustrative 
of a few of its tribes of Esquimaux or Ked Indians, Icebergs, Pack-ice, etc. (2) An Indian Coat 
of Deerskin, elaborately painted. (3) Esquimaux Dress. (4) Harpoon. (5) Barb and Seal 
Buoy. (6) Dog-whip, 24 feet long. (7) Soap Stone cooking utensil. (8) Pair of Shed Horns 
of a Keindeer, bleached white by exposure. 

SMITH, EDWARD. Carvings executed at Labrador by Esquimaux 
Indians. 

TILLEY, JABEZ, St. Johns. Cod Liver Oil in Tins, hermetically 
sealed, warranted to retain its purity and sweetness in any climate. 



( 176B ) 



NEW SOUTH WALES. 

(See Plan, p, 140.) 



THE following introductory remarks are taken from the special catalogue of the New South 
Wales Exhibits : 

" The greater portion of the exhibits in the N. S. Wales Court have been liberally supplied 
by the Trustees of the Australian Museum, at the request of the Commissioners N. S. Wales 
Fisheries, having been specially prepared by the skilled taxidermists of that institution, the 
Commissioners themselves undertaking, through their energetic Secretary, Mr. Lindsay 
Thomson, the preserving of the tinned fish and oysters, and procuring from the various beds 
the large and interesting collection of Oysters displayed in the Court, as well as the fishing- 
boat, nets, and lines, the fish-oils, the photographs and oil paintings of the food-fishes, with 
many other interesting articles mentioned in the Catalogue. 

" The notes appended to each of the different samples of oysters have been collated from the 
reports sent with each to the Commissioners by the Inspectors and Sub-inspectors of the various 
leased beds in the colony of New South Wales. 

" One of the most marked features in the fish-fauna of the Australian Seas is the almost 
entire absence of the Cod tribe (Gaddidee), a family among which the Codfish itself, the Ling, 
the Haddock, the English Whiting, the Hake, &c., supply such immense quantities of valuable 
food, and afford so much employment to thousands of human beings in the Old and New 
Worlds. This want is, howevei:, amply supplied by members of other families, such as the 
Mugillidso, Sciamidso, and Carangidcc, which visit the Australian shores in vast shoals. From 
among these, fisheries might be formed, which, if carried on under efficient management, 
experience, and skill, with a comparatively small expenditure would in the future bid fair to 
rival the largest and most important in the world. Unfortunately there are at present no 
fish-curing or canning establishments in New South Wales. 

* With the exception of one species, Retropinna richardsonii, Gill, a species not used for 
food, the Salmonidse are naturally absent, but this family has been so successfully introduced 
into the Tasmanian water?, that it is highly probable, ere long, even Salmon will form an 
important article of export. 

With regard to the Clupeidsc (the Herrings, Pilchards, Sprats, and Anchovies), the species 
of this family arc very numerous, and occur in quite as large shoals as in any other part of the 
world. 

" When the MugillidsD, the most valuable for canning purposes, but which only occur at a 
certain season of the year, are gone, there are many other families the members of which are 
also found in immense quantities, for instance, the SciamidiB : Scixna antarctica and Otolithus 
atelodm ; the Sparida) : Cltrysophrys australis, C. sarba, Girella tricuspidata, G. simplex, and 
Pagrus unicolor : the Carangidoo : Seriola lalandii, S. gigas, S. grandis, Temnodon solicitor : 
the Scombresocida) : Hemirhamphus inter medius and If. regularis; the Scombrida), which 
include the Mackerels : Scomber australasicus, S. colias Thynnus pclamys ; the Traohinidju : 
Sillago ciliata, S. maculata, S. bassensis all of which occur at various seasons of the year, and, 
being obtainable in large quantities, would afford lucrative employment to hundreds of men, 
women, and children, and food for thousands. 

" Moreover, with more experience and knowledge of the proper trawling-grounds, still 
further sources of supply will arise. 

" At present, a great difficulty is the proper preservation of fish after their capture for 
transit inland and elsewhere. This arises from the heat of the climate, the scarcity of ice, and 
the want of efficiently constructed and swift boats for transit. Doubtless such wants will in 
due course be remedied, as the demand for fish-food is daily on the increase. 



South Wales. 176c 



" The fishing industry as yet may be regarded as in its infancy. This is shown by the fact 
that the only nets in general use by the fishermen are the ordinary trawling seines and mashing 
nets, while there is only one style of boat, a model of which is exhibited in the Court. 

" It may not be out of place here to draw attention to some of the principal features of the 
New South Wales Court, among which may be enumerated the large Sunfish, Orthagoriscus, 
sp., the Luth, Dermatochelys coriaceus, the group of Pe'ron's Seals, Otaria cinerea, exhibited 
for the first time in England and Europe, the large collection of food-fishes, stuifed . and in 
spirits. The Sponges and Oysters deserve attention, while the walls are decorated by life- 
sized oil-paintings of fishes and large photographs of the fish-markets and certain of the 
Government offices and other magnificent buildings, highly creditable to Mr. James Baruet, 
the colonial architect." 

New South Wales exhibits chiefly a large collection of the Fishes of the Colony preserved in 
spirits. These are all food fishes, and such as from time to time at various seasons of the year 
find their way to the fish markets. The number of species exceeds 150 kinds, and are repre- 
sented by 300 specimens. The freshwater species, such as the Murray Cod, and various kinds 
of Perch and Bream, Herrings, &c., are well represented. A catalogue, now in preparation, and 
which will be ready for distribution in a few days, contains a detailed list of these fishes 
(see Special Catalogue of the New South Wales Court), and also notes on a fine Collection 
of Sponges from Port Jackson and the adjacent coast. A Collection of Echinodermata and 
Crustacea. Zoophytes, &c., and Polyzoa from the same localities. A group of Eared Seals, 
Arctocephalus cinereus, consisting of adults and young, is exhibited on the left of the entrance 
to the Court. Two well prepared specimens (male and female) of the Dugong, Halicore 
Australis, and oil and lard obtained from these strange animals, are also exhibited. In the 
side Cases are exhibited, besides the stuffed fish, a large collection of Oysters, of sixty varieties, 
from different leased beds in New South Wales. There is also a collection of other Edible 
Mollusca, such as the Turbo, Haliotis or Mutton Fish, Cardiums, &c., &c. The walls are 
decorated with oil-paintings of the principal food-fishes and numerous photographs of 
Australian "scenery and public buildings. Fish Oils are represented by the oils obtained 
from the Grey Mullet, and various species of Sharks and Rays, of which stuffed specimens 
are also exhibited. The collections are chiefly of a scientific nature, but the numerous 
kinds of fishes show that large fisheries are capable of being developed in the Australian 
waters, particularly of the Grey Mullets, Herrings, Schnapper, and the Murray Cod and 
Perch. Other exhibits, consisting of Preserved Fish of several kinds, and Oysters in tins, 
are exhibited on the eastern side of the Court. 

The so-called "Murray Cod" or "Macquarie Cod" (Oligorus macquariensis) is the largest 
of our freshwater fishes, sometimes weighing over 100 Ibs. When at a weight of from 3 Ibs. to 
10 Ibs. it is considered most marketable, and is without doubt a most delicious fish-. It 
abounds in most of the rivers north of Sydney and in those of the western watershed, as the 
Murray and Macquarie and their numerous tributaries, affording good sport for anglers and a 
valuable supply of food ; they are usually taken for market with the Trammel, or Bag-net, 
set across the stream, or by hook and line. They have also been introduced into several of 
the inland lakes nearer Sydney, such as Lake George. Lake Batlmrst, &c., where they thrive 
remarkably well, becoming immense fish and exceedingly fat. A large specimen, wnich weighed 
about 20 Ibs., is exhibited in front of case No. 3. 

Large quantities are daily, during the cold months, sent to the Melbourne and Adelaide 
markets from the Murray and its numerous tributaries ; the supply for the Sydney markets 
is obtained from Lake George and from the Macquarie River, but chiefly from the Murrum- 
bidgee, being forwarded by train from Wagga. 

Two species of Murray Cod are recognized by naturalists, the Oligorus macquariemis, Cuv. 
et Val., and Oligorus mitchelli, Castleneau. 

The next fishes of importance, all of which are considered great delicacies, are the Golden 
Perch, Ctenolates ambiguus (Dules auratus, Richardson), Ctn. chrysti, Cast., and Ctn. flavescens, 
Giinth. C. amliguus is found in considerable numbers in the Victorian fresh waters and at 
Wagga on the Murrumbidgee. C. /avesceras/equally plentiful, is, I believe, confined to the 
upper waters of the Macquarie, in New South Wales ; here we also have the Silver Perch 
(Therapon Richanlsoni, Cast.) and T. macleai/ana, Ramsay, in considerable numbers, although 



176D New South Wales. 



usually taken for the markets with the net, they afford good sport to the angler, from twenty to 
forty fine fish, weighing from to 6 Ibs. weight, may easily be secured by one person in a day's 
fishing within a few miles of the town of Wellington. 

Among other fishes equally good may be mentioned Therapon niger, Cast., Murray i. 
Gtintlieri, Cast., M. cyprinoides, Cast., M. bramoides, Cast., Riverina fluviatilis, Cast., Macquaria 
awtralasica, Cuv. et Yal., and others which occasionally find their way into the southern 
markets. 

Lates colonornm of Gunthcr forms a palatable article of food ; it inhabits most of the rivers, 
lakes, and lagoons throughout the whole of Australia, but is replaced in the northern rivers by 
a much larger species known as Lates calcarifer, which is there more abundant. 

L. colonorum is not unfrequently taken with nets in the bays at the estuaries of the rivers, 
having been brought down the rivers by the "freshes" or floods, also by "set" nets in the 
rivers higher up the stream. When freshly cooked are among the best of our river-fishes. 
They spawn during August and September, the roes being considered a great delicacy. There 
are many other species, such as Lates ramsayi, MacLeay, Lates curtus, Cast., Mugil dobula, 
Gth., Mugil argenteus, Eels, Anguilla australis, the freshwater Herring, Meletta novtv-hollandiae, 
the Cat-fish, Copidoglanis tandanus, and a host of small fry which afford the anglers pleasant 
sport as well as a good dish. 

But the most important of our freshwater fishes are undoubtedly the two species of the 
Murray Cod (Oligorus), the Golden Perch (Ctenatales), 2 species, the Silver Perch, and the 
MacLeay 's Perch (Therapon), and the lUver Perch (Lates), 2 species, with the Eels (Anguilla'), 
of which there are also probably 2 species. 

E. P. RAMSAY. 



[All the objects (except those otherwise indicated) in this court are from the AUSTEALIAN 
MUSEUM, SYDNEY. A special detailed catalogue is published and may be obtained in the 
Court.] 

DIVISION IV. 

Model of Fisherman's Boat, full-rigged, with set of fishing lines, hooks, &c. Exhibited by tho 
Commissioners of Fisheries, New South Wales. 

DIVISION XXVI. 

(1) Collection of dried fish of various kinds salted and sun-dried. (2) Smoked Mullet (Mugtl 
yrandis). (3) Smoked mullet, tinned. (4) Garfish. TINNED FISH. Sclmapper Mullet, 
Jew-fish, Taylor, Travalley, Black-fish, Black Bream, Flounder, Eels, Flathead, Murray 
Cod, and many other food fish, preserved and tinned. Oysters (Ostrea glomeratd) tinned. 
Dried Sharks' fins. Beche le Mer Prawns (Penxus esculentus) tinned; dried Prawns; 
dried Mutton-fish (Haliotis ncevosa). Exhibited by the Commissioners of Fisheries of New 
South Wales. 

DIVISION XXIX. 

Fish oils from Sharks and Bays, from the Grey Mullet (Mugil Grand-is), and from the Sun-fisl 
(Orihagoriocus). Glue from the Sun-fish. 

DIVISION XXXII. 
Collection of Trigonias (T. lammarld^ exhibited by Dr. J. C. Cox, F.L.S., of Sydney. 

DIVISION XLII. 

Small collection of marine Algae taken by the trawl during fishing excursions. About twenty- 
five species from Port Jackson and the adjacent coast. 

DIVISION XLIII. 

Large collection of Sponges, in spirit, in their natural state, containing many new forms 
About 50 species : 150 specimens: from Port Jackson. 

DIVISION XLIV. 

(1) Collection of Polyzoa and Hydroids, dry. (2) A few species of Corals dredged in Port 
Jackson : one species of encrusting coral from the shore. 



New South Wales. 177 



DIVISION XL VI. 

(1) A very large collection of Oysters from sixty of the principal beds under lease by the 
Government of New South Wales : all the species known in Australia are exhibited in many 
varieties. (2) Collection of other edible inollusca. (3) Cuttle fish, squids, octopus, &c. 
(Sepia, Loligo, Octopus). Exhibited by the Commissioners of Fisheries of New South Wales. 



DIVISION XLYII. 
Starfishes ; Echinodermata Holothuria : Ascidians ; Boltinias, &c. 

DIVISION L. 

Collection of edible Crustacea. Exhibited by the Commissioners of Fisheries of New South 
Wales. 

DIVISION LI. 

(1) Collection of food fishes, in spirits ; about 300 specimens from Port Jackson and adjacent 
coast. (2) Collection of food fishes,, in spirit, from the rivers and fresh waters of New South 
Wales. (3) Collection of Sharks and Rays, in particular two rare species about 15 feet long, 
and a large Sun-fish, Orthagoriscus (mola f) 12 feet high, and samples of oil and glue therefrom. 
Also mullet oil from the Grey Mullet (Mugil grandis), Castln. (4) Collection of stuffed food 
fishes, including all the best kinds for the table. 

DIVISION III. 
Freshwater Tortoises from the rivers and lakes of New South Wales. 

DIVISION LIII. 

(1) Collection of Birds injurious to fish, containing specimens of the Pelicans, Shags, Divers, 
Terns, Gulls, and other fish-destroying birds. (2) Collection of Ducks. (3) Collection of 
Cranes and Herons, and some fine specimens of Sea Eagles. 

DIVISION LIV. 

1) Water Eats (Hydromis: two specimens) and the Platypus (Ortiithorhynchm anatinus), with 
some beautifully prepared skins of the latter. (2) Groups of Eared Seals, adults and young 
of Arctocephalus cinereus from the Seal Rocks near Port Stephens. (3) The Dugong (Ealicore 
Australis), male and female, stuffed specimens. (4) Hide, tlesh, and oil from this animal, and\ 
the sea-grass on which it feeds (Zostera, sp.}. 

DIVISION LV. 

(1) Catalogue of Australian Fishes. By the Hon. Win. Mackay, M.L.C., &c. (2) The 
" Fish and Fisheries of New South Wales." By the Rev. J. E. Tenison- Woods, F.L.S., &c. 
Exhibited by the Commissioners of Fisheries of New South Wales. (3) Collection of named 
Photographs of Australian Fishes Exhibited by E. P. Ramsay, Esq., F.L.S. 

DIVISION LVI. 

(1) Specimens of Ceratodus forsteri (KreffL), stuffed and in spirits; the only living example of 
the fossil form Ceratodus (Dipnoi'). (2) Specimens of two species of Cestracion (Hetero- 
dontus) H. phillipi Lacep. and H. galeatus, Gnth., a remarkable form allied to, or identical 
with the fossil genus Cestracion. 

P 



178 New South Wales. 



DIVISION LVII. 

(1) Photographs of Australian Fish. (2) Photographs of fish market and other public 
buildings in Sydney. (3) Oil paintings of Australian fish, life size, by Messrs. Podmore and 
Carse of Sydney, finished under the direction of the Curator of the Museum. Exhibited by the 
Commissioners of Fisheries of New South Wales. 

DIVISION LX. 

Reports of Fish Commissions held in New South Wales. Exhibited by the Commissioners 
of Fisheries of New South Wales. 



The Leve Antlpluvium Waterproof 

BICYCLING AND TEICYCLING 

ELEGANT, VERY LIGHT. SUITS. THOROUGHLY WATERPROOF, 



ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 



( 179 ) 



SAINT LUCIA. 

CATALOGUE OF THE PBINCIPAL FISHES. 



Names. 


Length. 


Weight. 


Locality. 


Commercial Quality. 
/ 


French and Patois. 


English. 


1. Ton . 


Albicore 


3 ft. 


150 Ibs. 


Deep Sea. 


Good for Corning 


2. Vieillo 


Grouper 


3 


100 


55 


Too fat for do. 


3. Varie 




8 


300 


y) 


Good for do. 


4 Tazza 


King Fish 


5 . 


45 




Too fat for do. 


5. Beelay 


King Fish (2nd) 


*^2 55 

9 


80 


?5 

>i 


Not good for do. 


6. Be'quin 


Common Shark... 


19 


500 


55 


Never corned. 


7. Pantouffe fouille 


Shark (2nd) ... 


Much dreaded. 


55 


Scarcely eaten. 


8. Dorade 


Dolphin 


5 


80 


55 


Fat, but cornable. 


9. Bonique ... ... 


Bonito 


2^ ,; 


10 


Deep & Shore 


Good for corning. 


10. Vivaneau 


Bed Fish (1st) ... 


3 


16 


?? 


Do. do. 


11. Boucan-negrc ... 
12. Grand-yeux 
13. Tete rondo 


Bed Fish (2nd)... 
Bed Fish (3rd)... 
Bed Fish (4th)... 


3 ., 
5 
2 


12 

25 
12 


? 

jj 


Do. do. 
Not good for do. 
Good for corning. 


14. Carrengue grasse 
15. Do. Cammade 


Cavally (1st) ... 
Cavally (2nd) ... 


2 
3 


10 
15 


Shore. 

55 


Not good for do. 
Good for do. 


16. Do. Noire ... 


Black Jack 


' 2J 


12 


Deep Sea. 


Too fat for do. 


17. Be'cune 


Barracouta 


10 


40 




Not good for do. 






5 


150 




Do. do. 


19. Haut-bouieille... 




7 


150 


?) 


Too fat for do. 


20. Argente 




2 


12 


M 


Good for do. 


21. Larie 


Sting-a-ray 


2to3 


20 




Never corned. 


22. Grand'ecaille ... 




2J 


20 


Shore. 




23. Zophie 


Ocean Gar 


2 s , 


3 


Deep Sea. 




24. 


Spanish Mackerel 






5> 




25. Sob 




2to3,, 


25 


J> 


Good for corning. 


26. Pag 




H ,, 


10 


j? 


Do. do. 


27. Sol 


Flounder ... 




2 to 3 


Shore. 


.j 


28. Wattalibbi 


Butter Fish 


9 in'.' 




?) 




29. Saurnon 


Salmon 


2 ft. 


10 


)j 




30. Coulirous 


Jack Fish ... 


9 in. 




? 




31. Balahou volant 


Flying Fish 


9 




Deep Sea. 





NOTES. 

No attempt is made to give a list of the smaller kinds of fish. Their number is legion, 
and their colours often varied and very brilliant ; but the flesh is coarse. 

Of the larger kinds, the Grouper, the King Fish (Tazza), the Cavally (Carrengue grasse), 
the Black Jack (Carrengue noire), and the Barracouta, are considered the finest for the table. 
Among the smaller ones, the Butterfish is an excellent and delicate morsel. So is the Spanish 
Mackerel. Flying Fish and Jack Fi^h are good eating, and likewise the Bock Hind. 

P 2 



180 Saint Lucia. 



To these may be added the Hedgehog aud Eels ; and among Shell Fish, Sea Eggs, Oysters 
and Whelks. 

Turtle, of two species, are fairly plentiful. 

Whales, chiefly the Hump Backs, are pretty common from January to May, and are fished 
by Americans. 

Among freshwater fish, there is the Mullet, resembling the Trout in size and delicacy of 
flavour. Then come the Carmeau, the Brochet, the Vermine, the Endormeur, and the Sarde- 
dents-chien. One or two of these attain sometimes large proportions, the Carmeau, for example, 
reaching three or four feet, and weighing 30 Ibs., and the Sarde-dents-chien 60 Ibs. These are 
to be found in the deep pools near the mouths of the rivers. 

In these islands, " pickling" fish is not practised, and "corned " fish is the term used for 
the local fish when salted and dried. " Salt-fish : ' is the name given to the imported New- 
foundland Cod. The -drier kinds of fish, when corned, will sometimes last quite as long as the 
" Salt fish." 

The sizes and weights given in the catalogue express the largest dimensions known to the 
persons who have contributed to the information herein given, some of whom are practised 
fishermen. 

Most of the deep sea fish are caught by the hook and line. Flying Fish are caught in 
net-bags attached to a stick, and dipped beside the boat. Cavallies, Jack Fish, and others arc 
taken in large seines, which are drawn upon sandy shores. Many of the smaller kinds are 
taken in fish-pots, weighted and sunk, sometimes in very deep water. The Mullet rises to the 
"fly," as the trout does, and the larger river-fish are sometimes shot. A common practice of 
the rustics is to dam a favourite portion of a stream, and throw into it pounded pepper or other 
leaves. The fish are stupefied and are easily taken. 

Fish is generally sold at Qd. per lb., taking a high proportion to beef, which brings Sd. 
The smaller fish sell at 3d. 

Castries, the capital of the island, has a 'population of about 5000 ; and about two dozen 
canoes, manned by two or three hands each, supply its daily wants. The poorer people con- 
sume a good deal of the smaller and cheaper kinds of fish, and are very fond of the common 
shark. 

Flying Fish seems to be plentiful, and, if deep sailing boats were used as at Bardados, it 
is likely that the supply would be considerable and steady all the year round. Flying Fish 
pickles well, like herrings ; but Barbadians say that the effect of eating them pickled is that 
the human skin becomes spotted and stained. Hence pickled Flying Fish is avoided. 

Near Margarita and the Testigos Islands, to the Westward of Trinidad, immense quanti- 
ties of fish are caught and corned, and occasionally a cargo of it reaches these islands. But 
at present there is no export trade in fish from St. Lucia, nor is fish so abundant in its 
neighbourhood as to be ever likely to become an article "of export. There are no banks swarm- 
ing with fish, hence nothing can ever compete with the Newfoundland Cod. 

"Caveecht" Fish is a fine relish and stand-by (like pepper-pot) when well prepared. 
This can best be done by frying the solid and dry kinds of fish, then treating them witJi 
vinegar, olive oil, pepper and spices. Suitably packed in jars, Caveecht Fish lasts a long 
time, and is welcomed in England. 

There are no benefit societies among the St. Lucia fishermen, and the trade receives no 
special protection nor any pecuniary aid from the Government. 

K, P. CKOPPEK. 

(No Exhibits from Saint Lucia have been received at the Fisheriet Exhibition,} 



( 181 ) 

STRAITS SETTIEMENTS. 

(See Plan, p. 140.) 



THE Colony under the above designation lies, roughly speaking, between 1 and 6 N, Lati- 
tude, and 100 and 104 E. Longitude. It consists of the islands of Singapore and Penang, 
and of three strips of territory on the mainland of the Malay Peninsula called Malacca (one 
of the three Settlements), Province Wellesley, and the Dindings. The seat of Government is 
the town of Singapore, and the form of administration is that found in Crown Colonies. 

The population of the Straits Settlements, according to the census of 1881, amounted to 
423,384, and was distributed as follows : 

Europeans. Malays. Chinese. Natives of India. 

Singapore ............... 2,769 ... 22,155 ... 86,766 ... 12,058 

Penang ..................... 612 ... 21,772 ... 45,135 ... 15,730 

Malacca .................. 40 ... 67,513 ... 19,741 ... 3,891 

Prov. Wellesley ......... 76 ... 58,723 ... 21,637 ... 10,616 

The Bindings ............ 2 ... 1,847 ... .466 ... 37 

Fish forms, with rice, the principal article of food among all the native races. This is 
especially the case as regards the Malays, while the Chinaman, if he can afford it, will 
supplement his meal of rice and fish with a small quantity of pork. To supply the various 
markets about 15,000 persons are wholly employed in fishing operations, and in addition 
numerous families meet their own requirements, which can be readily done, as the waters 
of the colony literally teem with fish. 

A considerable trade in salted fish is carried on in these Settlements. In 1882 Singapore 
received this commodity to the value of 317,000, and it exported the same article to the value 
of 320,000. The imports chiefly came from Siam (value last year, 140,000), French Cochin- 
China, East Coast of the Malay Peninsula, and Hong Kong. The exports principally went to 
Netherlands, India (value last year, 220,000), British Burmah, China, and Hong Kong. 
Burmah and the neighbouring states also took dried fish from Penang to the estimated value 
of 40,000. 

Fish-maws and sharks' -fins might in addition be included in this trade. The former are 
exported to the United Kingdom, 3000 worth being forwarded there in 1882 Netherlands, 
India, Australia, and China, and they are imported from Hong Kong, Netherlands, India, 
Cochin-China, and even from Arabia. In the Straits Settlements fish-maws are obtained 
almost entirely from three kinds of fish, locally known as Siakap, Kuran, and Timereh. Of 
sharks'-fins about as much is imported as exported, the above-mentioned countries being those 
which are principally interested in the trade. Last year the imports at Singapore were valued 
at 6500, and the exports at 7600. From Penang the exports were valued at 8200. 

The fishing class are, as a rule, well-to-do. The only taxes to which they are annually 
liable are as follows : for a license for a fishing boat, 25 cents ; for a license for an inshore 
fishing stake, 5 dollars ; for a license for an outshore fishing stake, 10 dollars. 

There is no regular season for fishing, but during the North-east Monsoon (November to 
March) the markets are less supplied, and prices rule high. The great bulk of the fish 
brought to the various ports is caught in drag-nets, and at stationary fishing stakes. 

It is estimated that about 20,000 tons of fish are annually disposed of in the town markets 
of Singapore, of which the value may be placed at about 470,000; while at Peuaug it is 



NDERSON, ABBOTT, & 
IMPROVED FISHING BAGS. 

8 T R O NG AND WELL MADE. 
C^ueen Victoria, St., London, E.O. 



182 Straits Settlements. 



calculated that the daily consumption in the markets of that settlement is about 18 tons, of 
the estimated value of about 450. The retail price varies from one cent to nine cents a 
catty (1$ Ib.) 

The exhibits in this Court show about 150 different kinds of fish ordinarily caught 
in the Straits, and include a few specimens of fresh-water fish found in the rivers of the 
Malay States. There are also exhibited models of the many implements and appliances 
employed in the capture of fish, and several articles actually used in fishing. The 
collection also contains models of fisherman's huts, and of the boats employed in fishing. 
There are, too, many samples of the kind of nets used in the various classes of fishing. 

A few specimens of corals, Crustacea and shells have been added. 

The Government of the Straits Settlements is much indebted to His Highness the 
Maharajah of Johore, and to the rulers of the Native States of Kedah, Perak, Selangor, and 
Sungei Ujong for the many interesting exhibits which bear their name. They readily 
accepted the invitation of the Governor (Sir F. A. Weld, K.C.M.G.) to make the collec- 
tion as complete as was possible in the limited time at disposal, and in this work the 
British Kesidents in the Protected Native States of Perak, Selangor and Sungei Ujong 
materially assisted. 

CECIL C. SMITH. 

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STRAITS SETTLEMENTS. 

Stake and other Nets, Hooks, Lines, Models of Boats, Preserved Fish, &c., &c. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP JOHORE. Stake and other Nets, Hooks, 
Lines, Models of Boats, Fisherman's Dwellings, &c., &c. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP KEDAH. Stake and other Nets, Hooks, 
Lines, Models of Boats, &c., &c. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP PERAK. Stake and other Nets, Hooks, 
Lines, Models of Boats, &c. 

THE GOVERNMENT OP SELANGOR. Stake and other Nets, 
Hooks, Lines, Models of Boats, Specimens of Fish, &c., &c. 

THE GpVERNMENT OP SUNGEI UJONG. Nets, Hooks, Lines, 
&c., &c., principally for Fresh Water Fishing. 

W. A. PICKERING, ESQ., Singapore. Nets, Hooks, Lines, Models of 
Boats, Specimens of Fish, &c., &c. 

RAFFLES MUSEUM, Singapore. Specimens of Fish, Corals, Shells, 
&c., &c. 

[The stake nets, though differing in detail, are all much the same in principle, and a 
description of one, of which Model No. 3 may be taken as an example, will serve as a guide to 
all. The " Kaylong," No. 3, is a fixed engine, usually about 900 feet long, 24 feet wide, and 
30 feet high, jutting out into the sea at right angles to the shore. It is constructed of stakes 
and rattan, in four compartments, the fish entering the first at high or half tide, find their way, 
as the tide falls, into the last, whence they are removed at low water.] 

(1) Large Fishing Stake. (2) Fishing Stake. (3) Large Fishing Stake. (47) Fishing 
Stakes. (8) Fishing Stake used in shallow water. (911) Fish Traps. (12) Fishing 
Stake used in paddy fields. (13 17) Fishing Stakes. (18 24) Fishing Stakes for small 
fish. (25) Sieve for small fish. (26) Fish Trap. (27) Fish Shovel. -(28) Fish Trap. 
(29, 30) Fish Traps. (31) Shovel used for catching shrimps. (32) Basket used for 
emptying water out of ditches in which fish have been left by previous overflows. (33) 
Instrument used in shallow water. The user, walking in the water, plunges the instrument in 
and out. (34) Kiver Fishing Stake. Used in rivers at foot of hills, where there is a rapid 
flow of water. (35, 35 37) Fish Traps. Nos. 35 and 35a, generally baited with fried meat. 
(37) Kiver Fishing Stake. (38) Small Scoop used in rivers. (39) "Scoop used for catching 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

CAPE VENTILATING WATERPROOFS 

ARE UNEQUALLED. 

37, Queen Victoria Street, London, E.G. 



Straits Settlements. 183 



fish in rice fields. (40) Instrument used in shallow water. (41) Fish Trap. (42) Kiver 
Fishing Stake. The net of this model should be smaller in comparison with the stake. It is 
hauled up by a man seated in the shed, when the fish have entered. (43) Trap for shallow 
water. (44 50) Fish Traps. No. 46 is placed in still water overnight, baited with white ants. 
(51) Fish Trap used in rice fields, placed in trenches cut to allow of overflow of water from 
rice fields. (52) Floating Fish Trap used in rivers. (5356) Fish Traps. (57) Fish 
Trap used in rice fields. (58) Fish Trap. (59) Model of a fishing stake used in 
rivers ; it is 33 feet long, and 16 feet wide at the mouth ; the height varies with the 
depth of water. The upper edge is about one foot above the surface of the river, the two 
wings extend to the bank on ^either side, so preventing fish from passing the trap. (60) Fish 
Trap. (61) Basket for emptying water from ditches. (62) Fish Trap. (63) Fishing Stake, 
inshore. (64) Fishing Stake. (65) Fish Trap. (66) Freshwater Fish Trap. (67) Fish 
Trap, set overnight in still water. (68) Freshwater Fish Trap. (69) Fish Trap for 
shallow water. (70) Shrimp Trap, used in rice fields. (71 74) Fish Traps. No. 71 is baited 
with leaves as shown in the model. (75) Basket for shell fish. Used in conjunction with a 
small boat, the user wading and towing the boat behind him, the shell fish are transferred to 
the boat as they are collected. (76) Fish Trap. (77) Scooping Basket for shell fish. 
(78) Sieve for catching shrimps. (79, 80) Baskets for carrying fish. 8184 Baskets 
for holding fish. (85) Floating Basket for carrying fish. (86) Basket for holding fish. 
(87, 88) Hooks and Lines. (89) Shrimp Hook. (90) Hook and Line. (91, 92) Hooks 
and Lines. (93, 94) Hooks for large fish. (9597) Hooks and Lines. (98) Self-acting 
Rod and Line. Model of a self-acting rod. made of an elastic bamboo, which is fastened in 
the ground and bent until the catch on the line meets a corresponding one on a short stick 
planted at the edge of, or a little distance from, the bank. The bait trails in the water, and 
the fish on taking it, releases the line from the catch, the bamboo springing back and jerking 
the fish on to the bank. (99104) Hooks and Lines. (105) Fish Hooks. (106) Hook 
and Line. (107, 108) Hooks and Lines for sharks. (109, 110) Hooks. (112115) 
Hooks and Lines. (116) Fishing Line. (117, 118) Hooks and Lines. (119123) Hooks 
and Lines. (124) Fishing Rod and Line for catching prawns. (125) Rod and Line for 
catching lobsters. (126132) Fishing Rods and Lines. (133) Hook and Line. (133a, 
1336, 133c) Crocodile Hooks and Lines. (134140) Fishing Rods and Lines. (141 
159) Fish Spears. No. 142 is used for large fish, the bar-b on striking being detached 
from the handle, and the fish played with the line attached until exhausted. (160) 
Basket in form of a spoon for taking fish out of traps. (161) Fisherman's Betel Box. 
(162) Fisherman's Basket to hold tobacco. (163) Fishing Spoon. (164) Net. (165 
167) Casting Nets. (168) Net. (169) Casting Net. (170178) Nets. No. 172, 
Net about 950 feet long and 48 feet wide, is used from a boat and hauled up once 
every half- hour. (179) Casting Net. (180) Net. (181) Casting Net. (182) Floating 
Net. (183) Net. (184) Seine Net. (185) Casting Net. (186) Net. (187) River 
Net. (188) Net. (189) Net. (190) Drag Net. (191) Floating Net. (192) Net. 
(193199) Casting Nets. (200) Net. (201207) Casting Nets. (208) Floating Net. 
(209) Net. Consists of two parts, which open when dropped to the sea bottom by a long 
line, and close on being hauled up. The bait is attached to the middle horizontal cord. A 
signal cord shows the presence of fish. (210, 211) Nets. No. 210 is pushed before him by 
the user, wading. The fish are removed, as caught, to the basket attached. (212) Hand 
Nets. (213218) Nets. No. 214, used by three men, one at each end of the net, the third 
beating the water to frighten the fish towards the net. Length 500 feet. (219) Hand Net. 
(220) Crab Net, (221, 222) Shrimp Net. (223) Hand Net. (224) Net for small fish. 
(225) Shrimp Net. (226) Crab Net. (227, 228) Fishermen's Houses. (229) Singapore 
Fishing Boat. (230) Shrimp Boat. (231, 232) Boats from Selangor. (233 235) Fishing 
Boits. (236) Boat from Selangor. Fishing Boats (237) from Malacca, (238) from Selangor, 
(239, 240) from Johore. (241) Specimens of fish caught in the Malay Peninsula. (242) 
Specimens of Corals. (243) Specimens of Shells. (244) Chlorimemus Commasonii. (245) 
Pristis Semisugittatus. (246) Ikan Hurovan Tusek (Malay name). (247) Orcella Brevirostris. 
(248) Crocodile from Selangor. (249) Photograph of fish killed by dynamite explosion in 
Penang Harbour. (250) Specimens of dried fish in bottles. (251) Singapore Sea Otter. 

LIFE BELTS AND VESTS, 

No person should venture to Sea without them. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON, 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, E.G. 



( 184 ) 



TASMANIA. 

(See Plan, p. 140.) 

THE following introductory remarks are taken from the special catalogue of the Tasmanian 
Exhibits : 

" It was not at first intended that this catalogue should be anything more than a bare list 
of the exhibits in the Tasmanian Court, entrusted to my care, but from the letters and 
communications received from the accomplished Secretary to the Commission, Philipp 
S. Seager, Esq., who has so carefully prepared the lists forwarded with the exhibits, I have 
gleaned such information as is made use of in the form of remarks on those forms which 
appear to me to be of special interest, deeming that this may not be unacceptable generally. 

" The fact of several species of Salmonidse having been so successfully introduced and 
established in Tasmanian waters is no less gratifying to pisciculturists here in England than 
it must be to the colonists themselves, who now enjoy good old English sport in fly-fishing. 
The future value of these introductions and additions to the fish food of Tasmania and her 
sister colonies cannot be too highly valued. 

" Experts are of opinion that many of the specimens now exhibited are crosses between 
Sdlmo fario and S. trutta some appear to have a strain of Salmo salar, others are undoubtedly 
S. trutta, and one or two may be said to be genuine specimens of S. fario. 

" At the Great International Exhibition of 1879-80, held in Sydney, the Tasmanian Com- 
mission exhibited several very large specimens of Salmo salar weighing over 20 Ibs. ; and during 
the Melbourne Exhibition of 1880-81 Salmonoids of from 2 Ibs. to 4 Ibs. each were retailed by 
the fishmongers in Melbourne at 10s. and 21s. apiece. 

"While we cannot but admire the talent and energy expended on the intricate and 
expensive machinery now employed in the American and English fish-hatcheries, it is pleasing 
to observe the primitive methods and simple contrivances by which the Salrnonidse were at first 
and so successfully introduced to Tasmania, The same success has attended the introduction 
of the Carp, Tench, and Kiver Perch. Kecently I have heard of a very laudable proposal 
(were it only needed) to introduce the Herring into Australian seas, but surely our southern 
friends are aware that numerous shoals of the very finest Herrings (Clupea sp.) in the world 
annually pass along our coasts, sometimes entering the mouths and estuaries of our rivers and 
bays : and in addition Tasmania can boast of her Sprats and Anchovies, which occur also on 
the southern shores of the mainland in such large shoals that they only require to be properly 
fished to become a source of wealth to the colonies. The Tasmanian Grey Mullets (Mucjilidx) 
are another family capable of affording, when cured, an important article of food either for 
home consumption or export. 

"Among the fishes will be found some remarkable forms, extremely interesting in a 
scientific point of view. The collection also contains all the principal food fishes, such as the 
Baracoota Thyrsites atun, and the King-fish Thyrsites solandri. Several species allied to the 
Trumpeter (Latris hecateia, Latris Forsteri, &c.), Chilodactylus Alporti, &c., and others. 
Samples of the "Black Fish" and "Bream," the Cyttus, "Boar Fish," " Trevally," Perch, 
Sprats, Herrings, Anchovies, and Grey Mullet, forming a well-chosen and representative 
collection of the Tasmanian fish fauna. 

" Photographs and Coloured Paintings of the most important have been added, also Photo- 
graphs of the City of Hobart and the environs thereof, and Forest and Native Scenery, with a 
very interesting series representing the Derwent Kiver and its Salmon Ponds, &c. 

"Lieutenant Bedome has contributed a very complete collection of the Mollusca of 
Tasmania, and among the fish-destroying Mammals may be seen a fine specimen of the Seal or 
Sea-Leopard, Stenorhynchus leptonyx, Grey. 

"Among the fish-eating Birds are specimens- of the " Mutton Bird," Piiffinus brcvicaudus, 
which is still found in immense numbers on some of the Islands in Bass's Straits, and supplies 
a large quantity of oil annually. 

" Among the Crustacea are some large and interesting species of edible Crayfish, both from 
the sea and fresh water, one species of which (Palinurus Edwardsii) already forms an article of 
export to New South Wales. This species attains a length from one foot to eighteen inches, and 
finds a ready sale at from Is. Gd. to 2s. Gd. each. The Tasmanian Freshwater species (Asta- 
copsis Franldinii) exceeds that of its representative on the mainland, but unfortunately has not 
found its way into the general market." 



Tasmania. 185 



Tasmania exhibits a fine collection of Shells, and specimens in alcohol of the principal 
Food Fishes. Models of their Fishing Boats, Nets, and Fish-destroying Birds, with Seals and 
other animals peculiar to the country ; also photographs and coloured paintings of Fishes 
peculiar to the coast.* 

The following particulars relative to the salmon fishing in this colony have been collated 
from the Keports of the Tasmanian Salmon Commissioners for the years 1879 and 1880. 

The Salmonidx, both migratory and non- migratory, continue to multiply so rapidly that, 
if their increase be not checked by the occurrence of some such epidemic as that which has 
recently proved so fatal in certain British rivers, the streams in Tasmania must, in the course 
of a very few years, be thoroughly stocked. 

Most of the streams on the north, south, and east coasts are already fairly stocked with 
the Salmo fario, and others contain the Salmo trutta ; but, at present, the Derwent and its 
tributaries are the only rivers in Tasmania in which the true Salmon is believed to be present. 
The Commissioners will endeavour to remedy this partial distribution of the Salmo salar at 
the earliest opportunity. 

For the last four years the Commissioners have had collected from the spawning beds in 
the Plenty certain large ova, of a pink colour, much resembling those of the Salmo salar 
originally received from England, some of which have been sent to the diiferent Colonies, and 
some have been placed in several of our own rivers. We think it more than probable that 
these Ova will prove to be of the Salmo salar ; but, if any should prove to be Salmo trutta, it 
is satisfactory to know that, in general estimation, these rank as little, if at all, inferior to the 
former. 

In October, 1879, as has been the case about that period for the last five years, Smolts, 
dressed in their beautiful bright migratory scales, came down the water-race which supplies 
the ponds, evidently making their way to the sea. Their numbers, however, on the last 
occasion were far greater than in any previous year, in fact they came down in millions ; and 
the rush continued for at least a fortnight. Many of them, notwithstanding the efforts of the 
Assistant to guide them into the Plenty, found their way into the |ponds; but their restlessness 
and anxiety to get to sea were such that they always immediately escaped when an oppor- 
tunity was afforded them. The Trout, on the contrary, which happened to be present, never 
showed any anxiety to leave the ponds. 

In October, 1880, as in former years, Smolts again made their appearance in the Eiver 
Plenty on their way to sea ; but in consequence of the diversion of the river by flood, the 
numbers which entered the shoots leading to the ponds were less than on former occasions. 
The Commissioners have caused some of these fish to be retained in a special pond, in the 
hope that they will deposit ova, and thus enable their progeny to be placed in other rivers of 
the Colony. Should the experiment prove successful there will be no difficulty in rapidly 
stocking other rivers with migratory salmonoids. 

It has been observed when captured migratory species are introduced into our breeding 
ponds and permanently retained there, that at first, during the migratory season, they make 
considerable effort to escape from their confinement. It has also been noticed that although 
they continue to present a healthy outward appearance, yet if the forced imprisonment is 
prolonged the generative organs are seriously affected, for they invariably become perfectly 
sterile. These observations may be of much interest to ichthyologists and to others interested 
in the natural history of introduced fishes. 

Several captures of Salmon, of from 4 to 7 Ibs. in weight, have been made by fishermen 
with nets ; and a fine specimen, upwards of 7 Ibs., was taken in Storm Bay, at a locality about 
twenty miles seaward of the mouth of the parent river, the Derwent. Fish (Salmonidae\ as 
to the exact variety of which various opinions have been entertained, of fully 20 Ibs., have 
been caught with rod and line. In addition to these, a fine specimen of Salmo fario, of 28 lbs. c 
was found dead in the Huon Kiver. 

The Commissioners still consider it uuadvisable to recommend any alteration in the 
existing restrictions as to netting in the Derwent, not only for the protection of the Salmonidev 

* Catalogues of the Shells may b obtained in the Court 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, AND ANDERSON'S 

FISHING TROUSERS 

Are unequalled for Quality, Finish and Wear. 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, B.C. 



186 Tasmania. 



but also in the interests of the indigenous fish which come into the bays and shallows above 
Hobart Town to deposit their ova, these undisturbed retreats serving afterwards as a protec- 
tion for the young fish until they are able to push out into deep water, and protect themselves. 
It is satisfactory to remark that since the prohibition of Seine fishing the supply of fish for 
the market has been both more abundant and more regular than for many years previously, 
an unanswerable argument against throwing open the protected portion of the Derwent. 

During the year 1880, 23,000 ova were supplied to the other Colonies, and 2350 fry 
were distributed in various rivers of this colony. The Commissioners are always prepared to 
supply the requirements of any locality upon application being made to them. 

The revenue derived from sale of ova during season 1880, and for fishing licences during 
season 1880-81 (ended 1st May), was more than sufficient to cover the cost of the establishment. 
The expenditure was 292 9s. 6d. ; the revenue by sale of ova, 105; by fishing licenses, 191 ; 
total 296. Poachers are still very numerous; but the number of licensed rod fishermen 
having increased from 138 in season 1876-77 to 382 in the season just closed, is a satisfactory 
proof that the offenders are not now so numerous as formerly. 

E. P. EAMSAY. 



THE COMMISSIONERS OF FISHERIES OF TASMANIA. 

[A Special Catalogue of the Exhibits is published and may be obtained in the Court.'] 

DIVISION I. 
(1) Model of Seine Net. (2) Model of Crawfish Net. (3) Model of Fishing Boats. 

DIVISION XL VI. 

Large and interesting collection of Tasmaniau shells ; 368 species prepared for exhibition by 
Lieutenant C. E. Beddome. 

DIVISION L. 

Collection of Edible Marine and Freshwater Crustacea. 

DIVISION LI. 

(1) Collection of food fishes, in spirits and stuffed. (2) Collection of Tasmanian bred 
salmon (Salmo solar) [introduced]. 

DIVISION LIII. 

Collection of sea-birds Gulls, Terns, Gannet, Herons, Pelicans, Shags, Grebe and Fish 
Hawks. 

DIVISION LIV. 

(1) Collection of Sharks and Rays destructive to fish. (2) Fine specimen of a seal, Sea 
Leopard (Stenorhynchus leptonyx). 

DIVISION LVII. 

(1) Large collection of photographs and paintings of fish. (2) Views of Tasmanian scenery, &c. 
(3) Photographs of Tasmanian Food Fishes. (4) Watercolours of Tasmanian Food Fishes . 
(5) Photographs of Salmon Ponds and River Derwent. (6) Photographs of Tasmanian 
Scenery. (7) Photographs of the City of Hobart, Tasmania. 

DIVISION LX. 

(1) Report of the Royal Commissioners on the Fisheries of Tasmania, 1883. (2) Catalogue of 
.Tasmanian Shells. 

(1) Fishing Hook made and used by the natives (Maories) of New Zealand. (2) Bag or 
Tobacco-Pouch made from the web of the foot of an albatross, from New Zealand. This bird 
is sometimes caught by fishing with line and hook. Exhibited by Miss Florence Derby, 
53 Thistle Grove, London, W. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, I ANDERSON'S 

IMPROVED 

RIDING OR HUNTING WATERPROOFS, 

WITH LEGGDVOS -A-TTVA-CKEIX 

37, QUEEN VICTORIA ST., LONDON, E.O. WORKS-LIHEHOUSE. E, 



FOREIGN, 



\ 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

AMERICA, UNITED STATES or 189 

AUSTRIA-HUNGARY 23G 

BELGIUM 239 

CHILI 245 

CHINA 251 

DENMARK 255 

FRANCE 258 

GERMANY .............. 265 

GREECE 269 

HAITI ,, . 272 

HAWAII . , 273 

ITALY . 277 

JAPAN 288 

MOROCCO 289 

NETHERLANDS 290 

NORWAY 302 

PORTUGAL 329 

RUSSIA 336 

SPAIN 342 

SWEDEN 355 

SWITZERLAND .............. 377 

VENEZUELA 379 

ZANZIBAR 380 



( 189 ) 



AMERICA, UNITED STATES OF.* 

(See Plan p. 192.) 

THE FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES. 

IN 1880, according to the returns of the Census Bureau, the number of persons employed 
in the fishery industries of the United States was 131,426, of whom 101,684 were fishermen, 
and the remainder shoresmen. The fishing fleet consisted of 6,605 vessels (with a tonnage 
of 208,297-82) and 44,804 boats, and the total amount of capital invested was $37,955,349, 
distributed as follows : vessels, $9,357,282 ; boats, $2,465,393 ; minor apparatus and outfits, 
$8,145,261; other capital, including shore property, $17,987,413. 

The value of the fisheries of the sea, the great rivers and the great lakes, was placed at 
$43,046,053, and that of those in minor inland waters, at $1,500,000 in all $44,546,053. 
These values were estimated upon the basis of the prices of the products received by the 
producers, and if average wholesale prices had been considered the value would have been 
much greater. In 1882 the yield of the fisheries was much greater than in 1880, and prices 
both "at first hand" and at wholesale were higher, so that a fair estimate at wholesale market 
rates would place their value at the present time rather above than below the sum of 
$100,000,000. 

Since 1865 the fisheries have increased in extent and value to a degree without parallel in 
their previous history. Before the war of the rebellion (1861-1865) many of the fisheries 
which are now most important had no existence, and for four or five decades preceding only 
the oyster fishery, whale fishery, cod fisheries, mackerel fishery, and shad and alewife fisheries 
were of any considerable importance. The recent increase is chiefly due (1) to the intro- 
duction of the improved methods of refrigeration, by means of which sea-fish are distributed 
widely throughout the interior of the country ; (2) to greatly extended facilities for steam 
transportation ; (3) to the extended introduction of methods of packing in hermetically-sealed 
cans, and of more attractive methods of preparing for market the several kinds of dried 
and smoked fish ; (4) to the introduction of improved vessels and apparatus by means of 
which the expense of capture has been greatly diminished ; and (5) to the efforts of a con- 
siderable number of enthusiasts, anglers, statesmen, and philanthropists, who, by the organi- 
sation of Fishery Societies, State Fish Commissions, and the United States Fish Commission, 
and by their publications, have awakened public interest, secured extensive appropriations of 
public money for the propagation and acclimatisation of useful fishes, and have demonstrated 
the value to the country of many previously neglected fishery resources. 

The fisheries of the New England States are the most important. They engage 37,043 
men, 2,066 vessels, 14,787 boats, and yield products to the value of $14,270,393. In this 
district the principal fishing ports in order of importance are : Gloucester, Portland, Boston 
Province town, and New Bedford, the latter being the centre of the whale fishery. New 
England was settled in 1620 by colonists, chiefly from the western counties of England, 
who selected that portion of the coast on account of its peculiar fitness for the prosecution of 
the fisheries, and by the middle of the seventeenth century there was a considerable fleet of 
ketches and snows engaged in the cod fishery on the oflf-shore banks, where, especially on the 
banks of Newfoundland, France, Spain, Portugal, and England, already had a fleet of several 
hundred large vessels. Just before the war of the revolution New England had 665 vessels 
and 4,405 men employed in its fisheries. 

Next to New England in importance are the South Atlantic States, employing 52,418 men, 
3,014 vessels (the majority of which are small, and engaged in the shore and bay fisheries), 
13,331 boats, and returning products to the value of $9,602,737. 

" A number of special catalogues are being printed to accompany this collection. These may be obtained at 
the office of the American Commissioner. 



190 . United States of America. 



Next are the Middle States, employing in the coast fisheries 14,981 men, 1,210 vessels, 
8,293 boats, with products to the amount of $8,676,579. 

Next are the Pacific States and Territories with 16,803 men, 56 vessels, 5,547 boats, and 
products to the amount of $7,484,750. The fisheries of the Great Lakes employ 5,050 men, 
62 vessels, and 1,594 boats, with products to the amount of $1,784,050. The Gulf States employ 
5,131 men, 197 vessels, and 1,252 boats, yielding products to the value of $545,584. 

Forty-three distinct fisheries are recognised by American writers, each being carried on 
in a special locality, and with methods peculiar to itself. Among the most important of these 
are the oyster fishery, the off-shore cod fishery, the whale fishery, the fur-seal fishery, the 
mackerel fishery, the menhaden fishery, the halibut fishery, the Antarctic seal and sea- 
elephant fishery, the west-coast salmon fishery, the lobster, the shad and alewife fishery, the 
swordfish fishery, and the clam fisheries. 

The ofi-shore fisheries are carried on chiefly by citizens of the New England and Middle 
States, and are prosecuted on the great oceanic banks extending from Nantucket to Labrador, 
and upon the ledges and shoals between these and the coast. 

The great Purse-seine fisheries for mackerel and menhaden are carried on north of 
Cape Hatteras at distances from the shore varying from one mile to one hundred and fifty 
miles. The fishing grounds in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, formerly frequented by many 
hundreds of American vessels, have been entirely abandoned since the introduction of the 
Purse-seine, and in 1882 only one vessel visited those waters, returning with about 200 barrels 
of mackerel. The oyster fishery is located for the most part between Cape Hatteras and Cape 
Cod, chiefly in the great inland bays. In all the great rivers of the Atlantic coast are 
fisheries for the anadromous shad and the two species of alewife. About the Keys of southern 
Florida is an extensive sponge fishery, and on the shoals of the Gulf of Mexico the red snapper 
and grouper fisheries are yearly increasing in value. The fur-seal fishery is chiefly located 
upon the Pribylov Islands of Alaska. A small fleet of vessels yearly penetrates to the ice- 
bound islands of the Antarctic for seal- skins and sea-elephant oil. The whaling fleet, with head- 
quarters at New Bedford and San Francisco, in the main frequent the North Pacific, though a 
number of smaller vessels, many of them from Provincetown, pursue the sperm whale in 
tropical waters. The salmon fishery is seated chiefly upon the Columbia Kiver and its 
tributaries, though other rivers in Oregon and California produce large quantities of salmon, 
which is extensively " canned " and exported. The most valuable product of the Great-lake 
fisheries is the whitefish. The swordfish fishery of Southern New England, though employing 
but 40 vessels, and perhaps 160 men, produces 1,500,000 pounds' weight annually. 

The export of American fishery products is comparatively small owing to the fact that 
the demand for such products for home consumption is really greater than the supply, and is 
constantly on the increase. In 1880 the total value of exported fish products amounted to 
$5,744,580 ; of which, according to custom-house records, England received $2,601,017. Of 
the quantity sent to England $1,596,007 was in canned preparations, and $363,790 in fresh 
oysters, the remainder being chiefly products of the whale fishery. In former years there 
was an extensive export trade in dried cod with Spain and Portugal, but this is now entirely 
abandoned. Large quantities of canned salmon are sent to China, Japan, and Australia. 

At present no subsidies are allowed to fishermen, except that the duties on imported 
salt, used in the preparation of fish, are remitted ; this practice was begun in 1863, at which 
time the old bounty law was repealed. 

The United States, with the intention of aiding its fishermen, has paid to Great Britain 
the sum of $5,500,000 for the privilege of fishing in the British Provincial Waters from 1873 
to 1885. 

Since 1871 the United States has appropriated over one million dollars to be used by the 
United States Fish Commission in behalf of the fishermen and fish consumers, and under the 
direction of the Commissioner, Prof. Spencer F. Baird, very important results have been accom- 
plished. All the state governments with the exception of six have established state fish 
commissions, and most of them have been liberally supported by grants of money. 

The undeveloped fishery resources are very great. Many of the fishes and invertebrates 
which in Europe are highly valued by the poorer classes are never used here. Only about 



United States of America. 191 



150 of the 1500 species of fishes known to inhabit the waters of the United States are 
ordinarily found in the markets. 

An elaborate report upon the fish^i and fisheries of the country in 1880 is now being 
published by the Government the joint production of the Fish Commission and the Tenth 
Census. 

G. BROWN GOODE, 

Assistant Director of the U. S. National Museum, Washington, 
and Commissioner to the Exhibition. 

[NOTE. The participation of the United States in the Exhibition is in accordance 
with an Act of Congress approved July 18, 1882, by the terms of which the United States 
Commissioner of Fisheries was instructed to prepare, under the auspices of the Department of 
State, a complete and systematic representative exhibition of the fisheries of the United States.] 



COLLECTIVE EXHIBIT OF THE UNITED STATES.* 
ANALYSIS. 

A. Aquatic Animals and Plants beneficial or injurious to Man. 
B. Fishing Grounds and Geographical Distribution. 
C. Apparatus of Sea and Freshwater Fishing. 
D. Fishing Vessels and Boats and their Fittings. 
E. Fishermen and Anglers : Dress, Economic condition, &c. 
F. Apparatus connected with the Whaling and Sealing industry. 
G. Fishery Products and the apparatus and methods of their Preparation. 
H. Fish Culture : apparatus and methods. 
I. Investigation of the Waters : Deep Sea Eesearch, &c. 
K. Literature of Fish, Fishing, and Fisheries. 



SECTION A. AQUATIC ANIMALS AND PLANTS OF NORTH 
AMERICA BENEFICIAL OK INJURIOUS TO MAN. 

I. MAMMALS. 

1. Group of Fur Seals, Callorhinus ursinus, with screen of water-colour 
sketches by Henry W. Elliott, illustrating the seal life of the Pribylov Islands ; stuffed 
Kibbon Seal, Histriophoca equqstris ; cast of Harbor Seal : stuffed head of walrus. Odobxnus 
obesus. 

2. Cast of Manatee, skull of HJiytina gigas, from Bering Island. 

3. Cast of White Whale, Delphinapterus ; foetal Blackfish, Globicephalus ; 

4. Casts of severaal smaller-toothed cetaceans, with skulls of the same ; 
casts of heads of cetaceans. 



5. Collection of skins of Aquatic Birds of the United States. Exhibited 
by the United States National Museum. 



II. BIRDS. 

f the United States. Exhil 

6. Groups of Aquatic Birds. 

* The collections here enumerated are for the most part the property of the U. S. National Museum and the U. S. 
Fish Commission. 

ANDERSON, ABBOTT, & ANDERSON, 

37, Queen Victoria Street, Londres, Angleterre, 

Fabricants les plus considerables du Monde des 
MEILLEUKS V^TEMENTS EN TOILE VEENIE. 

Medailles dScernSes 4 toutes les Expositions Internationales. 



UNITED STATES 



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United States of America. 193 



III. IV. EEPTILES AND BATRACHIANS. 

7. Cast of Alligator, Alligator mississippiensis. 

8. Casts of Tortoises, Gopher, Xerobates polyphemus, Terrapin, Malacoclemmys 
palustris, Slider, Pseudemys rugosa, Southern Terrapin, Macrochelys lacertina, Soft-shell 
Turtle, Aspidonectes ferox, Green Turtle, Chelonia mydas, Loggerhead Turtle, Thalassochelys 
caonana, Leatherback Turtle, Dermatochelys coriaceus. 

9. Casts of Water Snakes, Tropidonotus, several species, Moccasin, Ancis- 
trodon piscivorus, Kattlesnake, Crotalus adamanteus, &c. 

10. Collection of 24 species of tailed batrachians, including Siren, Necturus, 
Arnphiuma, Menopoma, Amblystoma, Siredon, &c. 

11. Four species of edible frogs, including Giant Bullfrog, Rana Catesbiana. 

12. (Cancelled). 

V. FISHES. 

13. Casts of 121 characteristic fishes, including most of the important 
economic species, arranged on nine screens. 

14. Casts of Giant Catfish, Amiurus ponderosus, Guasa, Serranus guasa, &c. 

15. A series of photographs of the important fishes of the United States. 

16. A series of proofs of engravings of the food fishes of the United States, 
prepared to accompany the forthcoming quarto report, with specimens of the original drawings. 

17. Colour sketches of fishes; chromolithographs of twenty water-colour 
sketches of game fishes exhibited by Charles Scribner's Sons (publishers of Kilbourne & 
Goode's Game Fishes of the United States). 

18. Series of fishes in alcohol : Fishes of Alaska. The American Salmonidge. 
Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico and East Florida. The genera of fresh-water species. Fishes 
of the Adirondacks, collected by Fred. Mather. 

Ip. Living fish eggs, fishes, &c. All under fish culture ; section P. 

20. Collection of market fishes in fresh condition on ice sent from time to 
time by E. G. Blackford, New York. 

VI. MOLLUSKS. 

21. Models of Giant Squid, Architeuthis princeps and of Giant Octopus, 
prepared under direction of J. H. Emerton. 

22. Series of Gasteropoda, useful as affording food, bait, &c., or injurious by 
destroying edible mollusks. 

23. Series of specimens showing the life of the American Oyster from the 
time of attachment to full growth, under various conditions influencing development. 

24. Collection of plates and diagrams illustrating the embryology of the 
American Oyster. 

25. Series of American Oysters, illustrating geographical distribution and 
local variation. 

26. Other useful Mollusks, Unto, Haliotis, &c, 

27. Specimen illustrating injurious work of Teredo and other pernicious 
Mollusks. 

28. Enemies of the Oyster. 

VII. MARINE AND FRESH- WATER INVERTEBRATES, EXCLUSIVE OF MOLLUSCA^ i 

29. Collection of economic Crustaceans, mainly alcoholic, containing forty